Transcript of the NHC press conference; QuikSCAT science

By: Dr. Jeff Masters , 8:27 PM GMT on July 06, 2007

The National Hurricane Center political controversy continues today. In an Associated Press story released this morning, Senior Hurricane Specialist James Franklin of the National Hurricane Center commented on Bill Proenza's QuikSCAT claims, saying:

"He has been very loudly saying if it failed our forecasts for landfalling storms would be degraded, that warning areas would need to be expanded. None of that is the case, and he knows that we feel that way. The science is not there to back up the claims that he's making."

This was the same case I made in my blog yesterday. However, in comments published in the Miami Herald today, Dr. Bob Atlas, a QuikSCAT scientist who runs NOAA's Atlantic Oceanographic and Meteorological Laboratory on Virginia Key, rose to defend Proenza. To quote from the Herald:

He said the report challenged by Masters, even if not yet published, appears to be a "rigorous study" that provides the "most comprehensive study of QuikSCAT data related to hurricane predictions."

Atlas said nothing he has heard Proenza say about QuikSCAT has made him wince, though Atlas added that NOAA is developing ways to mitigate the loss of QuikSCAT data.

In addition, he said, Proenza's estimates of 16 percent and 10 percent have been misunderstood: They apply to the accuracy of one of many computerized forecast models rather than actual, end-result predictions by hurricane forecasters.

"Bill's worked very hard and very well to position the hurricane center to interact well with researchers," Atlas said.

Dr. Atlas was mis-quoted by Time Magazine, who printed this:

Bob Atlas, director of NOAA's Atlantic Oceanographic and Meteorological Laboratory in Miami, insist that Proenza's concerns "are very well founded. QuickScat is the most valuable forecasting tool." Atlas says he applauds Proenza's outspokenness, predicting it will "accelerate the effort to replace QuickScat with an even better scatterometer satellite."

I talked with Dr. Atlas this morning, and what he actually said is that "NCEP's Ocean Prediction Center (OPC) have referred to QuikSCAT as the most valuable tool they have." OPC issues the high seas marine forecasts and warnings for the North Atlantic and North Pacific. Dr. Atlas did not say QuickSCAT is the most valuable forecasting tool for hurricane forecasting which it is not. Dr. Atlas and I both agree on what the science says about QuikSCAT. I respect his support for Proenza, and hope that Proenza's superiors in Washington take into account all the facts in the case. I did my best to present what I know of the science in my blog yesterday. No one knows the full story of what's going on at NHC, but this morning's press conference, done by staff members at NHC who oppose Proenza, will help clarify things. A transcript was sent to me by WTVJ, the NBC Station in Miami.

Transcript of this morning's press conference

Senior Hurricane Specialist James Franklin
We have been a family here, we are a small group of about 50 people. When things are really happening, we've got a Katrina out there or a Rita type of storms, everybody needs to stop what they're doing and pull together and make sure our message gets out and that we're doing the best job that we can to make the best forecast. We've got a lot of people pulling together to do that. That takes a certain amount of teamwork and appreciation of sense of family and he's destroying that, he's destroying that.

He's divided the staff, and it's hard to know how we're going to be able to come together with him here. One thing that happened yesterday when the staff met, and talked about these issues and a lot of people learned for the first time about some of the issues going on yesterday, and that brought a lot of the staff together. You saw a number of people speaking out both in terms of 3 to 23 yesterday. We found out what was really going on here. and I think you're going to see more later on.

I was very very gratified, we had a wonderful meeting with staff, including those who have been prior supporters of Bill. And we're learning a lot of things for the very first time. There we're a number of people who agreed with us, didn't like the idea of going to the press, but felt he needed to go, there are a fair number of people who didn't sign the letter for that reason. They wanted to keep it in house, and I certainly understand that. About 70-percent of the people who were in the discussion yesterday, put their names on the paper.

I think we've learned an awful lot about Bill here, during the last six months that maybe we didn't know.

We would have liked to have seen Bill realize that he didn't have the support of the staff and step down. That's not going to happen apparently. The process, the Dept. of Commerce process, I imagine needs to go forward. I think it would be nice if they could take him out of the office while that process goes on, those are not decisions we can make.

Lixion Avila-Senior Hurricane Forecaster
-Been here longer than any other forecaster
-Worked for 5-hurricane directors

I was Bill's stronger supporter, I went with him to the Caribbean with the hurricane hunter plane. To develop the hurricane hunter plan, like I did with all the directors. And I'm very upset (loud truck drives by) that he's been misrepresenting the views of the National Hurricane Center, and the hurricane plan. That plan was developed by the previous five hurricane directors, it's a jewel, it's the best in the world and it's been something that Neil Frank, Bob Sheets and Jerry Jarrel and developed for 20-years in six months he wants to destroy that plan.

For example he, I'm a scientist not a manager, and I don't know anything about management, but I can tell you that he came to my office telling me that he wants my advice, that he can not work here if he doesn't hear my advice.. very helpful with the previous directors, and he asked me, and I said the first thing you need to do is quit talking about that QuikSCAT and tell him that is out of line, will help all the problems. And he says he will do that, instead he goes back to the media, and you don't publish that you only publish the good things he said.

He said that we don't want to work with him, because he brings many good ideas, and we don't want to do that. I want you to know that he has not made a hurricane forecast since 1964.

That satellite, I gave that example to many people here. There are many things more important than that satellite. Of course I want that someone to have that satellite. The example I gave everybody is like having a BMW with leather seats. If you don't have leather seats that BMW is going to ruin, and we are going to make a very damn good forecast this year, with Bill or without Bill, and I think. I'm being very emotional, because I was his strongest supporter and I feel betrayed.

I was the last forecaster to join the group. They were smarter than me, I was giving him one more chance. Two day's ago when he came to my office and said please, what should I do to solve this problem? And I was very naive and I told him you need to stop fighting, pretending you're David against Goliath, and all those things with NOAA. The public thinks you're a hero, but you're not. You just need to develop your time and saving the hurricane program that your predecessor developed so nicely, this castle that has been done here. and he went back and said he was going to do that, he went to the media and said the opposite, and that's the end, thank you.

James Franklin
I want to say something about the QuikSCAT issue because, because that's important. The QuikSCAT satellite, is important to us, it does a lot of good things for us. We want a next generation advanced instrument, however there are a lot of things that current instrument cannot do, and by misrepresenting the case for that satellite, he has made it seem so urgent and so important. That what we're afraid of, that we'll get a quick fix, a copy of the kind of thing with existing technology. And within a couple of years we'll be in exactly the same position same situation. QuikSCAT is not a tool to help us improve track forecasts, that's how it's been misrepresented. Bill waves this NOAA report that some of my colleagues worked on and said look this is it. That report did not address track forecast accuracy, that is another one of the misrepresentations.

QuikSCAT is important to help us understand the size of the wind field, the strength, the current instrument has a lot of trouble with rain, a lot of rain in tropical cyclones. We need to move forward if we take the time develop the technology further and in a few more years get at the technology that really helps us get at the intensity problem, that's where our forecast problem really is. We've made great strides with track, as you know we're having a lot more problems with intensity, and doing the QuikSCAT problem correctly, taking our time, developing new technology is one of the tools that we need to help solve the intensity problem. But because of the way it's been portrayed we're afraid that there's going to be a quick fix that's not going to address the track problem, and it doesn't address the track problem and it isn't going to end up helping us with what the forecasters really know will help us.

We've see members of the Congress talking about how the information from the recognizance aircraft are inferior to QuikSCAT, we're afraid that somebody might get it in their heads to fund a stopgap QuikSCAT to take funds from recon aircraft. There is no comparison, there is not a forecaster here who believes QuikSCAT is more important than recon aircraft or other tools we have. But because this issue has been misreported we're afraid we might lose what we have.

We've got forecasters still back at there desks doing their jobs and they'll continue doing that. But there's a lot of people losing sleep over this, and as we get into august September, October, I don't think you want a bunch of tired sick, forecasters working the forecast desk. I think it takes a full effort. It's not just about doing our jobs, we need to go over and beyond when those storms are coming, and that's becoming harder to do.

I think when things get busy, it's going to be harder for us to work effectively with the situation we have here.

Vivian Jorge, Administrative Officer
As far as myself in the administration, since Bill got here, is the turmoil in the administration, because in my sense, bill(sat breakup) likes controversy. And I myself have been asked to do things that I know are not procedure but have been asked to do because that's the way he wants things done, and I've worked at hurricane center since 1985.

Unfortunately I think a director needs to unite his staff and he needs to be a calming person. It doesn't need to be a no new ideas. All the directors have different ideas.. from Neil on down to Max, they were different, they were not the same, their management styles were not the same, but they united the staff, the listened to the staff, especially the folks who have been here for so many years. .. and I think in the case of bill he doesn't feel that's necessary, he always feels he knows best. And that again in our case, there's never been so many closed doors, so much intrigue at the hurricane center as now and that's really unfortunate. I can't tell you how proud I am to work here.

--End of Press Conference

QuikSCAT science
Enough of politics, let's talk science! I've communicated several times over the past few weeks with Dr. Paul Chang, a NOAA QuikSCAT scientist whose QuikSCAT web page I've linked to hundreds of times in my blogs over the past two years. He did not want to comment on the politics of the QuikSCAT issue (smart man!), but did ask me print these comments:

The need for an operational ocean surface vector wind satellite system like QuikSCAT (or actually better) goes much further than the hurricane issue, and the push for it started long before Bill Proenza became the NHC director. NHC actually wants/needs something better so that it can provide them with reliable and accurate information (intensity and structure) within all hurricanes. A few other users of QuikSCAT data include: The Department of Defense's Joint Typhoon Warning Center in Pearl Harbor, which has a much larger area to forecast for. They have no Hurricane Hunter data and much less surface and upper air data to work with, and thus use QuikSCAT winds quite a bit. This is a similar situation for NOAA's Central Pacific Hurricane Center located in Hawaii. QuikSCAT has also had significant positive impacts at the Ocean Prediction Center, which issues the high seas marine forecasts and warnings for the North Atlantic and North Pacific. This has led to the introduction of a warning category for hurricane force winds for the most dangerous extratropical cyclones. I know of at least a few private marine weather companies that routinely use QuikSCAT. The Australians, French and many others use QuikSCAT routinely for tropical storm forecast/analysis, and for marine weather in general.

The track degradation impact numbers that Bill Proenza has been stating publicly come from a limited data study for the 2003 season in the Atlantic with the GFS model only. I believe Bob Atlas did some earlier work studying the impact of QuikSCAT on Hurricane Cindy using an earlier version of the NCEP global model. Both of these studies did show promising positive impacts. They are of course limited studies, and a more in-depth study is warranted.

The GFS model hurricane track forecasts are just one piece of guidance that the NHC human forecasters use to generate the official track forecast, so the impact in a particular model guidance package does not directly translate to the same impact in the actual NHC officially issued track forecast. Additionally, QuikSCAT data are also used directly by forecasters at NHC and elsewhere, but this impact tends to be more difficult to quantify.

The aircraft are a very important hurricane operational and research tool, and no one involved in the QuikSCAT follow-on effort has ever said QuikSCAT (or its successor) should or could replace the role of the hurricane aircraft flights, just as no one has said that aircraft could replace the role of satellites. They are very complementary platforms, but they fulfill different roles.

It would be a shame if in the hubbub over Bill Proenza's push to get a replacement for the QuikSCAT satellite we lose sight of what all the scientists agree on--QuikSCAT is a vital tool in weather prediction that needs to be replaced with a better satellite. Both Dr. Atlas and Dr. Chang are working on research specifically designed to study just how much impact QuikSCAT has on landfalling hurricanes in the Atlantic, which no studies have yet quantified.

Read Margie' Kieper's View From the Surface Blog for more on the QuikSCAT/Bill Proenza matter.

Jeff Masters

The views of the author are his/her own and do not necessarily represent the position of The Weather Company or its parent, IBM.

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436. CFLSW
11:31 AM GMT on July 07, 2007
Morning StormW
75W 18N
Is there anything to this?
Or is this a small low caught inbetween 2 highs?
or what is it? if anything?
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435. BahaHurican
7:32 AM EDT on July 07, 2007
It's not impossible, but I think unlikely. I'd like to look at it again in about 4 hours.
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434. BahaHurican
7:23 AM EDT on July 07, 2007

That squiggly line that runs into FL and the Bahamas is a ridge of high pressure. You will notice on the second map that a high obvious over the Gulf as well.

What this suggests to me is that any weather "creating" in the Caribbean / Western Atlantic over the next few days will run smack into that ridge. Instead of going north, it would be more likely to head west.
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433. moonlightcowboy
11:28 AM GMT on July 07, 2007
Yeah, see...B high is set up further west. What's your take on what's happening with 96L. Partial Qscat pass has red barbs, TD status?
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431. BahaHurican
7:22 AM EDT on July 07, 2007
If anything came along with this ridge / high located as it is, it would end up in Belize / Central America.
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430. BahaHurican
7:18 AM EDT on July 07, 2007
And this is 48 hours out:

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429. moonlightcowboy
11:18 AM GMT on July 07, 2007
Baha, could you explain your map, please.

Looking at Qscat around 96L (partial vis pass) looks like the llc is still there, and a cluster of red barbs. Doesn't this mean TD?
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428. bobw999
7:12 AM EDT on July 07, 2007

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427. BahaHurican
6:56 AM EDT on July 07, 2007
Take a look at THIS!

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426. moonlightcowboy
10:56 AM GMT on July 07, 2007
Morning, Miami...just taking a look myself. At least it looks like some convection has blown up around the llc; but, not sure what's going on yet.
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425. Miamiweather
10:53 AM GMT on July 07, 2007
What is going on with 96L?
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424. C2News
5:01 AM EDT on July 07, 2007
Snore fest!
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423. sullivanweather
7:04 AM GMT on July 07, 2007
Good area of heavy rain moving into drought areas of Mississippi and Alabama.
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422. phillyfan909
2:16 AM EDT on July 07, 2007
Margie Kieper just posted another followup and said that he made it look like it was his bosses that initiated the surprise inspection when it was really the staff at NHC. So he wasn't being railroaded after all. If nothing else, he's a good manipulator. She said it's likely he'll be out soon. Good riddance and let's move on.
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421. sullivanweather
5:40 AM GMT on July 07, 2007
STL, Hurricane John was estimated to have a pressure of 910mb in the central pacific at peak intensity, but I guess it was never included in best track as minimum pressure because it wasn't obtained from instrument data.

Hurricane John Advisory #49
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419. RL3AO
12:09 AM CDT on July 07, 2007
I don't know when Tips record will be broken because a Atlantic system can't get to 869mb. The reason I say it won't be broken soon, is because I don't see the JTWC saying a system is stronger than tip based on satellite, but maybe I'm wrong.
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417. RL3AO
11:51 PM CDT on July 06, 2007
Impact meant the basin it impacted. Wilma is the strongest to impact the Atlantic.
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416. RL3AO
11:50 PM CDT on July 06, 2007
If you guys want to see a pinhole eye, you may have one by Monday.
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415. moonlightcowboy
4:48 AM GMT on July 07, 2007
Interesting, Michael. Powerful by area of development, or impact? Wilma had lower pressure, but Katrina had more impact, right? THANKS FOR CLEARING THAT UP!

Why did who stop doing recon there?
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414. RL3AO
11:49 PM CDT on July 06, 2007

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412. moonlightcowboy
4:40 AM GMT on July 07, 2007
wow...haven't watched convection in so long, that the blob around 10n, 40w looks like a super
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409. RL3AO
11:16 PM CDT on July 06, 2007
Check out 94W. It has a TCFA for it and its at about 4.8N
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408. Tazmanian
9:14 PM PDT on July 06, 2007
ues this map

good night
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407. moonlightcowboy
4:15 AM GMT on July 07, 2007, there's a blue speck out in front now...and I do think it's climbed maybe one degree, and still has some spin, too.
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406. barbadosjulie
4:13 AM GMT on July 07, 2007
thanx guys
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405. moonlightcowboy
4:12 AM GMT on July 07, 2007
L8R, Pottery...u stay safe, take it easy. You can give a post report
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404. WeatherfanPR
4:11 AM GMT on July 07, 2007
strong wind shear,not good for any development right now, maybe in the GOM a
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403. pottery2
12:09 AM AST on July 07, 2007
Anyway, I'm gone.
Out of internet zone until Monday, so you guys keep well for the week end. Stay safe Julie !
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402. pottery2
12:02 AM AST on July 07, 2007
Year Moonlight. Barbados gets them more often than T&T, obviously, but this little one has been so persistant and strange all along...........
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400. moonlightcowboy
3:56 AM GMT on July 07, 2007
Julie and, up waiting and watching, lol, don't blame you...these blows are weird sometimes. I believe you'll be just fine, but stay safe just the same!
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399. WeatherfanPR
3:56 AM GMT on July 07, 2007
JFLORIDA, let's wait and see what happens with that blob.
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398. pottery2
11:53 PM AST on July 06, 2007
Trinidad weather now-
79 f
Wind calm
humid. 83 %
press 1015 steady

No rain today in central Trinidad, but thunderstorms in south at about noon. Right now its oppresivley still ..........

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396. barbadosjulie
3:50 AM GMT on July 07, 2007
yeh we are forcasted to have showers, possible isolated thunder storms and gusty winds
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395. WeatherfanPR
3:52 AM GMT on July 07, 2007
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394. pottery2
11:29 PM AST on July 06, 2007
Hello. Just checking the status of 96 L.
I'm in Trinidad, off the coast of Venezuela as Moonlight says above.
I have always felt that this system would end up here, and have said so previously on this blog. My reasons were basically it was always a wave, with some circulation involved. But not enough circ. to turn it north, and in any event there was too much dry air and high press to its north.

My feelings for the remainder of the season,is that Atlantic systems are going to be under heavy manners from the SAL (like last year ), and I have said this before as well. I dont think there will be more than a couple of true Atlantic storms this year.

I am convinced, at this stage, that the climatic influences of the dry air coming off Africa, is going to be the single most important item on the life of trop. waves coming from there.

I would have liked to have seen more research done on the SAL, and its effects, and I think research was planned.
Unfortunately, it seems that budget constraints have stopped some of that.

Also, the bacchanal going on in weather administration right now will only make it more difficult for there to be any dynamic action there, to the detriment of forecasting in general.

Not a healthy situation at all...........
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393. bobcane
3:43 AM GMT on July 07, 2007

Look to your SE. Do you see 96L out there anywhere? That little swirl just won't give in. Just keeps doing the energizer bunny.
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391. Specky
3:41 AM GMT on July 07, 2007
Did anyone see Dr. Masters on TV tonight? He had a ten second spot on NBC Nightly News and about 3 minutes of live interview on CNBC. He was good. Maybe he should get the director job.
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390. barbadosjulie
3:39 AM GMT on July 07, 2007
The winds are actually higher than normal here (Barbados)
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389. Tazmanian
8:29 PM PDT on July 06, 2007
well what evere that they are going to do with bill they need to make it fast be for we start talking about a cat 5 hurricane its war right now at the nhc and that war is geting hoter and hoter evere day so they need to make up there mine on what they are going to do with bill and if we did get a hurricane oh will be tracking it and makeing the forcast why this war is going on what evere they are going today do they need to make it fast
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386. CJ5
3:18 AM GMT on July 07, 2007
Proenza mislead us, something I don't like.

Please quote some factual text where Proenza mislead anyone. I see where some claim he did and I see where some claim he didn't. Please provide quote from Bill Proenza that is untruthful.
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