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By: organicfarmingblog , 7:05 PM GMT on February 26, 2013
Intercropping is one of the best techniques in organic farming. It is a systematic process of growing two or more crops simultaneously and at the same time build soil fertility. It is also an ecological method for pest control, diseases and weeds by using natural competitive principles which greatly contributes to a high quality intercrop products.
Aside from generating higher income per unit area, it can also act as a support to failure of crop in abnormal season. Since we grow two or more crops at the same time, intercropping can produce greater yield on a specific piece of land by utilizing available resources as compared to a single crop.
In order to achieve this process, we need to meticulously plan and consider the soil, climate and varieties. It is essential for us to know that we cannot have crops compete with each other in terms of physical space, water, sunlight or land. With the right crop, other agronomic benefits can also be obtained.
Intercropping of compatible plants can also support biodiversity. It can produce a habitat for insects and soil organism that cannot be found in a single crop environment. As a result, it can diminish the occurrence of crop pests by increasing predator biodiversity and eliminating the homogeneity of the crop.
Types of Intercropping
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