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Record Warmth in Western Europe/Record Cold and Snow in Eastern U.S.

By: Christopher C. Burt, 8:54 PM GMT on November 03, 2014

Record Warmth in Western Europe/Record Cold and Snow in Eastern U.S.

The first weekend of November has brought an interesting contrast of weather regimes between the Eastern U.S. and Western Europe. All-time November warmth enveloped portions of Western Europe while the Eastern U.S. endured an early season snowstorm and some daily record low temperatures (in the Southeast).

Western European Warmth

An anomalously strong upper-level high-pressure dome has brought record warm temperatures to parts of Western Europe the past few days. In the U.K. on October 31st, Gravesend, Kent (just east of London) saw its temperature peak at 23.7°C (74.7°F), the warmest temperature ever observed so late in the year for the nation. The warmest October temperature on record for the U.K. is 29.9°C (85.8°F) at Gravesend on October 1, 2011 and the warmest November reading just 21.7°C (71.1°F) at Prestatyn on November 4, 1946, so we see how unusual was last Friday’s figure from Gravesend. In France temperatures peaked at 30.1°C (86.2°F) at Biscarosse and Dax in the southwestern part of the country and an amazing 30.5°C (86.9°F) at Arachon, truly phenomenal warmth for this time of the year (keep in mind that the latitude of these three sites is around 44° N!). These are the warmest temperatures ever recorded so late in the year for France: as reported here on the Meteo France web site.

On Saturday, November 1st, the warmth expanded eastward over the Low Countries, Germany, and Scandinavia. In Norway, Orsta-Volda/Hovden (62° 11’ N) reached 19.2°C (66.6°F), not too far from the Norwegian November national record of 21.8°C (71.2°F) set at Tafjord on November 6, 2003. In France all time November heat records were set at four of Paris’s weather stations:

Paris Montsouris: 21.4°C (70.5°F) previous record 21.0°C/69.8°F on Nov. 2, 1899

Paris Roissy: 20.7°C (69.3°F) previous record 19.7°C/67.5°F on Nov. 8, 1983

Paris Le Bourget: 20.6°C (69.1°F) previous record 20.3°C/68.5°F on Nov. 6, 1955

Paris Orly: 20.5°C (68.9°F) previous record 20.1°C/68.2°F on Nov. 6, 1955 and Nov. 3, 1933

Holland broke its all-time national heat record for November when the temperature peaked at 22.0°C (71.6°F) at Ell on November 1st. The previous national record was 21.1°C (70.0°F) at Maastricht on Nov. 4, 1994. Maastricht reached 21.4°C (70.5°F), obviously its new November record along with Eindhoven with 20.6°C (69.1°F), Amsterdam with 18.2°C (64.8°F), Rotterdam 18.3°C (64.9°F), Einhoven 20.6°C (69.1°F), and others.

In Germany, all-time November warmth was observed at Dusseldorf Lohausen : 20.4°C (68.7°F), Kohl Bonn Airport: 20.2°C (68.4°F), and Bremen: 20.1°C (68.2°F).

In Belgium, Spa La Sauveniere saw its November record broken with a 19.5°C (67.1°F) reading.

Of course, the above is just a partial list. Literally hundreds of records were set in the region (this following an exceptionally warm October as well).

Eastern U.S. Cold and Snow

In sharp contrast to Europe, the Eastern U.S. has seen an early-season cold wave and snowfall. In the Southeast 22” of snow accumulated near the summit of Mt. LeConte in Tennessee.



LeConte Lodge crew member Jeanie Lawley outside the dining room of the hotel during the big snowstorm on Saturday, November 1st. 22” of snow was measured at the lodge. Photo courtesy of the LeConte Lodge.

Newfound Gap, in North Carolina also received 22” of snow and amounts over 6” were common above the 2,000-3,000’ level. Snowfall in the Appalachians is not rare for this time of the year but what was unusual were the low-elevation reports of snowfall.



Snowfall map for the Appalachian region of the Southeast on November 1st. Map from NWS-Greenville.

Columbia, South Carolina officially received a trace on November 1st, its earliest snowfall on record (POR back to 1887) beating the previous record by a full week (November 9, 1913 being the former date of the earliest trace of snow). What is truly remarkable is that just four days earlier, on October 28th, Columbia recorded a record daily high temperature of 87°F (30.6°C) and it was 84°F (28.9°C) on Wednesday, October 29th! A smattering of daily record lows were set in Florida on November 2nd with Melbourne falling to 44°F (6.7°C)—previous record was 46° (7.8°C) in 1993. Miami had a record low of 52°F (11.1°C)-previous record 54°F (12.2°C) also in 1993. The high temperature at Key West was a record low maximum of just 70°F (21.1°C) beating the previous 72°F (22.2°C) set back in 1887. So it was cooler in Key West, Florida than some places in northwestern Europe this past weekend.

The same storm that brought the cold and snow to the Southeast also brought deep early-season snowfall to Maine on November 2nd where up to 21” fell at Cary in the northeastern part of the state.



Snowfall totals for northern and eastern Maine on November 2nd. Graphic by stormchaser4850.

The 10.1” snowfall at Caribou was its heaviest snowfall for so earlier in the season (and its earliest double-digit snowfall on record). The heavy wet snow brought down power lines and trees and, at one point on Sunday, over 130,000 utility customers were without elextricity.



Map of snowfall totals in the Northeast for November 2-3. Map from NWS-Taunton in the Boston area where measureable snowfall also was reported.

KUDOS: Thanks to Maximiliano Herrera for European temperature data and records and blog reader cRRKampen for the Dutch national record information.

Christopher C. Burt
Weather Historian

Extreme Weather Heat Cold Snow

The views of the author are his/her own and do not necessarily represent the position of The Weather Company or its parent, IBM.

Reader Comments

Great info! Thanx for posting!
Hottest October on record in Australia as fire danger rises


Also clocking up record months for maximums were Western Australia and South Australia, helping to drive the country to its hottest October in records going back to 1911.

Nationally, maximums were 2.76 degrees above normal, eclipsing the 2.63-degree anomaly set in 1988, the bureau said. Victoria had its second hottest October, as did the Northern Territory.

Sydney posted its equal-sixth hottest October, with a cooler patch during the middle of the month in the wake of huge storms limiting the heat. Even so, the city's maximums, at 24.5 degrees, were 2.4 degrees above normal for October, the bureau said.

Link
Thank for this Colorado Bob.

Amazing October warmth has been experienced in South America, Europe, and the U.S. as well. It will be interesting to see the NOAA and JMA roundup later this month.

Indeed October saw some amazing heat ano
Quoting 2. ColoradoBob1:

Hottest October on record in Australia as fire danger rises


Also clocking up record months for maximums were Western Australia and South Australia, helping to drive the country to its hottest October in records going back to 1911.

Nationally, maximums were 2.76 degrees above normal, eclipsing the 2.63-degree anomaly set in 1988, the bureau said. Victoria had its second hottest October, as did the Northern Territory.

Sydney posted its equal-sixth hottest October, with a cooler patch during the middle of the month in the wake of huge storms limiting the heat. Even so, the city's maximums, at 24.5 degrees, were 2.4 degrees above normal for October, the bureau said.

Link
North-east Italy/South East France about to be hit by more storms....
Quoting 4. FormerAussie:

North-east Italy/South East France about to be hit by more storms....


already in progress. 220mm+ yesterday evening in some parts of France. We can expect brutal ammounts of snow in the Alps of Piadmont and Liguria above 2000m up to 2 meters
The fourth time in the last 60 days :

South-eastern France hit by violent storms

Winds reached up to 160km/h in parts of the Rhône Valley overnight on Monday.

The country’s meteorological service Météo France said heavy rains will continue in the region until Wednesday morning. As much as 450mm of rain could fall before the storms pass.

Link
Quoting 3. weatherhistorian:

Thank for this Colorado Bob.

Amazing October warmth has been experienced in South America, Europe, and the U.S. as well. It will be interesting to see the NOAA and JMA roundup later this month.

Indeed October saw some amazing heat ano


Monday, October 27, 2014
Scorching City breaks October heat record; storm alert issued
Temperatures in the City of Buenos Aires today reached 35.2° Celsius, breaking an historical record for the month of October as a heat wave descended on most of Argentina in the last few days.

In a day marked by scorching weather conditions, the heat index for the capital closed in on 40°C. The National Meterological Service (SMN) confirmed that at 4pm the temperature reached 35.2°C, surpassing the previous benchmark of 34.5°C recorded in October 2009.

30 Oct 2014

Severe storms lash Buenos Aires
Flash floods and damaging winds leave Argentina’s capital in the dark.
Buenos Aires had 139mm of rain on Thursday. The October average is only 86mm so it comes as no great surprise that severe flooding occurred and at one stage the Luján River was rising at around 20cm per hour.

Link

Nov. 3, 2014 –

The Central Observatory of Buenos Aires reported Monday that in the past three days a total of 122 mm (4.8 in.) of rain has fallen in the Argentine capital, compared with the average of 108 mm (4.3 in.) for all of November.

This is the second major storm the Buenos Aires area has suffered in less than a week. Last Wednesday and Thursday, another storm drowned a teenager in Lujan, 60 km (37 mi.) west of the capital.


http://www.globalpost.com/dispatch/news/agencia-e fe/141103/1-dead-5200-evacuated-weekend-argentina- due-storm
The Tigre Art Museum is surrounded by the flooded waters of the Luján River, yet another example of the consequences of the rain that has hit Greater Buenos Aires and other rural districts in the province during the last five days. The phenomenon reached new extremes yesterday, with the number of evacuees topping almost 5,300 people across 23 districts, government sources reported yesterday.

Link
Quoting 7. ColoradoBob1:



Monday, October 27, 2014
Scorching City breaks October heat record; storm alert issued
Temperatures in the City of Buenos Aires today reached 35.2° Celsius, breaking an historical record for the month of October as a heat wave descended on most of Argentina in the last few days.

In a day marked by scorching weather conditions, the heat index for the capital closed in on 40°C. The National Meterological Service (SMN) confirmed that at 4pm the temperature reached 35.2°C, surpassing the previous benchmark of 34.5°C recorded in October 2009.

30 Oct 2014

Severe storms lash Buenos Aires
Flash floods and damaging winds leave Argentina’s capital in the dark.
Buenos Aires had 139mm of rain on Thursday. The October average is only 86mm so it comes as no great surprise that severe flooding occurred and at one stage the Luján River was rising at around 20cm per hour.

Link

Nov. 3, 2014 –

The Central Observatory of Buenos Aires reported Monday that in the past three days a total of 122 mm (4.8 in.) of rain has fallen in the Argentine capital, compared with the average of 108 mm (4.3 in.) for all of November.

This is the second major storm the Buenos Aires area has suffered in less than a week. Last Wednesday and Thursday, another storm drowned a teenager in Lujan, 60 km (37 mi.) west of the capital.


http://www.globalpost.com/dispatch/news/agencia-e fe/141103/1-dead-5200-evacuated-weekend-argentina- due-storm


There were thousands and thousands of ABSOLUTE RECORDS (not just monthly) completely destroyed in South America in its hottest wave in history, between Brazil, Argentina, Peru, Paraguay and Bolivia.
Buenos Aires new monthly record was 35.6C, but it is just a grain of salt of the absolute records destroyed in dozens of thousands of other stations including important cities like Sao Paulo where all city (and state) records were grounded in pieces with an incredible distance from the previous ones.
Quoting 6. ColoradoBob1:

The fourth time in the last 60 days :

South-eastern France hit by violent storms

Winds reached up to 160km/h in parts of the Rh%uFFFDne Valley overnight on Monday.

The country%u2019s meteorological service M%uFFFDt%uFFFDo France said heavy rains will continue in the region until Wednesday morning. As much as 450mm of rain could fall before the storms pass.

Link


It is the 9th time actually of catastrophic and local records floods between Southern France And northwestern Italy in 6 weeks.
It really has been a remarkable month or so in South America (where I'm currently travelling, although I've managed to miss most of the action - the closest I got was arriving in Porto Alegre, Brazil the day after what appears to be their October record high temperature), and in particular in Buenos Aires, which in the space of a week (according to reports I've seen via the SMN Facebook feed) has managed to get its hottest October day on record, its wettest October day on record and its third-wettest November day on record (these two were separate events four days apart). It was also abnormally cold a bit further south in Argentina, with a lot of record low maximum temperatures for November, and snow falling for the best part of two days in Bariloche; November snow in Bariloche is by no means unprecedented (last happened in 2009), but the duration of this event was unprecedented according to my SMN contacts.
Quoting 10. maxcrc:



It is the 9th time actually of catastrophic and local records floods between Southern France And northwestern Italy in 6 weeks.


Thanks,



France deluged with massive rainfall

Nice got 160mm in 24 hours.

Link

IN IMAGES: Violent storms lash the French Riviera

The French Riviera and part of the south of France were hit by violent storms this week that saw one woman killed in a mud slide, roads flooded, power cuts and rivers burst their banks. Here's a selection of the dramatic images.

Link



Tuscany residents saved as floods hit Italy

Link

UK on course for warmest year on record

New figures published by the Met Office show the period from January to October this year has been the warmest since records began in 1910 - and it has also been the second wettest.

Link


Italy swamped by flash floods

After flash floods hit the Italian regions of Tuscany, Liguria and Venice, Rome is now on red alert.

Link



Farmers in three Australian states experience lowest rainfall on record

Link
Italy and Poland pounded by storms ( BBC Carrara got 180 mm in three hours ).

Link
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