Save the Keeling Curve!

By: Dr. Jeff Masters , 2:13 PM GMT on March 11, 2014

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Climate change's most iconic research project is in danger--a victim of budget cuts in an era of increased government belt-tightening. The Keeling Curve is a measurement of the concentration of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere made atop Hawaii’s Mauna Loa, begun in 1958 by Dr. Charles Keeling. It is the longest-running such measurement in the world. The curve was instrumental in showing how human emissions of carbon dioxide were steadily accumulating in Earth's atmosphere, and raised awareness that human-caused climate change was an ever-increasing threat to the stability of our climate. After Keeling's death in 2005, the measurements were continued by his son, Ralph F. Keeling. Support from NSF, NOAA and NASA is being diminished or withdrawn, and Keeling has turned to crowd-funding to help raise funds to continue these important measurements. I hope you can join me in making a donation.


Figure 1. The Keeling Curve: climate change's most iconic image. The curve's steady year-by-year increase in CO2 due to burning of coal, oil, and natural gas has wriggles on top of it, due to the natural seasonal cycle in CO2--plants suck in CO2 during the Northern Hemisphere growing season, then release it during the winter. Image credit: Scripps Institution of Oceanography, USCD.


Figure 2. Dr. Charles Keeling posing at the entrance to the Charles Keeling Building at Mauna Loa, Hawaii. Image credit: NOAA/ESRL.

CO2 Levels Hit 401 ppm
The latest data from the Keeling curve website shows that atmospheric carbon dioxide levels are surging upwards in their usual late winter push, as plants return CO2 to the atmosphere before the Northern Hemisphere spring growing season hits. CO2 levels reached 401 ppm (parts per million) last week on top of Mauna Loa, setting a new record. CO2 levels were at 280 ppm in 1870, increased less than 1 ppm per year in the 1960s, then accelerated to 2 ppm per year during the 2000s. Less than 1% of the increase since 1870 has been due to natural sources, such as volcanoes. The last time carbon dioxide levels reached 400 ppm—between 2.5 and 5 million years ago during the Pliocene Era—the Earth was 3.5 to 9° F warmer (2 to 5° C), and sea levels were 65 to 80 feet higher.

Links
There is a hashtag #savetheKeelingCurve
Eli Rabett's post, Shaking the Cup for Science
What Does 400 ppm Look Like? December 2013 blog post by Robert Monroe of the Scripps Institution of Oceanography.




Senate holds all-nighter on climate change
A group of 31 U.S. Senators pulled an all-nighter last night on the floor of the U.S. Senate, taking turns from 9 pm Monday night until 9 am Tuesday morning to promote policy actions on climate change. Many of the Senators involved issued tweets using the hashtag #Up4Climate. The all-nighter was another indication that politicians are becoming increasingly bold about speaking up on climate change.

Latest Version of our WunderMap App Now Includes WunderPhotos
Weather Underground has released today a new version of our WunderMap app for iPhone and iPad. The main new feature that we'd like to highlight is the WunderPhotos layer--now users can view, share, and submit photos all from within the app. Here are a few of the features of the new version of the WunderMap app:

◦ Improved Weather Station display, and both station size and station spacing are now adjustable (Weather Stations Layer ⇒ Settings).
◦ New WunderPhotos layer! View, share, and submit beautiful weather photos.
◦ Fixed incorrect elevation for some Personal Weather Stations.
◦ Swipe-to-delete search history items.
◦ "Terrain/Satellite” and other map options made more prominent.
◦ Bug fixes (crashes, visual glitches, and usability enhancements).
◦ Optimized performance across all devices.


The latest version is available to download for iPhone and iPad at https://itunes.apple.com/app/wundermap/id364884105?mt=8.

Jeff Masters

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Just got online again after being offline for the whole morning after I commented (stupid work!!). Just wanted to say thanks to Rick Derr and Dr. Jeff Masters. Glad to see the community responding to this by donating too!
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Extreme precipitation events -

A long predicted outcome of a warming world.

I have long thought that as the system gains more energy, the increase in water moving through it would increase one type of precipitation like we have never seen before. And that is hail in ever increasing size. That is due to thunderstorms reaching above 45,000 feet on an ever increasing basis. Baseball hail is going to much more common in future. I followed this for some time now, and this report from India is pretty chilling :



Is climate change responsible for the hail storms and unseasonal rainfall in Maharashtra?

MUMBAI: Is climate change responsible for the hail storms and unseasonal rainfall in parts of Maharashtra? Or is it a one-off phenomenon?

The South Asia Network on Dams, Rivers and People (SANDRP) on Tuesday described it as "unprecedented."

Hailstorms by the end of February 2014, initially thought of as a one-off phenomenon, continued to batter places like Solapur for nearly two weeks now. Rabi crops like wheat, harbhara, cotton, jowar, summer onion are lost, horticultural crops like papaya, sweet lime, grapes are battered and orchards which took years to grow are ridden to the ground. For many farmers the tragedy is unbearable as majority of crops were about to be harvested. Turmeric was drying in the sun, grapes were waiting to be graded, wheat was harvested and lying in the fields.

According to a preliminary estimate, crops over 12 lakh hectares have been severely affected, thousands of livestock, animals and birds have succumbed to injuries and diseases, which threaten to spread. Around 21 people have lost their lives to the disaster.


Link @ The Times of India
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People seem to forget that we are going to see fluctuations up and down but the "overall" trend is for a warming Equatorial Pacific over the coming weeks.
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spring is here now in new york city today 66F R
Member Since: March 12, 2013 Posts: 113 Comments: 106802
Quoting 195. Tropicsweatherpr:


Teddy,maybe not so fast?


??? Temps might have dropped some over the last 24hrs but this Kelvin Wave means business. It's just a matter of days before all of this warm water surfaces comes to the surface.


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on march 11 2014 4pm
Nearby Airports

New Haven | Mostly Cloudy | 61 °F
Chester | Clear | 57 °F
Meriden | Clear | 57 °F
Nearby Weather Stations

Bishops Orchards-Meadow Ridge | 59.5 °F
Orcutt | 59.5 °F
Bishops Orchards-LHR | 60.9 °F
NEW YORK CITY 66F AT 3:53pm
Member Since: March 12, 2013 Posts: 113 Comments: 106802
Quoting 198. Doppler22:
Im in slight risk for Wednesday!!!! Great way to start Spring off!! :D


Lucky..
I'm watching the clouds move up from the south for some rain...boring rain

Saw a couple police helicopters too. Perfect day for a nap.
Member Since: February 11, 2012 Posts: 0 Comments: 9760
Quoting 157. sar2401:

Scripps had over $12 million in undesignated and unrestricted revenue. They can spend that on any program they chose, including the Mauna Loa site.

Scripps 2012 Annual Report
Yes, but what other programs would they have to cut to allocate the funds to Keeling? It isn't completely clear that a Scripps is providing any funding now. I was surprised at the extent of the monitoring program: it's not just a CO2 measuring device in Hawaii.

"Much has changed since 1958, when Charles Keeling took his first CO2 measurements atop Mauna Loa in Hawaii. The programme he started now monitors CO2 at 13 sites, from the South Pole to Alaska (see ‘Greenhouse grid’). The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) runs a larger network that overlaps with the Scripps system, helping both teams to ensure that their measurements are correct. These data, along with other measurements from researchers around the world, flow into models designed to study how carbon moves through the environment.

The complement to the Keeling curve is Ralph Keeling’s atmospheric-oxygen record, which NOAA does not replicate. Keeling has documented a decrease in oxygen levels that is due to fossil-fuel combustion, which uses up oxygen and releases CO2. By accounting for both CO2 and oxygen levels in the atmosphere, scientists have calculated that oceans and plants each absorb roughly one-quarter of humanity’s CO2 emissions, leaving half to build up in the atmosphere.
............
Keeling says that he received around US$700,000 annually for the CO2 programme through paired support from the National Science Foundation (NSF) and the Department of Energy (DOE) until three years ago, when the NSF halted funding. With staff cuts, he has been able to maintain operations with a budget of around $350,000. He has also partnered with Earth Networks, an atmospheric-monitoring company based in Germantown, Maryland, which has deployed a sensor for him at Mauna Loa to reduce the costs for Scripps. His latest grant application to the DOE is pending, but in the meantime he is operating on spare funds.

Link

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Quoting 196. yoboi:



I was up all night watching the senate/climate slumber party.......They had some real knee slappers...they had one guy saying that warming causes cold winters then in the same breath started complaining about a propane shortage.....


Dem Dem's made for some great comedy:)
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Im in slight risk for Wednesday!!!! Great way to start Spring off!! :D
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Quoting opal92nwf:
Wow, like two hours ago, there wasn't much more than an isolated shower near P'cola! kind of alarming!

I've been watching that blob aslo. I hope any convection stays by you so I don't have to dope up the pooch.
Member Since: October 2, 2004 Posts: 0 Comments: 17460
196. yoboi
Quoting 187. Patrap:
The Senate had real Science expounded upon for the good of the Nation,...and what happens here?

The Koch Brother's Buzzards swooped down with a few well rounded rebuttal post.


: P





I was up all night watching the senate/climate slumber party.......They had some real knee slappers...they had one guy saying that warming causes cold winters then in the same breath started complaining about a propane shortage.....
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Quoting 190. CybrTeddy:
Looks like a classic El Nino event might be developing.


Teddy,maybe not so fast?
Member Since: April 29, 2009 Posts: 75 Comments: 14913
Quoting Birthmark:

Yep. I heard that Al Gore is fat, therefore, AGW is a hoax.

LOL. What better evidence could one hope for than Al Gore looks like Jabba the Hut. ;-)
Member Since: October 2, 2004 Posts: 0 Comments: 17460
Wow now the SWAT teams and cops are near and around my university looking for some guy with a .357 handgun.

Who/where ever he is, he's got no shot with a .357

This is interesting....lol

Beautiful day out though

very warm


Member Since: February 11, 2012 Posts: 0 Comments: 9760
Wow, like two hours ago, there wasn't much more than an isolated shower near P'cola! kind of alarming!
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Quoting LargoFl:
im sorry if i pissed some folks off today..just found out i have the big C on my outer ear and in 2 weeks i go for surgery..depression certainly hits hard huh...

Sorry to hear that, friend. The vast majority of those skin cancers turn out to not be a big deal. I hope yours follow the majority. I'll say an extra prayer for you.
Member Since: October 2, 2004 Posts: 0 Comments: 17460
Looks like a classic El Nino event might be developing.
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In honor of Robert Simpson, co-founder of the Saffir-Simpson hurricane scale, ATCF has created "Hurricane Simpson," which has made landfall in Florida in the future: May 20th, 2014.

Screenshot from my TC Info Page:

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The Senate had real Science expounded upon for the good of the Nation,...and what happens here?

The Koch Brother's Buzzards swooped down with a few well rounded rebuttal post.


: P


Member Since: July 3, 2005 Posts: 428 Comments: 129903
Quoting 183. Patrap:
Ah, the Gore effect.

LoL




Yep. I heard that Al Gore is fat, therefore, AGW is a hoax.
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184. NCstu
Quoting 180. LargoFl:
im sorry if i pissed some folks off today..just found out i have the big C on my outer ear and in 2 weeks i go for surgery..depression certainly hits hard huh...
I'm sorry to hear that. I hope surgery is the last of it. Good luck to you
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Ah, the Gore effect.

LoL

How many of the Gore dissenters served in the Army in Nam ?

See, your false equivalency can cut both,well, many ways in Language.

Do you count the CO2 from the Transport of US Troops to Asia and their dependents from the US to Okinawa and other rotating service based families?







Member Since: July 3, 2005 Posts: 428 Comments: 129903
Quoting 180. LargoFl:
im sorry if i pissed some folks off today..just found out i have the big C on my outer ear and in 2 weeks i go for surgery..depression certainly hits hard huh...

Best wishes for a speedy and complete recovery, Largo.
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181. NCstu
Yoda's co-pilot - "Captain Yoda, we seem to be headed the wrong direction. Are you sure we are following the correct flight path to China?"
Yoda - "Off course, we are"
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im sorry if i pissed some folks off today..just found out i have the big C on my outer ear and in 2 weeks i go for surgery..depression certainly hits hard huh...
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Quoting 123. jpsb:


I live in Texas I use less then 700KW of power a month. No heat in the winter except on really colds day a 500 watt space heater. No AC in the summer, I put a fan in the bedroom window. I put under 2,000 miles on my little 4 banger S10 pickup/year. Al Gore uses more carbon in a day then I use in a year.


Was Al Gore there for the all night party or was he MIA like half the dems? I guess they didn't feel it was important enough to be there.
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Member Since: July 3, 2005 Posts: 428 Comments: 129903
When I went to bed last night, our forecast said partly cloudy with a high of 48, dropping sharply in the afternoon, post cold front. No chance for precip. Currently our radar is showing rain, and what we're seeing is very heavy blowing snow. Colorado...
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Quoting 166. KEEPEROFTHEGATE:
Special weather statement in effect for:
•City of Toronto

Snow and blowing snow Wednesday.

An area of low pressure from Kansas is forecast to track south of the Lower Great Lakes on Wednesday. This system is expected to generate snow and local blowing snow for Wednesday for regions just north of Lake Erie and across the Niagara region where winter storm warnings are in effect. Snowfall will be somewhat less from Southern Lake Huron across the Greater Toronto area to Ottawa where up to 10 cm is possible. Amounts will trail off to 5 cm north of this tier of regions.

Although most of the snow will fall during the day Wednesday, some wet snow is likely just prior to the changeover to snow Wednesday morning as colder air settles in. This could create rather hazardous commuting conditions from the Greater Toronto area southwestwards as roads may become slippery with some of the initial accumulating snow turning to ice. Motorists are advised to exercise caution when travelling or commuting due to poor visibilities in snow and blowing snow and slippery roads.

The public is advised to monitor future forecasts and warnings as warnings may be required or extended.

Please monitor the latest forecasts and warnings from Environment Canada at www.weatheroffice.gc.ca.
gee this was some winter up there huh keeper.
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new sonata ad opens up consider that obtrusive. even though im on the fence for gm im for funding for carbin dioxide studies. we need this information. as for the missing plane dont have a clue
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Quoting 171. yonzabam:


The cockpit has its own dedicated oxygen supply.
Quoting 173. yonzabam:


That would suck.
. Sounds like Stephen King , horror story!
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Quoting 172. EyEtoEyE:
What if that was lost too!


That would suck.
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Quoting 171. yonzabam:


The cockpit has its own dedicated oxygen supply.
What if that was lost too!
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Quoting 170. EyEtoEyE:
Sounds to me like a Payne Stewart crash!


The cockpit has its own dedicated oxygen supply.
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Sounds to me like a Payne Stewart crash!
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CNN has been told by a senior Malaysian military official , that the Strait of Malacca , was the last communication with the jetliner , Thank you Yonzabam. Wherever you are located? Near Palula Peak?
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If the plane departed Kuala Lumpur at 12:41am and air traffic control lost contact at 1:30am, that would indicate the plane was travelling at about 428 mph, on average, based on distance traveled from takeoff.

If Malaysian Air Force last tracked it to Pulau Perak at 2:40am, this would mean that the plane actually SLOWED down to
330 mph after it changed course! (based on distance traveled from last known contact)
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Quoting 165. EyEtoEyE:
How deep is the Straits of Malacca ? Because that's where they're looking now for Malaysian Airlines Flight 370 !


Not deep. The military radar couldn't trace it further, so you have to assume the plane kept on flying, across Sumatra, and over the Indian Ocean.
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Special weather statement in effect for:
•City of Toronto

Snow and blowing snow Wednesday.

An area of low pressure from Kansas is forecast to track south of the Lower Great Lakes on Wednesday. This system is expected to generate snow and local blowing snow for Wednesday for regions just north of Lake Erie and across the Niagara region where winter storm warnings are in effect. Snowfall will be somewhat less from Southern Lake Huron across the Greater Toronto area to Ottawa where up to 10 cm is possible. Amounts will trail off to 5 cm north of this tier of regions.

Although most of the snow will fall during the day Wednesday, some wet snow is likely just prior to the changeover to snow Wednesday morning as colder air settles in. This could create rather hazardous commuting conditions from the Greater Toronto area southwestwards as roads may become slippery with some of the initial accumulating snow turning to ice. Motorists are advised to exercise caution when travelling or commuting due to poor visibilities in snow and blowing snow and slippery roads.

The public is advised to monitor future forecasts and warnings as warnings may be required or extended.

Please monitor the latest forecasts and warnings from Environment Canada at www.weatheroffice.gc.ca.
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How deep is the Straits of Malacca ? Because that's where they're looking now for Malaysian Airlines Flight 370 !
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Quoting 162. Dakster:


Well, when I started walking in the heat pretty soon I would have a heart attack. So Fire Rescue would be summoned (9-1-1) to take me to the hospital. I am not in a great state of health at the moment.


Oh, right. Here, in Scotland, the daily maximum temperature hasn't reached 80F for about 3 years. We had a ten day 'heat wave' last summer, when it got into the high 70s, and that was all the 'summer' we got. Still, it was a big improvement on the previous two 'summers', which were just endless cloud.
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Toronto Pearson Int'l Airport
Date: 2:00 PM EDT Tuesday 11 March 2014
Condition:Partly Cloudy
Pressure:29.6 inches
Tendency:falling
Visibility:15 miles
Temperature:50.2°F
Dewpoint:33.8°F
Humidity:53%
Wind:WSW 5 mph
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Quoting 159. yonzabam:


Sorry, you've lost me there.


Well, when I started walking in the heat pretty soon I would have a heart attack. So Fire Rescue would be summoned (9-1-1) to take me to the hospital. I am not in a great state of health at the moment.
Member Since: March 10, 2006 Posts: 0 Comments: 10809
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Quoting 158. Dakster:


The rescue truck that would have to come get would burn a lot more fuel that my car does...



Sorry, you've lost me there.
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Quoting 149. yonzabam:


I walk to work. Takes me 15 minutes. The supermarket is a 10 minute walk.


The rescue truck that would have to come get would burn a lot more fuel that my car does...

Member Since: March 10, 2006 Posts: 0 Comments: 10809
Quoting Naga5000:


It's part of UC San Diego, and if their budgeting is anything like the system in Florida, then that surplus money cannot be used outside of the department it was originally budgeted for.

Scripps had over $12 million in undesignated and unrestricted revenue. They can spend that on any program they chose, including the Mauna Loa site.

Scripps 2012 Annual Report
Member Since: October 2, 2004 Posts: 0 Comments: 17460

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Jeff co-founded the Weather Underground in 1995 while working on his Ph.D. He flew with the NOAA Hurricane Hunters from 1986-1990.

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