TD 3 growing more organized

By: Dr. Jeff Masters , 8:01 PM GMT on July 22, 2010

Tropical Depression Three is steadily organizing, and appears poised to become a much stronger storm than was forecast. Water vapor satellite loops show that the upper level low to the west of TD 3 that has been bringing high levels of wind shear to the storm is now moving faster to the west than predicted. This faster motion has resulted in a reduction in wind shear over TD 3, to a moderate 10 knots. Satellite images of TD 3 show that the storm is taking advantage of the lower shear by developing several low-level spiral bands to the north and east of the center. However, the center of circulation is still exposed to view, and dry air is still getting injected into the core of the storm from the southwest. The storm's heavy thunderstorms have not increased in intensity this afternoon, and the amount of heavy thunderstorm activity near the core of the storm is still limited. TD 3 will need to build more intense thunderstorms near its center before significant intensification can occur. TD 3 is a small storm, and surface observations in the Bahamas do not show the circulation very well. An outer rain band of TD 3 is now visible on Miami long-range radar, and a flood watch has been issued for all of South Florida. The Hurricane Hunters are in the storm at present, and have found top surface winds of 35 - 40 mph.

Figure 1. Afternoon satellite image of TD 3.

Track Forecast for TD 3
The storm is in a straightforward steering current environment, and TD 3 should progress steadily to the west-northwest through Sunday. This will bring the storm ashore over the Florida Keys or South Florida on Friday, and into the Gulf of Mexico on Saturday. The latest set of model runs from 8am EDT (12Z) foresee a track more to the north than the previous set of model runs. This increases the threat to the oil spill region, and I give a 40% chance that the oil spill region will see tropical storm force winds of 39 mph or higher this weekend. Oil recovery and relief well drilling operations should cease. If TD 3 makes a direct hit on the oil spill region as a tropical storm with 50 - 60 mph winds, it will likely drive a storm surge of 3 - 6 feet with high waves on top into the Louisiana marshlands, fouling a large area with oil. Oil would also penetrate into Lake Pontchartrain, which lies just two feet above sea level. However, the wave action of the storm will dilute the oil to some degree, which may limit the damage to the marshlands.

If you are wondering about the specific probabilities of receiving tropical storm force winds at your location, I recommend the wind probability product from NHC. The latest 5 pm probabilities of various locations getting tropical storm force winds, 39 mph or higher:

Marathon 55%
Marco Island 43%
Miami 34%
New Orleans 33%
Galveston 13%

Intensity Forecast for TD 3
The primary detriment to development of TD 3 for the next three days will be the presence of the large upper-level low to its west. If the low remains in its present location, relative to TD 3, it will bring wind shear of about 10 knots to the storm. This will allow for steady intensification of perhaps 20 mph per day, and TD 3 could be a hurricane by Sunday at that pace. However, if the upper-level low slows down a bit, relative to TD 3, more shear and dry air will affect the storm, potentially weakening it. None of the computer models is calling for TD 3 to strengthen into a hurricane, but if the shear continues at 10 knots, I expect TD 3 will become a hurricane. My low-confidence intensity forecast gives TD 3 a 40% chance of becoming a hurricane. NHC is putting the odds of TD 3 being a hurricane at 2 pm Sunday at 15% with their 5pm advisory.

An area of disturbed weather (98L) has developed in the Gulf of Mexico's Bay of Campeche. This system is under a low amount of shear, 5 - 10 knots, and probably does not have enough time to organize into a tropical depression before making landfall along the Mexican coast a few hundred miles south of the Texas border on Friday.

Resources for the BP oil disaster
Map of oil spill location from the NOAA Satellite Services Division
My post, What a hurricane would do the Deepwater Horizon oil spill
My post on the Southwest Florida "Forbidden Zone" where surface oil will rarely go
My post on what oil might do to a hurricane
NOAA's interactive mapping tool to overlay wind and ocean current forecasts, oil locations, etc.
Gulf Oil Blog from the UGA Department of Marine Sciences
Oil Spill Academic Task Force
University of South Florida Ocean Circulation Group oil spill forecasts
ROFFS Deepwater Horizon page
Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) imagery from the University of Miami

Next update
I'll have an update in the morning. ABC World News Tonight will probably show a sound bite I did for them today, on their 6:30pm broadcast.

Jeff Masters

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1669. Patrap
Floater - Rainbow Color Infrared Loop
Member Since: July 3, 2005 Posts: 449 Comments: 140037
Quoting sammywammybamy:
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WTF happened!!!!

Someone or perhaps several someones should get a 24 hr for that stunt.

I'm not a wishcaster, but most of the models put that thing right up my driveway. I sure hope it stays de-coupled and relatively disorganized. That should keep it weak. Either way I don't like the track, if it foretells of future trends.

Does anyone remember who followed Cindy? (The storm whose name shall not be spoken or written.) We'll all know more about this mess tomorrow.
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Quoting Skyepony:

Maybe he saw the 12z CMC (scroll right click FWD) with 2 hurricanes pushing oil up on LA he scream emergency!

sure hope thats an annommily.
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1658. shawn26
When are the newest models due out?
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My first forecast for Bonnie, in good confidence on the track, should clip South Florida as it continues the Northwest track.. The ULL as I've been stressing all day to people should continue a westward movement across the GOM and away enough to get Bonnie going. I'm giving Bonnie a 50/50 chance for Hurricane status, but mainly a strong TS should be in the GOM in the next few days and the people were smart to prepare up in LA, not foolish.

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Quoting WatchingThisOne:

had to ignore him to read the bottom of the blog

My read is that total oceanic heat content and depth of 26 degree isotherm may be the limiting factors on development of Bonnie once she hits the Gulf. Agree? Or is this enough?

According to what I have read its an unfavorable condition in the upper atmosphere that will be the limiting factor.
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Member Since: April 26, 2009 Posts: 3 Comments: 3667
National Hurricane Center - 8:00 pm Advisory
*Graphics Update

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1639. Bonz
When is satellite eclipse tonight? The page at NOAA has broken links.
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this blog is insane today more than usual, but on another note TS Bonnie is exploding with convection near the center
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Quoting NorthEastWishcaster:
Here we go and it is so early in the season. Always wishcasting that NW motion.

NHC, wishcasting, lol, NWard ho.
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1629. JLPR2
Quoting MiamiHurricanes09:
Blog Update!

July 22, 2010 - 8:35 PM EDT - Tropical Storm Bonnie Develops

And there goes Stormtop's July outlook, right through the window. LOL!
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hey gang...we've been in FL...a local mentioned TD3 and now I see we have Bonnie. We're heading home to Lafayette, LA Saturday late...any reason to head home earlier? TIA
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1625. Patrap
GOM 84 Hour Wave Forecast (using SWAN) Model
Member Since: July 3, 2005 Posts: 449 Comments: 140037

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Dr. Masters co-founded wunderground in 1995. He flew with the NOAA Hurricane Hunters 1986-1990. Co-blogging with him: Bob Henson, @bhensonweather

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