Hurricane and Tropical Cyclones

The 35 Deadliest Tropical Cyclones in World History

Rank Name / Areas of Largest Loss Year Ocean Area Deaths
1. Great Bhola Cyclone, Bangladesh 1970 (Nov 12) Bay of Bengal 300,000 - 500,000
2. Hooghly River Cyclone, India and Bangladesh 1737 Bay of Bengal 300,000
3. Haiphong Typhoon, Vietnam 1881 West Pacific 300,000
4. Coringa, India 1839 Bay of Bengal 300,000
5. Backerganj Cyclone, Bangladesh 1584 Bay of Bengal 200,000
6. Great Backerganj Cyclone, Bangladesh 1876 Bay of Bengal 200,000
7. Chittagong, Bangladesh 1897 Bay of Bengal 175,000
8. Super Typhoon Nina, China 1975 (Aug 5) West Pacific 171,000
9. Cyclone 02B, Bangladesh 1991 (May 5) Bay of Bengal 138,866
10. Cyclone Nargis, Myanmar 2008 (May 3) Bay of Bengal 138,366
11. Swatlow, China 1922 (Jul 27) West Pacific 100,000
12. Great Bombay Cyclone, India 1882 Arabian Sea 100,000
13. Hakata Bay Typhoon, Japan 1281 West Pacific 65,000
14. Bangladesh 1942 (Oct 14) Bay of Bengal 61,000
15. India 1935 Bay of Bengal 60,000
16. Calcutta, India 1864 Bay of Bengal 60,000
17. Barisal, Bangladesh 1822 Bay of Bengal 50,000
18. Sunderbans coast, Bangladesh 1699 Bay of Bengal 50,000
19. India 1833 Bay of Bengal 50,000
20. India 1854 Bay of Bengal 50,000
21. Wenchou, China 1912 (Aug) West Pacific 50,000
22. Bengal Cyclone, Calcutta, India 1942 Bay of Bengal 40,000
23. Bangladesh 1912 Bay of Bengal 40,000
24. Bangladesh 1919 Bay of Bengal 40,000
25. Canton, China 1862 West Pacific 37,000
26. Bangladesh 1965 (May 11) Bay of Bengal 36,000
27. Backerganj (Barisal), Bangladesh 1767 Bay of Bengal 30,000
28. Barisal, Bangladesh 1831 Bay of Bengal 22,000
29. Great Hurricane, Lesser Antilles Islands 1780 Atlantic 22,000
30. Chittagong, Bangladesh 1963 (May 28) Bay of Bengal 22,000
31. Great Coringa Cyclone, India 1789 Bay of Bengal 20,000
32. Nagasaki Typhoon, Japan 1828 Western Pacific 15,000
33. Urir, Bangladesh 1985 (May 28) Bay of Bengal 15,000
33. Tacloban, Philippines November 1912 Western Pacific 15,000
35. Devi Taluk, SE India 1977 (Nov 12) Bay of Bengal 14,204
36. Bangladesh 1965 (May 31) Bay of Bengal 12,047
Death counts from large killer cyclones are highly uncertain, particulary for those before 1900. The above rankings are somewhat speculative. Information sources: EM-DAT, the International Disaster Database; Banglapedia, Wikipedia, Climate change impacts and adaptation assessment in Bangladesh" by Anwar Ali, the Philippine Star, and Encyclopedia of Hurricanes, Typhoons, and Cyclones (1999), by David Longshore.
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