Red River Rising: a Top-Ten Fargo Flood in 4 of the Past 5 Years

By: Dr. Jeff Masters , 3:44 PM GMT on April 29, 2013

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The Red River at Fargo, North Dakota surpassed major flood level on Sunday and continues to rise, with a peak expected Wednesday at the 9th highest flood level observed since 1897. On Friday, the President an emergency declaration for North Dakota because of the flooding, and millions of sandbags have been filled in anticipation of the huge flood. This year will be the fourth time in the past five years that Fargo has experienced a top-ten flood in recorded history. Flood stage is eighteen feet, and the Red River has now reached flood stage at Fargo for an astounding nineteen of the past twenty years, according to the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. Prior to this remarkable stretch of flooding (which began in 1993), the river flooded in just 29 of 90 years. The Army Corps of Engineers calculates that in the last twenty years, the Red River has had ten 1-in-10 year floods--one every two years, on average. Two of these floods (1997 and 2011) were greater than 1-in-50 year floods, and one (2009) was a 1-in-100 year flood. That year, the Red River hit a record high-water mark of nearly 41 feet, or 23 feet above flood stage. Thousands of people had to leave home for higher ground, and about 100 homes were badly damaged or rendered unlivable. This year's flood will be somewhere between a 1-in-10 year to 1-in-50 year flood. Since a 1-in-10 year flood, historically, has a 10% chance of occurring in a given year, the incidence of flooding along the Red River over the past twenty years has clearly been extraordinarily abnormal.


Figure 1. View of the Red River of the North at the Fargo gauge taken on April 24, 2013 (top) and April 29, 2013 (bottom.) The river rose from 17' on the 24th (flood stage is 18') to 31' on the 29th. Image credit: USGS.

Reasons for this year's flood: unfavorable weather conditions
The USGS cites five weather factors that can act to increase flooding along the Red River. Four out of five of these factors occurred to a significant degree this year:

1) Above-normal amounts of precipitation in the fall of the year that produce high levels of soil moisture, particularly in flat surface areas, in the basin. North Dakota had its 9th wettest fall since 1895 during 2012.

2) Freezing of saturated ground in late fall or early winter, before significant snowfall occurs, that produces a hard, deep frost that limits infiltration of runoff during snowmelt. Fargo had temperatures that hit 50°F on December 2 - 3, 2012, followed by a sudden plunge to below-freezing temperatures that began on December 7. Temperatures remained below freezing the rest of December, and this froze the saturated ground to a great depth.

3) Above-normal winter snowfall in the basin. Fargo received 68.4" of snow during the winter, which is well above the city's average of 50".

4) Above-normal precipitation during snowmelt. Fargo has received 2.06" of precipitation so far this April, compared to the average of 1.23".

5) Above-normal temperatures during snowmelt. Fargo got lucky here. High temperatures in Fargo have been above average only two days during April, on the 26th and 27th.


Figure 2. Current and forecast flood stage for the Red River of the North at Fargo, ND. The river passed major flood stage on Sunday, and is headed for a crest near 35.5' (which is 17.5' above flood stage) on Wednesday. You can access images like these using our wundermap for Fargo with the "USGS River" layer turned on. Click on the icon for USGS station 05054000, then hit the "click for graph" link.

Reasons for flooding: increased urbanization
Urbanization has had a major impact on increasing flooding not only along the Red River, but in every river basin in the U.S. Many cities and developed areas are located in flood plains next to major rivers and their tributaries. Highways, streets, parking lots, sidewalks, and buildings now cover large areas of the ground that used to absorb excess rain water and slow the rate at which run-off from precipitation and melting snow reached rivers. By developing large portions of our flood plains, run-off now reaches rivers more quickly, generating higher floods.

Reasons for flooding: building more levees and flood defenses
Defending ourselves against floods has made floods worse. Every time a new levee is built, or an old flood wall raised in height to prevent overtopping, more and more water is forced into the river bed, which raises the height of the flood. Flood waters that used to be able to spread out over their natural flood plains are now forbidden from spilling out over newly developed land in flood plains. For example, a 2010 proposed improvement to the flood defense system in Fargo could cause a 4 - 10 inch rise in floods immediately downstream from the city, according to the Army Corps of Engineers.


Figure 3. Peak flow of the Red River at Fargo, North Dakota from 1901 - 2012. Three of the top five floods since 1901 have occurred since 2009. The projected crest for 2013 would be the seventh greatest flood since 1897. The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers lists the 10-year flood level for the Red River at Fargo to be 10,300 cubic feet per second (cfs), and a 50-year flood to be 22,300 cfs. A 10-year flood, historically, has a 10% chance of occurring in a given year. In the last twenty years, the Red River has had ten 10-year floods--one every two years, on average. Two of these floods (1997 and 2011) were greater than 1-in-50 year floods, and one (2009) was a 1-in-100 year flood. This year will be the fourth year out of the past five with a greater than 1-in-20 year flood. Image credit: U.S. Geological Survey.

Reasons for flooding: precipitation is increasing
Over the past century, precipitation over the Red River of the North drainage basin in Eastern North Dakota and Western Minnesota has increased by about 15%--more than any other region of the country. This fits the pattern expected by climate change models, which predict that winter and spring precipitation will increase by another 15% by the year 2100 over the Red River of the North drainage basin. As the climate warms, evaporation of moisture from the oceans increases, resulting in more water vapor in the air. According to the 2007 IPCC report, water vapor in the global atmosphere has increased by about 5% over the 20th century, and 4% since 1970. Satellite measurements (Trenberth et al., 2005) have shown a 1.3% per decade increase in water vapor over the global oceans since 1988. Santer et al. (2007) used a climate model to study the relative contribution of natural and human-caused effects on increasing water vapor, and concluded that this increase was "primarily due to human-caused increases in greenhouse gases". This was also the conclusion of Willet et al. (2007).


Figure 4. The colors on the map show annual total precipitation changes (percent) for 1991-2011 compared to the 1901-1960 average, and show wetter conditions in most areas (McRoberts and Nielsen-Gammon 2011). The bars on the graphs show average precipitation differences by decade for 1901-2011 (relative to the 1901-1960 average) for each region. The far right bar is for 2001-2011. (Figure source: NOAA NCDC/CICS-NC. Data from NOAA NCDC.) Note that precipitation over the Red River of the North drainage basin in Eastern North Dakota and Western Minnesota (outlined in red) has increased by about 15%--more than any other region of the country. Image credit: National Climate Assessment Draft, 2013.


Figure 5. Projected seasonal precipitation change for winter and spring (percent) for 2071-2099 (compared to1901-1960) as projected by the climate models used to formulate the 2013 IPCC climate change report, assuming we keep emitting heat-trapping gases like carbon dioxide to the atmosphere at current rates. Teal indicates precipitation increases, and brown, decreases. Hatched areas indicate confidence that the projected changes are large and are consistently wetter or drier. In general, areas that are wet are expected to get wetter, and areas that are dry will get drier. White areas indicate confidence that the changes are small. The Red River Valley is expected to see a precipitation increase of at least 20%, which would lead to bigger and more frequent spring floods. (Figure source: NOAA NCDC / CICS-NC. Data from CMIP5; analyzed by Michael Wehner, LBNL.) Image credit: Preliminary draft of the 2013 U.S. National Climate Assessment report.

A permanent fix for Fargo's flooding problems: a $2 billion diversion canal?
As the population continues to expand, development in flood plains and construction of new levees and flood protection systems will continue to push floods to higher heights. With global warming expected to continue and drive ever higher precipitation amounts--falling preferentially in heavy precipitation events--it is highly probable that flooding in the Red River Valley--and over most of the northern 1/3 of the U.S. where precipitation increases are likely (Figure 5)--will see higher and more frequent spring floods. With these higher and more frequent floods comes the increased risk of multi-billion dollar disasters, when a record flood event overwhelms flood defenses and inundates huge areas of developed flood plains. Obviously, we need to make smart decisions to limit development in flood plains to reduce the cost and suffering of these future flooding disasters.

A permanent fix for Fargo's flooding woes may lie in the construction of a 36-mile long canal that would steer flood waters around Fargo and neighboring Moorhead, Minnesota, according to an April 28, 2013 Associated Press article. The proposed canal could cost $2 billion and take ten years to complete, but has drawn strong opposition from farmers, homeowners and businesses who lie in the path of the proposed diversion channel. The http://www.redriverbasincommission.org/ has the latest long-term options on new flood control options for the Red River.

References
Kunkel, K. E., D. R. Easterling, K. Redmond, and K. Hubbard, 2003, "Temporal variations of extreme precipitation events in the United States: 1895.2000", Geophys. Res. Lett., 30(17), 1900, doi:10.1029/2003GL018052.

Groisman, P.Y., R.W. Knight, T.R. Karl, D.R. Easterling, B. Sun, and J.H. Lawrimore, 2004, "Contemporary Changes of the Hydrological Cycle over the Contiguous United States: Trends Derived from In Situ Observations," J. Hydrometeor., 5, 64.85.

McRoberts, D. Brent, John W. Nielsen-Gammon, 2011, "A New Homogenized Climate Division Precipitation Dataset for Analysis of Climate Variability and Climate Change," J. Appl. Meteor. Climatol., 50, 1187–1199.
doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/2010JAMC2626.1

Milly, P.C.D., R.T. Wetherald, K.A. Dunne, and T.L.Delworth, Increasing risk of great floods in a changing climate", Nature 415, 514-517 (31 January 2002) | doi:10.1038/415514a.

Santer, B.D., C. Mears, F. J. Wentz, K. E. Taylor, P. J. Gleckler, T. M. L. Wigley, T. P. Barnett, J. S. Boyle, W. Brüggemann, N. P. Gillett, S. A. Klein, G. A. Meehl, T. Nozawa, D. W. Pierce, P. A. Stott, W. M. Washington, and M. F. Wehner, 2007, "Identification of human-induced changes in atmospheric moisture content", PNAS 2007 104: 15248-15253.

Trenberth, K.E., J. Fasullo, and L. Smith, 2005: "Trends and variability in column-integrated atmospheric water vapor", Climate Dynamics 24, 741-758.

Willett, K.M., N.P. Gillett, P.D. Jones, and P.W. Thorne, 2007, "Attribution of observed surface humidity changes to human influence", Nature 449, 710-712 (11 October 2007) | doi:10.1038/nature06207.

Links
A good way to track the flooding event is to use our wundermap for the Red River with the USGS River layer turned on.

The Fargo Flood webpage of North Dakota State University, Fargo, has some excellent links.

I'll have a new post on Wednesday at the latest.

Jeff Masters

Fargo Flood 2009 - Elm & 15th Ave. N. (tliebenow)
Picture says it all. Clay dike built to contain the Red River in North Fargo.
Fargo Flood 2009 - Elm & 15th Ave. N.

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31 days left until the start of the Atlantic hurricane season.
Member Since: July 21, 2011 Posts: 83 Comments: 7167
Quoting Jedkins01:


Never thought I'd the day where IED's are going off in the Cayman islands.
I didn't know you guys have a military? I would imagine its just for situations where police need extra personnel during some crazy event.

nor did I and no we don't have a military we share it with the British and for fast response the US military jumps in till the British come however quite a few Caymanians serve in both UK and US military some in the Jamaican Defense force however we do have the Police Task Force which is like SWAT but less of the T in SWAT which somewhat does the "its just for situations where police need extra personnel during some crazy event"
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Pressures will be dropping near Florida as strong high pressure builds to the North. Let's see what forms in the next 3 days
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Member Since: July 21, 2011 Posts: 83 Comments: 7167
364. HadesGodWyvern (Mod)
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363. HadesGodWyvern (Mod)
Tropical Cyclone Warning Center Brisbane
Tropical Cyclone Advice #6
TROPICAL CYCLONE ZANE, CATEGORY TWO (18U)
1:49 PM EST April 30 2013
===========================================

At 1:00 PM EST, Tropical Cyclone Zane (994 hpa) located at 13.9S 149.9E or 730 km east of Lockhart River and 530 km east northeast of Cooktown has 10 minute sustained winds of 50 knots with gusts of 70 knots. The cyclone is reported as moving west at 8 knots

TROPICAL CYCLONE ZANE, CATEGORY 2, with wind gusts up to 70 knots is expected to develop a west northwest track tonight and cross the far northern Queensland coast between Orford Ness and Lockhart River late Wednesday.

DESTRUCTIVE winds of up to 80 knots may develop between Cape Grenville and Cape Sidmouth late Wednesday. GALES are expected to develop about coastal areas between Cape Grenville and Cape Tribulation during Wednesday morning and may extend further north and west to the Torres Strait Islands and the western side of Cape York, north of Mapoon, later on Wednesday.

As the cyclone approaches the coast, a storm tide is expected between Cape Grenville and Cape Sidmouth. Large waves may produce minor flooding along the foreshore. People living in areas likely to be affected by this flooding should take measures to protect their property as much as possible and be prepared to help their neighbours.

Areas of heavy rain, which may lead to flash flooding, are expected to develop across parts of far northern Queensland later today and during Wednesday as the system approaches the coast.

People between Cape Grenville and Cape Tribulation should immediately commence or continue preparations, especially securing boats and property.

Tropical Cyclone Warning
==========================
A Cyclone WARNING is current for coastal areas from Cape Grenville to Cape Tribulation

Tropical Cyclone Watch
========================
A Cyclone WATCH is current for coastal areas from Mapoon to Cape Grenville, including the Torres Strait Islands
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Member Since: July 21, 2011 Posts: 83 Comments: 7167
361. JRRP
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Quoting Civicane49:
Looks like Zane wants to develop an eye on satellite imagery:


It does have most of an eyewall on microwave imagery.



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Quoting wunderkidcayman:
alright guys sorry I was out helping out cause well I'm Military and use to work with cayman police so felt civil obligation to help and it blew near me like just 21/2 blocks over so what I can say is it is strongly believed to be an IED please note first time we had a real bomb and one that blew up


Never thought I'd the day where IED's are going off in the Cayman islands.
I didn't know you guys have a military? I would imagine its just for situations where police need extra personnel during some crazy event.
Member Since: August 21, 2008 Posts: 0 Comments: 7272
Looks like Zane wants to develop an eye on satellite imagery:

Member Since: July 21, 2011 Posts: 83 Comments: 7167
357. MTWX
TC Zane Animation via NEXSAT
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Zane is up to 35 knots according to JTWC. The cyclone is forecast to intensify slightly before making landfall on northern Queensland by 24 to 36 hours.
Member Since: July 21, 2011 Posts: 83 Comments: 7167
355. Skyepony (Mod)
Quoting LiveToFish0430:
We had a real good thunderstorm here in the Daytona Beach area that dropped right at an inch of rain in about 30 minutes.


Worthy warning for N Brevard with that. I was just south of it. Looking north could see some lightning, a few scud clouds, shelf cloud. Only had a trace of rain here.

GEOS-5 model was a few hours late in when it came through but really nailed what came through N Brevard & Volusia 81hrs out..back when the models were all over the place on the possible Low.

Member Since: August 10, 2005 Posts: 161 Comments: 37337
Last 25 forecast runs from the CFSv2 for 2-meter temperature anomalies (in °C) for the month of May. Most are in agreement for a warm West and cold East.

But that's nothing new.

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Zane:

Member Since: July 21, 2011 Posts: 83 Comments: 7167
Member Since: July 21, 2011 Posts: 83 Comments: 7167
Member Since: July 21, 2011 Posts: 83 Comments: 7167
SSTs have warmed in the Nino 1 2 region lately, while other three Nino regions continue to cool gradually.



Member Since: July 21, 2011 Posts: 83 Comments: 7167
Member Since: July 21, 2011 Posts: 83 Comments: 7167
These are the areas where i think, that we are going to see the formation of the first tropical cyclone in the atlantic basin.....The date i think late may to mid june.
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We had a real good thunderstorm here in the Daytona Beach area that dropped right at an inch of rain in about 30 minutes.
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Quoting Civicane49:


that cyclone is really taking shape... Good luck for the Aussie Peninsula there
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Member Since: July 21, 2011 Posts: 83 Comments: 7167
Member Since: July 21, 2011 Posts: 83 Comments: 7167
alright guys sorry I was out helping out cause well I'm Military and use to work with cayman police so felt civil obligation to help and it blew near me like just 21/2 blocks over so what I can say is it is strongly believed to be an IED please note first time we had a real bomb and one that blew up
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Rainfall total here in Tallahassee was just under 1.5 inches. We had a nice soaking that was proceeded by a decent shelf could and some violent cloud to ground lightning that repeatedly hit close to me. Although it wasn't particularly frequent, just some power CG strokes that were close hits.=, many of them within a mile away.
Member Since: August 21, 2008 Posts: 0 Comments: 7272
Quoting Tropicsweatherpr:


Not only Trinidad & Tobago is going thru ths rainy period but other islands in the Eastern Caribbean are going thru the same. Here is information from Martinique.

Link




Since late march, there is a crazy contrast between the wet southern/central and the dry northern Lesser Antilles.

Not even 1.5inch so far this month
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Quoting HurrMichaelOrl:
We have just had some really beneficial rains here in the Orlando area. This year we have had enough in March and April to keep it from getting really dry, which is a very good thing here in Spring. Hopefully, we will get another wet summer.


Models have actually trended higher with rainfall amounts for the west coast of Florida especially by later this week. You'll continue to see high coverage through Friday.
Member Since: August 21, 2008 Posts: 0 Comments: 7272
Quoting Doppler22:
I found this on a local Grand Cayman News site::::


West Bay explosion investigated

Posted By
Paul Kennedy

Monday, 29 April 2013 8:48 pm


Emergency services were called to the scene of an explosion in West Bay.
Cayman 27 understands a flammable container blew up during a brush fire close to the Colbalt Coast area.
No one was injured in the blast although the cause is not yet known.
Firefighters and police were called to the area and an investigation has
been launched.
Residents in surrounding areas reported hearing the blast on Monday (29 April) evening.
 


LP gas tank?
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I found this on a local Grand Cayman News site::::


West Bay explosion investigated

Posted By
Paul Kennedy

Monday, 29 April 2013 8:48 pm


Emergency services were called to the scene of an explosion in West Bay.
Cayman 27 understands a flammable container blew up during a brush fire close to the Colbalt Coast area.
No one was injured in the blast although the cause is not yet known.
Firefighters and police were called to the area and an investigation has
been launched.
Residents in surrounding areas reported hearing the blast on Monday (29 April) evening.
 
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...
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Thoughts and prayers to those injured in the bomb blast CaymanKid reported.
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In all seriousness, I hope everyone is OK and that this is a false report...

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...
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Quoting barbamz:

Isostatic rebound is also associated with subsidence. England already has problems with that. So relieving the weight of the ice caps helps and hurts.
Member Since: May 18, 2006 Posts: 10 Comments: 5951
Quoting Davesmind:
Yes, one of the outer bands has a hexagonal structure.

Happens with hurlycanes too.
Member Since: May 18, 2006 Posts: 10 Comments: 5951

Quoting wunderkidcayman:
hey guys breaking news Bomb just blew in Cayman
What?? Did you see it or hear it?
Member Since: February 13, 2012 Posts: 11 Comments: 3631
329. HadesGodWyvern (Mod)
Tropical Cyclone Warning Center Brisbane
Tropical Cyclone Advice #5
TROPICAL CYCLONE ZANE, CATEGORY ONE (18U)
10:51 AM EST April 30 2013
===========================================

At 10:00 AM EST, Tropical Cyclone Zane (995 hpa) located at 13.8S 150.2E or 760 km east of Lockhart River and 560 km east northeast of Cooktown has 10 minute sustained winds of 45 knots with gusts of 65 knots. The cyclone is reported as moving west at 9 knots

Gale Force Winds
================
80 NM from the center in northern quadrants
100 NM from the center in southern quadrants

Dvorak Intensity: T3.0/3.0/D1.0/24 HRS

TROPICAL CYCLONE ZANE, CATEGORY 1, with wind gusts up to 65 knots is expected to track in west northwest direction and cross the far northern Queensland coast between Orford Ness and Lockhart River late Wednesday.

DESTRUCTIVE winds of up to 80 knots may develop between Cape Grenville and Cape Sidmouth late Wednesday. GALES are expected to develop about coastal areas between Cape Grenville and Cape Tribulation during Wednesday morning and may extend further north and west to the Torres Strait Islands and the western side of Cape York, north of Mapoon, later on Wednesday.

As the cyclone approaches the coast, a storm tide is expected between Cape Grenville and Cape Sidmouth. Large waves may produce minor flooding along the foreshore. People living in areas likely to be affected by this flooding should take measures to protect their property as much as possible and be prepared to help their neighbors.

Areas of heavy rain, which may lead to flash flooding, are expected to develop across parts of far northern Queensland later today and during Wednesday as the system approaches the coast.

People between Cape Grenville and Cape Tribulation should immediately commence or continue preparations, especially securing boats and property.

Tropical Cyclone Warning
==========================
A Cyclone WARNING has been declared for coastal areas from Cape Grenville to Cape Tribulation

Tropical Cyclone Watch
========================
A Cyclone WATCH is current for coastal areas from Mapoon to the Torres Strait Islands to Cape Grenville

Forecast and Intensity
========================
12 HRS: 13.4S 147.9E - 50 knots (CAT 2/Tropical Cyclone)
24 HRS: 12.8S 145.6E - 55 knots (CAT 2/Tropical Cyclone)
48 HRS: 10.5S 140.4E - 25 knots (Tropical Low)
72 HRS: 09.0S 133.9E - 25 knots (Tropical Low)

Additional Information
========================
Dvorak analysis based on a curved band pattern with a 0.7 degree wrap on a log10 spiral, giving a DT of 3.0. MET and PAT suggest 3.5 and 3.0 respectively. FT based on PAT as DT was not completely clear.

The 2222UTC SSMI microwave image indicated an area of well organized convection near the system center. Confidence in the location of the centre is good based on radar imagery from Willis Island. Winds are likely to be strongest on the southern side of the system in the east/southeast flow assisted by synoptic forcing and storm motion.

The broadscale environment is generally conducive for further development with the vertical shear being low and with reasonable upper level outflow. Tropical Cyclone Zane is expected to intensify into a category 2 system at some stage today. The intensity of the system closer to landfall will be heavily dependent upon any increased wind shear that may develop with the next upper trough moving across central Australia during Wednesday.

Tropical Cyclone Zane should continue moving to the west northwest and accelerate somewhat under the influence of a developing mid-level ridge across Queensland and the central Coral Sea.
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Quoting wunderkidcayman:
hey guys breaking news Bomb just blew in Cayman
Something you saw, heard, or felt?
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Quoting KEEPEROFTHEGATE:


BBC Video: "Earth under water".
Thanks for this horrific video ;-) I hope it won't cause too many nightmares as I'm going to hit the cushion.

Outlook for Finland and the Baltic Sea:

Climate Change Will Raise the Sea Level in the Gulf of Finland

Apr. 29, 2013 — The Finnish Meteorological Institute has updated its estimates concerning the impact of rising sea levels on the Finnish coast. Post-glacial rebound and changes in Earth's gravity field protect the Finnish coast against rising sea levels, especially in the Gulf of Bothnia. In the Gulf of Finland, the sea level is starting to rise.

Whole article

And another one:

Plants Can Moderate Climate Warming, New Research Shows

But quoting from this article:
The effect of enhanced plant gas emissions on climate is small on a global scale -- only countering approximately 1 percent of climate warming, the study suggested. "This does not save us from climate warming," says Paasonen.

Nevertheless, a good night!
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I don't come on much in the offseason, so I just caught up on the slight but existent backlash of my singular post from yesterday.

Levi: when I made reference to the reason 92P was rotating in the counterclockwise direction, it was intended as an extension of a comparison someone made about GW deniers and "Clockwise deniers" where people would ignore the scientific evidence that points to the regular rotation in the Northern Hemisphere of TCs and continually argue that the government altered satellite imagery to cover up this scientific "actuality."

I am not that ignorant of meteorological phenomena that I wouldn't understand the counterclockwise rotation of a storm in the Southern Hemisphere.

That is all.
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Member Since: July 21, 2011 Posts: 83 Comments: 7167
hey guys breaking news Bomb just blew in Cayman
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The National Weather Service in Corpus Christi has issued a

* Tornado Warning for...
northeastern La Salle County in south Texas...
northwestern McMullen County in south Texas...

* until 900 PM CDT

* at 810 PM CDT... National Weather Service meteorologists have
detected a severe thunderstorm capable of producing a tornado 11
miles northwest of Zella... or 14 miles east of Dilley... moving
southeast at 10 mph.

* Locations impacted include...
Zella...

Precautionary/preparedness actions...

In addition to the tornado... this storm is capable of producing
quarter size hail and destructive straight line winds.


Lat... Lon 2864 9879 2865 9879 2854 9867 2839 9889
      2865 9907 2865 9906 2865 9881
time... Mot... loc 0112z 323deg 9kt 2865 9894
Member Since: February 13, 2012 Posts: 11 Comments: 3631
Quoting AussieStorm:
















He looks so Handsome I mean beautiful.
Member Since: October 15, 2011 Posts: 0 Comments: 4004
We have just had some really beneficial rains here in the Orlando area. This year we have had enough in March and April to keep it from getting really dry, which is a very good thing here in Spring. Hopefully, we will get another wet summer.
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Needles, California, made it up to 107 today, which is (unofficially for now) that location's hottest April temperature on record. It's cooled off a bit now, though:

Needles

There were a number of other 100-degree plus temperatures across the area today, but Needles so far seems to be the winner. (Spike would be quite proud.)

There could be problems tomorrow. from Las Vegas NWS;

"Southwest winds with gusts up to 45 mph are expected in Mohave county in advance of a cold front on Tuesday. A Red Flag Warning and a Wind Advisory are in effect from 11 AM to 8 PM Tuesday for the area in red on the map. Here are some potential impacts: Very High Wildfire Danger due to gusty winds, low humidity and dry grasses and brush. Crosswinds could cause problems for high profile vehicles. Blowing dust could reduce visibility."
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Member Since: July 21, 2011 Posts: 83 Comments: 7167

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About

Jeff co-founded the Weather Underground in 1995 while working on his Ph.D. He flew with the NOAA Hurricane Hunters from 1986-1990.