Record Cold in a Warming World

By: Dr. Jeff Masters , 2:58 PM GMT on March 04, 2014

Share this Blog
59
+

An impressive blast of Arctic air has toppled more records for all-time March cold over the Eastern U.S., in the wake of the major snowstorm that brought 4 - 8" of snow from Missouri to Maryland. Fresh snow is very efficient at radiating heat to space, and the 3.8" of snow that fell in Baltimore on Monday helped drive the temperature down to 5°F on Monday night, tying the city's all-time March low temperature record set on March 4, 1873. The temperature eventually dipped down to 4°F Tuesday morning, breaking the March record. Atlantic City, NJ, which got 5.5" of snow on Monday, also set a new all-time cold record for the month of March on Monday night, when the temperature fell to 2°F. The previous all-time low for the month of March was 3°F set on March 4, 2009. Official records for the Atlantic City area date back to 1874.

At least five other cities have set or tied all-time March cold temperature records during the current cold wave:

Charlottesville, Virginia set an all-time March low of 1°F Tuesday morning (previous record: 7°F on March 4, 1943.)

Billings, Montana set an all-time March low of -21° on March 2, 2014 (previous record: -19°.)

Pierre, South Dakota set an all-time March low on both March 1 and March 2, dipping to -20° (previous record: -19°F on March 11, 1998.)

Flint, Michigan set an all-time March low of -16° on March 3 (previous record: -12°.)

Rockford, Illinois tied its all-time March record low of -11° on March 3.

At least five U.S. cities have set records for their coldest winter on record, as detailed by wunderground's weather historian Christopher C. Burt in his latest blog post. He has not yet compiled a list of cities that have set a record for their warmest winter on record during 2013 - 2014, but I know of at least two: Las Vegas, Nevada, and Tucson, Arizona.


Figure 1. Departure of surface temperature from average as diagnosed by the GFS model at 00 UTC March 4, 2014. A negative phase of the Arctic Oscillation (AO) allowed cold air to spill southwards out of the Arctic over the Eastern U.S., bringing temperatures up to 36°F (20°C) below average. Compensating warm air flowed northwards into the Arctic underneath a ridge of high pressure over Europe. Data/image obtained using Climate Reanalyzer™ (http://cci-reanalyzer.org), Climate Change Institute, University of Maine, Orono, Maine.

How can a planet that is warming experience record cold?
This week's impressive cold blast brings up the question: How can a planet undergoing "global warming" experience record cold? Well, it's a big planet, and the weather has naturally crazy extremes. We expect to see many locations experience all-time daily and monthly cold records each month. It's just that the number of these cold records will be outnumbered by all-time heat records, when averaged over the globe, and over decades. It is called Global Warming for good reason! A 2009 study led by Dr. Jerry Meehl of the National Center for Atmospheric Research in Boulder, CO found that in the U.S., the ratio of the number of record daily highs to lows was near 1:1 in the 1960s and 1970s, but had increased to more than 2:1 during the decade of the 2000s, due to our warming climate. The ratio for the 2010’s was approximately 2.4-to-1 for daily records, for the four years 2010 - 2013, as explained in detail at Guy Walton's wunderblog. If "business as usual" emissions of heat-trapping gases like carbon dioxide continue this century, this ratio of record highs to record lows is expected to increase to 20:1 by the year 2050, and 50:1 by 2100. So, even on planet experiencing extreme global warming, we will still see a few record low temperatures in the 22nd Century.


Figure 2. Ratio of record daily highs to record daily lows observed at about 1,800 weather stations in the 48 contiguous United States from January 1950 through September 2009. Each bar shows the proportion of record highs (red) to record lows (blue) for each decade. The 1960s and 1970s saw slightly more record daily lows than highs, but in the last 30 years record highs have increasingly predominated, with the ratio now about two-to-one for the 48 states as a whole. ©UCAR, graphic by Mike Shibao; data from a 2009 study led by Dr. Jerry Meehl of the National Center for Atmospheric Research in Boulder, CO.

Two Years Ago: Summer in March
When we do break all-time heat records in the current warming climate, we should expect that some of these new records will crush the old records in phenomenal ways. That was the case during the astonishing U.S. record-breaking "Summer in March" heat wave just two years ago, in 2012. It was the warmest March on record for the contiguous U.S., 8.6°F above the 20th century average for March, and 0.5°F warmer than the previous warmest March in 1910. Of the more than 1,400 months that have passed since the U.S. record began in 1895, only one month, January 2006, had a larger departure from its average temperature than March 2012. Every state in the nation experienced a record warm daily temperature during March, and 25 states east of the Rockies had their warmest March on record. An additional 15 states had monthly temperatures ranking among their ten warmest. All-time March records were broken at 290 stations, with some stations breaking their all-time March record four times. There were 21 instances of the nighttime temperatures being as warm, or warmer, than the existing record daytime temperature for a given date. Four stations broke daily records by 30°F or more.


Figure 3. "This is the kind of sunset that you can expect to see in July, not in March. 77°F when I took this," said the caption on this wunderphoto taken on March 17, 2012 in Windom, Minnesota by wunderphotographer sally.

Jeff Masters

Apostle Islands Ice (walcek)
You drive on 3-ft. minimum thick ice for a couple miles out to these islands on frozen Lake Superior. (Saves on kayaking workout)
Apostle Islands Ice
Frozen Silence (RevMac)
No one else was out walking a very popular Nashville park on a frozen ice and snow storm day in early March.
Frozen Silence

Reader Comments

Comments will take a few seconds to appear.

Post Your Comments

Please sign in to post comments.

or Join

Not only will you be able to leave comments on this blog, but you'll also have the ability to upload and share your photos in our Wunder Photos section.

Display: 0, 50, 100, 200 Sort: Newest First - Order Posted

Viewing: 1033 - 983

Page: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21 | 22 | 23 | 24Blog Index

How does 10/6/2 sound for this hurricane season? With Arthur and Isaias both becoming major hurricanes. I think we bust the drought this year too. Everyone is going to be thinking El Nino here comes another quiet season, then the big one comes.
Member Since: June 30, 2013 Posts: 11 Comments: 7473
Quoting 1006. KoritheMan:

lol, I'm actually liking it. Anomalies intrigue me, regardless of their nature. >_>


True and I agree, but cold anomalies in March are gross.

If this were January, December, or even February, bring it on. However, I've had my share of winter and enjoyed it, I'm ready for Spring, not cold anomalies, lol.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting 1029. KoritheMan:

More like when there's another Katrina-type storm.

True
Member Since: Posts: Comments:

Quoting 1028. TropicalAnalystwx13:

What's a hurricane?
A miserable pile of wind and water.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:

Quoting 1027. nwobilderburg:


U say that now, but if there's another Katrina type storm, I think the lower portion of the state will be largely abandoned.
More like when there's another Katrina-type storm.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting 1023. KoritheMan:

On the contrary, one of the primary reasons I'd never leave Louisiana is the hurricanes.

What's a hurricane?
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting 1023. KoritheMan:

On the contrary, one of the primary reasons I'd never leave Louisiana is the hurricanes.


U say that now, but if there's another Katrina type storm, I think the lower portion of the state will be largely abandoned.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
1026. hydrus
Quoting 1012. KoritheMan:

Yeah, no foolin'. I was born in '91, so I am more than a little ecstatic I got to witnes such extremities.

Still lamenting that I've never seen overnight lows in the single digits, though, like where BR had a week of temperatures below 10F in 1989. Oh well.
The 1980,s had some cold winters indeed. I remember them well too.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
1025. Dakster
Quoting 1017. nwobilderburg:


True, but at least I don't have to worry about hurricanes every year. Just an earthquake every 30 years.


And wondering whether that will be the one that puts most of CA in the Ocean.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
1024. ncstorm
00z NAM

Member Since: August 19, 2006 Posts: 13 Comments: 14461

Quoting 1017. nwobilderburg:


True, but at least I don't have to worry about hurricanes every year. Just an earthquake every 30 years.
On the contrary, one of the primary reasons I'd never leave Louisiana is the hurricanes.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:

Quoting 1019. wxchaser97:

I take it your the person who would get disappointed when a record isn't broken, like me.
Correct. As boring as last year's hurricane season was, I still find it rather... endearing that we only had two hurricanes and no major hurricanes.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:

Quoting 1015. washingtonian115:
You didn't miss much with the 89 freeze besides more frozen pipes and pipes bursting all over the place making streets look like ice rinks for days.
Statistics don't lie though, wash. :)
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting 1018. ncstorm:


CFS..very long range but if its somewhat right and seeing still seeing the pattern we in now then dont expect to be wearing any shorts or short sleeves any time soon..

April



this winter will be nick named "The winter that won't end".I'll have to copy right that...
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting 1016. KoritheMan:

I'll fully admit I hate the cold, it's just the record part that captivates me. Anything unusual does.

I take it your the person who would get disappointed when a record isn't broken, like me.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
1018. ncstorm
Quoting 1008. hydrus:
I am tired of the cold. This was the coldest winter folks have seen here since 1985. And it definitely felt like it. I am concerned with this, so I will just watch the next few days to see what happens. I dont have to tell you with spring upon us, and the very cold air still being pushed far to the south, a serious severe weather outbreak is a distinct possibility. That is why I hope the Euro and GFS drop it.


CFS..very long range but if its somewhat right and seeing still seeing the pattern we in now then dont expect to be wearing any shorts or short sleeves any time soon..

April



Member Since: August 19, 2006 Posts: 13 Comments: 14461
Quoting 1014. KoritheMan:

Yeah dude... I could never live where you live. Weather is too benign to me.


True, but at least I don't have to worry about hurricanes every year. Just an earthquake every 30 years.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:

Quoting 1013. wxchaser97:

I like it because I like the cold, even in March. I also like approaching and breaking records, which has happened a lot this season.
I'll fully admit I hate the cold, it's just the record part that captivates me. Anything unusual does.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting 1012. KoritheMan:

Yeah, no foolin'. I was born in '91, so I am more than a little ecstatic I got to witnes such extremities.

Still lamenting that I've never seen overnight lows in the single digits, though, like where BR had a week of temperatures below 10F in 1989. Oh well.
You didn't miss much with the 89 freeze besides more frozen pipes and pipes bursting all over the place making streets look like ice rinks for days.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:

Quoting 1010. nwobilderburg:


Same. But then again, I live in California, so I'm not affected by anything but the drought.
Yeah dude... I could never live where you live. Weather is too benign to me.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting 1006. KoritheMan:

lol, I'm actually liking it. Anomalies intrigue me, regardless of their nature. >_>

I like it because I like the cold, even in March. I also like approaching and breaking records, which has happened a lot this season.

EDIT: I love the cold. Like doesn't describe the joy I get from frigid temperatures, just like love doesn't describe the joy I get from snowstorms.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:

Quoting 1008. hydrus:
I am tired of the cold. This was the coldest winter folks have seen here since 1985.
Yeah, no foolin'. I was born in '91, so I am more than a little ecstatic I got to witnes such extremities.

Still lamenting that I've never seen overnight lows in the single digits, though, like where BR had a week of temperatures below 10F in 1989. Oh well.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
1011. hydrus
Quoting 1004. sar2401:

Nope. Sorry. I have sworn off 192 hour models after the fiasco of the last week. I'll take a look when it's maybe four days out. Until then, all I see is sunny skies and warm spring temperatures ahead. :-)
I understand. I do not put as much confidence in the models as I do our local Mets..Models show what could happen, Mets tell whats likely to happen after evaluating all the models, and then add years of experience..Makes a big difference.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting 1006. KoritheMan:

lol, I'm actually liking it. Anomalies intrigue me, regardless of their nature. >_>


Same. But then again, I live in California, so I'm not affected by anything but the drought.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
This is nice
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
1008. hydrus
Quoting 1003. Jedkins01:


I'm definitely aware, but as scary as it is, I'm trying to pretend it it doesn't exist and hoping the GFS drops this garbage.
I am tired of the cold. This was the coldest winter folks have seen here since 1985. And it definitely felt like it. I am concerned with this, so I will just watch the next few days to see what happens. I dont have to tell you with spring upon us, and the very cold air still being pushed far to the south, a serious severe weather outbreak is a distinct possibility. That is why I hope the Euro and GFS drop it.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting 995. hydrus:
Anyone seen the latest GFS.?...I had to look twice to make sure I saw it correctly. If it did pan out, another shot of bitter cold air in mid March. We could have another record setting event with lows getting into the single digits over the Tennessee Valley, and teens for Northern Gulf States.

At that time a storm is suppose to be around.I can see the snow pilling up outside my window now.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:

Quoting 1003. Jedkins01:


I'm definitely aware, but as scary as it is, I'm trying to pretend it it doesn't exist and hoping the GFS drops this garbage.
lol, I'm actually liking it. Anomalies intrigue me, regardless of their nature. >_>
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
We could be in trouble REAL quickly in Western NC. Right now, that system WILL produce lot of rainfall over 1" for almost entire area west of I-95, but we're also very close to freezing in all layers of atmosphere. It only take one or two more degrees now to get devastating ice storm here and maybe two to three more degrees to get major snowstorm here. Right now, it's more likely we'll get lot of freezing rain since 850 mb is little too warm in most models.

This is for Thursday night, btw.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
1004. sar2401
Quoting hydrus:
Anyone seen the latest GFS.?...I had to look twice to make sure I saw it correctly. If it did pan out, another shot of bitter cold air in mid March. We could have another record setting event with lows getting into the single digits over the Tennessee Valley, and teens for Northern Gulf States.


Nope. Sorry. I have sworn off 192 hour models after the fiasco of the last week. I'll take a look when it's maybe four days out. Until then, all I see is sunny skies and warm spring temperatures ahead. :-)
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting 995. hydrus:
Anyone seen the latest GFS.?...I had to look twice to make sure I saw it correctly. If it did pan out, another shot of bitter cold air in mid March. We could have another record setting event with lows getting into the single digits over the Tennessee Valley, and teens for Northern Gulf States.



I'm definitely aware, but as scary as it is, I'm trying to pretend it it doesn't exist and hoping the GFS drops this garbage.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
1002. Gearsts
Quoting 961. TropicalAnalystwx13:

I wouldn't worry much about the PDO for the next 2-3 weeks, it typically loses a lot of its amplitude around this time. If you remember, it got very muddled around this time last year as well.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
1000. hydrus
Quoting 994. JrWeathermanFL:
My teachers never watch the local weather or the weather channel...
They rely on me to tell them what's going on.

I guess that's a plus...unless I give them a bad forecast and they give me an F on something..lol
There are many folks that couldnt care less about weather. If it rains, grab a brella. My Dad is one. I tell him a storm is coming, and within 3 seconds he has a vapid look on his face. I will say for the record that after 2004, his attitude towards weather reports shifted considerably.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting CaicosRetiredSailor:
NOAA Gulfsteam jet hits a fish...

http://tbo.com/list/military-news/fish-strike-int errupts-jets-takeoff-at-macdill-20140304/


NOAA Lt. Cmdr. Nicholas Toth was incredulous over the incident MacDill personnel would jokingly come to refer to as “fishnado.”

Please, please, please don't let TWC entertainment producers see this...
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting JrWeathermanFL:
My teachers never watch the local weather or the weather channel...
They rely on me to tell them what's going on.

I guess that's a plus...unless I give them a bad forecast and they give me an F on something..lol

Just wait, junior.
Give your wife a bad forecast when she just had her hair done and you told her it wouldn't rain.
You get a lot worse than a F for that. :-)
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting Dakster:


LOL....

I use Chrome, IE, and FireFox. The log is a little glitchy at times - IMHO, that is mainly because this is a high demand website and there is lot to load. Sometimes it slows my computer down and I have to reboot to get things back to normal.

I only have that problem when Keep goes on a posting binge...
:-)
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Anyone seen the latest GFS.?...I had to look twice to make sure I saw it correctly. If it did pan out, another shot of bitter cold air in mid March. We could have another record setting event with lows getting into the single digits over the Tennessee Valley, and teens for Northern Gulf States.

Member Since: Posts: Comments:
My teachers never watch the local weather or the weather channel...
They rely on me to tell them what's going on.

I guess that's a plus...unless I give them a bad forecast and they give me an F on something..lol
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting pcola57:
Well I enjoyed blogging here today..
Been along time..
Said hello to a few I haven't seen in awhile..
Met a couple of new folks..
Thanks for putting up with me..
I'm calling it a day..
Till next time.. :)

GN, buddy. Hope to see you around here again soon.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:


Should be some impressive convection over Central and South Florida tomorrow as upper divergence looks impressive, but GFS CAPE is looking pretty meager over the state tomorrow, hence the reason for the low probs in the SPC outlook.

The good news is rainfall will be plentiful, mainly places will probably see 1 to 2 inches.

Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting 990. pcola57:
Well I enjoyed blogging here today..
Been along time..
Said hello to a few I haven't seen in awhile..
Met a couple of new folks..
Thanks for putting up with me..
I'm calling it a day..
Till next time.. :)


Night pcola. Nice seeing you. :)
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Well I enjoyed blogging here today..
Been along time..
Said hello to a few I haven't seen in awhile..
Met a couple of new folks..
Thanks for putting up with me..
I'm calling it a day..
Till next time.. :)
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
crazy weather man here!!
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting 977. TylerStanfield:

This is true. Just one factor that won't necessarily prohibit an El Nino if we were to swing that way over the next month or two.

Looking at all of the typical factors that are monitored in forecasting a hurricane season, thus far, 2014 has the exact opposite characteristics of what you would see in an active Atlantic season; a Negative AMO Tripole, a good likelihood of an El Nino, and very low instability.



Utterly Pathetic.

It might be another year like 2012 where the deep tropics struggle but the subtropical Atlantic gets all the action thanks to well above-average SSTs. The sweet spot in most El Nino years seems to be the area north of the Greater Antilles regardless.

As a plus, even if the Atlantic is quiet, an El Nino would likely lead to a very active Pacific. Plenty of intense hurricanes, most wandering aimlessly out to sea.

Mike Ventrice (did the guest blog here a few weeks ago) thinks we may see some variation of a Modoki El Nino, which wouldn't be nearly as detrimental on tropical cyclone activity in the Atlantic.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Fresh off the walloping from Winter Storm Titan, parts of the South and Mid-Atlantic could once again be dealing with wintry weather late this week.

But unlike previous bouts of winter weather, this will be a big event. Widespread and large accumulations of wintry precipitation are not in the forecast at this time.

The vast majority of the Southeast will see rain, but some locales could see light accumulations of freezing rain, sleet or snow, which might make for tricky travel Thursday night into Friday morning.
<

High pressure will move over the northeastern states by Thursday morning and nose its way southward to the east of the Appalachians. This will allow cold temperatures to stick around through at least the end of the week for places like the Blue Ridge Mountains and the North Carolina Piedmont Plateau. At times, thermometers in these regions will dip near or below freezing.

Simultaneously, a low pressure system will swing from the Gulf of Mexico to the Southeast coast. As the low passes the Gulf Coast on Thursday, it will start to push moisture north, potentially creating an %u201Coverrunning%u201D scenario Thursday night into early Friday morning.

(MORE: Historic Cold in March)

What%u2019s overrunning? That%u2019s where warm moist air slides over the top of cold air. As the warm air on top cools, water vapor condenses, and depending on the depth of the colder air below, makes wintry precipitation possible. Although the possibility of the wintry mix cannot be ruled out, confidence is low at this time as models diverge on just how cold the air will become and how much moisture will be available.

Potential Impacts

From far northeast Georgia to southern Virginia, a light mixture of freezing rain, sleet and snow is possible. Cities like Asheville N.C., Charlotte, N.C., Roanoke, Va. and Richmond, Va. could see some impact late Thursday through early Friday morning. There is a chance that some wintry precipitation could make it as far east as Raleigh-Durham, N.C.

If temperatures remain below freezing long enough and precipitation is persistent enough, Friday morning commutes could get a bit icy. But long-term issues are not expected.

On the upside, temperatures across the region will quickly warm above freezing by mid-morning Friday, so any slick spots will melt quickly.

Farther east, the pressure gradient between the area of low pressure in the Southeast and high pressure to the north will likely result in gusty winds accompanied by rain for coastal locations from southeast Virginia to eastern North Carolina. In addition to high surf, some coastal flooding and beach erosion is possible. I am watching the next storm

Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting pcola57:
Thanks everyone for the input..

I think it was from an image from the previous page as I closed that tab..
Signed out and signed back in..
Seems ok now..
Using Firefox here..


Hey sar..
Did you checkout the NCDC link in #559??
It's very useful in answering questions..
Hope you take the time..
I'm trying to be helpful..
Being skeptical is not a bad thing..
I was for along time..

Drat! I forgot to mention that a malformed or just gigantic image has done that to me as well, and it got fixed when the offending post scrolled off my 50 posts at a time count. I've used Firefox but I must admit Chrome is faster, uses less memory, and just has a bunch of more useful features than Firefox.

Yes, I've read all the information and data at your link previously. As I said, I have no doubt the figures are right and the globe is warming. It's still not clear to me how much human activity or just the presence of increasing Co2 is the main contributor to this warming. I'm not all convinced humans, regardless of their scientific background, have the skill or precision to predict what the world will look like in 2100. I suspect that, in the next decade, it will become clear that AGW is a huge problem that will need lots of resources and skill to mitigate or that the whole thing is not such a big deal after all. Since I don't have the skill to predict the answer, I'm just hoping it will be the latter and not the former.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting 965. Climate175:
Warm Up.
And then a reality check shortly after..

Anywho..

Why do Bananas like Gymnastics?.
They like to do splits.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting 983. sar2401:

No problem, your post came through fine, Doug. Have you tried restarting from a cold shutdown? When I was still using IE I'd have occasional formatting problems, but I haven't seen any since I switched to Chrome. Naga gave me the information about the source of the original graph. I still don't understand why the graph would show back to 1880 with a 1901-2000 baseline but that's a minor point compared to the data the graph shows. I really can't understand how anyone who can read a graph or look at average temperatures can deny we are in a period of historically rapid warming. I remain a skeptic as to exactly how much man contributes and the eventual outcome, but the temperature data is undeniable.


Thank you for the help on the formatting..
I must have had an issue with an image from the previous page..
I now understand better where your coming from on the climate..
Calculating the extent of AGW forcing has been a hurdle..

Here's a link that from WU's Climate Change Fact page for anyone interested..
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting pcola57:


Hey sar..
For some reason the formatting on this blog changed..
Messed up my posting as well..
The best answer I can give you now is to Go to Dr. Rood's blog and check out the explanation..
The Graph is from NOAA..
And can be found @National Climatic Data Center
Hope this post comes through..

No problem, your post came through fine, Doug. Have you tried restarting from a cold shutdown? When I was still using IE I'd have occasional formatting problems, but I haven't seen any since I switched to Chrome. Naga gave me the information about the source of the original graph. I still don't understand why the graph would show back to 1880 with a 1901-2000 baseline but that's a minor point compared to the data the graph shows. I really can't understand how anyone who can read a graph or look at average temperatures can deny we are in a period of historically rapid warming. I remain a skeptic as to exactly how much man contributes and the eventual outcome, but the temperature data is undeniable.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:

Viewing: 1033 - 983

Page: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21 | 22 | 23 | 24Blog Index

Top of Page

About

Jeff co-founded the Weather Underground in 1995 while working on his Ph.D. He flew with the NOAA Hurricane Hunters from 1986-1990.

Local Weather

Partly Cloudy
79 °F
Partly Cloudy