Organic farming is thriving in the agricultural industry today, as it provides beneficial effects to the health of the people, as well as to the biodiversity of the environment. When speaking of the environment, this method of agricultural farming provides immense benefits in upholding the biodiversity of the environment. Listed below are some of the ecological benefits of organic farming.
- Soil Enrichment. Organic farming fosters different soil practices like crop rotations, symbiotic associations, intercropping, cover crops, minimum tillage and organic fertilizers. Performing these methods facilitate soil flora and fauna, thereby improving soil structure and formulating more stable systems. Also, performing these methods allow the increase of nutrient and energy cycling, as well as the enhancement of retentive abilities of the soil for water and nutrients. On the other hand, these methods play a crucial role in controlling soil erosion. Once the frequency of soil exposure to erosive forces is lessened, soil biodiversity is enhanced and nutrient losses are becoming insignificant.
- Air and climate change. Organic farming facilitates reduction of non-renewable energy utilized through decreasing the Agrochemicals needed. It helps in alleviating the global warming and greenhouse effect through sequestration of carbon in the soil. Most of the practices applied in organic agriculture, such as crop rotations and minimum tillage, can enhance the return of the carbon to the soil, thus increasing productivity and encouraging carbon storage.
- Ecological services. The bearing of organic farming on natural resources turns out to promote interactions within the Agra-ecosystem that are essential for both agricultural improvement and conservation of nature. Some of the ecological services resulted from the organic method of farming includes soil nourishment and conditioning, carbon sequestration, waste recycling, and many more. Performing these ecological services promote less pollution and reduced costs of agricultural practice.
- Sustainability. A lot of individuals noticed that changes in the environment are long-term, which occurs slowly as time passes by. Thus, organic agriculture has considered the medium and long-term effect of the interventions on the environment. It aspires to provide high yields of food crops while instituting an ecological balance in order to prevent pests and soil problems.
These are just some of the positive ecological effects of organic farming that farmers can use while giving importance to the environment. This could help organic farmers to propagate higher yields of healthy and all-natural food crops, as well as maintaining the ecological stance and biodiversity of the environment.
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