Storms and heat in Europe

By: Dr. Jeff Masters , 4:04 PM GMT on January 19, 2007

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Europe's strange winter weather continues to generate headlines, as a powerful low pressure system brought hurricane-force wind gusts to England, Germany, the Czech Republic, and many other European countries on Thursday. The powerful extratropical cyclone, now centered over western Russia, has a central pressure of 960 mb--the kind of pressures commonly seen in Category 1 and 2 hurricanes! At least 41 people have been killed in the storm, mostly motorists in England and Germany. The storm shut down the German train system for the first time in history. The last winter storm with comparable winds in Europe occurred in January 1990. The latest computer forecast models point to the first significant snows and cold for Europe next week, when a major low pressure system is expected to finally tap into some cold Artic air and pull it southwards over much of Europe.


Figure 1. Departure of temperature from average (in �C) for the week (Sun-Thu). The western U.S. is suffering the worst winter cold of anywhere in the Northern Hemisphere. Europe and northern Asia continue to feel record-breaking warm temperatures. Note that the area of most extreme below-normal temperatures occurred over San Antonio, Texas, where the world's largest meeting of meteorologists was being held!

Extraordinary warmth in Europe
The European storm was a warm and rainy one, and record warmth continues to affect both Europe and most of northern Asia (Figure 1). January 10, with a temperature of 8 �C, was the warmest in the first 10 days of January in Moscow, Russia, according to the hydro-meteorological bureau for Moscow. Record keeping began in 1870. St. Petersburg reported their warmest January day in 125 years of record keeping the same day, with a temperature of 8.6 �C. Nighttime minimum temperatures in London, England, hit 12.6 �C on January 8, which is warmer than the average July minimum temperature, 12� C. So far, January temperatures in London are the warmest since record keeping began in 1659.

Romanian snowboarders blockade weather office
The lack of snow in Romania has driven snow lovers in that country to desperation. A group of Romanian snowboarders blocked traffic in front of the country's weather institute January 16, and would only budge when weather officials would agree that their complaints of a lack of snow "would be passed on to a higher authority", according to Ananova.

Winter hits the U.S., China, and Bengladesh
Winter cold has hit the western U.S. hard this week, with California suffering a devastating freeze to its citrus crop. Heavy snow has affected central China--the Chinese official state media Xinhua said on January 16th that more than 1,000 houses have collapsed and 2,424 damaged in the weather as snow levels reached 300 millimeters in some regions. Earlier this month, Bengladesh saw temperatures that fell from the daily average of 18 �C to between 5 and 8 �C. The government called on affluent people to donate warm clothes and blankets to the poor, as doctors reported that more than 100 people had died from the sudden cold.

Jeff Masters

12 Bft storm (wsdedolb)
The 12 Bft storm named
12 Bft storm
Vlissingen Storm 10-11 BFRT (jeandela)
Vlissingen  Storm 10-11 BFRT
Storm 9/10 BFRT (jeandela)
Storm 9/10 BFRT

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544. Thunderstorm2
5:38 PM GMT on January 22, 2007
Hi everyone
Member Since: December 22, 2006 Posts: 129 Comments: 7608
543. weatherboykris
2:49 PM GMT on January 22, 2007
anyone on?
Member Since: December 9, 2006 Posts: 125 Comments: 11346
542. Thundercloud01221991
2:06 PM GMT on January 22, 2007
Come to my blog
Member Since: August 1, 2006 Posts: 28 Comments: 3716
541. TheMarshall
11:54 AM GMT on January 22, 2007
TheMarshall calls Outrocket!
539. Trouper415
6:04 AM GMT on January 22, 2007
Hello all!

Happy new Year!!!

Peace on Earth
Member Since: September 22, 2005 Posts: 5 Comments: 637
538. weatherboykris
5:19 AM GMT on January 22, 2007
goodnight everyone
Member Since: December 9, 2006 Posts: 125 Comments: 11346
536. Skyepony (Mod)
5:13 AM GMT on January 22, 2007
This is for those in California.
Member Since: August 10, 2005 Posts: 191 Comments: 38624
534. HadesGodWyvern (Mod)
5:05 AM GMT on January 22, 2007
spy satellites..
Member Since: May 24, 2006 Posts: 51 Comments: 46134
533. weatherboykris
5:03 AM GMT on January 22, 2007
yeah right.China with the capacity to blow down weather satellites.One little afterthought:They depend on those satellites too!Actually more so than us because we have HH flights and they don't.
Member Since: December 9, 2006 Posts: 125 Comments: 11346
532. MichaelSTL
5:03 AM GMT on January 22, 2007
I can open the link:

China shows power with 'Star Wars' test
TOKYO, Jan 20 (AFP) Jan 21, 2007
China's apparently successful destruction of a satellite in space shows its determination to be a global power and is set to leave lasting jitters in the United States and Asia, analysts say.
The weapons test, which was not confirmed by China, would be the world's first since 1985 when Cold War superpowers Washington and Moscow agreed to suspend "Star Wars" maneuvers that blow up satellites.

The United States relies on spy satellites for intelligence, including about China's expanding military, and had refused previous calls for a permanent ban on such tests in space.

The test, which was reported by US officials, would show that spy satellites "are now potentially vulnerable to Chinese destruction," said Lance Gatling, an aerospace consultant based in Tokyo.

"Without announcing it, they are making a clear statement that they intend to pursue such a program at their convenience and they're willing to take some significant heat to do so," he said.

"If you think of the Beijing Olympics and trade talks and everything that's coming up, it's not unprovocative."

The United States led criticism of the test, which also triggered concern in Japan and India, Asia's two other main space powers, which have often had tense relations with China.

But Zhu Feng, director of the international security program at Peking University, said the apparent test was a natural part of China's growing profile and called the international criticism an overreaction.

"Beijing now is rising so it's also natural, I think, for Beijing to try to make some of the economic achievements spill over to the military," he said.

China is "still very much weaker than the US and Russia in such military capabilities, so it's kind of a strategy of catch-up where it would not like to be lagging so far behind," he said.

"We are also a power, we also have very big, legitimate concerns in the security field. So you cannot say, 'Okay, Beijing is a rising power (but) Beijing has no right to advance when it's security is concerned.'"

The Chinese government has not directly commented on the reported test but said that its space program is not a threat.

The United States, however, has voiced concern not only over the political implications of the test but also about debris hitting satellites or the manned International Space Station.

Gatling estimated that debris from the destroyed Chinese weather satellite was travelling at some 17,000 miles an hour (27,000 kilometers an hour) and would stay in space for three to five years.

He said Japan, European nations and possibly India had the know-how to carry out similar tests, which he described at a technical level as the "outer space equivalent of a car bomb."

"It raises the stakes in what some people see as a kind of inevitable progress toward a militarization of space. This has been a threshold that most countries are not willing to talk about," he said.

Japan has launched spy satellites since 2003, aimed in part at monitoring communist neighbor North Korea, and last year moved to ease its own restrictions on the military use of space.

Yasunori Matogawa, a professor of space engineering at the Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, part of the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency, predicted more calls in Tokyo to develop its own capabilities.

"The test was shocking more in the symbolic sense than in the actual damage of the space debris," he said.

"The test didn't come at the best time for Japan. It may fuel the argument that Japan should develop space technology for national defense, especially as it came in the midst of the North Korean nuclear crisis."
Member Since: February 22, 2006 Posts: 94 Comments: 32744
530. weatherboykris
4:59 AM GMT on January 22, 2007
I said 'whoever'shot them down because the link wouldn't load for me.Who are you talking about?
Member Since: December 9, 2006 Posts: 125 Comments: 11346
529. weatherboykris
4:57 AM GMT on January 22, 2007
Who would shoot down satellites?
Member Since: December 9, 2006 Posts: 125 Comments: 11346
527. weatherboykris
4:49 AM GMT on January 22, 2007
back
Member Since: December 9, 2006 Posts: 125 Comments: 11346
526. HadesGodWyvern (Mod)
4:43 AM GMT on January 22, 2007
Tropical Depression 07F (Invest 98P)
12.0S 162.1W -- 30 knots 1001 hPa

Gale Warning
==============
west to northwest winds of 30 to 35 knots gale and is moving with the depression.

next Gale Warning at 700 UTC Monday

Tropical Disturbance Summary
=========================
Overall organization has decreased as storm moves east at 10 knots. Tropical Depression 07F moving into increasing wind shear.

The potential of TD 07 to form into a tropical cyclone within the next 24 hours is low.
=======================================

Tropical Depression 08F (INVEST 93P)
12.3S 176.1W - 30 knots 1000 hPa

Tropical Disturbance Summary
============================
Organization has improved over this system as it moves east-southeast at 5 knots. Tropical Depression 08 is position in favorable environment with minimum wind shear.

The potential for TD 08 to develop into a tropical cyclone within the next 24 hours is moderate to high.
Member Since: May 24, 2006 Posts: 51 Comments: 46134
524. weatherboykris
4:37 AM GMT on January 22, 2007
I'll be back tomorrow
Member Since: December 9, 2006 Posts: 125 Comments: 11346
523. weatherboykris
4:36 AM GMT on January 22, 2007
So how are you doing?
Member Since: December 9, 2006 Posts: 125 Comments: 11346
520. weatherboykris
4:31 AM GMT on January 22, 2007
The jerk bit my head off for replying to some guy asking a question about La Nina,we argued,he insulted my intelligence,TS2 stuck up for me,he went to both our blogs and ridiculed us,we banned him from our blogs,ryang started telling him to shut up,it was stupid.The whole thing was stupid
Member Since: December 9, 2006 Posts: 125 Comments: 11346
518. weatherboykris
4:28 AM GMT on January 22, 2007
me,TS2,an ryang got into a fight with Patrap.
Member Since: December 9, 2006 Posts: 125 Comments: 11346
516. weatherboykris
4:25 AM GMT on January 22, 2007
I'm sorry,I meant 'missed'
Member Since: December 9, 2006 Posts: 125 Comments: 11346
515. weatherboykris
4:25 AM GMT on January 22, 2007
You miss all the action this morning?
Member Since: December 9, 2006 Posts: 125 Comments: 11346
514. weatherboykris
4:23 AM GMT on January 22, 2007
How you doing CB?
Member Since: December 9, 2006 Posts: 125 Comments: 11346
511. MichaelSTL
3:48 AM GMT on January 22, 2007
93P:



12.3S, 176.1W (in the central South Pacific).
Member Since: February 22, 2006 Posts: 94 Comments: 32744
510. tornadodude
3:34 AM GMT on January 22, 2007
where is 93P?
Member Since: June 28, 2006 Posts: 25 Comments: 8360
509. tornadodude
3:33 AM GMT on January 22, 2007
Go Colts! yeah! yea! ye haw!
Member Since: June 28, 2006 Posts: 25 Comments: 8360
508. ryang
3:10 AM GMT on January 22, 2007
23 COME TO MY BLOG!
Member Since: August 25, 2006 Posts: 329 Comments: 12452
507. hurricane23
3:09 AM GMT on January 22, 2007
Tropical cyclone formation alert issued for 93P...



SUBJ/TROPICAL CYCLONE FORMATION ALERT 212021Z JAN 07//
WTPS21 PGTW 212030
RMKS/
1. FORMATION OF A SIGNIFICANT TROPICAL CYCLONE IS POSSIBLE WITHIN
120 NM EITHER SIDE OF A LINE FROM 12.1S 176.4W TO 13.8S 172.1W
WITHIN THE NEXT 12 TO 24 HOURS. AVAILABLE DATA DOES NOT JUSTIFY
ISSUANCE OF NUMBERED TROPICAL CYCLONE WARNINGS AT THIS TIME.
WINDS IN THE AREA ARE ESTIMATED TO BE 25 TO 30 KNOTS. METSAT IM-
AGERY AT 211800Z INDICATES THAT A CIRCULATION CENTER IS LOCATED
NEAR 12.3S 176.1W. THE SYSTEM IS MOVING SOUTHEASTWARD AT 04
KNOTS.
0123456789012345678901234567890123456789012345678901234567890123456789
2. REMARKS: THE AREA OF CONVECTION PREVIOUSLY LOCATED...
HAS PERSISTED OVER THE PAST 12 HOURS.
ANIMATED ENHANCED INFRARED AND MULTISPECTRAL SATELLITE IMAGERY REVEAL
DEEP CONVECTION LOCATED DIRECTLY OVER THE LOW-LEVEL CIRCULATION CENTER
(LLCC), WITH STRONG LOW LEVEL INFLOW FROM THE SOUTHEAST AND NORTHWEST
WRAPPING INTO THE SYSTEM. UPPER LEVEL ANALYSIS CONTINUES TO INDICATE
A FAVORABLE ENVIRONMENT FOR DEVELOPMENT, WITH THE DISTURBANCE BEING
LOCATED JUST SOUTH OF THE 200 MB ANTICYCLONE AXIS. VERTICAL WIND SHEAR
REMAINS LOW, AND THE ANTICYCLONE ALOFT IS PROVIDING GOOD RADIAL OUTFLOW
FOR THE SYSTEM. MAXIMUM SUSTAINED WINDS ARE ESTIMATED AT 25-30 KNOTS.
MINIMUM SEA LEVEL PRESSURE IS ESTIMATED TO BE 1000 MB. DUE TO THE
INCREASED DEEP CONVECTION OVER THE LLCC, THE POTENTIAL FOR THE
DEVELOPMENT OF A SIGNIFCANT TROPICAL CYCLONE WITHIN THE NEXT 24 HOURS
IS GOOD.
3. THIS ALERT WILL BE REISSUED, UPGRADED TO WARNING OR CANCELLED BY 222030Z
Member Since: May 14, 2006 Posts: 8 Comments: 13839
506. Wishcasterboy
2:50 AM GMT on January 22, 2007
Ok, Masters needs to change that; it's Bangaldesh, not Bengaldesh.
505. moonlightcowboy
1:45 AM GMT on January 22, 2007
...too bad for the Saints :( They had a great year and played great as a team. I saw where they said dome teams were 0-10 in the play-offs, etc...surely, the weather was a factor, sod, etc...no excuses, though, the Saints could've played better.

Congratulations to the Bears and Lovie Smith...a well-deserved trip to Miami; but, if I hear one more bit from Shannon Sharp about "pay him(Lovie)his money," I think I'll puke. I'm pretty sure he'll get a new, fat contract. But, we don't need that kind of ridiculous re-peated opinion from a 2-bit, can't enunciate announcer. Somebody, please shut that bonehead up!

At least the weather is not as likely to be a deciding factor in the SuperBowl. And since the Saints aren't making the trip, guess I'll be rooting for the Colts.
Member Since: July 9, 2006 Posts: 184 Comments: 29610
504. Skyepony (Mod)
1:29 AM GMT on January 22, 2007
I went through all the invests better updating my blog... those aren't the same 4 from yesterday. My bad, 96p is gone & 98s (with the nice swirl) is new.
Member Since: August 10, 2005 Posts: 191 Comments: 38624
503. Dodabear
1:15 AM GMT on January 22, 2007
"The phenomenon of the cyclone is insane. It believes that the trafori resolve all the problems!"

Close as I could get on short notice
Member Since: July 28, 2001 Posts: 0 Comments: 2279
502. V26R
12:54 AM GMT on January 22, 2007
Can I get a Translation on what Randrewl just said please?
Member Since: July 20, 2006 Posts: 0 Comments: 1762
498. Skyepony (Mod)
12:21 AM GMT on January 22, 2007
thats 97s

98p has a nice swirl
Member Since: August 10, 2005 Posts: 191 Comments: 38624
497. Skyepony (Mod)
12:11 AM GMT on January 22, 2007
Unique damage estimate..
Member Since: August 10, 2005 Posts: 191 Comments: 38624
496. Patrap
12:10 AM GMT on January 22, 2007
It shows.Baha,,stick to what ya know..LOL!
Member Since: July 3, 2005 Posts: 426 Comments: 129089
495. BahaHurican
11:58 PM GMT on January 21, 2007
Well, the Saints give it a try. But to be honest they looked pretty bad from the very beginning.

And this from a person who doesn't watch football . . . . .

BTW, temps in the Bahamas this week have been more like late March than mid Jan. I am getting ready to fold my so-called winter clothing (a couple jackets and sweaters [LOL]) back into their cedar footlocker home . . .
Member Since: October 25, 2005 Posts: 19 Comments: 22561
494. Skyepony (Mod)
11:52 PM GMT on January 21, 2007
Still same 4 invests as yesterday, though 93P is up to 30kts & 1000mbs. It may get to be desinated a storm soon.
Member Since: August 10, 2005 Posts: 191 Comments: 38624

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Jeff co-founded the Weather Underground in 1995 while working on his Ph.D. He flew with the NOAA Hurricane Hunters from 1986-1990.

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