The road to paper-making, Part I

By: Proserpina , 6:18 PM GMT on May 30, 2012


Have you ever wondered what the world would be like if paper had not been invented? Imagine a world without accessible books, no newspapers, no magazines, no toilet paper, no watercolor paper, no writing stationary, no paper cups and plates, … The list of modern conveniences made with paper is endless.

Communication has been a basic need of human beings and written communication has been the center of civilization.

From the earliest times of history man conveyed his thoughts and information without using paper. Oral transmission was the obvious method but man needed to communicate in ways other than verbal means. Cave drawings provided a non verbal means of communication but cave walls are not portable and man had to find other means to communicate.

Photobucket Lascaux

Cave paintings at Lascaux, France

Some of the early surfaces for ‘written’ communication were stone, clay tablets and clay bricks, metal, wood, wax tablets, ivory, palm and olive trees leaves, bark, papyrus, and parchment. Obviously most of these materials were not practical and thus not conducive to widespread use.

Before paper as we know it today was invented, there were two important materials for making acceptable writing surfaces, papyrus and parchment.


The English word papyrus derives, via Latin, from Greek πάπυρος (papuros)

Papyrus ‘paper’ was first used by the Babylonians and since 3000 B.C. by the Egyptians. The ‘paper’ was made from the Cyperus Papyrus plant which grew on the shorelines of streams and particularly in the Nile Delta of Egypt.

Papermaming Papyrus

Papermaking Papyrus plant

The primary type of paper made with papyrus was in the form of scrolls. Scrolls were used to keep records of happenings in the Egyptian society. Some examples of existing scrolls are: Book of the dead, treaties on medicine and surgery, treaties on mathematics, folk tales.

Papyrus Book of the dead, Egypt

"Book Of The Dead" on papyrus

The following is a description of how the papyrus ‘paper’ was made: “The "paper" from the papyrus plant was made from the stem of the plant. The outer rind is first stripped off, and the sticky fibrous inner pith is cut lengthwise into thin strips. The strips are then placed side by side on a hard surface with their edges slightly overlapping, and then another layer of strips is laid on top at a right angle. While still moist, the two layers are hammered together, mashing the layers into a single sheet. The moisture or juice from the strips function as adhesive between the layers. The sheet is then dried under pressure.” ( of_paper)

The papyrus ‘paper’ was also used in the Mediterranean region, particularly by the Romans and Greeks.

Of interest is the Villa of the Papyri found at the ancient town of Herculaneum, destroyed in the eruption of the volcano Vesuvius in 79 AD. The Villa which was unearthed in 1753 belonged to Julius Caesar’s father in law.

villa dei papiri, mosaic floor

Villa dei Papiri, (Mosaic floor)

Within the Villa is found the only library preserved from the classical world. Included in the library are 1,785 papyrus scrolls, carbonized but preserved by the pyroclastic flow of superheated gas, steam, and mud. They are known as the Herculaneum Papyri.

Papyrus at Herculaneum

Carbonized Papyrus Scroll

Obviously the scrolls cannot be unrolled as they would disintegrate, however modern technology using multi-spectral imaging has assisted in actually reading the scrolls!

Papyrus at Herculaneum

Papyrus Scroll at Herculaneum

Another example of classical literary illustration on papyrus (from the Mediterranean area) is the Heracles Papyrus. This is a fragment of a 3rd century Greek manuscript of a poem about the Labors of Heracles. It contains three unframed colored line drawings of the first of the Labors, the killing of the Nemean Lion.

Heracles Papyrus

Heracles Papyrus

The photos below are samples of very interesting papyrus remnants:

Papyrus, Ephesians

One leaf of the Pauline Epistles (P.Mich.inv. 6238, also known as P46), Ephesians VI:20 - Galatians I:8. This is the oldest copy of Paul's letters in existence, dating to the late 2nd/early 3rd century CE.

Papyrus, Homer's Iliad

Homer's Iliad 1.32-57 on papyrus (P.Mich.inv. 13). This fragment dates to the 2nd/3rd century CE.

This was going to be a simple, short blog on paper-making but I got interested in other facets of the topic and the 'short blog' has grown into several posts to follow this first part.

Locations of Site Visitors

Flooded (Proserpina)
For hours we have alternated between tornadoes watches and warnings. We have has some good sized thunderstorms, and now flooding.The photos are of my backyard and flower beds. The little creek which is usually just a trickle is right now a torrent and has pretty much inundated my flower beds.

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59. Ylee
3:32 AM GMT on June 08, 2012
Hi, Pros! My garden is slowly making a comeback! Only the watermelon seems to still suffer from last weeks' storm! I don't think the yields will be as high as they originally looked to promise, but it's still a lot better than nothing! :)

How's your garden? Did the floodwaters wash away the slime mold? :)

Take care!
Member Since: February 3, 2011 Posts: 115 Comments: 19987
58. BriarCraft
11:07 PM GMT on June 07, 2012
Between you and Ylee, it seems that growing things are having quite a time of it lately. I do hope your flood waters receded quickly and didn't do any lasting damage. Please give us a garden status update when you can.
Member Since: June 21, 2004 Posts: 94 Comments: 4697
57. Barefootontherocks
3:11 PM GMT on June 07, 2012
Good morning, Prose.
Yes, they are. And, no, did not upload to wuphotos. Couldn't get what I wanted without cutting down the cattle fence. lol

Have a good Thursday.
Member Since: April 29, 2006 Posts: 172 Comments: 21218
56. Proserpina
11:35 PM GMT on June 06, 2012
Hello BF, Alley, Mass, Sandi, GG

GG, have a wonderful and restful time while you are on vacation.

Sandi, I sure wish that I were there to enjoy a tea or two in honor of the Queen. I love participating in tea get together, and I certainly enjoy the goodies.
Are you rested yet from all of the Jubilee excitement and celebrations? If so, now you can prepare for the Olympics!

Hi Mass, no the weather did not cause my computer problems, nor neighborhood work. It periodically shuts down to install security updates and then it doesn't start up again. Hubby has to reinstall certain parts of the computer to get it going. To reinstall the whole program and eliminate the problem would take considerable amount of work in saving everything that's on the computer and hubby prefers to just muddle along... I have asked him to teach me how to instal the part that gets corrupted but he will not, he says that he doesn't mind to do it for me! What all of this means is that I am at his mercy! LOL
It has been cool here too but hot temps are on the way and I am going to enjoy the cool weather as long as it is here. For us warmer temps mean humidity, mugginess, and discomfort. Hang on Mass, you will get the sun and warm temps back!

Alley, thank you for your post on paper making. You motivated me to start writing the next section of the blog topic. Today I have been putting together the info I have already collected and am reading all that I have so that I can write about parchment and vellum. If you do not see me on the blogs, I am probably working on Part II.
Tonight though, I will be watching So You Think You Can Dance for two hours! Yes, two hours. I am impressed with the quality of dancing that most of the contenders display. In my opinion it is one of the better talent shows on TV.

BF, the VA cousins accept the greetings from their OK relations! And send regards back.
I believe that the Blanket Flowers are the ones with a salmon colored centers and white-yellow outer edges of the petals. I have grown them over the years and I really like them. I also like the yellow daisies in the photo, I wonder if they are Black Eye Susans? This is a wonderful photo, did you post it on the WU photo gallery?
Good to see you BF. Have you done much writing lately? I hope so.

Member Since: May 6, 2008 Posts: 188 Comments: 19248
55. Barefootontherocks
4:09 PM GMT on June 06, 2012
Hi Prose,
Yes, I have wondered what the world would be like without paper. Will have to read the rest of the paper blog a little later.

Sorry to see your flower beds flooded. The (same color) lily blooming at my house sends regards to its VA cousin.

Thought of you when I saw the wild Gaillardia blooming alongside a dirt road. Aka Indian Blanket - Oklahoma State wildflower. Did not have patience at that moment to get a closeup photo but I am sure you can pick it out from among the other flowers.

Member Since: April 29, 2006 Posts: 172 Comments: 21218
54. Alleyoops
3:43 PM GMT on June 06, 2012
The Chinese writing system is credited as being the oldest writing system that has been in continuous use in the world. The earliest traces of the writing system, which has received only minor modifications over time date back to more than five thousand years ago. The Chinese have all the reasons to be proud of this amazing phenomenon that is a prominent part of their culture.

The system as it exists today makes use of character symbols that are known as Han characters. The total number of characters in the Chinese writing system is recorded as being close to fifty thousand. Modern usage of the language whether reading, speaking or writing is based upon a maximum of four thousand characters. The remaining have been out of use for quite some time but are still considered to be amongst the collection of this ancient writing system.

As a nation China was far advanced when compared to its neighboring countries back in the days. It was the first amongst the East Asian nations to develop a formalized writing system of its own. It is from their system that the Japanese, Korean and Vietnamese writing systems have evolved.
This is the reason we find an abundant use of Chinese characters in their languages.

The beginnings

The most ancient Chinese symbols were discovered in the form of oracle bone script known as Jiaguwen. Archeologists claim these scripts belong to the late Shang dynasty dating back to 1500 BC. The ancient symbols can be seen etched onto different animal bones and turtle shells.

These oracle bones have actually served as a means of documenting and investigating the history of the Shang dynasty. The symbols on the bones are described as pictographic as they seek to represent a stylized version of the actual object intended to be symbolized.

Archaeologists have also discovered ancient Chinese symbols etched onto bronze vessels from the Western Chou dynasties from 1100 BC. The timings of these two scripts are rather close and experts suggest that they might actually be overlapping each other. The fact that they were etched upon different surfaces is what brings about a variance in their visuals otherwise the script is believed to be the same.

To read more about this please go to this link...Link
Member Since: April 18, 2007 Posts: 190 Comments: 29464
53. masshysteria
2:47 PM GMT on June 06, 2012
Good Morning (((Pros))) ~

Seems we're continuing to be stuck in overcast chilly weather for yet another day. Momentarily ago, I saw the sun emerge briefly from the clouds, but it sadly went back in again. I hope it wasn't a mirage or I've gone completely delusional. LOL! Sadly, this morning, it's been chilly enough indoors to actually kick on our furnace. (69F degrees). Thankfully, it looks like summery weather will return by the weekend, but may bring the threat of serious t'storms. Hmmmm.... I don't know which is worse at this point. Nevertheless, I don't think either hubby or myself will be wanting to snap on our air conditioner any time soon. It'll take, at least, a week of 80ish weather for us to thaw out. LOL!

Hope you're doing well and can get those pesky computer problems fixed. Is your computer down due to neighborhood repairs being made by your server to certain power lines or is it just with your computer, itself? Curious to know if last week's storm caused any other residual effects or problems. In either case, hope all will soon be fixed, so you can return shortly to posting, etc. again!

Member Since: June 21, 2006 Posts: 79 Comments: 9256
52. sandiquiz
8:57 PM GMT on June 05, 2012
I can't believe I haven't been here for several days - I thought I had! Congratulations to your grandson:)

My excuse is I have had a four day celebration to attend!!lol

Hope you are well ... I will be back to normal tomorrow:)

Member Since: October 29, 2005 Posts: 324 Comments: 29623
51. GardenGrrl
8:50 PM GMT on June 05, 2012
Congrats to your grandson on his confirmation.

Looks like a BUSY month for me so won't be around much. Between going on vacation (which I'm real excited about) and having to cover other peoples shifts at work, after today I have no "free" days this month.

Uh, see you in July perhaps?
Member Since: March 25, 2007 Posts: 290 Comments: 11466
Spathy, thank you. We try to be good grandparents and we certainly do enjoy our grandchildren. And what an incredible feeling it is when a grandchild looks at you and says "I love you grandma". God bless the children!

Hi Patti, thank you for the nice comment on the blog. To be honest, I have been debating about continuing the current theme for the blog since I have not seen too much interest, but you helped me decide. It doesn't matter if there aren't too many responses, one appreciative reader is good enough. Thank you. And of course, I enjoy the research per se.
So glad that you stopped by and please, enjoy your day.

I have been sitting in front of the TV watching the Queen and the people of England celebrate the Jubilee. What an enjoyable morning watching a classy lady and a classy nation celebrate. Pomp and Circumstance done tastefully! Not to mention that this old lady, namely me, is happy to see another old (and older) lady celebrate longevity and service to one's country.
Member Since: May 6, 2008 Posts: 188 Comments: 19248
Late, but too busy to climb online! ... What a nice blog.. looking forward to more chapters in the paper/writing bit ..
Thanks for note within my little blog.
Hope you all have a good day..
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LOL, you are funny and right Ylee!
Member Since: May 6, 2008 Posts: 188 Comments: 19248
46. Ylee
Helen only had her beauty; QEII has much more!

Glad your day was nice!
Member Since: February 3, 2011 Posts: 115 Comments: 19987
The local news just announced that 9 tornadoes touched down in MD (two days ago), most were small ones but two were sizable ones. Damages in the millions but no human casualties. And that's good news.

Hi Shore, Mass, Kat, Ylee. It has been a quiet day here and that's a good thing. Beautiful weather all day long.

Kat, thank you so much for all of the compliments, my blog thanks you, I thank you.
I have been giggling over 'caca de luna' myself. Good think I did not know this when I was teaching Spanish, I probably would have entertained my students with the little tidbit. And I am sure some parent would demand my head on a silver platter, or a chamberpot!

, I hope your weather improves, I hate it when you are uncomfortable due to weather problems. It would be nice if today's lovely weather here, moves on to MA. Stay well.

Ylee, actually my flowers are in pretty good shape. The flower beds though are full of detritus deposited from the rushing water, and need to be cleaned out. Also the flower beds and a path by the flower beds in the back need new mulch. Yes, the good stuff was washed away and deposited somewhere downstream. Good luck with your garden, and glad that it is not as bad as it seemed a few days ago.

Shore, glad that you have surfaced from your hideaway. What do you see on top of the soil of the African violet> I sure hope that it is not something that can be scrambled (I assume that you know what I am referring to).
Did you watch the Queen's boat parade on the computer or TV?
I am so glad that your aunt is going to live with your cousin. The thought of living at the "Olde Assisted Living place" is truly scary and depressing.

Here is a line from one of tonight's newscaster "The Queen who launched a thousand ships"! Helen must be turning in her proverbial coffin.
Member Since: May 6, 2008 Posts: 188 Comments: 19248
My gosh! This'll teach me to be MIA, and especially to be inattentive to the weather. I hadn't a clue you were under such warnings, or that your weather had been so nasty. My cousin and his wife were starting their drive back to Kansas City from Fairfax - I think they were leaving Saturday. Uh - I suppose if anything horrid had happened I would have heard, but I guess I'll give my aunt a call and double check.

They have closed on their house, and the furniture has been moved back already. My aunt has left Ye Olde Assisted Living place and is ensconced with them. She's pretty happy about it.

I saw you mentioning your irritation with the broadcast of the Jubilee activities today. Were you watching CNN? From now on, see if you can find a live stream on the BBC. I watched their programming and it was just marvelous. I didn't realize what was so different until I figured out I'd been watching for three hours without a single commercial! And no one talked over anything, either.

I've got all the pics of the shuttle up, now. It was such a wonderful day, even if there was just a touch of "making the best of it" around. That's all right.

The confirmation photos are marvelous! What an important day - and don't they grow up fast?

Best of all, now I know what's in one of my African violet pots. It's been on top of the soil for weeks and I keep thinking I should do something about it - but the plant seems as healthy as ever. I don't think there's any question that's what it is. Who knows how it got there. I don't want to put anything on the violet, so I think I'll get rid of the top layer of soil and see what happens.
Member Since: October 4, 2004 Posts: 205 Comments: 15288
A Good Sunday afternoon to you, Pros!

What a great pic, taken yesterday, of your handsome confirmed grandson standing along side his attractive and proud grandparents! I can't believe how tall he's gotten in just a few years! I guess it won't be too much longer now before you and Raindad will be attending his high school graduation. Yikes, how time flies! Nevertheless, glad that everyone was able to safely make it to the church for such a moving and happy occasion!

I'm also happy to learn that you remained safe during Friday afternoon's seriously nasty t'storms which, I heard, spawned a tornadic touchdown near some yacht club in coastal Virginia. Good thing you and Raindad remained protected indoors and hope that any resulting nearby flooding didn't cause too much damage to your property or roadways. Boy, with each year, our seasonal weather patterns have become so increasingly dramatic and erratic. We've gone from a drought-ridden, much warmer than usual winter/early spring, to a now chillier than average, water-logged June in just a blink of an eye. I think we've more than made up for any lack of precipitation by now. Sadly, this entire week we'll be stuck with chilly unsettled weather before any signs of sunshine or warmth return again! It's difficult adjusting to only 58F degrees as a high right now. BRRRR! Need sun and warmth! LOL!

Member Since: June 21, 2006 Posts: 79 Comments: 9256
42. Ylee
Hi, Pros! Hope your Sunday is a nice one! I detect a proud Grandma; my mom is the same way when it comes to her grandsons!

How does your garden look? Need I ask? As for mine, it'll be a few days yet to see what I need to replant, but at this point it's not as dire as I thought a couple of days ago!
Member Since: February 3, 2011 Posts: 115 Comments: 19987
Love the pix of you and your grandson! Isn't it much hope and enthusiasm at that age!
It's a wonderful thing to see. You look very
pretty in pink!
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Just had time to skim your blog, but "caca de luna"
caught my eye. LOL! I don't know why anyone
would want o scramble that! Of course, who
was the first one to look at a chicken and
say "Let's eat the first thing that comes out
of that bird's butt!" ? That was from either
Jeff Foxworthy or one of the other blue-collar
comedians in his group. Made me laugh, but not
as much as "caca de luna". I'm going to giggle
over that one for a while.
I'll come back and read this whole blog tomorrow.
I have gotten cards made from hand-made paper
and it fascinates me. You always find the most
interesting subjects for your blog!
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Hi BF, Mass, GG, sandi, Ylee, Mermaid, spathy, for keeping me company while the nasty storms were visiting us yesterday.
Yesterday was ugly but today is a beautiful, sunny but cool day.

Today our grandson received his Confirmation. The child is now officially a young man. As I saw the 13/14/15 year old children I was reminded of the faces that appeared in my classes in their first year of high school. Tears came to my eyes. I do miss those bright eyes, hopeful hearts, mischievous teenagers.


Member Since: May 6, 2008 Posts: 188 Comments: 19248
Good Morning, (((Pros))) ~

So thankful to learn that you, in particular, are A-Okay after those serious T'storms swept through your area late afternoon yesterday! I think this wide-ranging mess is due to the aftermath of Tropical Storm Beryl, that originally was off the coast of the Carolinas, and has been gradually moving inward and upward. We're currently under a Flood Watch for later today into tomorrow morning, as increasing rainfall from the same system moves our way throughout the Northeast. I'm not too concerned, here in our household, as we have a working automatic sump pump on stand-by in our basement just in case.

In recent years, it feels like each new spring season brings about more and more challenges to surmount. Thankfully, summer's only two and one-half weeks away and, with any luck, will give some of us a reprieve or relief.

Let's hope that this is it for quite awhile and, in the meantime, stay as safe, dry and healthy as possible!

P.S. No problem in posting any local or regional radar screens here or elsewhere when needed. I've found that by reverting back to the classic Wunderground site or format, it helps in making the process a whole lot simpler and less glitch-filled than with the newer one. It's virtually the same copy and paste process as when posting a graphic or photograph in a WU comments box.
Member Since: June 21, 2006 Posts: 79 Comments: 9256
Hi Prose, Holy Cow did you ever get some rain. Sorry it had to flood through your flower beds.
On a brighter note, way cool blog. Enjoyed reading the paper history and peoples contributions.
Member Since: March 25, 2007 Posts: 290 Comments: 11466
Hi Prose,
Busy day. Had no idea what was going on with severe. Hope all's well.
Member Since: April 29, 2006 Posts: 172 Comments: 21218
Oh, dear Pros - your lovely flowers.... But as I said to Ylee yesterday after his hailstones, nature is very resilient - your garden will recover:)

Member Since: October 29, 2005 Posts: 324 Comments: 29623
LOL Ylee, you are right the slime was probably swept away! That's a positive!

Member Since: May 6, 2008 Posts: 188 Comments: 19248
33. Ylee
Oh, my! Looks like what we got yesterday is what you're getting today! :( I hope there's not too much damage!

If I could possibly put a positive spin on your situation, at least the flooding may wash away the slime mold! :)

Looks like the storms aren't done yet; take care!
Member Since: February 3, 2011 Posts: 115 Comments: 19987
Thank you MASS for the map, it helps. And one of these days I will make an effort to learn how to post radar maps.

Hi, spathy!
Member Since: May 6, 2008 Posts: 188 Comments: 19248
MERMAID! Hi dear lady! I hope that you have been just fine.

All is well so far. More storms/rain are expected but I think it will be ok.

We do have flooding around the area, and a bunch of cars have been swept away here and there, including in DC. Of course if the drivers had not been so sure of their 'powers over nature', the cars would not be under water!

So good to see you.
Member Since: May 6, 2008 Posts: 188 Comments: 19248
Stay safe {{PROS}}!
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Quoting Proserpina:

Issue Date: 303 PM EDT FRI JUN 01 2012
Expiration: 900 PM EDT FRI JUN 01 2012






I'm displaying a radar map which focuses in on your particular area to help keep a closer more watchful eye on things. Thus far, there doesn't seem to be any indication for any tornadic least, in your vacinity. I hope and pray it stays that way!

Severe Thunderstorm Warning
Statement as of 4:58 PM EDT on June 01, 2012

The National Weather Service in Sterling Virginia has issued a

* Severe Thunderstorm Warning for...
city of Fairfax in northern Virginia...

City of Manassas in northern Virginia...
City of Manassas Park in northern Virginia...
central Prince William County in northern Virginia...
northern Stafford County in northern Virginia...
southeastern Fauquier County in northern Virginia...
southern Fairfax County in northern Virginia...
* until 530 PM EDT

* at 457 PM EDT... National Weather Service Doppler radar indicated a
line of severe thunderstorms capable of producing hail up to the
size of quarters and damaging winds in excess of 60 mph. These
storms were located along a line extending from 6 miles southwest
of Manassas to 7 miles south of Manassas to 11 miles west of
Montclair... and moving northeast at 35 mph.

* Locations impacted include...
Dale City...
Lake Ridge...

Precautionary/preparedness actions...

A Tornado Watch is in effect for the warned area.

This is a dangerous storm. If you are in its path... move indoors to a
sturdy building and stay away from windows. When it is safe to do
so... report severe weather to local law enforcement or to the
National Weather Service.

Lat... Lon 3885 7717 3865 7720 3864 7722 3855 7755
3859 7759 3870 7762 3890 7735
time... Mot... loc 2058z 229deg 31kt 3871 7756 3865 7749
3857 7752


Member Since: June 21, 2006 Posts: 79 Comments: 9256
Our entire area is either under TORNADO WATCH OR TORNADO WARNINGS

We are advised that it is a NASTY storm and to be prepared!

Let's be on the alert Northern VA

I hear thunder and I am getting off this computer
Member Since: May 6, 2008 Posts: 188 Comments: 19248
Oh, Dear, I do hope they come to naught!

Keep a watchful ear open and stay safe :)
Member Since: October 29, 2005 Posts: 324 Comments: 29623
Briar, hubby is going to have to scrape me off the floor! You are so creatively funny! Love what you wrote, the B movie trailer is just too precious. Thank you for cheering me up on a hot humid and overcast day. And please, never lose your sense of humor.

Thank you Alley for coining 'Moon Poop' expression. Moon poop or 'caca de luna', precious!

, yes, let's hope that our summer will be nice to us. And I do hope that you get a nice, unencumbered summer to enjoy. As I have said before, some of my nice memories are about the springs and summers in MA.
Thank you for the congrats. I too remember, rather vividly, my Confirmation. I was confirmed by Archbishop Cushing in a historical church in the North End. I have a confession though, I do not recall the name of my godmother! She was a work friend of my mom and I really did not know her, over the years we lost contact. I still have the gold chain and cross that she gave me. I do not wear it as in my adult life I stopped wearing a cross, I figure I have had enough of personal crosses to last several lifetimes! By the way, the confirmation names that I took one was in honor of Queen Elizabeth (the current monarch) and the other belonged to my first teacher in the USA. She was my mentor, teacher, and friend. I was fortunate to have two outstanding teachers and human beings, one in Italy and my first one in the USA.
I see that I wrote another 'book'!
Member Since: May 6, 2008 Posts: 188 Comments: 19248

Good Afternoon, (((Pros))) ~

You're not alone in feeling like one is getting a sluggish start to the day. LOL! Perhaps, for me, it's due to the cloudless, blue, sunny skies and dry cooler temps. It makes me so sleepy. Unfortunately, it won't be lasting but a day or two before rainy unsettled weather sets in for most of next week. This year, it's been difficult to remember that we're still into the spring season due to much earlier arrivals of summer-like temps. Hope that the real deal will provide us with enough pleasant weather and a return to more carefree days ahead. Last year, hubby and I felt gipped due to our contractors descending on us in early July and leaving in late August. Nevertheless, we've certainly been reaping the benefits of their work (window replacements) this season and ever since they left!

Thanks so much for your lovely June flower pic and poem! It certainly lightens the spirits and gives us hope that we, too, will feel as well tended and nourished as the beautiful array of flowers and plants from your garden. We, Aquarians, certainly love our flora and fauna! LOL!

Have a great remainder to your day and a hearty congrats to your grandson on his Confirmation Day tomorrow. ENJOY!!! Amazingly, I can still remember mine from nearly half a century ago! Where does the time go??? AAAAACCK!
Member Since: June 21, 2006 Posts: 79 Comments: 9256
The history of the written word. And Moon Poop that moves. What a combination! Never a dull moment around your blog.

I can see the B-movie trailer now... "Attack of the Killer Caca. Just when you thought you were safe. It moves, but only when you're not looking. Post sentries. Rotate guards. If you sleep unprotected, it will consume you. No one is safe."

Have a safe and restful June!
Member Since: June 21, 2004 Posts: 94 Comments: 4697
Hi Sandi, it sure would be a lot cheaper if we did not mulch! We mulch for appearance and to keep weeds at a minimum. But you are right, not mulching would eliminate this problem as well as the prolific mushroom growth.

The good thing is that the yellow slime does not hurt man, beast, nor plant. At least this is what I have read.

It is 11 o'clock and I still have not gotten out of my robe! What a lazy person I have become! Actually I have been assembling and wrapping my grandson's birthday and Confirmation gifts, which he will get tomorrow. Yes, tomorrow our grandson becomes officially a young man. Love rite of passage ceremonies, religious and non religious.

I am also 'busy' reading interesting and revealing stories, will write later.
Member Since: May 6, 2008 Posts: 188 Comments: 19248
Oh, dear - I did some more searching and found your mould/slime occurs after rain (you had lots) on mulched gardens (you mulched).

Control measures for Fuligo septica are neither effective nor necessary. If considered intolerably unsightly, they can be removed by hand or washed off with a hose, but there's a good chance that new ones will pop up at a later date, though probably not next year, unless new mulch is applied.

Sounds like you should stop mulching!! lol
Member Since: October 29, 2005 Posts: 324 Comments: 29623
Hi Alley, LOL! The fun we have!

I was wondering the same thing about the vinegar. Also I found a formula for water/bleach/liquid laundry detergent that is supposed to take care of the problem. This solution can also be used without the bleach, I like this idea better but I am not averse to the idea of using bleach.

You have a very good day as well Alley.

ADD: I did listen to the video you posted and I find it very interesting. My love for Indian culture has never waned! I also love that haunting music, I have several CDs and now obsolete tapes of this music. I brought them back from our trips to Taos, and other areas of the mid west where Indian culture is 'celebrated'.
Member Since: May 6, 2008 Posts: 188 Comments: 19248
I have a feeling that I will not be eating scrambled eggs in the near future without thinking of 'caca de luna'! Oh the things I find with the help of google!

ROFLMBO..don't think I would want to indulge in "Moon Poop" either...I wonder if spraying it with a light solution of vinegar and water would help get rid of it before it makes more spores and moves to another plant. Oh the trials and challenges we face in our gardens everyday. If its not slugs or other critters, its now moon poop. Jeeze....

Have a great day dear one, we are enjoying our rains...
Member Since: April 18, 2007 Posts: 190 Comments: 29464
Spathy, so good to hear from you! I have been wondering if all is well with you.

Thank you for the tidbit. You are right, mine is moving to the left of the original one, and moving, and moving.
Member Since: May 6, 2008 Posts: 188 Comments: 19248
Here and there I have mentioned about a yellow spongy mold in my garden that is engulfing some of my plants. I finally did a little search and found out that it is called "dog vomit" and that it is harmless.

Further research gave me the following information:

"I believe what you are finding, Sara, is most likely Fuligo septica, the aforementioned dog vomit slime mold. To answer everyone's most urgent question first, it's utterly harmless to people, pets and plants. In fact, Fuligo septica is edible. Native people in some parts of Mexico gather it and scramble it like eggs. I hear they call this dish "caca de luna," which I will let you translate for yourself, and which is an even more entertaining name than dog vomit slime mold.

I have a feeling that I will not be eating scrambled eggs in the near future without thinking of 'caca de luna'! Oh the things I find with the help of google!

dog vomit slime
Member Since: May 6, 2008 Posts: 188 Comments: 19248
Hi Prose, Happy June!
Member Since: March 25, 2007 Posts: 290 Comments: 11466
White Rabbits, White Rabbits, White Rabbits - Wishing you a Very Happy June.

"I can't help but wonder how the World would be,
If like the butterfly and rose we lived in harmony."

Bernard Howe
Member Since: October 29, 2005 Posts: 324 Comments: 29623
White rabbits, white rabbits, white rabbits, Pros! Take care; there may be storms about today! We had a hailstorm yesterday that did heavy damage to my garden! :( It may grow back, but I'm not holding my breath!
Member Since: February 3, 2011 Posts: 115 Comments: 19987

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