Jeff co-founded the Weather Underground in 1995 while working on his Ph.D. He flew with the NOAA Hurricane Hunters from 1986-1990.
By: Dr. Jeff Masters , 2:46 PM GMT on May 03, 2005
The name haboob comes from the Arabic word "habb", meaning wind, and refers to a sudden dust storm triggered by the cold-air outflow from a decaying thunderstorm. Cold air from the mid-troposphere is dragged down by falling rain inside the thunderstorm. When the cold air hits the ground, it spreads out in all directions. If there is a dusty desert area below, the strong gusty winds of this cold air outflow will pick up the dust and mix it up to great heights. The edge of this cold air (called a "gust front") will then appear as a wall of dust up to 3000 feet high, moving across the desert at speeds of up to 50 mph. Haboobs are commonly seen in the Sahara desert, Iraq, Australia, and the Southwestern United States.
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