Hurricane Preparation

By: Patrap , 5:50 PM GMT on December 01, 2009

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Hurricane Preparation




Naval Safety Center

It's time to dust off that family disaster plan, or in many cases, create one.

Keeping your family safe during a hurricane starts with proper planning. One in six Americans live along the eastern seaboard or the Gulf of Mexico, making hurricane preparation a must for many and their families.








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History teaches that a lack of hurricane awareness and preparation are common threads among all major hurricane disasters. By knowing your vulnerability and what actions you should take, you can reduce the effects of a hurricane disaster.

5
HURRICANE PREPAREDNESS TIPS



Hurricane hazards come in many forms: storm surge, high winds, tornadoes, and flooding. This means it is important for your family to have a plan that includes all of these hazards. Look carefully at the safety actions associated with each type of hurricane hazard and prepare your family disaster plan accordingly. But remember this is only a guide. The first and most important thing anyone should do when facing a hurricane threat is to use common sense.

You should be able to answer the following questions before a hurricane threatens:

*
What are the Hurricane Hazards?
*
What does it mean to you?
*
What actions should you take to be prepared?

Hurricanes and Your Health and Safety


* The great majority of injuries during a hurricane are cuts caused by flying glass or other debris. Other injuries include puncture wounds resulting from exposed nails, metal, or glass, and bone fractures.
* State and local health departments may issue health advisories or recommendations particular to local conditions. If in doubt, contact your local or state health department.
* Make sure to include all essential medications -- both prescription and over the counter -- in your family's emergency disaster kit.


* Hurricanes, especially if accompanied by a tidal surge or flooding, can contaminate the public water supply. Drinking contaminated water may cause illness. You cannot assume that the water in the hurricane-affected area is safe to drink.
* In the area hit by a hurricane, water treatment plants may not be operating; even if they are, storm damage and flooding can contaminate water lines. Listen for public announcements about the safety of the municipal water supply.
* If your well has been flooded, it needs to be tested and disinfected after the storm passes and the floodwaters recede. Questions about testing should be directed to your local or state health department.

Water Safety

* Use bottled water that has not been exposed to flood waters if it is available.
* If you don't have bottled water, you should boil water to make it safe. Boiling water will kill most types of disease-causing organisms that may be present. If the water is cloudy, filter it through clean cloths or allow it to settle, and draw off the clear water for boiling. Boil the water for one minute, let it cool, and store it in clean containers with covers.
* If you can't boil water, you can disinfect it using household bleach. Bleach will kill some, but not all, types of disease-causing organisms that may be in the water. If the water is cloudy, filter it through clean cloths or allow it to settle, and draw off the clear water for disinfection. Add 1/8 teaspoon (or 8 drops) of regular, unscented, liquid household bleach for each gallon of water, stir it well and let it stand for 30 minutes before you use it. Store disinfected water in clean containers with covers.
* If you have a well that has been flooded, the water should be tested and disinfected after flood waters recede. If you suspect that your well may be contaminated, contact your local or state health department or agriculture extension agent for specific advice.

Food Safety

* Do not eat any food that may have come into contact with flood water.
* Discard any food that is not in a waterproof container if there is any chance that it has come into contact with flood water. Food containers that are not waterproof include those with screw-caps, snap lids, pull tops, and crimped caps. Also, discard cardboard juice/milk/baby formula boxes and home canned foods if they have come in contact with flood water, because they cannot be effectively cleaned and sanitized.
* Inspect canned foods and discard any food in damaged cans. Can damage is shown by swelling; leakage; punctures; holes; fractures; extensive deep rusting; or crushing/denting severe enough to prevent normal stacking or opening with a manual, wheel-type can opener.
* Undamaged, commercially prepared foods in all-metal cans and retort pouches (for example, flexible, shelf-stable juice or seafood pouches) can be saved if you do the following:
o Remove the labels, if they are the removable kind, since they can harbor dirt and bacteria.
o Thoroughly wash the cans or retort pouches with soap and water, using hot water if it is available.
o Brush or wipe away any dirt or silt.
o Rinse the cans or retort pouches with water that is safe for drinking, if available, since dirt or residual soap will reduce the effectiveness of chlorine sanitation.
o Then, sanitize them by immersion in one of the two following ways:
+ place in water and allow the water to come to a boil and continue boiling for 2 minutes, or
+ place in a freshly-made solution consisting of 1 tablespoon of unscented liquid chlorine bleach per gallon of drinking water (or the cleanest, clearest water available) for 15 minutes.
* Air dry cans or retort pouches for a minimum of 1 hour before opening or storing.
* If the labels were removable, then re-label your cans or retort pouches, including the expiration date (if available), with a marker.
* Food in reconditioned cans or retort pouches should be used as soon as possible, thereafter.
* Any concentrated baby formula in reconditioned, all-metal containers must be diluted with clean, drinking water.
* Thoroughly wash metal pans, ceramic dishes, and utensils (including can openers) with soap and water, using hot water if available. Rinse, and then sanitize them by boiling in clean water or immersing them for 15 minutes in a solution of 1 tablespoon of unscented, liquid chlorine bleach per gallon of drinking water (or the cleanest, clearest water available).
* Thoroughly wash countertops with soap and water, using hot water if available. Rinse, and then sanitize by applying a solution of 1 tablespoon of unscented, liquid chlorine bleach per gallon of drinking water (or the cleanest, clearest water available). Allow to air dry.

Frozen and Refrigerated Foods

* If you will be without power for a long period:
o ask friends to store your frozen foods in their freezers if they have electricity;
o see if freezer space is available in a store, church, school, or commercial freezer that has electrical service; or
o use dry ice, if available. Twenty-five pounds of dry ice will keep a ten-cubic-foot freezer below freezing for 3-4 days. Use care when handling dry ice, and wear dry, heavy gloves to avoid injury.
* Your refrigerator will keep foods cool for about four hours without power if it is unopened. Add block or dry ice to your refrigerator if the electricity will be off longer than four hours.
* Thawed food can usually be eaten if it is still "refrigerator cold," or re-frozen if it still contains ice crystals.
* To be safe, remember, "When in doubt, throw it out." Discard any food that has been at room temperature for two hours or more, and any food that has an unusual odor, color, or texture.

Sanitation and Hygiene

It is critical for you to remember to practice basic hygiene during the emergency period. Always wash your hands with soap and water that has been boiled or disinfected:

* before preparing or eating
* after toilet use
* after participating in cleanup activities; and
* after handling articles contaminated with floodwater or sewage.

If there is flooding along with a hurricane, the waters may contain fecal material from overflowing sewage systems and agricultural and industrial waste. Although skin contact with floodwater does not, by itself, pose a serious health risk, there is risk of disease from eating or drinking anything contaminated with floodwater.

If you have any open cuts or sores that will be exposed to floodwater, keep them as clean as possible by washing them with soap and applying an antibiotic ointment to discourage infection. If a wound develops redness, swelling, or drainage, seek immediate medical attention.

Do not allow children to play in floodwater areas. Wash children's hands frequently (always before meals), and do not allow children to play with floodwater-contaminated toys that have not been disinfected. You can disinfect toys using a solution of one cup of bleach in five gallons of water.

Immunizations

Outbreaks of communicable diseases after hurricanes are unusual. However, the rates of diseases that were present before a hurricane may increase because of a lack of sanitation or overcrowding in shelters. Increases in infectious diseases that were not present before the hurricane are not a problem, so mass vaccination programs are unnecessary.

If you have wounds, you should be evaluated for a tetanus immunization, just as you would at any other time of injury. If you receive a puncture wound or a wound contaminated with feces, soil, or saliva, have a doctor or health department determine whether a tetanus booster is necessary based on individual records.

Specific recommendations for vaccinations should be made on a case-by-case basis, or as determined by local and state health departments.

Mosquitoes

Rain and flooding in a hurricane area may lead to an increase in mosquitoes. Mosquitoes are most active at sunrise and sunset. In most cases, the mosquitoes will be pests but will not carry communicable diseases. It is unlikely that diseases which were not present in the area prior to the hurricane would be of concern. Local, state, and federal public health authorities will be actively working to control the spread of any mosquito-borne diseases.

To protect yourself from mosquitoes, use screens on dwellings, and wear clothes with long sleeves and long pants. Insect repellents that contain DEET are very effective. Be sure to read all instructions before using DEET. Care must be taken when using DEET on small children. Products containing DEET are available from stores and through local and state health departments.

To control mosquito populations, drain all standing water left in open containers outside your home.

Mental Health

The days and weeks after a hurricane are going to be rough. In addition to your physical health, you need to take some time to consider your mental health as well. Remember that some sleeplessness, anxiety, anger, hyperactivity, mild depression, or lethargy are normal, and may go away with time. If you feel any of these symptoms acutely, seek counseling. Remember that children need extra care and attention before, during, and after the storm. Be sure to locate a favorite toy or game for your child before the storm arrives to help maintain his/her sense of security. Your state and local health departments will help you find the local resources, including hospitals or health care providers, that you may need.

Seeking Assistance after a Hurricane

SEEKING DISASTER ASSISTANCE: Throughout the recovery period, it is important to monitor local radio or television reports and other media sources for information about where to get emergency housing, food, first aid, clothing, and financial assistance. The following section provides general information about the kinds of assistance that may be available.

DIRECT ASSISTANCE: Direct assistance to individuals and families may come from any number of organizations, including: the American Red Cross, the Salvation Army, and other volunteer organizations. These organizations provide food, shelter, supplies and assist in clean-up efforts.

THE FEDERAL ROLE: In the most severe disasters, the federal government is also called in to help individuals and families with temporary housing, counseling (for post-disaster trauma), low-interest loans and grants, and other assistance. The federal government also has programs that help small businesses and farmers.

Most federal assistance becomes available when the President of the United States declares a �Major Disaster� for the affected area at the request of a state governor. FEMA will provide information through the media and community outreach about federal assistance and how to apply.

Coping after a Hurricane Everyone who sees or experiences a hurricane is affected by it in some way. It is normal to feel anxious about your own safety and that of your family and close friends. Profound sadness, grief, and anger are normal reactions to an abnormal event. Acknowledging your feelings helps you recover. Focusing on your strengths and abilities helps you heal. Accepting help from community programs and resources is healthy. Everyone has different needs and different ways of coping. It is common to want to strike back at people who have caused great pain. Children and older adults are of special concern in the aftermath of disasters. Even individuals who experience a disaster �second hand� through exposure to extensive media coverage can be affected.

Contact local faith-based organizations, voluntary agencies, or professional counselors for counseling. Additionally, FEMA and state and local governments of the affected area may provide crisis counseling assistance.

Minimize this emotional and traumatic experience by being prepared, not scared and therefore you and your family will stay in control and survive a major hurricane.

SIGNS OF HURRICANE RELATED STRESS:

* Difficulty communicating thoughts.
* Difficulty sleeping.
* Difficulty maintaining balance in their lives.
* Low threshold of frustration.
* Increased use of drugs/alcohol.
* Limited attention span.
* Poor work performance.
* Headaches/stomach problems.
* Tunnel vision/muffled hearing.
* Colds or flu-like symptoms.
* Disorientation or confusion.
* Difficulty concentrating.
* Reluctance to leave home.
* Depression, sadness.
* Feelings of hopelessness.
* Mood-swings and easy bouts of crying.
* Overwhelming guilt and self-doubt.
* Fear of crowds, strangers, or being alone.

EASING HURRICANE RELATED STRESS:

* Talk with someone about your feelings - anger, sorrow, and other emotions - even though it may be difficult.
* Seek help from professional counselors who deal with post-disaster stress.
* Do not hold yourself responsible for the disastrous event or be frustrated because you feel you cannot help directly in the rescue work.
* Take steps to promote your own physical and emotional healing by healthy eating, rest, exercise, relaxation, and meditation.
* Maintain a normal family and daily routine, limiting demanding responsibilities on yourself and your family.
* Spend time with family and friends.
* Participate in memorials.
* Use existing support groups of family, friends, and religious institutions.
* Ensure you are ready for future events by restocking your disaster supplies kits and updating your family disaster plans.

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41. Patrap
1:45 AM GMT on December 11, 2009
20 December





Member Since: July 3, 2005 Posts: 432 Comments: 131997
40. Patrap
1:41 AM GMT on December 11, 2009
Been looking for a new Map.

Member Since: July 3, 2005 Posts: 432 Comments: 131997
39. AllyBama
12:56 AM GMT on December 11, 2009
Good evening Pat...I have been admiring your "snow" map and am curious if anything has changed since yesterday - inquiring minds want to know!..lol
Member Since: August 3, 2006 Posts: 133 Comments: 20645
37. Patrap
5:48 PM GMT on December 10, 2009
Member Since: July 3, 2005 Posts: 432 Comments: 131997
36. Patrap
9:03 PM GMT on December 09, 2009
New Snow Map

Next Friday the 18th at 6pm CDT


Member Since: July 3, 2005 Posts: 432 Comments: 131997
35. Patrap
8:30 PM GMT on December 08, 2009
..from a friend

The 12 Games of the Season

On the twelfth game of the season Coach Peyton gave to me: 12 Romped Redskins, 11 Punked Patriots, 10 Battered Bucs, 9 Ragged Rams, 8 Pounced Panthers, 7 Dirty Birds, 6 Dunked Dolphins, 5 Shrunk-en Giants, 4 Wrecked Jets, 3 Beat up Bills, 2 Tame Eagles, and a Lion Sauce Picante!

Member Since: July 3, 2005 Posts: 432 Comments: 131997
33. Patrap
5:48 PM GMT on December 07, 2009
Ahhh yes,...a Xmas Tabby!!
Member Since: July 3, 2005 Posts: 432 Comments: 131997
32. NRAamy
5:45 PM GMT on December 07, 2009



Tabby loves being inside the Christmas Wreath!!!!

:)
Member Since: January 24, 2007 Posts: 319 Comments: 31956
31. Patrap
5:22 PM GMT on December 07, 2009
Member Since: July 3, 2005 Posts: 432 Comments: 131997
30. Patrap
11:42 PM GMT on December 06, 2009
Member Since: July 3, 2005 Posts: 432 Comments: 131997
29. CaicosRetiredSailor
10:34 PM GMT on December 06, 2009
Wheeeew....

Dem Redskins TUFF
(superb defense!)

The longer you go undefeated the bigger the target every other team paints on you.


Howsumever... what counts is-

The final Score:

Saints 33
Redskins 30

HOW BOUT dem SAINTS!
Member Since: July 12, 2007 Posts: 0 Comments: 6069
28. Patrap
10:05 PM GMT on December 06, 2009
2009 NFC South Division Champions

New Orleans Saints


12-0

Member Since: July 3, 2005 Posts: 432 Comments: 131997
27. Patrap
9:58 PM GMT on December 06, 2009
Holy Smokes I believe it dropped a few degrees here and in Hades again.

Come on home for the Gumbo Boyz.

A Wunderful Comeback. The Who Dat Nation Grows again..


The Debacle in D.C.,

...In Overtime.

SAINTS 33

Redskins 30



12-0






Member Since: July 3, 2005 Posts: 432 Comments: 131997
26. sandcrab39565
12:55 PM GMT on December 06, 2009
Twas the month before Christmas and no sign of snow. But NOLA doesn't care cause the Saints are 11 & 0. Dinkins scored a touchdown, Sharper intercepted a pass. And the Who Dat Nation cheered when Brady was sacked on his ass. Sunday the Redskins, to Washington we will go. And when the Black and Gold get finished we'll b...e 12 & 0! Go Brees, Go Bush, Go Harper & Ellis, our teams UNDEFEATED and the others are jealous!
Member Since: June 25, 2006 Posts: 36 Comments: 9972
22. Patrap
5:27 AM GMT on December 04, 2009
Snow Crazy round here as we wait for the earliest Snow ever.
Save for Last year,Dec 11th 2008
Member Since: July 3, 2005 Posts: 432 Comments: 131997
21. Beachfoxx
5:20 AM GMT on December 04, 2009
Snow??? Snow???
Yikes.... do you have your Snow Kit ready????
Member Since: July 10, 2005 Posts: 157 Comments: 29391
20. Patrap
4:09 AM GMT on December 04, 2009
.."I dont know what "Snow" is,but my Keeper,Patrap is running around grabbing Gloves, funny hats and scarfs and Galoshes for this Snow trip Tomorrow".


Oh,..and I do Lurk some ya know?


Member Since: July 3, 2005 Posts: 432 Comments: 131997
19. Patrap
3:14 AM GMT on December 04, 2009
Hey Patrap..Clark Nailed it with the NAM seems ,eh?

Member Since: July 3, 2005 Posts: 432 Comments: 131997
18. sandcrab39565
2:12 AM GMT on December 03, 2009
Final season wins


Dec 06 @ WASHINGTON REDSKINS 12:00PM
FOX

Dec 13 @ ATLANTA FALCONS 12:00PM
FOX

Dec 19 vs. DALLAS COWBOYS 7:20PM
NFLN

Dec 27 vs. TAMPA BAY BUCCANEERS 12:00PM
FOX

Jan 03 @ CAROLINA PANTHERS 12:00PM
FOX


Member Since: June 25, 2006 Posts: 36 Comments: 9972
17. auburn (Mod)
10:17 PM GMT on December 02, 2009
Member Since: August 27, 2006 Posts: 548 Comments: 51306
13. Patrap
4:21 AM GMT on December 02, 2009
Member Since: July 3, 2005 Posts: 432 Comments: 131997
12. Patrap
3:47 AM GMT on December 02, 2009
That would go for us too. Back to Back Snow events,LESS than a year apart.

Weird Mojo fo sho gurl..!

..also this tonight and tomorrow for the Pirates out there.


Gale Warning

OFFSHORE WATERS FORECAST FOR THE GULF OF MEXICO
NWS TPC/NATIONAL HURRICANE CENTER MIAMI FL
930 PM CST TUE DEC 01 2009

OFFSHORE WATERS FORECAST FOR THE GULF OF MEXICO

SEAS GIVEN AS SIGNIFICANT WAVE HEIGHT...WHICH IS THE AVERAGE
HEIGHT OF THE HIGHEST 1/3 OF THE WAVES. INDIVIDUAL WAVES
MAY BE MORE THAN TWICE THE SIGNIFICANT WAVE HEIGHT.

GMZ080-020930-
NW GULF N OF 25N W OF 90W
INCLUDING THE FLOWER GARDEN BANKS NATIONAL MARINE SANCTUARY
930 PM CST TUE DEC 01 2009

...GALE WARNING N OF 27N E OF 92W...

.TONIGHT...WITHIN 120 NM SE SEMICIRCLE OF LOW WINDS 25 TO 35 KT.
SEAS 8 TO 14 FT. ELSEWHERE N OF 27N AND ELSEWHERE E OF COLD
FRONT E TO SE WINDS 25 TO 35 KT...EXCEPT S WINDS E OF COLD
FRONT. SEAS 7 TO 10 FT. W OF COLD FRONT W TO NW WINDS 20 TO 25
KT. SEAS 6 TO 8 FT. SCATTERED TSTMS.
.WED...W TO NW WINDS 20 TO 25 KT. SEAS 7 TO 12 FT. SCATTERED
TSTMS ALONG FRONT.
.WED NIGHT...NW TO N WINDS 15 TO 20 KT. SEAS 6 TO 9 FT.
.THU AND THU NIGHT...NE WINDS 10 TO 15 KT. SEAS 2 TO 4 FT.
.FRI...NE TO E WINDS 15 TO 25 KT. SEAS 6 TO 9 FT.
.SAT...W OF FRONT N WINDS 20 TO 25 KT. SEAS 8 TO 12 FT. E OF
FRONT SW WINDS 20 KT. SEAS 8 FT.
.SUN...E TO SE WINDS 15 TO 20 KT. SEAS SUBSIDING TO 5 TO 7 FT.
Member Since: July 3, 2005 Posts: 432 Comments: 131997
11. EmmyRose
3:43 AM GMT on December 02, 2009
NIGHT SHIFT HAS WEIGHED IN


LOOKING AHEAD TO FRIDAY`S EVENT IN WHICH EACH MODEL RUN IS BEING
HEAVILY SCRUTINIZED. THE NEW 00Z NAM IS A BIT SLOWER WITH THE
UPPER LOW AND DELAYS ONSET OF PRECIP UNTIL FRIDAY AFTERNOON.
NAM FCST SOUNDINGS STILL SUPPORT SNOW FOR THE NORTHERN ZONES AND
A MIX OF RAIN AND SNOW FOR THE HOUSTON AREA LATE IN THE DAY
LASTING INTO THE EVENING HOURS. IT SHOULD BE POINTED OUT THAT
CLIMATOLOGICALLY...HOUSTON HAS NEVER SEEN MEASURABLE SNOW OCCUR ON
TWO CONSECUTIVE WINTER SEASONS.
Member Since: July 15, 2005 Posts: 347 Comments: 76405
10. Patrap
1:58 AM GMT on December 02, 2009
U betcha neighbor..Who Dat Nation is growing seems!
Member Since: July 3, 2005 Posts: 432 Comments: 131997
9. sandcrab39565
12:41 AM GMT on December 02, 2009
11-0 5 more to go then the fun begins.
Member Since: June 25, 2006 Posts: 36 Comments: 9972
8. Patrap
10:56 PM GMT on December 01, 2009
Member Since: July 3, 2005 Posts: 432 Comments: 131997
7. Patrap
10:55 PM GMT on December 01, 2009
Quoting CaicosRetiredSailor:
...Best checxk on the RUm Supply...!

...same here but for different reason.
I went to a lady friends house today and she has a very productive Key Lime tree... she hardly uses any, so I came home with a bag full... Now I need Rhum.



I'll be there round Midnight CRS,..I'll bring some Shrimp Creole and rice too..
Member Since: July 3, 2005 Posts: 432 Comments: 131997
6. Patrap
10:54 PM GMT on December 01, 2009


Member Since: July 3, 2005 Posts: 432 Comments: 131997
5. CaicosRetiredSailor
10:36 PM GMT on December 01, 2009
...Best checxk on the RUm Supply...!

...same here but for different reason.
I went to a lady friends house today and she has a very productive Key Lime tree... she hardly uses any, so I came home with a bag full... Now I need Rhum.
Member Since: July 12, 2007 Posts: 0 Comments: 6069
4. Patrap
10:21 PM GMT on December 01, 2009
Member Since: July 3, 2005 Posts: 432 Comments: 131997
3. Patrap
6:56 PM GMT on December 01, 2009
Member Since: July 3, 2005 Posts: 432 Comments: 131997
2. Patrap
6:48 PM GMT on December 01, 2009
GOM IR Loop

Member Since: July 3, 2005 Posts: 432 Comments: 131997
1. Patrap
6:18 PM GMT on December 01, 2009
Looks Like NOLA and Dixie may get a Blizzard Rudolph!

Best checxk on the RUm Supply...!


Woooooooo,hooooooooo..!


Member Since: July 3, 2005 Posts: 432 Comments: 131997

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