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Rhuddlan Castle 1277

Uploaded by: Cowgazer

Sunday September 8, 2013

Rhuddlan, United Kingdom

Caption: Work began in 1277 and was completed in 1282

Image Width: 3008

Image Length: 2000

x-Resolution: 72.00

y-Resolution: 72.00

Resolution Unit: Inch

Orientation: top - left

YCbCr Sub-Sampling:

Image Description: KONICA MINOLTA DIGITAL CAMERA

Manufacturer: KONICA MINOLTA

Model: MAXXUM 5D

Software: MAXXUM 5D v1.00

Compression: JPEG compression

Exif Version: Exif Version 2.21

FlashPixVersion: FlashPix Version 1.0

Color Space: sRGB

Components Configuration: Y Cb Cr -

PixelXDimension: 3008

PixelYDimension: 2000

User Comment:

Exposure Time: 1/250 sec.

FNumber: f/10.0

Exposure Program: Normal program

ISO Speed Ratings: 100

Brightness:

Exposure Bias: 0.00 EV

MaxApertureValue: 3.61 EV (f/3.5)

Metering Mode: Pattern

Light Source: 0

Flash: Flash did not fire, compulsory flash mode.

Focal Length: 18.0 mm

Subject Area: Within rectangle (width 256, height 304) around (x,y) = (1504,1000)

Custom Rendered: Normal process

Exposure Mode: Auto exposure

White Balance: Auto white balance

Digital Zoom Ratio: 0.00

Focal Length In 35mm Film: 27

Scene Capture Type: Standard

Gain Control: Normal

Contrast: Normal

Saturation: Normal

Sharpness: Normal

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Display: 50, 100, 200 Sort: Newest First - Order Posted
22. Drifter50
2:20 AM GMT on September 11, 2013
Congratulations on double WV selection, Peter!
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Member Since: September 13, 2009 Comments: 933
21. WurzelDave
6:50 PM GMT on September 10, 2013
Fabulous shot Peter, they certainly knew how to build beck then. Congrats on blue.
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Member Since: November 23, 2008 Comments: 15196
20. Faasai
11:26 AM GMT on September 10, 2013
Congrats on a well deserved new AC!
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Member Since: June 11, 2011 Comments: 4845
19. CalicoBass
8:28 AM GMT on September 10, 2013
Very beautiful Peter, Congrats on your new AC, love it and the series!
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Member Since: February 1, 2009 Comments: 30192
18. Biskitten
12:34 AM GMT on September 10, 2013
Super shot - AC & WV Congrats, Peter!
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Member Since: September 10, 2010 Comments: 35744
17. Wanda1948
6:17 PM GMT on September 09, 2013
Congratulations on the World View!
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Member Since: November 18, 2009 Comments: 66719
16. Doesiedoats
6:11 PM GMT on September 09, 2013
WOW!

Two World View selections in one week!

Congratulations!
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Member Since: September 27, 2007 Comments: 27304
15. hoecat
12:04 AM GMT on September 09, 2013
Very interesting history lesson Peter ! The picture is cool also but I wonder what it looked like back when it was finished. Thanks for sharing the knowledge and structure that is ancient :)
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Member Since: September 26, 2008 Comments: 1056
14. CythiaSue
10:47 PM GMT on September 08, 2013
Beautiful, thank you for sharing this!
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Member Since: April 23, 2010 Comments: 12318
13. docshovel39
10:38 PM GMT on September 08, 2013
WOW , this is GREAT Peter ! LOVE the photo and the history with it . Congrats on the AC - 10+
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Member Since: October 22, 2010 Comments: 7330
12. ChrisAnthemum
9:39 PM GMT on September 08, 2013
Great series, Peter; congrats on the blue!

Update: Congrats on the WORLD VIEW!
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Member Since: January 16, 2009 Comments: 28163
11. snosno
9:22 PM GMT on September 08, 2013
Fantastic series, Peter. AC congrats!! Very cool castle :)
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10. YouKnowWho
9:17 PM GMT on September 08, 2013
Wonderful history & striking image and series!
Congrats!
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Member Since: December 23, 2012 Comments: 24752
9. nanapoo
9:03 PM GMT on September 08, 2013
Fantastic composition of this treasure under a gorgeous sky! Love the river and bridges below too! Congrats on a well deserved AC Peter!
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Member Since: June 30, 2011 Comments: 27839
8. BriarCraft
8:48 PM GMT on September 08, 2013
I very much appreciate this photo as well as the history you took the time and effort to give us. And I especially like to see such places that I would never otherwise be able to enjoy.
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Member Since: June 21, 2004 Comments: 2241
7. ruralartist
8:33 PM GMT on September 08, 2013
Amazing view! Thanks for the historical perspective too Peter. Congrats on your new Blue.
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Member Since: March 6, 2011 Comments: 6110
6. Cowgazer
8:04 PM GMT on September 08, 2013
Thanks for your comments, this was my first visit to this castle its too easy to pass by on the major roads. The walls are rather crumbly in many places so I would think the flags stay put until tattered then a brave soul gets up there again. Flag on the left is the Welsh flag, Wales is not represented on the Union flag as it was already ceded to England before the Act of Union was signed.
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Member Since: October 27, 2012 Comments: 2849
5. Kennebunker
7:55 PM GMT on September 08, 2013
Beautiful image - and so intriguing. Who climbs into these ruins to raise the flag each day? Kudos to you, and congratulations on the AC recognition for this wonderful shot.
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4. Doesiedoats
7:42 PM GMT on September 08, 2013
UPDATE:

Congratulations, Peter, on your new AC.
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3. tomekandjola
7:31 PM GMT on September 08, 2013
Must have been some great castle in the time. Wonderful photo and series, thanks for the piece of history.

UPDATE:
Congratulations your new AC.
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2. Doesiedoats
5:59 PM GMT on September 08, 2013
This is wonderful, Peter. I have an interest
in the history of Wales and have read the
"Brothers Gwynedd" by Edith Pargeter. Most
fascinating and, I hope, reasonably factual.

Thanks for sharing this piece of Wales.
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1. Cowgazer
5:54 PM GMT on September 08, 2013
The story of Rhuddlan goes back much further than the fortress built by Edward I. Prior to the Norman occupation of lower Gwynedd, Rhuddlan was at the heart of a Welsh cantref. From here the Lords of Rhuddlan commanded the lands of North East Wales (Welsh Perfeddwlad) on behalf of Gruffydd ap Llywelyn (1007 – August 5, 1063), the last ruler of all Wales.
But in the late 11th century, the Normans invaded Gwynedd. Rhuddlan was fought over by the Princes of Gwynedd and the Earls of Chester. The remains of a Norman castle at Twthill, built in 1086, is just to the south of the current castle.
In July 1277, at the outbreak of the Welsh Wars, Edward I left Chester and established an advance base at Flint, where building work immediately began on Flint Castle. With naval assistance from 25 ships of the Cinque Ports fleet, the army pushed along the coast. By August Edward had moved his forces onto Rhuddlan. Three months later it was ceded to the English Crown following the Treaty of Aberconwy between Llywelyn II of Gwynedd and Edward I.
Work on Rhuddlan Castle began immediately under the control of Master Bertram, a Gascon engineer, but construction was soon handed over to Savoyard master mason, James of St George who remained in charge until labour ceased in 1282. Edward I also created a new borough, north of his castle, away from the pre-existing Norman town and Dominican Friary. The 13th-century street layout can still be seen in the modern town. The borough, like at Flint, was defended with a pair of ditch-separated earthworks and a timber palisade.
Elizabeth the eighth daughter of Edward I was born at Rhuddlan in 1282, the same year work at the castle was completed. Two years later the Statute of Rhuddlan was signed here following the defeat of Llewellyn the Last. It ceded all the lands of the former Welsh Princes to the English Crown and introduced English common law. This meant Edward I could now appoint Royal officials such as sheriffs, constables, and bailiffs to collect taxes and enforce English law throughout Wales. The Statute of Rhuddlan remained in effect until 1536, shortly after which Welsh law, which continued to be used in Wales after the conquest was fully replaced by English law under the Laws in Wales Acts 1535-1542.
In 1294 the castle was attacked during the Welsh rising of Madog ap Llywelyn but was not taken. It was attacked again by forces of Owain Glyndŵr in 1400. This time the town was badly damaged but the castle held out. In the later 15th and 16th centuries the castle's condition slowly deteriorated and its importance waned.
However Rhuddlan Castle was again garrisoned by Royalist troops during the English Civil War. It was taken by Parliamentary forces after a siege in 1646. The fortress was then partially demolished with gunpowder to prevent any further use in 1648.
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About Cowgazer

Cowgazer

I am Peter, brought up in the center of Manchester, UK. But was a square peg in a round hole there, worked 33 years as stockman in dairy farming then made redundant. Luckily got a job managing a garden nursery for a couple of years, but had to leave as tenancy came to an end. Couldn't find work so relocated to Wales and am now a self-employed gardener, great move, good things come out of hard times. Digital tech has made photography affordable to me and I love it, compliments my walking and Birdwatching. At present on a steep learning curve, new things are always good, stretch your mind and keep you sane-ish.

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