Superstorm Sandy delivers a devastating blow to the U.S.

By: Dr. Jeff Masters , 3:23 PM GMT on October 30, 2012

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In a stunning spectacle of atmospheric violence, Superstorm Sandy roared ashore in New Jersey last night with sustained winds of 90 mph and a devastating storm surge that crippled coastal New Jersey and New York. Sandy's record size allowed the historic storm to bring extreme weather to over 100 million Americans, from Chicago to Maine and from Michigan to Florida. Sandy's barometric pressure at landfall was 946 mb, tying the Great Long Island Express Hurricane of 1938 as the most powerful storm ever to hit the Northeast U.S. north of Cape Hatteras, NC. New York City experienced its worst hurricane since its founding in 1624, as Sandy's 9-foot storm surge rode in on top of a high tide to bring water levels to 13.88' at The Battery, smashing the record 11.2' water level recorded during the great hurricane of 1821. Damage from Superstorm Sandy will likely be in the tens of billions, making the storm one of the five most expensive disasters in U.S. history.


Figure 1. Morning satellite image of Superstorm Sandy taken at 10 am EDT Tuesday, October 30, 2012. Image credit: NASA GSFC.


Figure 2. Sandy's storm surge (green line) at New York City hit 9' near 9 pm EDT, right when water levels due to high tide (blue line.) The total storm tide (red line) reached 13.88 above Mean Lower Low Water, an all-time record for NYC. Image credit: NOAA Tides and Currents.


Figure 3. Storm surge forced the Delaware River in Philadelphia to a crest of 10.62 feet at 4 a.m. EDT this morning, breaking the previous record of 10.50 feet set Apr. 17, 2011 and Nov. 25, 1950. Image credit: NOAA.

Sandy sets all-time low pressure records
Sandy's impact has been so severe over such a wide area that it is difficult to adequately document the event. I'll start with some of the major cities that set all-time low pressure records during Sandy, with the new record followed by the old record and date of occurrence (thanks go to wunderground weather historian Christopher C. Burt for putting this list together):

Atlantic City, NJ: 28.01"/948mb 28.37"/961mb 3/6/1932

Philadelphia, PA: 28.12"/953mb 28.43"/963mb 3/13/1993

Harrisburg, PA: 28.46"/964mb 28.62"/969mb 1/3/1913

Scranton, PA: 28.69"/971mb 28.72"/973mb 2/25/1965

Trenton, NJ: 28.31"/958mb 28.43"/963mb 3/13/1993

Baltimore, MD: 28.49"/965mb 28.68"/971mb 3/3/1932

Harrisburg, PA: 28.46"/964mb 28.62"/969mb 1/3/1913

Cities that came close to setting their all-time low pressure record:

Newark, NJ: 28.51"/965mb 28.45"/963 3/13/1993

New York, NY: 28.53"/966mb 28.38"/961mb 3/1/1914

Washington D.C. 28.63"/969mb 28.54/966mb 3/13/1993

Lynchburg, VA: 29.12"/986mb 28.84"/977mb 3/6/1932

Elkins, WV: 29.22"/989mb 28.85"/977mb 2/25/1965

Sandy's snows
Sandy's snows have clobbered the town of Davis, WV with an estimated 26 - 28" of snow. Most of the town is without power, and winds are blowing 20 - 30 mph with 40 mph gusts. Sandy brought the snowiest October day on record to both Elkins, WV (7" of snow) and Bluefield, WV (4.7".)


Video 1. Multiple trees fall during powerful gusts during Superstorm Sandy's landfall in New Jersey Monday evening (warming: foul language.)

There's so much more to say about Sandy--including how the storm may have been influenced by climate change--but I'll save this for later posts, as it's time to get something posted.

Angela Fritz has a 2:30 pm EDT post that discusses the latest on Sandy's impact and forecast.

Jeff Masters

Hurricane Sandy (Biskitten)
Amazing waves at high tide and the storm is just beginning here in Seacoast NH!
Hurricane Sandy
Downed Sycamore (deltabird)
Weehawken NJ
Downed Sycamore
Davis, West Virginia - 4 PM (beaudodson)
Snow increasing in intensity.
Davis, West Virginia - 4 PM
Corn Neck Road, Block Island, RI (JudyGray)
Corn Neck Road, Block Island, RI
Harlem, NYC (ArsenalNYC)
Part of the roof of my building ripped off during Hurricane Sandy and landed on two cars across the street
Harlem, NYC

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Quoting Civicane49:


Isn't this the first year that both the Atlantic and the eastern Pacific season has at least 17 tropical storms each?


To my knowledge, yeah.
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Quoting centex:
This is USA missing not so vague.
what about all the homeless people in NYC (and other cities) where do they go? how do they know about evacuations? haven't heard any mention of this issue in the ongoing coverage. back to lurking.....
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Quoting KoritheMan:
With the formation of Tropical Storm Rosa, the 2012 Eastern Pacific hurricane season is the most active since 2006, when we made it all the way to 'Sergio'.


Isn't this the first year that both the Atlantic and the eastern Pacific season has at least 17 tropical storms each?
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703. BtnTx
Cantore will be on Letterman another no audience show soon
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Quoting MercForHire:
Have a question which I SHOULD know the answer to, but don't.

Weather just showed the Jet Stream making a perfect half-circle around Sandy's rear-end (That would be her bottom :) ). So did Sandy PULL the Jet Stream into that arc, or did Sandy slip into an arc which was already there, in effect pulling HER in?


Without looking at anything, the latter sounds more plausible. I doubt Sandy's circulation is deep enough at this point to be pulled by the upper flow.
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Have a question which I SHOULD know the answer to, but don't.

Weather just showed the Jet Stream making a perfect half-circle around Sandy's rear-end (That would be her bottom :) ). So did Sandy PULL the Jet Stream into that arc, or did Sandy slip into an arc which was already there, in effect pulling HER in?
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With the formation of Tropical Storm Rosa, the 2012 Eastern Pacific hurricane season is the most active since 2006, when we made it all the way to 'Sergio'.
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699. AlexN
Quoting Neapolitan:
Interesting you would mention nuclear blasts. Did you know the oceans are currently heating up at the rate of more than two Hiroshima "Little Boy" atomic bomb detonations per second, every second? And that they've been doing so for more than the last 50 years? (Source)

Of course there's also that conspicuous absence of any natural forcing commensurate with the trend (which remains nascent thanks to inertial lag and longer term amplifying feedbacks). Plus all the other lines of evidence for an enhanced greenhouse effect being primary:
http://www.skepticalscience.com/its-not-us-basic. htm
http://www.skepticalscience.com/How-do-we-know-CO 2-is-causing-warming.html
http://agwobserver.wordpress.com/2010/03/25/paper s-on-formal-attribution/

And a bit of research would've revealed that the Milankovitch glacial-interglacial cycle should be causing slow cooling in the Arctic, not global warming.
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696. wxmod
When they said 17000 flights had been canceled because of Sandy, I breathed a sigh of relief. These are ships producing these clouds, in the Pacific. MODIS

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Tropical Storm Rosa:

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Sounds like Sandy will come in as number 4 maybe better behind Andrew, Katrina, and Wilma.
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LinkAerial View of NJ Shoreline from the National Guard

goodnight
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There was an image of a house earlier today with a big chunk missing yet the roof was still perfect on top.


People were saying it was fake. It seems that the house itself looks to be real and is located in Union Bay, NJ and the damage looks legit. Sometimes reality is way weird.

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Quoting centex:
This is USA missing not so vague.


I defer to Hurricane Ike...

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687. BtnTx
Quoting CaicosRetiredSailor:
1938 - Long Island Express

... author William Manchester wrote in The Glory and the Dream: A Narrative History of America, 1932-1972.

Manchester said a man living on Long Island received a barometer in the mail that he’d ordered a few days earlier. When he opened the package, the instrument’s needle pointed to a reading of “Hurricanes and Tornadoes.” Thinking that the barometer was broken, the annoyed man left his home to go to the post office to mail it back.

“While he was gone, his house blew away,” Manchester wrote. “It happened that quickly.”

The hurricane, which came to be called the Long Island Express because of its uncanny speed, inflicted more devastation on New England. More than 700 people were killed, and the storm blew down enough trees to build 200,000 homes, Manchester wrote.
that is very interesting, thx!
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686. HadesGodWyvern (Mod)
India Meteorological Department
Tropical Cyclone Advisory #17
CYCLONIC STORM NILAM (BOB02-2012)
5:30 AM IST October 31 2012
=========================================

Cyclone Warning For North Tamil Nadu, Puducherry And Adjoining South Andhra Pradesh Coasts

Orange Message


At 0:00 AM UTC, Cyclonic Storm Nilam moved northwestward and now lays centered near 10.5N 81.5E or about 320 km south southeast of Chennai, India and 220 km north of Trincomalee, Sri Lanka. The system is likely to move north northwestward and cross northern Tamil Nadu and adjoining southern Andhra Pradesh coast between Cuddalore and Nellore near Chennai around 12:00 PM UTC, October 31st,

According to satellite imagery, The Dvorak intensity of the cyclone is 3.0. Associated broken intense to very intense convection lies over Sri Lanka, Gulf of Mannar, Comrin, Palk Strait, Tamil Nadu, adjoining Rayalseema, southwestern adjoining west central Bay of Bengal between 7.5N to 15.5N west of 83.5E.

3 minute sustained winds near the center is 45 knots gusting up to 55 knots. The estimated central pressure of Nalim is 994 hPa. The state of the sea is high around the center of the cyclone.

Considering the environmental features, the sea surface temperature is about 29-30C. Over south Bay of Bengal. The ocean thermal energy is >80 kj/cm2 around the system center. The Madden Julian Oscillation index currently lies over phase 2. As per statistical and numerical weather prediction model predictions, it is expected to lie in phase 2 during next 3 days. An anticyclonic circulation lies over west central Bay of Bengal (northeast of system center). The upper tropospheric ridge lies along 17.0N. The low level convergence, upper level divergence and relative vorticity remained same during past six hours and the vertical wind shear between 200 and 850 HPA levels is of the order of 10 knots around system center. 24 hours wind shear tendency shows decreasing trend of the order of 5-10 knots over west central Bay of Bengal off Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh coast.

Forecast and Intensity
======================
12 HRS: 12.5N 80.3E - 45 knots (Cyclonic Storm)
36 HRS: 15.3N 78.3E - Low Pressure Area
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Beautiful night here in Lake Worth. Temps in the 50's. Prayers to all affected by Sandy.
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Quoting KEEPEROFTHEGATE:


many have been swept away by water
the true number which won't ever be known
This is USA missing not so vague.
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.
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Quoting Autistic2:


I think that number of dead will increase more as the clean up swings into high gear. Very unfortinate. I think alot of those people died from falling trees. I saw the video earler of the trees falling down, thinking, put the camera down and get to the middleof you house!


many have been swept away by water
the true number which won't ever be known
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Evening everyone.
LinkLoopofSandyRemnants

Count me among the people still in shock over what just happened.



Huge and impenetrable no more.
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680. Ookla
Quoting KarenRei:


How about the explanation that that never happened?

Here's a peer-reviewed reference to that regard (not that you care about the scientific process!)

Link

Do explain other reports that temp gain has been relatively flat?


They're not.

And don't quote the frauds in England that were caught manipulating numbers as evidenced through their emails.


They were resoundingly cleared of wrongdoing by many subsequent investigations from a wide range of different bodies

It has been shown that temp rose first before co2 rose in the past.


On geological scales, CO2 is feedback. On human scales, it's forcing. That is to say, it's average atmospheric residency time is hundreds of years. On scales of hundreds of thousands of years, it will equalize to whatever is natural given the other factors driving the climate; it is merely a (major) amplifying response**. But we're directly injecting it now. The changes are not a "response" to other factors, it's being directly put there by us. Quite obviously; we can even see the isotopic ratio changing, as we're burning "old" (radioisotope-depleted) carbon. And while whatever we inject will be gone after several hundreds to a few thousand of years, which is the blink of an eye from a planetary perspective, it's many dozens of generations from a human perspective.

** The primary driver of the ice ages is the "Milankovitch" orbital cycles. However, the forcing from the orbit alone is a small fraction of what is actually experienced during the ice ages. The rest is amplification from feedback factors, mainly CO2 and water vapor. Water vapor is an even faster feedback, with an average atmospheric residency of only a few weeks. Even on a human scale, water vapor is a feedback.


Thank you. This is the kind of response that makes this so fascinating to me.
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Quoting trHUrrIXC5MMX:


I see...is this better wording for you...

. how many millions of dollars well spent to save lives...

sorry for not adding that word

better
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Quoting centex:
Fine but very misleading post. how many millions of dollars spent to save lives...

Like they spent to much per million. Sorry if this was misunderstood. I'm kind of sensitive to over hype crap for historical systems.


I see...is this better wording for you...

. how many millions of dollars well spent to save lives...

sorry for not adding that word
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Quoting trHUrrIXC5MMX:


that's the best way to invest..for humanity and safety



you misunderstood me...
Fine but very misleading post. how many millions of dollars spent to save lives...

Like they spent to much per million. Sorry if this was misunderstood. I'm kind of sensitive to over hype crap for historical systems.
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POST-TROPICAL CYCLONE SANDY ADVISORY NUMBER 35
NWS HYDROMETEOROLOGICAL PREDICTION CENTER COLLEGE PARK MD AL182012
1100 PM EDT TUE OCT 30 2012

...POST-TROPICAL CYCLONE SANDY CONTINUES TO WEAKEN OVER
PENNSYLVANIA...

SUMMARY OF 1100 PM EDT...0300 UTC...INFORMATION
-----------------------------------------------
LOCATION...41.3N 79.4W
ABOUT 50 MILES...80 KM...ENE OF PITTSBURGH PENNSYLVANIA.
MAXIMUM SUSTAINED WINDS...40 MPH...64 KM/H
PRESENT MOVEMENT...NW OR 320 DEGREES AT 08 MPH...13 KM/H
MINIMUM CENTRAL PRESSURE...992 MB...29.29 INCHES


WATCHES AND WARNINGS
--------------------
SUMMARY OF WATCHES AND WARNINGS IN EFFECT...

GALE WARNINGS AND SMALL CRAFT ADVISORIES ARE IN EFFECT FOR
PORTIONS OF THE GREAT LAKES. SMALL CRAFT ADVISORIES ARE IN EFFECT
ALONG MUCH OF THE MID-ATLANTIC AND NORTHEAST COASTS.

FLOOD AND COASTAL FLOOD WATCHES...WARNINGS...AND ADVISORIES ARE IN
EFFECT OVER PORTIONS OF THE MID-ATLANTIC AND NORTHEAST STATES.

BLIZZARD WARNINGS REMAIN IN EFFECT ALONG THE HIGHER ELEVATIONS OF
THE CENTRAL APPALACHIANS. WINTER STORM WARNINGS AND WINTER
WEATHER ADVISORIES REMAIN IN EFFECT FOR THE MOUNTAINS OF SOUTHWEST
PENNSYLVANIA...WESTERN MARYLAND...AND SOUTHWESTWARD INTO EASTERN
TENNESSEE...EASTERN KENTUCKY...AND EXTREME WESTERN NORTH CAROLINA.

FOR INFORMATION SPECIFIC TO YOUR AREA...INCLUDING POSSIBLE WATCHES
AND WARNINGS...PLEASE MONITOR PRODUCTS ISSUED BY YOUR LOCAL
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE OFFICE AT WWW.WEATHER.GOV.


DISCUSSION AND 48-HOUR OUTLOOK
------------------------------
AT 1100 PM EDT...0300 UTC...THE CENTER OF SANDY WAS LOCATED NEAR
LATITUDE 41.3 NORTH...AND LONGITUDE 79.4 WEST. THE POST-TROPICAL
CYCLONE WAS MOVING TOWARD THE NORTHWEST AT 08 MPH...13 KM/H.
SANDY IS EXPECTED TO TURN NORTH ACROSS WESTERN NEW YORK OR LAKE
ERIE...AND CONTINUE TO MOVE NORTHWARD INTO CANADA ON WEDNESDAY.

MAXIMUM SUSTAINED WINDS ARE NEAR 40 MPH...64 KM/H...WITH HIGHER
GUSTS.

MINIMUM CENTRAL PRESSURE IS 992 MB...29.29 INCHES.


HAZARDS
-------
WIND...STRONG WINDS WILL CONTINUE THROUGH WEDNESDAY MORNING OVER
PORTIONS OF THE NORTHEAST...CENTRAL/SOUTHERN APPALACHIANS...AND
ACROSS THE GREAT LAKES.

STORM SURGE...EVEN THOUGH WATER LEVELS ALONG THE COAST HAVE BEEN
SUBSIDING...THE COMBINATION OF STORM SURGE AND THE TIDE COULD
STILL CAUSE NORMALLY DRY AREAS NEAR THE COAST TO BE FLOODED BY
RISING WATERS...ESPECIALLY IN AREAS APPROACHING HIGH TIDE. THE
WATER COULD REACH THE FOLLOWING DEPTHS ABOVE GROUND AT THE TIME OF
HIGH TIDE.

THE FRESHWATER FLOOD WATERS ORIGINATING IN THE UPPER POTOMAC FROM
THE RAINS OF SANDY WILL START TO IMPACT THE TIDAL
POTOMAC...RESULTING IN A SIGNIFICANT FLOOD STARTING THIS EVENING
AND CONTINUING THROUGH FRIDAY AFTERNOON.

ELSEWHEREELEVATED WATER LEVELS ALONG THE COAST OF NORTH
CAROLINA TO MASSACHUSETTS WILL SUBSIDE OVERNIGHT AND ON WEDNESDAY.

DUE TO STRONG AND PERSISTENT NORTHERLY WINDS...COASTAL FLOODING
ALONG PORTIONS OF THE GREAT LAKES IS POSSIBLE.

SURGE-RELATED FLOODING DEPENDS ON THE RELATIVE TIMING OF THE SURGE
AND THE TIDAL CYCLE...AND CAN VARY GREATLY OVER SHORT DISTANCES.
THE SURGE COULD BE ACCOMPANIED BY LARGE AND DANGEROUS WAVES ALONG
PORTIONS OF THE COAST EXPOSED TO THE ATLANTIC OCEAN. FOR
INFORMATION SPECIFIC TO YOUR AREA...PLEASE SEE PRODUCTS ISSUED BY
YOUR LOCAL NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE OFFICE.

RAINFALL...ADDITIONAL RAINFALL ACCUMULATIONS OF UP TO AN INCH ARE
EXPECTED FROM THE EASTERN GREAT LAKES...ACROSS THE MID-ATLANTIC
AND INTO SOUTHERN NEW ENGLAND. THIS WILL BRING STORM TOTAL
PRECIPITATION AMOUNTS OF 6 TO 12 INCHES ACROSS THE MID-ATLANTIC
REGION FROM SOUTHERN NEW JERSEY ACROSS
DELAWARE...MARYLAND...NORTHERN VIRGINIA AND SOUTHERN PENNSYLVANIA.
ADDITIONAL PRECIPITATION AMOUNTS OF 1 TO 2 INCHES ARE EXPECTED
OVER EASTERN MAINE THROUGH WEDNESDAY.

SNOWFALL...ADDITIONAL SNOWFALL ACCUMULATIONS OF 5 TO 10 INCHES ARE
EXPECTED IN THE MOUNTAINS OF WEST VIRGINIA INTO FAR WESTERN
MARYLAND...WITH ISOLATED AMOUNTS UP TO 15 INCHES. THIS WILL BRING
STORM SNOWFALL TOTALS TO 2 TO 3 FEET OVER PORTIONS OF THE CENTRAL
APPALACHIANS...AND 1 TO 2 FEET OVER EASTERN PORTIONS OF KENTUCKY
AND THE MOUNTAINS ALONG THE NORTH CAROLINA/TENNESSEE BORDER.

SURF...DANGEROUS SURF CONDITIONS WILL CONTINUE FROM FLORIDA
THROUGH NEW ENGLAND FOR THE NEXT COUPLE OF DAYS.


RAINFALL TOTALS
---------------
SELECTED STORM TOTAL RAINFALL IN INCHES THROUGH 10 PM EDT

...WASHINGTON DC...
WASHINGTON 5.1 NW 5.83
WASHINGTON/NATIONAL 4.78

...DELAWARE...
GEORGETOWN 10.20
DOVER 6.4 WNW 9.62
MILFORD 9.55
INDIAN RIVER ACRES 9.49
REHOBOTH BEACH 9.37
CLAYTON 6.6 W 8.62
DOVER AFB 8.47
DELANEY CORNER 8.33
MILTON 8.30
SMYRNA 2.7 SSE 8.30
SEAFORD 2.3 SSE 8.27
FELTON 3.6 NE 8.00
DOVER 7.98
VIOLA 7.84
GEORGETOWN 5.8 W 7.76
NEWARK 3.9 SSW 7.68
WILMINGTON ARPT 4.34

...MASSACHUSETTS...
NORTH ASHBURNHAM 3.70
FITCHBURG 3.69
PEPPERELL 3.30
ASHBURNHAM 3.20
AYER 3.11
EAST MILTON 3.03
LEOMINSTER 1.5 S 2.92
NATICK 1.7 NNE 2.85
NORTON 1.8 NNE 2.80
ACTON 1.3 SW 2.76
MILLIS 0.6 SSE 2.65
NORTHBOROUGH 0.6 SSE 2.60
NORWOOD 1.3 NW 2.59
FITCHBURG 1.6 SSW 2.58
ANDOVER 1.5 W 2.48
BEDFORD/HANSCOM FIELD 2.40

NANTUCKET MEMORIAL ARPT 2.01


...MARYLAND...
EASTON 0.7 NNW 12.55
1 NNW EASTON 12.49
GREENSBORO 1.4 ENE 10.53
1 E GREENSBORO 9.93
QUEENSTOWN 2.6 S 9.89
TRAPPE 3.5 NE 9.78
BISHOPVILLE 3.1 E 9.48
DENTON 5.8 WSW 9.18
PRINCESS ANNE 4.4 WSW 8.81
PASADENA 2.6 ESE 8.60
PATUXENT RIVER NAS 8.32
LA PLATA 5.8 SE 8.23
SALISBURY RGNL ARPT 7.53
OCEAN CITY MUNI ARPT 7.20
BALIMORE SCIENCE CENTER 7.15
ANNAPOLIS - US NAVAL ACADEMY 7.09
BALTIMORE/WASHINGTON INTL ARPT 6.65

...NORTH CAROLINA...
SALVO 0.9 NNE 8.09
AVON 0.7 NE 8.00
COROLLA 3.2 SSE 7.66
DUCK 0.3 SE 7.22
KILL DEVIL HILLS 2.5 NNW 6.47
HATTERAS/BILLY MITCHELL AP 6.26
COROLLA 11.7 NNW 5.90
KITTY HAWK 4.0 NNW 5.89
TRENT WOODS 1.3 SSE 4.11
JAMESVILLE 6.1 SW 3.84
JACKSONVILLE 2.0 E 3.75
HOLLY RIDGE 4.8 ENE 3.63
ELIZABETH CITY 10.5 NNW 3.56
MERRY HILL 3.8 E 3.51

...NEW HAMPSHIRE...
GORHAM 3.1 S 4.85
JAFFREY MUNI ARPT 4.63
CENTER SANDWICH 4.9 E 4.57
RANDOLPH 1.4 NE 4.51
MT WASHINGTON 4.05
NEWBURY 1.6 NW 4.00
EFFINGHAM 0.9 NNW 3.35
NEWBURY 4.0 SE 3.07
HILLSBOROUGH 2.1 NNW 3.00
BROOKLINE 2.1 SW 3.00
MADISON 1.7 SE 2.99
GREENVILLE 1.1 ENE 2.96
BROOKFIELD 0.9 WSW 2.91
PETERBOROUGH 2.98
KEENE 2.85

...NEW JERSEY...
WILDWOOD CREST 0.6 NNE 11.91
NORTH WILDWOOD 10.24
WEST CAPE MAY 9.37
LOWER TWP 2.2 NE 8.41
ERMA 8.20
ATLANTIC CITY 8.15
CAPE MAY 8.10
WOODBINE 0.8 NNW 7.84
UPPER TWP 3.2 SE 7.75
HAMILTON TWP 2.1 SE 7.56
WOODBINE 5.1 NE 7.52
NEWPORT 7.30
CAPE MAY 0.4 NNW 7.28
VINELAND 2.6 WSW 7.07
ESTELL MANOR 7.06
CEDARVILLE 7.00
EGG HARBOR TWP 1.3 NW 6.83
LINWOOD 0.7 SSW 6.82
UPPER DEERFIELD TWP 1.9 E 6.22

...NEW YORK...
WHITESVILLE 4.83
1 S HAMBURG 4.59
PERRYSBURG 4.41
1 SW DUNKIRK 4.09
BATAVIA GENESSEE 3.80
3 ENE LOCKPORT 3.63
SHERMAN 0.4 ENE 3.42
NIAGARA FALLS INTL ARPT 3.27
LOCKPORT 2.8 ENE 3.31
LANCASTER 4.1 ENE 3.26
ALCOTT CENTER 3.25
ELMA CENTER 0.7 SE 3.06
DANSVILLE 1.0 ENE 3.06
LOCKPORT 0.8 NE 3.05
WEST ALMOND 3.6 SW 3.04



...OHIO...
KIRTLAND 0.9 SW 5.69
MAYFIELD 0.2 NW 5.10
NORTH RIDGEVILLE 2.8 SSW 5.06
PAINESVILLE 3.8 SSW 5.02
ASHTABULA CO. ARPT 4.70
ELYRIA 3.0 SE 4.77
LORAIN/ELYRIA 4.61
CLEVELAND-HOPKINS INTL ARPT 4.56
BROADVIEW HEIGHTS 1.5 NW 4.44
AVON 1.6 SW 4.14
BRUNSWICK 0.5 NE 4.08
PARMA 1.9 NNW 3.96
RICHMOND HEIGHTS 0.4 NNE 3.88
WAKEMAN 4.6 NNE 3.77
ELYRIA 0.4 SE 3.70


...PENNSYLVANIA...
HANOVER 5.4 S 7.61
SCHELLSBURG 2.6 WNW 7.32
GLEN ROCK 2.2 ESE 6.54
MALVERN 0.5 NNE 6.32
LANDENBERG 1.8 ENE 5.96
NEW SALEM 0.3 WSW 5.92
2 ENE LANDEBERG 5.90
LITTLESTOWN 3.7 WNW 5.84
WEST CHESTER 5.78
LATROBE 0.6 NW 5.76
EXTON 5.59
WEST CHESTER 1.8 SE 5.54
HANOVER 3.0 WSW 5.51
ABBOTTSTOWN 2.4 N 5.43

...RHODE ISLAND...
WOONSOCKET 1.3 ESE 1.87
MANVILLE 0.2 NE 1.76
PAWTUCKET/NORTH CENTRAL ST ARPT 1.57

...VIRGINIA...
REEDVILLE 9.90
VIRGINIA BEACH 9.58
OCEANA NAS/SOUCEK 9.57
CASHVILLE .01 S 9.38
WHITE STONE 8.0 SSW 8.96
GREENBACKVILLE 0.4 WNW 8.64
PORT HAYWOOD 1.0 SE 8.59
ONLEY 0.6 SE 8.47
WALLOPS ISLAND 8.48
ONANCOCK 3.9 SW 8.39
VIRGINIA BEACH 1.7 NE 7.99
PURCELLVILLE 7.89
5 S MAYSVILLE 7.75
YORKTOWN 0.8 SE 7.73
NEWPORT NEWS 5.8 NE 7.63

...WEST VIRGINIA...
SHENANDOAH JUNCTION 4.46
FALLING WATERS 2.4 NW 4.36
SLANESVILLE 2.1 SE 3.99
MCMECHEN 6.0 E 3.56
MORGANTOWN/HART FIELD 3.42
CHARLES TOWN 2.5 NE 3.15
BUNKER HILL 0.8 WNW 3.06
SPRINGFIELD 2.3 ESE 3.04
BOOTHSVILLE 1.4 SE 2.83
MIDDLEBOURNE 0.3 ENE 2.80


SNOWFALL TOTALS
---------------
SELECTED STORM TOTAL SNOWFALL IN INCHES THROUGH 10 PM EDT

..KENTUCKY...
PAYNE GAP 14.0
LYNCH 3S 12.0
ELKO 1NW 9.0
BENHAM 3S 6.0

...MARYLAND...
REDHOUSE 29.0
FINZEL 24.0
OAKLAND 24.0
DEEP CREEK LAKE 20.0
4 SE CHAMPOIN 13.0
GRANTSVILLE 12.0
FROSTBURG 6.0

...NORTH CAROLINA...
COVE CREEK 10NW 24.0
FAUST 24.0
NEWFOUND GAP 22.0
ELK PARK 14.0
BULADEAN 12.0
BAKERSVILLE 5N 11.0
BEECH MOUNTAIN 1 SE 10.0
FLAT SPRINGS 9.8
ASHLAND 9.0
LANSING 8.0
FLAT SPRINGS 1E 7.0

...OHIO...
BELLEFONTAINE 4.5
BELLEFONTAINE 2N 3.0
WASHINGTON COURT HOUSE 3.0
MANSFIELD 2.5

...PENNSYLVANIA...
CHAMPION 4SE 13.0
LAUREL SUMMIT 10.0
MOUNT DAVIS 9.0
FARMINGTON 8.8
LAUREL SUMMIT 9.6

...TENNESSEE...
GATLINBURG 7SE 22.0
ROAN MOUNTAIN
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Quoting Autistic2:


Are you saying climate change = imbalance in the heat flows to and from Space?

I think of climate change as a change in the way heat is distributed in the ocean-atmosphere system. That system will change so as to maintain an approximate equilibrium for the energy coming in and going out. Dr. Masters has made posts about this topic in the past. Because an equilibrium is maintained, one of the effects of increased CO2 is cooling in the stratosphere. Dr. M's post was a few years ago so I don't have a link at hand.
Member Since: May 18, 2006 Posts: 10 Comments: 6061
1938 - Long Island Express

... author William Manchester wrote in The Glory and the Dream: A Narrative History of America, 1932-1972.

Manchester said a man living on Long Island received a barometer in the mail that he’d ordered a few days earlier. When he opened the package, the instrument’s needle pointed to a reading of “Hurricanes and Tornadoes.” Thinking that the barometer was broken, the annoyed man left his home to go to the post office to mail it back.

“While he was gone, his house blew away,” Manchester wrote. “It happened that quickly.”

The hurricane, which came to be called the Long Island Express because of its uncanny speed, inflicted more devastation on New England. More than 700 people were killed, and the storm blew down enough trees to build 200,000 homes, Manchester wrote.
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Quoting centex:
Don't say that and we will not ping you.


what did you think I said?? ...you thought I meant that it was a waste of money having the HH do all that work?
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Quoting czechoslovakia:
Hey everybody I was read the blogs yesterday and decided to join, wow sandy was an awesome storm and i hope we as a nation can bounce back quickly and my condolences to the families who lost love ones... the only good thing for me is no school


Retro name!
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Quoting czechoslovakia:
Hey everybody I was read the blogs yesterday and decided to join, wow sandy was an awesome storm and i hope we as a nation can bounce back quickly and my condolences to the families who lost love ones... the only good thing for me is no school


Welcome to the blog, and nice first post.
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Quoting pcola57:


Looking good trHUrrIXC5MMX..I like the format and color scheme.. :)


cool.
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Quoting trHUrrIXC5MMX:


that's the best way to invest..for humanity and safety



you misunderstood me...
Don't say that and we will not ping you.
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Quoting trHUrrIXC5MMX:
WINTER WEATHER UPDATE

Hi guys...here is my brand new graphic for this winter season...starting with Superstorm Sandy



click on the pic for a 4x bigger size risk free
hope you like it...it took me 2-3 hours to put in the information


Looking good trHUrrIXC5MMX..I like the format and color scheme.. :)
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Quoting geepy86:

every dollar well spent


that's the best way to invest..for humanity and safety

Quoting centex:
fraction of what it would have been. I have a mission to stop this sort of post.


you misunderstood me...
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Quoting geepy86:
idiot
Yes and group thought that needs to change.
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Quoting sfranz:


I do think a lot of people were looking for hurricane warnings to go up and may not have read to the end of a high wind warning when that wasn't what they were trained to expect.







I did notice one spot of confusion even on Wunderground. The maps showed a purple local hurricane statement from NYC north but if I came into a local page directly the local hurricane statement was not there at all.

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Quoting Neapolitan:
Interesting you would mention nuclear blasts. Did you know the oceans are currently heating up at the rate of more than two Hiroshima "Little Boy" atomic bomb detonations per second, every second? And that they've been doing so for more than the last 50 years? (Source)


Are you saying climate change = imbalance in the heat flows to and from Space?
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Quoting trHUrrIXC5MMX:


how many millions of dollars spent to save lives...

every dollar well spent
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Hey everyone. First of all, I'm a long time reader, first time poster. I've been reading Dr. Masters' blog for years now and I've always thought the comments section was both helpful and intelligent when it comes to weather systems. I've learned so much from reading over the years.

Now, I go to college here in New York City. Last night was one of the most surreal experiences of my life. I've lived in Connecticut my entire life and I'm crushed by some of the images along the CT shoreline. The same goes for the unreal images of the destruction in New Jersey and New York City.
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Quoting trHUrrIXC5MMX:


how many millions of dollars spent to save lives...
fraction of what it would have been. I have a mission to stop this sort of post.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
WINTER WEATHER UPDATE

Hi guys...here is my brand new graphic for this winter season...starting with Superstorm Sandy



click on the pic for a 4x bigger size risk free
hope you like it...it took me 2-3 hours to put in the information
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting jeffs713:

Tropical cyclone warnings trigger the higher deductibles (tropical storm or better). These were covered under a high wind advisory, which may or may not trigger the higher deductible. IMO, it was the right call by the NHC, as Sandy was post-tropical upon landfall.

When the insurance industry starts controlling when watches and warnings are posted... we are going to have incredible issues.


I grant that integrity and honesty have to be maintained in forecasting. I am just wondering how hurricane like threats such as storm surge can be more effectively communicated. There are some people who will never listen but a lot of decision makers seemed confused on this round.

I do think a lot of people were looking for hurricane warnings to go up and may not have read to the end of a high wind warning when that wasn't what they were trained to expect.





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Quoting SandyCheeks13:
Hey, I've been analyzed this blog 24/7 and decided to join now (well yesterday..). I've been hearing that the storm might return to NYC, wondering if you guys think it might?
Also how badly is New Hampshire gonna be affected as of now? I got some friends up there...and they are getting hit really hard and I was hoping of some good news. Thanks.




me too
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Quoting TropicalAnalystwx13:
All recon flights into the Superstorm otherwise known as Sandy.



how many millions of dollars spent to save lives...
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Jeff co-founded the Weather Underground in 1995 while working on his Ph.D. He flew with the NOAA Hurricane Hunters from 1986-1990.