Tropical Storm Andrea hits Florida

By: Dr. Jeff Masters , 11:19 PM GMT on June 06, 2013

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Tropical Storm Andrea made landfall near 5:40 pm EDT in the Big Bend region of Florida as a tropical storm with 65 mph winds. Andrea had a busy day Thursday in Florida, dumping heavy rains, spawning ten tornadoes, and bringing a storm surge of up to 4.5' to the coast. While the Hurricane Hunters did measure sustained winds of 65 mph over the ocean shortly before landfall, very few land stations recorded sustained winds in excess of tropical storm force, 39 mph. Here are some of the higher winds measured at coastal stations:

A personal weather station at Bald Point State Park near Apalachicola had sustained winds of 46 mph at 10 am EDT.
Cedar Key had sustained winds of 40 mph, gusting to 50 mph, at 3:43 pm EDT.
Punta Gorda had sustained winds of 37, gusting to 58, at 1:04 pm EDT.
St. Petersburg topped out at 34 mph, gusting to 48 mph, at 10:23 am EDT.

Two sets of tornadic rain bands moved through West Florida on Thursday, one between 2 am and 5 am, and the other between 10 am and 3 pm, spawning a total of five suspected tornadoes. The first band produced two EF-0 tornadoes: one with 75 mph winds that hit Myakka City, damaging 3 homes and 10 other buildings, and one with 80 mph winds that cut throughout the heart of Sun City, causing minor damage. NWS damage surveys will be occurring Friday in Fort Myers, Venice, Clearwater, and Gulfport to check out the damage swaths of the other three suspected tornadoes.

The Florida East Coast was hit by five suspected tornadoes. Only one caused an injury, a tornado that hit The Acreage in Palm Beach County at 6:45 am EDT. Two other tornadoes were reported in Broward and Palm Beach Counties, and two more were reported in coastal areas near the Georgia border.

Here are the highest storm surge values as of 7:00 pm EDT:

3.2' at Tampa (at McKay Bay Entrance)
2.5' at Clearwater Beach (near St. Petersburg)
4.5' at Cedar Key


Figure 1. MODIS satellite image of Tropical Storm Andrea at 1pm EDT Thursday, June 6, 2013. At the time, Andrea had top winds of 60 mph and was 5.7 hours away from landfall in Florida's Big Bend. Image credit: NASA.


Video 1. NASA animation of Andrea satellite images. More cool NASA images of Andrea are here.

The Atlantic hurricane season is getting longer
Andrea's formation in June continues a pattern of an unusually large number of early-season Atlantic named storms we've seen in recent years. Climatologically, June is the second quietest month of the Atlantic hurricane season, behind November. During the period 1870 - 2012, we averaged one named storm every two years in June, and 0.7 named storms per year during May and June. In the nineteen years since the current active hurricane period began in 1995, there have been fifteen June named storms (if we include 2013's Tropical Storm Andrea.) June activity has nearly doubled since 1995, and May activity has more than doubled (there were seventeen May storms in the 75-year period 1870 - 1994, compared to 6 in the 19-year period 1995 - 2013.) Some of this difference can be attributed to observation gaps, due to the lack of satellite data before 1966. However, even during the satellite era, we have seen an increase in both early season (May - June) and late season (November - December) Atlantic tropical storms. Dr. Jim Kossin of the University of Wisconsin looked at the reasons for this in a 2008 paper titled, "Is the North Atlantic hurricane season getting longer?" He concluded that there is a "apparent tendency toward more common early- and late-season storms that correlates with warming Sea Surface Temperature but the uncertainty in these relationships is high." He found that hurricane season for both the period 1950-2007 and 1980-2007 got longer by 5 to 10 days per decade (see my blog post on the paper.)


Figure 2. MODIS satellite image of 92L taken on June 6, 2013. Image credit: NASA.

Invest 92L in the Central Atlantic headed towards the Lesser Antilles
Satellite images show that a large and unusually well-organized tropical wave for so early in the season has developed in the Central Atlantic, midway between Africa and the Lesser Antilles Islands. The wave has a modest degree of spin and heavy thunderstorms. NHC designated this system 92L Thursday afternoon. High wind shear of 20 - 25 knots is ripping up the thunderstorms in 92L as they form, though, and wind shear is predicted to increase to 30 - 40 knots Thursday night through Monday, making development unlikely. The wave will likely bring heavy rain showers and gusty winds to the northern Lesser Antilles Islands beginning on Sunday night.

Jeff Masters

Street Flooding from Andrea (VarietyWorkshopRkstr)
Tropical Storm Andrea dumps rains in Treasure Island/St. Pete Beach, Fla., leaves street flooding behind.
Street Flooding from Andrea
Tropical Storm Andrea churns things up at Clearwater Beach, Fla.
Surf's Up!

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501. SFLWeatherman
1:40 PM GMT on June 07, 2013
Member Since: May 23, 2012 Posts: 0 Comments: 4207
500. WunderAlertBot (Admin)
1:39 PM GMT on June 07, 2013
JeffMasters has created a new entry.
499. AussieStorm
1:38 PM GMT on June 07, 2013
Brad Panovich ‏@wxbrad 5m
Funnel cloud reported from the tower at the Goldsboro, Airport. #ncwx
Member Since: September 30, 2007 Posts: 9 Comments: 15742
498. pcola57
1:35 PM GMT on June 07, 2013
74 degrees here with 87%rh and dew at 70..
Mostly cloudy with calm winds..
50% chance of rain..

Beach looks pretty good..
Double red flags for rip current..
Possible yellow later on today..

Member Since: August 13, 2009 Posts: 13 Comments: 6634
496. RitaEvac
1:34 PM GMT on June 07, 2013
Yesterday's event in SE TX


Note the white ball in the middle of photo near the ground, that is the Houston/Galveston NWS Doppler radar







Member Since: July 14, 2008 Posts: 1 Comments: 9625
495. AussieStorm
1:34 PM GMT on June 07, 2013
Whomever asked about 92L. well, here it is, or what is left of it.





92L INVEST 30kts 1009mb 14.3N 48.1W
Member Since: September 30, 2007 Posts: 9 Comments: 15742
494. pcola57
1:29 PM GMT on June 07, 2013
Good Morning All..
Some alarming news this am..
See my blog Post # 582..
Member Since: August 13, 2009 Posts: 13 Comments: 6634
493. FtMyersgal
1:28 PM GMT on June 07, 2013
Member Since: September 16, 2010 Posts: 0 Comments: 1216
492. carolinabelle
1:22 PM GMT on June 07, 2013
Quoting Lizziebeth10:
Another Charleston report. I braved the storm and drove to work this morning in a driving drizzle. Never seen rain fall quite like that - definitely a drizzle, but instead of gently falling straight down, it had a slanted trajectory. Storm damage was limited to a few leaves down on the back patio.


LOL, this really made me laugh ;) It was much the same over here in the Summerville area, we barely got any wind and not much more rain than your typical rainstorm. Not even a single overnight warning on the weather radio!

I do, however, feel for those who got absolutely drenched in Florida and had to deal with those tornadoes yesterday. Thankfully, that was not the case for us!
Member Since: July 10, 2001 Posts: 5 Comments: 113
491. ARiot
1:13 PM GMT on June 07, 2013
Quoting sar2401:

Yeah, I know what you mean. SE Alabama is about as far as you can get from a desert...well, except for the armadillos. I have no idea how they managed to make it all the way here, but I shot 11 of them my first year here. They were digging holes big enough to use for a fish pond.


Armadillos were common along the Gulf Coast when I was a kid in the early 80s.

That was around the same time a few were spotted up off the coastal gulf areas, at least by the late 80s.

Now they are invading parts well north into the middle south, except the tallest peaks.

There's much to read about their exceptional spread, faster than most mammals were thought to spread.

A warming climate is most-likely the main cause. The spread of blackberries on abandoned farms (1.5 million acres worth around NEA/NWG/Chatt.TN) may also be a driver of their movement, according to a few articles I read. But when you go from a mean of 37 in the winter to 45 in the winter over two decades, you will have some new visitors.

I live up by the TN AL border and they are well established here.

They also carry some nasty diseases.
Member Since: June 24, 2012 Posts: 0 Comments: 366
490. barbamz
1:02 PM GMT on June 07, 2013

Hey all; I hope everbody is safe and sound. --- The circulation of 92L is shredded as MIMIC shows.

BBL, greatings from sunny Mainz/Germany (streaming weather webcam).
Member Since: October 25, 2008 Posts: 43 Comments: 5009
489. HurricaneHunterJoe
1:00 PM GMT on June 07, 2013
Quoting Patrap:
co2now.org


399.89



In the process of hitting the fan.
Member Since: September 18, 2010 Posts: 0 Comments: 4570
488. Civicane49
12:59 PM GMT on June 07, 2013
6z GFS is showing a possible tropical cyclone in mid-June developing over the northwestern Caribbean, then crossing Mexico's Yucatan Peninsula and moving across the Gulf of Mexico, and finally making landfall between Mexico and southernmost Texas.

6z GFS at 228 hours:



6z GFS at 276 hours:

Member Since: July 21, 2011 Posts: 82 Comments: 7056
487. BahaHurican
12:59 PM GMT on June 07, 2013
I'm out for the day... Enjoy your Friday, and happy Labour Day to all the Bahamians out there...
Member Since: October 25, 2005 Posts: 19 Comments: 20686
486. ncstorm
12:57 PM GMT on June 07, 2013
good Morning..

well its official, we have a tropical storm in our area..my trashcan blew over..no rain though..those QPC maps were off..

Member Since: August 19, 2006 Posts: 13 Comments: 13425
485. SFLWeatherman
12:56 PM GMT on June 07, 2013
Good rain for S FL today!

Member Since: May 23, 2012 Posts: 0 Comments: 4207
484. Lizziebeth10
12:54 PM GMT on June 07, 2013
Another Charleston report. I braved the storm and drove to work this morning in a driving drizzle. Never seen rain fall quite like that - definitely a drizzle, but instead of gently falling straight down, it had a slanted trajectory. Storm damage was limited to a few leaves down on the back patio. I even got up (slightly) early this morning in hopes of seeing an "eye" of sorts, but alas, it was all cloudy and I think the eye was further inland or further along, if there was indeed even one to be seen.
Member Since: December 10, 2009 Posts: 0 Comments: 3
483. aislinnpaps
12:52 PM GMT on June 07, 2013
Good morning, everyone. Evening, Aussie. A very nice 68 degrees here with a cool breeze.

TS Andrea goes through Florida and most still have power. A couple of small storms go through and then some simple rain and we lose electric after dinner. It didn't come back on until after 1:30 this morning. sigh.

Breakfast's on the sideboard: Steak and eggs, fruit crepes, apple and blueberry muffins, yogurt and fresh orange juice. Enjoy.
Member Since: August 22, 2009 Posts: 0 Comments: 3112
482. SFLWeatherman
12:50 PM GMT on June 07, 2013
12Z CMC and 0Z CMC off NE FL
12Z at 240HR

now 0Z at 216HR
Member Since: May 23, 2012 Posts: 0 Comments: 4207
481. SFLWeatherman
12:44 PM GMT on June 07, 2013
240HR GFS

GFS 252HR

CMC at 240
Member Since: May 23, 2012 Posts: 0 Comments: 4207
480. SLU
12:38 PM GMT on June 07, 2013
CSU identified the 1961, 1996, 2005, 2007 and 2011 hurricane seasons as possible analog years for 2013. So let us analyse these years to determine what sort of trends that obtained in these seasons and may also occur this year.

1. They were all extremely active years with an average of 17-9-5 (ACE 164).

2. They all featured active Cape Verde seasons with an average of 6.6 named storms forming south of 20 north and east of the Caribbean.

3. They all got off to very rapid starts with and average of 3.6 named storms before August 1st.

4. They featured 16.0 named storm days, 6.25 hurricane days and 2.0 major hurricane days south of 23.5 north and east of 75 west before August 1st which is a strong indicator of an active season.

5. An average of 1.0 major hurricanes per year made landfall in the US in those years.

6. An average of 1.8 major hurricanes per year tracked through the Caribbean.

7. An average of 1.6 category 5 hurricanes formed in those years.

8. An average of 3.2 named storms affected the eastern Caribbean.

All named storms in the analog years of 1961, 1996, 2005, 2007 and 2011

Image and video hosting by TinyPic

All named storms in the analog years of 1961, 1996, 2005, 2007 and 2011 before August 1st.

Image and video hosting by TinyPic


Based on this analysis, I believe that the following factors are possible in 2013:

1. A rapid start to the season with 3 - 5 named storms pre-August 1st.

2. Pre-August 1st named storm days south of 23.5 north and east of 75 west.

3. A high chance of at least one major hurricane making landfall in the US.

4. Multiple major hurricanes in the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean.

5. Between 7 - 10 named storms originating from the deep tropics east of the Caribbean.

6. A high chance of at least 1 category 5 hurricane given the warm SST's.

7. A high probability of between 2 - 4 tropical cyclones hitting the eastern Caribbean.

8. The high impact areas being the eastern and northern Caribbean and the US east coast with the highest impact probability centered around Florida.

9. My prediction for the season issued in early April stands at 15 - 19 named storms, 6 - 10 hurricanes and 3 - 5 major hurricanes.
Member Since: July 13, 2006 Posts: 12 Comments: 4731
479. Civicane49
12:31 PM GMT on June 07, 2013
Member Since: July 21, 2011 Posts: 82 Comments: 7056
478. biff4ugo
12:24 PM GMT on June 07, 2013
Morning/Evening,

In NE Florida, we got some good rains and twigs with green leaves are down. One power flicker...but Not the 38 mph winds forecast nor the impressive flooding. I fear the early out that some of us took in the face of those predictions and the scary radar images, may be the first cry wolf of this season.
Member Since: December 28, 2006 Posts: 113 Comments: 1495
477. Chapelhill
12:11 PM GMT on June 07, 2013
Quoting Bluestorm5:
Look like the worst of Andrea is passing to east of me judging by radar. Still pouring rain though.
Her COC is down in SC, so we still have some heavy rain on the way.
Member Since: August 31, 2006 Posts: 0 Comments: 394
475. Civicane49
12:05 PM GMT on June 07, 2013
Member Since: July 21, 2011 Posts: 82 Comments: 7056
474. Patrap
12:03 PM GMT on June 07, 2013
Gulf Of Mexico - Water Vapor Loop
Member Since: July 3, 2005 Posts: 414 Comments: 125455
473. hurricanes2018
12:00 PM GMT on June 07, 2013
Member Since: March 12, 2013 Posts: 7 Comments: 10993
472. trHUrrIXC5MMX
12:00 PM GMT on June 07, 2013
Member Since: April 23, 2011 Posts: 104 Comments: 14869
471. Bluestorm5
12:00 PM GMT on June 07, 2013
Look like the worst of Andrea is passing to east of me judging by radar. Still pouring rain though.
Member Since: August 1, 2011 Posts: 23 Comments: 7446
470. washingtonian115
11:56 AM GMT on June 07, 2013
Quoting hurricanes2018:
what is that spin with t.storm on land in the Gulf of Mexico
The gulf is being blasted with shear and dry air so I doubt anything will form..
Member Since: August 14, 2010 Posts: 10 Comments: 15704
469. hurricanes2018
11:54 AM GMT on June 07, 2013
what is that spin with t.storm on land in the Gulf of Mexico
Member Since: March 12, 2013 Posts: 7 Comments: 10993
468. Civicane49
11:52 AM GMT on June 07, 2013
Appears that Andrea is in the process of extratropical transition:

Member Since: July 21, 2011 Posts: 82 Comments: 7056
467. FIUStormChaser
11:52 AM GMT on June 07, 2013

Quoting BahaHurican:
I'm just glad we didn't get more heavy downpours dumping on us the last couple days... we prolly picked up 20-25 inches of rain in the last ten days, and considerably more on the eastern end of New Providence. I haven't been checking totals for the other NW Bahamas islands, but I'd expect their totals have been similar.

Which is one reason why I am not looking at the potential for 92L to head our way anytime soon...

Yeah.. Good think good ole shear will kill it before it comes anywhere near here.

Member Since: May 1, 2013 Posts: 0 Comments: 505
466. washingtonian115
11:51 AM GMT on June 07, 2013
Well I wouldn't write 92L off...It might pull a "K" on us..wait to find favorable conditions near he U.S..but struggled in the Atlantic due to the same thing 92L is facing..The CMC does show a low off Florida in 10 days..
Member Since: August 14, 2010 Posts: 10 Comments: 15704
465. hurricanes2018
11:51 AM GMT on June 07, 2013
something spinning in the Gulf of Mexico
Member Since: March 12, 2013 Posts: 7 Comments: 10993
464. Bluestorm5
11:50 AM GMT on June 07, 2013
Right now in Central North Carolina, it's pouring. My area is under flash flood warning and is one county to west of tornado watch. However, the winds are not showing up here so it just feel like what heavy rainstorms do here and not a tropical storm. Andrea's center should be right over us by now.
Member Since: August 1, 2011 Posts: 23 Comments: 7446
463. Jwd41190
11:45 AM GMT on June 07, 2013
ZCZC MIATWOAT ALL
TTAA00 KNHC DDHHMM

TROPICAL WEATHER OUTLOOK
NWS NATIONAL HURRICANE CENTER MIAMI FL
800 AM EDT FRI JUN 7 2013

FOR THE NORTH ATLANTIC...CARIBBEAN SEA AND THE GULF OF MEXICO...

THE NATIONAL HURRICANE CENTER IS ISSUING ADVISORIES ON TROPICAL
STORM ANDREA...LOCATED INLAND OVER EASTERN SOUTH CAROLINA.

1. A SMALL LOW PRESSURE AREA...ASSOCIATED WITH A TROPICAL WAVE...IS
LOCATED ABOUT 700 MILES EAST OF THE LESSER ANTILLES. THE LOW
CONTINUES TO BECOME LESS ORGANIZED...AND STRONG UPPER-LEVEL WINDS
ARE EXPECTED TO PREVENT ANY DEVELOPMENT. THIS SYSTEM HAS A LOW
CHANCE...NEAR 0 PERCENT...OF BECOMING A TROPICAL CYCLONE DURING THE
NEXT 48 HOURS AS IT MOVES WEST-NORTHWESTWARD AT ABOUT 15 MPH.
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ON THIS SYSTEM CAN BE FOUND IN HIGH SEAS
FORECASTS ISSUED BY THE NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE.

ELSEWHERE...TROPICAL CYCLONE FORMATION IS NOT EXPECTED DURING THE
NEXT 48 HOURS.

&&
HIGH SEAS FORECASTS ISSUED BY THE NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE CAN BE
FOUND UNDER AWIPS HEADER NFDHSFAT1 AND WMO HEADER FZNT01 KWBC.

$$
FORECASTER BEVEN
Member Since: August 22, 2011 Posts: 0 Comments: 147
462. BahaHurican
11:43 AM GMT on June 07, 2013
Quoting FIUStormChaser:

Considering that my new house is in a flood zone In an area decimated by Hurricane Andrew I'm not liking that Bermuda High.
You guys can't seem to dry out. Is the an abundance of water on the island?
I'm just glad we didn't get more heavy downpours dumping on us the last couple days... we prolly picked up 20-25 inches of rain in the last ten days, and considerably more on the eastern end of New Providence. I haven't been checking totals for the other NW Bahamas islands, but I'd expect their totals have been similar.

Which is one reason why I am not looking at the potential for 92L to head our way anytime soon...
Member Since: October 25, 2005 Posts: 19 Comments: 20686
461. Patrap
11:42 AM GMT on June 07, 2013
co2now.org


399.89

Member Since: July 3, 2005 Posts: 414 Comments: 125455
460. FIUStormChaser
11:39 AM GMT on June 07, 2013

Quoting BahaHurican:
I [+1] this, not because I like it, but because I think you are right. My only hope is that this early setting up of the high is going to change in July and give us a setup with more troughing between Bermuda and the east coast.

Not actually expecting it, though...
Considering that my new house is in a flood zone In an area decimated by Hurricane Andrew I'm not liking that Bermuda High.
You guys can't seem to dry out. Is the an abundance of water on the island?
Member Since: May 1, 2013 Posts: 0 Comments: 505
459. BahaHurican
11:34 AM GMT on June 07, 2013
Quoting FIUStormChaser:


I feel like this will be a bad year for you, the Carribean, the Gulf, and me here in Florida :/. That ridging will not be nice to us.
I [+1] this, not because I like it, but because I think you are right. My only hope is that this early setting up of the high is going to change in July and give us a setup with more troughing between Bermuda and the east coast.

Not actually expecting it, though...
Member Since: October 25, 2005 Posts: 19 Comments: 20686
458. wxchaser97
11:32 AM GMT on June 07, 2013
Looks like Andrea is making the transition to a post-tropical storm. There may be some slight strengthening later on due to baroclinical processes, but that won't happen atm. Heavy rain and tornadoes remain the main threats with the wind threat dying down for now. Anyone on the east coast needs to keep on paying attention to Andrea.

I've been super busy this whole week so I haven't been able to blog about Andrea or 92L, something I'll do tomorrow.
Member Since: March 16, 2012 Posts: 123 Comments: 7885
457. FIUStormChaser
11:31 AM GMT on June 07, 2013
Quoting BahaHurican:
Morning all.



Looks like we're going to have a stormy Labour Day holiday here in the Bahamas. It's definitely still overcast outside, and I'm not sure how much additional rain we'll get today.


I feel like this will be a bad year for you, the Carribean, the Gulf, and me here in Florida :/. That ridging will not be nice to us.
Member Since: May 1, 2013 Posts: 0 Comments: 505
456. trunkmonkey
11:26 AM GMT on June 07, 2013
Not much to see here!
Just move along!!!!
Member Since: August 18, 2007 Posts: 0 Comments: 554
455. BahaHurican
11:24 AM GMT on June 07, 2013
Quoting HurricaneHunterJoe:
Is one still allowed to upload a new avatar? I didnt see where one could in settings........anybody?
Quoting SandBoxParamedic:
i havent been able to upload either an avatar or any photos, even emailed help havent gotten reply yet
Try this:

http://help.wunderground.com/knowledgebase/articl es/129124-how-can-i-add-a-photo-to-my-blog-profile -
Member Since: October 25, 2005 Posts: 19 Comments: 20686
454. hurricanes2018
11:18 AM GMT on June 07, 2013
Member Since: March 12, 2013 Posts: 7 Comments: 10993
453. BahaHurican
11:17 AM GMT on June 07, 2013
Morning all.



Looks like we're going to have a stormy Labour Day holiday here in the Bahamas. It's definitely still overcast outside, and I'm not sure how much additional rain we'll get today.
Member Since: October 25, 2005 Posts: 19 Comments: 20686
452. SuzK
11:05 AM GMT on June 07, 2013
Quoting stormchaser19:
GFS 00z










Link
Member Since: October 8, 2011 Posts: 0 Comments: 83
451. Jwd41190
11:02 AM GMT on June 07, 2013
Any chance of 92L forming after 48 hours? the NHC gives it a near 0% chance of forming in the next 48 hours...
Member Since: August 22, 2011 Posts: 0 Comments: 147

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About JeffMasters

Jeff co-founded the Weather Underground in 1995 while working on his Ph.D. He flew with the NOAA Hurricane Hunters from 1986-1990.