Why did Hurricane Sandy take such an unusual track into New Jersey?

By: Dr. Jeff Masters , 4:33 PM GMT on October 31, 2012

Share this Blog
64
+

We're used to seeing hurricane-battered beaches and flooded cities in Florida, North Carolina, and the Gulf Coast. But to see these images from the Jersey Shore and New York City in the wake of Hurricane Sandy is a shocking experience. New Jersey only rarely gets hit by hurricanes because it lies in a portion of the coast that doesn't stick out much, and is too far north. How did this happen? How was a hurricane able to move from southeast to northwest at landfall, so far north, and so late in hurricane season? We expect hurricanes to move from east to west in the tropics, where the prevailing trade winds blow that direction. But the prevailing wind direction reverses at mid-latitudes, flowing predominately west-to-east, due to the spin of the Earth. Hurricanes that penetrate to about Florida's latitude usually get caught up in these westerly winds, and are whisked northeastwards, out to sea. However, the jet stream, that powerful band of upper-atmosphere west-to-east flowing air, has many dips and bulges. These troughs of low pressure and ridges of high pressure allow winds at mid-latitudes to flow more to the north or to the south. Every so often, a trough in the jet stream bends back on itself when encountering a ridge of high pressure stuck in place ahead of it. These "negatively tilted" troughs have winds that flow from southeast to northwest. It is this sort of negatively tilted trough that sucked in Sandy and allowed the hurricane to take such an unusual path into New Jersey.


Figure 1. Inlet section of Atlantic City, N.J., after Hurricane Sandy. Image credit: 6 ABC Action News.

The 1903 Vagabond Hurricane
The only other hurricane to hit New Jersey since 1851 besides Sandy was the 1903 Category 1 Vagabond Hurricane. According to Wikipedia, the Vagabond Hurricane caused heavy damage along the New Jersey coast ($180 million in 2006 dollars.) The hurricane killed 57 people, and endangered the life of President Theodore Roosevelt, who was sailing on a yacht near Long Island, NY, when the hurricane hit. However, the Vagabond Hurricane hit in September, when the jet stream is typically weaker and farther to the north. It is quite extraordinary that Sandy was able to hit New Jersey in late October, when the jet stream is typically stronger and farther south, making recurvature to the northeast much more likely than in September.


Figure 2. The path of the 1903 Vagabond Hurricane, the only other hurricane to hit New Jersey since 1851.

The blocking ridge that steered Sandy into New Jersey
A strong ridge of high pressure parked itself over Greenland beginning on October 20, creating a "blocking ridge" that prevented the normal west-to-east flow of winds over Eastern North America. Think of the blocking ridge like a big truck parked over Greenland. Storms approaching from the west (like the fall low pressure system that moved across the U.S. from California to Pennsylvania last week) or from the south (Hurricane Sandy) were blocked from heading to the northeast. Caught in the equivalent of an atmospheric traffic jam, the two storms collided over the Northeast U.S., combined into one, and are now waiting for the truck parked over Greenland to move. The strength of the blocking ridge, as measured by the strength of the North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO), was quite high--about two standard deviations from average, something that occurs approximately 5% of the time. When the NAO is in a strong negative phase, we tend to have blocking ridges over Greenland.


Figure 3. Jet stream winds at a pressure of 300 mb on October 29, 2012, as Hurricane Sandy approached the coast of New Jersey. Note that the wind direction over New Jersey (black arrows) was from the southeast, due to a negatively tilted trough of low pressure over the Eastern U.S. caused by a strong blocking ridge of high pressure over Greenland. Image credit: NOAA/ESRL.

Arctic sea ice loss can cause blocking ridges
Blocking ridges occur naturally, but are uncommon over Greenland this time of year. According to NOAA's Climate Prediction Center, blocking near the longitude of Greenland (50°W) only occurs about 2% of the time in the fall. These odds rise to about 6% in winter and spring. As I discussed in an April post, Arctic sea ice loss tied to unusual jet stream patterns, three studies published in the past year have found that the jet stream has been getting stuck in unusually strong blocking patterns in recent years. These studies found that the recent record decline in Arctic sea ice could be responsible, since this heats up the pole, altering the Equator-to-pole temperature difference, forcing the jet stream to slow down, meander, and get stuck in large loops. The 2012 Arctic sea ice melt season was extreme, with sea ice extent hitting a record lows. Could sea ice loss have contributed to the blocking ridge that steered Sandy into New Jersey? It is possible, but we will need to much more research on the subject before we make such a link, as the studies of sea ice loss on jet stream patterns are so new. The author of one of the new studies, Dr. Jennifer Francis of Rutgers, had this say in a recent post by Andy Revkin in his Dot Earth blog: "While it’s impossible to say how this scenario might have unfolded if sea-ice had been as extensive as it was in the 1980s, the situation at hand is completely consistent with what I’d expect to see happen more often as a result of unabated warming and especially the amplification of that warming in the Arctic."

Jeff Masters

Reader Comments

Comments will take a few seconds to appear.

Post Your Comments

Please sign in to post comments.

or Join

Not only will you be able to leave comments on this blog, but you'll also have the ability to upload and share your photos in our Wunder Photos section.

Display: 0, 50, 100, 200 Sort: Newest First - Order Posted

Viewing: 516 - 466

Page: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19Blog Index

Quoting sar2401:

Then Shawn need to do fact checking. Interviewing a civilian about what they think might happen, along with unattributed "law enforcement sources" is not news - it's speculation, and specualtion of the worst kind.


Watch the video. The news reporters were talking to a civilian, and they talked to law enforcement officials to confirm what she was saying.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting MrMixon:
Just wow:





Holy ****.
Member Since: March 7, 2007 Posts: 585 Comments: 20862
Just wow:



Member Since: March 26, 2006 Posts: 44 Comments: 1520
Quoting knative:

Actually, this tweet is real.
Link
Link

Here's the video of the story that the tweet was referring to.

Then Shawn need to do fact checking. Interviewing a civilian about what they think might happen, along with unattributed "law enforcement sources" is not news - it's speculation, and speculation of the worst kind.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting sunlinepr:



Would it be possible to create a Galveston like infrastructure along those areas?


the problem in the mid atlantic is that they havent been hit in so long by something this extreme, but the beach has been slowly eaten away by noreasters and tropical storms over time, and they keep trying to add rocks or sand that make unprotective weak dunes, if you have ever been to a beach like rehobeth, deleware, or seaside, nj you know the ocean was already coming up under the docks and right up to the dune line or steps of houses, it really doesnt take a sandy like storm to cause this type of destruction up there, areas of N.C. Florida and the gulf can take a much larger hit than sandy and recover rather well due to that fact we frequently get hit by such storms and rebuild stronger and stronger every time. In the mid atlantic they have just been building and building with the same codes and on the same sands whithout doing much replenishing or beafing up protection at the rate of building homes and businesses. Well Monday it caught up with them. The only way to rebuild is to rebuild it 10 times stronger but theres always the chance it could happen again and maybe even stronger.
Member Since: August 4, 2010 Posts: 0 Comments: 572
Also, this list had a surprisingly large amount of Category 4's (Debby (1982), Gilbert, Helene and Joan in 1988, and Isaac and Keith in 2000).

Quality over quantity, my friends.
Member Since: March 7, 2007 Posts: 585 Comments: 20862
510. flsky
Quoting sunlinepr:



Would it be possible to create a Galveston like infrastructure along those coastal areas?


That didn't help them much....
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting sar2401:

I hope, for the sake of homeowners, that this holds up in court, but it's going to be a tough row to hoe when the NHC showed Sandy as still being a cat 1 at landfall and even for a bit inland.


I don't know about elsewhere, but in Florida -well at least my policy - the deductible is triggered as soon as the storm is named, whether it is a tropical storm or a cat 5. Which is why I said wow!
Member Since: August 16, 2007 Posts: 0 Comments: 499
Quoting BtnTx:
people that give and help are busy giving and helping NOT BLOGGING ABOUT IT - I will now await my wu ban for the caps - Support Portlight.org!

You can support Portlight, the Red Cross, Salvation Army...you name it...with a couple of mouse clicks while blogging here. I fail to see your point.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting allancalderini:
Actually with being one of the most inactive list it never really past the G storm it was almost always the last one.


Not as bad as it seems. We exceeded the 'G' storm in every instance except 1982 and 1994. The real trouble began when we tried to eclipse Isaac, lol.
Member Since: March 7, 2007 Posts: 585 Comments: 20862
506. flsky
headed to Howard beach, ny in a couple of days. Anybody have any insights?? Please send to my Wu EMAIL. thanks
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting sunlinepr:
The question is: Will all those houses and buildings will be allowed to be rebuilt in the same places?

What about a new similar event on the near future?

If they can get insurance at a reasonable price, many will rebuild. I expect that insurance companies will make the cost of insurance for beachfront property unaffordable, so many homes will not be rebuilt.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting whitewabit:


The curse was that the list never got beyond the P or R storm I believe
Actually with being one of the most inactive list it never really past the G storm it was almost always the last one.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
.
Member Since: July 17, 2009 Posts: 71 Comments: 26527
502. BtnTx
Quoting Grothar:


Nice observation.

One of my greatest fears was waiting in line at the "Pearly Gates" behind Mother Theresa, and hearing this big booming voice tell her..."You know, you could have done a little more.."

I've posted this a few times in the past but I think it might be appropriate tonight.

"As you grow older, you will discover that you have two hands, one for helping yourself, the other for helping others."

people that give and help are busy giving and helping NOT BLOGGING ABOUT IT - I will now await my wu ban for the caps - Support Portlight.org!
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting uncwhurricane85:


they rebuild here in north carolina about every 5-10 years, being the strike frequency is no where near what it is here i would imagine they will be able to



Would it be possible to create a Galveston like infrastructure along those coastal areas?
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting sunlinepr:


That photo could be real maybe after a nuclear attack situation

Not unless the entire CONUS was all dark at the same time. :)
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting CaicosRetiredSailor:
OCTOBER 31, 2012 6:07 PM

Cuomo Administration Puts A Stop To Hurricane Deductibles

BY GLENN BLAIN
New York homeowners will be spared thousands of dollars in potential costs from so-called hurricane deductibles in their insurance polices, Gov. Cuomo announced Wednesday.

 “We have informed the insurance industry that hurricane deductibles are not triggered because Sandy did not have sustained hurricane-force winds when it made land in New York,” said Benjamin Lawsky, Cuomo’s Superintendent of Financial Services.

Many insurance policies, according to the Cuomo administration, contain hurricane deductibles based on a percentage of a property’s insured value. They range from one percent of a home’s insured value to five percent.

I hope, for the sake of homeowners, that this holds up in court, but it's going to be a tough row to hoe when the NHC showed Sandy as still being a cat 1 at landfall and even for a bit inland.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting sar2401:

It's a fake of a fake. This image has been floating around since 2003, and it was fake then. It's not hard to check Snopes for thing like this.

Snopes Link to Fake Blackout Image


That photo could be real maybe after a nuclear attack situation
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting sunlinepr:
The question is: Will all those houses and buildings will be allowed to be rebuilt in the same places?

What about a new similar event on the near future?


they rebuild here in north carolina about every 5-10 years, being the strike frequency is no where near what it is here i would imagine they will be able to
Member Since: August 4, 2010 Posts: 0 Comments: 572
Langone Was Patient at Namesake Hospital Amid Evacuation

By Christine Harper - Oct 31, 2012 12:00 AM ET


Kenneth Langone, the billionaire chairman of New York University Hospital, said he was recovering from pneumonia at NYU Langone Medical Center and had to be evacuated after Hurricane Sandy knocked out power.

“The backup generators failed, it’s that simple, but the story here is the magnificence of the effort of all of our people and what they did,” Langone, 77, said yesterday in a phone interview from his Fifth Avenue apartment. “Just think of the effort to bring down 200 and some patients and they did it, and they did it all night long.”

Langone, who co-founded Atlanta-based Home Depot Inc. (HD), said hospital officials expected backup generators to work and were surprised by the severity of the storm.
Member Since: July 12, 2007 Posts: 0 Comments: 6049
The question is: Will all those houses and buildings will be allowed to be rebuilt in the same places?

What about a new similar event on the near future?
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting VAstorms:


Go away. There is no such twitter feed and no such report.

Actually, this tweet is real.
Link
Link

Here's the video of the story that the tweet was referring to.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting KEEPEROFTHEGATE:
It's a bit like watching the Japan Tsunami footage.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting HurrikanEB:
I really feel like this has been edited, buuut it was one of the largest power failures like Dr.Masters pointed out. So, i don't know.... thoughts?




It's a fake of a fake. This image has been floating around since 2003, and it was fake then. It's not hard to check Snopes for thing like this.

Snopes Link to Fake Blackout Image
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting sar2401:

They aren't. I never lived in the NYC area, so I'm not familiar with how things go up there after a major storm. In Alabama, after our horrific tornado outbreak last year, people just showed up with chain saws, skip loaders, dump trucks and went to work.In terms of immediate relief, FEMA was the last one we wanted to see on scene.but I'd bet there are still a lot of people, out of the limelight, just helping one another.


Exactly, after the Great Nashville Flood of May 2010, the Volunteer State came together and began to work, now two years later, you can't tell there was a major flood. My school had a drive for items needed and it became the largest drive we ever did. We even organized ourselves to go out and help to re-build peoples homes. Same with the Nashville Tornado and the Goodlettsville Tornado. We came out with chainsaws and went right to work. Worked faster than the utility company could. We all stuck together and cleaned up after the disaster, and now there isn't any traces of the old disasters.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting BahaHurican:
Nope. Born, raised, navel string buried here, as they say. My grandmother, who was hit this weekend by Sandy, was hit last year by Irene, and by numerous hurricanes over the years dating as far back as the 1926, 28 and 29 hurricanes. I'm not living in any dream world. Here we survive hurricanes because we pull together as much as we can. I've seen numerous instances over the years of the young men of the neighbourhood going around to help the old people batten up before a storm and clear away damaged trees and other debris afterwards. Neighbours with water or power share with neighbours who don't have. So far we have kept that "all of we is one family" attitude in the face of disaster. It's one way we survive. Those who can do for themselves do; those who need help get it, because in the end we understand what goes around comes around.

I find it hard to believe 3
Americans are so very different.


Quoting BahaHurican:
REally gone this time... UNCW... u made me stay on when I should already be in the land of dreams!

LOL...


Quoting BahaHurican:
REally gone this time... UNCW... u made me stay on when I should already be in the land of dreams!

LOL...


if you arent from here you will not understand it. oh well have a good sleep
Member Since: August 4, 2010 Posts: 0 Comments: 572


A view shows debris on the shoreline next to an amusement park pier partially destroyed by Hurricane Sandy in Seaside Park, New Jersey October 31, 2012. The U.S. Northeast began an arduous slog back to normal on Wednesday after historic storm Sandy crippled transportation, knocked out power for millions and killed at least 64 people with a massive storm surge that caused epic flooding. REUTERS/Steve Nesius (UNITED STATES - Tags: ENVIRONMENT DISASTER)
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting KoritheMan:

Doesn't that make her the deadliest US hurricane since Katrina?

According to Wikipedia, Hurricane Ike killed 112 people in Texas, with 23 people still missing. I would guess that Sandy will probably eclipse this.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting HurrikanEB:


Reminds me of all the boat piles after frances and ivan..




This one looks like it had a magnet to attract all of them to the backyard.... or I mean the frontyard....


Boats are piled up between houses in an aerial view of Hurricane Sandy damage along the New Jersey coast, in this photograph taken on October 30, 2012 and released on October 31. The U.S. Northeast began an arduous slog back to normal on Wednesday after historic storm Sandy crippled transportation, knocked out power for millions and killed at least 64 people with a massive storm surge that caused epic flooding.REUTERS/Tim Aubry/Greenpeace/Handout...
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting sunlinepr:


Reminds me of all the boat piles after frances and ivan..


Member Since: May 2, 2008 Posts: 12 Comments: 1340
Quoting CaicosRetiredSailor:
OCTOBER 31, 2012 6:07 PM

Cuomo Administration Puts A Stop To Hurricane Deductibles

BY GLENN BLAIN
New York homeowners will be spared thousands of dollars in potential costs from so-called hurricane deductibles in their insurance polices, Gov. Cuomo announced Wednesday.

 “We have informed the insurance industry that hurricane deductibles are not triggered because Sandy did not have sustained hurricane-force winds when it made land in New York,” said Benjamin Lawsky, Cuomo’s Superintendent of Financial Services.

Many insurance policies, according to the Cuomo administration, contain hurricane deductibles based on a percentage of a property’s insured value. They range from one percent of a home’s insured value to five percent.



WOW!!!
Member Since: August 16, 2007 Posts: 0 Comments: 499
Quoting BahaHurican:
Nope. Born, raised, navel string buried here, as they say. My grandmother, who was hit this weekend by Sandy, was hit last year by Irene, and by numerous hurricanes over the years dating as far back as the 1926, 28 and 29 hurricanes. I'm not living in any dream world. Here we survive hurricanes because we pull together as much as we can. I've seen numerous instances over the years of the young men of the neighbourhood going around to help the old people batten up before a storm and clear away damaged trees and other debris afterwards. Neighbours with water or power share with neighbours who don't have. So far we have kept that "all of we is one family" attitude in the face of disaster. It's one way we survive. Those who can do for themselves do; those who need help get it, because in the end we understand what goes around comes around.

I find it hard to believe Americans are so very different.

They aren't. I never lived in the NYC area, so I'm not familiar with how things go up there after a major storm. In Alabama, after our horrific tornado outbreak last year, people just showed up with chain saws, skip loaders, dump trucks and went to work. Those that couldn't work cooked. Stores donated hundreds of thousands of pounds of food and bottled water. Church busses showed up with 25 or 30 kids, and they dug through mud and debris all day, helping families find their belongings. In terms of immediate relief, FEMA was the last one we wanted to see on scene. We all took care of each other, with no paperwork or forms to fill out. I suspect things in NYC are worse, since so many people are dependent on city services for simple things like getting to work, but I'd bet there are still a lot of people, out of the limelight, just helping one another.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
OCTOBER 31, 2012 6:07 PM

Cuomo Administration Puts A Stop To Hurricane Deductibles

BY GLENN BLAIN
New York homeowners will be spared thousands of dollars in potential costs from so-called hurricane deductibles in their insurance polices, Gov. Cuomo announced Wednesday.

 “We have informed the insurance industry that hurricane deductibles are not triggered because Sandy did not have sustained hurricane-force winds when it made land in New York,” said Benjamin Lawsky, Cuomo’s Superintendent of Financial Services.

Many insurance policies, according to the Cuomo administration, contain hurricane deductibles based on a percentage of a property’s insured value. They range from one percent of a home’s insured value to five percent.
Member Since: July 12, 2007 Posts: 0 Comments: 6049
Quoting HurrikanEB:
I really feel like this has been edited, buuut it was one of the largest power failures like Dr.Masters pointed out. So, i don't know.... thoughts?





I believe that is an image from 2003.
Member Since: July 17, 2009 Posts: 71 Comments: 26527
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting aerojad:
Don't believe I've seen this posted yet. Grim situation still unfolding:

https://twitter.com/TWC_Shawn/status/263809298969 288705

Grim news from WNBC-TV, rescuers going door-to-door on Staten Island finding a lot of people who drowned inside their homes #Sandy


Go away. There is no such twitter feed and no such report.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
REally gone this time... UNCW... u made me stay on when I should already be in the land of dreams!

LOL...
Member Since: October 25, 2005 Posts: 19 Comments: 22322
Quoting HurrikanEB:
I really feel like this has been edited, buuut it was one of the largest power failures like Dr.Masters pointed out. So, i don't know.... thoughts?





Last photos from NexSat, NRL



Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting aerojad:
Don't believe I've seen this posted yet. Grim situation still unfolding:

https://twitter.com/TWC_Shawn/status/263809298969 288705

Grim news from WNBC-TV, rescuers going door-to-door on Staten Island finding a lot of people who drowned inside their homes #Sandy

Completely false. There is no such story on WNBC, nor any other news outlet I've checked. Five people have been found dead in or near homes at scattered locations across Staten Island from Tuesday afternoon until now. Rescue teams are still checking homes, as they always do after a disaster, and it wouldn't surprise me for them to find perhaps one or two more dead. This is hardly "a lot of people drowned inside their homes". If this info is coming from a legitimate TWC person named Shawn, he needs to do more fact checking before posting such a thing. I'm reluctant to blame anyone at TWC, however, given the hundreds of fake twitter accounts found so far.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting uncwhurricane85:


agree to disagree you obviously have not been throughwhat I nor the people in the mid atlantic/northeast have been through. I figure you live in the Bahamas but probably are not from there. So you have had your fair share of storms but havent never lost everything. We will see in the coming years. Good luck with living on an island the will one day not be there or get smashed by a cat 5. I hope someone is there to help you.
Nope. Born, raised, navel string buried here, as they say. My grandmother, who was hit this weekend by Sandy, was hit last year by Irene, and by numerous hurricanes over the years dating as far back as the 1926, 28 and 29 hurricanes. I'm not living in any dream world. Here we survive hurricanes because we pull together as much as we can. I've seen numerous instances over the years of the young men of the neighbourhood going around to help the old people batten up before a storm and clear away damaged trees and other debris afterwards. Neighbours with water or power share with neighbours who don't have. So far we have kept that "all of we is one family" attitude in the face of disaster. It's one way we survive. Those who can do for themselves do; those who need help get it, because in the end we understand what goes around comes around.

I find it hard to believe Americans are so very different.
Member Since: October 25, 2005 Posts: 19 Comments: 22322
Member Since: Posts: Comments:

Quoting CaicosRetiredSailor:
The AP is reporting that Hurricane Sandy's U.S. death toll has climbed to at least 74 people. The total fatalities rose from 72 after two more deaths were reported in New Jersey. No additional details about those fatalities were given.

Also, power outages now stand at more than 5.6 million homes and businesses, down from a peak of 8.5 million, the AP reported.
Doesn't that make her the deadliest US hurricane since Katrina?
Member Since: March 7, 2007 Posts: 585 Comments: 20862
Member Since: Posts: Comments:


gonna be nothing

yea nothing left
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
The AP is reporting that Hurricane Sandy's U.S. death toll has climbed to at least 74 people. The total fatalities rose from 72 after two more deaths were reported in New Jersey. No additional details about those fatalities were given.

Also, power outages now stand at more than 5.6 million homes and businesses, down from a peak of 8.5 million, the AP reported.
Member Since: July 12, 2007 Posts: 0 Comments: 6049
Just wanted to apologize to anyone I might have offended with what I said the other night (about wanting Sandy to realize her full potential). Almost nothing ever legitimately disturbs me, even the things JFV says. Even at those kinds of people, the most you'll get from me is the shaking of my head. However, I've come to realize, especially after what I inadvertently said to a friend last night, that few people are like me in this regard. I can count on one hand the amount of things people say and do that would actually make me bat an eye. Perhaps I've been desensitized. Who knows.

Point being, I tend to arrogantly think that everyone is the same as me, when they're clearly not. I'm not trying to parade myself as some paragon of logical thought. I'm just saying that I tend to forget that most people are not as relaxed as me, and are more apt to not be apathetic. I consider this a severe character flaw of mine, and after what happened with my friend last night, I realize it needs some work.

I don't know if I'm making sense or not (hard to put this into words), but I tried. Anyways, just wanted to apologize about the other night, as well as any other instances where I've seemed ill-compassionate. Tribucanes called me a "lightning rod" once. I think that most accurately describes me. My logical and stone cold demeanor often makes me look more cold-hearted than I really am.
Member Since: March 7, 2007 Posts: 585 Comments: 20862
Quoting KEEPEROFTHEGATE:


My worst fear when we lived on the coast. Good lord.
Member Since: August 16, 2007 Posts: 0 Comments: 499
There was tremendous damage done to Staten Island, which is a borough of New York City. I believe 4 died there. There has not been much reporting on this until today.


Member Since: July 17, 2009 Posts: 71 Comments: 26527

Viewing: 516 - 466

Page: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19Blog Index

Top of Page

About

Jeff co-founded the Weather Underground in 1995 while working on his Ph.D. He flew with the NOAA Hurricane Hunters from 1986-1990.