In Colonial times, the storms that passed by the coastline or made landfall, were called "September gales". In those days, prior to satellites, radars, and other modern forecasting tools, storms arrived with almost no warning. Reports of impending storms depended on news brought by passing ships and observations by weather-wise residents. There was not much time to prepare. And widespread destruction and death were the norm.
As the anniversary of Hurricane Hugo approached last week, I started wondering about the various hurricanes that had made landfall in, or that had caused significant damage to, the South Carolina coast since the area was settled. Since I limited my research to anything I could find online or in various books I already had here at the house, this may not be a complete list or completely accurate. I also had some trouble finding information on some of the earlier storms, other than the short blurb that there was one at that time. That kind of research would have to be done in the library, from old newspapers, microfilm, diaries, etc. and I'm not going to that amount of trouble for a blog entry!
So, here goes......
1526 The Spanish settlement, San Miguel de Guadalupe, was established at the site of present day Georgetown, SC. The colony failed and the Spanish left.
1670 Charles Towne founded.
August 26, 1686 "A Hurrican wonderfully horrid and destructive" foiled a Spanish attack on Charles Town. Known as "The Spanish Repulse" hurricane.
September 14, 1700 Resulted in 98 deaths. Known as "The Rising Sun" hurricane.
1711 The settlement of Beaufort, SC is chartered. Though the area had had French (1562), Spanish (1565) and Scottish (1682)settlements at earlier dates, all had failed.
September 16-17, 1713 Approximately 70 people were drowned when a hurricane crashed ashore. The new St. Philips church was severely damaged.
1721 Prince George Parish established at the site of present day Georgetown.
August 28, 1724
September 27, 1722 Backdoor hurricane from the GOM caused flooding for 3 days
August 13, 1728 Waves smashed houses, warves and city walls along Bay Street.
August 31, 1743
Death, Doom and Destruction
September 15, 1752 St. Philips Church was blown "flat to the Ground and destroyed". There was a 17 foot storm surge Ships were blown ashore and the bastions along the Bay and White point were severely damaged. Over 500 homes, warehouses, public buildings were damaged or destroyed. The devastation extended over thirty miles around Charles Town. Thousands of pines were lost and the ships stores business (pitch, resin, turpentine) took years to recover.
September 30 - October 1, 1752
September 15, 1753
August 23, 1758
October 5-6, 1760
September 28-29, 1769
June 6-7, 1770
Summer of 1804 A great hurricane arrived on a rising tide and the city was flooded, Wells and cisterns were contaminated with privy wastes and there was a subsequent outbreak of cholera and dysentery.
August 27, 1813 Another one comes through. It was only slightly less devastating than the one in 1752.
September 27, 1822
September 4, 1834
October, 1837 "Racer's Storm" Another backdoor storm from the GOM See link below.
Summer of 1854 Hurricane flooding brought in a plague of mosquitos and yellow fever raged.
More Death, Doom and Destruction
August 25, 1871 Sixty-eight died during this one. Many of them on Sullivan's Island, where they had gone to escape yet another yellow fever epidemic.
October 15, 1873 This one destroyed the Southeastern Railroad Depot. Extensive damage throughout the city.
August 27, 1881
August 25, 1885 Storm surge over the Battery submerged White Point Gardens. NInety percent of private homes destroyed. Estimates exceeded $2 million in damages.
October 2, 1898
August 17, 1893 Winds reached 120 miles per hour. Storm surge south of the city killed over 2,000 blacks working in the phosphate mines. Phosphate mining in SC, which had been a booming business, never recovered.
October 12, 1893
October 19, 1910 This hurricane severely damaged shipping.
Even more Death, Doom and Destruction. Is it just me, or is there a pattern to all of this?
August 11, 1911 This storm made landfall between Savannah, GA and Charleston, SC., around Hilton Head, SC. Damages were around $ 1 million.
August 12, 1940 This storm made landfall near Beaufort, SC.
October 15, 1954 Hurricane Hazel I was just a toddler, when this one hit.
July 9, 1959 Hurricane Cindy hit 28 miles north of Charleston near McClellanville. I don't remember this one at all.
September 29, 1959 Hurricane Gracie arrived, with winds up to 140 miles per hour.
Now, this one, I vaguely remember. All I can recall, is sitting in the dining room of our house. The power was out. It was nighttime. We had a hurricane lamp on the table.
September 11, 1960 Hurricane Donna blasted Charleston with winds up to 121 miles per hour.
Don't remember this one, either. Or maybe what I think I remember from Gracie, was really Donna. Who knows?
September 5, 1979 Hurricane David What I remember about this one, was being at Folly Beach, the day before (Labor Day), swimming and soaking up sun. The beach was packed.
September 21, 1989 Hurricane Hugo YIKES! This was the big one!
September 15, 1979 Hurricane Floyd Created the largest traffic jam SC had ever seen, as folks tried to evacuate the coast. Folks from FL and GA got caught in this mess, too.
The 2004 Season: Hurricane Alex, Hurricane Charley and Hurricane Gaston. This was the season that had me hopping and got me started on WU!
Historians Track Hurricanes Back to 1700's
Living With The South Carolina Coast
South Carolina's Coast: What's At Stake
SC Evacuation Study
State Historical Hurricane Tracks
South Carolina State Climatology Office
500 Years of Hurricane History Scroll down for the timelines dating back to 1495.
Dating Hurricanes by using tree rings
Charleston, SC's History with Tropical Systems
Atlantic Hurricane Seasons from Wiki - 1492 to date.
Hurricanes and Typhoons: Past, Present and Future
Don't forget all the fine archives here on WU. I just didn't link any of them, since they're already here and you all know where to look!
And, finally, what looks to be a very good book on the subject: LowCountry Hurricanes by Walter J. Fraser, Jr. I've read his "Charleston! Charleston! The History of a Southern City", which was excellent. I really want to get my hands on this one soon!
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Updated: 1:59 AM GMT on October 17, 2007
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Please Stand By - The Fabulous 50's
I had planned all week to redecorate my blog this weekend. With hubby's work schedule, we're like ships passing in the night for most of the week. So, when he's home, I really hate to spend a lot of time glued to the computer. So, didn't get my new entry up last night.
Was all set to do it tonight but I spent most of the day outside, doing yard work. Fixed supper and got hubby off to bed. Already have some websites bookmarked. I need to draw up a timeline and there's an awful lot of dates. Now, I'm just too tired to concentrate on pulling it all together. I'll just have to work on it a little at a time in Wordpad this coming week and get it up when I can.
In the meantime, please stand by.
How many of you out there remember the good old days, when periodically, you'd find that image on your TV screen? LOL
Have a little fun remembering the days of black and white television!
And I promise, I'll get that other entry up shortly!
Updated: 2:34 AM GMT on September 19, 2007
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Keep Your Kitchen Clean - Fix A Casserole!
You folks here on WU know me well enough by now, to know that I love to keep my kitchen clean. And that means one pot cooking! I've done blogs on soups, stews, chili, and some other one pot meals but I haven't done one yet on casseroles.
Now, in my house, the word "casserole" can't be used. Hubby is a picky eater. He's so picky, he makes picky children seem like gourmands. He absolutely HATES to try anything new. And one of his most hated items is anything called a casserole. So, I have to be extremely inventive in the names I call my casseroles in order to get him to eat them. (Which reminds me of that tale my Mom used to tell on me: she had to call brussels sprouts baby cabbages, to get me to eat them.)
Anyway, one of the few casseroles he will eat, is Shepherd's Pie. I don't make this in the summer, as my taste buds say this is a winter dish, and besides, who wants to heat their kitchen up with the oven in the summer? But fall is around the corner and it will soon be time to serve those hearty one dish meals again.
Bug's Shepherd's Pie:
1 lb or so of ground sirloin or other lean ground beef (You could substitute ground turkey, for non red meat eaters)
1 medium onion, chopped
1 can tomatoes, chopped (You could use those Hunt's Specialty tomatoes, such as Chili Style or Italian, but I use the plain.)
a small can of mushrooms
Garlic (chopped or a whole clove, mashed)
a couple of bay leaves
salt/pepper, to taste
mashed potatoes (real ones -it's a great way to use leftovers - or the fake stuff in the box, if you're short on time and don't mind cheating!)
shredded cheddar cheese
Brown the ground beef in a cast iron or other skillet. Add the onions when the ground beef is almost done. Cook until the onions are translucent. Add the tomatoes, bay leaves, salt and pepper. Bring to a boil, then cut down to simmer and cook until reduced to a thick consistency. Turn into a casserole dish. Top with mashed potatoes. Bake in oven at 350º for 15-20 minutes or until bubbly. Top with shredded cheese and bake 5 minutes more or until the cheese is melted.
Serve with a salad and garlic bread.
In actuality, a true Shepherd's Pie is made with lamb or mutton. The beef version is called Cottage Pie. There's dozens of Shepherd's Pie/Cottage Pie receipts out there. (Even vegetarian versions!) Some are as plain as mine; others add vegetables to them. Do what a good dump cook does; take the basic receipt and run with it!
It's been a while since any of us have done a recipe blog, so it's about time to give it a whirl. What are some of your favorite casseroles? Share with us your family favorite for Sunday dinner, the one you take to covered dish dinners or the one you put together when you're rushed for time after work and are still be able to have supper on the table in short order. They can be the ones with everything in them or ones that only require one veggie or a salad on the side, to round them out.
Some of the best, and easiest, recipes for casseroles can be found in the various Cambells's Soup cookbooks. I've had several over the years and currently own a fabulous hard back edition. Check out these casserole recipes at Campbell's Kitchen.
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Updated: 2:33 AM GMT on September 27, 2007
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