Scientific Forecaster Discussion
Area forecast discussion
National Weather Service Wilmington Ohio
417 PM EDT Wednesday Jul 27 2016
a stalled frontal boundary near the Ohio River will provide a
chance for scattered showers and thunderstorms through this
evening. A wave of low pressure traveling along the front will
bring an increased likelihood for showers and thunderstorms
Thursday into Friday. Unsettled weather will continue into the
weekend as several disturbances aloft interact with a persistently
moist and unstable airmass.
Near term /until 6 am Thursday morning/...
afternoon satellite imagery reveals the stationary front
positioned just south of the Ohio River where dewpoints are in the
low to mid 70s. Isolated to scattered showers and storms are
forecast through this evening mainly in the vicinity of the front.
Mid level energy currently triggering a thunderstorm complex over
the lower Mississippi Valley will lift northeast and become caught
up in a digging trough over the upper Midwest. This will carry
the energy into the Ohio Valley late this evening into early
Thursday, with the better forcing triggering a better chance of
showers and storms across our southwest between 04-10z. This
scenario is supported by various cams, though they remain split on
timing. The good news is that any activity tonight, though it will
develop in a moist environment with pwats around 2 inches, should
be pretty progressive as it pushes east through the greater cincy
tri-state area. Aside from some recent heavy rain over Ripley
County and just south of Cincinnati, this area has not seen much
excessive rainfall lately. Cannot rule out some storms with heavy
rain, but am not expecting more than a very localized flash flood
threat from the activity late tonight. Went close to guidance for
lows tonight in the upper 60s to lower 70s.
Short term /6 am Thursday morning through Thursday night/...
main concern on Thursday will be a higher potential for some flash
flooding across mainly south-central Ohio and northeast Kentucky
as a potent shortwave crosses the iln County Warning Area and interacts with a
very moist airmass. This shortwave energy will develop a couple
weak surface lows that will lift through eastern Kentucky into south-
central Ohio in a moisture rich environment with pwats of 2 to 2.2
inches (2-3 sigma above normal for this time of year). Warm cloud
depths will be >4km and a modest low level jet will lead to favorable
moisture transport across our southeast, though conditions will be
most favorable just outside of the iln County Warning Area. Given bulk shear
vectors from the southwest, do expect potential for training
cells over southern Ohio and northern Kentucky. Synoptic models are in
pretty good agreement with the axis of heaviest precip setting up
over our southeast, so have issued a Flash Flood Watch for this
area. At this time expect 1.5 to 2 inches of rainfall within the
watch area with locally higher amounts possible. Later shifts will
have to monitor whether the better forcing and axis of heaviest
precip may shift further west, though. While 0-6km wind shear
across our south will range from 25-35 knots, forecast soundings
show a nearly saturated column through the mid levels with tall
skinny cape <1000 j/kg. Thus, severe potential should be limited.
Precip chances will decrease Thursday night as the best forcing
Cloud cover and rain will keep temperatures down across our
southeast, where highs will likely struggle to reach 80. It will
be warmer northwest of I-71 where temperatures will climb into the
low to mid 80s. Lows Thursday night will be in the mid to upper
Long term /Friday through Wednesday/...
the long term will start with a series of upper level disturbances
moving across the area along with a front stalled out. This will
help to keep the chance of rain in the forecast almost through the
entire extended until Tuesday when weak mid-level ridging moves into
Looking more into the details, Friday will open up with a shortwave
moving across the region and the leftover frontal boundary from
earlier in the week still across the area. Upper level lift is
sufficient with weak positive vorticity advection moving across and moisture values remain
above average for this time of year with pwats forecasted to be
around 1.70". Instability is also present with ml cape values around
500 j/kg. As the shortwave exits Friday pops will slowly taper off
due to weak subsidence behind the wave.
Saturday through Sunday another weak shortwave trough will remain in
close proximity to the area with a surface front located across the
County Warning Area. This will help to bring the chance of rain right back to the
area. Given the weak upper level trough quickly pulling east the
cold front stalling across the area seems likely. Given the chance
of showers and thunderstorms during the day have kept high
temperatures near climo. Monday into Tuesday as the shortwave trough
exits weak mid-level ridging will then build overhead as mid-level
high pressure builds over the central United States. There still
remains timing differences on when the high will build and how far
it will build east. For now have just trended pops down.
Aviation /19z Wednesday through Monday/...
convection has been slow to develop today, although latest radar
loop is showing storms developing in central Kentucky. Expect all this
convection to stay south of the tafs this afternoon.
The early morning fog has lifted into diurnal cu. Most cigs are
VFR, but there is patchy MVFR around luk. Expect this sig to rise
to VFR in the first few hours of the forecast.
Aft 00z tonight, a surge of moisture begins to work N ahead of of
a 500 mb S/W. Brought thunderstorms in the vicinity into cvg/luk around 06z. Lingering low
level moisture across the srn tafs could lead to MVFR fog
By 12z, better tstm coverage is expected, so brought in some
prevailing pcpn and MVFR cigs to cvg/luk. Models are indicating
the best surge will be along and S of I-71, so only went with vcsh
Outlook...thunderstorms likely Thursday night into Saturday.
Ohio...Flash Flood Watch from 2 am EDT Thursday through Friday
morning for ohz079-081-082-088.
Kentucky...Flash Flood Watch from 2 am EDT Thursday through Friday
morning for kyz097>100.