Save the Keeling Curve!

By: Dr. Jeff Masters , 2:13 PM GMT on March 11, 2014

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Climate change's most iconic research project is in danger--a victim of budget cuts in an era of increased government belt-tightening. The Keeling Curve is a measurement of the concentration of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere made atop Hawaii’s Mauna Loa, begun in 1958 by Dr. Charles Keeling. It is the longest-running such measurement in the world. The curve was instrumental in showing how human emissions of carbon dioxide were steadily accumulating in Earth's atmosphere, and raised awareness that human-caused climate change was an ever-increasing threat to the stability of our climate. After Keeling's death in 2005, the measurements were continued by his son, Ralph F. Keeling. Support from NSF, NOAA and NASA is being diminished or withdrawn, and Keeling has turned to crowd-funding to help raise funds to continue these important measurements. I hope you can join me in making a donation.


Figure 1. The Keeling Curve: climate change's most iconic image. The curve's steady year-by-year increase in CO2 due to burning of coal, oil, and natural gas has wriggles on top of it, due to the natural seasonal cycle in CO2--plants suck in CO2 during the Northern Hemisphere growing season, then release it during the winter. Image credit: Scripps Institution of Oceanography, USCD.


Figure 2. Dr. Charles Keeling posing at the entrance to the Charles Keeling Building at Mauna Loa, Hawaii. Image credit: NOAA/ESRL.

CO2 Levels Hit 401 ppm
The latest data from the Keeling curve website shows that atmospheric carbon dioxide levels are surging upwards in their usual late winter push, as plants return CO2 to the atmosphere before the Northern Hemisphere spring growing season hits. CO2 levels reached 401 ppm (parts per million) last week on top of Mauna Loa, setting a new record. CO2 levels were at 280 ppm in 1870, increased less than 1 ppm per year in the 1960s, then accelerated to 2 ppm per year during the 2000s. Less than 1% of the increase since 1870 has been due to natural sources, such as volcanoes. The last time carbon dioxide levels reached 400 ppm—between 2.5 and 5 million years ago during the Pliocene Era—the Earth was 3.5 to 9° F warmer (2 to 5° C), and sea levels were 65 to 80 feet higher.

Links
There is a hashtag #savetheKeelingCurve
Eli Rabett's post, Shaking the Cup for Science
What Does 400 ppm Look Like? December 2013 blog post by Robert Monroe of the Scripps Institution of Oceanography.




Senate holds all-nighter on climate change
A group of 31 U.S. Senators pulled an all-nighter last night on the floor of the U.S. Senate, taking turns from 9 pm Monday night until 9 am Tuesday morning to promote policy actions on climate change. Many of the Senators involved issued tweets using the hashtag #Up4Climate. The all-nighter was another indication that politicians are becoming increasingly bold about speaking up on climate change.

Latest Version of our WunderMap App Now Includes WunderPhotos
Weather Underground has released today a new version of our WunderMap app for iPhone and iPad. The main new feature that we'd like to highlight is the WunderPhotos layer--now users can view, share, and submit photos all from within the app. Here are a few of the features of the new version of the WunderMap app:

◦ Improved Weather Station display, and both station size and station spacing are now adjustable (Weather Stations Layer ⇒ Settings).
◦ New WunderPhotos layer! View, share, and submit beautiful weather photos.
◦ Fixed incorrect elevation for some Personal Weather Stations.
◦ Swipe-to-delete search history items.
◦ "Terrain/Satellite” and other map options made more prominent.
◦ Bug fixes (crashes, visual glitches, and usability enhancements).
◦ Optimized performance across all devices.


The latest version is available to download for iPhone and iPad at https://itunes.apple.com/app/wundermap/id364884105?mt=8.

Jeff Masters

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This really is a lovely thing to see: A storm system in the Great Plains; Severe weather, some Colorado rockies snow, and a big warmup for several across the Corn belt. Ahhh made my day.

It is sort of long range though (240 hours):
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting 853. Articuno:
Damn is it windy out! Our lights have flickered 3 times now, I didn't lose power at all during the two hurricanes, didn't even get a flicker. I haven't seen winds this bad since Sandy
Yeah these tweets are impressive for sure
Euro showing 6-10", GGEM and DGEX showing 12-15"

Capital Weather Gang ‏@capitalweather 1m
Impressive winds! @MascoFromABC2: Over 70% of our observation sites in #Maryland is reporting gusts at or ABOVE 50MPH

RT @TerpWeather: Estimated outages in MD hit 15,000

I wonder where all the "Floridians" are? :).Especially the one that attacked me for not discussing their weather.
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Heavy Snow Falling on Midwest, Northeast, and Canada

A late Winter snow storm is moving through the northeastern part of the United States, potentially dumping up to 24 inches of snow on already snow-weary parts of the country. Winter Storm Warnings are posted for the Midwest and Northeast, and blizzard conditions are possible. Conditions Worsen Across Midwest and Northeast
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Quoting washingtonian115:
Getting reports now that some parts of downtown D.C have lost power per CWG.Well at least the weather isn't California weather any more.

Just had a reported tree fall over by the Big Cat gas station. Crews are enroute to investigate, :-)
Member Since: October 2, 2004 Posts: 0 Comments: 13138
Damn is it windy out! Our lights have flickered 3 times now, I didn't lose power at all during the two hurricanes, didn't even get a flicker. I haven't seen winds this bad since Sandy
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Getting reports now that some parts of downtown D.C have lost power per CWG.Well at least the weather isn't California weather any more.
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This is a great example of how the media makes things up

Headline: Oil rig worker claims in employer confirmed letter-he saw the plane go down. Vietnamese say they found nothing @ABC pic.twitter.com/k8y02se9aZ

Now read the letter the oil rig worker actually wrote:

Twitter thing

See if you think it matches the headline.
Member Since: October 2, 2004 Posts: 0 Comments: 13138
From CWG
RT @TerpWeather: A 61 MPH wind gust at Martinsburg 1mph higher than what Martinsburg recorded during Sandy

No wonder my lights are flickering.

RT @craigsclarke: Lost power in Fredericksburg. We have some huge gusty winds. #fxbg

Some people are already losing power.Ish is about to get real.
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Quoting BahaHurican:
Evening all...

I note we're supposed to have a low pressure system pass through the NW Bahamas again tomorrow... seems like one can tell which day it is by these systems of late... I'm particularly grateful for this one because it is creating a relatively unusual southerly flow which has been blowing the remnant smoke from Monday's fire away to the north, bringing some relief to the SW quadrant of the island.

EDIT: I note the winds backing around to the west relatively swiftly now, which suggests we should see some wx changes tomorrow a.m....

The wind is strongly from the west here, Baha.
Member Since: October 2, 2004 Posts: 0 Comments: 13138
Quoting GeorgiaStormz:


It's hella windy here.. It was quite warm earlier today, now it's only going to rebound to 47 tomorrow with a freeze tonight and tomorrow night

First time my 45 mph gust warning has gone off on the weather station so the wind's blowing pretty good here. It also looks like rain but there's nothing on the radar. Temperature dropped from 75 to 53 in the last 45 minutes so it's a pretty strong cold front.
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Quoting ozelloslim:
As a long time lurker on this blog I've always wondered why NOAA on their 7 day outlook page ( I"m sure we are all familiar with.) They advise us to tune in to NOAA weather radio for latest updates. However there is no link to our local NOAA weather radio. My history is that reception is usually poor at best with most weather radio's. Why can't they put a direct link to the local weather radio station on their web page. I know there is a link on my current location on Weather Underground for NOAA weather radio but why can't our tax supported Weather Service provide us with the same information? By the way we moved from a central Florida location to coastal Delaware this past summer and ran into the coldest winter since the 1970"s. Our current barometer reading is 29.08 and the lowest since we've been here.

NOAA does have a page devoted to weather radio feeds here. I agree that it would be an improvement if they added a link to all the local pages. Almost all the weather radio feeds come from either Weather Underground or RadioReference.com. I'd like to stress that all these feeds are provided by people like me at their own expense, and not all areas are covered. To my knowledge, the NWS or NOAA funds no weather radio feeds...or at least they haven't sent me a check yet. :-)
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Quoting 845. washingtonian115:
I should have said February 2012 to be exact.The NWS did advertise sever weather today but that was pretty much thrown out the window when the sun did come out as much and temps refused to budge this morning.When they finally decided to rise it was to late.It only got up to 64 at my location before tampering off...

(Live cast)

Holly moly the lights are flicking on and off!.


It's hella windy here.. It was quite warm earlier today, now it's only going to rebound to 47 tomorrow with a freeze tonight and tomorrow night
Member Since: February 11, 2012 Posts: 0 Comments: 9720
Quoting 842. GeorgiaStormz:


server thunderstorm?
Always discharge that static electricity on those electronics before it builds up like that :)

Anyway, yeah it is possible you guys get more snow, though I'd bet heavily against it.
I should have said February 2012 to be exact.The NWS did advertise sever weather today but that was pretty much thrown out the window when the sun didn't come out as much and temps refused to budge this morning.When they finally decided to rise it was to late.It only got up to 64 at my location before tampering off...

(Live cast)

Holly moly the lights are flicking on and off!.
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Quoting washingtonian115:
The blog is dead...Quick! someone upload something that will bring in people.

AWWW!
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Portlight Conference, New Jersey




What: The Getting It Right Conference - Shelter and Transportation Accessibility for People with Disabilities during relief and evacuation efforts

When: June 26-27, 2014

Where: Sheraton Lincoln Harbor, Weehawken, NJ



Who: Portlight Strategies, Inc. and the Christopher & Dana Reeve Foundation



Why: Shelter and transportation accessibility are of paramount importance to people with disabilities in disaster situations. All too often in recent events these considerations have gone unaddressed...putting the lives of people with disabilities in grave danger. For shelter operators, addressing the needs of people living with disabilities can be a complex and confusing issue. We understand this...and are facilitating the Getting It Right conference to show that shelter and accessibility considerations are not only the right thing to do...they can be done easily...and usually inexpensively.

Our goal is to help shelter operators and transportation coordinators understand that a few simple steps can effectively address most concerns.. We understand these are unique...and short term...situations....and we want to stress: The perfect cannot become the enemy of the functional and adequate. In other words...we want to give the situation another look and help you while you are helping others.
Member Since: July 3, 2005 Posts: 421 Comments: 127550
Quoting 827. washingtonian115:
Climo is arguing that a snow event this late in D.C isn't going to happen..but I've seen weirder.(Like a server thunderstorm in February).


server thunderstorm?
Always discharge that static electricity on those electronics before it builds up like that :)

Anyway, yeah it is possible you guys get more snow, though I'd bet heavily against it.
Member Since: February 11, 2012 Posts: 0 Comments: 9720








From
Member Since: September 23, 2005 Posts: 14 Comments: 10875
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The blog is dead...Quick! someone upload something that will bring in people.
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NOAA Weather Radio All Hazards

NOAA Weather Radio All Hazards (NWR) is a nationwide network of radio stations broadcasting continuous weather information from the nearest National Weather Service office. NWR broadcasts official warnings, watches, forecasts and other hazard information 24 hours a day, 7 days a week.

Working with the Federal Communication Commission's Emergency Alert System, NWR is an all hazards radio network, making it your single source for comprehensive weather and emergency information.

In conjunction with emergency managers and other public officials, NWR broadcasts warning and post-event information for all types of hazards including natural events such as earthquakes and avalanches, environmental accidents such as chemical releases or oil spills, and public safety issues such as a child abduction or 911 telephone outage. Please see NWR Specific Area Message Encoding (SAME) for Event Codes

Known as the "Voice of NOAA's National Weather Service," NWR is provided as a public service by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, part of the Department of Commerce. NWR numbers 1000 transmitters, covering all 50 states, adjacent coastal waters, Puerto Rico, the U.S. Virgin Islands, and the U.S. Pacific Territories. NWR requires a special radio receiver or scanner capable of picking up the signal. Broadcasts are found in the VHF public service band at these seven frequencies (MHz) listed below.
Member Since: July 3, 2005 Posts: 421 Comments: 127550
NOAA Weather Alert Radios are tuned to Specific SAME Channels. They can be programmed for ones County or Parish easily.

One can TEST the reception simply by pressing the Button on a Midland WR-100 to get ones current conditions and forecast.







Member Since: July 3, 2005 Posts: 421 Comments: 127550
www.solarham.net



Added 03/12/2014 @ 22:50 UTC
Near X-Flare Detected
Departing sunspot 1996 produced an impulsive M9.3 solar flare peaking at 22:34 UTC. Rapid releases of energy are not generally known to produce large coronal mass ejections, but we will wait for updated coronagraph imagery to confirm if a plasma cloud is associated. If there is, it would likely be directed mostly away from our planet. Imagery by SDO/EVE.
Member Since: July 3, 2005 Posts: 421 Comments: 127550
As a long time lurker on this blog I've always wondered why NOAA on their 7 day outlook page ( I"m sure we are all familiar with.) They advise us to tune in to NOAA weather radio for latest updates. However there is no link to our local NOAA weather radio. My history is that reception is usually poor at best with most weather radio's. Why can't they put a direct link to the local weather radio station on their web page. I know there is a link on my current location on Weather Underground for NOAA weather radio but why can't our tax supported Weather Service provide us with the same information? By the way we moved from a central Florida location to coastal Delaware this past summer and ran into the coldest winter since the 1970"s. Our current barometer reading is 29.08 and the lowest since we've been here.
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Malaysia government is saying they havent seen these satellite photos..that China never gave images to them. The images were from Sunday..day after the crash..per CNN
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Evening all...

I note we're supposed to have a low pressure system pass through the NW Bahamas again tomorrow... seems like one can tell which day it is by these systems of late... I'm particularly grateful for this one because it is creating a relatively unusual southerly flow which has been blowing the remnant smoke from Monday's fire away to the north, bringing some relief to the SW quadrant of the island.

EDIT: I note the winds backing around to the west relatively swiftly now, which suggests we should see some wx changes tomorrow a.m....
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Quoting 830. VAbeachhurricanes:


Is that bad?


Ehhh. X-class are worse. This won't cause much damage
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EVE X-ray Imager



Member Since: July 3, 2005 Posts: 421 Comments: 127550
Quoting 828. Luisport:
M9.3 SOLAR FLARE Link


Is that bad?
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Quoting 826. Sfloridacat5:
GFS has D.C. right on the edge of the precipitation with the system on the 17/18th.
Looks to be plenty of cold air if D.C. can get the precipitation in there.
The ensembles have D.C getting more snow from this system.
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M9.3 SOLAR FLARE Link
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Climo is arguing that a snow event this late in D.C isn't going to happen..but I've seen weirder.(Like a server thunderstorm in February).
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GFS has D.C. right on the edge of the precipitation with the system on the 17/18th.
Looks to be plenty of cold air if D.C. can get the precipitation in there.
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Quoting Dakster:


The after action report on this event should be an interesting read.

It should be, assuming one is ever prepared. No matter what happens, I guarantee you and I will read a "sanitized" version. Let's just say that several of my after action reports contained about four words I had actually written when they were released. :-)
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SevereStudios ‏@severestudios · 13 min
6:14pm EST: Damaging wind up to 65mph will be approaching the Raleigh-Durham metro area pic.twitter.com/zW8fZ88YkN

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Quoting 820. sar2401:

It certainly appears a lot of balls have been dropped in this search.


The after action report on this event should be an interesting read.
Member Since: March 10, 2006 Posts: 0 Comments: 10034
Quoting 818. sar2401:

Hmm, a daylight photo. The Chinese are apparently not releasing the real high resolution picture of this, but it does look like a promising lead.


Let's hope that this is the real deal to resolve the mystery about what happened but it may take weeks,months and even years to know that real cause if they take a good chunck of time trying to located the black boxes.
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Quoting 820. sar2401:

It certainly appears a lot of balls have been dropped in this search.
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Quoting barbamz:
Recommended: Guardian live blog about the missing plane:

MH370: China releases satellite images of possible crash site – live

19m
The Chinese agency that published the satellite pictures actually released them Wednesday night local time. In what appears to be something of a big miss, until CNN and the BBC reported the pictures in the past hour, they went pretty much un-noticed.
But the American arm of the Chinese-funded English-language broadcaster, CCTV, tweeted the pictures seven hours ago. The Twitter account of CCTV America, at the time of writing, has 8,226 followers.

It certainly appears a lot of balls have been dropped in this search.
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Quoting 815. Dakster:


I guess one can dream...

Don't worry nature has blessed Florida one too many years without a Major Hurricane strike... Let's see how long we can get that to last.
Nature has a way of making sick jokes.It didn't really gives us anything for three years.Now it's camped several snow storms in one winter that could evenly be split for the past three.lol.
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Quoting Tropicsweatherpr:
Closeup view of that Chinese image taken at 11 AM local time of March 9.


Hmm, a daylight photo. The Chinese are apparently not releasing the real high resolution picture of this, but it does look like a promising lead.
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Quoting Autistic2:
Is sky pony here? Can I plant my seeds you sent me now? I live in St. Augustine fl.

For those that read it the other day I had a very close call with a bolt of lightening. second degree flash burns but no third degree (entrance and exit burns) according to the doctor depending on the size and power of the bolt it missed me by 10-30 feet.

Killed a lot of electrical things in my house. Well I feel to good from the little white pills she gave me so I will go back to off season lurking.

Holy cow! I'm glad to hear it wasn't more serious.
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Quoting DonnieBwkGA:
Here is a population density map of Indonesia from 2006. Borneo and Sumatra have some lightly populated areas but it's hard for me to believe no one would have heard it crash.


You'd be amazed. We had a search for a Twin Otter that had the last track about 20 miles out into the Pacific. After searching the water for four days with zero clues, we expanded the search inland. A Twin Otter is not anywhere near as big a plane as a 777 but it's not a Cessna 172 either. After another four days, a Coast Guard Helicopter located a small area of burned trees. It was about 200 yards from an occupied ranch house, so we never searched that area, assuming it was too close to an occupied dwelling for a crash not to be seen or heard. The FAA investigation said it caught fire on contact with the ground at about 350 knots, and it continued to burn for at least an hour. The crash occurred about 1:00 in the morning. We interviewed the three occupants of the ranch house, and they said they never heard or saw a thing...but they were very sound sleepers. :-) After that, I never made the assumption that someone would have to have seen or heard something.
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Quoting 812. washingtonian115:
No nature owes me!.After tearing through my region for three years now.


I guess one can dream...

Don't worry nature has blessed Florida one too many years without a Major Hurricane strike... Let's see how long we can get that to last.
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Closeup view of that Chinese image taken at 11 AM local time of March 9.

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Quoting 811. Autistic2:


Thanks!


Feel better soon.
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Quoting 804. Dakster:


You know you owe Mother Nature big time!
No nature owes me!.After tearing through my region for three years now.
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Quoting 809. DonnieBwkGA:
I'm planting this weekend. St. Augustine won't have any more freezes this winter.


Thanks!
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Have a Good Evening Everyone. If those Satt shots turn out to be a part of the plane, and even if it sunk by now, it will be possible location to start sounding for black box pings.

See Yall Tomorrow.
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I'm planting this weekend. St. Augustine won't have any more freezes this winter.
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Is sky pony here? Can I plant my seeds you sent me now? I live in St. Augustine fl.

For those that read it the other day I had a very close call with a bolt of lightening. second degree flash burns but no third degree (entrance and exit burns) according to the doctor depending on the size and power of the bolt it missed me by 10-30 feet.

Killed a lot of electrical things in my house. Well I feel to good from the little white pills she gave me so I will go back to off season lurking.
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Quoting 800. TropicalAnalystwx13:

Day 1 outlooks are updated 4 times a day, every day, at 12z (this one actually comes out at 2am EDT), 13z (9am EDT), 1630z (12:30pm EDT), and 20z (4:00pm EDT)


never mind TA..I see your point
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Jeff co-founded the Weather Underground in 1995 while working on his Ph.D. He flew with the NOAA Hurricane Hunters from 1986-1990.

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