The bizarrely active hurricane season of 2012 draws to a close

By: Dr. Jeff Masters , 4:50 PM GMT on November 30, 2012

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The long and highly destructive hurricane season of 2012 has finally drawn to a close. The hurricane season of 2012 will long be remembered for spawning Hurricane Sandy--a freakish storm that was the largest, most powerful, and second most destructive Atlantic hurricane on record. But this year's hurricane season had a number of unique attributes, making it one of the most bizarre seasons I've witnessed. Despite featuring a remarkable nineteen named storms--tied for the third highest total since record keeping began in 1851--this year's hurricane season had just one major hurricane. That storm was Hurricane Michael, which stayed at Category 3 strength for a scant six hours. This is the least number of major hurricanes in a season since the El Niño year of 1997, which had only Category 3 Hurricane Erika. There were no Category 4 or 5 hurricanes in 2012, for just the 3rd time since the active hurricane period we are in began in 1995. The only two other years since 1995 without a Category 4 or stronger hurricane were the El Niño years of 2006 and 1997. Both of those seasons had around half the number of named storms of 2012--nine in 2006, and eight in 1997. The relative lack of strong storms in 2012 helped keep the Accumulated Cyclone Energy (ACE) down to 128, about 30% above average.


Figure 1. Hurricane Sandy at 10:10 am EDT October 28, 2012. Image credit: NASA/GSFC.

A near-average year for number of tropical cyclones hitting the U.S.
Since the active hurricane period we've been in began in 1995, the U.S. has averaged getting hit by 4 named storms per year, with an average of 1.7 of these being hurricanes, and 0.6 being major Category 3 and stronger hurricanes. This year, we were hit by 3 named storms (Beryl, Debby, and Isaac). One of these was a hurricane (Isaac). Sandy didn't count as a hurricane strike on the U.S., since it transitioned to an extratropical cyclone a few hours before landfall. No major hurricanes hit the U.S., making 2012 the 7th consecutive year without a major hurricane strike. The only other time we've had a streak that long occurred between 1861 - 1868, during the decade of the Civil War.


Figure 2. Vertical instability over the tropical Atlantic in 2004 - 2012 (blue line) compared to average (black line.) The instability is plotted in °C, as a difference in temperature from near the surface to the upper atmosphere (note that the same scale is not used in all the plots, making the black climatological line appear different, when it is really the same for each plot.) Thunderstorms grow much more readily when vertical instability is high. Instability was near average during the August - October peak of hurricane season in 2004 - 2009, but was much lower than average during the hurricane seasons of 2010 - 2012. There was an unusual amount of dry, sinking air in the tropical Atlantic during 2010 - 2012, and the resulting low atmospheric instability reduced the proportion of tropical storms that have intensified into hurricanes. Vertical instability from 2004 - 2011 is taken from NOAA/RAMMB and for 2012 from NOAA/SSD.

Unusually stable air over the Tropical Atlantic in 2012
For the third consecutive hurricane season, 2012 featured an unusual amount of dry, sinking air over the tropical Atlantic and Caribbean Sea. Due to warmer-than-average sea surface temperatures and an active African Monsoon that generated plenty of African waves, a remarkably high number of tropical storms managed to form, but the unusually stable air in the hurricane genesis regions made it difficult for the storms to become strong. When we did see storms undergo significant intensification, it tended to occur outside of the tropics, north of 25°N, where there was not as much dry, sinking air (Sandy's intensification as it approached landfall in Cuba was an exception to this rule.) If we look at the last nine hurricane seasons (Figure 2), we can see that the hurricane seasons of 2010, 2011, and 2012 all featured similar levels of highly stable air over the tropical Atlantic. This is in marked contrast to what occurred the previous six years. The past three seasons all featured a near-record number of named storms (nineteen each year), but an unusually low ratio of strong hurricanes. Steering patterns the past three years also acted to keep most of the storms out to sea. Is this strange pattern something we'll see more of, due to climate change? Or is it mostly due to natural cycles in hurricane activity? I don't have any answers at this point, but the past three hurricane seasons have definitely been highly unusual in a historical context. I expect the steering currents to shift and bring more landfalling hurricanes to the U.S. at some point this decade, though.


Figure 3. Sea water floods the Ground Zero construction site at the World Trade Center, Monday, Oct. 29, 2012, in New York City. Image credit: AP.

Most notable events of the Hurricane Season of 2012
Hurricane Sandy was truly astounding in its size and power. At its peak size, twenty hours before landfall, Sandy had tropical storm-force winds that covered an area nearly one-fifth the area of the contiguous United States. Since detailed records of hurricane size began in 1988, only one tropical storm (Olga of 2001) has had a larger area of tropical storm-force winds, and no hurricanes has. Sandy's area of ocean with twelve-foot seas peaked at 1.4 million square miles--nearly one-half the area of the contiguous United States, or 1% of Earth's total ocean area. Most incredibly, ten hours before landfall (9:30 am EDT October 30), the total energy of Sandy's winds of tropical storm-force and higher peaked at 329 terajoules--the highest value for any Atlantic hurricane since at least 1969. This is 2.7 times higher than Katrina's peak energy, and is equivalent to five Hiroshima-sized atomic bombs. At landfall, Sandy's tropical storm-force winds spanned 943 miles of the the U.S. coast. No hurricane on record has been wider; the previous record holder was Hurricane Igor of 2010, which was 863 miles in diameter. Sandy's huge size prompted high wind warnings to be posted from Chicago to Eastern Maine, and from Michigan's Upper Peninsula to Florida's Lake Okeechobee--an area home to 120 million people. Sandy's winds simultaneously caused damage to buildings on the shores of Lake Michigan at Indiana Dunes National Lake Shore, and toppled power lines in Nova Scotia, Canada--locations 1200 miles apart!


Figure 4. Hurricane Isaac lit up by moonlight as it spins towards the city of New Orleans, LA, on August 26, 2012. The Suomi National Polar-orbiting Partnership (NPP) satellite captured these images with its Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite (VIIRS). The "day-night band" of VIIRS detects light in a range of wavelengths from green to near-infrared and uses light intensification to enable the detection of dim signals. Image Credit: NASA/NOAA, Earth Observatory.

Hurricane Isaac hit Louisiana as a Category 1 hurricane with 80 mph winds on August 28, but the storm's massive wind field brought a storm surge characteristic of a Category 2 hurricane to the coast. A storm surge of 11.1 feet was measured at Shell Beach, LA and higher surges were reported in portions of Louisiana. Fortunately, the new $14.5 billion upgrade to the New Orleans levee system kept the city dry. Isaac killed 9 people in the U.S., and 29 in the Caribbean.

Hurricane Ernesto hit Mexico's Yucatan Peninsula as a Category 1 hurricane with 85 mph winds on August 7. The storm killed 12 and did at least $250 million in damage.

Tropical Storm Debby formed on June 23, the earliest formation date on record for the season's 4th storm. The previous record was Dennis, on July 5, 2005. Debby killed seven and did over $300 million in damage, but helped relieve drought conditions over Northern Florida and Southern Georgia.

Tropical Storm Beryl, which made landfall on May 28 near Jacksonville Beach, FL with 70 mph winds, was the strongest tropical storm to make landfall in the U.S. prior to June 1. Beryl killed two but did minimal damage.

Nadine lasted for 21.75 days as a named storm, the 5th longest-lasting tropical storm in the Atlantic basin.

It was the 3rd year in a row with 19 named storms.

No named storms existed during the month of July and November, but we still managed big numbers.

Only 7 seasons have had more hurricanes than 2012.

The season had two named storm before the official June 1 start of hurricane season, only the 3rd time that has occurred.

Eight named storms formed in August, which tied 2004 for the most to form in that month.

Typhoon Bopha a threat to the Philippines
In the Western Pacific, where typhoon season commonly brings several storms in December, we have impressive Typhoon Bopha. Bopha is expected to head west-northwest and intensify over the weekend, potentially arriving in the Philippines on Tuesday as a powerful Category 3 typhoon. Bopha formed at an unusually low latitude for a tropical cyclone--near 4°N. Storms forming that close to the Equator don't get much help from the Earth's spin to get spinning, and it is rare to see a tropical cyclone forming southwards of 5°N.

The Colorado State University hurricane forecast team, led by Phil Klotzbach and Bill Gray, has a more in-depth summary of the 2012 hurricane season.

Jeff Masters

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Now I want this season to go on into next as much as the next fellow. But I just dont see 91L havig a chanec of devoloping. It looks like its becoming more assymetrical by the hour, which means it will become more extratropical therefore there's a lower chance of this low to devolop.
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Quoting KoritheMan:


I imagine it's pretty humid over there.

Last couple of days have been in the 90's all day/night.
Didnt feel too bad unless you were doing physical stuff.
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Quoting pottery:

Doing OK Kori.
Been raining quite a bit (2" in 48 hrs) which was welcomed.
Temps have finally come down to the low-mid 80's too.
A relief !


I imagine it's pretty humid over there.
Member Since: March 7, 2007 Posts: 557 Comments: 19978
Quoting KoritheMan:


Evening, pottery. How are you?

Doing OK Kori.
Been raining quite a bit (2" in 48 hrs) which was welcomed.
Temps have finally come down to the low-mid 80's too.
A relief !
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Good news, at least at most! Source

Palau typhoon aftermath: Power out, waves inundate low-lying areas
President says Koror escapes major damage but eastern coastal areas flooded
8:04 AM, Dec. 3, 2012

Palau President Johnson Toribiong said this morning the island nation's capital, Koror, escaped major damage from Typhoon Bopha, but he's waiting for an assessment of eastern atolls and islands where waves went inland.

An initial assessment in Koror shows the damage was not extensive, except for downed trees and power disruption since yesterday afternoon, Toribiong said by phone from Koror.

"We've been blessed," Toribiong said, that Koror was spared from major damage.

Koror's TV and radio services are down and flights have been suspended, the president said. Making phone calls to Palau has been challenging as well.

Toribiong said initial reports showed seawater went inland in areas including Kayangel, Angaur and Babeldaob, where residents evacuated to higher ground.

The president said there has been no report of any casualty.

David Tevid, with the Palau community on Guam, said he heard some homes may have been swept, but that information could not be independently verified by the Pacific Daily News.

Babeldaob is the largest island in Palau with about 6,000 people.
Kayangel is the northernmost state of Palau, with a population of less than 200. Angaur, also with a population of less than 200, was inundated with waves that were whipped inland as well, the president said.

He said an assessment of the damage would begin today as Palau is officially declared out of the damaging typhoon’s reach.

Bopha is moving west at 17 mph but is expected to resume a west-northwest motion, according to the National Weather Service.

Maximum sustained winds have decreased to 130 mph. The Weather Service said Bopha is expected to continue to weaken through this evening. As it moves to the Philippines, typhoon-force winds extend outward up to 35 miles from the center of the storm and tropical-force winds extend outward up to 105 miles from the storm's center.
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We will have a first glimpse of how the experts view the 2013 Atlantic season when CSU and TSR release their first outlook on the 7th.

My early numbers are 15/8/3.
Member Since: April 29, 2009 Posts: 75 Comments: 14058
Quoting pottery:

Sorry for the late response.
But in a word, "no" .


Evening, pottery. How are you?
Member Since: March 7, 2007 Posts: 557 Comments: 19978
Quoting freonfreakone:


Pottery, lemme ask you something. Knowing humanity as you do, do you truly expect the fossil fuel industry to just 'belly up' and do what's best for the world at large, even assuming that they're the cause of Global Warming in the first place? Do you expect politicians, lying, greedy, narcissistic politicians, any of them, to do the right thing for the world at large instead of seeing to their own personal interests at the expense our ours?

Sorry for the late response.
But in a word, "no" .
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Quoting wxgeek723:


^^Admitting he's a sadist that craves intense hurricanes! Lmao


How do you know I'm not a psychotic serial killer? How do you know I don't have corpses rotting underneath my house like John Gacy did? Questions, questions. ;)
Member Since: March 7, 2007 Posts: 557 Comments: 19978
Quoting KoritheMan:


I thought the season was exciting enough. The US finally saw its share of storms (although I hate that Sandy was so devastating), which is something we haven't seen in years. Plus I got a hurricane. ;)

Only thing that pissed me off was the lack of major hurricane activity. A half a day of major hurricane activity makes me sad.


^^Admitting he's a sadist that craves intense hurricanes! Lmao
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Quoting trHUrrIXC5MMX:


not quite yet


I think it's time to let it go...

19-10-1 that is so weird.
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The final toll after post-season changes will likely be 19-10-2 or 19-10-3, depending on whether or not they upgrade Gordon. Seems unlikely to me.

There's also a slim chance they upgrade Beryl to a hurricane, which would make it 19-11-2 or 19-11-3.
Member Since: July 6, 2010 Posts: 113 Comments: 31532
Quoting trHUrrIXC5MMX:


well... 2013 is the next one...
i hope things are more exciting...


Sandy was enough excitement for me for several years, even without Isaac.
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Quoting trHUrrIXC5MMX:


well... 2013 is the next one...
i hope things are more exciting...


I thought the season was exciting enough. The US finally saw its share of storms (although I hate that Sandy was so devastating), which is something we haven't seen in years. Plus I got a hurricane. ;)

Only thing that pissed me off was the lack of major hurricane activity. A half a day of major hurricane activity makes me sad.
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Quoting SLU:


RIP 2012 .. it's been great. 19-10-1


well... 2013 is the next one...
i hope things are more exciting...
Member Since: April 23, 2011 Posts: 104 Comments: 14871
Quoting KoritheMan:


lolololol


i know my deal..
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Quoting trHUrrIXC5MMX:


not quite yet


lolololol
Member Since: March 7, 2007 Posts: 557 Comments: 19978
Member Since: July 21, 2011 Posts: 83 Comments: 7167
Quoting SLU:


RIP 2012 .. it's been great. 19-10-1


not quite yet
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901. SLU
Quoting Tropicsweatherpr:
Down to 0%.

SPECIAL TROPICAL WEATHER OUTLOOK
NWS NATIONAL HURRICANE CENTER MIAMI FL
800 PM EST SUN DEC 2 2012

FOR THE NORTH ATLANTIC...CARIBBEAN SEA AND THE GULF OF MEXICO...

1. AN AREA OF LOW PRESSURE LOCATED OVER THE EAST-CENTRAL ATLANTIC OCEAN
ABOUT 800 MILES SOUTHWEST OF THE WESTERN AZORES IS PRODUCING AN AREA
OF GALE-FORCE WINDS NORTH OF THE CENTER. THIS SYSTEM IS IN THE
PROCESS OF ACQUIRING FRONTAL CHARACTERISTICS AND DEVELOPMENT INTO
A SUBTROPICAL CYCLONE IS NOT EXPECTED. THIS SYSTEM HAS A LOW
CHANCE...NEAR 0 PERCENT...OF BECOMING A SUBTROPICAL CYCLONE DURING
THE NEXT 48 HOURS AS IT MOVES NORTHWARD AND THEN NORTHEASTWARD AT
15 TO 20 MPH. THIS WILL BE THE LAST SPECIAL TROPICAL WEATHER
OUTLOOK ISSUED ON THIS SYSTEM. ADDITIONAL INFORMATION CAN BE FOUND
IN HIGH SEAS FORECASTS ISSUED BY THE NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE.

ELSEWHERE...TROPICAL CYCLONE FORMATION IS NOT EXPECTED DURING THE
NEXT 48 HOURS.

&&
HIGH SEAS FORECASTS ISSUED BY THE NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE CAN BE
FOUND UNDER AWIPS HEADER NFDHSFAT1 AND WMO HEADER FZNT01 KWBC.

$$
FORECASTER BROWN
NNNN


RIP 2012 .. it's been great. 19-10-1
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James Reynolds @typhoonfury 28m

Roof blown off by #typhoon #Bopha in Koror, Palau pic.twitter.com/7ldiBocR

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That secondary low that was supposed to trail 91L is going to have a hard time developing in this:





Surface low is at roughly 30N 39W on the GFS at this timeframe.

The season is over, folks. Move along and enjoy a much-needed vacation. ;)
Member Since: March 7, 2007 Posts: 557 Comments: 19978
Down to 0%.

SPECIAL TROPICAL WEATHER OUTLOOK
NWS NATIONAL HURRICANE CENTER MIAMI FL
800 PM EST SUN DEC 2 2012

FOR THE NORTH ATLANTIC...CARIBBEAN SEA AND THE GULF OF MEXICO...

1. AN AREA OF LOW PRESSURE LOCATED OVER THE EAST-CENTRAL ATLANTIC OCEAN
ABOUT 800 MILES SOUTHWEST OF THE WESTERN AZORES IS PRODUCING AN AREA
OF GALE-FORCE WINDS NORTH OF THE CENTER. THIS SYSTEM IS IN THE
PROCESS OF ACQUIRING FRONTAL CHARACTERISTICS AND DEVELOPMENT INTO
A SUBTROPICAL CYCLONE IS NOT EXPECTED. THIS SYSTEM HAS A LOW
CHANCE...NEAR 0 PERCENT...OF BECOMING A SUBTROPICAL CYCLONE DURING
THE NEXT 48 HOURS AS IT MOVES NORTHWARD AND THEN NORTHEASTWARD AT
15 TO 20 MPH. THIS WILL BE THE LAST SPECIAL TROPICAL WEATHER
OUTLOOK ISSUED ON THIS SYSTEM. ADDITIONAL INFORMATION CAN BE FOUND
IN HIGH SEAS FORECASTS ISSUED BY THE NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE.

ELSEWHERE...TROPICAL CYCLONE FORMATION IS NOT EXPECTED DURING THE
NEXT 48 HOURS.

&&
HIGH SEAS FORECASTS ISSUED BY THE NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE CAN BE
FOUND UNDER AWIPS HEADER NFDHSFAT1 AND WMO HEADER FZNT01 KWBC.

$$
FORECASTER BROWN
NNNN
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Member Since: July 2, 2011 Posts: 0 Comments: 1183
896. beell
I'll bet this one is gonna be way wrong.

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Quoting KoritheMan:


What? Yes it does.

It looked better a few hours ago when I posted that comment :P

And it has gotten an 18z, and 0z, ATCF update, no intensity change.
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Quoting MAweatherboy1:
Time is definitely against it but 91L doesn't look half bad right now:



It didn't receive an 18z ATCF update.


What? Yes it does.
Member Since: March 7, 2007 Posts: 557 Comments: 19978
893. beell
Quoting winter123:
How odd. A front stretching from west coast to east coast. There is a second front doing so across Canada, too.


Not too terribly odd. Two surface lows. One over Montana, one over Quebec. Both supported by its own mid-level shortwave in the zonal (west to east) flow pattern over NOAM. Each surface low trailing a separate cold front and a warm frontal boundary between them. Not a singular frontal boundary.

The more northerly latitude and zonal flow of the upper jet keeping the cold air bottled up over Canada is notable-but I would stop short of calling it odd. Others may disagree.
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For what it's worth ...
now 18 days 10 hours and 57 minutes to the winter solstice.
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891. whitewabit (Mod)
Quoting TropicalAnalystwx13:
Us in the Wilmington, NC area just experienced our third coldest winter on record. Temperatures averaged 6.2 degrees colder than average.


Oh the kids are going to be mad there was no Christmas this year ..
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James Reynolds @typhoonfury 21m

Safe and well, comms went down overnight. The worst missed Koror, really dodged a bullet, only superficial damage. Power off #typhoon #Bopha

via Twitter
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Quoting TropicalAnalystwx13:
Us in the Wilmington, NC area just experienced our third coldest winter on record. Temperatures averaged 6.2 degrees colder than average.

Winter already happened?
Member Since: March 16, 2012 Posts: 127 Comments: 7928
Us in the Wilmington, NC area just experienced our third coldest winter on record. Temperatures averaged 6.2 degrees colder than average.
Member Since: July 6, 2010 Posts: 113 Comments: 31532
Quoting JupiterKen:
As to not stir the "real deniers" (Nea and the plus monkies).


LOL..I read back on the blog and I had to quote this one..

this will probably be my last post this year unless weather shows up in this blog again..If nothing significant happens until then like the end of the world later this month according to some loonies, I will see you guys in February during severe weather season..maybe there's hope that an agreement can be made between bloggers in regards to climate change debate (fingers crossed)..remember though to please get out and enjoy the beautiful weather instead of arguing over things you have no control over..to all my WU friends still blogging here, keep the brandy close by..

until then,


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Quoting Some1Has2BtheRookie:


Careful, Hydrus. Grothar wore that as his wrist watch.


One of those fancy new solar powered wrist watchs..
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your ideas intrigue me and i would like to subscribe to your newsletter.

Quoting PensacolaDoug:



Wait till they order the American public to surrender all firearms.
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Quoting hydrus:
Found Grothar,s timepiece in Turkey today...


Careful, Hydrus. Grothar wore that as his wrist watch.
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How odd. A front stretching from west coast to east coast. There is a second front doing so across Canada, too.
Member Since: July 29, 2006 Posts: 28 Comments: 1777
Actually, I think it is trying to clear the eye out:



Edit: Not as clear in the new frame, though there is still evidence of an eye.
Member Since: February 11, 2012 Posts: 82 Comments: 7635
It may finally try to clear the eye soon:



Member Since: February 11, 2012 Posts: 82 Comments: 7635
Latest news on Palau

Link

Seems they escaped major damage, which may change as more information comes in, but hopefully it is true. Talk about dodging a bullet...
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Quoting Slamguitar:


Moving at a healthy rate at least. Wouldn't be fun to be under Bopha if it stalled.


It is amazing what happens when the shoreline is changed by storm, earthquake or rising waters.
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Off topic but interesting fact: since the Japan earthquake last year, cities on the coast of Miyagi now flood twice daily at high tide, and the beach at Ishinomaki no longer exists, having been swallowed by the new tide as it now meets the seawall.
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Quoting whitewabit:
Bopha is expanding its wind field ..



Moving at a healthy rate at least. Wouldn't be fun to be under Bopha if it stalled.
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876. whitewabit (Mod)
Bopha is expanding its wind field ..

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875. whitewabit (Mod)
91 ingesting dry air this afternoon ..

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Quoting Slamguitar:
Aw man, I was hoping for weather conversations today.

Oh well. I guess this is some sort of entertainment...


We're in an extremely boring pattern here. Partly cloudy, 79-80 during the day, 64-64 at night, a passing sprinkle now and then... for the next 10 plus days.
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Quoting Patrap:
And yesterday I saw you standing by the river,
And weren't those tears that filled your eyes?
And all the fish that lay in dirty water dying,
Had they got you hypnotized?

And yesterday I saw you kissing tiny flowers,
But all that lives is born to die.
And so I say to you that nothing really matters,
And all you do is stand and cry.

I don't know what to say about it,
When all your ears are turned away,
But now's the time to look and look again at what you see,
Is that the way it ought to stay?


Haven't heard that one in a while. I actually have III on vinyl, with the spinny wheel thingie.
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Fishing boats and other small seacrafts are advised not to venture out into the eastern Seaboards of Visayas and Mindanao.

The public and the disaster coordinating councils concerned are advised to take appropriate actions and watch for the next bulletin to be issued at 11 AM today.


Do we have any information yet on Palau?
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871. HadesGodWyvern (Mod)
Philippines Atmospheric Geophysical Astronomical Services and Administration
Tropical Cyclone Bulletin #3
TYPHOON PABLO (BOPHA)
5:00 AM PhST December 3 2012
==============================

Typhoon "PABLO" has slightly weakened as it moves west northwestward

At 4:00 AM PhST, Typhoon Pablo [948 hPa] located at 6.6°N 132.9°E or 700 km southeast of Hinatuan, Surigao del Sur has 10 minute sustained winds of 95 knots gusting up to 115 knots. The cyclone is reported as moving west northwest at 12 knots.

State of the sea is rough to phenomenal

Signal Warnings
==============

Signal Warning #2
-----------

Mindanao Region
----------------
1. Surigao del Sur
2. Northern part of Davao Oriental

Signal Warning #1
----------

Visayas Region
=============
1. Siquijor
2. Bohol
3. Biliran
4. Camotes Island
5. Southern Leyte
6. Leyte
7. Eastern Samar
8. Western Samar

Mindanao Region
================
1. Surigao del Norte
2. Siargao Island
3. Dinagat Is.
4. Agusan del Norte
5. Agusan del Sur
6. Rest of Davao Oriental
7. Davao del Norte inc
8. Samal Is.
9. Compostela Valley
10. Bukidnon
11. Misamis Occidental
12. Misamis Oriental
13. Camiguin
14. Lanao del Norte
15. Lanao del Sur

Additional Information
========================
Estimated rainfall amount is from 20-30 mm per hour (heavy to intense) within the 600 km diameter of the typhoon.

Residents living in low lying and mountainous areas under public storm warning signal #2 and #1 are alerted against possible flashfloods and landslides. Likewise, those living in coastal areas under public storm warning signal #2 are alerted against big waves or storm surges generated by this tropical cyclone.

Fishing boats and other small seacrafts are advised not to venture out into the eastern Seaboards of Visayas and Mindanao.

The public and the disaster coordinating councils concerned are advised to take appropriate actions and watch for the next bulletin to be issued at 11 AM today.
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Time is definitely against it but 91L doesn't look half bad right now:



It didn't receive an 18z ATCF update.
Member Since: February 11, 2012 Posts: 82 Comments: 7635

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Jeff co-founded the Weather Underground in 1995 while working on his Ph.D. He flew with the NOAA Hurricane Hunters from 1986-1990.

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