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September 2014 Global Weather Extremes Summary

By: Christopher C. Burt, 8:52 PM GMT on October 22, 2014

September 2014 Global Weather Extremes Summary

September was globally the warmest such on record according to NASA and NOAA. Deadly flooding affected the Kashmir region of India and Pakistan as well as in southern France, China, and Serbia. Record heat occurred in Jakarta, Indonesia and south-central Canada. It was the driest September on record for the U.K.

Below are some of the month’s highlights.

NORTH AMERICA

It was a warmer than average month for the contiguous U.S. (ranked 26th warmest out of the past 120 years) and precipitation was, nationwide, average although the Southwest experienced one of its wettest Septembers on record and the Northeast one of its driest.





State-by state temperature ranks (top map) and precipitation ranks (bottom map) for September. NOAA/NCDC maps.

Tropical moisture from the remnants of Hurricane Norbert swept over Arizona and southern Nevada on September 7-8 bringing an all-time calendar day rainfall of 3.30” (83.8 mm) to Sky Harbor Airport in Phoenix, Arizona on September 8th (the 24-hour record of 4.98”/126.5 mm set on July 1-2, 1911 still stands). Other sites in the Phoenix metro area picked up as much as 6” (152 mm) of precipitation. The consequent flooding resulted in one fatality.



Cars rest submerged on the I-10 freeway in Phoenix following the calendar day record rainfall of September 8th. Photo by Michael Chow, AP.

A late September heat wave brought record high temperatures to Montana, Wyoming, North Dakota, and Manitoba, Canada. On September 25th temperatures peaked at 98°F (36.7°C) at Terry, Montana and 97°F (36.1°C) at Miles City, Montana and Williston, North Dakota. Both values were the warmest temperatures ever observed so late in the year. Rapid City, South Dakota hit 95°F (35.0°C), on September 26th, just 15 days after experiencing its earliest measureable snowfall on record when 1.6” of snow fell on September 11th. More amazing was the 35.1°C (95.2°F) reading measured at Swan River, Manitoba on September 26th. Located at 52° 07’ N latitude, this was the hottest temperature ever observed so far north so late in the year for any location in the northern hemisphere!

The exceptional drought in California continued as a large wildfire (the ‘King Fire’) burned 97,000 acres and destroyed 12 homes in the central Sierra Nevada.

The hottest temperature measured in the U.S. during September was 119°F (48.3°C) at Death Valley, California on September 17th and the coldest 0°F (-17.8°C) at Nutter’s Ranch, Utah on September 19th (NCDC also reports a very dubious 0°F reading from Friday Harbor, Washington on September 15th).

Hurricane Odile, which formed in the Eastern Pacific, made a direct strike on Cabo San Lucas, Baja, Mexico on September 15th as a CAT 3 storm with 125 mph winds. It was the strongest hurricane in modern records (tied with Hurricane Olivia in 1967) to strike the Baja Peninsula. Damage to the resort town of Cabo San Lucas was extensive but few casualties were reported (five fatalities in all) thanks to excellent forecasting and preparations made prior to the storm making landfall.



Powerful CAT 3 Hurricane Odile bears down on Baja, Mexico the night of September 14-15. The eye of the storm passed directly over the resort city of Cabo San Lucas just after midnight on September 15th. NOAA enhanced color imagery satellite image.



The Earth Wind Map for midnight September 15th (PT) shows Hurricane Odile just coming ashore at Cabo San Lucas while Hurricane Edouard churns over the Atlantic Ocean.

The coldest temperature measured in the northern hemisphere in September was -36.2°C (-33.2°F) at Summit GEO site in Greenland on September 26th.

SOUTH AMERICA and CENTRAL AMERICA

Coro, in Falcon State, Venezuela observed a temperature of 41.1°C (106.0°F) on September 29th, just 0.9°C short of Venezuela’s all-time national record high of 42.0°C (107.6°F) set at Machiques, Zulia State in February 1983.

EUROPE

Two incredible rainstorms pounded the southern French Languedoc and Herlaut regions on September 16-18 and again on September 29-30 (more storms hit the region again in October). The rainstorm of September 16-18 brought as much as 377 mm (14.84”) to Cayler, Herault Department and the storm of September 29-30 deluged Montpelier an all-time 24-hour precipitation record rainfall of 299 mm (11.77”). Of this, 184 mm (7.24”) fell in just a two-hour period on September 29th. This may have been a new French national record for short-duration precipitation intensity. More about this event may be found in this blog.

On September 12-15 extreme flooding also occurred in the Balkans where two died in Slovenia and extensive damage occurred in Serbia and Croatia.

At the other end of the precipitation spectrum, the U.K. experienced its driest September on record (since 1910) with just 23% of average precipitation nation-wide for the month. It was the driest single month since August 1995.



Precipitation anomaly map for the U.K. in September. It was the driest such on record. Map courtesy of the U.K. Met Office, Crown copyright.

The warmest temperature observed in the U.K. during September was 26.3°C (79.3°F) at Wiggonholt, West Sussex on September 18th and the coldest -0.1°C (31.8°F) at Katesbridge, County Down on September 8th (this was warmer than the August low for the U.K.!). The greatest 24-hour rainfall measured was 47.8 mm (1.88”) at Linkenholt, Hampshire on September 18-19.

AFRICA

It was the warmest September on record for much of northern Africa, especially Algeria and Tunisia.

The hottest temperature measured in the southern hemisphere during the month was 41.6°C (106.9°F) at Mitunzini, South Africa on September 18th.

ASIA

The biggest story (weather-wise) in Asia during September was the catastrophic flooding in the Kashmir/Jammu regions of northern India and Pakistan. Torrential monsoon rains on September 3-7 caused flooding that killed 648 people and damage of at least $18 billion. Globally this has been the costliest and deadliest natural disaster so far this year.



The city of Srinagar, India was inundated by floodwaters in early September. Some 200,000 were evacuated from the area. Photo by Abid Bhat.

Flooding also affected southwestern China (Sichuan and Guizhou Provinces) on September 10-17 killing 50 and causing $1.4 billion in damage.

Typhoon Kalmaegi hit the Philippines, China, and Vietnam September 10-16 killing 31 and causing $3 billion in damage. See Jeff Master’s blog post for more details about the above natural disasters in Asia this past September. Typhoon Fung-Wong hit the northern Philippines in late September killing 13 and brought up to 24” (610 mm) of rainfall to Taiwan, where one fatality was reported. As a result of the typhoons, Manila had a near-record September monthly precipitation total of 786 mm (30.94”). The all-time September monthly record is 888 mm/34.96” set in 1914.



Typhoon Kalmaegi pounds Haikou City, on China’s Hainan Island September 16th with pounding surf and winds of 90 mph. Photo by Guo Cheng, Xinhua.

A record heat wave hit parts of Mongolia and Siberia on September 2-3 with Ulan Bator, Mongolia measuring its hottest September temperature on record when a 31.7°C (89.1°F) reading on September 3rd was observed. Sainshand, Mongolia hit 34.5°C (94.1°F) the same day. After this warm start to the month, far eastern Siberia was struck by a cold wave and snowstorm on September 30th. Vladivostok recorded its coldest September temperature on record with a 1.3°C (34.3°F) reading (previous record was 2.2°C/36.0°F in September 1964) and earliest measureable snowfall on record (previous earliest snowfall was on October 4, 1963).

Jakarta, Indonesia measured its hottest temperature on record (for any month) when a 37.0°C (98.6°F) reading on September 24th.

The hottest temperature measured in the northern hemisphere and in the world during the month was 49.6°C (121.3°F) at Mitribah, Kuwait on September 3rd.

AUSTRALIA

It was a warm and generally dry month for Australia and the 2nd warmest September on record for Western Australia. Perth measured 34.2°C (93.6°F) on September 20th, its warmest September day ever observed.





Temperature (top map) and precipitation (bottom map) deciles for Australia during September. Maps courtesy of the Australian Bureau of Meteorology.

The hottest temperature observed in Australia during the month was 41.1°C (106.0°F) at Fitzroy Crossing, Western Australia on September 29th and the coldest -8.3°C (17.1°F) at Thredbo, New South Wales on September 3rd. The greatest calendar day rainfall was 80.6 mm (3.17”) at Yaamba, Queensland on September 23rd.

NEW ZEALAND

The main feature of New Zealand weather through mid-September was a long dry spell on the South Island. Until September 11th Wanaka and Timaru had no rain for 31 days. Milford Sound and Hokitika had no rain for 22 days. The average rainfall for Milford Sound in August and September is 463mm and 551mm respectively. Queenstown record its sunniest September on record, (POR 1930, 246hrs/161% average), as it had also in August (186hrs/155% average).

The highest temperature measured in New Zealand during September was 24.1°C (75.4°F) at Leeston, South Island on September 11th and the coldest -6.9°C (19.6°F) at Middlemarch, South Island on September 28th. The greatest calendar day rainfall was 113.6 mm (4.47”) at Lake Moeraki, South Island on September 12th.

ANTARCTICA

The coldest temperature in the southern hemisphere and in the world during September was –78.0°C (-108.4°F) recorded at Concordia on September 5th and 6th.


KUDOS Thanks to Maximiliano Herrera for global temperature extremes data and Jeremy Budd and NIWA for New Zealand data.


Christopher C. Burt
Weather Historian

Extreme Weather

The views of the author are his/her own and do not necessarily represent the position of The Weather Company or its parent, IBM.

Reader Comments

Front Range slopes slid in record numbers during 2013 floods

When record-breaking rains turned parts of the Front Range into a flooded disaster area last fall, an overlooked, major geological phenomenon was also causing damage in three foothills counties.

A federal government geologist who recently put his findings — and his warnings — into a published study, tallied 1,138 debris flows from Sep. 9 -13 in Boulder, Larimer and Jefferson counties.

"This was historically unprecedented," said research geologist Jeff Coe with the U.S. Geological Service............................Two other unusual and deadly debris flows occurred in other areas this year. A slope slid and buried three men near Collbran on the Western Slope in April, and a slide near Oso, Wash., killed 43 people in March.

"These were all historically unprecedented," Coe said. "With each one of these we said that...You can only say that so much before there is a suspicion that something is changing."


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On 22nd October 2014, Malaga Airport, Spain recorded its highest October temperature, maxing out at 36.4 Celsius.
Very unusual to get a record high so late in the month. The temperature dropped 10 degs C from 5pm to 6pm local time when a sea breeze set in.
France also had one of it's driest september months since 1959, a top ten month, with a deficit of nearly 50 % compared to the 1981-2010 average, while in Germany the deficit was 19,6 %.
There seems to be a larger scale pattern between the dry north and the wet south in France, as Europe was drier in the northern and wetter in the southern half, as can be seen in the NOAA september global analysis.
Quoting 2. Dempy56:

On 22nd October 2014, Malaga Airport, Spain recorded its highest October temperature, maxing out at 36.4 Celsius.
Very unusual to get a record high so late in the month. The temperature dropped 10 degs C from 5pm to 6pm local time when a sea breeze set in.


There are dozens of records , including Marbella even hotter with 37.1C, now far from its absolute record for any month.
Valencia destroyed its monthly record. Overall, in all Europe there have been several hundreds monthly records if not thousands in 3 different heat waves in several countries.
Thanks again for your monthly summary. Max, thanks for all your hard work.
September was extremely dry on the east coast of Northern Ireland (County Down). At my rainfall station in Bangor, the monthly total was only 2.9mm (approx 0.11 inches), which is 4 % of normal. Temperatures too were above average, with the mean being the same as August.
http://www.abc.es/sociedad/20141024/abci-record-Tem perature-octubre-espana-201410231812.html
An intensive heat wave in Spain culminated on Wednesday, when in Marbella (Malaga Province) temperature reached 37.1 ° C.
This temperature is the highest temperature of October in Spain since at least 1970, although Spanish sources indicate as the October maximum temperature 39.4 ° C 3.10.1970 in Seville. This value is in my view not entirely credible, because source files is identical (and only 36,6 °C is the value from this same source)
(Servimedia sources Meteorological Agency - http://www.aemet.es/en/serviciosclimaticos/datoscl imatologicos/efemerides_extremos*?w=0&k=and&l=5783 &datos=det&x=5783&m=10&v=todos ). The 2nd highest value of 37.0 ° C in r. 1983 at Tenerife (Canary Islands - far enough from mainland Spain) is also a far from this figure.
The highest temperature of the October was overcome in many areas of Spain, and very unusual is a striking difference with the second highest temperature in the second half of October (35.8 ° C was measured in Tenerife 25.10.2001)
This temperature has been reached at 18:40 local time, less than an hour before sunset.
Quoting 7. MichalBogar:

http://www.abc.es/sociedad/20141024/abci-record-Te m perature-octubre-espana-201410231812.html
An intensive heat wave in Spain culminated on Wednesday, when in Marbella (Malaga Province) temperature reached 37.1 ° C.
This temperature is the highest temperature of October in Spain since at least 1970, although Spanish sources indicate as the October maximum temperature 39.4 ° C 3.10.1970 in Seville. This value is in my view not entirely credible, because source files is identical (and only 36,6 °C is the value from this same source)
(Servimedia sources Meteorological Agency - http://www.aemet.es/en/serviciosclimaticos/datoscl imatologicos/efemerides_extremos*?w=0&k=and&l=5783 &datos=det&x=5783&m=10&v=todos ). The 2nd highest value of 37.0 ° C in r. 1983 at Tenerife (Canary Islands - far enough from mainland Spain) is also a far from this figure.[…]

Note also 38.1 °C October 13, 1942 in Santa Cruz de Tenerife (Canary Islands).
Quoting 8. Geoclimat:


Note also 38.1 %uFFFDC October 13, 1942 in Santa Cruz de Tenerife (Canary Islands).


Canary Islands are geographically in Africa, sometimes when statistics are done for European purpose (records) we tend to avoid the Canary Islands, which anyway is a province of Spain and politically it is 100% like any other spanish province.
But for example Bonaire is also a Dutch municipality for and I think it would be "unfair" to make it to compete with the other Dutch stations for climatic purposes.
European record for October was set at Palermo Observatory,Italy with 41.1C on 27 October 1999.
Tremendous heat wave since it was at the end of the month, rather than at begin of it.
For comparision, November record for Italy is much lower: 34.0C at Monreale (near Palermo), in this case 1C inferior to the 35.0C european record set in Greece.
European all time highest temps by month belong to Italy (January,March,July,August,September,October and December :all in Sicily except that of September which was set in Apulia region), Spain (April) and Greece (February,June and November). I am atill working on the May European record.
I use geography/geology,not politics in climatic statistics, so I am not including Canary Islands or Madeira or Cyprus into Europe.
It must be noted that the maximum temperatures of the station and managed dall'Idrografico ufficiliazzati annals are very suspicious, since the same Terrace station managed by the specula stopped to + 37.0 ° C, then 2.5 less than all'Idrografico and the other city stations, excluding those dell'Idrografico.

http://meteopalermo.forumcommunity.net/?t=5692132 1

This is a part of palermo meteo blog, which raised the question about incredible over 40 °C temperature on Octobre 27th 1999. Other nearby Palermo stations had maximum on Octobre 26th (not on 27th ) and what is more important, these values are 4-5 °C lower. Aeroport Boccadifolco had maximum 37,4 °C ( http://www.infoclimat.fr/climatologie-mensuelle/16 410/octobre/1999/palermo-boccadifalco.html ), Punta Raisa 35,2 °C. Actually, I really do not believe that the value is corect. Even in the centre of the heat wave there was maximum 40,5 °C in Biserte, Tunisia ( http://ogimet.com/cgi-bin/gsynext?lang=en&state=Tu ni&rank=100&ano=1999&mes=10&day=27&hora=06&Send=se nd).

Full automatical translation:
Remarks absolutely right Matt. The third week of October 1999 was something incredible. Pending dell'ufficializzazione maximum temperature yesterday by the Air Force would like to say a few words about the station Palermo Observatory which has a thermometer archive of the longest in Europe. In fact, the measurements depart on an ongoing basis shortly after 1790 , and a database of over 220 years! According to official data released by the Specula of Palermo, yesterday reached a maximum temperature of + 36.7 ° C , * Second Highest Value in October from ' beginning of readings * only 3/10 from + 37.0 ° C of 27 October 1999 !!! Hovering also record High Low [URL] http://meteo.astropa.unipa.it/public/create_table2 .php [/ URL] In fact, there is to be noted that on the terrace of the Astronomical there are at least three active stations , 2 handled directly by speculates as one is handled by ' Observatory Waters (former Hydrographic). This is the station that the October 27 1999 recorded + 39.5 ° and 26 and October 25, 1999 did mark a maximum, respectively, of + 39.1 ° C and + 36.2 ° C . In the climatic history of Palermo Observatory managed dall'Idrografico, since 1924, only 4 occasion ia October were exceeded 36 ° : 3 times in October 1999 ( 39.5 ° C on the 27th, 39.1 ° and 26 ° 36.2 25), first time in October 1993 ( 36.5 ° ) and 1 time October 2014 ( yesterday ). If we did an analysis of over 35 ° , we would find that in the last 20 years have increased dramatically. Taking into account only data from the station operated from 1924 dall'Idrografico , the value of the past is the * Third Highest Temperature in October * after 39.5 ° 27 and 39.1 of 26/10/1999. It must be noted that the maximum temperatures of the station and managed dall'Idrografico ufficiliazzati annals are very suspicious, since the same Terrace station managed by the specula stopped to + 37.0 ° C, then 2.5 less than all'Idrografico and the other city stations, excluding those dell'Idrografico, revealed values ​​around 37 ° as the case Boccadifalco as Punta Raisi you " stopped "to + 35.2 ° C I'll try to ask the manager if there are problems
One more time:

http://meteopalermo.forumcommunity.net/?t=5692132 1
Sorry, there is no space between last 2 numbers
"NCDC also reports a very dubious 0°F reading from Friday Harbor, Washington on September 15th". Must be erroneous alright, considering Friday Harbor's island location near Victoria B.C. (Victoria's lowest min, ever, was +4F ! ]
Quoting 9. maxcrc:

Canary Islands are geographically in Africa, sometimes when statistics are done for European purpose (records) we tend to avoid the Canary Islands, which anyway is a province of Spain and politically it is 100% like any other spanish province.
[...]
I use geography/geology,not politics in climatic statistics, so I am not including Canary Islands or Madeira or Cyprus into Europe.

I totally agree with you.
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Quoting 10. MichalBogar:

It must be noted that the maximum temperatures of the station and managed dall'Idrografico ufficiliazzati annals are very suspicious, since the same Terrace station managed by the specula stopped to + 37.0 ° C, then 2.5 less than all'Idrografico and the other city stations, excluding those dell'Idrografico.

http://meteopalermo.forumcommunity.net/?t=5692132 1

This is a part of palermo meteo blog, which raised the question about incredible over 40 °C temperature on Octobre 27th 1999. Other nearby Palermo stations had maximum on Octobre 26th (not on 27th ) and what is more important, these values are 4-5 °C lower. Aeroport Boccadifolco had maximum 37,4 °C ( http://www.infoclimat.fr/climatologie-mensuelle/16 410/octobre/1999/palermo-boccadifalco.html ), Punta Raisa 35,2 °C. Actually, I really do not believe that the value is corect. Even in the centre of the heat wave there was maximum 40,5 °C in Biserte, Tunisia ( http://ogimet.com/cgi-bin/gsynext?lang=en&stat e=Tu ni&rank=100&ano=1999&mes=10&day=27 &hora=06&Send=se nd).

Full automatical translation:
Remarks absolutely right Matt. The third week of October 1999 was something incredible. Pending dell'ufficializzazione maximum temperature yesterday by the Air Force would like to say a few words about the station Palermo Observatory which has a thermometer archive of the longest in Europe. In fact, the measurements depart on an ongoing basis shortly after 1790 , and a database of over 220 years! According to official data released by the Specula of Palermo, yesterday reached a maximum temperature of + 36.7 ° C , * Second Highest Value in October from ' beginning of readings * only 3/10 from + 37.0 ° C of 27 October 1999 !!! Hovering also record High Low [URL] http://meteo.astropa.unipa.it/public/create_table2 .php [/ URL] In fact, there is to be noted that on the terrace of the Astronomical there are at least three active stations , 2 handled directly by speculates as one is handled by ' Observatory Waters (former Hydrographic). This is the station that the October 27 1999 recorded + 39.5 ° and 26 and October 25, 1999 did mark a maximum, respectively, of + 39.1 ° C and + 36.2 ° C . In the climatic history of Palermo Observatory managed dall'Idrografico, since 1924, only 4 occasion ia October were exceeded 36 ° : 3 times in October 1999 ( 39.5 ° C on the 27th, 39.1 ° and 26 ° 36.2 25), first time in October 1993 ( 36.5 ° ) and 1 time October 2014 ( yesterday ). If we did an analysis of over 35 ° , we would find that in the last 20 years have increased dramatically. Taking into account only data from the station operated from 1924 dall'Idrografico , the value of the past is the * Third Highest Temperature in October * after 39.5 ° 27 and 39.1 of 26/10/1999. It must be noted that the maximum temperatures of the station and managed dall'Idrografico ufficiliazzati annals are very suspicious, since the same Terrace station managed by the specula stopped to + 37.0 ° C, then 2.5 less than all'Idrografico and the other city stations, excluding those dell'Idrografico, revealed values ​​around 37 ° as the case Boccadifalco as Punta Raisi you " stopped "to + 35.2 ° C I'll try to ask the manager if there are problems



Yes, I noticed that, anyway Boccadifalco Airport has a very different microclimate. It is located on the foothills (pedemontana) of the town,internal.
During strong siroco events, it is very normal to have differences even of 10C in nearby areas, it depends on the ventilation.If breeze interferes with siroco in some areas, the local differences can be brutal, much higher of what you can expect in a normal situation.
But it is true that the Idrografico Station is questionable. There are several stations in Palermo. That of Verdi Square doesn't convince me , that of Zoologico neither, that of Castelnuovo Park is not representative of the town. Well,sometimes it is not very easy, when you have 4-5 stations and almost none is 100% reliable.
If you have two stations in the same roof of the same building and there are differences above 1C you should ask yourself which one of the two is not OK.
Anyway, the same day 27 October 1999 one of the Catania stations also recorded above 40C , which would be the alternative October European record, well above the Spanish and Greek October records.
Note that earlier this month October 2014 one station near Palermo had already recorded a temperature above 37C, so that of Marbella is slightly lower. France went very near its October national record in Corsica during that same event.
Punta Raisi has nothing to do with Palermo City, it is located dozens kilometers away towards the west and it has quite a different microclimate. There can be a difference in ventilation which can carry dramatic differences in temperature under those particular conditions.
It is absolutely normal that Northern Sicily records higher temperatures than Bizerte or other places in Tunisian coast in these cases (the center of the heat wave would be more south in the interior), since the siroco crosses the Mediterranean and goes through the Sicilian mountains and falls with downslope effect into the northern coast.
In 99% of the cases like this, Northern Sicilian coast will have higher temperatures than Tunisian coast and 6-7C more than Southern Sicilian coast, where southern maritime and humid breeze flows .
In August 1999 ,during BY FAR the greatest heat wave ever recorded in Europe, without any comparision, with a tremendous 31C at 850 hpa (2-3C higher than any isotherm ever recorded in Spain or Greece) , Monreale also recorded 48.0C, near the northern coast, while Carini (grossly halfway between Monreale and Palermo) 46.6C and others. In the Southern Coast temperatures hardly went above 40C.
Most of Southern Sicilian coast almost hardly ever record temperatures above 40C, some places have all time absolute records of about 40-41C in 100 years time (like Gela,Cozzo Spadaro, etc),because in those cases humid breeze flows. Heat indexes might be tremendous, but they can never be compared to places where wind is dried up while crossing the mountains.
So it is not very useful to compare the values of such different microclimates which have different exposure to siroco and downslope winds.
BTW, the urban stations are actually located on roofs, which is the most reccomendable in urban areas, because there is less effect of the heat reflected by the concrete buildings.
But in this particular case, I agree there is an unjustified difference between two stations located so close (if i am not mistaken, on the same roof !). In this case the doubts are very justified. Possibly the sensor or the screen were not in a good shape and under stress conditions ,the temperature was overestimating.
I will discuss the issue with local expert Mr. Vitale. The record would probably need to be switched to the following highest value,recorded anyway in the same heat wave in one of the Catania's airports (none of which share the climate of Catania city but this is another matter).


The Geek floods last Fri.

Around 300 cars were swept away in floodwaters after 14 centimetres (5.5 inches) of rain fell in some 90 minutes.
“It was like a sea raining down,” Andreas Pachatouridis, the mayor of Peristeri, the seventh largest town in Greece, told state-run news agency ANA.


Link
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Ayer en Buenos Aires se produjo el record histórico de temperatura para el mes de Octubre. 35,2 ºC
Saludos
According to the reanalysis done by METEOFRANCE for the month of september and the region Languedoc-Roussillon, the 24-hour precipitation record from the 29th to 30th in Montpellier was corrected to 299.9 mm (11.81"].
This value is the highest for a city with over 100,000 inhabitants I found in France.
The record for a city in France, I set threshold at 10,000, belongs to Lézignan-Corbières with a value of 551.2 mm (21.7"), set on November 11th in 1999.

https://donneespubliques.meteofrance.fr/donnees_l ibres/bulletins/BCMR/BCMR_11_201409.pdf
http://pluiesextremes.meteo.fr/

P.S.: Which is the highest value for a 24-hour period in the U.S. or the world for a place with over 10,000 inhabitants?
Dear Mr. Burt,

a remarkable event that you could post in your summary of october, is the one caused by the remnants of Gonzalo from western Europe to southeastern Europe and even to Turkey.
Even at sealevel and in inland regions besides from mountain tops, windspeed up to 148 km/h (92 mph) were recorded, snow accumulations up to 28 cm (11") at 221 m above sea level (725'), in Bulgaria, and up to 132 cm (52") in 36 hours in Austria at 1921 m above sea level (6302').

The following links for this event are in german, I have not found good ones in english.
http://www.wettergefahren-fruehwarnung.de/Ereigni s/20141024_e.html
http://www.wettergefahren-fruehwarnung.de/Ereigni s/20141027_e.html
> "The hottest temperature measured in the southern hemisphere during the month was 41.6°C (106.9°F) at Mitunzini, South Africa on September 18th."
It should be Mtunzini (Zulu for in the shade, I think?). Thanks for the interesting stat, though!
:)
200 year flood hits west Norway towns

Rescue crews and volunteers worked through the night to evacuate hundreds of people and limit damage as Voss, Odda and several other towns suffered the worst floods to hit western Norway in more than a century.

Areas hit included the town of Lærdal, which was partly destroyed by fire less than a year ago.
My neighbor's aunt makes $69 every hour on the laptop . She has been fired for eight months but last month her check was $16750 just working on the laptop for a few hours.
Go to website ▲▲▲▲ www.Joℬsfish.ℂℴℳ
One in already for October - the last day of the month broke records for warmth in the UK, with a couple of places clearing 22C. Those of us whose office heating systems switch on by date enjoyed - in my case anyway - 30C and more...
With a little delay, the climate summary by continent in September 2014 has just been released on Geoclimat:
Climate summary and extreme weather by continent in September 2014
Have a good reading!
Quoting 31. Geoclimat:

With a little delay, the climate summary by continent in September 2014 has just been released on Geoclimat:
Climate summary and extreme weather by continent in September 2014
Have a good reading!


Beau travail!
Great work!
Somewhat off topic because it is November: yesterday the Dutch country record for the month went.
Was 4 November 1994 at 21.1° C, Maastricht;
Is now 1 November 2014 at 22.0° C, Ell.
Maastricht went over, too, at 21.4° C.
As of 1900 but we're pretty sure since at least 1850.
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weatherhistorian has created a new entry.