mobal's WunderBlog

Your Bill of Rights!

By: mobal, 1:05 AM GMT on August 01, 2009

Aware of the lack of provisions for personal rights in the constitution, George Washington urged Congress in his first inaugural address to propose amendments that offered "a reverence for the characteristic rights of freemen and a regard for public harmony."

Congress responded by submitting Amendments to the Constitution providing for essential civil liberties. They were officially proposed on September 25, 1789. Of the original twelve, Articles 3-12 were ratified. Accordingly, in 1791 these articles became the first ten amendments to the Constitution.....known collectively as The Bill of Rights.

Article I

After the first enumeration required by the first article of the Constitution, there shall be one representative for every thirty thousand, until the number shall amount to one hundred, after which the proportion shall be so regulated by Congress, that there shall be not less than one hundred representatives, nor less than one representative for every forty thousand persons, until the number of representatives shall amount to two hundred; after which the proportion shall be so regulated by Congress, that there shall be not less than two hundred representatives, nor more than one representative for every fifty thousand persons.

Article II
No law varying the compensation for the services of the Senators and Representatives, shall take effect, until an election of Representatives shall have intervened.

Article III
Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances.

Article IV
A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed.

Article V
No Soldier shall, in time of peace be quartered in any house, without the consent of the Owner, nor in time of war, but in a manner to be prescribed by law.

Article VI
The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no Warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by Oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized.

Article VII
No person shall be held to answer for a capital, or otherwise infamous crime, unless on a presentment or indictment of a Grand Jury, except in cases arising in the land or naval forces, or in the Militia, when in actual service in time of War or public danger; nor shall any person be subject for the same offence to be twice put in jeopardy of life or limb; nor shall be compelled in any criminal case to be a witness against himself, nor be deprived of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor shall private property be taken for public use, without just compensation.

Article VIII
In all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall enjoy the right to a speedy and public trial, by an impartial jury of the State and district wherein the crime shall have been committed, which district shall have been previously ascertained by law, and to be informed of the nature and cause of the accusation; to be confronted with the witnesses against him; to have compulsory process for obtaining witnesses in his favor, and to have the Assistance of Counsel for his defence.

Article IX
In Suits at common law, where the value in controversy shall exceed twenty dollars, the right of trial by jury shall be preserved, and no fact tried by a jury, shall be otherwise re-examined in any Court of the United States, than according to the rules of the common law.

Article X
Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted.

Article XI
The enumeration in the Constitution, of certain rights, shall not be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the people.

Article XII
The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people.


Tsar or czar

By: mobal, 2:17 AM GMT on July 15, 2009

The title Czar (derived from Caesar) Means Emperor.



By: mobal, 1:55 AM GMT on July 11, 2009

Hibernation is a state of inactivity.....Night all....


Thoughts Please!

By: mobal, 11:47 PM GMT on July 07, 2009

Maybe this would be better in a RIC QOD, but here it is. I am making a living and final will. At 45 it’s about time! Lots of things go through ones head in this process. Here is one that I haven’t been able to decide.

What are your thoughts on cremation?

Religious, financial, those left behind etc.

Thank you in advance for your comments and thoughts.


Top Ten Domestic Cars

By: mobal, 12:05 AM GMT on July 07, 2009

Well, first you need to answer the question: "What is a domestic car?" Is a Chevy built in South Korea domestic, or how about a Hyundai assembled in Alabama?

Here is a list according to the National Highway and Transportation Administration.

NHTSA's definition of "domestic" includes Canadian-sourced parts, but at least the top 10 are all assembled in the good old USA.

10. The name sounds Italian, and the brand is Japanese, but the Kentucky-built Toyota Venza is 80 percent domestic.

9. We may have invented the full-size pickup, but the Toyota Tundra is the only one on this list, hailing from Texas with 80 percent domestic content. F150 and Silverado??????? NOT ON THE TOP 10!!!!

8. The Toyota Avalon is the biggest car the company makes. No surprise it builds it here, with 80 percent domestic content

7. Minivans are an American original, so it shouldn't be a surprise that the Honda Odyssey is made in Alabama, with 80 percent domestic content.

6. The Chevrolet Malibu sounds American, and with 80 percent domestic content, it is.

5. The Buick Lucerne takes its name from a town in Switzerland, but the car is built in Detroit with 81 percent domestic content.

4. The Chevrolet Express and its twin, the GMC Savana, are big vans with a big 82 percent domestic content.

3. Chrysler may make the best-selling minivans, but the Toyota Sienna is tops on this list, assembled in Indiana with parts that are 85 percent domestic.

2. The Lincoln MKS may be Ford Motor Company's flagship automobile, but at 85 percent domestic content, it's #2 on this list. Check out #1 to find out why Ford isn't too concerned.

1. It's been a while since the Ford Taurus was the best selling car in America, but with 90 percent domestic content it's tops on this list. Assembled in Chicago, a town known for it's hot dogs, this one practically comes wrapped in the flag.,2933,529745,00.html

Updated: 12:08 AM GMT on July 07, 2009


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