By: Patrap, 5:01 PM GMT on June 21, 2013
It's time to dust off that family disaster plan, or in many cases, create one.
Keeping your family safe during a hurricane starts with proper planning. One in six Americans live along the eastern seaboard or the Gulf of Mexico, making hurricane preparation a must for many and their families.
Evacuation Considerations for the Elderly, Disabled and Special Medical Care Issues
Your Evacuation Plan
Disaster Supplies Kit
NOAA Alert Weather Radio's
"Think outside the Cone"
History teaches that a lack of hurricane awareness and preparation are common threads among all major hurricane disasters. By knowing your vulnerability and what actions you should take, you can reduce the effects of a hurricane disaster.
HURRICANE PREPAREDNESS TIPS
Hurricane hazards come in many forms: storm surge, high winds, tornadoes, and flooding. This means it is important for your family to have a plan that includes all of these hazards. Look carefully at the safety actions associated with each type of hurricane hazard and prepare your family disaster plan accordingly. But remember this is only a guide. The first and most important thing anyone should do when facing a hurricane threat is to use common sense.
You should be able to answer the following questions before a hurricane threatens:
What are the Hurricane Hazards?
What does it mean to you?
What actions should you take to be prepared?
Hurricanes and Your Health and Safety
* The great majority of injuries during a hurricane are cuts caused by flying glass or other debris. Other injuries include puncture wounds resulting from exposed nails, metal, or glass, and bone fractures.
* State and local health departments may issue health advisories or recommendations particular to local conditions. If in doubt, contact your local or state health department.
* Make sure to include all essential medications -- both prescription and over the counter -- in your family's emergency disaster kit.
* Hurricanes, especially if accompanied by a tidal surge or flooding, can contaminate the public water supply. Drinking contaminated water may cause illness. You cannot assume that the water in the hurricane-affected area is safe to drink.
* In the area hit by a hurricane, water treatment plants may not be operating; even if they are, storm damage and flooding can contaminate water lines. Listen for public announcements about the safety of the municipal water supply.
* If your well has been flooded, it needs to be tested and disinfected after the storm passes and the floodwaters recede. Questions about testing should be directed to your local or state health department.
* Use bottled water that has not been exposed to flood waters if it is available.
* If you don't have bottled water, you should boil water to make it safe. Boiling water will kill most types of disease-causing organisms that may be present. If the water is cloudy, filter it through clean cloths or allow it to settle, and draw off the clear water for boiling. Boil the water for one minute, let it cool, and store it in clean containers with covers.
* If you can't boil water, you can disinfect it using household bleach. Bleach will kill some, but not all, types of disease-causing organisms that may be in the water. If the water is cloudy, filter it through clean cloths or allow it to settle, and draw off the clear water for disinfection. Add 1/8 teaspoon (or 8 drops) of regular, unscented, liquid household bleach for each gallon of water, stir it well and let it stand for 30 minutes before you use it. Store disinfected water in clean containers with covers.
* If you have a well that has been flooded, the water should be tested and disinfected after flood waters recede. If you suspect that your well may be contaminated, contact your local or state health department or agriculture extension agent for specific advice.
* Do not eat any food that may have come into contact with flood water.
* Discard any food that is not in a waterproof container if there is any chance that it has come into contact with flood water. Food containers that are not waterproof include those with screw-caps, snap lids, pull tops, and crimped caps. Also, discard cardboard juice/milk/baby formula boxes and home canned foods if they have come in contact with flood water, because they cannot be effectively cleaned and sanitized.
* Inspect canned foods and discard any food in damaged cans. Can damage is shown by swelling; leakage; punctures; holes; fractures; extensive deep rusting; or crushing/denting severe enough to prevent normal stacking or opening with a manual, wheel-type can opener.
* Undamaged, commercially prepared foods in all-metal cans and retort pouches (for example, flexible, shelf-stable juice or seafood pouches) can be saved if you do the following:
o Remove the labels, if they are the removable kind, since they can harbor dirt and bacteria.
o Thoroughly wash the cans or retort pouches with soap and water, using hot water if it is available.
o Brush or wipe away any dirt or silt.
o Rinse the cans or retort pouches with water that is safe for drinking, if available, since dirt or residual soap will reduce the effectiveness of chlorine sanitation.
o Then, sanitize them by immersion in one of the two following ways:
+ place in water and allow the water to come to a boil and continue boiling for 2 minutes, or
+ place in a freshly-made solution consisting of 1 tablespoon of unscented liquid chlorine bleach per gallon of drinking water (or the cleanest, clearest water available) for 15 minutes.
* Air dry cans or retort pouches for a minimum of 1 hour before opening or storing.
* If the labels were removable, then re-label your cans or retort pouches, including the expiration date (if available), with a marker.
* Food in reconditioned cans or retort pouches should be used as soon as possible, thereafter.
* Any concentrated baby formula in reconditioned, all-metal containers must be diluted with clean, drinking water.
* Thoroughly wash metal pans, ceramic dishes, and utensils (including can openers) with soap and water, using hot water if available. Rinse, and then sanitize them by boiling in clean water or immersing them for 15 minutes in a solution of 1 tablespoon of unscented, liquid chlorine bleach per gallon of drinking water (or the cleanest, clearest water available).
* Thoroughly wash countertops with soap and water, using hot water if available. Rinse, and then sanitize by applying a solution of 1 tablespoon of unscented, liquid chlorine bleach per gallon of drinking water (or the cleanest, clearest water available). Allow to air dry.
Frozen and Refrigerated Foods
* If you will be without power for a long period:
o ask friends to store your frozen foods in their freezers if they have electricity;
o see if freezer space is available in a store, church, school, or commercial freezer that has electrical service; or
o use dry ice, if available. Twenty-five pounds of dry ice will keep a ten-cubic-foot freezer below freezing for 3-4 days. Use care when handling dry ice, and wear dry, heavy gloves to avoid injury.
* Your refrigerator will keep foods cool for about four hours without power if it is unopened. Add block or dry ice to your refrigerator if the electricity will be off longer than four hours.
* Thawed food can usually be eaten if it is still "refrigerator cold," or re-frozen if it still contains ice crystals.
* To be safe, remember, "When in doubt, throw it out." Discard any food that has been at room temperature for two hours or more, and any food that has an unusual odor, color, or texture.
Sanitation and Hygiene
It is critical for you to remember to practice basic hygiene during the emergency period. Always wash your hands with soap and water that has been boiled or disinfected:
* before preparing or eating
* after toilet use
* after participating in cleanup activities; and
* after handling articles contaminated with floodwater or sewage.
If there is flooding along with a hurricane, the waters may contain fecal material from overflowing sewage systems and agricultural and industrial waste. Although skin contact with floodwater does not, by itself, pose a serious health risk, there is risk of disease from eating or drinking anything contaminated with floodwater.
If you have any open cuts or sores that will be exposed to floodwater, keep them as clean as possible by washing them with soap and applying an antibiotic ointment to discourage infection. If a wound develops redness, swelling, or drainage, seek immediate medical attention.
Do not allow children to play in floodwater areas. Wash children's hands frequently (always before meals), and do not allow children to play with floodwater-contaminated toys that have not been disinfected. You can disinfect toys using a solution of one cup of bleach in five gallons of water.
Outbreaks of communicable diseases after hurricanes are unusual. However, the rates of diseases that were present before a hurricane may increase because of a lack of sanitation or overcrowding in shelters. Increases in infectious diseases that were not present before the hurricane are not a problem, so mass vaccination programs are unnecessary.
If you have wounds, you should be evaluated for a tetanus immunization, just as you would at any other time of injury. If you receive a puncture wound or a wound contaminated with feces, soil, or saliva, have a doctor or health department determine whether a tetanus booster is necessary based on individual records.
Specific recommendations for vaccinations should be made on a case-by-case basis, or as determined by local and state health departments.
Rain and flooding in a hurricane area may lead to an increase in mosquitoes. Mosquitoes are most active at sunrise and sunset. In most cases, the mosquitoes will be pests but will not carry communicable diseases. It is unlikely that diseases which were not present in the area prior to the hurricane would be of concern. Local, state, and federal public health authorities will be actively working to control the spread of any mosquito-borne diseases.
To protect yourself from mosquitoes, use screens on dwellings, and wear clothes with long sleeves and long pants. Insect repellents that contain DEET are very effective. Be sure to read all instructions before using DEET. Care must be taken when using DEET on small children. Products containing DEET are available from stores and through local and state health departments.
To control mosquito populations, drain all standing water left in open containers outside your home.
The days and weeks after a hurricane are going to be rough. In addition to your physical health, you need to take some time to consider your mental health as well. Remember that some sleeplessness, anxiety, anger, hyperactivity, mild depression, or lethargy are normal, and may go away with time. If you feel any of these symptoms acutely, seek counseling. Remember that children need extra care and attention before, during, and after the storm. Be sure to locate a favorite toy or game for your child before the storm arrives to help maintain his/her sense of security. Your state and local health departments will help you find the local resources, including hospitals or health care providers, that you may need.
Seeking Assistance after a Hurricane
SEEKING DISASTER ASSISTANCE: Throughout the recovery period, it is important to monitor local radio or television reports and other media sources for information about where to get emergency housing, food, first aid, clothing, and financial assistance. The following section provides general information about the kinds of assistance that may be available.
DIRECT ASSISTANCE: Direct assistance to individuals and families may come from any number of organizations, including: the American Red Cross, the Salvation Army, and other volunteer organizations. These organizations provide food, shelter, supplies and assist in clean-up efforts.
THE FEDERAL ROLE: In the most severe disasters, the federal government is also called in to help individuals and families with temporary housing, counseling (for post-disaster trauma), low-interest loans and grants, and other assistance. The federal government also has programs that help small businesses and farmers.
Most federal assistance becomes available when the President of the United States declares a Major Disaster for the affected area at the request of a state governor. FEMA will provide information through the media and community outreach about federal assistance and how to apply.
Coping after a Hurricane Everyone who sees or experiences a hurricane is affected by it in some way. It is normal to feel anxious about your own safety and that of your family and close friends. Profound sadness, grief, and anger are normal reactions to an abnormal event. Acknowledging your feelings helps you recover. Focusing on your strengths and abilities helps you heal. Accepting help from community programs and resources is healthy. Everyone has different needs and different ways of coping. It is common to want to strike back at people who have caused great pain. Children and older adults are of special concern in the aftermath of disasters. Even individuals who experience a disaster �second hand� through exposure to extensive media coverage can be affected.
Contact local faith-based organizations, voluntary agencies, or professional counselors for counseling. Additionally, FEMA and state and local governments of the affected area may provide crisis counseling assistance.
Minimize this emotional and traumatic experience by being prepared, not scared and therefore you and your family will stay in control and survive a major hurricane.
SIGNS OF HURRICANE RELATED STRESS:
* Difficulty communicating thoughts.
* Difficulty sleeping.
* Difficulty maintaining balance in their lives.
* Low threshold of frustration.
* Increased use of drugs/alcohol.
* Limited attention span.
* Poor work performance.
* Headaches/stomach problems.
* Tunnel vision/muffled hearing.
* Colds or flu-like symptoms.
* Disorientation or confusion.
* Difficulty concentrating.
* Reluctance to leave home.
* Depression, sadness.
* Feelings of hopelessness.
* Mood-swings and easy bouts of crying.
* Overwhelming guilt and self-doubt.
* Fear of crowds, strangers, or being alone.
EASING HURRICANE RELATED STRESS:
* Talk with someone about your feelings - anger, sorrow, and other emotions - even though it may be difficult.
* Seek help from professional counselors who deal with post-disaster stress.
* Do not hold yourself responsible for the disastrous event or be frustrated because you feel you cannot help directly in the rescue work.
* Take steps to promote your own physical and emotional healing by healthy eating, rest, exercise, relaxation, and meditation.
* Maintain a normal family and daily routine, limiting demanding responsibilities on yourself and your family.
* Spend time with family and friends.
* Participate in memorials.
* Use existing support groups of family, friends, and religious institutions.
* Ensure you are ready for future events by restocking your disaster supplies kits and updating your family disaster plans.
Click for New Orleans, Louisiana Forecast
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Updated: 2:37 AM GMT on June 28, 2013
By: Patrap, 3:03 PM GMT on June 20, 2013
re-post from Jan 2009 with added content..
No one knew what I knew at the moment it became known...
It was a singularity.
I ran the program 22 more times the next 3 days, and it was now no fluke,..it was going to happen. The end of days was certain now.
What was a slight deviation in the data stream time log from a Probe launched from Earth,.35 years ago, was the first indication that something was amiss.
The Voyager 1 Spacecraft 's orbit was changing. At first the community thought it was just due to transmission interruption.
Maybe even clock drift itself was the root cause.
But now,..the singularity has shown itself
Shimmers of radiant flux signaling its path thru the cosmos.
It will enter Sol's Gravity well tomorrow, in 9 years the event horizon Passes the Asteroid belt.
A blackness,a Hole in the Firmament,is going to end the drama and strip Sol of its children.
The News is just now being disseminated via the Web by Twitter, FaceBook,Cable and even by foot messenger in Nepal.
Not only Man,..but History has no future.
Only a countdown to what is a certainty.
Just now ,..here on the Campus, one can hear the screams and shrieks outside on the Quad as some hear the news.
Some drop to their knee's to pray.
"Crying wont help us,prayer wont due ya no good"...blares from the Bose player as I get lost in the dirge.
My phone rings,..
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Updated: 3:24 PM GMT on June 20, 2013
By: Patrap, 1:45 AM GMT on June 17, 2013
Jan 1 1997 Aerial view of a broken levee and the resultant flooding on the Sacramento River in the Sacramento River delta.
Sacramento Levee & Flood Risk
by Rowena Millado
Sacramento and the Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta’s risk for flooding is the highest in the country because of the city’s aging levee system that has been inadequately maintained. The River City has even less protection than that of New Orleans despite spending $300 million to strengthen the Sacramento and American rivers levees that has taken place for the past 20 years.
Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger declared a state of emergency for California’s levees in February 2006. He executed Executive Order S-01-06 directing agencies to identify, evaluate and repair critical systems. As a result, some critical erosion sites were repaired in 2006, but the underlying structural problem for the Sacramento region and the state remains.
According the Governor’s office, 33 levees have been repaired and 71 additional repairs are scheduled to be completed by September 2007. These repairs essentially retrofit the levees with rocks on its water side to rebuild its slope to original flood level protection.
Although these repairs were done without key federal funding, state representatives and the governor will continue to introduce federal initiatives to underwrite more of the repairs that are needed.
Even residents have taken steps toward greater protection by approving flood assessments for their area, as well as asking the city to cease building new homes in high flood risk areas.
The Sacramento Area Flood Control Agency is recommending some communities to carry flood insurance, even if the homeowner’s lender is not requiring them to do so. The Federal Emergency Management Agency estimates that, over the life of a 30-year mortgage, Downtown, Mid-Town, Oak Park, Natomas, Land Park and East Sacramento neighborhoods face a 26 percent chance of flooding, according to the Sacramento Area Flood Control Agency. Although some property owners will not have to get flood insurance because of the levee repairs in their neighborhood have decreased the risk.
For those neighborhoods who need the insurance, some may still be eligible to receive low-cost preferred flood rates.
Record Flood: The fifth record flood in 46 years occurs over the New Year's holiday. Unprecedented flows from rain and melted snow surge into the Feather and the San Joaquin. Sacramento is spared when the fury of the storm hits 40 miles north in the Feather River. Levee failures flood Olivehurst, Arboga, Wilton, Manteca, and Modesto.
Sacramento Flood History
A Coast Guard helicopter crew rescues a man stranded on the roof of his Olivehurst home on Jan. 3, 1997. A levee along the Feather River ruptured the night before sending acres of water into the Sutter County community.
A neighborhood in the Olivehurst area is lost in a muddy annex of the Feather River on Jan. 3, 1997 after a levee broke the night before.
More Levee Woes and the Suffering included from 1997.
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Updated: 9:31 PM GMT on June 19, 2013
By: Patrap, 3:56 PM GMT on June 15, 2013
We Miss you Dad and we Think of you every single day.
Sammy Jo and Dad at Jazz Fest 07
Jr. and Dad heading to Ship Island in Mississippi, 2003
© Karen K. Boyer
He never looks for praises
He's never one to boast
He just goes on quietly working
For those he loves the most
His dreams are seldom spoken
His wants are very few
And most of the time his worries
Will go unspoken too
He's there.... A firm foundation
Through all our storms of life
A sturdy hand to hold to
In times of stress and strife
A true friend we can turn to
When times are good or bad
One of our greatest blessings,
The man that we call Dad.
Source: Poem About A Silent Strong Dad
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Updated: 4:02 PM GMT on June 15, 2013
By: Patrap, 12:21 AM GMT on June 14, 2013
A big Deal here.
West Bank's $3 billion flood-control ring finished; milestone ceremony planned Monday
Marking a major milestone in the New Orleans area’s flood control improvements, the Army Corps of Engineers said it has finished all permanent structures in the $3-billion ring of levees and floodwalls around the West Bank of Orleans, Jefferson, Plaquemines and St. Charles parishes. Officials with the corps and other local agencies plan to hold a ceremony Monday to mark completion of the so-called West Bank and Vicinity project.
The 75-mile line of levees, floodwalls, gates and drainage pumps is designed to reduce flood risk on that side of the Mississippi River between Algiers and Ama. The system, which took more than 50 construction contracts to complete, is expected to protect that region from surge associated with a so-called 100-year storm, one with a 1 percent chance of occurring in any given storm season.
With the exception of lower Plaquemines Parish, areas on the west bank of the Mississippi River escaped the devastation that came after Hurricane Katrina. But that was because the storm’s trajectory pushed most of the surge to the east bank of the river.
Like the rest of the New Orleans area, the West Bank’s pre-Katrina levees and floodwalls were a system in name only. Wide areas had no levees at all. And widely populated areas had levees and floodwalls that were not up to the 100-year standard.
The West Bank and Vicinity project sought to fix that by raising the height of existing levees, building better floodwalls and closing the gaps in the protection. Just as important, the corps installed the world’s largest pump station, the West Closure Complex at the Harvey Canal, to reduce flood risk.
The corps said the last permanent structure in the system was completed with the recent construction of two monoliths at the Western Tie-In, where the West Bank system connects to the Mississippi River levee at Ama in St. Charles Parish.
From that spot, the system extends southeast through a levee just north of Lake Cataouatche, then snakes its way through a network of levees and floodwalls south of Westwego, Marrero, Harvey and Belle Chasse. There the system connects again to the Mississippi levee at Oakville in Plaquemines Parish.
Monday’s ceremony is set to begin at 10 a.m. at the new U.S. 90 bridge near the Davis Pond guide levee.
Completion of the West Bank's system is the second major milestone this week as the corps nears the final stages in its $14.5 billion overhaul of the region’s flood control system since Katrina. On Friday, the corps and contractor PCCP Constructors will begin construction of permanent pump stations at the mouths of the 17th Street, Orleans and London Avenue canals in New Orleans. That work is likely to cost almost $615 million.
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Updated: 12:27 AM GMT on June 14, 2013
By: Patrap, 2:44 PM GMT on June 09, 2013
It has arrived.
June 9 2013
When man began burning coal, then oil en masse,globally it was a God send we thought for Humanity.
Cheap abundant power for Industry and travel.
We could steam across Oceans and Rail across continents and Fly between Hemispheres daily.
Now, its clear and concise that our ego's outpaced our sanity.
Were warming at a rate so fast now since were at 400ppm CO2 that look at the Arctic Pole here.
Melt out at the Pole,not the edges.
The Damn Pole.
I'm sure Sen. Inhofe and the likes will punt,deflect,discount, obfuscate and BS the news.
It's what they do....
So when you see the Atlantic spitting out Hurricanes soon in the MDR like a Beagle whelping pups, reflect back to this date.
China and India will have there economic runs.
The CO2 will only escalate up the PPM scale.
The WV will be increasing by 10% for every 1F global increase in Fahrenheit.
But enjoy the er, "Divinity" for now.
Calamity will find you.
Europe is flooding today still.
Fill er up,...we've got to see Glacier National Park this Summer.
..or,well,..before, u know'.
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Updated: 1:06 PM GMT on June 13, 2013
The views of the author are his/her own and do not necessarily represent the position of The Weather Company or its parent, IBM.