Save the Keeling Curve!

By: Dr. Jeff Masters , 2:13 PM GMT on March 11, 2014

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Climate change's most iconic research project is in danger--a victim of budget cuts in an era of increased government belt-tightening. The Keeling Curve is a measurement of the concentration of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere made atop Hawaii’s Mauna Loa, begun in 1958 by Dr. Charles Keeling. It is the longest-running such measurement in the world. The curve was instrumental in showing how human emissions of carbon dioxide were steadily accumulating in Earth's atmosphere, and raised awareness that human-caused climate change was an ever-increasing threat to the stability of our climate. After Keeling's death in 2005, the measurements were continued by his son, Ralph F. Keeling. Support from NSF, NOAA and NASA is being diminished or withdrawn, and Keeling has turned to crowd-funding to help raise funds to continue these important measurements. I hope you can join me in making a donation.


Figure 1. The Keeling Curve: climate change's most iconic image. The curve's steady year-by-year increase in CO2 due to burning of coal, oil, and natural gas has wriggles on top of it, due to the natural seasonal cycle in CO2--plants suck in CO2 during the Northern Hemisphere growing season, then release it during the winter. Image credit: Scripps Institution of Oceanography, USCD.


Figure 2. Dr. Charles Keeling posing at the entrance to the Charles Keeling Building at Mauna Loa, Hawaii. Image credit: NOAA/ESRL.

CO2 Levels Hit 401 ppm
The latest data from the Keeling curve website shows that atmospheric carbon dioxide levels are surging upwards in their usual late winter push, as plants return CO2 to the atmosphere before the Northern Hemisphere spring growing season hits. CO2 levels reached 401 ppm (parts per million) last week on top of Mauna Loa, setting a new record. CO2 levels were at 280 ppm in 1870, increased less than 1 ppm per year in the 1960s, then accelerated to 2 ppm per year during the 2000s. Less than 1% of the increase since 1870 has been due to natural sources, such as volcanoes. The last time carbon dioxide levels reached 400 ppm—between 2.5 and 5 million years ago during the Pliocene Era—the Earth was 3.5 to 9° F warmer (2 to 5° C), and sea levels were 65 to 80 feet higher.

Links
There is a hashtag #savetheKeelingCurve
Eli Rabett's post, Shaking the Cup for Science
What Does 400 ppm Look Like? December 2013 blog post by Robert Monroe of the Scripps Institution of Oceanography.




Senate holds all-nighter on climate change
A group of 31 U.S. Senators pulled an all-nighter last night on the floor of the U.S. Senate, taking turns from 9 pm Monday night until 9 am Tuesday morning to promote policy actions on climate change. Many of the Senators involved issued tweets using the hashtag #Up4Climate. The all-nighter was another indication that politicians are becoming increasingly bold about speaking up on climate change.

Latest Version of our WunderMap App Now Includes WunderPhotos
Weather Underground has released today a new version of our WunderMap app for iPhone and iPad. The main new feature that we'd like to highlight is the WunderPhotos layer--now users can view, share, and submit photos all from within the app. Here are a few of the features of the new version of the WunderMap app:

◦ Improved Weather Station display, and both station size and station spacing are now adjustable (Weather Stations Layer ⇒ Settings).
◦ New WunderPhotos layer! View, share, and submit beautiful weather photos.
◦ Fixed incorrect elevation for some Personal Weather Stations.
◦ Swipe-to-delete search history items.
◦ "Terrain/Satellite” and other map options made more prominent.
◦ Bug fixes (crashes, visual glitches, and usability enhancements).
◦ Optimized performance across all devices.


The latest version is available to download for iPhone and iPad at https://itunes.apple.com/app/wundermap/id364884105?mt=8.

Jeff Masters

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507. Birthmark
12:03 PM GMT on March 12, 2014
Quoting 503. georgevandenberghe:


Ice will persist on the Canadian coast for several to many years after it melts out everywhere else. In my bet I'd bet on when 89N and poleward is completely ice free so Santa is swimming

With the right (or wrong) weather, that easily could be this year.
Member Since: October 30, 2005 Posts: 7 Comments: 5469
506. islander101010
12:00 PM GMT on March 12, 2014
drizzle.70f..e.cen.fl
Member Since: September 11, 2010 Posts: 1 Comments: 4362
505. pwmeek
11:49 AM GMT on March 12, 2014
Keeling Curve contribution - done.
Member Since: March 26, 2002 Posts: 0 Comments: 17
504. georgevandenberghe
11:49 AM GMT on March 12, 2014
Quoting 475. sar2401:

Yours too, huh?. Mine always drags things to his bed, even if they are empty. I guess he hopes a food fairy will come by and refill it. He has snatched things off counters in literally seconds. There is a price to pay if you have pets.


My german shephard managed to pick up loaded plates off the dining room table and silently carry them horizontally to a favored spot for eating. She also taught the poodle house rules.. things like
"over here They never look here"

My lab likes cat food and can open the cans through brute force to get it. We keep it high on a shelf but the cats have figured out that if they knock it off, the dog will open it and they will get some.


Member Since: February 1, 2012 Posts: 17 Comments: 1630
503. georgevandenberghe
11:44 AM GMT on March 12, 2014
Quoting 497. Birthmark:

I, too, think you'd be out five bucks. I think a year or two later is a decent (but no means sure bet) for the Arctic to be ice free (less than 1 million sq km of ice).


Ice will persist on the Canadian coast for several to many years after it melts out everywhere else. In my bet I'd bet on when 89N and poleward is completely ice free so Santa is swimming
Member Since: February 1, 2012 Posts: 17 Comments: 1630
502. Waltanater
11:33 AM GMT on March 12, 2014
Quoting 469. BaltimoreBrian:
Maybe, just maybe, the airline was landed on an abandoned airstrip near the giant caves of Aceh, where it was chopped up and hidden during the predawn and the passengers are being kept inside a cave.

I thought I'd throw that out here.
You're a genius!
Member Since: May 16, 2010 Posts: 0 Comments: 1455
501. Birthmark
11:29 AM GMT on March 12, 2014
Quoting 500. Naga5000:


I've always felt the unicorn races were too pretentious.

Hipster.
Member Since: October 30, 2005 Posts: 7 Comments: 5469
Quoting 499. Birthmark:

I hope so, too...but I think I have a better chance of taking loading up my Bugatti with four supermodels to use my front row seats at the unicorn races.


I've always felt the unicorn races were too pretentious.
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Quoting 496. PatrioticThinking:
I only hope the world governments and leaders as well as the wealthy, Finally decide money and profit are not as important as Mother Earth.  We need a healthy planet for the sake of all humanity.. And such reading like this are essential in curing her sickness. Or well kill the bacteria " US " that will work too...

I hope so, too...but I think I have a better chance of taking loading up my Bugatti with four supermodels to use my front row seats at the unicorn races.
Member Since: October 30, 2005 Posts: 7 Comments: 5469
I know I was joking but the sad joke is we are forcing a climate change on earth so rapid and drastic its scarey and at  the rate of change. Forcing us into a disastrous world wide scenario, some of the ignorant argue that well CO2 was higher PPMs millions of years ago so were okay. NO that took Millennium  upon Millennium  to change not a single human lifespan.  I feel bad for my three children.
Quoting 495. yonzabam:


I think you'd lose that one. 2025 maybe. Even when the Arctic Ocean is ice free in September, there will still be persistent ice shelves projecting into the sea from northern Greenland and the Canadian islands.

Of course, this will allow climate change deniers to claim that it isn't 'ice free'.

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Quoting 494. PatrioticThinking:
Five bucks says were Arctic ice free by 2015....


I, too, think you'd be out five bucks. I think a year or two later is a decent (but no means sure bet) for the Arctic to be ice free (less than 1 million sq km of ice).
Member Since: October 30, 2005 Posts: 7 Comments: 5469
I only hope the world governments and leaders as well as the wealthy, Finally decide money and profit are not as important as Mother Earth.  We need a healthy planet for the sake of all humanity.. And such reading like this are essential in curing her sickness. Or well kill the bacteria " US " that will work too...
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting 494. PatrioticThinking:
Five bucks says were Arctic ice free by 2015....



I think you'd lose that one. 2025 maybe. Even when the Arctic Ocean is ice free in September, there will still be persistent ice shelves projecting into the sea from northern Greenland and the Canadian islands.

Of course, this will allow climate change deniers to claim that it isn't 'ice free'.
Member Since: July 20, 2008 Posts: 0 Comments: 2913
Five bucks says were Arctic ice free by 2015....
Quoting 492. yonzabam:
It begins


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Quoting 492. yonzabam:
It begins


Maybe, maybe not. From what I've read over on the Arctic Sea Ice Forum, there's about a 75% chance that it's begun. But if not now, then sometime in the next week or two.
Member Since: October 30, 2005 Posts: 7 Comments: 5469
It begins

Member Since: July 20, 2008 Posts: 0 Comments: 2913
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Good morning, afternoon and evening, everyone. It's 57 degrees with 100% humidity. The high is supposed to be 62, so what is is what will be today. We're under a wind advisory for sustained winds of 20 to 34 mph until about four this afternoon. Tonight the temp drops back down to 34. But Spring is here. My town has flowering pear trees that line the roads leading in and out of town and up and down the streets in town. All are bright white in blossoms, beautiful!

Breakfast's on the sideboard: steak, eggs and hash browns, Belgian waffles with strawberries or powdered sugar, croissants, creamy oatmeal with blueberries, cinnamon streusel coffee cake, omelets with cheese, mushrooms, peppers and diced ham or bacon, Oversize Breakfast Biscuits with sausage patties and strawberry jelly on the side, bagels with cream cheese and jelly, thick slices of fried honey ham, cheesy grits and shrimp, cheese Danishes, yogurt, fresh fruit and orange, apple or pineapple juice. Regular and decaf coffee with flavored creamers to the side. Enjoy!
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Good Morning!...........................
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The snow is intensifying in Metro Detroit with conditions deteriorating rapidly. The winter storm warning was expanded farther north last night and areas south of I-69 are still expected to get 5-9".



This weather is a far cry from two years ago when a tornado, rated an EF-1, touched down on this date in Midland County. This tornado is tied for the second earliest tornado in SE MI since 1950. This was also during the period when temperatures were much above average in the 60s, 70s, and even 80s.
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"Support from NSF, NOAA and NASA is being diminished or withdrawn"

That is sabotage. Exxon infiltration maybe? Those institutes in their right mind would save the measurements if nothing else could be saved!
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Quoting 477. jpsb:
... no one is arguing the Earth has not warmed, it has been warming since the end of the little ice age (1850). Ice age ends Earth warms, ice age starts Earth cools. Pretty simple if you spend a moment or two thinking about it.

LOL. A four year old climate revisionist on the magic.
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since no one else cares about the South Pacific, cause i need my cyclone fix. gotta love far out models
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I sent a few bucks to help keep the Keeling observations going...pathetic that there is plenty of money for oil wars but not enough to check on the living planet
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Quoting 477. jpsb:
See 103, and yes I know what upwelling is. I just get tired of the CAGW people talking about Hiroshima bombs per second when it fact the ocean warming, if it exists at all, is .003C basically noise considering the measurements are taken by 3,000 or so instruments. And no one is arguing the Earth has not warmed, it has been warming since the end of the little ice age (1850). Ice age ends Earth warms, ice age starts Earth cools. Pretty simple if you spend a moment or two thinking about it.

So, the Earth just warms up and cools down because...magic? I ask because the causes of both the beginning and ending of the LIA are reasonably well known. Those causes don't explain the current warming, since the late 1970s.
Member Since: October 30, 2005 Posts: 7 Comments: 5469
Quoting BaltimoreBrian:
Sample ImageClick
to
Visit4hiroshimas.com

Say what???
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Quoting jpsb:
See 103, and yes I know what upwelling is. I just get tired of the CAGW people talking about Hiroshima bombs per second when it fact the ocean warming, if it exists at all, is .003C basically noise considering the measurements are taken by 3,000 or so instruments. And no one is arguing the Earth has not warmed, it has been warming since the end of the little ice age (1850). Ice age ends Earth warms, ice age starts Earth cools. Pretty simple if you spend a moment or two thinking about it.

It's also pretty simple to look at temperature graphs and see that the warming has accelerated markedly since 1900. I have no idea what the correct numbers are for human contribution to warming, but I know it's not zero. Where did you come up .003C for the ocean warming? That contradicts what those 3,000 sensors say.
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Chicago begins to snow
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Quoting BaltimoreBrian:
New Zealand MetService TV National Forecast

If he ever lost his arms his career as a TV meteorologist would be through. :-) Certainly a lot more fun to watch than my local mets droning on in a monotone about things the average person neither knows or cares about.
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477. jpsb
Quoting 472. sar2401:

I have no idea what you're talking about. How about responding to the post you quoted instead of making inane remarks.
See 103, and yes I know what upwelling is. I just get tired of the CAGW people talking about Hiroshima bombs per second when it fact the ocean warming, if it exists at all, is .003C basically noise considering the measurements are taken by 3,000 or so instruments. And no one is arguing the Earth has not warmed, it has been warming since the end of the little ice age (1850). Ice age ends Earth warms, ice age starts Earth cools. Pretty simple if you spend a moment or two thinking about it.
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Quoting nonblanche:
Time for my pre-bedtime note.

Chilly day; still pretty breezy. Struggled to get out of the 40's, and warm-ish in the sun, but chilly for every cloud. Regardless, we got yet another 4'x8' concrete slab poured in our ongoing workshop expansion project. The 10 year old is getting better at screeding and floating, and with a small power mixer we can go pretty quick, 2 bags at a time.

Breeze calmed around sunset, but picked up again a couple hours ago. Still likely to be in the high 20's in the morning. Solar greenhouse is doing ok, all the lettuces and stuff are sprouting nice. Beautiful moon out there tonight.

Not sure what to say for all the folks who treat radio personalities as environmental gurus. Guess we'll see who's right soon enough.

Good night!

p.s. The lab ate the leftover steak chunks from last night that I was using for tonight's curry. Just turned my back for a couple minutes, and poof. She sure looked remorseful, though. That is, when I showed her the empty container sitting on the dog blanket.

Yours too, huh?. Mine always drags things to his bed, even if they are empty. I guess he hopes a food fairy will come by and refill it. He has snatched things off counters in literally seconds. There is a price to pay if you have pets.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting BaltimoreBrian:
Maybe, just maybe, the airline was landed on an abandoned airstrip near the giant caves of Aceh, where it was chopped up and hidden during the predawn and the passengers are being kept inside a cave.


Well, at least that's one bizarre theory I haven't heard before. :-)
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Quoting 471. BaltimoreBrian:
Cody would know ;)


Now, now. Everyone has their... guilty (or perhaps not so guilty) pleasures. No need to single poor 'ol Cody out. :)
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Quoting jpsb:


Get back to me when you learn how to do simple division. (.00095)

I have no idea what you're talking about. How about responding to the post you quoted instead of making inane remarks.
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Quoting 464. TropicalAnalystwx13:
Nathan wouldn't have hard drive failures if he wouldn't go on sites he's not supposed to. :)
Cody would know ;)
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470. jpsb
Quoting 327. sar2401:

Good grief. You've never heard of upwelling, where deeper, colder water displaces warmer surface water? As far as cold oceans, I can see you've never been scuba diving in the Caribbean when the water temperature was 91...or Fiji, where it 93 (I kid you not). There is a lot of the ocean that's very warm.

Why do you want to dispute things that are irrefutable scientific facts? I'm certainly a skeptic when it comes to the "suggestions" (sorry, Birthmark) of the results of global warming but there's no doubt the world is warming. Having the warming slow down is not the same as the warming reversing. I'm all in favor debating the likely effects of global warming, but you do yourself and the blog no favors by trying to say things that are clearly true really aren't. At least mix your reading from denialist websites with some from GW "alarmists" and come to sensible conclusions.


Get back to me when you learn how to do simple division. (.00095)
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Maybe, just maybe, the airline was landed on an abandoned airstrip near the giant caves of Aceh, where it was chopped up and hidden during the predawn and the passengers are being kept inside a cave.

I thought I'd throw that out here.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Time for my pre-bedtime note.

Chilly day; still pretty breezy. Struggled to get out of the 40's, and warm-ish in the sun, but chilly for every cloud. Regardless, we got yet another 4'x8' concrete slab poured in our ongoing workshop expansion project. The 10 year old is getting better at screeding and floating, and with a small power mixer we can go pretty quick, 2 bags at a time.

Breeze calmed around sunset, but picked up again a couple hours ago. Still likely to be in the high 20's in the morning. Solar greenhouse is doing ok, all the lettuces and stuff are sprouting nice. Beautiful moon out there tonight.

Not sure what to say for all the folks who treat radio personalities as environmental gurus. Guess we'll see who's right soon enough.

Good night!

p.s. The lab ate the leftover steak chunks from last night that I was using for tonight's curry. Just turned my back for a couple minutes, and poof. She sure looked remorseful, though. That is, when I showed her the empty container sitting on the dog blanket.
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Quoting 464. TropicalAnalystwx13:

Nathan wouldn't have hard drive failures if he wouldn't go on sites he's not supposed to. :)


All those free web cams
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466. Skyepony (Mod)
Environment Pollution in Canada on Wednesday, 12 March, 2014 at 04:27 (04:27 AM) UTC.
Description
A radioactive metal from the Fukushima nuclear plant disaster in Japan has been discovered in the Fraser Valley, causing researchers to raise the alarm about the long-term impact of radiation on B.C.'s west coast. Examination of a soil sample from Kilby Provincial Park, near Agassiz, has for the first time in this province found Cesium 134, further evidence of Fukushima radioactivity being transported to Canada by air and water. "That was a surprise," said Juan Jose Alava, an adjunct professor in the school of resource and environmental management at Simon Fraser University, in an interview on Tuesday. "It means there are still emissions ... and trans-Pacific air pollution. It's a concern to us. This is an international issue." Cesium 134 has a half-life of two years, meaning its radioactivity is reduced by half during that time. Its presence in the environment is an indication of continuing contamination from Fukushima. A more persistent danger to people and marine life is radioactive Cesium 137, which has a half-life of 30 years, and bioaccumulates in the food chain. Researchers developed a model based on the diet of fish-eating killer whales along with the levels of Cesium 137 detected and predicted (less than 0.5 becquerels per cubic metre, a measurement of radioactivity) by other researchers in the Pacific waters offshore of Vancouver Island.

The models suggests that in 30 years, Cesium 137 levels in the whales will exceed the Canadian guideline of 1,000 becquerels per kilogram for consumption of seafood by humans �" 10 times the Japanese guideline. "It's a reference, the only benchmark we have to compare against," Alava said. He said recent federal government cutbacks have placed a greater burden of testing and monitoring for aquatic impacts on academics, non-governmental organizations and even private citizens. "The Canadian government is the one that should be doing something, should be taking action to keep monitoring to see how these contaminants are behaving, what are the levels, and what is next." It was a citizen, Aki Sano, who provided SFU with the soil sample from Kilby park, near the mouth of the Harrison River, on Nov. 16, 2013. Samples of chinook, sockeye and chum spawning salmon nearby are also being analyzed for evidence of radiation. While the soil sample tested positive for Cesium 134, the exact level is not yet known, although it is thought to be low. The plan now is to test soil samples from Burnaby Mountain, closer to Vancouver. Earlier research by Kris Starosta, associate professor of chemistry, and his colleagues at SFU has shown evidence of Iodine 131, which has a half-life of eight days, in rainwater and seaweeds in B.C. Fisheries and Oceans Canada conducted the analysis of sea water off Vancouver Island. An adult killer whale weighing up to 5,000 kilograms can eat five per cent of its body weight, or 250 kilograms of fish, per day. Endangered resident killer whales already face a host of challenges: the need for high-protein chinook salmon, habitat degradation, underwater noise pollution, harassment from whale watchers, and climate change. While the additional impact of Cesium 137 is unknown, it may negatively affect the immune system or endocrine system, Alava said.
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Quoting 464. TropicalAnalystwx13:

Nathan wouldn't have hard drive failures if he wouldn't go on sites he's not supposed to. :)


XD
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Quoting 462. BaltimoreBrian:
Astrometeor (Nathan) has had a probable hard drive failure on his computer and will be absent from wunderground the next few days. He emailed me from his mom's laptop.

Nathan wouldn't have hard drive failures if he wouldn't go on sites he's not supposed to. :)
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463. Skyepony (Mod)
Quoting 462. BaltimoreBrian:
Astrometeor (Nathan) has had a probable hard drive failure on his computer and will be absent from wunderground the next few days. He emailed me from his mom's laptop.

Tell him we grieve for his sad computer loss with him...
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Astrometeor (Nathan) has had a probable hard drive failure on his computer and will be absent from wunderground the next few days. He emailed me from his mom's laptop.
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461. Skyepony (Mod)
Extreme Weather in India on Wednesday, 12 March, 2014 at 04:23 (04:23 AM) UTC.
Description
The entire Chenab Valley is under the grip of severe cold wave due to continuous rain and snowfall in several areas, hitting normal life badly. Two to three feet snow has accumulated in upper reaches of Chenab Valley while in plains heavy rainfall forced people to stay indoors. Reports said that people residing in upper reaches are facing hardships due to non-availability of food grains and kerosene oil and there is also acute shortage of essential commodities in various parts of Doda, Bhaderwah, Thathri, Gandoh, Bhallessa and villages of district Kishtwar. A number of link roads leading from tehsil headquarter to villages have also been damaged due to landslides and shooting stones. The district authorities of Kishtwar and Doda have announced closure of all educational institutions for two days due to severe cold and damage to link roads. Reports reaching here revealed that several residential houses were damaged due to heavy rainfall while landslides near Kora Pani in Assar and Raggi Nallah affected vehicular movement on Doda-Batote highway. Around 200 vehicles are reportedly stranded since last night on the highway. However, efforts are being made by GREF and R and B to clear the road for vehicular movement. Roads to Bhaderwah and Kishtwar are also closed due to heavy landslides at Drabshallah, Saroor, Chaingam, Palmar, Gandoh, Jai, Nalthi, Kellar, Behota Marmat road, Gundna Dhara Bhahore road, Chillotran Udhyanpur road and Bhagwah Kashtigarh road.
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Quoting etxwx:


I've always wanted a Mastiff named "Fluffy". :)

We're having nice spring like weather this week in East Texas, lots of things starting to bloom.
And with that, I'm calling it a day. G'night all.


GN, et. Lots of things coming into bloom here too. Nice time to be in the South.
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459. Skyepony (Mod)
mtsat is having an outage or something. (This will look normal again when it is over)..

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Exactly what I was afraid of...

Kuala Lumpur (AFP) - The search for a missing Malaysian jet swung northwest towards the Andaman Sea on Wednesday, far from its intended flight path, exposing Malaysia to mounting criticism that its response was in disarray.

What a poorly run search look like.
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457. etxwx
Quoting 456. sar2401:

I like Skippy. How about really big dog names, like Spike or Rex? Anything other than Arthur. He sounds like such a wimp. :-)


I've always wanted a Mastiff named "Fluffy". :)

We're having nice spring like weather this week in East Texas, lots of things starting to bloom.
And with that, I'm calling it a day. G'night all.

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Jeff co-founded the Weather Underground in 1995 while working on his Ph.D. He flew with the NOAA Hurricane Hunters from 1986-1990.