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FXUS61 KPHI 232119

Area Forecast Discussion
National Weather Service Mount Holly NJ
519 PM EDT Fri Jun 23 2017

A cold front over the Midwest states this afternoon will move 
through the region on Saturday. Meanwhile, remnant tropical moisture 
will stream northeastward ahead of the front. High pressure builds 
in from the Great Plains and Midwest region for the second half of 
the weekend. A weak cold front is expected to move through the 
region Monday night or Tuesday. High pressure returns to the area 
for the middle of next week before moving off the coast late in the 


Severe Thunderstorm Watch 369 is in effect until 10 pm.

Previous discussion...
Not many changes from the previous forecast. We still expect to
see scattered showers and thunderstorms to move into our region
from the west over the next several hours. Any clearing this 
afternoon has been mostly self-destructive as cumulus fields 
have developed quickly when there has been any clearing (except 
over Delmarva - where a stronger cap is in place). As a result, 
we are slightly cooler than previously expected at the surface. 
However, still warm enough for ML CAPE values above 500 J/kg 
across our region. In addition, a favorable wind profile with 
increasing amounts of 0-6 km shear (primarily speed shear, as 
flow above 900 mb is nearly unidirectional). Thus, there remains
a marginal to slight risk for severe storms over our region 
through the evening hours. 

Once we get to late this evening, we should see a brief lull as the 
short wave trough weakens and the boundary layer stabilizes. After 
midnight though, the cold front is expected to approach the region 
from the west, and just ahead of this front, we should see one more 
round of showers and thunderstorms. By tonight, the threat shifts 
from strong winds to heavy downpours. However, the progressive 
nature of the front should limit any flooding threat.


The biggest difference with the latest model runs was how much 
faster most models bring the front through the area, with many 
models showing it clearing the coast by 12Z. I'm not sure it will 
move through that quickly, but did trend faster. This has not only 
implications for how quickly we dry out (likely should see dry 
conditions across the region by late morning), but also in the wind 
forecast and with the max temperature forecast (chose to go closer 
to the cooler operational models than the MOS guidance).


The large-scale pattern over the CONUS will feature an upper trough 
east of the Rockies and an upstream ridge through early next week. 
For our area, this pattern will 1) allow for a break in the active 
stretch of weather we have had recently and 2) keep us far away from 
the heart of the summer heat (western CONUS).

A cold front will slowly approach from the northwest Monday before 
moving through the forecast area sometime either Monday night or 
Tuesday morning. Meanwhile, a series of shortwave disturbances 
rounding the base of Great Lakes upper trough may provide a source 
of deeper lift for showers both days. The bulk of the forcing for 
ascent looks to remain upstream of our area on Monday, so it is 
likely that any diurnally-driven convection will be sparse in 
coverage and confined to the higher terrain N/W of the Fall Line. 
There is no mention of thunder in the forecast for Monday as 
soundings from both the NAM and GFS do not indicate a favorable 
environment for sustained deep convection owing to limited moisture 
availability and a residual capping inversion in place. Despite a 
post-frontal regime, the setup may be slightly more conducive for 
low-topped thunderstorms on Tuesday as a cold pool aloft that is 
associated with the upper trough shifts overhead and helps steepen 
the mid-level lapse rates.

Mainly dry conditions are expected Tuesday night-Thursday with high 
pressure influencing our weather. Showers and storms return to the 
forecast next Friday as high pressure shifting offshore and the next 
low pressure system approaches from the west. Kept PoPs low (20-30 
percent) for Friday given the considerable model disagreement on D7. 

Temperatures will be slightly below normal and quite comfortable for 
outdoor activity with highs for most of the area in upper 70s and 
lower 80s (except mid 80s on Sunday across the I-95 corridor, east) 
through the middle of next week. Temperatures gradually return to 
near normal late in the week as the high moves off the coast and 
southerly return flow develops.


The following discussion is for KPHL, KPNE, KTTN, KABE, KRDG, KILG,
KMIV, KACY and surrounding areas.

MVFR and even brief IFR conditions will be possible with any showers 
and thunderstorms that may move over the TAF sites. The primary 
period for showers and thunderstorms will be first through 03Z, and 
then again between 08 and 12Z (possibly going as late as 15Z for the 
coastal sites including KACY and KMIV). 

Otherwise, mostly VFR conditions are expected with skies clearing 
after 15Z. 

Breezy southwesterly winds, with gusts up to 20 kt will be possible 
through about 00Z. An abrupt wind shift, winds shifting from 
southwesterly to northwesterly, is expected with a cold front 
moving over the area generally between 10 and 15Z.


Saturday night through Monday morning...VFR. Winds primarily out of 
the W or NW.

Monday afternoon through Tuesday...Most VFR but sub-VFR restrictions 
still a possibility, especially on Tuesday in locally heavier 

Tuesday night and Wednesday...VFR.


SCA conditions, for both winds and seas are expected to continue 
tonight and tomorrow. An abrupt wind shift from southwesterly to 
northwesterly winds is expected by mid day Saturday. Winds may 
diminish a bit behind the front, but seas are expected to remain 
elevated through much of the day.


Saturday night...Did not extend the current SCA into Saturday night 
with seas likely to drop below 5 ft in our coastal Atlantic waters. 
W-SW winds around 10 kt early in the evening shift to NW behind a 
cold front.

Sunday through Wednesday...Winds and seas are expected to remain 
below SCA criteria. An isolated tstm possible on Tuesday.

A moderate risk for the formation of dangerous rip currents 
continues today for the NJ shore. For tomorrow, winds will be 
shifting off shore, but a 5 to 6 ft swell may lead to a moderate
risk for the formation of dangerous rip currents especially 
along the central and southern NJ shore. For the northern NJ 
shore and the Delaware beaches, the risk is expected to be low 
at this time. However, even with a low risk...the bigger diurnal
difference in the tide cycle due to the new moon today could 
mean some rapidly changing conditions.


Very high astronomical tides will continue through the next few days 
in association with the new moon today. However, flow should be
shifting more offshore, so though spotty minor tidal flooding 
is possible with this afternoon/evening's high tide, the threat 
for widespread minor tidal flooding has diminished.


MARINE...Small Craft Advisory until 6 PM EDT Saturday for ANZ450>455.
     Small Craft Advisory until 9 PM EDT this evening for ANZ430-


Near Term...Johnson
Short Term...Johnson

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