Ernesto near hurricane strength

By: Dr. Jeff Masters , 8:28 PM GMT on August 31, 2006

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Tropical Storm Ernesto is near hurricane strength, headed for a landfall near the North Carolina/South Carolina border this evening. The latest center report from the Hurricane Hunters at 3:37pm EDT found a central pressure of 991 mb, just 1 mb higher than Ernesto's pressure when he was a hurricane south of Haiti. Radar animations from the Wilmington radar don't show an eyewall forming yet, put the intensity and number of spiral rain bands is increasing. Again, it is a good thing Ernesto has only a few hours over water to intensify, or this would have been a Category 2 hurricane in another day. The latest surface wind measurements from the SFMR instrument carried on NOAA's P-3 aircraft found highest winds of 67 mph, on the southeast side of the storm (Figure 1). Wind observations from offshore buoys have been as high as 42 mph sustained with gusts to 50 mph this afternoon. Rainfall amounts up to 8 inches have been estimated from Wilmington radar in some small pockets, and amounts of 4 inches are common across North and South Carolina. An additional 4-8 inches will fall over much of North Carolina, making fresh water flooding the main hazard of the storm. A storm surge of up to 5 feet near the coast will also cause some problems.


Figure 1. Wind analysis of the NOAA P-3 Hurricane Hunter data from 3:30pm EDT 8/31/06.

Ernesto is under wind shear of 10-20 knots, thanks to southwesterly upper-level winds from the trough of low pressure pulling the storm to the north. This shear is keeping the storm from organizing as quickly as it would otherwise. Water temperatures under the storm are about 30 C, which is very favorable for intensification. The eastern portion of the storm is over the axis of the very warm Gulf Stream Current.

Hurricane John
The Air Force Hurricane Hunters reached Hurricane John this afternoon, and ofund that it had weakened to a Category 2 hurricane. This probably occurred because of interaction with the mountainous terrain of Mexico. However, John is now pulling away from the coast of Mexico, and may be able to re-intensify. The forecast track of the storm takes it very near to the tip of the Baja Peninsula, and John could be the strongest hurricane to affect Baja since Hurricane Liza of 1976 brushed the peninsula as a Category 4 storm. Wind shear is light and forecast to remain low, and sea surface temperatures (Figure 2) are a very warm 30 C under the hurricane--about 1-2 degrees C above normal for this time of year. John's strength is likely to be controlled by difficult to predict eyewall replacement cycles over the next two days.


Figure 2. Current sea surface temperatures along the Pacific coast. Temperatures in the Gulf of California may not be accurate, due to difficulties retrieving the temperature via satellite measurements in such a narrow body of water. The red line separating blue colors from yellow marks the 26 C isotherm--the critical temperature needed to sustain a tropical cyclone. Note the very cool waters extending from the California border southwards along the coast. This long stretch of cool water will make it difficult for John to hold together if it tries to approach California. Image credit: NOAA/AOML.

Is John a threat to the U.S.?
In yesterday's blog, I discussed in detail the historical record of the five Eastern Pacific tropical cyclones that have affected the U.S. with tropical storm force winds. The latest model guidance and official forecast now suggest that the U.S. is not at risk from John.

Super Typhoon Ioke
Super Typhoon Ioke hit tiny Wake Island with the left side of its eyewall this morning. A storm surge of 8 feet with 50 foot waves probably battered the island. Observations from Wake showed winds of 78 mph gusting to 100 mph and a pressure of 934 mb before the instrument failed at 2:18am EDT this morning. A drifting buoy (52609) about 100 miles east of Wake apparently took a direct hit, and measured a pressure of 921.5 mb in the eye:

Measurements from drifting buoy 52609:

Date/Time Pressure
-------------------
8/30/06 16 995.9
8/31/06 00 970.5
8/31/06 02 939.6
8/31/06 03 921.5
8/31/06 05 936.7
8/31/06 06 951.7

Unfortunately, the buoy has no wind measurement equipment. Ioke continues to be a borderline Category 4/5 super typhoon, and is not expected to decline to category 3 strength for several more days. This would probably make it the longest-lived Category 4 or higher storm on record anywhere.

African tropical waves
The tropical wave near 18N 50W is surrounded by a large cloud of dry air and African dust and has lost almost all of its thunderstorm activity near the center. Development is not likely until Sunday at the earliest, when it may find a moister environment near the Lesser Antilles Islands.

A tropical wave near 12N 36W, 700 miles southwest of the Cape Verde Islands, has shown a small increase in thunderstorm activity today. Some slow development of this system is possible over the next few days.

A spinning area of clouds few hundred miles north of Puerto Rico is associated with an upper level low pressure system. Development is not expected of this system.

All of the global models are calling for development of a tropical wave that wil come off the coast of Africa this weekend. The models are not very good at forecasting development of tropical systems coming off the coast of Africa; it will be interesting to see if this consensus forecast is correct.

Next update
Tonight, I'll be talking live at 8:45pm EDT on the Barometer Bob show:

http://www.barometerbobshow.com/

Jeff Masters

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991. dewfree
4:05 PM GMT on September 01, 2006
you all have a good day i have to lay back down my neck hasa bad disk and it given me a head ache and a fit lol chow
Member Since: August 27, 2006 Posts: 7 Comments: 589
990. dewfree
3:58 PM GMT on September 01, 2006
Dr grey dont analog he just makes a forecast based on the previous year . thinking like the global warmest .well the earth is warmeing so next will be worse lol but the consentrics of natures patterns are alittle more than just the way the global warmest say we have warm events and cool events 30 year patterns and warm episodes and cold episodes withen those and then you can count the averall trend toward one or the other . three cylces i have identified .that is just the ones i have observed my self . if you look at analog years you will see that it isnt every year that we have as many as last and ussually the years that have alot the following year is quite lol so do some investigating for yourself .you will find that these trends are there analoged in the past . sometie or another the cold trends will return and the globalist will hail like in the sixties its comming an ice age lol . funny thing the acean warms in the northern hem but the southern hem anartica cools while the morthern hem warms . but it all has to do with car and truck and think of this the test our atmosphere co2 readings on top of a volcano .does that make sence .
Member Since: August 27, 2006 Posts: 7 Comments: 589
989. dewfree
3:45 PM GMT on September 01, 2006
dont bother with comments on type ooo cause i have a head ache and it doesnt matter to me as long as you get what i have tried to say lol ;
Member Since: August 27, 2006 Posts: 7 Comments: 589
988. dewfree
3:42 PM GMT on September 01, 2006
there is one guy in the country that prediacted 6 storms with three major 3 or above in the beginning and i believe he is right or atleast closer than DR Grey first cast this year . of course if you noticed last year dr grey raised his cast lol so he is just reacting to the pattern rather than forecasting it .
Member Since: August 27, 2006 Posts: 7 Comments: 589
987. dewfree
3:39 PM GMT on September 01, 2006
they simply should have not made that foecast with current ocean apttersn anyway . . the likey hood of such as many as was first forecast was perposerous anyway given the weather apatterns in the atlantic . later this season say 21 sept threw nov 10 may be active enouph for a the current forecast lol .but oone thing is for sure the weather patterns will have to change . we know that the sst have risen above 0 and tis will effect that region in the pacific but to expect it to effect the over all pattern that has developed in the atlantic humm i just dont know about that . The atlantic has always had its own pattern regarless to the pacific and untill the atlantic changes its pattern i dont believ there will be much of consequince from it . atleast effecting the US mainland. so 5 sounds about right if that many . but given that they knew these patterns existed they should have adjusted for it in the first place .
Member Since: August 27, 2006 Posts: 7 Comments: 589
986. dewfree
3:29 PM GMT on September 01, 2006
it is a difficult thing to forecast cause there is much to consider but what i believe really causes folks with education not to forecast without change is they simply can't stand up to the critisizm lol . so they change and adjust .
Member Since: August 27, 2006 Posts: 7 Comments: 589
985. dewfree
3:23 PM GMT on September 01, 2006
there is not such thing asa forecast they simpy can't or dont't have the balls for it .i have tried to tell folks that but some are willing to believe no matter what . very few here or abroad make forecast .when they do they stick with it .it is only a handful in the entire world that will make what is called a forecast.
Member Since: August 27, 2006 Posts: 7 Comments: 589
984. Zaphod
2:53 PM GMT on September 01, 2006
Thel,

It's no different than the computer models -- just keep updating the forecast to match actual conditions until the forecast becomes a nowcast, and then claim victory!

Glad you got back safely from your escapade. I once chased down a tornado that turned out to be an F4 less than a mile away. Sometimes things can get too exciting a little too fast!
Zap

Member Since: October 5, 2005 Posts: 15 Comments: 3239
983. thelmores
2:31 PM GMT on September 01, 2006
Dr. Gray has lowered his forecast to 5 hurricanes for tis season.....

what the hell good is a forecast, if you keep changing it! LOL
Member Since: September 8, 2005 Posts: 0 Comments: 3805
982. SEVAcoaster
2:30 PM GMT on September 01, 2006
Major street fooding here, hundreds and hundreds of accidents and stranded vehicles. Stages set up for music festival this weekend on VA beach Ocean Front have blown down.
981. leftyy420
2:24 PM GMT on September 01, 2006
yeah, figured it would be windy but not til later whent he cenetr got closer. i canlt imagine it get any worse wind wise and the heaviest of the rains are still on the way. gettin a pretty good show i must say.
Member Since: August 24, 2005 Posts: 35 Comments: 1987
980. thelmores
2:22 PM GMT on September 01, 2006
good luck lefty.... ernesto is doing a pretty ggod job bring in in rain along the eastern seaboard.... and there will be some significant flooding in many areas......
Member Since: September 8, 2005 Posts: 0 Comments: 3805
979. leftyy420
2:21 PM GMT on September 01, 2006
fredericksburg, south of dc by about an hr
Member Since: August 24, 2005 Posts: 35 Comments: 1987
978. SEVAcoaster
2:21 PM GMT on September 01, 2006
Hey Lefty,
Here in Ocean View here where are you?
977. Tireless
2:16 PM GMT on September 01, 2006
I am a city offical here in new york city. there is some debate here how to look at the future track of this thing. there is debate over the models and its impact on some of our densely pop. shore fronts. Any opinion would help. thanks
976. leftyy420
2:15 PM GMT on September 01, 2006
raining hard and man is it windy. not sustained any higher than 15-20 but the gusts are way up there 40-45 and man i am just waiting for these tree behind my house to go. they keep bending way down. hope they donlt fall on the neighbors home.

my roof is leaking as well. rain has been dcomming down the hardest the past 2 hrs but the real hard stuff stukk a few hrs away
Member Since: August 24, 2005 Posts: 35 Comments: 1987
975. Patrap
2:13 PM GMT on September 01, 2006
..OK Pasc...Ill snatch ya Up a big Speck...
Member Since: July 3, 2005 Posts: 426 Comments: 129093
974. leftyy420
2:13 PM GMT on September 01, 2006
hey all man its crazy here in va
Member Since: August 24, 2005 Posts: 35 Comments: 1987
973. Patrap
2:12 PM GMT on September 01, 2006
..Nagin in New York today...personally..I wish hed stay...Get a Job..and sell peanuts @ Yankees Stadium...later
Member Since: July 3, 2005 Posts: 426 Comments: 129093
972. PascMississippi
2:12 PM GMT on September 01, 2006
Patrap, catch a few for me.
971. thelmores
2:12 PM GMT on September 01, 2006
morning everybody! :)

Stormjunkie is probably still sleeping! LOL

left him about midnight last nite...... not sure exactly the quality of the footage he got, but let me tell you.... he tried! Made it home at 3am.... and off to work!

was quite an experience to have the center go right over us! i think we probably had gusts 40-50mph, and a "small" surge..... couple waves all the way to the dunes..... I started running the first time!LOL.... thankfully it was low tide! we waited until the winds switched directions, our only way to confirm the center passed, other than it was dead calm, barely a breaze..... as soon as we felt the winds switch, we high taled it out before the backside winds kicked in.... as we had a bridge to cross....

we then left, drove about 30 miles, and the road home, hwy 17, wich is the only maor route from wilmington to myrte beach, was closed, due to flooding.... i am quite sure they got at least 10inches of rain in that area.... had to "take the long road home!"

was quite the adventure, and SJ is a great guy! :)

Member Since: September 8, 2005 Posts: 0 Comments: 3805
970. Tireless
2:11 PM GMT on September 01, 2006

Link

Any opinion on were this might be heading?
968. MahFL
2:10 PM GMT on September 01, 2006
Tireless, I thought he was heading out to sea again too. Be interesting to watch.
Member Since: June 9, 2004 Posts: 0 Comments: 3731
967. Patrap
2:09 PM GMT on September 01, 2006
..Lives in Jefferson Parish..the Parish on the DRY side of the 17th St. Canal..and has a Parish presiden.not a Mayor..the storm did not Just smack New Orleans..but a Whole region..a lil more .responsability in posting is warranted..as many in our REGION..like myself .is dealing with a lot of stuff.LIke my Cousion who was lost to Katrina..in Bay St.Louis..a retired PHD in nursing..wasnt found till Sunday SEpt 4th..A lil more respect for a region..devastated by the Nations greatest Natural Disaster..is warranted.And no American,,regardless of there social status..should not have to Survive a CAtasrophe of nature..to die of thrist & exposure..4 -5 days after the Event........in any American city..and this iz all Im going to say about that....
Member Since: July 3, 2005 Posts: 426 Comments: 129093
966. Tireless
2:06 PM GMT on September 01, 2006
what does anyone think. it looks ernesto might re-emerge off the delmava at least it appears that way from the sat. loop. any opinion?
964. kmanislander
2:02 PM GMT on September 01, 2006
the system near 15N54W does not seem to have as potent a circulation as it did yesterday. It almost looks as if it is opening up and the low dissipating.

Can't quite figure this one out
Member Since: August 19, 2006 Posts: 0 Comments: 15948
963. Cavin Rawlins
2:02 PM GMT on September 01, 2006
Weather456’s Tropical and Subtropical Weather Discussion for The North Atlantic Ocean.............Part Two...Continue Tropics/Subtropics and Hurricane John.........
Friday, September 1, 2006.......…


A surface High is now station south of the Hudson Bay, in Canada.

An Upper Level Ridge is station over the Hudson Bay into Central Canada, while an Upper level trough, accompanied by an Upper Level Mid-Latitude Cyclone is moving out to sea over Nova Scotia. This low is connected to another Low East of Saint John, Quebec, by a surface trough.

The Upper Level High/Ridge that was centered over the Continental United States for some time now, no longer sits inland and is now centered east of Georgia in Atlantic Ocean. A broad Upper Level ridge extends into the Atlantic towards the vicinity of Bermuda.
Replacing the High is an Upper level polar trough, extending down from the Jet Stream over Canada, into the Midwest and down to the South-East United States. This trough will be responsible for steering Ernesto east and north. At the heart of the trough is an Upper Level Low spinning over Michigan. The trough has stretch further south into the Gulf of Mexico, brining some extremely dry air with it to the Louisiana/Texas/Mississippi Gulf Coast area.

The trough is a associated with a dying front moving SE, over North/South Carolina, Virginia and Georgia. The northern part of the Cold front is still cold in nature and it extends from East of North Carolina, northeastward to about a 300miles SE of Nova Scotia, Canada. There sits another mid-latitude low.

A surface High is now centered over the Central Texan Gulf Coast area.

Numerous strong scattered showers seen along Central Mexico, the Mexican Yucatan Peninsula, Northern Cuba and Cayman islands, and central America into northern Colombia.

Hurricane John continues north up the Western Mexican coastline, toward the Baja California peninsula. John is packing winds of 115mph, with a MCP of 960mbars.

The powerful winds of Hurricane John produced heavy surf and downed trees near Acapulco. The hurricane produced a 10 foot storm surge in Acapulco, which flooded coastal roads. In addition, John caused heavy rainfall along the western coast of Mexico. The rainfall resulted in mudslides in the Costa Chica region of Guerrero, leaving around 70 communities isolated.
There have been no reports of fatalities at this point. (Source: Wikipedia)

A Hurricane warning remains in effect for the southern Baja Peninsula, meaning Hurricane conditions are expected within the area in the next 24hrs.

San Jose Del Cabo
Pressure :1008mbars.
Winds: NW at 10knots.
Member Since: July 24, 2005 Posts: 407 Comments: 19076
962. lightning10
2:01 PM GMT on September 01, 2006
Sorry for that double post browser got all messed up.
Member Since: November 24, 2005 Posts: 41 Comments: 630
961. littlefish
2:01 PM GMT on September 01, 2006
LB still trying to pull a Chris. Remain small, then develop even in a cloud of dust. But the ULL could shear it.
960. PensacolaDoug
2:00 PM GMT on September 01, 2006
Yo Cyclone! Cool animation Brian.
Member Since: July 25, 2006 Posts: 0 Comments: 595
959. lightning10
2:00 PM GMT on September 01, 2006
Depending on how far north that moisture goes I might get some good rain. I live near a mountain range. Anytime that moisture comes from the south my city Whittier,CA gets a lot more rain then most other parts so So Cal.

Last time moisture came up from the south I remember that day Downtown LA got around 1.2 inches of rain not bad. Where I live got 3.9 inches of rain.

Then back last Junuary there was another storm that should have been huge but was a bust. Downtown LA got 0.75 inches of rain. We got 2.2 inches ^_^.
Member Since: November 24, 2005 Posts: 41 Comments: 630
958. Patrap
1:56 PM GMT on September 01, 2006
..sees the New Orleans bashing and suggest some uninformed ..click on my Blog to see.(!!..I agreewith Nagins point...NYork..was very helpful in Rescue in New Orleans & the Gulf coast region..along with crews from Cali..also..The point I c..and have been to Ground zero..is that the political inbickering ..is more a problem in NY.Its 5 yrs later and they dont Have a structure rising out of the Hole in the Ground..That..is a gross undermining ..of the souls lost there..to Terrorism..and not 1 brick layed in rebuilding.That is a crime in itself.
Member Since: July 3, 2005 Posts: 426 Comments: 129093
956. kmanislander
1:53 PM GMT on September 01, 2006
hi melwerle

The link I posted was the water vapour loop of the CATL showing the two ULLs. The first link posted was an error. Does that answer your question ?

sorry for the confusion
Member Since: August 19, 2006 Posts: 0 Comments: 15948
955. CycloneOz
1:52 PM GMT on September 01, 2006
BRAND NEW - Ernesto GOES IR Animation from August 24, 2006 - September 1, 2006!

This new animation takes you from Ernesto's humble beginnings as a TD, his multiple Carribean landfalls, and onto FL, SC and NC!

Look at all the weather patterns that affected this very interesting and unique storm!


Member Since: August 26, 2006 Posts: 10 Comments: 3918
953. sandcrab39565
1:51 PM GMT on September 01, 2006
Patrap, I got my limit on Specks this am good size and yellow mouthed.
Member Since: June 25, 2006 Posts: 36 Comments: 9972
952. Patrap
1:50 PM GMT on September 01, 2006
..John to turn west under the Ul winds..and its very,very..rare..for any organised significant Tropical system to traverse the Baja to California,,Cooler ssts and prevailing UL winds ..are just not in the cards for John..a rare scenario..Better to worry about Meteorite impact in San Diego..or the usual shake ,rattle & roll..
Member Since: July 3, 2005 Posts: 426 Comments: 129093
951. lightning10
1:49 PM GMT on September 01, 2006
Depending on how far north that moisture goes I might get some good rain. I live near a mountain range. Anytime that moisture comes from the south my city Whittier,CA gets a lot more rain then most other parts so So Cal.

Last time moisture came up from the south I remember that day Downtown LA got around 1.2 inches of rain not bad. Where I live got 3.9 inches of rain.

Then back last Junuary there was another storm that should have been huge but was a bust. Downtown LA got 0.75 inches of rain. We got 2.2 inches ^_^.
Member Since: November 24, 2005 Posts: 41 Comments: 630
950. Patrap
1:47 PM GMT on September 01, 2006
..trival candy for the Masses..lol
Member Since: July 3, 2005 Posts: 426 Comments: 129093
949. Zaphod
1:46 PM GMT on September 01, 2006
John seems to be organizing its surroundings today. Not a ton stronger, but nicely structured.

Any thoughts about how it will fair over/near Baja?

I see the GFDL recurving it toward San Diego, yet the 5-day cone heads out to sea. I haven't every really looked at behaviors of storms on that coast, but it seems worrisome to me.
Zap
Member Since: October 5, 2005 Posts: 15 Comments: 3239
948. ricderr
1:46 PM GMT on September 01, 2006
SAN DIEGO EVACUATES IN PREPARATION FOR HURRICANE JOHN
AP Newswire 09-01-2006

Strong winds, high surf and tidal flooding has forced Governor Arnold Swartzenager to issue California's first hurricane evacuation notice. Citing possible catastrophic damage due to the fact most buildings are built to withstand earhtquakes but not equipped to handle high wind, Swartzenager has called a state of emergency and ordered the National Guard to make preperations for evacuating residents from the low lying areas. He stated, " when all is said and done I don't want to be rmembered as the next Nagin." Nagin being the Mayor of New Orleans, who has been criticized for his lack of initiative in the wake of Hurricane Katrina......

The above has been a service of Ricderr reporting and in no ways assimilates any truth
Member Since: June 27, 2006 Posts: 675 Comments: 22085
947. Patrap
1:45 PM GMT on September 01, 2006
..sees N carolina still attached to Shelf of Continent..Sweeet!
Member Since: July 3, 2005 Posts: 426 Comments: 129093
946. Patrap
1:44 PM GMT on September 01, 2006
..John to turn west away from the Land masses..John is not a Threat to Cali....
Member Since: July 3, 2005 Posts: 426 Comments: 129093
945. pandora1783
1:40 PM GMT on September 01, 2006
Posted By: K8eCane at 12:55 PM GMT on September 01, 2006.
wilmington here
no major damage that i can tell
we did lose power and our lines are underground pandora!


Sorry K8eCane! It didn't even flicker in Sunset Park!
944. littlefish
1:39 PM GMT on September 01, 2006
LB at 16N 54W looks to sputter today. Yesterday at this time, the overnight convection ahd dissipated. There's still a little left. But the ULL above Hispaniola looks parked and may shear this when it gets into Caribbean. Otherwise, I think it could develop. Pressure dropped from 1012 yesterday to 1011 today (small, but in the right direction).
943. Nickelback
1:35 PM GMT on September 01, 2006
will the Heavy Rain in VA, Beach Make it to Richmond, or is Richmond Good, and out of the Heavy Rains?
942. melwerle
1:34 PM GMT on September 01, 2006
The folks in San diego WOULDN'T know how to deal with it - when we used to get heavy rain, people would freak out - tons of accidents on the freeways - lawn furniture damage...lol. The fires we had a few years back we not cool though - had people PRAYIN for rain at the point.
Member Since: June 28, 2006 Posts: 12 Comments: 1837
941. Cavin Rawlins
1:33 PM GMT on September 01, 2006
Good Morning All......

Weather456’s Tropical and Subtropical Weather Discussion for The North Atlantic Ocean.............Part One...Tropical Storm Ernesto……
Friday, September 1, 2006.......…


Tropical Storm Ernesto made landfall, last night, just west of Cape Fear at 11 pm EDT on August 31, just below hurricane strength at 70mph and a MCP of 991mbars. (Correct me if I’m wrong).

Ernesto brought TS forced winds and flooding rains of up to 10in to areas of South/North Carolina, overnight, last night.

As of 8:00amEDT, Ernesto was located at35.8N/77.6W, moving towards the north at 15mph. Ernesto has sustain winds of 60mph, and a MCP of 990mbars.

Ernesto will continue to move NE and then push back west by an Upper Level Mid-Latitude Low coming down from Canada.

South Carolina:
Heavy rains have fallen across the Palmetto State with a total of 5.75"/146 mm at Blythewood on Cedar Creek as of the morning of August 31.

North Carolina:
Starting a day before landfall, moisture from Ernesto was intercepted by a frontal boundary stalled across the state, which led to prodigious rains. The maximum amount as of the morning of August 31 was 5.30"/134.6 mm at a rain gauge two miles north-northwest of Henderson.

Source: Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia

Surface Observations
Wave heights approaching South Carolina/North Carolina will be on the rise later this afternoon and into tonight. Waves will be as high as 4-5m (10-15ft). People should exercise caution before getting into the water as there is also a risk for rip currents.

Sea surface temps in the area are above 80degrees, which likely fuel Ernesto until it reaches land.

Rainfall amounts will be as high as 5-10inces in some spots directly in the path of Ernesto (Not including the frontal boundary).

There is also a threat of tornados as with landfall tropical systems.

Buoys/Ships
None

Land-Based Stations at 9AM
NEW, NC (EWN)
Pressure:1001.5mbars
Winds: SW at 19knots

CLINTON, NC (CTZ)
Pressure:1005mabrs
Winds: NNW at 15knots

ROCKY, NC (RWI)
Pressure:996.4mabrs
Winds: NNW at 15knots

By Weather456.....9:32AST......
Member Since: July 24, 2005 Posts: 407 Comments: 19076

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Jeff co-founded the Weather Underground in 1995 while working on his Ph.D. He flew with the NOAA Hurricane Hunters from 1986-1990.

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