97L in Western Caribbean Still a Threat to Develop

By: Dr. Jeff Masters , 1:58 PM GMT on October 02, 2013

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A tropical disturbance (Invest 97L) over the Western Caribbean is moving to the northwest at 10 mph and is generating heavy rains over the Cayman Islands and Western Cuba. Grand Cayman Island had picked up 2.32" (59 mm) of rain as of 9:30 am EDT on Wednesday. Satellite loops show that 97L has a modest area of heavy thunderstorms that have increased substantially in areal coverage and in intensity since Tuesday, but there is little rotation apparent. Cayman Islands radar also does not show any rotation to the echoes, but there are several prominent low-level bands of heavy rain. The storm has low wind shear of 5 - 10 knots to work with, as well as an upper-air anticyclone aloft that is providing good ventilation above it. Dry air is over the Yucatan Peninsula and Gulf of Mexico, as seen on water vapor satellite loops, and this dry air is slowing development. Ocean temperatures are a very warm 29°C (84°F). An Air Force hurricane hunter flight is scheduled for Wednesday afternoon.


Figure 1. Wind forecast for 2 pm EDT Saturday October 5, 2013, from runs of the GFS model done six hours apart. The more recent run, initialized at 06Z (2 am EDT) on Wednesday, October 2 (left panel) predicts that 97L will have top winds below 35 knots (40 mph, light orange colors). This run showed the center of 97L making landfall in the Florida Panhandle about 120 miles east of Alabama late Saturday afternoon.The run initialized six hours earlier, at 00Z (right panel), showed a stronger storm, with top winds of 40 - 45 knots (46 - 52 mph.) This run showed the center of 97L making landfall near the Alabama/Florida border Saturday night. The images were generated using our wundermap with the model layer turned on.

Forecast for 97L: development into at least a tropical depression likely
Wind shear is expected to remain low on Wednesday, then steadily increase to the moderate range on Thursday, then to the high range on Friday, according to the latest SHIPS model forecast. On Wednesday night, 97L will cross the northeastern tip of Mexico's Yucatan Peninsula, bringing 3 - 6" of rain to the peninsula and to Western Cuba. Passage over the Yucatan will act to disrupt the storm. The atmosphere will grow drier as 97L moves northwards over the Gulf of Mexico on Thursday and Friday, and the drier air combined with increasing wind shear will retard development, making rapid intensification unlikely. A trough of low pressure and an associated cold front will be moving through Louisiana on Saturday, and the associated upper-level westerly winds will be able to turn 97L more to the northeast as it approaches the coast on Friday. The GFS model develops 97L into a tropical storm, and predicts landfall will occur along the Florida Panhandle. The European model, which does not develop 97L into a tropical storm, is farther west, taking the storm over Eastern Louisiana. In their 8 am EDT Wednesday Tropical Weather Outlook, NHC gave 97L 2-day odds of development of 40%, and 5-day odds of 50%. I give a 30% chance 97L will be Tropical Storm Karen with top winds of 40 - 60 mph at landfall between Louisiana and the Florida Panhandle on Saturday, a 5% chance it will be stronger, and a 65% chance it will be a tropical depression or mere tropical disturbance. Heavy rains of 3 - 6" can be expected falling the coast from Louisiana to the Florida Panhandle on Saturday, even if 97L does not develop into a tropical depression.


Figure 2. MODIS satellite image of 97L, taken at 12:30 pm EDT on October 2, 2013. Image credit: NASA.

Tropical Storm Jerry in the Central Atlantic no threat
Tropical Storm Jerry continues to slowly wander over the Central Atlantic, far from land. Jerry is not a threat to any land areas.

Jeff Masters

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Quoting 3057. C0astalAlabama:
Very surprised at the latest developments. Was expecting a rain event, lots of rain with minimal 35 or so knots...Seeing it spin up to 60+ with 36+ hours to go over 85 mph is a bit surprising right now.

Will load up the tanks of gas now before it sells out. Learned that the hard way years ago.


I tried to tell people on here yesterday that I felt 97L now Karen would be a major threat to the Northern Gulf Coast.
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Quoting 3046. pcoladeb:
Not an Ivan but maybe a Frederic. Frederic came off Cuba a TD and came into Dauphin Island a strong Cat 3 with 125 winds. IMHO tonight will tell us all what Miss Karen has in mind.


I do hope you're right, and that NHC & models (with most people on furlough) are not low-balling this storm. Just heard on the radio that we're under a hurricane watch. Not a TS watch. A hurricane watch.
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3064. LargoFl
Quoting 3061. 7544:
looks like the convection is tryin to go ne at this hour largo if it does you might get some of this
im watching it closely,still a few days left for changes in track huh
Member Since: August 6, 2011 Posts: 4 Comments: 36841
3062. Patrap
U get a Secret wu decoder ring.

Congratulations.

: )

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3061. 7544
looks like the convection is tryin to go ne at this hour largo if it does you might get some of this
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3060. Torito

13:46:30Z flight level wind getting close to hurricane force.
60 knots
(~ 69.0 mph)
Member Since: April 30, 2013 Posts: 5 Comments: 4316
Dangerous Situation developing in the Gulf.
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Karen should be a hurricane later today or tonight just as I said yesterday

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Very surprised at the latest developments. Was expecting a rain event, lots of rain with minimal 35 or so knots...Seeing it spin up to 60 with 36 hours to go over 85 degree water is a bit surprising right now.

Will load up the tanks of gas now before it sells out. Learned that the hard way years ago.
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3056. dibird
Quoting 3046. pcoladeb:
Not an Ivan but maybe a Frederic. Frederic came off Cuba a TD and came into Dauphin Island a strong Cat 3 with 125 winds. IMHO tonight will tell us all what Miss Karen has in mind.


No Frederic or Ivan please. I live on Dauphin Island.
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3055. WxLogic
Quoting 3027. Patrap:
TS Karen has not stalled, esp from 8am EDT as the motion was NNW @ 13 mph.


Datza lotta Mojo to stop on a dime, and it hasent.

LOCATION...22.0N 87.6W
ABOUT 40 MI...65 KM NW OF CABO CATOCHE MEXICO
ABOUT 500 MI...805 KM S OF THE MOUTH OF THE MISSISSIPPI RIVER
MAXIMUM SUSTAINED WINDS...60 MPH...95 KM/H
PRESENT MOVEMENT...NNW OR 340 DEGREES AT 13 MPH...20 KM/H
MINIMUM CENTRAL PRESSURE...1004 MB...29.65 INCHES


Yeah, but I'll beg to differ... based on the HH last pass. It hasn't moved. It will moved eventually but not now lol.
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3054. JNTenne
Quoting 2997. dearmas:


Thanks!! Ok now dumb question, when do the 18z's come out??

Does anyone really know what time it is?
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@SkyAlertStorm
- Alert Quintana Roo - the center of # Karen is practically in Cancun. Its size is over 500kms diameter.
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3052. Patrap
Orleans Parish

Coastal Flood Watch
Statement as of 4:18 AM CDT on October 03, 2013

... Coastal Flood Watch in effect through Saturday evening...

The National Weather Service in New Orleans has issued a coastal
Flood Watch... which is in effect through Saturday evening.

* Coastal flooding... tide levels are expected to increase to 1 to
2 feet above normal by tonight... 2 feet above normal Friday and
2 to 4 feet above normal Saturday along east-facing shores of
southeast Louisiana and along the Mississippi coast.

* Timing... today through Saturday evening.

* Impacts... outside hurricane protection levee systems... tides are
likely to produce inundation of low lying coastal areas. Water levels
will also increase in bayous... bays and lower reaches of rivers
that drain into the tidal waters. Flood abatement structures may
be closed at times during the next few days.

Precautionary/preparedness actions...

A coastal Flood Watch means that conditions favorable for
flooding are expected to develop. Coastal residents should be
alert for later statements or warnings... and take action to
protect property.

Mariners should check on the status of flood gates before
venturing out... particularly with the Lake Borgne levee district
flood gates at Bayou Bienvenue and bayou Dupre.

If a tropical storm does develop later today... all or portions of the
coastal Flood Watch may be replaced by tropical storm watches and
warnings... depending on forecast track and uncertainty error Cone.
Stay tuned for later statements and possible warnings during this
evolving weather situation.



24/rr

Read more at http://www.wunderground.com/US/LA/062.html#dkAdXfY tivL4Ofb6.99
Member Since: July 3, 2005 Posts: 420 Comments: 127536
3051. Torito
latest wind data:


57.0 knots (~ 65.6 mph)
Tropical Storm

DATA
Member Since: April 30, 2013 Posts: 5 Comments: 4316
3050. GatorWX
Quoting 3041. nrtiwlnvragn:
RSO Visible Loop


Needs some attire..
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3049. LargoFl
Member Since: August 6, 2011 Posts: 4 Comments: 36841
3048. Patrap


No Current Intensity Guidance goes above Cat 1

Member Since: July 3, 2005 Posts: 420 Comments: 127536
Quoting 3004. ncstorm:
Ivan anyone??




Please, no Crazy Ivan thoughts just yet. ;)
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Not an Ivan but maybe a Frederic. Frederic came off Cuba a TD and came into Dauphin Island a strong Cat 3 with 125 winds. IMHO tonight will tell us all what Miss Karen has in mind.
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3045. Patrap

Product: Air Force High Density (HDOB) Message (URNT15 KNHC)
Transmitted: 3rd day of the month at 13:36Z
Date: October 3, 2013
Aircraft: Air Force Aircraft (Last 3 digits of the tail number are 304)
Mission Purpose: Investigate sixth suspect area (flight in the North Atlantic basin)

Mission Number: 2

Observation Number: 28

246 meters
(~ 807 feet) 1008.3 mb
(~ 29.78 inHg) - From 139° at 42 knots
(From the SE at ~ 48.3 mph) 22.4°C
(~ 72.3°F) 20.4°C
(~ 68.7°F) 43 knots
(~ 49.4 mph) 37 knots
(~ 42.5 mph) 0 mm/hr
(~ 0 in/hr) 36.1 knots (~ 41.6 mph)
Tropical Storm 86.0%
Time Coordinates Aircraft
Static Air Pressure Aircraft
Geopotential Height Extrapolated
Surface Pressure D-value Flight Level Wind (30 sec. Avg.) Air Temp. Dew Point Peak (10 sec. Avg.)
Flight Level Wind SFMR
Peak (10s Avg.) Sfc. Wind SFMR
Rain Rate Estimated Surface Wind (30 sec. Avg.)
Using Estimated Reduction Factor Peak Wind at Flight Level to
Est. Surface Reduction Factor

HDOB Observations

Independent Calculations from Tropical Atlantic

At 13:27:00Z (first observation), the observation was 81 miles (130 km) to the NW (316°) from Cancún, Quintana Roo, México.

At 13:36:30Z (last observation), the observation was 87 miles (140 km) to the NNW (340°) from Cancún, Quintana Roo, México.
Member Since: July 3, 2005 Posts: 420 Comments: 127536
3044. LargoFl
ALERT Tropical Storm Karen Has Formed in the Far Southern Gulf. Forecast to Approach Coastal Alabama and Western Florida Panhandle on Saturday. Hurricane Watch Now in Effect for the Northern Gulf Coast Region.
Member Since: August 6, 2011 Posts: 4 Comments: 36841
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3042. Patrap
Member Since: July 3, 2005 Posts: 420 Comments: 127536
RSO Visible Loop
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3040. GatorWX
Quoting 3034. 69Viking:


You can pretty much see the track based on those steering maps, NW she's goes and then makes a turn to the N and then NE, just where that turn happens will give us a pretty solid idea on where landfall is going to be.


Looks like you might get a some rain ;)

...maybe some wind too.

Yes, good indication it's chugging along in that direction.

-24hrs

0hrs
Member Since: January 1, 2008 Posts: 0 Comments: 2673
I am not expect Karen to get as strong as I thinking yesterday.

probably only strong TS/Minimal CAT 1 at best.

too many shear and dry air
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3038. LargoFl
called my son up in the panhandle..everyone is preparing..thats a good sign.....
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3037. Patrap
We know, we've known since 7am CDT actually.
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3035. ncstorm
During active hurricane weather, please refrain from posting topics or images not related to tropical weather discussion..

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Quoting 3026. GatorWX:



You can pretty much see the track based on those steering maps, NW she's goes and then makes a turn to the N and then NE, just where that turn happens will give us a pretty solid idea on where landfall is going to be.
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3033. Dakster
Quoting 3013. nolajet:


Very true. The Today Show just said again, "potentially now tropical storm Karen." Local met is using outdated information as well. I knew from this blog that 97l had been upgraded at least 20-30 minutes before my local news announced it.


and this surprised you how?
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3032. VR46L
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Backtracked Karen to a TS as of 06Z

AL 12 2013100306 BEST 0 213N 869W 45 1006 TS
AL 12 2013100312 BEST 0 220N 876W 50 1004 TS
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Quoting 2969. washingtonian115:
Hey Pat looks like Karma will come in the form of Karen :).


Interesting, I've seen variations on the karma question here a couple times. I've been studying the effects of communal emotions on weather patterns for decades. Right after Monday's near perfect nationwide weather, anger from the gov't shutdown fueled the physics of emotion on a large scale. Today there's Karen in the GOM accompanied by a bunch of tornado threats in the midwest and huge snowstorm Atlas. It's not woo-woo, it's nature with twist. The clue is Karen - Caring about Obamacare. And at last, I may publish the blogs. Events like this motivate me to get to work with the reams of material that needs to be updated.
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3029. GatorWX
lol
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3028. LargoFl
ok folks..time to prepare..its official........................Hurricane Watch

------------------------------------------------- -------------------------------
TROPICAL STORM KAREN LOCAL STATEMENT
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE TALLAHASSEE FL
917 AM EDT THU OCT 3 2013

...HURRICANE WATCHES NOW IN EFFECT ALONG THE FLORIDA PANHANDLE
COAST...

.NEW INFORMATION...
A HURRICANE WATCH HAS NOW BEEN ISSUED FOR THE FLORIDA PANHANDLE
FROM INDIAN PASS FLORIDA WESTWARD.

.AREAS AFFECTED...
THIS LOCAL STATEMENT PROVIDES IMPORTANT INFORMATION AND
RECOMMENDED ACTIONS FOR PEOPLE AND MARINE INTERESTS IN SELECT
LOCATIONS AND COASTAL WATER LEGS OF THE FLORIDA PANHANDLE.

.WATCHES/WARNINGS...
A HURRICANE WATCH IS IN EFFECT FOR THE FOLLOWING LOCATIONS...
SOUTH WALTON...COASTAL BAY AND COASTAL GULF.

FOR MARINE INTERESTS...A HURRICANE WATCH IS IN EFFECT FOR
PORTIONS OF GULF OF MEXICO COASTAL WATERS FROM DESTIN TO
APALACHICOLA.

A HURRICANE WATCH MEANS THAT HURRICANE CONDITIONS ARE POSSIBLE
WITHIN THE NEXT 48 HOURS SOMEWHERE WITHIN THE SPECIFIED AREAS.

ALL PEOPLE IN THE WATCH AREAS SHOULD REVIEW THEIR PREPAREDNESS PLAN
AND BE READY TO IMPLEMENT IT SHOULD A WARNING BE ISSUED FOR THEIR
AREA.

.STORM INFORMATION...
AT 9 AM EDT...OR 8 AM CDT...THE CENTER OF TROPICAL STORM KAREN
WAS LOCATED NEAR LATITUDE 22.0N...LONGITUDE 87.6W. THIS WAS ABOUT
580 MILES SOUTH-SOUTHWEST OF PANAMA CITY FL. STORM MOTION WAS
NORTH NORTHWEST AT 13 MPH. STORM INTENSITY WAS 60 MPH.

.SITUATION OVERVIEW...
A HURRICANE WATCH HAS NOW BEEN ISSUED FOR COASTAL AREAS OF THE
FLORIDA PANHANDLE. TROPICAL STORM KAREN WILL CONTINUE MOVING
TOWARD THE NORTHERN GULF COASTAL STATES THROUGH THE REMAINDER OF
THE WEEK AND APPROACH COASTAL AREAS BY SATURDAY.

.PRECAUTIONARY/PREPAREDNESS ACTIONS...
PRECAUTIONARY/PREPAREDNESS ACTIONS...

FOR THOSE UNDER A WATCH...NOW IS THE TIME TO INITIATE PREPARATIONS
ACCORDING TO YOUR HURRICANE DISASTER PLAN SPECIFIC TO YOUR HOME OR
BUSINESS.

FOR THOSE NOT YET UNDER A WATCH BUT CLOSE TO THE WATCH AREA...NOW
IS THE TIME TO REVIEW YOUR HURRICANE DISASTER PLAN AND BE PREPARED
TO ACT IF A WATCH OR A WARNING IS LATER ISSUED FOR YOUR AREA.

IT IS IMPORTANT TO ACTIVELY LISTEN FOR FORTHCOMING INFORMATION
FROM THE NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE IN TALLAHASSEE AND YOUR LOCAL
EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY.

MARINERS ARE URGED TO MAKE ALL NECESSARY PREPARATIONS TO RETURN
TO PORT...SEEK SAFE HARBOR...AND SECURE THEIR CRAFT. NOW IS THE
TIME TO INITIATE PREPARATIONS ACCORDING TO YOUR EMERGENCY PLAN
FOR TROPICAL SYSTEMS. MONITOR WEATHER BROADCASTS FOR CHANGES TO
THE LATEST FORECAST AND LISTEN FOR FURTHER STATEMENTS FROM LOCAL
OFFICIALS.

&&

.NEXT UPDATE...
THE NEXT LOCAL STATEMENT WILL BE ISSUED BY THE NATIONAL WEATHER
SERVICE IN TALLAHASSEE SHORTLY. IT WILL PROVIDE IMPORTANT DETAILS
REGARDING THE EVOLVING TROPICAL CYCLONE THREATS AND THEIR
POTENTIAL IMPACTS UPON THE AREA.

FLZ108-112-114-GMZ750-770-031630-

Member Since: August 6, 2011 Posts: 4 Comments: 36841
3027. Patrap
TS Karen has not stalled, esp from 8am EDT as the motion was NNW @ 13 mph.


Datza lotta Mojo to stop on a dime, and it hasent.

LOCATION...22.0N 87.6W
ABOUT 40 MI...65 KM NW OF CABO CATOCHE MEXICO
ABOUT 500 MI...805 KM S OF THE MOUTH OF THE MISSISSIPPI RIVER
MAXIMUM SUSTAINED WINDS...60 MPH...95 KM/H
PRESENT MOVEMENT...NNW OR 340 DEGREES AT 13 MPH...20 KM/H
MINIMUM CENTRAL PRESSURE...1004 MB...29.65 INCHES
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3026. GatorWX

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3025. Patrap
Posting a new entry soon, he will..Hmmm,

Fresca?

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3024. WxLogic
Looks like Karen is stalled...
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3023. Torito
Quoting 3018. scoobert:
What happens if the front stalls?


then Karen likely stalls as well.
Member Since: April 30, 2013 Posts: 5 Comments: 4316
3022. LargoFl
Quoting 3018. scoobert:
What happens if the front stalls?
my guess with a frontal stall the storm goes in further westward..its the front that will push karen eastward.
Member Since: August 6, 2011 Posts: 4 Comments: 36841
3021. Patrap

000
WTNT32 KNHC 031304
TCPAT2

BULLETIN
TROPICAL STORM KAREN SPECIAL ADVISORY NUMBER 1
NWS NATIONAL HURRICANE CENTER MIAMI FL AL122013
800 AM CDT THU OCT 03 2013

...TROPICAL STORM FORMS OVER THE SOUTHEASTERN GULF OF MEXICO...
...HURRICANE AND TROPICAL STORM WATCHES ISSUED FOR THE NORTHERN GULF
COAST...


SUMMARY OF 800 AM CDT...1300 UTC...INFORMATION
----------------------------------------------
LOCATION...22.0N 87.6W
ABOUT 40 MI...65 KM NW OF CABO CATOCHE MEXICO
ABOUT 500 MI...805 KM S OF THE MOUTH OF THE MISSISSIPPI RIVER
MAXIMUM SUSTAINED WINDS...60 MPH...95 KM/H
PRESENT MOVEMENT...NNW OR 340 DEGREES AT 13 MPH...20 KM/H
MINIMUM CENTRAL PRESSURE...1004 MB...29.65 INCHES


WATCHES AND WARNINGS
--------------------
CHANGES WITH THIS ADVISORY...

A HURRICANE WATCH IS IN EFFECT FROM GRAND ISLE LOUISIANA EASTWARD TO
INDIAN PASS FLORIDA. THIS WATCH DOES NOT INCLUDE METROPOLITAN NEW
ORLEANS...LAKE MAUREPAS...OR LAKE PONTCHARTRAIN

A TROPICAL STORM WATCH IS IN EFFECT FROM WEST OF GRAND ISLE TO
MORGAN CITY LOUISIANA...METROPOLITAN NEW ORLEANS...LAKE
MAUREPAS...AND LAKE PONTCHARTRAIN.

SUMMARY OF WATCHES AND WARNINGS IN EFFECT...

A HURRICANE WATCH IS IN EFFECT FOR...
* GRAND ISLE LOUISIANA TO INDIAN PASS FLORIDA

A TROPICAL STORM WATCH IS IN EFFECT FOR...
* WEST OF GRAND ISLE TO MORGAN CITY LOUISIANA...
* METROPOLITAN NEW ORLEANS
* LAKE MAUREPAS
* LAKE PONTCHARTRAIN

A HURRICANE WATCH MEANS THAT HURRICANE CONDITIONS ARE POSSIBLE
WITHIN THE WATCH AREA. A WATCH IS TYPICALLY ISSUED 48 HOURS
BEFORE THE ANTICIPATED FIRST OCCURRENCE OF TROPICAL-STORM-FORCE
WINDS...CONDITIONS THAT MAKE OUTSIDE PREPARATIONS DIFFICULT OR
DANGEROUS.

A TROPICAL STORM WATCH MEANS THAT TROPICAL STORM CONDITIONS ARE
POSSIBLE WITHIN THE WATCH AREA...GENERALLY WITHIN 48 HOURS.

FOR STORM INFORMATION SPECIFIC TO YOUR AREA...INCLUDING POSSIBLE
INLAND WATCHES AND WARNINGS...PLEASE MONITOR PRODUCTS ISSUED BY
YOUR LOCAL NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE FORECAST OFFICE.


DISCUSSION AND 48-HOUR OUTLOOK
------------------------------
AT 800 AM CDT...1300 UTC...THE CENTER OF TROPICAL STORM KAREN WAS
LOCATED BY AN AIR FORCE RESERVE HURRICANE HUNTER AIRCRAFT NEAR
LATITUDE 22.0 NORTH...LONGITUDE 87.6 WEST. KAREN IS MOVING TOWARD
THE NORTH-NORTHWEST NEAR 13 MPH...20 KM/H. A GRADUAL TURN TOWARD
THE NORTH AND A DECREASE IN FORWARD SPEED ARE EXPECTED DURING THE
NEXT 48 HOURS.

MAXIMUM SUSTAINED WINDS ARE NEAR 60 MPH...95 KM/H...WITH HIGHER
GUSTS. SOME STRENGTHENING IS FORECAST DURING THE NEXT 48 HOURS...AND
KAREN IS EXPECTED TO BE AT OR NEAR HURRICANE STRENGTH ON FRIDAY.

TROPICAL STORM FORCE WINDS EXTEND OUTWARD UP TO 90 MILES...150 KM
FROM THE CENTER.

THE ESTIMATED MINIMUM CENTRAL PRESSURE BASED ON DATA FROM THE AIR
FORCE RESERVE HURRICANE HUNTER AIRCRAFT IS 1004 MB...29.65 INCHES.


HAZARDS AFFECTING LAND
----------------------
WIND...HURRICANE CONDITIONS ARE POSSIBLE WITHIN PORTIONS OF THE
HURRICANE WATCH AREA BY SATURDAY MORNING...WITH TROPICAL STORM
CONDITIONS POSSIBLE BY LATE FRIDAY.

RAINFALL...KAREN IS EXPECTED TO PRODUCE AREAS OF HEAVY RAINFALL OVER
PORTIONS OF WESTERN CUBA AND THE NORTHEASTERN YUCATAN PENINSULA
DURING THE NEXT DAY OR SO.


NEXT ADVISORY
-------------
NEXT COMPLETE ADVISORY...1000 AM CDT.

$$
FORECASTER BRENNAN
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3020. LargoFl
Member Since: August 6, 2011 Posts: 4 Comments: 36841
Dr. Masters should be clearing out the Blog with his analysis shortly.........He should be on board with the current forecast from NHC.
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What happens if the front stalls?
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3017. Torito
Quoting 3016. FunnelVortex:
Wow, Karen skipped TD status and went straight for a 60 MPH TS and with hurricane watches in Florida.


Yes, it should have been a TD last night. :/
Member Since: April 30, 2013 Posts: 5 Comments: 4316
Wow, Karen skipped TD status and went straight for a 60 MPH TS and with hurricane watches in Florida.
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Jeff co-founded the Weather Underground in 1995 while working on his Ph.D. He flew with the NOAA Hurricane Hunters from 1986-1990.