Green Bay vs. Siberia: comparing Poles of Cold

By: Dr. Jeff Masters , 5:02 PM GMT on January 20, 2008

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Sure, it's cold in football's Pole of Cold--Green Bay, Wisconsin--where game time temperatures for today's NFC Championship Game will be lucky to crack zero degrees Fahrenheit, making it the third coldest NFL playoff game ever. Yeah, those crazy bare-chested Green Bay fans sure look pretty tough in that extreme cold, but they are total wimps compared to the people living in Siberia's Pole of Cold--Ojmjakon, Russia. The temperatures in Ojmjakon this weekend fell to -76°F, making the game being played in Green Bay seem like a summer tea party.

This weekend's -76°F reading was not very unusual for Ojmjakon (also spelled Oymyakon), which is considered to be the coldest inhabited town on earth. Ojmjakon also reached -76°F in both 2007 and 2005. The city lies in a river valley in eastern Siberia, and the cold air pools at night in the bottom of the valley, creating ridiculously low temperatures. On February 6, 1933, an absolute minimum of -67.7°C (-89.9°F) was registered in Oymyakon, putting the city in a virtual tie with the -67.8°C (-90.0°F) measured at Verkhoyank, Siberia on January 15, 1885. These are the two coldest temperatures ever measured on earth, outside of Antarctica. On January 26, 1926, a astonishing -71.2°C (-96.2°F) was measured at Ojmjakon. However, this temperature is unofficial, since the temperature was not directly measured, but obtained by extrapolation.


Figure 1.The world's coldest inhabited city, Ojmjakon, Russia, lies in a river valley in eastern Siberia. Image credit: Google.

According to Chris Burt's Extreme Weather: A Guide and Record Book, supply trucks servicing the area must never turn off their engines in winter. If the engine block freezes, truckers light a fire underneath it to warm it up. When the temperature falls below -58°F (-50°C), ice crystals in the atmosphere make a swishing sound called the "whispering of the stars". What's it like at -80°? Again, Chris Burt's book provides some insight. Two weather observers at the Snag airport in the Yukon of Canada experienced -81.4°F on February 3, 1947, and reported:

"We threw a dish of water high into the air, just to see what would happen. Before it hit the ground, it made a hissing noise, froze, and feel as tiny round pellets the size of wheat kernels. Spit also froze before hitting the ground. Ice became so hard the axe rebounded from it. At such temperatures, metal snapped like ice; wood became petrified; and rubber was just like cement. The dogs' leather harness couldn't bend or it would break...It was unique to see a vapor trail several yards long pursuing one as he moved about outside. Becoming lost was of no concern. As an observer walked along the runway each breath remained as a tiny motionless mist behind him at head level. These patches of human breath fog remained in the still air for three or four minutes before fading away. One observer even found such a trail still marking his path when he returned along the same path 15 minutes later".

Jeff Masters

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94. HadesGodWyvern (Mod)
10:28 PM GMT on January 22, 2008


1800z - JTWC 20kts 1007mb
- RSMC 25kts 1006hPa

Member Since: May 24, 2006 Posts: 54 Comments: 48885
93. beell
10:20 PM GMT on January 22, 2008
Anybody watchin the T Storms in the NE GOM?
Member Since: September 11, 2007 Posts: 149 Comments: 17521
91. Dakster
9:15 PM GMT on January 22, 2008
Vortfix,

I just read a similiar article in the Miami-Herald... Global Warming is casuing fewer Hurricanes to strike the U.S. Coast.

Kind of wierd since 2005 was a record breaking, land falling Hurricane/Tropical Storm kinda year. And last year was a record breaking Cat 5 and rapid instensification year for the Atlantic Hurricane Basin. I can't back anything up scientifically one way or the other. However, seems a little contradictoary to me.

But what are the experts on this blogs opinion?
Member Since: March 10, 2006 Posts: 0 Comments: 11291
90. NEwxguy
8:41 PM GMT on January 22, 2008
FORECASTS AND OBSERVATIONS SUPPORT A PREDICTION OF STRONG LA NINA CONDITIONS
FOR FMA 2008, FOLLOWED BY WEAKER LA NINA CONDITIONS THEREAFTER. THE CONSENSUS
OF MODEL FORECASTS FOR NINO 3.4 SSTS INDICATE THAT THE CURRENT SST ANOMALIES OF
BETWEEN 1 AND 2+ DEGREES C BELOW NORMAL WILL GRADUALLY DIMINISH DURING FMA AND
MAM (SPRING) 2008.
Member Since: September 6, 2007 Posts: 896 Comments: 16202
89. Cavin Rawlins
8:27 PM GMT on January 22, 2008
I'll be tracking this in the upcoming days

Member Since: July 24, 2005 Posts: 407 Comments: 19076
88. Cavin Rawlins
8:21 PM GMT on January 22, 2008
the article is mock article......meant for humour
Member Since: July 24, 2005 Posts: 407 Comments: 19076
86. petet
8:04 PM GMT on January 22, 2008
RECORD - EVER!

Ok,after the cataclisms - really a lot of snow in Bulgaria,today was the most hottest day in the meteo history in Bulgaria!

17.6*
84. MisterPerfect
6:43 PM GMT on January 22, 2008
Let's all go green. Then we can all foreclose on our mortgages and live in cardboard boxes under balsa wood bridges...
Member Since: November 1, 2006 Posts: 71 Comments: 20141
83. MisterPerfect
6:41 PM GMT on January 22, 2008
Hmmmm...Ever since we went "green" full throtle the world economy was fallen to terrible lows. Thanks a lot Mr. Gore, you're a superb economist as well as a scientist...
Member Since: November 1, 2006 Posts: 71 Comments: 20141
81. biff4ugo
6:36 PM GMT on January 22, 2008
The Wispering of the stars sounds amazing. I have heard a penny scream on dry ice, I have had my breath freeze and snow back down on me in Japan. It was odd to see my breath cloud kind of crumple as it froze.
I wonder if the wisper sounds as cool as the "snick" of a peppermint patty, when you break it.
And here I thought it was cool to see ice spouting out of a coke can as it froze like one of those carbon firework snakes. For a Florida boy, THAT is cold.
Member Since: December 28, 2006 Posts: 117 Comments: 1630
79. Sfloridacat5
6:20 PM GMT on January 22, 2008
2 measureable snows in Atlanta so far this month. Yes, its been cold (below normal) across most the U.S. the past couple weeks.
Member Since: September 16, 2007 Posts: 0 Comments: 10995
77. Buhdog
5:51 PM GMT on January 22, 2008
Hey SJ....long time no talk!!!! 78 degrees and balmy here in Ft. Myers.

Member Since: July 30, 2005 Posts: 1 Comments: 960
76. NEwxguy
5:33 PM GMT on January 22, 2008
Vort,as we saw with the tropical season,the La Nina isn't the only factor that effects our weather,I saw the 90 day outlook and they are expecting the la nina conditions to continue into early spring and then slowly begin to ease.
Member Since: September 6, 2007 Posts: 896 Comments: 16202
75. NEwxguy
5:32 PM GMT on January 22, 2008
SJ we adapt,but it is getting old,hoping for a warmer February.
Member Since: September 6, 2007 Posts: 896 Comments: 16202
74. HadesGodWyvern (Mod)
5:17 PM GMT on January 22, 2008
Japan Meteorological Agency

TROPICAL DEPRESSION
10.0N 115.0E - 25 knots 1006 hPa

Moving west at 10 knots

PAGASA

Weather Synopsis
===================
At 2 p.m. PST, a Low Pressure Area was estimated at 350 kms west of Palawan (10.6°N 115.7°E). Tail-end of a cold front affecting Luzon

Joint Typhoon Warning Center

Tropical Disturbance Summary 0900z 22Jan
========================================
An area of convection (92W) located near 10.4N 115.9E or 410 NM south-southeast of Nha Trang, Vietnam. Recent Enhanced Infrared Satellite Imagery shows a new burst of convection directly over the low level circulation center, As well as a continued area of persistent covergent in the northern semi-circle. A 20 knots surface wind observation was observed approximately one degree west of the system's center.

The upper level environment shows the low level circulation center in close proximity to a ridge axis allowing for low vertical wind shear and good diffluence aloft. Ocean Heat Content and sea surface temperatures are conducive for development.

Maximum sustained winds near the center is 15-20 knots with a minimum sea level pressure of 1007 mb. Due to the increasing convection over the low level circulation center, the potential of this disturbance to form into a significant tropical cyclone within the next 24 hours is upgraded to FAIR.
Member Since: May 24, 2006 Posts: 54 Comments: 48885
73. StormJunkie
5:07 PM GMT on January 22, 2008
Morning all :~)

Storm, Vort, 456, pot and everyone else %u263A

Look forward to the pics til

My bad, morning to you too NEwx, hope you're stayin' warm up there!
Member Since: August 17, 2005 Posts: 26 Comments: 16875
72. tillou
5:01 PM GMT on January 22, 2008
I was able to take a tour of one of NOAA's P-3 Research Platforms, a Lockheed WP-3D Orion and a hurricane hunter from the Air Force Reserve, the WC-130J.

I believe the NOAA plane was the one that was knocked out a couple of days from a rough ride earlier this year (because of Felex). The plane experieced to much positive and negative G's. I'm don't know for sure if it was this particular plane though.

I took pictures but, I have to get the film developed before I can post them.
Member Since: August 19, 2007 Posts: 0 Comments: 198
70. NEwxguy
4:38 PM GMT on January 22, 2008
Vort,doesn't make me feel warmer,but does increase the urge to get on a plane and fly south.
Member Since: September 6, 2007 Posts: 896 Comments: 16202
69. pottery
4:35 PM GMT on January 22, 2008
Hey 456, I love it.........
Member Since: October 24, 2005 Posts: 0 Comments: 25412
67. Cavin Rawlins
4:26 PM GMT on January 22, 2008
MYTH: Recent cold winters and cool summers don’t feel like global warming to me.

FACT: While different pockets of the country have experienced some cold winters here and there, the overall trend is warmer winters.

Measurements show that over the last century the Earth’s climate has warmed overall, in all seasons, and in most regions. Climate skeptics mislead the public when they claim that the winter of 2003–2004 was the coldest ever in the northeastern United States. That winter was only the 33rd coldest in the region since records began in 1896. Furthermore, a single year of cold weather in one region of the globe is not an indication of a trend in the global climate, which refers to a long-term average over the entire planet.
Member Since: July 24, 2005 Posts: 407 Comments: 19076
66. Cavin Rawlins
4:20 PM GMT on January 22, 2008
LOL


After a Cold Winter, Europe Asks the US to Increase Global Warming
power plant pollution


BRUSSELS — After suffering through a much colder than usual winter, leaders of the European Community have appealed to the United States to do more to increase global warming.

"We were mistaken in urging people to conserve energy," said one European official. "We thought that the planet was in danger of being flooded as global warming melted the polar ice caps, and that the villain was carbon dioxide emissions. But after freezing our behinds off this winter, we now know we were wrong, and that the Bush Administration was right in not signing the Kyoto Accord."

"As the world's only superpower, the US is the only nation that has the resources to fix the problem," continued the official. "We're still squabbling here among ourselves, unable to come up with a joint plan of action, so we need the US to bail us out again. We urge President Bush to do something about this."

The Bush Administration seemed ready to respond to fill the void. Vice President Bono said he was writing a new song entitled "Buy More SUVs."

"I ask myself what the late, great Dick Cheney would have done is this situation," said Bono. "He would have contacted Big Oil for advice, so that's what I'm going to do. Forget Africa, they can't help us fix this problem."

Secretary of State Barbra Streisand complained that no one took her seriously.

Former Secretary of State Colin Powell remained lukewarm to the idea of America acting unilaterally. "The Europeans should really do more and shoulder some of the burden," he said. "Also, I don't think we should act without going to the United Nations and getting a resolution from the Security Council."

But Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld said, "Screw that. We'll go it alone. Instead of using technology to bury carbon dioxide underground, let's use it to release carbon dioxide from the earth and from the oceans. If we run short we could unfreeze the carbon dioxide ice caps on the moon and bring the gas back to Earth in space shuttles. Why, the shuttles don't even have to land on Earth. They could just dump the gas into the atmosphere as they break up on re-entry."

Jacques Ch-iraq warmly praised the US initiative. "Like my country, I am old, impotent and irrelevant," he said. "America is truly the world's leader."
Member Since: July 24, 2005 Posts: 407 Comments: 19076
65. NEwxguy
3:46 PM GMT on January 22, 2008
We will eventually Storm,but its been a long winter already.
Member Since: September 6, 2007 Posts: 896 Comments: 16202
63. NEwxguy
3:38 PM GMT on January 22, 2008
62. NEwxguy 3:24 PM GMT on January 22, 2008
What I wouldn't give for temps in the 70's.
GM, Storm

Let me revise that statement,What I wouldn't give for temps in the 50's
Member Since: September 6, 2007 Posts: 896 Comments: 16202
62. NEwxguy
3:24 PM GMT on January 22, 2008
What I wouldn't give for temps in the 70's.
GM, Storm
Member Since: September 6, 2007 Posts: 896 Comments: 16202
59. NorthxCakalaky
2:36 PM GMT on January 22, 2008
Below are reported traffic accidents around the area:

-- 20 car accident near I-85 at Mt. Hope Church Road.

-- A road block is setup on HWY 61 between Sockwell Rd & Bell Flower Rd in Gibsonville. Caller says the road is ice covered and police are making everyone turn around.

-- Accident near Southeast Middle School in Guilford County.

-- Wreck reported on Penny Road in High Point. Overturned car, firetrucks on scene.

-- Caller says there's an overturned car on Hwy 22 south at Grays
58. NorthxCakalaky
2:35 PM GMT on January 22, 2008
Guilford County School Buses Parked until Roads Improve

Last Edited: Tuesday, 22 Jan 2008, 9:27 AM EST
Created: Tuesday, 22 Jan 2008, 8:47 AM EST

Guilford County Schools SideBar


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GREENSBORO, N.C. -- Guilford County School bus drivers have been instructed to hold at a safe location until further notice. Buses will be released as soon as temperatures rise and road conditions improve, no later than 10 a.m., sooner if possible. Buses will run their engines to maintain heat while being held.


NOTE: School is not delayed
57. Cavin Rawlins
11:13 AM GMT on January 22, 2008
Good Day to all,

....SYNOPSIS....

GULF OF MEXICO/NORTHWEST ATLANTIC OCEAN WEST OF 50W....

The Western extent of a high-pressure ridge over the Atlantic is producing 10-20 knot return flow over the Gulf of Mexico. A combination of upper diffluence associated with the westerlies and a surface trough across Central Gulf is producing scattered showers and isolated thunderstorms mainly east of the trough axis between 90W and 80W from 22N to 27N. Additional mid-upper level moisture is moving across Texas and into the Gulf. This is associated with another surface trough being enhanced by the upper level westerlies. Expect another cold front to enter the Gulf of Mexico in the near-term bring additional moisture to the Gulf Coast States.

A stationary front goes from Western Cuba to 28N/65W...a cold front continues along 28N/60W 30N/50W. Showers are within 120 nmi either side of the frontal boundary which includes Western Cuba and the Bahamas. Elsewhere across the Western Atlantic...high-pressure stratocumulus globes are seen within the northeasterlies from 63W to 55W north of 20N.

CENTRAL AMERICA AND THE CARIBBEAN REGION....

THE main weather maker across the Caribbean this morning continues to be the easterly trades, which are blowing 20 knots, kicking up seas of 6-10 ft and advecting patches of low-level moisture across the region. The most prevalent moisture is seen across the Eastern Caribbean where globes of high-pressure stratocumulus are invading the area. In addition, debris moisture is noted across the Western Caribbean in conjunction with the surface trough and cold front.


by W456
Member Since: July 24, 2005 Posts: 407 Comments: 19076
55. NorthxCakalaky
1:04 AM GMT on January 22, 2008
One day ill take a picture of the eastern slopes of the Blue Ridge Mountains in N.C.


Anyone know how to add your portrait?I click that box and uploaded it like 3times.
54. HadesGodWyvern (Mod)
10:08 PM GMT on January 21, 2008
An area of convection (96P) located near 16.0S 165.5W or 315 NM east-southeast of Pago Pago, American Samoa. Animated Multispectral Satellite Imagery continues to indicate multiple low level circulation centers embedded within an area of sharp troughing and a slowly consolidating depression. A SSMI Image depicts two distinct areas of deep convection forming along the convergent western and eastern quadrants. Quikscat Image showed a define, broad low level circulation center with 15-20 knots unflagged winds located within a large cyclonic circulation. Surface Observations from Pago Pago indicates surface low pressure near 999 mb with 24 hours falls of 3 mb and sustained winds at 20 knots.

Upper level environment appears fair with broad, divergent flow across the low level circulation centers and moderate vertical wind shear. After the next 24 hours, the models indicate an improving environment with a developing anticyclone over the low level circulation center as well as improved poleward outflow ahead of a deepening upper level trough.

Maximum sustained winds near the center is 20-25 knots with a minimum sea level pressure of 996 mb. Based on the slowly improving organization and marginal environment, the potential of this disturbance to form into a significant tropical cyclone within the next 24 hours is upgraded to FAIR.
Member Since: May 24, 2006 Posts: 54 Comments: 48885
53. wansuyou
10:01 PM GMT on January 21, 2008
where?
52. NorthxCakalaky
9:37 PM GMT on January 21, 2008
3rd WINTER STORM HITTING N.C

Winter weather adivisories ae in effect.

Tuesday morning mix of sleet/freezing rain changing to all rain by afternoon then changing to snow by night.
50. msphar
7:57 PM GMT on January 21, 2008
could use a little global warming out in the west.
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49. HadesGodWyvern (Mod)
7:54 PM GMT on January 21, 2008
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE PAGO PAGO
HURRICANE STATEMENT - TROPICAL DEPRESSION 11
600 AM SST MON JAN 21 2008



...A GALE WATCH REMAINS IN EFFECT FOR TUTUILA...AUNUU AND MANUA ISLANDS FOR MONDAY NIGHT AND TUESDAY...

...NEW INFORMATION...

TROPICAL DEPRESSION 11F WAS RELOCATED NEAR 15.0 SOUTH 167.0 WEST OR
ABOUT 150 NM EAST OF MANUA AT 500 AM SST MONDAY. TROPICAL DEPRESSION
11F IS FORECAST TO MOVE CLOSER TO PAGO PAGO THIS EVENING WHILE IT
CONTINUES TO INTENSIFY BEFORE MOVING SOUTHWARD TUESDAY. AN ACTIVE TROUGH
FROM TROPICAL DEPRESSION 11F WESTWARD ACROSS THE SAMOA GROUP TO FUTUNA
WESTWARD WILL REMAIN NEARLY STATIONARY BEFORE MOVING SOUTHWARD SLOWLY
TUESDAY.

...AREAS AFFECTED...

THIS STATEMENT RECOMMENDS ACTIONS TO BE TAKEN BY RESIDENTS OF TUTUILA...
AUNUU AND MANUA ISLANDS IN PREPARATION FOR TROPICAL DEPRESSION 11F.

...WATCHES AND WARNINGS...

A GALE WATCH REMAINS IN EFFECT FOR TUTUILA..AUNUU AND MANUA FOR MONDAY
NIGHT AND TUESDAY. A GALE WATCH MEANS WINDS OF 40 TO 50 MPH COULD
DEVELOP WITHIN AFFECTED ISLANDS IN 24 TO 36 HOURS.

...STORM INFORMATION...
TROPICAL DEPRESSION 11F WILL CONTINUE TO INTENSIFY AND MOVE CLOSER
TO PAGO PAGO THIS EVENING BEFORE MOVING SOUTHWARD TUESDAY.

...PRECAUTIONARY/PREPAREDNESS ACTIONS...
ALL RESIDENTS OF AMERICAN SAMOA ARE ASKED TO PLEASE TAKE NECESSARY
ACTIONS TO PROTECT LIFE AND PROPERTIES.
Member Since: May 24, 2006 Posts: 54 Comments: 48885
48. NEwxguy
6:54 PM GMT on January 21, 2008
Most of the nation is shivering,we in the northern area adapt to it,but the south can't be enjoying this.
Member Since: September 6, 2007 Posts: 896 Comments: 16202
47. unclemush
12:18 PM CST on January 21, 2008
Very interesting blog. Thank you
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45. Michfan
6:03 PM GMT on January 21, 2008
Great blog today. It interesting to see how people survive in those kind of temps.
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44. lawntonlookers
5:56 PM GMT on January 21, 2008
Good afternoon

It sounds like you are getting another snow count Lake. I might get one on Tuesday. It is the coldest day of the season, but for the middle of January, 15F isn't bad at all. Only have another 12 days until Punxsutawney Phil makes his forcast for the rest of the winter. Any way you look at it, it is less than eight weeks. Have a great day.
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Jeff co-founded the Weather Underground in 1995 while working on his Ph.D. He flew with the NOAA Hurricane Hunters from 1986-1990.

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