Record Cold in a Warming World

By: Dr. Jeff Masters , 2:58 PM GMT on March 04, 2014

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An impressive blast of Arctic air has toppled more records for all-time March cold over the Eastern U.S., in the wake of the major snowstorm that brought 4 - 8" of snow from Missouri to Maryland. Fresh snow is very efficient at radiating heat to space, and the 3.8" of snow that fell in Baltimore on Monday helped drive the temperature down to 5°F on Monday night, tying the city's all-time March low temperature record set on March 4, 1873. The temperature eventually dipped down to 4°F Tuesday morning, breaking the March record. Atlantic City, NJ, which got 5.5" of snow on Monday, also set a new all-time cold record for the month of March on Monday night, when the temperature fell to 2°F. The previous all-time low for the month of March was 3°F set on March 4, 2009. Official records for the Atlantic City area date back to 1874.

At least five other cities have set or tied all-time March cold temperature records during the current cold wave:

Charlottesville, Virginia set an all-time March low of 1°F Tuesday morning (previous record: 7°F on March 4, 1943.)

Billings, Montana set an all-time March low of -21° on March 2, 2014 (previous record: -19°.)

Pierre, South Dakota set an all-time March low on both March 1 and March 2, dipping to -20° (previous record: -19°F on March 11, 1998.)

Flint, Michigan set an all-time March low of -16° on March 3 (previous record: -12°.)

Rockford, Illinois tied its all-time March record low of -11° on March 3.

At least five U.S. cities have set records for their coldest winter on record, as detailed by wunderground's weather historian Christopher C. Burt in his latest blog post. He has not yet compiled a list of cities that have set a record for their warmest winter on record during 2013 - 2014, but I know of at least two: Las Vegas, Nevada, and Tucson, Arizona.


Figure 1. Departure of surface temperature from average as diagnosed by the GFS model at 00 UTC March 4, 2014. A negative phase of the Arctic Oscillation (AO) allowed cold air to spill southwards out of the Arctic over the Eastern U.S., bringing temperatures up to 36°F (20°C) below average. Compensating warm air flowed northwards into the Arctic underneath a ridge of high pressure over Europe. Data/image obtained using Climate Reanalyzer™ (http://cci-reanalyzer.org), Climate Change Institute, University of Maine, Orono, Maine.

How can a planet that is warming experience record cold?
This week's impressive cold blast brings up the question: How can a planet undergoing "global warming" experience record cold? Well, it's a big planet, and the weather has naturally crazy extremes. We expect to see many locations experience all-time daily and monthly cold records each month. It's just that the number of these cold records will be outnumbered by all-time heat records, when averaged over the globe, and over decades. It is called Global Warming for good reason! A 2009 study led by Dr. Jerry Meehl of the National Center for Atmospheric Research in Boulder, CO found that in the U.S., the ratio of the number of record daily highs to lows was near 1:1 in the 1960s and 1970s, but had increased to more than 2:1 during the decade of the 2000s, due to our warming climate. The ratio for the 2010’s was approximately 2.4-to-1 for daily records, for the four years 2010 - 2013, as explained in detail at Guy Walton's wunderblog. If "business as usual" emissions of heat-trapping gases like carbon dioxide continue this century, this ratio of record highs to record lows is expected to increase to 20:1 by the year 2050, and 50:1 by 2100. So, even on planet experiencing extreme global warming, we will still see a few record low temperatures in the 22nd Century.


Figure 2. Ratio of record daily highs to record daily lows observed at about 1,800 weather stations in the 48 contiguous United States from January 1950 through September 2009. Each bar shows the proportion of record highs (red) to record lows (blue) for each decade. The 1960s and 1970s saw slightly more record daily lows than highs, but in the last 30 years record highs have increasingly predominated, with the ratio now about two-to-one for the 48 states as a whole. ©UCAR, graphic by Mike Shibao; data from a 2009 study led by Dr. Jerry Meehl of the National Center for Atmospheric Research in Boulder, CO.

Two Years Ago: Summer in March
When we do break all-time heat records in the current warming climate, we should expect that some of these new records will crush the old records in phenomenal ways. That was the case during the astonishing U.S. record-breaking "Summer in March" heat wave just two years ago, in 2012. It was the warmest March on record for the contiguous U.S., 8.6°F above the 20th century average for March, and 0.5°F warmer than the previous warmest March in 1910. Of the more than 1,400 months that have passed since the U.S. record began in 1895, only one month, January 2006, had a larger departure from its average temperature than March 2012. Every state in the nation experienced a record warm daily temperature during March, and 25 states east of the Rockies had their warmest March on record. An additional 15 states had monthly temperatures ranking among their ten warmest. All-time March records were broken at 290 stations, with some stations breaking their all-time March record four times. There were 21 instances of the nighttime temperatures being as warm, or warmer, than the existing record daytime temperature for a given date. Four stations broke daily records by 30°F or more.


Figure 3. "This is the kind of sunset that you can expect to see in July, not in March. 77°F when I took this," said the caption on this wunderphoto taken on March 17, 2012 in Windom, Minnesota by wunderphotographer sally.

Jeff Masters

Apostle Islands Ice (walcek)
You drive on 3-ft. minimum thick ice for a couple miles out to these islands on frozen Lake Superior. (Saves on kayaking workout)
Apostle Islands Ice
Frozen Silence (RevMac)
No one else was out walking a very popular Nashville park on a frozen ice and snow storm day in early March.
Frozen Silence

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Quoting 725. KEEPEROFTHEGATE:


so I guess I will have to break out the ugly stick


Naw, keep yer mirror on the Wall keep.

; )
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Quoting 728. LargoFl:
ukmet..................


Big rain event on the way that's for sure. Maybe some severe weather as well when the SPC folks re-evaluate things later tonight.
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Quoting Naga5000:


There are different methodologies for calculating the temperature of the water below the ice. For example, NOAA uses this: "Surface temperature is calculated for water where the ice cover exceeds 50%, using salinity climatology in Millero's formula for the freezing point of salt water:

t(S) = -0.0575 S 0.0017 S3/2 - 0.0002 S2,

with S in psu." Link

and shows:

Link

It's an important question you ask, but a simple answer is yes, the water under the ice is warmer than average.

While the warmer water may also be a factor, I think that Hudson's Bay is not generally regarded as being in the Arctic geographically. If I'm not reading the map wrong in Dr. Master's graphic, all of the area of Hudson's Bay is either near zero in temperature departure from the norm to much below normal. It's only once we get into the waters of the Arctic Sea that we start seeing above normal departures from the norm.
Member Since: October 2, 2004 Posts: 0 Comments: 17453
yes its going to get windy next few days.........
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ukmet..................
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Three children rescued from van caught in waves at Florida beach

ORLANDO, Florida Wed Mar 5, 2014 11:55am EST

(Reuters) - Rescuers pulled three children from a minivan tossing in the surf at a Florida beach on the Atlantic Ocean, and investigators were trying on Wednesday to determine how the vehicle driven by their pregnant mother ended up in the water.

A videotape of the rescue recorded by a Canadian tourist and aired by television stations showed lifeguards and bystanders at Daytona Beach frantically pulling the children, ages 3, 9 and 10, out of the van as it bobbed in the waves on Tuesday.

"The two in the back seat (were) crying, with their arms out, saying, ‘Our mommy's trying to kill us. Please help,'" one of the rescuers, Tim Tesseneer, told WESH, the NBC affiliate in Orlando.

An official police account of what happened was not immediately available. A spokesman for the Volusia County Sheriff's Office, which is handling the investigation, said more information would be released on Wednesday afternoon.

The tourist's video showed waves cresting over the van as rescuers struggled against window-high water to open its doors and raise the lift gate at the rear to reach the children. The surf lifted and turned the van parallel to the shore, nearly capsizing it.

The mother, who was standing outside the van when the videotape began rolling, was almost pushed under the vehicle by waves, according to WFTV-TV, which also broadcast the footage.

"It was a bit terrifying," Simon Besner, the tourist who recorded the rescue, told WFTV.

WESH reported the woman was pregnant and identified her as being from South Carolina. The children were released from a hospital after being examined.

(Reporting by Barbara Liston; Editing by Colleen Jenkins and Gunna Dickson)
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Quoting 645. washingtonian115:
The local mets are making it seem winter is over.AGAIN!..They didn't learn the first time did they?.I had a co-worker come up to me and ask "I thought they said spring was coming and would be here to stay".I laughed because the whole entire D.C area had a nice reality check.


Gonna go out on a limb here and say we've had our last night below 20F this season in the inner suburbs and city although tonight will be close again. The threshold for planting my lettuce and broccoli transplants is -5C (23F) and we're exposed to that until mid to late March. Climatologically we're not done with 40s during the day and 20s at night until mid April. Even in 2012 I dealt with one last (much modified) Arctic outbreak March 27 and protected (successfully) the single tomato plant I had out (and which had doubled in size during the preceding warm spell). I subsequently had to protect against numerous radiation frosts in polar (not arctic) air which is completely normal and typical at that time of year.


I'll (re)plant my pansies next week. Out of town this weekend.
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Quoting 719. Patrap:
I Miss JFV.

I said I wouldn't hold back my emotion's for lent.

So it could get ugly in here, or sentimental between now and Easter.

:0



so I guess I will have to break out the ugly stick
Member Since: July 15, 2006 Posts: 178 Comments: 56141
Warm front just lifted north of Orlando and temps have jumped up about 10 degrees in the last hour. Maybe some thunderstorms popping up this afternoon now that the sun is out.


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7-DAY Tampa bay area and winds back in the forecast..
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ts the 10 year cycle



ahhhhh......9 is close enough :-)
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Quoting 718. daddyjames:


But not sure that behaior increase the fitness of those organisms :o


Notice the "Descent of Man" was what I was going for,...,but it is early here.

But you did nail it dj
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I Miss JFV.

I said I wouldn't hold back my emotion's for lent.

So it could get ugly in here, or sentimental between now and Easter.

:0

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Quoting 716. Patrap:
Adaptations also result from behavioral changes,





But not sure that behavior increase the fitness of those organisms :o.
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717. NCstu

Tornado in Oregon (O.o)
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Adaptations also result from behavioral changes,



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Quoting 675. ricderr:
s it 2015 already


is that when some are predicting that for florida?
its the 10 year cycle
Member Since: July 15, 2006 Posts: 178 Comments: 56141
Quoting 674. ricderr:
latest enso update issued by NOAA

notice the big shift in verbage around page 27

The CFS.v2 ensemble mean (black dashed
line) predicts ENSO-neutral through the N.H.
spring 2014 followed by El Niño starting in
August-October (ASO) 2014


Thanks Ric.
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Quoting 708. Naga5000:


Here is what has been published on the topic. Link Link Link Link Link Link Link

We are mostly responsible for the warming Link


Morning Naga..

I think these 2 lines from NatureEcoScience PDF from one of your links are critical indeed..


"The Earths energy balance is key to understanding climate and climate variations that are caused by natural and an-thropogenic changes in the atmospheric composition."

"Owing to its large heat capacity, the ocean accounts for more than 85% of the energy content change "Q" in the climate system.."

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Quoting 680. fmbill:


It sounds like you are talking about adaptation, not evolution. Huge difference.


Well, both of you are correct - although fmbill is incorrect in drawing a distinction between the two.

Adaptation is any change in a population through an evolutionary process that increases the fitness of an organism in its environment. One form of adaptation results from evolution of the genetic makeup of a population of organisms (the allele frequency in Naga's example). This would be a result of natural selection.

Adaptations also result from behavioral changes, with a genetic basis behind it, that improves the fitness of an organism (think mating rituals of birds, for example). This would be a result of sexual selection.

Not to be confused with adaptation, which is the result of an evolutionary process, is acclimatization. Where one adjusts, behaviorally or physiologically, to one's environment. For example, moving to a higher altitude. The acclimatization is not an evolutionary process, however the ability to acclimatize is the result of an evolutionary process (an adaptation).

Does that make things more clear? ;)

Edit: clarified the definition of what an adaptation is.
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Quoting 709. pcola57:



Maybe hair of the dog is in order.. :)

Mornin' Sunshine !!


Grumbles'...

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Quoting 707. Patrap:


Well, yesterday was Mardi Gras day.

: P
Fat Tuesday....I'm in the mood for a big Muffuletta....Yum
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Quoting 707. Patrap:


Well, yesterday was Mardi Gras day.

: P


Maybe hair of the dog is in order.. :)

Mornin' Sunshine !!
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Quoting 696. rickdove:


Well stated and I agree. The only question left is how much is man attributing to the temperature rises. Is it +.000001 degree per century? Is it +3 degrees per century? that to me is the real question. If the answer is +3 degrees per century then maybe we should spend tax dollars on this. If it is .000001 per century, then politicians should stop talking about it.


Here is what has been published on the topic. Link Link Link Link Link Link Link

We are mostly responsible for the warming Link
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Quoting 705. pcola57:


LOL LOl..Pat.. :)
Lordy, now you gotta go to the John.. :)


Well, yesterday was Mardi Gras day.

: P
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Also of note in the Hudson Bay Climate info.

A steady increase in regional temperatures over the last 100 years has been reflected in a lengthening of the ice-free period which was as short as four months in the late 17th century.

I wonder,...
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Quoting 703. Patrap:
Googling Hudson Bay took a half of cup o coffee.


LOL LOl..Pat.. :)
Lordy, now you gotta go to the John.. :)
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Quoting 703. Patrap:
Googling Hudson Bay took a half of cup o coffee.
Everything takes half a cup of coffee for me now-a-days
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Googling Hudson Bay took a half cup o coffee.

; )
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Hudson Bay on Avg freezes over by Dec 10th.



Hudson Bay was the growth centre for the main ice sheet that covered northern North America during the last Ice Age. The whole region has very low year-round average temperatures. (The average annual temperature for Churchill at 59°N is -5°C; by comparison Arkhangelsk at 64°N in a similar cold continental position in northern Russia has an average of 2°C.) Water temperature peaks at 8°-9°C (46°-48°F) on the western side of the bay in late summer.

It is largely frozen over from mid-December to mid-June when it usually clears from its eastern end westwards and southwards. A steady increase in regional temperatures over the last 100 years has been reflected in a lengthening of the ice-free period which was as short as four months in the late 17th century.
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Quoting 688. jpsb:



I am comfused, the "Polar Vortex" was sitting on top of Hudson Bay much of this winter yet your graphic shows northern Hudson Bay as unusually warm.




How can that be?


Also NOAA has all of Hudson Bay covered in ice



So what am I missing here? The only explanation I can come up with is that the water under Hudson Bay's ice is warmer then usual but that seems nonsensical to me.


Hudson Bay always freezes completely over by midwinter. It melts out in June/July.
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700. jpsb
Quoting 697. Naga5000:



It's an important question you ask, but a simple answer is yes, the water under the ice is warmer than average.



Ok, thanks, that was the only explanation I could come up with, but like I said that seemed nonsensical. Well I learned something new today, thanks again.
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699. NCstu
Quoting 698. yonzabam:


Well, that's because light skinned people want to get a tan, while dark skinned people already have one!

Dark skinned people in northern latitudes need to expose their skin to the sun more, because they don't make vitamin D so easily.

In the UK, children of Asian immigrants are more likely to get rickets due to vitamin D deficiency, than Caucasians.

Yea, it creates a problem when people who avoid sun go north and vice versa. Practically all of the older people in my family have had skin cancer. Fortunately just the little ones you cut off.
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Quoting 695. NCstu:

Yea, I think it's mostly a cultural thing but it's based on craving sunlight. Generally speaking, if you see someone lying around in the sun on a hot day, it's a lighter skinned person. I think it's just instinct.


Well, that's because light skinned people want to get a tan, while dark skinned people already have one!

Dark skinned people in northern latitudes need to expose their skin to the sun more, because they don't make vitamin D so easily.

In the UK, children of Asian immigrants are more likely to get rickets due to vitamin D deficiency, than Caucasians.
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Quoting 688. jpsb:



I am comfused, the "Polar Vortex" was sitting on top of Hudson Bay much of this winter yet your graphic shows northern Hudson Bay as unusually warm.




How can that be?


Also NOAA has all of Hudson Bay covered in ice



So what am I missing here? The only explanation I can come up with is that the water under Hudson Bay's ice is warmer then usual but that seems nonsensical to me.


There are different methodologies for calculating the temperature of the water below the ice. For example, NOAA uses this: "Surface temperature is calculated for water where the ice cover exceeds 50%, using salinity climatology in Millero's formula for the freezing point of salt water:

t(S) = -0.0575 S + 0.0017 S3/2 - 0.0002 S2,

with S in psu." Link

and shows:

Link

It's an important question you ask, but a simple answer is yes, the water under the ice is warmer than average.
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Quoting 214. Jedkins01:



To have faith in something is to trust in something because you perceive you have good reason to believe it.

If you didn't believe in AGW, then well, you simply wouldn't believe it, ie. you would be one of the people arguing against it everyday.

Common man, use common sense, to say you don't believe in something because there is evidence is exactly contrary to reality. If you didn't believe in any law of science, you probably would have already died by electrocution or walking off a cliff because you don't believe in gravity.


If you didn't believe in AGW like any other law of science, either your fooling yourself or your arguing against your own reasoning, either way it doesn't make sense. Based on from what I've seen, you do indeed believe in the laws of science and global warming.


I think what you mean to say is you don't put blind faith in anything, that is you believe things with what you have determined is sufficient evidence.


Then comes the the interesting thing about human thought, the reason why some people don't believe in AGW is because they are convinced there isn't enough evidence, it may not be true, but many are convinced it doesn't exist.


There exists another complex relationship between, evidence, perception, and belief. One can have knowledge and awareness that something is reasonable, that is aware there may be a good reason to believe it, but for a complex number of reasons, an individual may choose to not believe it. One can initially be convinced of something, or be given the option to believe something, but if given enough belief in something contrary to that initial belief, the new contrary belief is then perceived to be what is really true.

Assertion applies to both apparent truths and denial of apparent truths.


Well stated and I agree. The only question left is how much is man attributing to the temperature rises. Is it +.000001 degree per century? Is it +3 degrees per century? that to me is the real question. If the answer is +3 degrees per century then maybe we should spend tax dollars on this. If it is .000001 per century, then politicians should stop talking about it.
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695. NCstu
Quoting 693. yonzabam:


Sunlight in northern Europe isn't strong enough to make vitamin D until April/May.

Yea, I think it's mostly a cultural thing but it's based on craving sunlight. Generally speaking, if you see someone lying around in the sun on a hot day, it's a lighter skinned person. I think it's just instinct.
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March 2-8 in the U.S. is National Severe Weather Awareness Week.

Be aware or be square.

Each individual is responsible for having a plan and taking action before, during and after a severe weather event. No one will do it for you.

"During National Severe Weather Preparedness Week, we ask that you Be a Force of Nature by knowing your risk, taking action and being an example where you live."

Clicking the graphic below will take you to the Weather Ready Nation page with preparedness information. The one thing I don't see mentioned is that lightning, severe hail and severe wind can threaten life and property. They focus on tornadoes... but then, who knows who writes this stuff.



BTW, El Nino is already upon us. Mark my words.

Have a nice day, Doc M and All.
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Quoting 692. NCstu:
Link
Completely off topic, but I think it's interesting. Light skinned people also instinctively lie around in the sun to synthesize vitamin D. In northern Europe people typically put their babies outside to nap, even when it's super cold outside.
Link
And of course


Sunlight in northern Europe isn't strong enough to make vitamin D until April/May.
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692. NCstu
Link
Completely off topic, but I think it's interesting. Light skinned people also instinctively lie around in the sun to synthesize vitamin D. In northern Europe people typically put their babies outside to nap, even when it's super cold outside.
Link
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There is not any "historical" record cold .
Most of these records are biased because stations have moved to MUCH colder locations than before.
This cold blast is nothing compared to what happened in March 1885.
Atlantic City station was two steps from the ocean and it was moved miles inland, same thing for Baltimore and most of other stations.
Data from March 1885 shows much colder conditions in these areas than now, in the same points.
Obviously, if we compare pears with apples, so we can draw different conclusions.
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EXTENDED FORECAST DISCUSSION
NWS WEATHER PREDICTION CENTER COLLEGE PARK MD
1038 AM EST WED MAR 05 2014


Excerpt:

PERIODIC DEVELOPMENT OF CLOSED LOWS ABOUT EVERY 3 TO 5 DAYS IS
EXPECTED TO CONTINUE TO ORIGINATE ACROSS THE SOUTHWEST OR TEXAS
BEFORE MOVING ALONG THE GULF COAST REGION. HOWEVER...THEIR
DETAILS ARE HIGHLY UNCLEAR. MODEL CONTINUITY REMAINS LESS THAN
IDEAL. THE 00Z ECMWF BEGINS TO EJECT THE PRIMARY LOW ACROSS THE
TEXAS PANHANDLE BY DAY 3/SAT WITH SOME REINFORCEMENT OVER
COLORADO...WHILE THE MAJORITY OF OTHER GUIDANCE REMAINS MORE
CONSOLIDATED WITH THESE 2 DISTINCT CENTERS AND THUS ARE SLOWER.
GIVEN THAT THESE SOLUTIONS APPEAR NEARLY EQUALLY PLAUSIBLE AT THIS
TIME...IT IS DIFFICULT TO COMPLETELY RULE OUT THE LESS PROBABLE
ECMWF SOLUTION AT THIS TIME. BY DAY 7/WED...THE 00Z ECMWF IS ALSO
ABOUT 1 DAY FASTER AND THUS FARTHER EAST WITH ANOTHER CLOSED LOW
FORMING NEAR THE SOUTHWEST COMPARED TO THE 00-06Z GFS/00Z
CANADIAN. FOR BOTH LOWS...RECOMMEND ABOUT AN EQUAL BLEND OF THE
GLOBAL ENSEMBLE MEANS...WITH MODERATE TO HEAVY RAINFALL POSSIBLY
ACCOMPANYING BOTH LOWS...PARTICULARLY ACROSS PARTS OF SOUTH TEXAS
AND THE WESTERN/CENTRAL GULF COAST REGION.
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Quoting 670. CaribBoy:


Bust in sight

Depends on what qualifies as a bust.
Member Since: July 6, 2010 Posts: 113 Comments: 32858
688. jpsb
Quoting 676. Neapolitan:
yes, the waters around the SE US are already pretty nice:

GFS



I am comfused, the "Polar Vortex" was sitting on top of Hudson Bay much of this winter yet your graphic shows northern Hudson Bay as unusually warm.




How can that be?


Also NOAA has all of Hudson Bay covered in ice



So what am I missing here? The only explanation I can come up with is that the water under Hudson Bay's ice is warmer then usual but that seems nonsensical to me.
Member Since: June 30, 2009 Posts: 0 Comments: 1276
THU-THU NIGHT...
VIGOROUS SHORTWAVE TROUGH WILL PROGRESS EAST ALONG THE NORTH GULF
COAST. THE ACCOMPANYING SURFACE LOW IN THE GULF WILL MOVE TO...OR
REDEVELOP OFF THE GEORGIA COAST THU NIGHT. AS IS TYPICAL WITH THESE
SYSTEMS IN OUR COOL SEASON...THE AMOUNT OF INSTABILITY IS UNCERTAIN.
CONSIDERABLE MID-HIGH LEVEL CLOUDS ARE EXPECTED FROM APPROACHING
CONVECTION IN THE GULF. STILL...MAX TEMPS IN THE LOWER-MID 80S
SHOULD OCCUR OVER THE SOUTH.

HOW MUCH AND HOW FAST THE LOW DEEPENS IS KEY TO THE STRENGTH OF
LOW LEVEL WINDS. THE 00Z GFS INDICATED 850 MB WINDS INCREASING TO
30-35 KNOTS BY EVENING WHEN A BAND OF CONVECTION SHOULD BE IN THE
VICINITY. WHILE THIS IS BELOW THE THRESHOLD WE USUALLY LOOK FOR
SEVERE WEATHER...ANY QUICKER STRENGTHENING OF THE LOW (LIKE THE
ECMWF SUGGESTS) WOULD INCREASE LOW LEVEL WINDS/SHEAR AND BRING A
SEVERE THREAT...MAINLY FOR DAMAGING STRAIGHT LINE WINDS.

GIVEN THE UNCERTAINTY IN THE PRECISE EVOLUTION OF THE LOW PRESSURE
SYSTEM...WILL CONTINUE TO MENTION A SLIGHT CHANCE FOR SEVERE STORMS
IN THE HAZARDOUS WEATHER OUTLOOK FOR THU. PRESENT INDICATIONS ARE
THAT THE SOUTH HALF WOULD HAVE THE GREATEST CHANCE.
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I was just wondering if its possible that the Northern Polar Ice Cap has shifted this winter and that's why the NE is so frozen and having all this cold weather?

And is it possible that the solar flares are sending more radiation our way then is being admitted and why the increase in leukemia and other cancers, the Doctors admitting they are losing the battle. Could the solar flares be affecting our weather patterns along with the global warming we are creating?
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THIS HAZARDOUS WEATHER OUTLOOK IS FOR WEST CENTRAL AND SOUTHWEST
FLORIDA.

.DAY ONE...TODAY AND TONIGHT.

...THUNDERSTORM IMPACT...
INCREASING MOISTURE COMBINED WITH A STATIONARY FRONT ACROSS THE
CENTRAL PENINSULA AND AN AFTERNOON SEA BREEZE AND WEAK IMPULSES
ALOFT MAY SUPPORT A FEW THUNDERSTORMS ACROSS THE REGION
TODAY...MAINLY DURING THE AFTERNOON. ANY STORM THAT DEVELOPS
TODAY WILL BE CAPABLE OF PRODUCING BRIEF HEAVY DOWNPOURS AND
OCCASIONAL LIGHTNING STRIKES. IN ADDITION SOME STRONG GUSTY WINDS
AND SMALL HAIL WILL BE POSSIBLE IN THE VICINITY OF THE STRONGEST
STORMS. STORMS THAT DEVELOP TODAY WILL MOVE TO THE NORTHEAST AT 15
TO 20 MPH. IF LIGHTNING IS OBSERVED OR THUNDER IS HEARD MOVE
INDOORS IMMEDIATELY.
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Quoting 680. fmbill:


It sounds like you are talking about adaptation, not evolution. Huge difference.


Adapting is if I get used to cold weather, hot weather, etc. because my body adjusts to it.

Evolution is a slow process by which biological changes comes about in response to outside sources or at least I think that's a short, basic difference between the two.

Evolution is definitely real, the actual results for how it came about, and why gets a bit foggier, but just because evolution so far can't explain entirely for sure how it happened, doesn't mean we should then throw out Evolution.

That's like saying we should stop using computer models, and stop forecasting in general because some things can't be known yet, it doesn't make sense.

Throwing out an entire scientific theory because it can't explain everything and mystery is involved just doesn't make sense. In fact, its defeating the whole purpose of science, its ok to say we "don't know" yet about things that well, we don't know. But that doesn't make a particular study a failure because its incomplete.

The goal in science is just that, to improve, to learn more, and to solve what's unsolved, not to quit because we don't know everything, which can't be achieved by humanity anyway.
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Jeff co-founded the Weather Underground in 1995 while working on his Ph.D. He flew with the NOAA Hurricane Hunters from 1986-1990.

JeffMasters's Recent Photos

Lake Effort Snow Shower Over Windsor, Ontario
Sunset on Dunham Lake
Pictured Rocks Sunset
Sunset on Lake Huron