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Area forecast discussion
National Weather Service Taunton Massachusetts
910 PM EDT Mon Oct 16 2017

Synopsis...
cool and dry weather through Tuesday, then a gradual warm up
begins Wednesday and continues into the weekend. Dry weather
prevails through the weekend and possibly into next Monday.

&&

Near term /until 6 am Tuesday morning/...
910 PM update...

Still a good amount of cloud cover as short wave has yet to
cross sne, but it will do so overnight and should be offshore
by 09z. High clouds over Rhode Island/southeast Massachusetts will head out to sea but we
are a little more concerned about lower clouds near coast and
also pushing south into interior southern New England. Cross sections indicate
drying over most of region after midnight, so we are confident
clearing will take place overnight except near Cape Cod and
islands where clouds will linger due to northerly flow.

Frost advisories remain posted for much of interior where
growing season is still active. Timing of clearing should still
allow lows to drop into low to mid 30s by sunrise, although it
does look marginal right near South Coast (inland locations in
these zones stand the best chance).

&&

Short term /6 am Tuesday morning through Tuesday night/...
Tuesday...
center of high pressure moves to the mid Atlc region but surface
ridging will be in control with abundant sunshine and light
winds. After a chilly start, temps will recover to the mid/upper
50s which is about 5 degrees below normal.

Tuesday night...
surface ridging shifts south of new eng with SW flow
developing. Clear skies and light winds will result in another
cool night but temps not as cool as tonight as weak low level
warm advection commences. Lows ranging from mid/upper 30s in the
colder outlying locations to the 40s along the coast.

&&

Long term /Wednesday through Monday/...
355 am update...

* highlights...

- warmer than normal this period with highs in the 70s Thu-Sat-sun
- dry weather through the weekend

Overview and model preferences...
the long term is marked by a mean nearly zonal jet squeezed
between longwave Arctic vortex pinwheeling near the northwest
territories and unforgiving ridging across the S and southeast Continental U.S.
Which has remained a player for a few weeks now. As previous
forecaster noted, there are a couple of weak shortwave
perturbations which will push through this flow, however given
the confluence implied within the jet, they generally remain
weak and nearly open. Also, their origins within a cp airmass
suggest little moisture attendant to each wave. Therefore, a
mainly dry week-weekend pattern is favored, with a gradual
reinforcement of the ridge to the S allowing for progressively
warmer conditions, until a mid Continental U.S. Longwave is able to dry
deeper moisture by mid next week. Both operational and ensemble
guidance is on board, so feel a consensus blend will work for
this update.

Details...

Wed and Thu...
+1025hpa high pres begins a slow slide to the east-southeast across S New
England. This allows overall winds to shift to more of a return
flow setup, ie west-southwest or purely SW. Implied weak warm advection
allows 850 mb temps to warm from an average around +8c on Wed to
+10c on Thu with h92 temps near +13c at peak on Thu. Bl mixing
should be able to tap these values, so expecting highs to reach
into the upper 60s low 70s Wed followed by low-mid 70s on Thu in
spite of a few clouds from the north associated with a weak
front/shortwave. Afternoon mixing should also keep dwpts in the
mid 40s, which suggest that lows each night, given weak flow and
little cloud cover, to reach the mid 40s in the coolest spots,
warmer in the urban heat islands.

Fri...
weak cold frontal passage with barely a precipitable water spike to 0.5
inches early Fri, and given the lack of overall moisture only a
few clouds are likely to result. This will put a modest damper
on warming, as 850 mb temps drop back closer to +8c, and as such
highs are likely to remain in the mid-upper 60s rather than the
70s experienced mid-week. Still dry, however as the moisture
starved column is unlikely to produce any rainfall in spite of
the lift implied by the early day frontal passage.

Sat and sun...
continued warming as 500 mb heights reach nearly 2 std deviations
above normal, along with 850 mb temps 10-13c warmer than mid
October normals. This is thanks to a gradual longwave trof
development well upstream. The resulting nearly 1030hpa high
pres continues the dry spell, while the rising heights/warm air advection
suggests another surge in warmth through the weekend. At this
time, 850 mb temps hover near +13c Sat, followed by +15c on sun.
This should allow highs to reach well into the low to mid 70s
Sat and mid to even upper 70s possible on sun, exacerbated in
spots where west downsloping can be maximized. Dwpts within the
high remain relatively low-seasonable, mainly in the mid 40s to
around 50, so lows each night given weak flow and mainly clear
skies should be able to dip to these values as well.

Early next week...
deeper longwave trof upstream may finally be able to trap Gulf
of Mexico moisture and advect it poleward toward the NE Continental U.S.. a
frontal boundary, although slow as it becomes parallel to the
mid lvl flow may approach sometime Mon-Tue and allow for some
wetting precipitation. It is with this gradual shift, and how
deep or progressive the upstream wave ultimately is, where
guidance begins to split more significantly. Therefore, will
just need to watch as solutions converge as all the players
become better sampled by remote sensing.

&&

Aviation /01z Tuesday through Saturday/...
forecaster confidence levels...

Low - less than 30 percent.
Moderate - 30 to 60 percent.
High - greater than 60 percent.

Short term /through Tuesday night/...high confidence.

Tonight...
VFR. Lowest ceilings mainly 035-050 southeast MA, but trend toward clearing
all terminals overnight. Northwest winds diminish inland, but could
continue to gust 15-25 kt mainly cape/islands.

Tuesday...VFR. North wind gusts to 20 kt across cape/islands in the
morning, then diminishing.

Tuesday night...VFR. Light winds turning SW.

Kbos terminal...high confidence in taf.

Kbdl terminal...high confidence in taf.

Outlook /Wednesday through Saturday/...high confidence.

Mainly VFR through the period except some patchy ground fog at
typically prone terminals each morning.

&&

Marine...
forecaster confidence levels...

Low - less than 30 percent.
Moderate - 30 to 60 percent.
High - greater than 60 percent.

Short term /through Tuesday night/...high confidence.

Mid level trough passage tonight will bring another pulse of
gusty northerly winds. A period of 25 kt gusts expected tonight
with Small Craft Advisory for all waters. Winds diminish during Tue with light
winds Tue night as high pres builds across the waters.

Outlook /Wednesday through Saturday/...

Wed into early Thu...high confidence.
High pres builds over the waters with mainly quiet boating
weather expected.

Late Thu into Fri...moderate confidence.
A cold front will cross the waters. This will bring about a
period where west winds reach around 25 kt at times, mainly late
Thu and Thu night. Seas will reach 5-7 ft mainly on the east open
ocean waters. Small craft advisories may be needed for at least
a portion of the waters.

Sat...high confidence.
High pres once again returns to the waters with quiet boating
weather expected.

&&

Box watches/warnings/advisories...
CT...frost advisory from 3 am to 8 am EDT Tuesday for ctz002>004.
Massachusetts...frost advisory from 3 am to 8 am EDT Tuesday for maz005-006-
009>014-017-018-020-021-026.
Rhode Island...frost advisory from 3 am to 8 am EDT Tuesday for riz001-003-
006.
Marine...Small Craft Advisory until 8 am EDT Tuesday for anz231>235-237-
251.
Small Craft Advisory until 6 am EDT Tuesday for anz230-236.
Small Craft Advisory until 2 PM EDT Tuesday for anz250.
Small Craft Advisory until 5 PM EDT Tuesday for anz254-255.
Small Craft Advisory until noon EDT Tuesday for anz256.

&&

$$
Synopsis...kjc/doody
near term...jwd

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