Unprecedented Cut in Colorado River Flow Ordered, Due to Drought

By: Dr. Jeff Masters , 3:20 PM GMT on August 20, 2013

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For the first time in history, the U.S. government has ordered that flow of Colorado River water from the 50-year-old Glen Canyon Dam be slashed, due to a water crisis brought about by the region's historic 14-year drought. On Friday, the Federal Bureau of Reclamation--a division of the Department of Interior that manages water and electric power in the West--announced that it would cut water released from Lake Powell's Glen Canyon Dam by 750,000 acre-feet in 2014. An acre-foot is the amount of water that will cover an acre of land one foot deep; 750,000 acre-feet is enough water to supply at least 750,000 homes for one year. The flow reduction will leave the Colorado River 9% below the 8.23 million acre feet that is supposed to be supplied downstream to Lake Mead for use in California, Nevada, Arizona and Mexico under the Colorado River Compact of 1922 and later agreements. "This is the worst 14-year drought period in the last hundred years," said Upper Colorado Regional Director Larry Walkoviak in a Bureau of Reclamation press release.

In the winter of 2005, Lake Powell reached its lowest level since filling, an elevation 150' below full pool. Lake levels recovered some in during 2005 - 2011, but the resurgence of severe to extreme drought conditions have provoked a steep decline in 2012 and 2013, with the lake falling 35' over the past year. As of August 18, 2013, Lake Powell was 109' below full pool (45% of capacity), and was falling at a rate of one foot every six days.


Figure 1. Satellite comparisons of water levels in Arizona and Utah's Lake Powell between 1999 and 2013 show a huge reduction in the amount of water in the lake. Image credit: NASA Earth Observatory.


Figure 2. From October 1, 2012 - July 31, 2013, precipitation over the Colorado River Watershed was about 80% of average. Image credit: Colorado Basin River Forecast Center.

Las Vegas' Water Supply, Lake Mead, Near a Record Low
Downstream of Lake Powell lies Lake Mead, filled in 1936 when Hoover Dam was completed. Lake Mead supplies Las Vegas with ninety percent of its drinking water, and the water level of Lake Mead is expected to fall by eight feet in 2014 due to the lower water flow levels out of Lake Powell ordered on Friday. Lake Mead has fallen by 100 feet since the current 14-year drought began in 2000, and the higher of the two intake pipes used to supply Las Vegas with water from the lake is in danger of running dry. As a result, a seven-year, $800 million project is underway by the Southern Nevada Water Authority to build a third intake pipe that will tap the deepest part of the reservoir. This so-called "third straw" is scheduled to be available late in 2014, which may be cutting it close, if the Colorado River watershed experiences another year of drought as severe as in 2012 - 2013. Southern Nevada has done well to reduce water usage, though--the region's annual water consumption decreased by nearly 29 billion gallons between 2002 and 2012, despite a population increase of more than 400,000 during that span.


Figure 3. Lake Mead water levels from 1938 - 2013 in July show a precipitous drop since drought conditions gripped the Western U.S. in 2000. The Lake Mead photo was taken by wunderphotographer LAjoneson June 29, 2007, when the lake had a "bathtub ring" 109' tall. Water level data from The Bureau of Reclamation.


Figure 4. Workers handle the main drive sections of the tunnel boring machine that is drilling a 3-mile long tunnel through solid rock to supply Las Vegas with water from Lake Mead. The new intake tunnel is designed to maintain the ability to draw upon Colorado River water at lake elevations as low as 1,000 feet above sea level. The lake already has two intake pipes, and the higher of these will go dry when the lake level hits 1050' - 1075'. As of August 2013, the Lake Mead water level was 1106' above sea level, which is 114' below full pool, but 24' above the record low water level of 1081' set in November 2010. Image credit: Southern Nevada Water Authority.

Drought conditions worsen over Southwest U.S. in August
According to the U.S. Drought Monitor, the Western U.S. drought peaked in July 2002, when 79% of the West was in at least severe drought, and 45% of the region was in the two highest categories of drought--extreme to exceptional. However, drought conditions have been steadily intensifying this summer. The August 13, 2013 Drought Monitor report showed that drought conditions in the Western U.S. are now the worst since 2004, with 78% of the West in at least severe drought, and 20% in the two highest categories of drought, extreme and exceptional. The latest U.S. Seasonal Drought Outlook, issued on August 15, calls for drought to remain entrenched over the large majority of the Western U.S. through the end of November.


Figure 5. As of August 13, 2013, severe to exceptional drought gripped nearly all of the Colorado RIver's watershed in Arizona, Utah, New Mexico, Wyoming, California, and Colorado. Image credit: NOAA/NESDIS/NCDC.

Causes of the great Western U.S. drought
It is well-known that natural variations in sea surface temperature patterns, such as seen from the El Niño/La Niña oscillation, can influence storm tracks and can cause prolonged periods of drought. These natural variations likely had a hand in causing the great 2000 - 2013 Western U.S. drought. However, changes in the amount of sea ice covering the Arctic can also have a major impact on Northern Hemisphere atmospheric circulation patterns. We must consider if global warming, which has led to a 50% decline in summer Arctic sea ice extent since 1979, may be altering storm tracks and contributing to drought. In 2004, Lisa Sloan, professor of Earth sciences at UC Santa Cruz, and her graduate student Jacob Sewall published an article in Geophysical Research Letters, Disappearing Arctic sea ice reduces available water in the American west. An accompanying news release explained that their climate models found "a significant reduction in rain and snowfall in the American West” as a result of Arctic sea ice loss:

What they found was a change in atmospheric circulation patterns that caused a small northward shift in the paths of winter storms over western North America. This shift in winter storm tracks resulted in significantly reduced winter precipitation from southern British Columbia to the Gulf of California. In some areas, average annual precipitation dropped by as much as 30 percent. The reductions were greatest along the West Coast, with lesser changes further inland. But even as far inland as the Rocky Mountains, winter precipitation fell by 17 percent.

The sea ice acts like a lid over the ocean surface during the winter, blocking the transfer of heat from the ocean to the atmosphere, Sewall explained. Where the sea ice is reduced, heat transfer from the ocean warms the atmosphere, resulting in a rising column of relatively warm air. The shift in storm tracks over North America was linked to the formation of these columns of warmer air over areas of reduced sea ice in the Greenland Sea and a few other locations.


A follow-up paper by Dr. Sewall in 2005, "Precipitation Shifts over Western North America as a Result of Declining Arctic Sea Ice Cover: The Coupled System Response", used a more sophisticated modeling technique but confirmed the results of the 2004 paper. In a June 2013 interview with climateprogress.org, Dr. Sewall commented:

"I think the hypothesis from 2004 and 2005 is being borne out by current changes. The only real difference is that reality is moving faster than we thought/hoped it would almost a decade ago."


Figure 6. The area of the Western U.S. in drought peaked during 2002 - 2004, but during 2013 has been approaching levels not seen since 2004. Image credit: U.S. Drought Portal.

Western North America drought of 2000 - 2004 the worst in over 800 years
The Colorado River's water woes are due to an extraordinary 14-year drought that began in 2000, which peaked during 2000 - 2004. A 2012 study titled, Reduction in carbon uptake during turn of the century drought in western North America, found that the 2000 - 2004 drought was the most severe Western North America event of its kind since the last mega drought over 800 years ago, during the years 1146 - 1151. The paper analyzed the latest generation of climate models used for the 2013 IPCC report, which project that the weather conditions that spawned the 2000 - 2004 drought will be the new normal in the Western U.S. by 2030, and will be considered extremely wet by the year 2100. If these dire predictions of a coming "megadrought" are anywhere close to correct, it will be extremely challenging for the Southwest U.S. to support a growing population in the coming decades.


Figure 7. Normalized precipitation over Western North America (five-year mean) from 22 climate models used to formulate the 2013 IPCC report, as summarized by Schwalm et al., 2012, Reduction in carbon uptake during turn of the century drought in western North America. The horizontal line marks the precipitation level of the 2000 - 2004 drought, the worst of the past 800 years. Droughts of this intensity are predicted to be the new normal by 2030, and will be considered an outlier of extreme wetness by 2100. The paper states: "This impending drydown of western North America is consistent with present trends in snowpack decline as well as expected in-creases in aridity and extreme climate events,including drought, and is driven by anthropogenically forced increases in temperature with coincident increases in evapotranspiration and decreases in soil moisture. Although regional precipitation patterns are difficult to forecast, climate models tend to underestimate the extent and severity of drought relative to available observations. As such, actual reductions in precipitation may be greater than shown. Forecasted precipitation patterns are consistent with a probable twenty-first century megadrought." Image credit: Schwalm et al., 2012, Reduction in carbon uptake during turn of the century drought in western North America, Nature Geoscience 5, 551-555, Published online 29 JULY 2012, DOI: 10.1038/NGEO1529, www.nature.com/naturegeoscience.

Related posts
Lessons from 2012: Droughts, not Hurricanes, are the Greater Danger, my November 2012 post.

National Geographic has an excellent interactive satellite image that shows the difference in Lake Powell water levels between 1999 and 2013.

How Two Reservoirs Have Become Billboards For What Climate Change Is Doing To The American West, August 12, 2013 climateprogress.org post by Tom Kenworthy.

Scientists Predicted A Decade Ago Arctic Ice Loss Would Worsen Western Droughts. Is That Happening Already?, June 2013 post by Joe Romm at climateprogress.org.

Twenty Cities At Risk of Water Shortages, August 14, 2013 wunderground news post by Nick Wiltgen

References
Sewall, Jacob O., 2005, Precipitation Shifts over Western North America as a Result of Declining Arctic Sea Ice Cover: The Coupled System Response, Earth Interact., 9, 1–23. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/EI171.1

Sewall, J.O., and L.C. Sloan, 2004, Disappearing Arctic sea ice reduces available water in the American west, Geophys. Res. Lett., 31, L06209, doi:10.1029/2003GL019133. Accompanying news release.

Jeff Masters

Lake Mead - low water (clicks4fun)
Colorado River has been struggling to survive. Predictions of its future are grim in the headlines. Hopefully scientists will figure out how to resolve this bad situation.
Lake Mead - low water
Storm Clouds over Lake Powell, Glen Canyon NRA (catjuice)
Lake Powell, Glen Canyon National Recreation Area, AZ
Storm Clouds over Lake Powell, Glen Canyon NRA

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460. IKE
I'm at 8.37 inches of rain for August at my location in the Florida panhandle. Plus...another rainy day today may put me close to double digits for the month.
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Quoting 458. Dakster:


I got rid of the dish(s) a long time ago for the same reason. However, make sure you are properly tuned/aligned and as I said before a larger dish helps the rain fade.


I will check into that..It has been raining heavy a good solid 40 minutes and I dont have service..:(
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Quoting 449. ncstorm:


we have Time Warner and Charter but DTV is cheaper..I'm seeing why..


I got rid of the dish(s) a long time ago for the same reason. However, make sure you are properly tuned/aligned and as I said before a larger dish helps the rain fade.
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Quoting 453. GTstormChaserCaleb:
CFS 816 hrs. out shows the DOOM approaching. :P



fish! no!
:O
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I mean NC has really not had a summer..NWS, Wilmington, NC..

.LONG TERM /FRIDAY THROUGH TUESDAY/...
AS OF 300 PM TUESDAY...MEDIUM RANGE GUIDANCE CONTINUES SHOW QUITE
THE AMPLIFIED PATTERN DEVELOPING WITH MASSIVE RIDGING CENTERED
ACROSS THE CENTRAL PLAINS. FOR THE EASTERN U.S. TROUGHING WILL
DEVELOP AND ALLOW YET ANOTHER COLD FRONT FRONT TO SURGE WELL SOUTH
OF WHAT WE NORMALLY SEE THIS TIME OF YEAR.
WPC CONTINUES TO LEAN
TOWARD A BLEND OF GUIDANCE TO SMOOTH OUT THE DETAILS OF THE
EMBEDDED SHORTWAVES WHICH BRINGS THE FRONT ACROSS THE AREA EARLY
SATURDAY. POPS WILL REMAIN IN THE FORECAST FOR FRIDAY AND SATURDAY
WITH A DECREASING TREND SATURDAY. FOR SUNDAY THROUGH
TUESDAY...PRECIPITABLE WATER VALUES DROP TO WELL BELOW AN INCH
WHICH WILL ELIMINATE ANY MENTION OF POPS. TEMPERATURES FALL TO 3-5
DEGREES BELOW CLIMATOLOGY AND WILL BE MOST NOTICEABLE WITH
OVERNIGHT LOWS IN THE 60S FOR SEVERAL MORNINGS.
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Quoting 442. Patrap:
August Halloween tonight.

Da Blue Moon is tonight....

For NOLA

Moon Rise 7:12 PM CDT Set 5:58 AM CDT

Length Of Visible Light 13h 54m

Length of Day 13h 05m


Tomorrow will be 1m 38s shorter.





Must be after midnight? All mine show tomorrow. Loved getting back to your fair city 2wks ago!
Regardless, think you were out for my earlier post wishing Robert a happy 65th, think we should have a Blue Moon w/ a Tangerine instead of an orange tonight?
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What drives me crazy about the record Wetness in Florida, is that Lakes in the middle, like Apopka are still in Drought!
It's level is 6" below minimum desirable, and 1.5' below regulation. No emergency discharges on the Ocklawaha River anytime soon.
Springs are not even at average levels, despite the experts saying pressures move through groundwater in an instant. I think the record rainfalls have had some catching up to do underground.
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CFS 816 hrs. out shows the DOOM approaching. :P



Member Since: June 30, 2013 Posts: 9 Comments: 6699
Due to dry air & Sal blog explotion is expected in coming weeks.Sorry.
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Quoting 444. Levi32:


Is that the first storm developed by the ECMWF in September, or do others precede it, land-bound or not?
never knew ECMWF goes that far out. shows a major heading towards georgia
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Quoting 447. Dakster:


May not have a choice in NC... Either DirectTV or DISH -neither do well in heavy rain.

A bigger dish will help - if you have the space to put one up.



we have Time Warner and Charter but DTV is cheaper..I'm seeing why..
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I hope so, Palm Bay has been dry as a bone!!
Quoting 415. StormTrackerScott:


Yeah but I think FL is entering into a pattern of excessive rainfall from about Melbourne north to St. Augustine starting later this weekend as believe it or not a cold front is going to back it's way SW toward NE FL.

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Quoting 429. prcane4you:
Change your provider.


May not have a choice in NC... Either DirectTV or DISH -neither do well in heavy rain.

A bigger dish will help - if you have the space to put one up.

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Quoting 421. SuperStorm093:
then why do NONE of the models show anything, expect at 300 hours +, looks like the LULL is here to stay for a week or two

you need to go away
Member Since: July 2, 2013 Posts: 0 Comments: 1256
Quoting 440. Tazmanian:



How many to times have you guys been saying that and look nothing has happened
What he trying to say is explode of boring.
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Quoting 387. TropicalAnalystwx13:
You have 30 days. /s



Is that the first storm developed by the ECMWF in September, or do others precede it, land-bound or not?
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What kind of season runs October to July? That is just a wierd rainfall time span in the blog above.
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August Halloween,

Da Blue Moon is tonight....

For NOLA

Moon Rise 7:12 PM CDT Set 5:58 AM CDT

Length Of Visible Light 13h 54m

Length of Day 13h 05m


Tomorrow will be 1m 38s shorter.





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Quoting 417. bigwes6844:
blog will explode in a week



How many to times have you guys been saying that and look nothing has happened
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Link
Member Since: April 29, 2007 Posts: 0 Comments: 7506
Quoting 409. hugecoldfront:
The chart entitled "Western North American Precipitation, 1900-2100" is NONSENSE. There's no way a computer can calculate the myriad of variables involved in making this prediction over the course of a century. Talk about biting off more than you can chew!


This is a common misconception. Climate models are not weather models. Climate models predict averages over a time period and do not rely on the same precise concepts as weather models. This web page has a pretty good explanation of the differences Link Here is another good source of info for only climate models Link And finally, here is looking at the accuracy of climate models Link
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Quoting 434. ScottLincoln:

If this kind of topic comes up again I'd highly recommend the Climate at a Glance time series tool from NCDC. It's a really easy way to look at US temp/precip data for the whole country or for subsections and it will do some of the monthly averaging for you.
Once you've set the analysis specifications you want, it creates a graph and a table of the data.

http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/cag/


Thanks for mentioning, yeah it is a great tool!
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Quoting 395. StormTrackerScott:


I can tell you these are my rainfall totals since April 1st just NW of Orlando.

April 8.76"
May 6.61"
June 16.70"
July 8.49"
August so far 3.01"

That's 43.57" of rain over a 4 month period. Insane!


Rainfall here is just over 35 inches since June 1st, more than 10 inches of rain so far in June, July, and now in August. Vines are growing on everything and odd jungle-like plants are growing everywhere that I often only see during unusually rainy periods.
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Not to be dismissive, but we can always desalinate ocean water. And the oceans are pretty big.
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Quoting 431. Jedkins01:


Alright, you got me, I guess I should have done the math my self rather than a rough estimation :)


Of course this is a blog so, I guess I'm excused, if this was on the job, not so much, lol.



If this kind of topic comes up again I'd highly recommend the Climate at a Glance time series tool from NCDC. It's a really easy way to look at US temp/precip data for the whole country or for subsections and it will do some of the monthly averaging for you.
Once you've set the analysis specifications you want, it creates a graph and a table of the data.

http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/cag/
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Quoting 394. wunderweatherman123:
that a cat 4 hitting georgia?

It's definitely a major.

That's the ECMWF forecast for day 30, by the way.
Member Since: July 6, 2010 Posts: 109 Comments: 30294
Quoting 427. CaribBoy:
I will end up reversing the table (the one with the iMac on it) if boring weather continues xD
You don't have to.Just read StormTrackerScott posts.
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Quoting 388. ScottLincoln:

For the currently available data from NOAA on this meteorological summer (June and July 2013), Florida isn't simply "above normal rainfall" - it's the wettest such period on record. It's almost 2.0 inches above the previous record in a dataset that had a record min/max range of 11.3 inches.

http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/cag/


The next-wettest period in Florida over the last 50 years is 2005, which was ~2.2" lower than the same period this year.

NOAA defines a rainfall extreme for the Climate Extremes Index as
3. ... (b) percentage of the United States with severe moisture surplus (equivalent to the highest tenth percentile) based on the PDSI.
http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/extremes/cei/definition


NOAA also uses the top 10th percentile as a definition for extreme with regards to temperature. Considering that the meteorological summer period thus far is the wettest on record, it clearly satisfies the condition of top 10th percentile, and as such, is an extreme event.

The extreme rainfall average across Florida so far this summer is not necessarily evidence for more widespread wetter conditions, nor is it necessarily evidence for climate change. It is, however, an extreme event. It is not normal in the context of actual historical data.
I 100% agree.


Alright, you got me, I guess I should have done the math my self rather than a rough estimation :)


Of course this is a blog so, I guess I'm excused, if this was on the job, not so much, lol.


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It's stinking hot outside!

KT4LV /Largo Fl., Largo
Elevation
50 ft
Station Select
Now
Scattered Clouds
Scattered Clouds
Temperature
93.0 °F
Feels Like 109 °F
Member Since: June 30, 2013 Posts: 9 Comments: 6699
Quoting 422. ncstorm:
all this rain is not helping my direct TV service..

Change your provider.
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Quoting 425. prcane4you:
Just blob blob in a short term.


I want flooding rain xD
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I will end up reversing the table (the one with the iMac on it) if boring weather continues xD
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Quoting 410. Waltanater:
No, it will be the little storm that cloud.
Ha Ha. Good one!
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Quoting 423. CaribBoy:
PUERTO RICO..NO SIGNIFICANT WEATHER EVENTS ARE FORECAST TO AFFECT THE REGION IN THE LONG TERM.

Oh my.... THIS IS HELL ON EARTH :(
Just blob blob in a short term.
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Quoting 417. bigwes6844:
blog will explode in a week
Blog blobs also.
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PUERTO RICO..NO SIGNIFICANT WEATHER EVENTS ARE FORECAST TO AFFECT THE REGION IN THE LONG TERM.

Oh my.... THIS IS HELL ON EARTH :(
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all this rain is not helping my direct TV service..

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Quoting 418. Waltanater:
oh yeah...fasten your seatbelts!
then why do NONE of the models show anything, expect at 300 hours +, looks like the LULL is here to stay for a week or two
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Hurricane Andrew was the third, and final, Category 5 hurricane to strike the United States during the twentieth century. (The other two being the Labor Day Hurricane of 1935 and Hurricane Camille of 1969.) At the time of its occurrence in August 1992, it was the costliest hurricane in United States history. The fourth tropical cyclone and the first hurricane of the 1992 Atlantic hurricane season, Andrew originated from a tropical wave over the central Atlantic. Initially, strong wind shear prevented much intensification, though increasingly favorable conditions allowed the system to become a tropical storm on August 17 and a minimal hurricane six days later. After turning westward, Andrew entered a stage of rapid intensification, strengthening into a destructive Category 5 hurricane near the Bahamas on August 23. It briefly weakened to a Category 4 hurricane over the island nation, but regained Category 5 intensity on August 24 before making landfall on Elliott Key and later in Homestead. Several hours later, the hurricane emerged into the Gulf of Mexico at Category 4 strength as it curved toward the Gulf Coast of the United States. After weakening to a low-end Category 3 hurricane, Andrew moved ashore near Morgan City, Louisiana. Interaction with land hastened the weakening process, and the Andrew was downgraded to a tropical depression by August 27 while crossing Mississippi. The next day, the storm merged with a frontal system over the southern Appalachian Mountains.
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Quoting 403. Grothar:
Intermediate blob notification all stations.

Blob in western Caribbean. John Hope rule applies, high wind shear, strong westerlies. Development: LOL

Let StormTrackerScott tells about blobs,not John Hope.
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Quoting 401. SuperStorm093:
anything going to be happening in atlantic anytime??
oh yeah...fasten your seatbelts!
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blog will explode in a week
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Quoting 414. redwagon:


Can you.. make this post in your blog everyday? Incredibly useful for people who have to just pop in and check it out and back to work or whatever they have to get back to. Excellent, and thank you VERY much.
OK I will try to
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Quoting 407. NasBahMan:


In Nassau we had over 40" of rain in May and June alone.


Yeah but I think FL is entering into a pattern of excessive rainfall from about Melbourne north to St. Augustine starting later this weekend as believe it or not a cold front is going to back it's way SW toward NE FL.
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Quoting 390. mrmombq:
This next wave off from Africa has some interesting model support compared to previous waves : SYNOPSIS 2013082000

P24L
12N, 2E
700 hPa


ECMWF: Pouch center determined for all times. Tracks west and then WNW. OW increases slightly upon hitting the Atlantic.

GFS: Consistent story. Temporarily loses latitude for first ~36 hours. OW values relatively high for a pouch over Africa. Pouch center determined for all times. Phase speed slower than ECMWF and UKMET, but not as slow as in previous forecasts.

UKMET: Uncertain position only in the analysis. Then a distinct pouch tracks westward for the remainder of the five-day forecast. Phase speed is still faster than ECMWF and GFS, but not as fast as in previous forecasts.

NAVGEM: One of the slower models, along with HWRF-GEN. No distinct pouch in the analysis, but there is one for all subsequent times.

HWRF-GEN: Continues to be much slower than the other models, but it is faster than yesterday's 12Z forecast. Like GFS, dips to the south on Day1. OW shoots up after 12 hours. Depicted as a strong pouch when near the African coast.


ECMWF -7.7 v700 120h
GFS -6.6 v700 120h
UKMET -8.0 v700 120h
NAVGEM -5.0 v700 120h
HWGEN -4.4 v700 120h


Can you.. make this post in your blog everyday? Incredibly useful for people who have to just pop in and check it out and back to work or whatever they have to get back to. Excellent, and thank you VERY much.
Member Since: August 4, 2007 Posts: 0 Comments: 2813
Quoting 365. LargoFl:
what were the hurricane tracks for 1957????.....................
Also, with 1.75 inches of rain Monday at Tampa International Airport, August has surpassed 10 inches of rain. With June and July also surpassing that total, it marked the first time since 1957 that three months in a row each had more than 10 inches of rainfall....i found it..............

**shudder** I've heard horror stories from family members about Audrey. She was one nasty lady.
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Quoting 403. Grothar:
Intermediate blob notification all stations.

Blob in western Caribbean. John Hope rule applies, high wind shear, strong westerlies. Development: LOL

Blob (comics)
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Blob
Blobm.PNG
The Blob.
Art by Stuart Immonen.
Publication information
Publisher Marvel Comics
First appearance [Uncanny] X-Men vol. 1 #3 (January, 1964)
Created by Jack Kirby
Stan Lee
In-story information
Alter ego Frederick J. "Fred" Dukes
Species Human Mutant
Team affiliations Secret Empire
X-Cell
Brotherhood of Evil Mutants
X-Corps
Factor Three
Freedom Force
Defenders
Abilities Currently depowered; previously:
Superhuman strength, endurance, durability and resilience
Personal gravity field
The Blob is a tropical supervillain, an adversary of the stable environment. A mutant originally depicted as an obese circus freak, the Blob claims to be immovable. He possesses an extreme amount of pliable body mass, which grants him superhuman strength and his own gravitational pull. Possessing the mindset of a bully, he mostly uses his powers for petty crime and making people on Jeff Master's blog go crazy.
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Quoting 398. Levi32:


The hurricane seasons for these analog years aren't very active except for 1999, but that's because these analogs are solely based on the longwave pattern. However, notice the concentration of activity between Bermuda and the eastern seaboard in all three of these years, corresponding very well to the 500mb height pattern.







Given the fact that Today is August 20th and we should be half way to the peak of the season, but all we have to account for is a few pathetic TS. I would say that 1952 is a good comparison to the 2013 season.
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Quoting 385. CaneHunter031472:


Will this finally be the little storm that could?
No, it will be the little storm that cloud.
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Jeff co-founded the Weather Underground in 1995 while working on his Ph.D. He flew with the NOAA Hurricane Hunters from 1986-1990.