What's brewing in Greenland?

By: Dr. Jeff Masters , 8:34 PM GMT on November 20, 2006

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The third in the series of Dr. Masters' vacation blogs.

We've heard a lot about recent studies showing that glaciers in southern Greenland have accelerated sharply over the past ten years, and that Greenland's ice cap is melting at rates not seen since the 1930s. It may seem difficult to put a positive spin on these ominous developments, but that's just what some entrepreneurs in Greenland have done by establishing the world's only beer brewed with pure Greenland Ice Sheet meltwater. The Greenland Brewhouse microbrewery, located 390 miles south of the Arctic Circle, is the world's first Inuit brewery. Founders Salik Hard and Steen Outzen use ice from small icebergs that have broken off from the Greenland Ice Sheet. Local fishermen specially select the icebergs, and tow them to the brewery in Narsaq. The ice is between 2000 and 180,000 years old, so has no pollution. The brewmeisters, conscious of the dwindling resource that forms the basis for their unique beer, emphasize that they only use ice from icebergs that have already broken off from the ice sheet and would melt anyway. Their web site states, "We are very much aware of the global warming, and it is very important to us not to destroy or use the unique inland ice, but only use the ice that have broken off."

I'm not sure if Greenland Brewhouse beers are available outside of Greenland and Denmark, but if anyone has ever quaffed one, please give us a review!

Jeff Masters

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298. kaihel
10:10 PM GMT on November 21, 2006
jeff mentions the greenland glaciers, but for the tourist traffic to the famous ''fiords'', and very sceneric glaciers of norway , well, this industry are on the brink of extinction, at just one year the famous Briksdalsbreen in Loen, sogn og fjordane, the reduction has been 140 meters at 1 (one!!!!!!!!!!) year, and some glaciers has become over 3.5 meters thinner over the same period of time........if the one who are interrested takes a visit at the glacier pics of norway, you will today see a nice large green lake at the end of the glacier....well in 1977 this lake was all underneath the ice and i could jump on the large rocks at the outer beach and touch the ice.............so something bad is happening, ...........
297. Vanagew
10:01 PM GMT on November 21, 2006
From my blog: http://nzweather.blogspot.com/

Kyrant Carl, a Category One on the Kyrantal scale is just off the coast of South Carolina. For the US this is the first Kyrant of the year, although it is strong, it is nowhere near Kyrant James or Brendon, two Category Five Kyrants that occurred in 93 and 96 over in the US respectively.

Just to re-cap, Kyrants are very similar to Hurricanes in their form, they gain their strength by the amount of moisture present in the surrounding environments. The US Kyrant season looks like it is going to be strong, especially in the Atlantic and already it has been unusually active. Carl will make landfall in a couple of hours and it is expected to weaken with a max of 75 mile per hour winds. Carl should fizzle out over land. The Kyrant season ends on the first of April 2007 for the Atlantic.

Preceeding Carl was two Polar Storms, Anna and Brad

In other news, the South Pacific Cyclone season is slow in it's getting off. Since Xavier there has not been anything of note. Additionally, now that the Kyrant season is finished for Oceania I do not expect anything to develop there.

296. sandiquiz
9:41 PM GMT on November 21, 2006
Have a good time 1900 - enjoy your vacation.
Member Since: October 29, 2005 Posts: 321 Comments: 29203
295. 1900hurricane
9:39 PM GMT on November 21, 2006
Happy Thanksgiving everyone!
Member Since: August 2, 2006 Posts: 47 Comments: 11965
294. 1900hurricane
9:37 PM GMT on November 21, 2006
See everyone later! Going on vacation for Thanksgiving to my family's lakehouse on Lake Travis, which is just NW of Austin, TX. I don't expect the internet to work there (it didn't over labor day), and even if it does, the dial-up connection is EXTREMELY, EXTREMELY SLOW!!! Sometimes, it takes up to 5 minutes to load this page! Ugh...
Member Since: August 2, 2006 Posts: 47 Comments: 11965
293. 1900hurricane
9:18 PM GMT on November 21, 2006
Posted By: Thundercloud01221991 at 8:03 AM CST on November 21, 2006.

I have just memorized the first 123 digits of Pi and still going

I had a substitute once (actually, multiple times) that had memorized 360 digits of PI!!!
Member Since: August 2, 2006 Posts: 47 Comments: 11965
289. Skyepony (Mod)
8:44 PM GMT on November 21, 2006
Amazing when one of Dr Master's rare party blogs coinsides with the final rap up of a hurricane named Bud.

Had a lot of fun with that one...& of all the bad things said of Bud throughout the years Hurricane Bud hurt or killed noone & damaged not a piece of property...
Member Since: August 10, 2005 Posts: 322 Comments: 41726
287. Gatorgrrrl
7:57 PM GMT on November 21, 2006
Physics update:

#6 Babygurl
#7 Lowercal
Member Since: September 24, 2013 Posts: 0 Comments: 0
286. hurricane23
7:54 PM GMT on November 21, 2006
Good afternoon,

Here are a few radar loops of the developing coastal storm of the carolinas.

Member Since: May 14, 2006 Posts: 8 Comments: 13857
285. thelmores
7:01 PM GMT on November 21, 2006
fire16, i am off hwy 501, just west of the waterwy..... looks like we may have already gotten 3-5 inches of rain, with another 3-5 on the way!!!

gonna be some serious water on the roadways, and the ditches/ gullies are already full......

Conditions at 41013 as of

Wind Direction (WDIR): NNE ( 30 deg true )Wind Speed (WSPD): 38.9 kts
Wind Gust (GST): 46.6 kts
Wave Height (WVHT): 16.7 ft
Atmospheric Pressure (PRES): 29.76 in
Pressure Tendency (PTDY): -0.11 in ( Falling Rapidly )

looks like the weather is getting rough at frying pan shoals!

Member Since: September 8, 2005 Posts: 0 Comments: 3832
284. fire16
6:45 PM GMT on November 21, 2006
Are you in or near myrtle beach? We are a few miles north on US17 and our rain gauge has run over.
Member Since: August 16, 2006 Posts: 0 Comments: 16
283. mgreen91
6:10 PM GMT on November 21, 2006
Catastrophe Bond Investors to Gain from Mild Hurricane Season
By David McFadden
November 21, 2006

Investors who bet against the odds of another devastating Atlantic hurricane season now stand to cash in big-time on "catastrophe bonds.'' Contrary to expert predictions, the season turned out to be the mildest in years.

Insurance companies sell the bonds, yielding interest rates of about 15 percent, to help them absorb huge payouts in the event of another storm like Hurricane Katrina.

The risk is high: If a storm causes massive damage during a bond's term, all the investment, including the capital, can go back to the insurer to cover the cost of recovery.

But as the mildest hurricane season in a decade winds down, hedge funds and other investors that bought the securities stand to make a mint. The hurricane season, which began on June 1, ends on Nov. 30. Not a single hurricane has hit the U.S. mainland.

"Usually by mid-November you can kind of take a deep sigh,'' said Greg Hagood, co-owner of Nephila Capital Ltd. The Bermuda-based hedge fund that invests in cat bonds is named for a type of spider that, according to island folklore, predicts the arrival of a churning cyclone by weaving its web near the ground.

The cost of reinsurance policies taken out by insurance companies to protect their exposure rose sharply after last year, when financial losses from hurricanes in the United States reached a whopping $57 billion, much of it from Katrina's damage to the Gulf Coast.

As a result, insurers turned to cat bonds to reduce risk at a lower cost or when they couldn't get enough coverage from a reinsurance company.

The amount invested in the field has doubled since last year, with more than $4 billion issued in catastrophe bonds in 2006, according to Rodrigo Araya, senior vice president of Moody's Investor Services.

The field attracts hedge funds or institutional investors with more than $100 million in assets to cover payouts. The bonds are sold to cover particular events, whether it's an earthquake, hurricane or another disaster.

As forecasters predicted major hurricanes for the 2006 Atlantic season, insurers wary of losses issued catastrophe bonds at discount rates. Money managers at Nephila and other firms snatched them up. Hagood declined to say how much Nephila invested.

But during this hurricane season, a shift in atmospheric pressure over the Atlantic steered storms away from U.S. coastlines and out to open ocean, scientists say. A warm-water trend in the Pacific known as El Nino developed more rapidly than expected this summer, generating winds that suppressed the formation of Atlantic storms.

"Anybody who is holding storm exposure right now is probably looking happily at their pile of premiums,'' said Warren Isom, aboard member of the Weather Risk Management Association, a Washington-based trade group.

All of the firms involved in the field use computer models to assess the likelihood of catastrophes and their potential impact on structures, down to a city block. Some, including Nephila, also have in-house meteorologists.

They bet against predictions last December by atmospheric scientist William Gray's research team at Colorado State University, which estimated an 81 percent chance of at least one major hurricane striking the U.S. coast this year.

And in March, Max Mayfield, then the director of the National Hurricane Center in Miami, said that while the 2006 season would not likely set a new record, the center's scientists were witnessing a trend of stronger and more frequent storms.

The catastrophe risk field was created after Hurricane Andrew wreaked havoc on southern Florida's coastline in 1992, generatingclaims that dealt a significant blow to the insurance industry. Despite the risk, it has generally produced secure bets for traders, according to Isom.

"Money managers can choose the risk area that meets their appetite. By and large, they haven't had to pay out too often,'' Isom, who is also a senior vice president at Willis Re, a reinsurance broker, said in reference to cat bonds.

The potential calamities covered by bonds have typically been limited to a few, including Atlantic hurricanes in the U.S., windstorms in Europe and earthquakes in Japan. But the field has grown as insurers look to offload their exposure to disasters such as terrorist attacks or a bird flu pandemic.

Swiss Re, the world's largest reinsurance company, has become an industry leader in issuing cat bonds for such "extreme mortality'' events.

"In the last couple of years we have seen new perils being securitized and that has been a step in the right direction for potential investors,'' Araya said.

Member Since: August 4, 2006 Posts: 0 Comments: 291
282. Dodabear
6:08 PM GMT on November 21, 2006
Statement as of 12:04 PM EST on November 21, 2006

... Rain may mix with sleet or snow at times through mid afternoon...

As widespread light to moderate rain continues to spread across
southern South Carolina and extreme southeast Georgia... cold air
in the lower levels of the atmosphere may allow some sleet or snow
to mix in. Although the widespread reports of snow across coastal
South Carolina have diminished... isolated reports of sleet and
snow have still been received. Although the chance of wintry
precipitation is much lower across southeast Georgia due to the
warmer temperatures... some cooling may allow the rain to mix with
sleet or possibly snow at times through mid afternoon.

Warm ground temperatures should prevent any Road accumulation... but
a light slush may build up on elevated surfaces such as vegetation
and vehicles.

Statement as of 10:00 am EST on November 21, 2006

... Strong winds over southeast South Carolina and southeast
Georgia since Monday night...

The following are unofficial peak wind gusts recorded through
900 am.

... Southeast South Carolina...
Folly Beach city Hall... ... ... ... .. 44 mph
Charleston Waterfront Park... ... ... 44 mph
Charleston Airport /kchs/... ... ... . 40 mph
Charleston wciv TV... ... ... ... ... .. 36 mph
Edisto Beach... ... ... ... ... ... ... .. 35 mph
Pineville... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... .. 35 mph
Goose Creek... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 32 mph
Summerville... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 30 mph
Hilton Head Island... ... ... ... ... .. 30 mph
Isle of Palms... ... ... ... ... ... ... . 30 mph
Moncks Corner... ... ... ... ... ... ... . 29 mph
Savannah National Wildlife Refuge.. 24 mph
Harleyville-Ridgeville ... ... ... ... 23 mph

... Southeast Georgia...
Fort Stewart... ... ... ... ... ... ... .. 24 mph
Savannah Airport/ksav/... ... ... ... . 31 mph
Newington... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... .. 22 mph
Statesboro... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... . 21 mph
Springfield... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 29 mph
Metter /RAWS/... ... ... ... ... ... ... . 20 mph

... Marine observations...
tower r8 /sabsoon tybg1/... ... ... ... . 52 kts or 60 mph +
tower r2 /sabsoon spag1/... ... ... ... . 49 kts or 56 mph ++
buoy 41008/Grays Reef/... ... ... ... ... 37 kts or 42 mph
buoy 41004/edisto 40nm buoy/... ... ... 52 kts or 60 mph

+ observation taken at 50 meter elevation
++ observation taken at 34 meter elevation
Member Since: July 28, 2001 Posts: 0 Comments: 2279
281. thelmores
5:41 PM GMT on November 21, 2006
the ground is too warm in SC....... no accumulations...... although high winds have caused havoc with large trucks on highways, and bridges up in the air, are treacherous! Rainfall amounts have already exceeded 3-5 inches in many places with more rain on the way!

definitely a raw day in the Carolina's!
Member Since: September 8, 2005 Posts: 0 Comments: 3832
279. Inyo
5:10 PM GMT on November 21, 2006
I was just in Jonestown, SC near Myrtle Beach a week and a half ago and it was a pleasant warm day on the beach... now it is snowing? weird.
Member Since: September 3, 2002 Posts: 42 Comments: 916
278. Patrap
4:48 PM GMT on November 21, 2006
Member Since: July 3, 2005 Posts: 437 Comments: 135387
277. Zaphod
4:47 PM GMT on November 21, 2006
LOL, Melly, but the silver backs get the girls and first dibs on the bananas!
Member Since: October 5, 2005 Posts: 15 Comments: 3239
274. melly
4:42 PM GMT on November 21, 2006
Gatorgrrrl.It's the typical Silverbacks
fighting for the territory.
273. Gatorgrrrl
4:14 PM GMT on November 21, 2006
Lots of smarty pants today:

Physics update:

#4 Mobal
#5 Cancunguy!!!!
Member Since: September 24, 2013 Posts: 0 Comments: 0
271. Gatorgrrrl
3:22 PM GMT on November 21, 2006
Physics update

#3 Mac from Ft. Lauderdale! correct
Member Since: September 24, 2013 Posts: 0 Comments: 0
270. wxmanfla
3:21 PM GMT on November 21, 2006
711 AM EST TUE NOV 21 2006



267. Gatorgrrrl
2:51 PM GMT on November 21, 2006
Physics update:

Cbbeachcum #1 correct answer
Zap #2 correct answer
Member Since: September 24, 2013 Posts: 0 Comments: 0
266. thelmores
2:45 PM GMT on November 21, 2006
Gale force winds in Charleston and Savannah, SC this morning.....

Conditions at TYBG1 as of
(8:31 am EST)
(WDIR): N ( 350 deg true )
Wind Speed (WSPD): 43 kts
Wind Gust (GST): 51 kts

Conditions at 41004 as of
(8:50 am EST)
Wind Direction (WDIR): N ( 360 deg true )
Wind Speed (WSPD): 38.9 kts
Wind Gust (GST): 50.5 kts
Member Since: September 8, 2005 Posts: 0 Comments: 3832
265. Gatorgrrrl
2:33 PM GMT on November 21, 2006

A loop of thread is dropped onto a water surface so that all of the thread is in contact with the water, as seen in the photograph below.

As the thread loop is at rest on the surface of the water, a drop of soap solution is dropped onto the water inside the thread loop. The question this week involves what, if anything will happen to the thread loop when the soap solution is dropped onto the water.

When the soap is dropped into the center of the thread loop, the loop will:
(a) become larger.
(b) become smaller.
(c) remain the same size.


Member Since: September 24, 2013 Posts: 0 Comments: 0
264. Thundercloud01221991
2:03 PM GMT on November 21, 2006
I have just memorized the first 123 digits of Pi and still going
Member Since: August 1, 2006 Posts: 28 Comments: 3716
260. thelmores
1:46 PM GMT on November 21, 2006

morning everybody! :)

We actually have some snow flurries in the myrtle beach area this morning....

Hope everybody has a safe and Happy Thanksgiving!
Member Since: September 8, 2005 Posts: 0 Comments: 3832
258. fire16
1:24 PM GMT on November 21, 2006
Southeastern NC already 4 inches of rain and gusts to 38 mph. SOGGY and 39 degrees.
Member Since: August 16, 2006 Posts: 0 Comments: 16
256. nash28
1:01 PM GMT on November 21, 2006
What the hell happened on here last night?
Member Since: July 11, 2005 Posts: 190 Comments: 16972
255. MahFL
12:44 PM GMT on November 21, 2006
From the Vis sat pics, the low center is South of the GA border, just offshore NE FL. Thats a lot closer than I was expecting :)
Member Since: June 9, 2004 Posts: 0 Comments: 5190

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Dr. Masters co-founded wunderground in 1995. He flew with the NOAA Hurricane Hunters from 1986-1990. Co-blogging with him: Bob Henson, @bhensonweather

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