Save the Keeling Curve!

By: Dr. Jeff Masters , 2:13 PM GMT on March 11, 2014

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Climate change's most iconic research project is in danger--a victim of budget cuts in an era of increased government belt-tightening. The Keeling Curve is a measurement of the concentration of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere made atop Hawaii’s Mauna Loa, begun in 1958 by Dr. Charles Keeling. It is the longest-running such measurement in the world. The curve was instrumental in showing how human emissions of carbon dioxide were steadily accumulating in Earth's atmosphere, and raised awareness that human-caused climate change was an ever-increasing threat to the stability of our climate. After Keeling's death in 2005, the measurements were continued by his son, Ralph F. Keeling. Support from NSF, NOAA and NASA is being diminished or withdrawn, and Keeling has turned to crowd-funding to help raise funds to continue these important measurements. I hope you can join me in making a donation.


Figure 1. The Keeling Curve: climate change's most iconic image. The curve's steady year-by-year increase in CO2 due to burning of coal, oil, and natural gas has wriggles on top of it, due to the natural seasonal cycle in CO2--plants suck in CO2 during the Northern Hemisphere growing season, then release it during the winter. Image credit: Scripps Institution of Oceanography, USCD.


Figure 2. Dr. Charles Keeling posing at the entrance to the Charles Keeling Building at Mauna Loa, Hawaii. Image credit: NOAA/ESRL.

CO2 Levels Hit 401 ppm
The latest data from the Keeling curve website shows that atmospheric carbon dioxide levels are surging upwards in their usual late winter push, as plants return CO2 to the atmosphere before the Northern Hemisphere spring growing season hits. CO2 levels reached 401 ppm (parts per million) last week on top of Mauna Loa, setting a new record. CO2 levels were at 280 ppm in 1870, increased less than 1 ppm per year in the 1960s, then accelerated to 2 ppm per year during the 2000s. Less than 1% of the increase since 1870 has been due to natural sources, such as volcanoes. The last time carbon dioxide levels reached 400 ppm—between 2.5 and 5 million years ago during the Pliocene Era—the Earth was 3.5 to 9° F warmer (2 to 5° C), and sea levels were 65 to 80 feet higher.

Links
There is a hashtag #savetheKeelingCurve
Eli Rabett's post, Shaking the Cup for Science
What Does 400 ppm Look Like? December 2013 blog post by Robert Monroe of the Scripps Institution of Oceanography.




Senate holds all-nighter on climate change
A group of 31 U.S. Senators pulled an all-nighter last night on the floor of the U.S. Senate, taking turns from 9 pm Monday night until 9 am Tuesday morning to promote policy actions on climate change. Many of the Senators involved issued tweets using the hashtag #Up4Climate. The all-nighter was another indication that politicians are becoming increasingly bold about speaking up on climate change.

Latest Version of our WunderMap App Now Includes WunderPhotos
Weather Underground has released today a new version of our WunderMap app for iPhone and iPad. The main new feature that we'd like to highlight is the WunderPhotos layer--now users can view, share, and submit photos all from within the app. Here are a few of the features of the new version of the WunderMap app:

◦ Improved Weather Station display, and both station size and station spacing are now adjustable (Weather Stations Layer ⇒ Settings).
◦ New WunderPhotos layer! View, share, and submit beautiful weather photos.
◦ Fixed incorrect elevation for some Personal Weather Stations.
◦ Swipe-to-delete search history items.
◦ "Terrain/Satellite” and other map options made more prominent.
◦ Bug fixes (crashes, visual glitches, and usability enhancements).
◦ Optimized performance across all devices.


The latest version is available to download for iPhone and iPad at https://itunes.apple.com/app/wundermap/id364884105?mt=8.

Jeff Masters

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Climate chief warns battle to curb warming is becoming harder


By Pilita Clark, Environment Correspondent

March 11, 2014 5:48 pm

The struggle to curb global warming is becoming increasingly fraught and costly, the head of the world’s leading climate science authority has warned.
“We will have to work much harder to win this battle now than we would have been required to do 10 or 15 years ago,” Rajendra Pachauri, chairman of the UN’s Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, told the FT in an interview.


Speaking in London, Dr Pachauri said he was still optimistic the world would find a way of curbing the man-made greenhouse gas emissions that scientists say are warming the planet to potentially dangerous levels.
“The challenge is daunting but I don’t for a moment feel pessimistic,” he said, explaining there were many examples of technical advances and political actions underway to combat the problem.

The IPCC was set up in 1988 to give governments an expert assessment of how the climate is changing, and why. It will release the latest section of its fifth lengthy report at the end of this month.
Each of its assessments has confirmed what it says is unequivocal warming, caused largely by emissions of carbon dioxide, the main man-made greenhouse gas, produced by burning fossil fuels such as coal and gas.
However, carbon emissions have kept steadily increasing over the lifetime of the IPCC and last year rose to more than 400 parts per million, the highest level in millions of years.

Average global temperatures have already risen 0.85C over the past century, and governments have agreed this rise should not exceed 2C, though there is evidence that even 1.5C of warming could be risky.
Sea levels have also risen and Arctic summer sea ice has retreated faster than many scientists were predicting only a few years ago. Meanwhile, there is evidence that heatwaves are increasing in intensity in some parts of the world, along with heavy rainfalls.
The IPCC’s new report is expected to confirm that the cost of containing climate change will rise the longer governments wait to reduce emissions.
Dr Pachauri said: “We will be looking at the costs of mitigation in next month’s report but in our last report in 2007, we said if you want to stabilise temperature increases to no more than 2C – 2.4C at the least cost, then 2015 is the year when C02 emissions will need to peak.”

The world’s governments have made two big attempts to come up with a global agreement on cutting greenhouse gas emissions in the past 17 years.
The first was the 1997 Kyoto protocol, a treaty that was supposed to lead wealthy countries to cut their emissions by about 5 per cent from 1990 levels.
It has been seen as a failure because the US, then the world’s largest emitter, failed to ratify it and large developing countries such as China, now the biggest emitter, were never bound by it.
The second push came in 2009 at a meeting of world leaders in Copenhagen that was supposed to come up with a new deal but instead ended acrimoniously after failing to produce a stringent, binding agreement.
Governments are now negotiating a new binding treaty that is due to be agreed at the end of next year [2015] in Paris, and take effect from 2020.
There are already concerns that this attempt will also founder.

However, the head of the UN body that organises the negotiations, Christiana Figueres, said in London this week there was evidence governments now trusted each other to act far more than they did in 2009 at Copenhagen, especially China and the US.
“I am very hopeful about the US-China conversation and confident that both will be leaders in the agreement,” she said, pointing out Washington and Beijing had been holding their own talks about boosting co-operation on climate change.
In addition, each has been taking domestic action to curb emissions. China has said it will rein in emissions from coal-fired power plants that are contributing to dangerous levels of air pollution, and has also launched pilot carbon markets.
The Obama administration has taken steps to regulate coal plant emissions.
In addition, Ms Figueres said a report this month by the Globe International legislators group found nearly 500 climate laws have now been passed in countries around the world, up from fewer than 100 in 2002 and under 40 in 1997.

Among 66 nations accounting for almost 90 per cent of global emissions, eight passed key climate legislation last year, while another 19 made what Globe called “positive advances”.
However some countries, notably Australia, had taken steps to repeal existing climate laws and the combined sum of governments’ actions so far is unlikely to halt rising emissions soon.
Member Since: July 3, 2005 Posts: 427 Comments: 129444
Quoting washingtonian115:
Even a little rain is better excitement then sun glaring in your eye while walking.I couldn't see if the cross walk said go or stop.

I can't see anything on a bright, sunny day without sunglasses. I really can't see much on an overcast, gloomy day either. I need some overcast gloomy glasses.
Member Since: October 2, 2004 Posts: 0 Comments: 17045
Governor O’Malley Announces $20 Million in Cold Weather Energy Bill Assistance


Member Since: August 19, 2006 Posts: 13 Comments: 16215
Quoting PedleyCA:


Only the stray animals we feed!!!

My dog and three cats. They'd polish me off pretty quick and then be cranked off because there was no one to fill their food bowls.

I must say that it's extraordinary that some people have the entire human race dying off, and even sound a little gleeful at the prospect.
Member Since: October 2, 2004 Posts: 0 Comments: 17045


Fell out of the 80's as forecast. Today was 54.9F/76.7F
Normal is 46F/71F
Member Since: February 29, 2012 Posts: 0 Comments: 6106
Quoting 395. Patrap:
it no longer matters why its happening

Really, I think if Man disappeared altogether et al tomorrow, the World would heal a lot faster.

But then again, who would miss us?

The Bee's?





lets finish the game

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Remember god died so you might have life.No greater love is there than to lay down your life for another.Even if i do not agree with most everything posted here i still love you guys,god bless and enjoy the rest of your day or night.
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Is there no Help for those who will surely need A/C come the summa' ?

We want to be Fair and seasonally Balanced here...like that one station on cable.
Member Since: July 3, 2005 Posts: 427 Comments: 129444
Stay warm everyone and donate all u can to those who cannot afford to pay the heating bills this winter also next winter could be worse with the sky rocketing energy costs.Less energy production means there will be a burden to keep the people of the world warm.
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Quoting 396. PedleyCA:


Only the stray animals we feed!!!


You don't feed the stray Humans do you ?

; P
Member Since: July 3, 2005 Posts: 427 Comments: 129444
Quoting 388. TropicalAnalystwx13:


At first glance I was wondering why you posted a picture of Lee.
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Quoting 395. Patrap:
it no longer matters why its happening

Really, I think if Man disappeared altogether et al tomorrow, the World would heal a lot faster.

But then again, who would miss us?

The Bee's?




Only the stray animals we feed!!!
Member Since: February 29, 2012 Posts: 0 Comments: 6106
it no longer matters why its happening

Really, I think if Man disappeared altogether et al tomorrow, the World would heal a lot faster.

But then again, who would miss us?

The Bee's?


Member Since: July 3, 2005 Posts: 427 Comments: 129444
Quoting 390. washingtonian115:
Even a little rain is better excitement then sun glaring in your eye while walking.I couldn't see if the cross walk said go or stop.



first the rain then the glaze

flash freeze event
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Quoting 389. KEEPEROFTHEGATE:


yes it really is

just let effects events facts speak for themselves



They seem to have a hard time communicating that without punctuating though.

: )
Member Since: July 3, 2005 Posts: 427 Comments: 129444
it no longer matters why its happening

it is happening
and will continue to do so

faster and faster

she goes
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There is no Planet B.
Member Since: July 3, 2005 Posts: 427 Comments: 129444
Quoting 368. ILwthrfan:


You've done this to yourself several times this year washi with the whole "this weather is boring" and then it's like clockwork the following day...;)
Even a little rain is better excitement then sun glaring in your eye while walking.I couldn't see if the cross walk said go or stop.
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Quoting 386. Xulonn:
Yes - the denialists keep bringing up the same debunked b.s., and those who understand climate science feel obligated rebut it yet again.

Boring and bandwidth wasting, isn't it?


yes it really is

just let effects events facts speak for themselves
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Quoting 306. jpsb:
Yeah tens of thousand of nuclear bombs going off very minute in the deep oceans where nobody can see them. I am curious how warm water sinks below cold water. And I am even more curious how a cool ocean warms a warm atmosphere.
You have much to learn yet, Grasshopper!
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Quoting 305. TropicalAnalystwx13:

I feel like we repeat this exact same conversation at least once a week.
Yes - the denialists keep bringing up the same debunked b.s., and those who understand climate science feel obligated rebut it yet again.

Boring and bandwidth wasting, isn't it?
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there is a storm coming
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Quoting 350. sar2401:

{sigh} I have the misfortune of having Meniere's Disease. In addition to making me deaf in one ear and causing amazing bouts of vertigo, it ended my avocations of flying airplanes and scuba diving. Even worse, one of the triggers is alcohol, so I can't even have a sip of beer or wine unless I want to spend eight hours flat on back barfing. It's really fun. I so miss a glass of red wine but at least the disease is not fatal and I haven't gone completely deaf.

I was reading an article about past El Ninos the other day. The 82-83 El Nino, one of the strongest ever, was "declared" only after the 3 month mean ONI value anomaly shot up 2.2 degrees centigrade...in one month (January, 1982). By that time, California was already having massive flooding. 94-95 rose at almost exactly the same rate as the El Nino years of 91-92...and then quit for no apparent reason. I think it's interesting to read about ENSO things from people a lot smarter than me but, looking at history, we are really, really bad when it comes to predicting an El Nino.


We're not nearly as bad as we used to be. We started understanding the dynamics of them in the late 1970s although simple equatorially trapped kelvin waves propagate several times faster than El Ninos actually progress so coupling with the atmosphere clearly modulates their evolution (and that's as far as I got with it in grad school before moving on to other topics). If it weren't for the coupling, the ocean would have shown its whole hand with the first kelvin wave and forecasting would be a lot easier.
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Quoting 378. Dakster:


I wasn't complaining...

And are you ready for more snow?
I didn't mean for it to sound rude.But yes I'm ready for one last snow event to bring RNA past 25 inches and mean up to 60 for the winter season.Not bad for the winter and would be the most I had since 09-010.It definitely made up for the past three winters.
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Huzza! Our first blizzard warning in MANY years! I finally get to enjoy one without either being too young to remember, or dating the queen of psychos.

http://forecast.weather.gov/showsigwx.php?warnzon e=NYZ014&warncounty=NYC069&firewxzone=NYZ014&local _place1=&product1=Blizzard+Warning#.Ux-24PldX_E
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Quoting 376. washingtonian115:
I'm moving on to weather now.The euro shows 2 snow storms next week. If that were to come to fruition I wonder how rare that would be.


I wasn't complaining...

And are you ready for more snow?
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expecting 25 cm of snow followed by the second large ice storm of the year starting wed , southern new Brunswick has been slammed all winter by these monster storms . I like a good storm but this is getting ridiculous .
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Quoting 375. Dakster:


You are such a naughty girl, Washi.

I'm moving on to weather now.The euro shows 2 snow storms next week. If that were to come to fruition I wonder how rare that would be.
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Quoting 373. washingtonian115:
My mind is somewhere else with this statement.Lol.To late I already did.LMAO.


You are such a naughty girl, Washi.

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Quoting 372. Dakster:


How about organizing it with NOAA and starting it yourself?


Okay.
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Quoting 352. KoritheMan:

Can I make a that's what she said joke?

Too late. I already did.
My mind is somewhere else with this statement.Lol.To late I already did.LMAO.
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Quoting 370. Thunderfan:
You know what. Augusta, GA is not near a NOAA Doppler radar site. Is there a fund raising site I can contribute to get a NOAA Doppler radar about 15 miles east of Augusta?


How about organizing it with NOAA and starting it yourself?
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Aww my hearts and prayers go out to all the passengers and crew members onboard flight 370. Innocent people don't deserve to die like this not with the way improvements have been made to air safety. This is why I always wish family and friends a safe trip.

Crowdsourcing volunteers comb satellite photos for Malaysia Airlines jet

(CNN) -- You -- the person now reading this story -- can help experts solve the mystery of what happened to Malaysia Airlines Flight 370, which disappeared over the open sea.

Aerial view of search is 'reality check'
In fact, thousands of aspiring good Samaritans are volunteering their time to scour part of the plane's search zone using detailed satellite images posted online by DigitalGlobe, a Colorado firm that owns one of the world's most advanced commercial satellite networks.

So many volunteers have joined the effort that the firm's website -- with its pinpoint pictures of everything floating in the ocean -- has crashed.
It is a busy week for "crowdsourcing," the Internet phenomenon where information is gathered from John and Jane Q. Public -- people like you -- and from your social media postings.

"This is a real needle-in-the-haystack problem, except the haystack is in the middle of the ocean," Luke Barrington of DigitalGlobe told CNN affiliate KMGH. "I will ask you to mark anything that looks interesting, any signs of wreckage or life rafts."

DigitalGlobe's satellite photos taken 400 miles above the Gulf of Thailand can capture a detail as small as a home plate. The challenge is finding the manpower to scour 1,235 square miles of such images on one of DigitalGlobe's websites, Tomnod.com -- with more pictures to be posted this week from satellites above the Strait of Malacca, said Abby Van Uum, an Edelman publicist retained by DigitalGlobe.

Man spots a floating plane in satellite photo, but it could be a boat too, he says.

Link
Member Since: June 30, 2013 Posts: 12 Comments: 8774
You know what. Augusta, GA is not near a NOAA Doppler radar site. Is there a fund raising site I can contribute to get a NOAA Doppler radar about 15 miles east of Augusta?
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Quoting 258. washingtonian115:
At least the weather will be interesting tomorrow...Finally!.


You've done this to yourself several times this year washi with the whole "this weather is boring" and then it's like clockwork the following day...;)
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Quoting 366. trHUrrIXC5MMX:
Spring around the corner in my calendar...
Any possible retired hurricanes for 2013 anyone?

- Manuel?
- Ingrid?

Maybe Manuel. that's it
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Spring around the corner in my calendar...
Any possible retired hurricanes for 2013 anyone?

- Manuel?
- Ingrid?
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Quoting 145. PalmBeachWeather:
How are you Max...Lot's going on right now...Planning a big move. I will let everyone know if it happens...I am doing well . Stubbed my toe and cried but much better now.....LOL

I see... keep us up to your latest whereabouts!
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http://www.localsyr.com/weather

Not expecting as much as other places, but here a little NE of Syracuse the attitude is "Another snowy mess to deal with, hope it's almost over". Pleasant night everyone.
Bob
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The lowest pressure in the country is now at Jefferson City, MO.
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Quoting DonnieBwkGA:
Robert Simpson's middle name is.....Homer.

It would be interesting to find out where the TV name came from. Seems quite a coincidence.
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Quoting Thunderfan:


Well at least they are asking for donations instead of demanding tax increases...

You have a point there.
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Quoting Naga5000:


The last one fizzled for me in Orlando. I can't really be sure. Unscientifically, I think it will depend if I need to be outdoors at the time the blob passes.

So true. I have to take the dog for a walk in about 15 minutes and I can almost guarantee a shower at that time. :-)
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Quoting 357. DonnieBwkGA:
Meteorologist behind hurricane scale, Robert Simpson, honored at 101 years of age
Hadn't realized Simpson was so old. Glad to see he's still healthy.
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Jeff co-founded the Weather Underground in 1995 while working on his Ph.D. He flew with the NOAA Hurricane Hunters from 1986-1990.

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