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Inland Northeast Gets Record-Burying Snow

By: Bob Henson 4:40 PM GMT on March 15, 2017

If the millions of people living along the I-95 corridor were situated just 100 miles northwest, they’d be digging out on Wednesday from one of their biggest March storms in decades. Instead, the big coastal cities came out of Tuesday’s storm with relatively little impact, while many points inland are still buried.

There was no second-guessing the intensity of the fast-hitting storm, dubbed Stella by The Weather Channel. Surface pressures dropped at incredible rates downstream of the surface low (see Figure 2 below), on par with pressure drops observed with some hurricanes. The quick intensification led to very strong winds, especially along the New England coast. On Cape Cod, Wellfleet, MA, gusted to 79 mph, and widespread gusts to 50-70 mph knocked out power to more than 50,000 customers in northeast Massachusetts. At the storm crescendoed around 6:00 pm EST Tuesday, Boston’s Logan International Airport was enduring northeast winds of 46 mph gusting to 56 mph, with mixed rain and snow and a temperature of 37°F.


Figure 1. People watch as waves crash over the seawall along Lynn Shore Drive as Stella bears down on Lynn, MA, on Tuesday, March 14, 2017. Image credit: Photo by Scott Eisen/Getty Images.


Figure 2. The NY State Mesonet station at Southold, on the north fork of Long Island, experienced a pressure drop of more than 50 millibars (maroon line on right side of image) in less than 36 hours, with pressures dropping at a rate of roughly 15 mb per 3 hours as Stella approached on Tuesday afternoon, March 14, 2017. Image credit: New York State Mesonet.


Figure 3. The intense surface low associated with Winter Storm Stella (979 mb) was located at the eastern tip of Long Island at 2100Z (4:00 pm EST) Tuesday, March 14. Two-hour pressure falls (blue dashed lines) were analyzed at greater than 9 mb near the coast of Maine ahead of Stella. Image credit: NOAA/NWS Storm Prediction Center.

Putting the semi-bust into context
Meteorologists were frequent interviewees on Tuesday, explaining why a small shift inland of the rain/snow transition zone had such big consequences on the outcome from Washington to Boston. Probabilistic graphics issued by several National Weather Service offices had amply highlighted the large uncertainties. In some cases, when it became more apparent a given spot would be located very near the transition zone, the probabilistic uncertainties actually grew. One such graphic on Monday night showed that there was a 10% chance that New York’s John F. Kennedy International Airport would receive 1” or less, and a 10% chance that it would get 21” or more! Overall, the snowfall amounts in the major East Coast cities came in on the low side of the probabilistic ranges, though in some cases they were below the “expect at least this much” (the lowest 10% range).

The main complication was a slice of warm air several thousand feet thick that was pulled onshore northeast of the fast-strengthening low a bit more strongly than expected. This meant a changeover from snow to a messy mix of sleet, freezing rain, and snow in some of the most heavily populated areas—very unpleasant, but not truly crippling.

Cliff Mass, a professor at the University of Washington, labeled the event “Slushmaggeddon.” He noted that with this storm, heavy precipitation occurred just as expected, even in the big cities, but the form of that precipitation was different than many had expected. In other storms, the big uncertainty isn’t with the type of precipitation but the amounts: the edge of heavy snow can shift just outside of an urban area, leaving the city with much less than expected, as occurred in New York City in January 2015. “Both were difficult forecasts with a large gradient of snow,” said Mass in an email.

Snow and sleet totals along the I-95 corridor included:

2.0” Washington (Reagan National)
5.6” Washington (Dulles)
2.5” Baltimore, MD
6.0” Philadelphia, PA
7.3” Newark, NJ
7.4” New York (LaGuardia)
5.1” New York (JFK)
3.3” Providence, RI
6.6” Boston, MA

You don’t have to go far inland to find much bigger amounts. For example:

14.4” Worcester, MA (50 miles west of Boston)
15.8” Hartford, CT (75 miles west of Providence)


Figure 4. The strong gradient in snowfall amounts near the East Coast is evident in this map of preliminary snowfall totals across southern New England as of 9:00 pm EDT Tuesday, March 14, 2017. Image credit: NWS/Taunton, MA.


Figure 5. A horse and buggy drive through the snow on Tuesday, March 14, 2017, in Gap, PA. Image credit: AP Photo/Matt Slocum.

Snow-prone Binghamton gets its heaviest 1-day snowstorm on record
Stella’s heaviest snows extended from the Poconos of Pennsylvania across eastern New York and into western Vermont. The large domed portion of the Hutton Sports and Recreation Center at Utica College collapsed on Tuesday night around 7:30 pm EDT (see photos at bottom). Fortunately, the campus was on spring break, and the sports complex had been closed around 2:00 pm, according to a statement from the college. A trained spotter at West Winfield, NY, just south of Utica, reported 42”, and 36” was reported from nearby Ilion, NY.

Some other noteworthy totals:

Binghamton, NY, notched its heaviest-ever 24-hour snowfall with a phenomenal 31.3”, far eclipsing the previous 23” record from Feb. 3-4, 1961. Moreover, all but 0.1” of the snow fell between midnight Monday night and midnight Tuesday night, making for a calendar-day total of 31.2” that smashes the previous calendar-day record of 21.0” from Feb. 19, 1972. Records in Binghamton don’t go back terribly far: only to 1951.

Albany, NY, racked up a storm total of 17”, all falling on Tuesday, which ties for the city’s eighth biggest calendar-day snowfall on record. Five of the other eight top calendar-day snows in Albany history occurred in March. Records began way back in 1884.

Burlington, VT, received 29.6” in the 27-hour period from 9:00 am EDT Tuesday to noon Wednesday, with light snow still falling. This makes it at least Burlington’s third heaviest snow on record, behind 33.1” (Jan. 2-3, 2010) and 29.8” (Dec. 25-28, 1969). Records go back to 1893.


Figure 6. The Binghamton office of the National Weather Service is draped in the city's heaviest snowfall on record early Wednesday, March 15, 2017. Image credit: NWS/Binghamton.

Multiday freeze could be a costly event for Southern growers
Freezing temperatures covered much of the southeastern U.S. on Wednesday, and an even more widespread freeze is likely on Thursday morning. Lows on Wednesday AM included 28°F at the NWS/Atlanta office in Peachtree City and 31°F in Augusta, GA.

A hard freeze warning is in effect for inland northeast Florida and southeast Georgia, where lows are expected to reach the 25°F to 30°F range for several hours, well below record lows for the date. Temperatures may briefly dip below freezing as far southeast as Ocala and St. Augustine, FL. Anything below 29°F in Jacksonville would be the city’s latest-ever temperature so low in records going back to 1871. As we discussed in Tuesday’s post, a widespread hard freeze could have especially large impacts this year because of extremely mild late-winter weather that’s put spring vegetation (including fruit crops) several weeks ahead of schedule.

We’ll be back with our next post by Thursday at the latest.

Bob Henson


Winter Weather

The views of the author are his/her own and do not necessarily represent the position of The Weather Company or its parent, IBM.

Reader Comments

Thanks for the update Mr. Henson.
This storm (just like this winter) has been a real nuisance! This winter is holding us hostage!
Sneaux is of the devil...most certainly.

: P
Pine beetles could devastate Alabama's $11B forest industry this year

"Normally in the winter you don't see a lot of dying pines and beetle activity, but we're seeing that a lot more this year," said Tim Albritton, staff forester with the U.S. Department of Agriculture's Natural Resources Conservation Service in Alabama. "We can tell this year is building up to be a pretty bad year for beetles." ........... The AFC usually doesn't start logging flights to look for beetle damage until May or June, but started early this year, in part due to the large number of calls the commission is getting from landowners to report possible infestations.

"Our phones are blowing up," said Mark Martin, assistant forest health coordinator for AFC. "We're getting calls left and right, every day."


Link
Thanks for the recap of the storm and the mention the freeze warnings for the SE; lots of commercial farms, growers, and nurseries scattered all over North Florida and the Southern Georgia agricultural belt...........I am certain they are working overtime today to try and take all needed precautions for their crops and plants for the overnight freeze issues.



BANDAR AL-ROWDAH, Oman — The Gulf of Oman turns green twice a year, when an algae bloom the size of Mexico spreads across the Arabian Sea all the way to India.

Scientists who study the algae say the microscopic organisms are thriving in new conditions brought about by climate change, and displacing the zooplankton that underpin the local food chain, threatening the entire marine ecosystem.


Link
18" or more on the ground here in Rochester, NY. Not quite done yet, as we still have NW flow off of Lake Ontario. If you look at Binghamton radar, you can see clear lake effect bands from the bottom of the Finger Lakes near Ithaca, Watkins Glen, and points east. This is literal icing on the cake from last Wednesday's fun and games, where we had bright blue skies, and gusts that topped 80mph with over 100k people without power by the evening. Utility trucks from multiple states and provinces are here through the end of the current storm to assist in continuing repairs from last week as well as any new outages.
Here are the current freeze warnings out for this evening in this small NWS section out of Tallahassee: the light purples to the right are the hard freeze warnings.

Map of Forecast Area
HAMMER TIME
And here are the current national warnings out; the whole SE is blanketed with freeze warnings and hard freeze warnings this evening noted by Mr. Henson for that FL/GA tier:


Instead, the big coastal cities came out of Tuesday’s storm with relatively little impact

The sleet/freezing rain mix is far more difficult to remove from cars, streets and sidewalks than a foot of snow, and anyone who did not get it done yesterday now has to contend with frozen-solid slabs. Road crews in Philly are having to salt and then come back later and try to plow.
Thanks for the update! I can't imagine that much snow!!

We'll be getting an upgrade from the GFDL this hurricane season:




Some bad news for Arctic sea ice as well:


Let’s be Very Clear — 100 Percent (or More) of Recent Warming was Caused By Humans
“We actually have high confidence that the warming that is happening now is not natural cycle. If anything, over the past few decades, nature has tried to cool us off a little bit… The sun has dimmed just a little bit. We have blocked the sun with particles from our smokestacks just a little bit. And yet it has warmed. If you were to ask how much of the warming that we see recently has been caused by our greenhouse gasses, it’s a little more than all of it (emphasis added).” — Dr Richard Alley

Link
This is something you don't see every day in PA:

Snow: Avalanche closes road in central PA

Quoting 14. AGWcreationists:

Instead, the big coastal cities came out of Tuesday’s storm with relatively little impact

The sleet/freezing rain mix is far more difficult to remove from cars, streets and sidewalks than a foot of snow, and anyone who did not get it done yesterday now has to contend with frozen-solid slabs. Road crews in Philly are having to salt and then come back later and try to plow.


We had a storm like this in 2007 in the DC area. Heavy snow and ice pellets with melting from underneath, followed by bitter cold. The stuff was easy to remove on storm day but any what wasn't removed froze hard and was very difficult even with heavy equipment, to remove from parking lots. We lost two additional school days because of this problem.. the stuff just couldn't be removed with plows.

For clearing frost from windshields I use lukewarm or cold (not hot!!) water to avoid cracks. Never had one in forty years of driving. But for heavy clear ice and accumulations of ice pellets, I use hot water being careful not to let it hit bare glass. It is important to wipe down the door gaskets afterwards otherwise the water will get in and freeze the doors solid shut. Hot water evaporates and condenses nearby and is much more of a freeze lock risk than ordinary winter rain.. just warning.
Quoting 11. weathermanwannabe:

Here are the current freeze warnings out for this evening in this small NWS section out of Tallahassee: the light purples to the right are the hard freeze warnings.

Map of Forecast Area


When I was in Tallahassee 84-87 these were frequent in winter.
Quoting 19. georgevandenberghe:



When I was in Tallahassee 84-87 these were frequent in winter.
Not frequent in March tho. Technically still winter I know.
Just as we were getting ready for warmer weather the thermometer will go down to 44 degrees this evening in Port St. Lucie.

No worries as we are back to mid 80s next week.
Winter of 16-17' was murdered by the Warmth produced by Humans burning fossil fuels to run our global society.

The warming continues,..

Unabated.


Quoting 108. Patrap:

This Weds, Dance like yer microwave isn't watching.


Werd'
And God Bless the Amish Man going through the elements with his horse in PA in the Pic above in the Blog............Beautiful up there in Amish Country.
A really nice story about an important issue that may become more widespread: "A river in New Zealand has become the first in the world to be granted the same legal rights as a person." (first sentence in the report by the BBC, at: Link
And new research, just posted in Science Mag this afternoon, as to a possible correlation between increasing smog in China and Arctic warming..........................

http://www.sciencemag.org/news/2017/03/why- china-s-smog-so-bad-researchers-point-far-away-mel ting-arctic

In China, the winter of 2013 was an “airpocolypse.” A thick soup of harmful smog cloaked its biggest cities, contributing to at least 90,000 deaths and sickening hundreds of thousands more. Things haven’t gotten much better since then, even though the country has enacted tough new emissions controls. A new study may explain why. Melting sea ice and increasing snow across Siberia have altered large-scale weather patterns, replacing currents that used to ventilate China with stagnant air that lets pollution accumulate.

“The ventilation is getting worse,” says study author Yuhang Wang, an atmospheric scientist at Georgia Institute of Technology in Atlanta. “We think climate change, as it is driving rapid warming of the Arctic, is having a large effect on pollution in China.”The researchers also wanted to understand what was driving the stagnant conditions. They examined a host of global phenomena, including El Niño, large-scale circulation patterns in the Pacific Ocean, and changes in snow and ice in the Arctic. Of these, they found that low levels of sea ice and increased snowfall on land were the most correlated with changes in PPI. Both factors are thought to be effects of a warming, wetter Arctic, because some scientists think open seas can lead to the increased evaporation that drives snowfall. And indeed, in the fall of 2012, record lows of September sea ice preceded high snowfalls across northern Eurasia.

Humans need the Earth for everything.

Nature needs not Man at all.

They will be a memory, as were the Dinosaurs.

Cept in our case, our demise is our own.

And for the bloviate's to come, with your the Earth has gone thru phases before and this is one.

Heres a tip,......no where in the record of the Earth's past, did any other species dig up sequestered carbon and burn it at the rate of 400,000 tonnes of CO2 per hour, and injecting into the atmosphere 24/7/365.


Your current Gub'ment admin is stopping all paths to reducing carbon emissions and ramping up policy to do away with even reporting it.

Sedition is a criminal and impeachable offense, thankfully.

Semper Fi'




Thanks for the updates!

Sunny and Dry in Soo Cal the last 2 weeks with above normal temps but not too hot. I admit I am enjoying the sunny warm days after all our winter rains. ECMWF and GFS both seeing 2 storms for next week at this time so it is possible the spigot has not turned off completely yet. Will wait and see if models flip flop or not. The second forecast storm looks substantial at this time with the first one with lesser amounts.





Not true. The first river to be given rights was in Ecuador - The Vilcambamba
http://www.constitutionnet.org/news/does-nature-h ave-rights-successes-and-challenges-implementing-r ights-nature-ecuador
But its still cool that this has happened in NZ. They need it there; diary farming is screwing up the rivers in that once green land of the long white cloud.

Quoting 25. CaneFreeCR:

A really nice story about an important issue that may become more widespread: "A river in New Zealand has become the first in the world to be granted the same legal rights as a person." (first sentence in the report by the BBC, at: Link
Just when you think it can not get more preposterous, we get Sedition.

Line of the day and quite possibly the week. We will have to see if the President can beat it this week. He has shown a unique ability for the absurd but hats off for Sedition.
Not strictly true - first was a river in Ecuador - the Vilacabamba. Ecuador has a law that gives natural systems rights. While controversial it is working to a certain degree.
More here
http://www.constitutionnet.org/news/does-nature-h ave-rights-successes-and-challenges-implementing-r ights-nature-ecuador

Quoting 25. CaneFreeCR:

A really nice story about an important issue that may become more widespread: "A river in New Zealand has become the first in the world to be granted the same legal rights as a person." (first sentence in the report by the BBC, at: Link
Oh boy, the new comment system on this site has turned into a doozy. Who messed with what worked perfectly well? Yikes. Dont fix it if it aint broke, I believe you say in the US?
Quoting 32. nymore:

Just when you think it can not get more preposterous, we get Sedition.

Line of the day and quite possibly the week. We will have to see if the President can beat it this week. He has shown a unique ability for the absurd but hats off for Sedition.


If two or more persons in any State or Territory, or in any place subject to the jurisdiction of the United States, conspire to overthrow, put down, or to destroy by force the Government of the United States, or to levy war against them, or to oppose by force the authority thereof, or by force to prevent, hinder, or delay the execution of any law of the United States, or by force to seize, take, or possess any property of the United States contrary to the authority thereof, they shall each be fined under this title or imprisoned not more than twenty years, or both.
(June 25, 1948, ch. 645, 62 Stat. 808; July 24, 1956, ch. 678, § 1, 70 Stat. 623; Pub. L. 103–322, title XXXIII, § 330016(1)(N), Sept. 13, 1994, 108 Stat. 2148.)
Quoting 35. ekogaia:

Oh boy, the new comment system on this site has turned into a doozy. Who messed with what worked perfectly well? Yikes. Dont fix it if it aint broke, I believe you say in the US?

I would go with " A solution looking for a problem" and it is " If it ain't broke don't fix it"
Quoting 20. PensacolaDoug:

Not frequent in March tho. Technically still winter I know.


Oldtimers down there used to say, don't put in your garden (meaning warm season stuff) before
Easter. I treated March as a month with significant frost risk when I was there, like mid April here in the Mid Atlantic. Local safe date here is Mothers day.
Quoting 36. KEEPEROFTHEGATE:



If two or more persons in any State or Territory, or in any place subject to the jurisdiction of the United States, conspire to overthrow, put down, or to destroy by force the Government of the United States, or to levy war against them, or to oppose by force the authority thereof, or by force to prevent, hinder, or delay the execution of any law of the United States, or by force to seize, take, or possess any property of the United States contrary to the authority thereof, they shall each be fined under this title or imprisoned not more than twenty years, or both.
(June 25, 1948, ch. 645, 62 Stat. 808; July 24, 1956, ch. 678, § 1, 70 Stat. 623; Pub. L. 103–322, title XXXIII, § 330016(1)(N), Sept. 13, 1994, 108 Stat. 2148.)


You and the fellow poster are more than welcome to give it a whirl. See how it works out for ya. I already know how it works out.

Good luck

Have a good day all.
Quoting 35. ekogaia:

Oh boy, the new comment system on this site has turned into a doozy. Who messed with what worked perfectly well? Yikes. Dont fix it if it aint broke, I believe you say in the US?


The Mantra of American corporate mangement is

If it ain't broke, fix it


(BTW here is the new org chart)


GISTEMP Update

February 2017 Was Second Warmest February On Record
Posted Mar. 15, 2017




February 2017 was the second warmest February in 137 years of modern record-keeping, according to a monthly analysis of global temperatures by scientists at NASA's Goddard Institute for Space Studies (GISS) in New York.

Last month was 1.1 degrees Celsius warmer than the mean February temperature from 1951-1980. The two top February temperature anomalies have occurred during the past two years.

February 2016 was the hottest on record, at 1.3 degrees Celsius warmer than the February mean temperature. February 2017's temperature was 0.20 degrees Celsius cooler than February 2016.

Global map of the GISTEMP land-ocean temperature index anomaly for February 2017, relative to the 1951-1980 average
Global map of the February 2017 LOTI (land-ocean temperature index) anomaly shows that North America and Siberia were again much warmer than the 1951-1980 base period, and that Europe was relatively warm. — View larger image
The monthly analysis by the GISS team is assembled from publicly available data acquired by about 6,300 meteorological stations around the world, ship- and buoy-based instruments measuring sea surface temperature, and Antarctic research stations.

The modern global temperature record begins around 1880 because previous observations didn't cover enough of the planet. Monthly analyses are sometimes updated when additional data becomes available, and the results are subject to change.

Related Links
For more information on NASA GISS's monthly temperature analysis, visit: data.giss.nasa.gov/gistemp.

For more information about NASA GISS, visit: www.giss.nasa.gov.

Media Contacts
Michael Cabbage, NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies, New York, N.Y., 212-678-5516, mcabbage@nasa.gov

Leslie McCarthy, NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies, New York, N.Y., 212-678-5507, leslie.m.mccarthy@nasa.gov
Looks like my hometown in Michigan didn't get off the hook from the snow either, we got a fairly late hit of snow today and it ended up closing the schools here. Fortunately, it wasn't as bad as what some inland places in the northeast got as you mentioned in this post Doc, but still, winter clearly isn't over for us yet.
Quoting 20. PensacolaDoug:

Not frequent in March tho. Technically still winter I know.


Nah, pretty common in March as well. Almost every single day up to this point in March has a record low in the 20s. The record low for 3/15 is 27 degrees.
Arctic ice levels have been at historic low levels in many regions over this recent Winter period (remember the warm air Arctic swells in December?) and here is an article from USA Today from December 2016; it seems to correlate to the research posted below:
USA TODAYPublished 8:18 a.m. ET Dec. 19, 2016 | Updated 11:32 a.m. ET Dec. 19, 2016

Major cities across northern China choked Monday under a blanket of smog so thick that industries were ordered shut down and air and ground traffic was disrupted.

At least 23 cities issued red alerts for a swath of pollution that has hovered over much of the nation since Friday, China's Xinhua news agency reported. Alerts are expected to remain in effect through Wednesday.

Hospitals set emergency procedures in motion to deal with an influx of breathing-related illnesses.

Large hospitals in the port city of Tianjin, less than 100 miles southeast of Beijing, saw a surge in asthma and other respiratory issues, China's People’s Daily reported. The pollution forced the city to close the highways and caused delays and cancellations for dozens of flights, Xinhua said.

Three more months....
Be careful; if you get rid of the EPA and go back to unbridled air pollution and other industrial pollutants, then you could end up with something like this in the US; this nicely illustrates what has happened in China when most of the world exported a large chunk of global consumer goods manufacturing to them over the past 40 years..................Just Sayin.



Quoting 2. washingtonian115:

This storm (just like this winter) has been a real nuisance! This winter is holding us hostage!


It is, to my sense, the lack of predicitibility that makes that makes for nusiaince,
Quoting 27. Patrap:

Humans need the Earth for everything.

Nature needs not Man at all.

They will be a memory, as were the Dinosaurs.

Cept in our case, our demise is our own.

And for the bloviate's to come, with your the Earth has gone thru phases before and this is one.

Heres a tip,......no where in the record of the Earth's past, did any other species dig up sequestered carbon and burn it at the rate of 400,000 tonnes of CO2 per hour, and injecting into the atmosphere 24/7/365.


Your current Gub'ment admin is stopping all paths to reducing carbon emissions and ramping up policy to do away with even reporting it.

Sedition is a criminal and impeachable offense, thankfully.

Semper Fi'







Nature needs man....
....about as much as the EPA needs Pruitt~

and talk about a self-fufilling prophecy, he's right, you know; or shall be soon: CO2 will no longer be the driving force for global warming. Instead the driving force is becoming: Dr. Pruitt himself!~
Large Sections of Australia’s Great Reef Are Now Dead, Scientists Find

“We didn’t expect to see this level of destruction to the Great Barrier Reef for another 30 years,” said Terry P. Hughes, director of a government-funded center for coral reef studies at James Cook University in Australia and the lead author of a paper on the reef that is being published Thursday as the cover article of the journal Nature. “In the north, I saw hundreds of reefs — literally two-thirds of the reefs were dying and are now dead.”

NY Timres
Low 20's here tonight in Florence, SC. Even the broccoli may take a hit. Probably going to lose my peaches and plums which bloomed at least several weeks early. Some growers are talking about a 90% loss of the SC peach crop.

Link
Quoting 24. weathermanwannabe:

And God Bless the Amish Man going through the elements with his horse in PA in the Pic above in the Blog............Beautiful up there in Amish Country.


Freaky to sit in my mom's hot tub on the sun porch in the middle of the winter in Seneca County (NY), and watch the buggies go past. The Amish school is on its own schedule, and doesn't necessarily close when Englischer schools close. Today was notable, as the local Amish school was cancelled, so my mom didn't have to play school bus for the neighbors.
WASHINGTON — President Trump’s budget blueprint for the coming fiscal year would slash the Environmental Protection Agency by 31 percent and cut State Department spending by a similar amount in a brash gesture of disdain for big government, according to congressional staff members familiar with the plan.

Link
Hell has come to breakfast
awesome shots from goes 16, of stella



Please have a safe and warm weather evening.

If you live in the South with the freeze watches and warnings, please do not forget your PETS............They will need warm shelter too overnight.
More strange coming from the oceans -

Humpback whales are gathering in huge groups, and nobody knows why
by Chuck Bednar
Although humpback whales are not typically known to be social creatures, preferring to swim alone or in small groups most of the time, experts have spotted so-called “super-groups” of the aquatic mammals during three recent research cruises, according to a new study.

Writing in the journal PLOS One, Ken Findlay of the Cape Peninsula University of Technology (CPUT) and his colleagues said that they had found 22 separate instances of between 20 and 200 whales gathering off the coast of South Africa during voyages in 2011, 2014 and 2015.



Read more at Link
Quoting 49. HaoleboySurfEC:

Low 20's here tonight in Florence, SC. Even the broccoli may take a hit. Probably going to lose my peaches and plums which bloomed at least several weeks early. Some growers are talking about a 90% loss of the SC peach crop.

Link


My peaches are blooming. It remains to be seen if they will survive 20F this morning with wind, highs below freezing with more wind, and lows near 20 tonight with a breeze but not as strong gusts.

Broccoli is more tender when it is in active growth. The same broccoli that takes 15F in winter may not take 25F in spring or mid fall. Mine BTW is in moderate growth but survived mid 20s this weekend. It's under partial ice cover now
Quoting 46. weathermanwannabe:

Be careful; if you get rid of the EPA and go back to unbridled air pollution and other industrial pollutants, then you could end up with something like this in the US; this nicely illustrates what has happened in China when most of the world exported a large chunk of global consumer goods manufacturing to them over the past 40 years..................Just Sayin.






The population explosion in India and China couldn't be a factor? Hummm











WOLFGANG RATTAY/REUTERS
Even as Scott Pruitt denies carbon dioxide’s role in fueling climate change, the NOAA has revealed that atmospheric concentrations of the greenhouse gas have been increasing at an “unprecedented” rate.


As Scott Pruitt Denies Climate Science, Atmospheric CO2 Rises At A Record Rate

“As we twiddle our thumbs, CO2 just keeps going up and up.”

By Dominique Mosbergen


Even as Scott Pruitt denies carbon dioxide’s role in fueling climate change, the NOAA has revealed that atmospheric concentrations of the greenhouse gas have been increasing at an “unprecedented” rate.
Environmental Protection Agency chief Scott Pruitt may not believe that carbon dioxide is to blame for global warming, but most scientists say the evidence is clear. And now new data shows the amount of CO2 in the atmosphere has increased at a record pace for the second year in a row.

“As we twiddle our thumbs, CO2 just keeps going up and up,” Ralph Keeling, director of the Scripps Institute for Oceanography’s carbon dioxide monitoring program, told Scientific American Tuesday. Climate scientists have long agreed that the carbon dioxide that humans pump into the atmosphere is the primary driver of climate change, he added.

Atmospheric CO2 levels measured at the Mauna Loa Baseline Atmospheric Observatory in Hawaii, the world’s marquee site for carbon dioxide monitoring, soared by a record-breaking 3 parts per million in both 2015 and 2016, according to data that the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration released on Friday.

Carbon dioxide concentrations measured at the facility hit 405.1 parts per million last year, the agency said, adding that similar observations had been recorded at dozens of other sites all over the world.

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Carbon dioxide (#CO2) levels rose at record pace for 2nd straight year at Mauna Loa Observatory: http://www.noaa.gov/news/carbon-dioxide-levels-ros e-at-record-pace-for-2nd-straight-year … via @NOAAResearch
12:55 PM - 10 Mar 2017
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Pieter Tans, lead scientist at NOAA’s Global Greenhouse Gas Reference Network, said that carbon dioxide concentrations in the atmosphere have increased at least 2 parts per million for the five consecutive years ― an “unprecedented” growth rate.

“The rate of CO2 growth over the last decade is 100 to 200 times faster than what the Earth experienced during the transition from the last ice age,” Tans said in a statement. “This is a real shock to the atmosphere.”

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Carbon dioxide is rising so fast, it's "a real shock to the atmosphere" (and the planet) http://buff.ly/2mq14wn
11:04 PM - 14 Mar 2017
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In 2013, Mauna Loa Observatory scientists announced that atmospheric levels of carbon dioxide had reached a daily average above 400 parts per million for the first time in history. CO2 concentrations “haven’t been this high in millions of years,” said scientist Erika Podest at the time. “This milestone is a wake-up call.”

Two years later, the world reached another grim benchmark. NOAA said the monthly global average concentration of CO2 had surpassed 400 parts per million for the first time. A year after that, scientists said global CO2 levels would likely not fall below 400 parts per million — perhaps ever again.

“I think we’re essentially over for good,” Keeling said in May 2016.


SANDY HUFFAKER/GETTY IMAGES
Protesters chant during a rally against climate change in San Diego, California, on Feb. 21, 2017.
In the 10,000 years or so before the Industrial Revolution, atmospheric carbon dioxide levels had averaged about 280 parts per million. Since then, however, the concentration of CO2 has skyrocketed, ballooning from about 300 parts per million in 1960 to the current astronomical level.

And the upward trend is showing no signs of slowing. Scientists say 410 parts per million could be reached later this month, a concentration never before witnessed in human history.

“The momentum we’re seeing right now, going upwards, I think is going to easily carry us through 450 parts per million,” Keeling told the The Huffington Post in an earlier interview. “And then I would say even stabilizing before 500 parts per million is probably not going to be very easy.”

Since carbon dioxide stays in the atmosphere for hundreds, even thousands of years, even a fairly stable rate of carbon emissions ― which is what we’ve seen over the past three years ― would still result in an ever-burgeoning concentration of it in the atmosphere.

In fact, even if emissions somehow plummeted to zero tomorrow, it would still take many years for the amount of CO2 in the atmosphere to start tapering.

“At best [in that scenario], one might expect a balance in the near term and so CO2 levels probably wouldn’t change much — but would start to fall off in a decade or so,” Gavin Schmidt, NASA’s chief climate scientist, told Climate Central last year.

And this is the best-case scenario. Though carbon emissions have been relatively flat in recent years, people are still spewing enormous amounts of it into the atmosphere every year. In 2014, an estimated 35.7 billion tons carbon dioxide was released by the burning of fossil fuels alone.


BLOOMBERG/GETTY IMAGES
EPA chief Scott Pruitt said this month that he “would not agree” that carbon dioxide is a primary contributor to global warming.
Since the Industrial Revolution, carbon dioxide already released into the atmosphere has caused an average global temperature increase of about 1.8 degrees Fahrenheit ― a shift that’s led to record temperatures, melting ice sheets, extreme weather events and other significant impacts.

At current rates of warming, scientists have predicted that global temperatures could rise by up to 10 degrees Fahrenheit (or 6 degrees Celsius) over the next century. By signing last year’s landmark Paris Agreement, however, more than 190 countries vowed to cut their carbon output so as to keep global warming “to well below” 3.6 degrees Fahrenheit (2 degrees Celsius).

But President Donald Trump and his administration have shown reluctance ― and even hostility ― toward the global consensus. Trump has called climate change a “hoax” and “bullshit,” and said he wants to pull the U.S. out of the global climate agreement. He’s also expected to soon sign an executive order, seeking to repeal the historic Clean Power Plan regulation that former President Barack Obama’s administration issued, which restricts greenhouse gas emissions from power plants.

Last week, Pruitt prompted a furore in the scientific community and among many in the American public when he claimed that carbon dioxide released by humans is not definitively the primary contributor to climate change.

“I think that measuring with precision human activity on the climate is something very challenging to do and there’s tremendous disagreement about the degree of impact, so no, I would not agree that it’s a primary contributor to the global warming that we see,” the EPA chief told CNBC. “We need to continue the debate and continue the review and the analysis.”

The phones in Pruitt’s office were reportedly “ringing off the hook” following these comments, as hundreds of people called in to express their outrage.

Pruitt, whose close ties to the fossil fuel industry are well-documented, was also the target of a letter that a group of 30 climate scientists wrote this week that lambasted his comments.

“Just as there is no escaping gravity when one steps off a cliff, there is no escaping the warming that follows when we add extra carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases to the atmosphere,” said the letter, signed by researchers from Harvard University, Stanford University, Princeton University, and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, among others.

“[If] we continue to increase the atmospheric levels of greenhouse gases, the Earth will continue to heat up, with serious consequences for economies and ecosystems across the globe,” the scientists added.

15 Years of GRACE Earth Observations

Published on March 15, 2017

For 15 years, the GRACE mission has unlocked mysteries of how water moves around our planet. It gave us the first view of underground aquifers from space, and shows how fast polar ice sheets and mountain glaciers are melting.

See also: GRACE mission: 15 years of watching water on Earth

I find it rather ironic that the maple tree farmers, and the peach farmers are getting creamed by the start of this growing season. This false Spring.

The salad bowl of Europe got hit again ,

The rain in Spain falls mainly in one day! Popular tourist spot Alicante is hit by worst floods in 20 years after six months' of rain falls in 24 HOURS

Just an hour away, in Murica, freak weather early in the agricultural year has ruined crops.
The southern region of Murcia, where most Spanish lettuce grown for export is cultivated, suffered the worst floods in two decades followed by its first snow storm in over 30 years in December and January.


Read more: The Daily Fail


Half of the average annual rainfall fell in Alicante in just one day as more than 150litres of water per square metre hit the area.

I love this way of measuring rainfall , I have no clue what it means . But it sounds good.

This will likely come as a surprise to a lot of people. People need to start looking at the big picture.

Countries Ranked by Air Pollution
Link
I wonder if snow is accumulating in under the central New Jersey band.

Quoting 62. Sfloridacat5:

This will likely come as a surprise to a lot of people. People need to start looking at the big picture.

Countries Ranked by Air Pollution
Link



Now why would you think people on this blog would think this list is a surprise? (nevermind likely)
Quoting 62. Sfloridacat5:

This will likely come as a surprise to a lot of people. People need to start looking at the big picture.

Countries Ranked by Air Pollution
Link



Your site says Mongolia & Botswana are the 2 greatest offenders on Earth. If you believe that, I've got a condo in Allepo I'd like to sell you.
Quoting 61. RobertWC:

(snip)
The rain in Spain falls mainly in one day! Popular tourist spot Alicante is hit by worst floods in 20 years after six months' of rain falls in 24 HOURS

Just an hour away, in Murica, freak weather early in the agricultural year has ruined crops.
The southern region of Murcia, where most Spanish lettuce grown for export is cultivated, suffered the worst floods in two decades followed by its first snow storm in over 30 years in December and January.


Read more: The Daily Fail


Half of the average annual rainfall fell in Alicante in just one day as more than 150litres of water per square metre hit the area.

I love this way of measuring rainfall , I have no clue what it means . But it sounds good.


If I did it right, 150 liters per square meter is 150,000 ccs on 10,000 square centimeters, so 15 centimeters of water per square meter, or about 6 inches. Lotta rain!
Quoting 62. Sfloridacat5:

This will likely come as a surprise to a lot of people. People need to start looking at the big picture.[...]

For Astrometeor - and he knows why:

Old English word of the day: wæferness - public exhibition, display, show. Pronounced "wav-air-ness".
National weather service is a complete joke,
I've been a trained spotter for the New York office for the past 20 years, I live in southeastern CT New London county .
For some reason this past storm they wont post any of my, or my fellow spotters snow totals in this region. Link
I've email with no response from the office. Snow total maps were bumped up by them to correct their major forecast failure in my area. Forecast was 12-18" They claimed i have 8-12" when i actually received 2.7".
Loss of work to the region, businesses closed people, freaking out over cold rain storm.
I wish I could be this wrong at my job and still be considered a top performer !
News
Link
Link
Quoting 65. RobertWC:



Your site says Mongolia & Botswana are the 2 greatest offenders on Earth. If you believe that, I've got a condo in Allepo I'd like to sell you.


It is an average rank, not total pollution. Plain old dust plays a huge factor in these ranks.
Quoting 66. CaneFreeCR:

If I did it right, 150 liters per square meter is 150,000 ccs on 10,000 square centimeters, so 15 centimeters of water per square meter, or about 6 inches. Lotta rain!


Nice work CaneFree, that was what I was guessing, going on the images.
Quoting 70. wartsttocs:



It is an average rank, not total pollution. Plain old dust plays a huge factor in these ranks.

Yup, these are annual means of PM10, excludes gaseous air pollution, for example NO2. I found a quick explainer there:
What is particulate matter (PM)? Where does it come from?
Quoting 69. NewEnglandExpress:

National weather service is a complete joke,
I've been a trained spotter for the New York office for the past 20 years, I live in southeastern CT New London county .
For some reason this past storm they wont post any of my, or my fellow spotters snow totals in this region. Link
I've email with no response from the office. Snow total maps were bumped up by them to correct their major forecast failure in my area. Forecast was 12-18" They claimed i have 8-12" when i actually received 2.7".
Loss of work to the region, businesses closed people, freaking out over cold rain storm.
I wish I could be this wrong at my job and still be considered a top performer !

Those aren't official observations posted there as it says in the little paragraph that's above the storm reports. Here's what it says
THE FOLLOWING ARE UNOFFICIAL OBSERVATIONS TAKEN DURING THE PAST 22
HOURS FOR THE STORM THAT HAS BEEN AFFECTING OUR REGION. APPRECIATION
IS EXTENDED TO HIGHWAY DEPARTMENTS...COOPERATIVE OBSERVERS...SKYWARN
SPOTTERS AND MEDIA FOR THESE REPORTS. THIS SUMMARY IS ALSO AVAILABLE
ON OUR HOME PAGE AT WEATHER.GOV/NYC
Quoting 72. 999Ai2016:


Yup, these are annual means of PM10, excludes gaseous air pollution, for example NO2. An explanation there:
What is particulate matter (PM)? Where does it come from?


Countries in/near deserts rank really high on the list, naturally. I am waiting to hear why this should be a surprise. On that note, what is meant by the term "big picture" in the context of the subject of a list of average PM10 by country?
Quoting 70. wartsttocs:



It is an average rank, not total pollution. Plain old dust plays a huge factor in these ranks.


Nope, it's a ranking of indoor air pollution. The 2 leading offenders both burn dung for cooking fuel. It's a perfect inversion , of modernity.

Mongolia & Botswana are not driving SUV's to work. They are not refining oil. They are in wood scare lands where people gather dung to cook with . And if one bares this in mind the list makes perfect sense, at first, but the rest of the list sinkings like a dead carp.

Wow
Skip to min 10:30 youtube
Did anyone see this live! Must need some votes.
Link
Quoting 75. RobertWC:



it's a ranking of indoor air pollution.




I didn't see the indoor part, the webpage isn't very specific. I did see average PM10 and a lot of desert dominated countries. I wonder what the "surprise" thing and "big picture" thing on the original comment was about. hmmm....
From Forbes:


The First Climate Model Turns 50, And Predicted Global Warming Almost Perfectly
Modeling the Earth's climate is one of the most daunting, complicated tasks out there. If only we were more like the Moon, things would be easy. The Moon has no atmosphere, no oceans, no icecaps, no seasons, and no complicated flora and fauna to get in the way of simple radiative physics. No wonder it's so challenging to model! In fact, if you google "climate models wrong", eight of the first ten results showcase failure. But headlines are never as reliable as going to the scientific source itself, and the ultimate source, in this case, is the first accurate climate model ever: by Syukuro Manabe and Richard T. Wetherald. 50 years after their groundbreaking 1967 paper, the science can be robustly evaluated, and they got almost everything exactly right.
Wow. This frozen slurpy stuff is so hard to remove that my township in Eastern Montgomery County, PA, extended the deadline to get sidewalks cleared from 24 hours to 96 hours. People are using pickaxes to try and break it up. I can hear my neighbor banging away at it with a garden shovel.
Look at These Sweet Bald Eagles Protecting Their Eggs From the Snow

At the U.S. National Arboretum, both eagle parents settled on their nest to warm their eggs, and each other, through the cold, icy night. Photograph from March 14, 2017

Hey all. I understand that so many of yall are upset concerning what is going on in our administration. However, instead of "preaching to the choir," why don't yall set an example and do something to help the environment. You could plant a couple trees and post them on here and maybe others will follow. You could also try and go solar to reduce work loads on nuclear plants. Etc.
There are lots of ideas, but instead of constantly grumbling, go out and do something. I mean this in the kindest way possible, truly. :-)
Air pollution has legs , the carbon from James Watt's little experiment still has a few Co2 molecules floating around. We all understand this . His soot fell out on England a long time ago. But those little Co2 molecules. Their up there with the Beach Boys exhaust pipes, Hitler's invasion of Poland. And my trip to the supermarket.

All of which is rather interesting. We are introducing a huge range of stored carbon atoms, over hundreds of millions of years , in the blink of an eye. So chain saws can cut the last great forests.

While the very rich , demand ever lower taxes.

If we make "America Great Again
, it will last for about 20 min. Don't blink, you'll miss it.
Quoting 80. AGWcreationists:

Wow. This frozen slurpy stuff is so hard to remove that my township in Eastern Montgomery County, PA, extended the deadline to get sidewalks cleared from 24 hours to 96 hours. People are using pickaxes to try and break it up. I can hear my neighbor banging away at it with a garden shovel.
Quoting 45. washingtonian115:

Three more months....

Can't wait to track.
I went and looked ............

The March for Science

SATELLITE MARCHES

Link

Quoting 82. Newswatcher:

Hey all. I understand that so many of yall are upset concerning what is going on in our administration. However, instead of "preaching to the choir," why don't yall set an example and do something to help the environment. You could plant a couple trees and post them on here and maybe others will follow. You could also try and go solar to reduce work loads on nuclear plants. Etc.
There are lots of ideas, but instead of constantly grumbling, go out and do something. I mean this in the kindest way possible, truly. :-)

Commentors on this blog have given many examples of things they are doing to make a difference: Solar power, riding bicycles, walking, foregoing a/c or heater use, small-scale organic gardening, etc. Also, they're not just "preaching to the choir", as many visitors to the blog apparently need an education on variables affecting climate and weather.
The map looks good. Get on board.
Quoting 82. Newswatcher:

Hey all. I understand that so many of yall are upset concerning what is going on in our administration. However, instead of "preaching to the choir," why don't yall set an example and do something to help the environment. You could plant a couple trees and post them on here and maybe others will follow. You could also try and go solar to reduce work loads on nuclear plants. Etc.
There are lots of ideas, but instead of constantly grumbling, go out and do something. I mean this in the kindest way possible, truly. :-)


Or better yet, all the people who voted these 1% loving, environment hating, lie about everything charlatans into office could perhaps inform themselves on the facts. And maybe next time we can not elect people who are now rushing to dismember our entire government and every protection for the good of only the super rich. Howboutdah?
Quoting 80. AGWcreationists:

Wow. This frozen slurpy stuff is so hard to remove that my township in Eastern Montgomery County, PA, extended the deadline to get sidewalks cleared from 24 hours to 96 hours. People are using pickaxes to try and break it up. I can hear my neighbor banging away at it with a garden shovel.


They must be masochists then. While it was heavy (I live in NW Philly) the sleet was not that hard to shovel away later Tuesday afternoon before it froze solid as one might expect with lows in the 20s and below. Little sympathy for them. More for the folks whose streets didn't get plowed and now have to drive on them to get to work, hoping they don't slide uncontrollably into another car.
Quoting 87. oldnewmex:


Commentors on this blog have given many examples of things they are doing to make a difference: Solar power, riding bicycles, walking, foregoing a/c or heater use, small-scale organic gardening, etc. Also, they're not just "preaching to the choir", as many visitors to the blog apparently need an education on variables affecting climate and weather.


Amen, we all are rethinking our worlds. And this is a new world . How can I drive down my footprint ? K
Late night hello: NWS getting slammed ...
Weather Service made poor decision in overplaying Nor’easter snow predictions
WaPo, by Jason Samenow March 15 at 3:15 PM
The afternoon before the blizzard predicted for New York City fizzled out, the National Weather Service knew the storm might not produce the epic snow amounts it had forecast. But because it didn’t want to “confuse” the public, it decided to continue emphasizing the worst-case scenario.
This was a well-intentioned but flawed decision that has the potential to damage public trust in weather forecasts. ...
Quoting 62. Sfloridacat5:

This will likely come as a surprise to a lot of people. People need to start looking at the big picture.

Countries Ranked by Air Pollution
Link


PM10 measure is great, but I look for PM2.5 measure as a better indicator of relative health of air, as well as ozone and NO2. I'm not sure what you mean by "the big picture", but if you are implying that the Clean Air Act or EPA are not important because Mongolia and Botswana are dustier, I respectfully disagree. Look, rather, to India or eastern China as current-day examples of air quality with unmitigated production/pollution.
Quoting 85. Climate175:

Can't wait to track.
soon maybe mid may this year early may for epac
Quoting 95. Newswatcher:



I understand that. Addressing the issue once in a while is okay, but when it is every single blog, doesn't that get a little repetitive? Also, why the whole "Woe is us, humanity is doomed for?" I am a firm believer that God (yes I am bringing religion on here) knew Trump was going to be elected and that He has a plan and a purpose. It is not our job to question His (I mean God's) authority. I also believe when the earth was created He gave us the resources to be able to sustain a planet of 7+ billion. It is our job to take care of His creation.
Yes, I may disagree with certain issues concerning our administration, but I do what I can to help tend to the creation and ask others to do so as well.


God put Pharaoh in place too along with Hitler and a long line of evil rulers. As Proverbs 28:15 speaks to. As a roaring lion, and a ranging bear; so is a wicked ruler over the poor people. There is not one thing going on in the White House nor Congress that represents what the Word commands. Very much the opposite. Mass group think in our religious houses has set us up to serve the wrong masters.
Quoting 91. rod2635:



They must be masochists then. While it was heavy (I live in NW Philly) the sleet was not that hard to shovel away later Tuesday afternoon before it froze solid as one might expect with lows in the 20s and below. Little sympathy for them. More for the folks whose streets didn't get plowed and now have to drive on them to get to work, hoping they don't slide uncontrollably into another car.

Not everyone could shovel before dark Tuesday night. Some came home from work and had to deal with the frozen slurpee situation.
Quoting 91. rod2635:



They must be masochists then. While it was heavy (I live in NW Philly) the sleet was not that hard to shovel away later Tuesday afternoon before it froze solid as one might expect with lows in the 20s and below. Little sympathy for them. More for the folks whose streets didn't get plowed and now have to drive on them to get to work, hoping they don't slide uncontrollably into another car.

Not everyone could shovel before dark Tuesday night. Some came home from work and had to deal with the frozen slurpee situation.
@the 6:15 mark here, yeah Man, it kicks in real tight to today's issues Man, like,look... this aggression will not stand Man'..


There's something happening here
What it is ain't exactly clear
There's a man with a gun over there
Telling me I got to beware
I think it's time we stop, children, what's that sound
Everybody look what's going down
There's battle lines being drawn
Nobody's right if everybody's wrong
Young people speaking their minds
Getting so much resistance from behind
It's time we stop, hey, what's that sound
Everybody look what's going down
What a field-day for the heat
A thousand people in the street
Singing songs and carrying signs
Mostly say, hooray for our side
It's s time we stop, hey, what's that sound
Everybody look what's going down
Paranoia strikes deep
Into your life it will creep
It starts when you're always afraid.....,



Quoting 85. Climate175:

Can't wait to track.

I wonder if we'll see pre-season activity again this year in the Atlantic. Very small chance of something forming in April but I think May is a serious possibility. SSTs along the Gulf Stream approaching 26C.
Quoting 87. oldnewmex:


Commentors on this blog have given many examples of things they are doing to make a difference: Solar power, riding bicycles, walking, foregoing a/c or heater use, small-scale organic gardening, etc. Also, they're not just "preaching to the choir", as many visitors to the blog apparently need an education on variables affecting climate and weather.


The #1 thing that we all can do to help mitigate the warming of the global climate is to refuse to vote for any public policy maker that denies that it is happening or will say that it is not us doing it.
two hours lost in the black hole of ephemeral pointlessness?
Image of island underwater in the Pacific.

Quoting 127. Grothar:

Image of island underwater in the Pacific.




I would hate to be the cameraman taking that shot. ;) The Great Barrier Reef is starting to look as lifeless as well.
It seems like deus ex machina around here

and I'm going to bed.
I see Trump Spokespeople splaining' stuff He say's, in my dreams,

I'm scared.

Quoting 127. Grothar:

Image of island underwater in the Pacific.




Trump’s budget calls for seismic disruption in medical and science research
"a budget that takes a sharp bite out of some programs and kills others outright. Those targeted for termination include an EPA program to clean up the Cheseapeake Bay, the accident-investigating Chemical Safety Board, and a NASA satellite program (long ago known as the GoreSat, after the idea was promoted by then-Vice President Al Gore) that monitors solar storms and Earth’s climate."
"The blueprint does not mention the National Science Foundation, which provides more than $7 billion annually in grants. That may fall under the category of “other agencies,” which are not detailed but which the blueprint puts down for a 9.8 percent cut."
"The Department of Energy’s Office of Science would see a $900 million cut. The administration is asking for cuts to a program devoted to energy efficiency and renewable energy. Targeted for elimination is the Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy (ARPA-E), which underwrites innovations in biofuels and batteries."

Quoting 132. no1der:

Trump’s budget calls for seismic disruption in medical and science research
"a budget that takes a sharp bite out of some programs and kills others outright. Those targeted for termination include an EPA program to clean up the Cheseapeake Bay, the accident-investigating Chemical Safety Board, and a NASA satellite program (long ago known as the GoreSat, after the idea was promoted by then-Vice President Al Gore) that monitors solar storms and Earth’s climate."
"The blueprint does not mention the National Science Foundation, which provides more than $7 billion annually in grants. That may fall under the category of “other agencies,” which are not detailed but which the blueprint puts down for a 9.8 percent cut."
"The Department of Energy’s Office of Science would see a $900 million cut. The administration is asking for cuts to a program devoted to energy efficiency and renewable energy. Targeted for elimination is the Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy (ARPA-E), which underwrites innovations in biofuels and batteries."


We so also gonna dies likes from everythings meso tinks so yes?

Also just up on WaPo:
NASA budget would cut Earth science and education


"The total cut to the Earth-science budget is $102 million, or 5 percent of the program’s annual budget, and it almost exclusively targets missions aimed at understanding climate change — the ocean monitoring program PACE; the Orbiting Carbon ­Observatory-3; the Deep Space Climate Observatory; and the CLARREO Pathfinder, which measures heat in Earth’s atmosphere."
Where is Scott??



137. elioe
138. elioe
Almost a consensus.



Edit: ensembles also.

Quoting 62. Sfloridacat5:

This will likely come as a surprise to a lot of people. People need to start looking at the big picture.

Countries Ranked by Air Pollution
Link


Do you want to run and catch up to the top ten heavy polluters or improve to catch up to be number one of the non-poluters (bottom of your list). I prefer the later.
Good Morning Folks; here is the Conus forecast for today and the current look. Around 30 this morning at sunrise in Tallahassee. Surprisingly strong cold shot for this time of the year but considering what the folks have been experiencing this Winter in the Northern tier of the US, we'll take it.....................And you an see the quickly rebounding highs on the way for the Southern tier as the cold air to the North moves off to the East with warmer air behind it................Back up a high of 78 in North Florida by Saturday.


Here is some info from Science Mag on the proposed budget cuts being released this morning in terms of science issues..............Like trying to go back to the dark ages...................That's what you get when the speech last night in TN by DT focused to a large degree on assailing the mainstream media as "fake news"...............Perhaps they also want to add "fake science" to the new list of pending definitions for Websters Dictionary along with "alternate facts".............................

http://www.sciencemag.org/news/2017/03/nih- doe-office-science-face-deep-cuts-trumps-first-bud get



President Donald Trump's first budget request to Congress, to be released at 7 a.m. Thursday, will call for cutting the 2018 budget of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) by $6 billion, or nearly 20%, according to sources familiar with the proposal. The Department of Energy's (DOE's) Office of Science would lose $900 million, or nearly 20% of its $5 billion budget. The proposal also calls for deep cuts to the research programs at the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), and a 5% cut to NASA's Earth science budget. And it would eliminate DOE's roughly $300 million Advanced Research Projects Agency -Energy (ARPA-E).

There appears to be no mention, however, of the National Science Foundation (NSF) in a 62-page document outlining the proposal obtained by theWashington Post.NSF's budget request may not become clear until the White House fleshes out the details of its spending plan over the next two months.

The NIH proposal is drawing deep concern from biomedical research advocates. "A $6 billion cut to [NIH] is unacceptable to the scientific community, and should be unacceptable to the American public as well," said Benjamin Corb, public affairs director of the American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology in Rockville, Maryland, in a statement. "President Donald Trump's fiscal year 2018 spending plan erases years' worth of bipartisan support for the NIH, and the American biomedical research enterprise which has long been the global leader for biomedical innovation. Cuts this deep threaten America's ability to remain a leader. It is of grave concern to the research community that President Trump's budget proposal which would fund the agency at a 15-year low values investments in defense above all other federal expenditures."

Many Americans want smaller government and less bureaucracy at the Federal level and that is understandable at one level but Federal science agencies like NOAA, EPA and NIH provide critical research and support to States when it comes to crisis issues which impact all Americans. By way of example, NOAA (which we value on this site) includes the National Weather Service whose primary mission is to try to save lives when severe weather events threaten the Nation; part of what the EPA regulates and enforces is pollution which impacts our environment from the water that we drink to the air that we breathe. And finally, NIH is the Agency that researches and also stock piles vaccines in the case of pandemics and is on alert for National biological threats. Just last year, when we had the Zika issue threatening a portion of South Florida, the Governor as well as many people on the ground were pushing for earlier intervention, and funding from the Feds (NIH) to help address this issue/crisis..............This drastic of proposed cuts threaten American lives. I will go back to the Weather now................................
Here is the National Drought Monitor issued this morning..............Looking much better in CA but starting to get drought again in that Northern GA tri-State region:

Current U.S. Drought Monitor


spacex launched a rocket late night. it had a more south trajectory than most. looked to be a success
You folks seem to stray from the topic, record snowfall!

Jeez, 80% of posts are political or climate hysteria related.

12 inches of Stella in my drive, monster snowbanks and frozen river in town.

Temp 13 F at car startup 06:30.
Yesterday's Extremes
State Highs
70 °F North Conway
28 °F Rochester
28 °F Concord
28 °F Portsmouth
28 °F Nashua

State Lows

-2 °F Mt. Washington
9 °F Lebanon
12 °F Jaffrey
12 °F Keene
12 °F Whitefield

Here's an interesting data capture from WU for Conway NH
70 F in North Conway? Anyone want to bet this data point was used in NOAA data!

I am always amazed when either of my vehicles show -2 F on Jan 9th 2017
the recorded low temp is 7 or 8 F, very strange that the local thermometers in town and my vehicles
don't seem to match the official temp???? Hmmm? Must be faulty equipment used at Nissan and Mitsubishi to fudge emission results, Right..... except the local hardware store probably has Johnson Controls, they might be in on it too?
Sun up, time to fire up the snowblower again.
Quoting 16. RobertWC:

Let’s be Very Clear — 100 Percent (or More) of Recent Warming was Caused By Humans
“We actually have high confidence that the warming that is happening now is not natural cycle. If anything, over the past few decades, nature has tried to cool us off a little bit… The sun has dimmed just a little bit. We have blocked the sun with particles from our smokestacks just a little bit. And yet it has warmed. If you were to ask how much of the warming that we see recently has been caused by our greenhouse gasses, it’s a little more than all of it (emphasis added).” — Dr Richard Alley

Link



Looks like NPR might disagree with your assessment, but then they are subject to some severe bias
of there own.

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2017/03/14 /520104348/natural-environmental-swings-cause-up-t o-half-of-arctic-sea-ice-loss?utm_medium=RSS&utm_c ampaign=environment

Got hot and cold long before, as it will again.



https://commons.wvc.edu/rdawes/g101ocl/labs/Vosto kIceCoreGraph1.jpg


09:00 temp 19 F, crunchy powder snow. Sunny high clouds, glacier sunglasses recommended due to reflective effects of all that snow.


Hi over there. With so many bleak news for environment, climate and research around, here at least something positive:

'Billion tree tsunami' surges across northern Pakistan
by Rina Saeed Khan | Thomson Reuters Foundation, Thursday, 16 March 2017 00:20 GMT
Years of tree felling reduced Pakistan's forests to under 2 percent of its land area. A planting project backed by cricketer-turned-politician Imran Khan aims to turn around deforestation. ...


A view of a government-run tree nursery in Haripur, in Pakistan's Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province. TRF/Rina Saeed Khan
Quoting 149. iceagecoming:

Yesterday's Extremes
State Highs
70 °F North Conway
28 °F Rochester
28 °F Concord
28 °F Portsmouth
28 °F Nashua

State Lows

-2 °F Mt. Washington
9 °F Lebanon
12 °F Jaffrey
12 °F Keene
12 °F Whitefield

Here's an interesting data capture from WU for Conway NH
70 F in North Conway? Anyone want to bet this data point was used in NOAA data!

I am always amazed when either of my vehicles show -2 F on Jan 9th 2017
the recorded low temp is 7 or 8 F, very strange that the local thermometers in town and my vehicles
don't seem to match the official temp???? Hmmm? Must be faulty equipment used at Nissan and Mitsubishi to fudge emission results, Right..... except the local hardware store probably has Johnson Controls, they might be in on it too?
Sun up, time to fire up the snowblower again.


Official readings are taken four to six feet above the surface which is warmer than the surface on calm clear nights. Valleys and flat depressions will be much colder than official stations. That 70F would be rejected by any assimilation scheme. Surface observations do have a warm bias with time because of urbanization but radiosondes, satellite soundings and other data sources also show warming apart from urban locations. Global temperature averages and ice coverage are two different metrics and ice coverage does have a large cyclic component because of changes in ocean circulation. The two metrics are not in conflict. Most of the terms in the global heat balance equation point to slight cooling with IR emissions from greenhouse gases offsetting this.


Stress on the Great Barrier Reef
NASA Earth Observatory, March 16, 2017
The map above, based on data from NOAA's Coral Reef Watch, shows areas with varying levels of heat stress. The amount of heat stress is an indicator of bleaching and its potential intensity. This map shows the maximum stress reached during the seven-day period from February 21-27, 2017. Tan indicates a bleaching watch, meaning that the area may have been exposed to heat stress. Orange indicates a bleaching warning, meaning that bleaching is possible. Red indicates a bleaching alert level 1 (bleaching is likely), and dark red indicates alert level 2 (mortality is likely). ...
Germany to push for carbon price at G20
BBC, By Roger Harrabin BBC environment analyst, 1 hour ago
Germany will use its G20 Presidency to nudge world leaders towards a global price on carbon, according to its director general of energy policy.
Thorsten Herdan told BBC News that the world can’t stabilise CO2 emissions without making polluters pay.
Mr Herdan, of the Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy, said if renewables got cheaper still, the market would respond by dropping the coal price more.
Some of President Trump’s advisers have argued that any carbon price should be fixed at zero to reflect the benefits of fossil fuels.
But German Chancellor Angela Merkel is expected to try to persuade President Trump that the world is moving towards clean energy. ...


Good luck to our Angie! She'll certainly need it a lot.
Quoting 152. georgevandenberghe:



Official readings are taken four to six feet above the surface which is warmer than the surface on calm clear nights. Valleys and flat depressions will be much colder than official stations. That 70F would be rejected by any assimilation scheme. Surface observations do have a warm bias with time because of urbanization but radiosondes, satellite soundings and other data sources also show warming apart from urban locations. Global temperature averages and ice coverage are two different metrics and ice coverage does have a large cyclic component because of changes in ocean circulation. The two metrics are not in conflict. Most of the terms in the global heat balance equation point to slight cooling with IR emissions from greenhouse gases offsetting this.


You blinded Him with Science!

Quoting 130. Patrap:

I see Trump Spokespeople splaining' stuff He say's, in my dreams,

I'm scared.




I keep hoping I'll wake up on November ninth and the past four months will have been an alt-real dream.
Figure 5 of this blog is spectacular and real at the same time. If no electricity, and, of course, gas, what would u move with!?
On an ENSO related note (where is Scott?), definitely looking like El Nino is trying to rear it's head downstream: that will have implications for the coming E-Pac and US Atlantic hurricane season.








Deleted.. mistake
Quoting 157. georgevandenberghe:



Alt-Dry


Not even close.

Pink Floyd.

: P
Quoting 127. Grothar:

Image of island underwater in the Pacific.




Alt-Dry
Quoting 157. georgevandenberghe:

.


If yer gonna delete instead of modify, put a sentence at least, or a image.

For the archives
Quoting 161. Patrap:



Not even close.

Pink Floyd.

: P


I got images wrong and struck my post. Which Pink Floyd?
Quoting 149. iceagecoming:

Yesterday's Extremes
State Highs
70 °F North Conway
28 °F Rochester

Sun up, time to fire up the snowblower again.

A climate denialist has trolled or is trying to break some record for facile. Record high temperatures outweighing record low temperatures worldwide are now completely wrong I say!
Quoting 152. georgevandenberghe:



Official readings are taken four to six feet above the surface which is warmer than the surface on calm clear nights. Valleys and flat depressions will be much colder than official stations. That 70F would be rejected by any assimilation scheme. Surface observations do have a warm bias with time because of urbanization but radiosondes, satellite soundings and other data sources also show warming apart from urban locations. Global temperature averages and ice coverage are two different metrics and ice coverage does have a large cyclic component because of changes in ocean circulation. The two metrics are not in conflict. Most of the terms in the global heat balance equation point to slight cooling with IR emissions from greenhouse gases offsetting this.


The part that I highlighted is true, but the BEST study revealed that areas influenced by the UHI warming are also warming at the same rate as surrounding areas that have not been urbanized.

Berkeley Earth: CLIMATE SCIENCE + STRATEGIC ANALYSIS


Berkeley Earth: Summary of Findings

This study was headed by Richard Muller. He is a former skeptic of the surface temperature data and of the rate of warming that was happening.

Climategate 'hide the decline' explained by Berkeley professor Richard A. Muller

Richard Muller - I Was Wrong On Global Warming, But It Didn't Convince The 'Sceptics'

Climate Skeptic Richard Muller Admits Global Warming is Real and Humans are the Cause

Richard Muller set out to show that the surface temperature data was wrong by overstating how much warming was occurring. The BEST study was partially funded by the Koch brothers. Anthony Watts vowed to stand by what the BEST study would reveal. Anthony Watts blasted Muller for the conclusions that the study revealed and has never stood by the findings of the study. The Koch brothers? While they will rightfully claim that they are not scientists they also never mention this study when they are asked about climate change. A study that they helped to fund.
Wooosh!

16.03.2017: Snow covered the train tracks at the Rhinecliff Station in New York.
Bystanders waited for the train to pass by, but it didn't slow down enough and caused a wave of snow to splash them.
Woman emerges from Peru mudslide
BBC video, 56 minutes ago
Evangelina Chamorro Diaz, 32, struggled free from a whirlpool of mud on the outskirts of Lima.

Mount Etna: BBC crew caught up in volcano blast
BBC, 25 minutes ago
A BBC team and a number of tourists have suffered minor injuries after being caught up in an incident on the erupting volcano Mount Etna in Sicily. ... The lava had mixed with some snow, causing a small explosion and then a larger one. Members of the group ran away, trying to reach the safety of a snow mobile ...
JeffMasters has created a new entry.