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Early Winter Weather Brings Snow Cover to 50% of U.S.

By: Dr. Jeff Masters, 4:14 PM GMT on November 17, 2014

The winter of 2014 - 2015 is off to an early start over the continental U.S., where snow covered 50% of the nation as of November 17, 2014. This is an unusually high percentage for mid-November; over the past ten years, the percentage of the continental U.S covered by snow on November 17 has ranged from 4% - 20%. Most of this year’s November snow cover is going to stick around this week, as a renewed Arctic blast will keep temperatures 10 - 30°F below average through Friday for most of the nation. Temperatures will not moderate to near average levels until next Sunday. Extremely cold air flowing over the waters of the Great Lakes will create an epic lake effect snow storm today through Wednesday, particularly in the lees of Lake Erie and Lake Ontario, where the west-southwesterly winds of the storm will align with the long axis of these lakes, allowing the air to pick up large amounts of moisture from the unfrozen water. A Lake Effect Snow Warning is in effect for Buffalo, New York, where almost two feet of snow is expected to pile up by Wednesday afternoon. Southwest winds of 20 to 30 mph with gusts to 45 mph blowing off of Lake Erie are expected late Monday night through Tuesday night, and may create blizzard conditions with visibilities near zero. Blizzard conditions are uncommon in lake effect snow storms, and this week’s storm will likely be one of the worst lake effect snow storms for Buffalo in the past five years. Up to three feet of snow is expected in the lee of Lake Ontario near Watertown, New York. Lesser snow amounts are expected in the lees of the other Great Lakes, where the wind will not be blowing over such long stretches of open water. Up to 18” of snow is expected in the lee of Lake Michigan in northern Lower Michigan near Bellaire, and in the lee of Lake Superior near Pictured Rocks National Lakeshore.


Figure 1. U.S. snow cover as of 1 am EST November 17, 2014 showed 50% of the lower 48 states were covered by snow. Image credit: NWS NOHRSC (thanks to TWC’s Tom Moore for providing the graphic.)


Figure 2. Snowfall forecast for this week's lake effect snow storm. Over 2' of snow is expected in the lee of Lake Erie just south Buffalo, and in the lee of Lake Ontario near Watertown. Image credit: NWS Buffalo.

Jeff Masters
Snowy fall morning
Snowy fall morning
First coating of snow
November snow
November snow
The first blanket of snow fell overnight into this morning, making for pretty scenes.
Celestial Magic
Celestial Magic
The others in this series were yesterday early morning, (after midnight) this is late last night. At times, they encompassed the entire sky.

Winter Weather

The views of the author are his/her own and do not necessarily represent the position of The Weather Company or its parent, IBM.

Reader Comments

This Sunday, Nov. 23rd
Warm weather will be setup across the South/Southeast part of the U.S.

Strong storms could break out across the Gulf Coast this weekend.


Quoting Naga5000:


So there is no climate change because Australia's private energy sector dislikes taxes?

Edit: Every major scientific organization in Australia, and the world for that matter, supports the statement that the planet is warming and it is primarily due to man made GHG's. The cool thing about empirical science is that it doesn't require the private sector's or Australia's Prime Minister's input to be right or wrong.



I dislike the alliances between giant corporations and big government as much as the next common man. For the most part, the regulations that come about from these alliances choke off start-ups that might have marketable solutions. This particular problem is acute here in the USA. It's called "crony-capitalism" and it's pretty much out of control.

Nothing can totally replace the use of fossil-fuels today.

However, the future looks promising for nuclear fusion...and if we can solve the problems with batteries...then the combination of fusion reactors supplying electricity and rechargeable automobiles would be frankly awesome.

After that, technological leaps will have to be made in the area of plastics, aircraft, and other important systems reliant on fossil-fuels.

Crony capitalism tends to subvert start-up inventiveness. I suggest fixing government first. That will have the biggest impact on creative endeavors regarding energy.
it will be interesting to see as the story changes how folks who just "want" global warming" to be real
have to change their tune and give up some of the hard line. The future will make the debate a lot more cloudy so best be skeptical of absolutes. This is just common sense. I would not like to be a hard liner during the next 10 years of data
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE BUFFALO NY
939 AM EST TUE NOV 18 2014

NYZ010>012-085-182245-
/O.CON.KBUF.LE.W.0011.000000T0000Z-141119T1800Z/
/O.CON.KBUF.LE.A.0009.141120T0600Z-141121T0900Z/
NORTHERN ERIE-GENESEE-WYOMING-SOUTHERN ERIE-
WOW


INCLUDING THE CITIES OF...BUFFALO...BATAVIA...WARSAW...
ORCHARD PARK...SPRINGVILLE
939 AM EST TUE NOV 18 2014

...LAKE EFFECT SNOW WARNING REMAINS IN EFFECT UNTIL 1 PM EST
WEDNESDAY...
...LAKE EFFECT SNOW WATCH REMAINS IN EFFECT FROM LATE WEDNESDAY
NIGHT THROUGH LATE THURSDAY NIGHT...

* LOCATIONS...ERIE...GENESEE...AND WYOMING COUNTIES INCLUDING THE
BUFFALO METRO AREA. NORTHERN EXTENT OF THE SNOW BAND FROM
ROUGHLY A LINE FROM DOWNTOWN BUFFALO TO DEPEW AND BATAVIA.

* TIMING...WARNING THROUGH MIDDAY WEDNESDAY. WATCH FROM LATE
WEDNESDAY NIGHT THROUGH LATE THURSDAY NIGHT.

* ACCUMULATIONS...SNOWFALL RATES OF 3 TO 5 INCHES PER HOUR IN THE
MOST INTENSE PORTION OF THE BAND. THIS WILL BRING STORM TOTALS
TO 5 TO 6 FEET IN THE MOST PERSISTENT SNOWS.

* WINDS...SOUTHWEST 20 TO 30 MPH WITH GUSTS TO 40 MPH PRODUCING
LOCALIZED BLIZZARD CONDITIONS AT TIMES WITH SIGNIFICANT BLOWING
AND DRIFTING SNOW.

* VISIBILITIES...NEAR ZERO AT TIMES.

* IMPACTS...INTENSE LAKE EFFECT SNOW AND BLOWING SNOW WILL RESULT
IN VERY DIFFICULT OR NEARLY IMPOSSIBLE TRAVEL AT TIMES WITHIN
THE MOST INTENSE PORTION OF THE BAND. EXPECT WIDESPREAD ROAD
CLOSURES. TRAVEL WILL BE IMPOSSIBLE WITHIN THE BAND. IF YOU
MUST TRAVEL BE PREPARED FOR SEVERE WINTER DRIVING CONDITIONS
WITH NEAR ZERO VISIBILITY AND DEEP SNOW COVER ON ROADS. THIS
INCLUDES THE NEW YORK STATE THRUWAY FROM SILVER CREEK TO
BATAVIA.
Quoting 499. 69Viking:




Just the Southern half, still nice and sparse in the NW Panhandle!


I said something similar when I moved to Miami in 1963. Give it another decade and you will see the changes that will come to that area.......unfortunately!
Didn't quite make single digits at local PWS, but sure it was in rural areas. StL was expecting to set new low, not sure if made it or not. 17 w/ a 8 dew pt, press on way back up, 30.27", brisk WSW winds in teens give us near 0 wind chills in S C IL. 50s and rain by weekend, w/ the couple of inches of snow on ground should make for a sloppy mess for shotgun season. Better get one Fri.
after a early cold start to the cooler season i have now come to the conclusion the heart of winter is going to be quite mild. why? the snook bite has been slow this yr
Quoting 69Viking:



Just the Southern half, still nice and sparse in the NW Panhandle!


I need to check Google Earth and see what that bright light is along Alligator Alley in the middle of the Everglades.

510. jpsb
Quoting 477. JNFlori30A:

This is 'science', 'Belief' has no bearing on the conversation...


Science, real science, is mostly about proving things lots of people believe untrue. The father of science Aristotle said heavy things fall faster then light things and people believed that for almost 2,000 years until Gallo "proved" otherwise at the Leaning Tower of Pisa. The science is never settled. His name escapes me at the moment but a great 19th century scientist claimed just about everything that could be discovered has been discovered and there was very little left to learn about the workings of our universe. Newtonian physics explains everything. Lol, and the coal that fuels the Sun was not going to last much longer.

Quoting 437. Sfloridacat5:

Easy to see why the live shot from Erie has been lacking snowfall.
Snow-band is currently setup just north of Erie.
Get in the van and move the live show a few miles to the northeast and their problem would be solved.




Same in pictures. Impressive!
Quoting landocanes:
it will be interesting to see as the story changes how folks who just "want" global warming" to be real
have to change their tune and give up some of the hard line. The future will make the debate a lot more cloudy so best be skeptical of absolutes. This is just common sense. I would not like to be a hard liner during the next 10 years of data
From what I can tell, the people who just "want global warming to be real" are fossil fuel CEOs and many members of a certain political party that's fought tooth and nail to do anything to prevent it from getting worse. So from that perspective, yes, it would be a welcome sight to see them begin to grow up, accept the science, and start to move away from selfish and destructive ideologies...
Quoting Sfloridacat5:


I need to check Google Earth and see what that bright light is along Alligator Alley in the middle of the Everglades.

There are three rest areas, along with the Seminole truck stop...
Definitely looks like the large rest stop on Alligator Alley that's putting off the light.
Quoting 502. CycloneOz:



I dislike the alliances between giant corporations and big government as much as the next common man. For the most part, the regulations that come about from these alliances choke off start-ups that might have marketable solutions. This particular problem is acute here in the USA. It's called "crony-capitalism" and it's pretty much out of control.

Nothing can totally replace the use of fossil-fuels today.

However, the future looks promising for nuclear fusion...and if we can solve the problems with batteries...then the combination of fusion reactors supplying electricity and rechargeable automobiles would be frankly awesome.

After that, technological leaps will have to be made in the area of plastics, aircraft, and other important systems reliant on fossil-fuels.

Crony capitalism tends to subvert start-up inventiveness. I suggest fixing government first. That will have the biggest impact on creative endeavors regarding energy.


I don't know if you noticed, but that's just called capitalism. It's only a bad regulation if it affects my bottom line. Free market's are good if it increases my bottom line. It's not what you know, it's who you know.

Are you just figuring out the private business sector is corrupt? That capitalism isn't a moral construct and that it cares more about profit over humanity?

Either way, these abstractions have nothing to do with the scientific discourse with is inherently a-political, and has only been politicized after the fact. No paper has ever been published that has said "sea level will rise, despite the right wing's objections or in spite of private business".
Here's a summation of the science from the IPCC:

Earlier this month, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) released a major new report, summarising scientific knowledge on climate change.

It contained something of a milestone in IPCC history - a chart linking greenhouse gas concentrations to fossil fuel emissions, rising global temperatures and sea level.

That might sound fairly innocuous. But some countries argued against its inclusion. So why was a figure outlining the well-understood link between carbon dioxide and climate change contentious?

Connecting the dots

The new figure charts the growth of atmospheric greenhouse gases over the industrial period, alongside rising emissions from fossil fuels and changes in global temperature and sea levels.



Piers Forster, professor of climate science at Leeds University and co-creator of the new chart, explains what it shows:

"The global surface temperature record (Panel a) and sea-level record (Panel b) are the longest and most certain records we have that the world has been warming. Likewise, we are confident the increase in greenhouse gases (Panel c) over the industrial period is the main cause of the long-term warming we've seen. And we know the rise in greenhouse gases is driven by the increase in emissions of these gases from fossil fuels and land use (Panel d)."


Read more ...
Quoting 510. jpsb:


"The science is never settled. His name escapes me at the moment but a great 19th century scientist claimed just about everything that could be discovered has been discovered and there was very little left to learn about the workings of our universe."


I don't mean to be personal, or to turn this into a debate, but this is possible one of the most absurd statements I've ever heard!
Quoting 508. Tazmanian:

Link

Ah, yes. Blizzard driving! Great adventure to be had here in Truckee when the storms blow in. Nothing to speak of so far this season, though. Bring it on!
97E and the next U.S. system @ 126..

I have specially named LE storm Buffalo for significant lake effect snow.
Quoting 513. Neapolitan:

There are three rest areas, along with the Seminole truck stop...
I remember when it was two lanes....what a nightmare....Many people lost there lives there, and on Cardwell Sound Rd..
Quoting 515. Naga5000:



I don't know if you noticed, but that's just called capitalism. It's only a bad regulation if it affects my bottom line. Free market's are good if it increases my bottom line. It's not what you know, it's who you know.

Are you just figuring out the private business sector is corrupt? That capitalism isn't a moral construct and that it cares more about profit over humanity?

Either way, these abstractions have nothing to do with the scientific discourse with is inherently a-political, and has only been politicized after the fact. No paper has ever been published that has said "sea level will rise, despite the right wing's objections or in spite of private business".


Are you just figuring out government is corrupt?
Quoting oldnewmex:

Ah, yes. Blizzard driving! Great adventure to be had here in Truckee when the storms blow in. Nothing to speak of so far this season, though. Bring it on!


That's obviously Reed Timmer by the voice. I'm guessing he left the Dominator at home.
The polar vortex has finally arrived at my house..
Quoting 509. Sfloridacat5:



I need to check Google Earth and see what that bright light is along Alligator Alley in the middle of the Everglades.




Most likely the Miccosukee Indian Village
527. jpsb
Quoting 517. capeflorida:



I don't mean to be personal, or to turn this into a debate, but this is possible one of the most absurd statements I've ever heard!


"There is nothing new to be discovered in physics now. All that remains is more and more precise measurement" - Lord Kelvin
Quoting 522. hydrus:

I remember when it was two lanes....what a nightmare....Many people lost there lives there, and on Cardwell Sound Rd..


Indeed!, not that taking US 41 to go from Miami to the west coast was any safer!!!
The yapping about corruption is pointless in a Scientific Known.

As seen below, which is not true?

"The dog catchers are corrupt."

"Rick Scott is a environmentalist."

: P


Quoting 520. hydrus:

97E and the next U.S. system @ 126..




Looks like severe weather for C & N FL on Sunday and then again on Tuesday. Very active and wet pattern on the way for FL. Euro is showing over 5" rain across N FL the next 8 days with 2" to 3" across C FL which is more than what we would normally get in November and would be on top of the 1.5 to 3.0" of rain so far this month.

Sub surface warm pool still growing.

At the rate that we have been going in the past 40 years, from the standpoint of science, in everything from new technologies, genetics (a pill for almost everything after the genenome projects), space sciences, and climate change issues, when juxtaposed against depletion of the earths natural resources (and the related fossil fuel dependency issue), science is now outpacing politics (both at the corporate and governmental levels) at a fairly rapid rate while non-scientists continue to run the show.

Something to think about..................I would rather side with good science than with politicians or corporations at this point in time...................
I just want to give kudos of the wives of those who debate AGW constantly on here..its clear they don't win arguments at home and constantly come on here for vindication..

that is all..
Quoting 523. PensacolaDoug:



Are you just figuring out government is corrupt?


I think you're projecting. I never said it wasn't. But private industry isn't wholly corrupt the way government isn't always corrupt. You think in dichotomous black and white ways, it's much more blurred than that.
Looks like a rough Sunday from Tampa Bay north. Classic severe weather signature here. Reminds of the 1997/1998 severe events across FL.

JeffMasters has created a new entry.
Quoting 534. ncstorm:

I just want to give kudos of the wives of those who debate AGW constantly on here..its clear they don't win arguments at home and constantly come on here for vindication..

that is all..


LOL!
Quoting 534. ncstorm:

I just want to give kudos of the wives of those who debate AGW constantly on here..its clear they don't win arguments at home and constantly come on here for vindication..

that is all..


Vindication, nah, this is vacation from grading and writing. :) This is mildly entertaining in the same way banging your head against a wall is. In other words, there could be worse things to do.
Wow, Foo Fighters to play Haus of Blues here Friday Night 9pm, tix go on sale noon tomorrow, $20.

O yeah'''''''
Seems the Moms among us care deeply..

LOL..
542. jpsb
Quoting 492. ricderr:

Throughout history the science has been settled on many issues only to be proven wrong later on. Are we so infallible that this cannot happen again?

so it could be wrong....that means it is wrong?...once again...what points do you think are fallible?...


Just because the size of the 'Unknown' in the world seems small, we shouldn't assume that it in fact is small. The size of the Unknown is just a guesstimate. The true size of the unknown is... UNKNOWN!

Just when all the sensible researchers become convinced that a field of science is exhausted, an unexpected new discovery can reveal the existence of a vast and unexplored territory which up to that moment had been invisible. The history of science contains many examples. But hindsight doesn't help, and try as we might, we cannot become the next Einstein just because we try to be.

And so we should steer clear of any self-centered reasoning which holds that, "since I personally cannot see numerous new realms needing exploration, then such realms must not exist!"

I perceive two main paths to progress in science. One path is to push forward into a diminishing group of well recognized but as yet uninvestigated areas. The other path is to search for new areas whose existence is not even suspected.

To pursue the latter, look to Nature. Search for phenomena which cannot be explained using current theory. Note that this invariably involves going against the opinions of the majority. It means that you must give more weight to reported events which any rational researcher would dismiss as being impossible. Any discoveries which would significantly alter the current theories are ALWAYS impossible when viewed in light of those current theories. To make revolutionary discoveries, you'll have to break away from the herd and march to the beat of a different drummer.

Also, listen to the voices of the small minority of researchers who are already exploring unsuspected new realms, but who have been ignored by the wider scientific community because of their unconventional interests. Yes, sometimes there are unseen new realms still awaiting the first discoverer. But at other times the new realm has already been discovered by one or a few, yet its existence is being denied by the majority on the grounds that the new realm is pseudoscience, that it's are forbidden by well-tested theories, or that it's just too crazy to be true. If Science holds various "unexplained phenomena" in contempt, grouping it all together with Bigfoot and UFO abductions, then this forms a barrier against free exploration. Also, it almost guarantees that interesting things yet lie preserved beyond the barrier of disbelief.

It's the conceit of every age to believe that scientific advancement has at last reached it's pinnacle, while future explorers will have very little left to do. So, in order to open the way to revolutionary discovery, you must reject this conceit.



http://amasci.com/weird/end.html
Quoting 510. jpsb:



Science, real science, is mostly about proving things lots of people believe untrue. The father of science Aristotle said heavy things fall faster then light things and people believed that for almost 2,000 years until Gallo "proved" otherwise at the Leaning Tower of Pisa. The science is never settled. His name escapes me at the moment but a great 19th century scientist claimed just about everything that could be discovered has been discovered and there was very little left to learn about the workings of our universe. Newtonian physics explains everything. Lol, and the coal that fuels the Sun was not going to last much longer.



Real science is increasing our knowledge of the Universe. It has nothing to do with what people believe. As you said yourself, Galileo proved that mass has no influence on how fast objects fall. So what's not settled about that? It's an experiment that has been repeated an enormous amount of times.
Btw, that was Lord Kelvin. People in the 19th century thought things were neat and tidy until a guy named Einstein put them on their ear. Things are settled when experiment proves the hypothesis, then that becomes scientific theory. Einstein's theories have not yet been proven wrong, although they may need some modification in the future to allow for quantum mechanics.
So what you are talking about is conceptual science by non-scientists and as a real scientist(tm), I couldn't care less what the average Joe "believes".
NWS forecast lows for tonight across Fl.
Quoting 540. Patrap:

Wow, Foo Fighters to play Haus of Blues here Friday Night 9pm, tix go on sale noon tomorrow, $20.

O yeah'''''''


LA? Myrtle Beach? Not the biggest foo fan (I prefer Dave Grohl drumming) but some cool bands have played at those places.

Needed a jacket this morning but it's not so bad outside, almost 50
Quoting 543. bwtranch:


Real science is increasing our knowledge of the Universe. It has nothing to do with what people believe. As you said yourself, Galileo proved that mass has no influence on how fast objects fall. So what's not settled about that? It's an experiment that has been repeated an enormous amount of times.
Btw, that was Lord Kelvin. People in the 19th century thought things were neat and tidy until a guy named Einstein put them on their ear. Things are settled when experiment proves the hypothesis, then that becomes scientific theory. Einstein's theories have not yet been proven wrong, although they may need some modification in the future to allow for quantum mechanics.
So what you are talking about is conceptual science by non-scientists and as a real scientist(tm), I couldn't care less what the average Joe "believes".
Psychologists are still baffled by people that say " if I believe it, its got to be true ".
Quoting win1gamegiantsplease:


LA? Myrtle Beach? Not the biggest foo fan (I prefer Dave Grohl drumming) but some cool bands have played at those places.

Needed a jacket this morning but it's not so bad outside, almost 50


Patrap is in New Orleans.
Quoting hydrus:
Psychologists are still baffled by people that say " if I believe it, its got to be true ".


Interesting study from a couple years ago that kind of supports that.
When given additional information/knowledge (CC/GW for example),people will focus on the information that supports their beliefs.
Link
Well hi, everyone. Saturday was interwsting around here.

While finishing up the bathroom remodel, we've been using a neat little travel trailer for hot showers.
So, perfect storm kind of thing.

1. We are on edge of big*ss winter storm. It is windy, blowing dust. I go tarp stuff because you never know in weather like this.

I check the temps, wind direction, radar and dew point periodically. At the point where the dew point approaches freezing, I note the wind is changing direction from west to WNW.

We get an advisory warning of blowing dust and limited visibility. Dewpoint drops a bit with the relative humidity. I look at radar, local, regional and national. I then decide the weather report is toast and it is going to get Cold. I communicate with housemate about this, go out to start shutting down outside hose connections.

After further communication, I move heater into the well pump/manifold section of the workshop. I leave it off, as it is a balmy 45° in there, and he will turn it on when he gets home.

At this point, a couple hours after sunset, around 7:30pm the air temp is 33 (down from a high of 55) and the dew point is 19. I go open a couple faucets in travel trailer, drain the water heater tank. I anticipate a low no lower than 15, that's the trend I am seeing even though NWS is still stubbornly insisting on a low of 21. I make sure all outside water feed to travel trailer is off.

I go to bed.

I wake up at 5am. It is 10°.

By sunrise it is down to 9.°

The travel trailer didn't drain all the way. The hose intake feed has a back flow preventer, so it couldn't drain that way. Pipes were split down the length in spots. That was a FAST freeze.

One bit of frustration is I couldn't get the whole trailer drain plug unscrewed anyway, it is properly stuck. So... I don't know if this wouldn't have happened anyway. But I was frustrated and angry with myself for not knowing, and possibly not have gotten it open anyway had I known.

Oh, the house toilet line froze up too. But that thawed fine (I was under the house the next afternoon reattaching winter skirting) and all water lines have been OK since.

Just call me the Priestess of Pipe Repair. :/

Quoting nonblanche:
Well hi, everyone. Saturday was interwsting around here.

While finishing up the bathroom remodel, we've been using a neat little travel trailer for hot showers.
So, perfect storm kind of thing.

1. We are on edge of big*ss winter storm. It is windy, blowing dust. I go tarp stuff because you never know in weather like this.

I check the temps, wind direction, radar and dew point periodically. At the point where the dew point approaches freezing, I note the wind is changing direction from west to WNW.

We get an advisory warning of blowing dust and limited visibility. Dewpoint drops a bit with the relative humidity. I look at radar, local, regional and national. I then decide the weather report is toast and it is going to get Cold. I communicate with housemate about this, go out to start shutting down outside hose connections.

After further communication, I move heater into the well pump/manifold section of the workshop. I leave it off, as it is a balmy 45° in there, and he will turn it on when he gets home.

At this point, a couple hours after sunset, around 7:30pm the air temp is 33 (down from a high of 55) and the dew point is 19. I go open a couple faucets in travel trailer, drain the water heater tank. I anticipate a low no lower than 15, that's the trend I am seeing even though NWS is still stubbornly insisting on a low of 21. I make sure all outside water feed to travel trailer is off.

I go to bed.

I wake up at 5am. It is 10°.

By sunrise it is down to 9.°

The travel trailer didn't drain all the way. The hose intake feed has a back flow preventer, so it couldn't drain that way. Pipes were split down the length in spots. That was a FAST freeze.

One bit of frustration is I couldn't get the whole trailer drain plug unscrewed anyway, it is properly stuck. So... I don't know if this wouldn't have happened anyway. But I was frustrated and angry with myself for not knowing, and possibly not have gotten it open anyway had I known.

Oh, the house toilet line froze up too. But that thawed fine (I was under the house the next afternoon reattaching winter skirting) and all water lines have been OK since.

Just call me the Priestess of Pipe Repair. :/
Hi nonblanche,

Sorry to hear about your pipe issues. I spotted a plumber's truck parked outside the neighbor's house today. I'm thinking they might have a story similar to your own.

I'm wondering if the answer with that travel trailer might be to use an air compressor to blow out the system, sort of like the landscape folks do with sprinkler systems. Seems like this might be the easiest answer. Otherwise. fill the pipes with moonshine when you're closing down for the season. Anti-freeze is a good thing. :)
Hey Jeff, looks like you really called it on this one!