Share

Adairsville Tornado Recap, Images, and Historical Significance

Angela Fritz | WU
Published: January 31, 2013
This article was replicated from a blog written by wunderground's Angela Fritz.


iWitness weather user fshelton25 says he was driving home on Interstate 75 in Adairsville, Ga. on Wednesday, Jan 30 when he saw a wedge tornado right in front of his car.

On Monday evening I knew that there was a significant risk of severe storms, including torandoes, in the South on Tuesday and Wednesday, but I have to admit that I didn't expect the horrible damage I've seen coming from Adairsville, GA and the surrounding area. After all, it's January, which is historically the least active month for tornadoes in the United States. Though that doesn't rule them out, and it especially doesn't rule them out while we've been seeing record-breaking January warmth across much of the country.

The residents of Adairsville, Georgia are picking up the pieces today, but yesterday they saw tornado warnings posted a full 20 minutes before the tornado struck, and even more lead time if they saw the warnings for the southwest corner of Bartow county, which was warned before them, though didn't include the city of Adairsville yet. Based on damage reports and images, Dr. Greg Forbes, the severe weather expert at The Weather Channel, suggests this tornado might be rated as a high end EF-3. We will have to wait and see what the National Weather Service office in Peachtree City, GA says.

Here's the Adairsville tornado timeline from Wednesday:

8:10 a.m.: The Storm Prediction Center issues a tornado watch for all of north and part of central Georgia valid until 4 p.m.

10:21 a.m.: The NWS-Peachtree City issues its first tornado warning an area that includes the southwest corner of Bartow County, the county where Adairsville is located. This first warning technically did not include the city of Adairsville.

10:59 a.m.: A second tornado warning is issued. It includes Adairsville and areas southeast of Calhoun. This was issued 20 minutes before the tornado hit Adairsville, and 26 minutes before it hit areas southeast of Calhoun.

11:19 a.m.:
The tornado hits Adairsville.

11:25 a.m.: The tornado hits southeast of Calhoun, according to radar estimates.


A vehicle lies on a road after a tornado moved through Adairsville, Ga. on Wednesday, Jan. 30, 2013.


Significant historical January tornado outbreaks

Georgia has seen 92 January tornadoes from 1950-2011. However, Georgia has not had any tornadoes on record in January (1950-2011) stronger than EF-3. The most tornadoes on a January calendar day in Georgia was 11 on January 13, 1972.

Historically, January has been the least active month for tornadoes in the U.S. According to the Tornado History Project, during the 61-year period 1950 - 2010, 1223 January tornadoes occurred--an average of twenty per year. There have been two Januarys with no reported tornadoes--2003 and 1986. In 2012, there were 95 preliminary tornado reports, which was well above the historical January average of 35.

The most recent significant January tornado outbreak occurred on January 1, 2011, when seven tornadoes, including two EF-3s, touched down in Mississippi, injuring two people.

The most prolific January tornado outbreak on record occurred January 21 - 22, 1999, when 126 tornadoes, including one violent F-4, hit Arkansas, Missouri, Mississippi, Louisiana, Tennessee, Kentucky, Illinois, Texas, and Alabama, killing nine people. A separate outbreak four days earlier, on January 17, spawned 22 tornadoes.

On January 7 - 11, 2008, a series of 75 tornadoes hit the U.S. This second busiest-ever U.S. January tornado outbreak hit southwestern Missouri, northwestern Arkansas and the surrounding areas the hardest. A strong supercell in northern Illinois and southeastern Wisconsin produced that region's first January tornadoes since 1967. Four people were killed, and the tornadoes did $88 million in damage. Fifteen strong EF-2 and EF-3 tornadoes were reported.

The deadliest January tornado since record keeping began in 1950 occurred on January 23, 1969, when an F-4 tornado hit a 5-county region south of Jackson Mississippi, killing 32 people.


The Adairsville, GA tornado on January 30, 2013. Preliminary rating is an EF-3. Video from Shane Smith of tornadovideos.net.

Dr. Greg Forbes, Jonathan Erdman, and Dr. Jeff Masters contributed to this blog.

Featured Blogs

African Wave 95L and Mexico's Tropical Storm Polo Little Threat

By Dr. Jeff Masters
September 20, 2014

Satellite loops show that a tropical wave (Invest 95L) off the coast of Africa, a few hundred miles southeast of the Cape Verde Islands, has a moderate degree of spin and heavy thunderstorm activity. The wave is under light wind shear and over warm waters of 28°C (82°F), conditions that favor development, but shear will rise to the moderate range, ocean temperatures will cool, and the air surrounding the storm will grow drier by Sunday, making development unlikely.

Incredible Rainstorm in Southern France

By Christopher C. Burt
September 19, 2014

Torrential rainfall Tuesday through Thursday morning (September 16-18) in the Languedoc Region of southern France has resulted in flooding that has killed at least four people with two others still missing. The rainfall rates during the storm were phenomenal.

Live Blog: Tracking Hurricane Arthur as it Approaches North Carolina Coast

By Shaun Tanner
July 3, 2014

This is a live blog set up to provide the latest coverage on Hurricane Arthur as it threatens the North Carolina Coast. Check back often to see what the latest is with Arthur. The most recent updates are at the top.

Tropical Terminology

By Stu Ostro
June 30, 2014

Here is some basic, fundamental terminology related to tropical cyclones. Rather than a comprehensive and/or technical glossary, this represents the essence of the meaning & importance of some key, frequently used terms.

2013-14 - An Interesting Winter From A to Z

By Tom Niziol
May 15, 2014

It was a very interesting winter across a good part of the nation from the Rockies through the Plains to the Northeast. Let's break down the most significant winter storms on a month by month basis.

What the 5th IPCC Assessment Doesn't Include

By Angela Fritz
September 27, 2013

Melting permafrost has the potential to release an additional 1.5 trillion tons of carbon into the atmosphere, and could increase our global average temperature by 1.5°F in addition to our day-to-day human emissions. However, this effect is not included in the IPCC report issued Friday morning, which means the estimates of how Earth's climate will change are likely on the conservative side.