Trees, Shrubs, Oh my!

By: dragonflyF15 , 1:26 PM GMT on March 25, 2008

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Early to Mid-Spring
-Complete planting of bare-rooted trees
-Cut out flower shoots of winter-flowering shrubs
-Cut back last years stems of shrubs grown for winter color almost down to the ground
-Prune shrubs which flower on current season's growth to two or three buds from base
-Prune early flowering shrubs, such as Forsythia, as the flowers fade
-Pinch or trim one-half of new candles on pines and other needled evergreens

Native Tree Spotlight:
Quercus phellos
Common name: Willow Oak

Name background: Quercus is Latin for Oak, phellos is Greek for cork.
Pronunciation: Kwer kus Fel os
Special Interest: Although the Burr Oak (Q. macrocarpa) is my favorite Oak, I decided to choose this native because I think it's a beautiful tree that deserves to be used more as an alternative to Q. palustris/Common Pin Oak. It has a fibrous root system that is shallow and makes for a great street tree. This tree allows for speckled sun to come through, so it's nice to have around the decks.
Conditions: Moist to Dry
Height: 40-60ft
Shape: Darn wide and beautiful!
Stem: Alternate. Skinnier stem than other oaks.
Bark: Gray with irregular furrows
Bud: Alternate. Typical, but smaller since it has a small leaf.
Leaf. Alternate. Red family of Oaks, so it has one bristle on the tip. Skinny ½ inch wide, 2-3 inches long, willow looking.
Fall Color: Beautiful russet!
Fruit: Male catkins early to mid spring
Fruit: Smallest of acorns in the oaks, ¼ inch big

Trees to look for blooms this month:
Most people don't even realize that their trees are blooming, but look closely and those little bits of color that look like buds or leaves just might be tiny flowers up and down the branches.
Cercis canadensis/Red Buds
Cornus mas/Cornelian Cherry
Magnolia x soulangiana/Saucer Magnolias
Magnolia stellata/Star Magnolia
Prunus mume/Flowering Apricot
Prunus sp/Some early flowering Cherries
Pyrus calleryana/Bradford Pears
Sassafras albidum/Common Sassafras
Ulmus american/American Elm
Zelkovia serrata/Japanese Zelkovia

Native Shrub Spotlight:
Amelanchier arborea
Common names: Downy Serviceberry, Shadbush or Serviceberry

Name background: Amelanchier from the provencal name. Arborea means tree
Pronunciation: Am e lan key er Ar bo re a
Special Interest: Tends to be more tree like than A. canadensis and has 3-4 main tree trunks. It's a great alternative to use in the landscape to Cornus florida/Flowering Dogwood and has great fall color. Use as a specimen plant around a patio or deck. Can also be used for naturalizing or on the edges of woodlands, near ponds or streambanks. Has a dainty look and provides seasonal interest.
Conditions: Full Sun or part shade. Versatile but likes moisture areas.
Height: 15-25ft
Shape: 3-4 main trunks, more tree like structure with a rounded crown. Beautiful silhouette in the winter.
Stem: Alternate. Reddish brown in youth, grayish/silver in maturity. Smooth and glabrous.
Bark: Smooth and older bark is silver laced with dark vertical stripes (reddish fissures). Very ornamental.
Bud: Alternate. Terminal bud is long, narrow, pointed with decent sized scales which are pubescent. Light brown/greenish-yellowish.
Leaf: Alternate. Simple, finely serrated, oval with tip. 1-3 inches long and good width, 1 ¾ inches ide. Dark green/aqua blue color.
Fall Color: Great yellows, apricots, orange-reds
Flower: White racemes 2-4inches long in clusters on the end in early spring.
Fruit: Green to red to burgundy/purple peasize clusters in June. Birds love them. Awesome for pies!

Shrubs to look for blooms this month:
Amelanchiers/Service Berries
Hamamelis/Winter Flowering Witchhazels Past it's peak, but there are still a few latebloomers
Parrotia persica/Persian Ironwood
Salix/Pussy Willow
Lindera benzoin/Spicebush
Lonicera fragrantissima/Fragrant Honeysuckle
Rhododendron/Some early flowering Azaleas
Rhus aromatica/Fragrant Sumac

Happy Gardening!

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2. dragonflyF15
3:17 PM GMT on March 25, 2008
I'll have to consider a container plant garden for the apt/condo folks :)

Member Since: February 13, 2006 Posts: 199 Comments: 2156
1:50 PM GMT on March 25, 2008
Wonderful blog entry! I sure miss my yard, living in an apt. these days.
Hope you are feeling well.
Member Since: July 13, 2005 Posts: 117 Comments: 5225

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About dragonflyF15

40yrOld Horticulturist,which means I'm a plant/tree/shrub Geek.My work revolves around Mother N and weather.I love working,playing,resting outdoors!

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