Leslie headed towards Bermuda; Tropical Storm Michael forms

By: Dr. Jeff Masters , 3:01 PM GMT on September 04, 2012

Share this Blog
41
+

Tropical Storm Leslie continues to suffer from moderately high wind shear of 15 - 20 knots, due to strong upper-level winds out of the northwest. The shear is keeping heavy thunderstorms confined to the southeast quadrant of the storm. Satellite loops show that Leslie has almost no heavy thunderstorm activity near its center, and the storm is crawling north at walking pace, 3 mph. Leslie's slow forward speed means that the storm is staying over the cold water stirred up by the storm's winds, inhibiting intensification. According to the latest SHIPS model forecast, the shear is expected to stay moderately high through Tuesday night, then drop to the low category, 5 - 10 knots, by Thursday afternoon. At that time, Leslie will be over warm ocean waters of 29 - 30°C, and the reduction in shear and warm waters should aid intensification. However, Leslie's motion will continue to be slow, keeping the storm over its cool water wake, and keeping any intensification slow. Once Leslie begins moving more quickly on Saturday, this effect will diminish, and Leslie could be at Category 2 strength on Sunday morning, as indicated in the official NHC forecast. Steering currents for Leslie are expected to be weak through Friday, as Leslie is stuck between two upper level lows. The latest guidance from our top computer models continues to show Leslie making a very close pass by Bermuda on Saturday. Leslie is a huge storm, and tropical storm-force winds are expected to extend outward from its center 250 miles by Friday. Bermuda is likely to see a 48-hour period of tropical storm-force winds beginning Friday night that lasts until Sunday night. The official NHC forecast shows Leslie nearly making a direct hit on Bermuda, but the uncertainty in 4-day NHC forecasts is around 200 miles. Thus, the latest 11 am EDT NHC wind probability forecast calls for just a 12% chance of hurricane force winds on Bermuda on Saturday. Nevertheless, Leslie is capable of bringing an extended period of hurricane-force winds lasting six or more hours to Bermuda Saturday night through Sunday morning, should a direct hit materialize.


Figure 1. Morning satellite image of Tropical Storm Leslie. The low-level circulation center has very little in the way of heavy thunderstorms surrounding it, thanks to strong northwest winds creating 15 - 20 knots of wind shear.

Leslie will stay stuck in a weak steering current environment until a strong trough of low pressure approaches the U.S. East Coast on Saturday. This trough should be strong enough to pull Leslie quickly to the north on Saturday and Sunday, and Leslie may be close enough to the coast that the storm will make landfall in Nova Scotia or Newfoundland, Canada on Monday, September 10. None of the reliable models have shown that a direct hit on New England will occur, but we can't rule that possibility out yet. The storm may also miss land entirely, and brush by the coasts of Nova Scotia and Newfoundland. Large swells from Leslie reached Cape Hatteras, North Carolina last night, and will begin pounding the entire Eastern Seaboard today through Sunday. These waves will be capable of causing significant beach erosion and dangerous rip currents. The Hurricane Hunters are scheduled to make their first flight into Leslie on Wednesday afternoon.


Figure 2. Morning satellite image of Tropical Storm Michael.

Tropical Storm Michael forms in the Central Atlantic
Tropical Storm Michael has formed in the Central Atlantic on Monday, but is not destined for fame. Satellite loops show that this is a very small tropical cyclone, and the storm is well away from any land areas. Michael is under moderately high shear of 15 - 20 knots, and this shear is forecast to remain at 15 - 20 knots through Wednesday. Since Michael is such a small storm, just a modest increase in shear could destroy it. But if Michael survives until Thursday, when shear is expected to fall to the low range, it has the opportunity to strengthen.

Michaels's formation on September 4 puts 2012 in third place for earliest formation date of the season's thirteenth storm. The record is held jointly by 2005, which had Hurricane Maria form on September 2, and 2011, which had Tropical Storm Lee form on September 2 (there was an unnamed tropical storm that year before Lee.) None of the models show that Michael will threaten any land areas. Michael is a classic example of the type of storm that likely would have been missed before the advent of satellites, since the storm is small, far from land, and may be short-lived.

Jeff Masters

Reader Comments

Comments will take a few seconds to appear.

Post Your Comments

Please sign in to post comments.

or Join

Not only will you be able to leave comments on this blog, but you'll also have the ability to upload and share your photos in our Wunder Photos section.

Display: 0, 50, 100, 200 Sort: Newest First - Order Posted

Viewing: 537 - 487

Page: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21 | 22 | 23 | 24 | 25 | 26Blog Index

Quoting SFLWeatherman:
Not going to be Good!!!!


Desperate times for S FL svr weather fans.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting flcanes:

would that draw michael to leslie or vice versa


Vice versa, considering she's like 4 billion times larger than he is.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting GTcooliebai:
144 hrs.


headed for sea?
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
144 hrs.

Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting GTcooliebai:
132 hrs. a fujiwhara interaction?


would that draw michael to leslie or vice versa
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting weathermancer:


Simply amazing!

it will be named nadine though
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
132 hrs. a fujiwhara interaction?

Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting MississippiWx:
Here comes Isaac again.



Simply amazing!
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Not going to be Good!!!!
Member Since: May 23, 2012 Posts: 0 Comments: 4511
Quoting hunkerdown:

Neither, its the NAM and I would not follow for tropical forecasting such as this.

Also, as Chucktown stated, there are certain things models can not factor in which is why models should not be used as gospel. They are guidance for humans to use in their review for forecasting (the human element must be part of the equation for final forecasting).

thx, wat does gfs say
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting flcanes:

is dat good or bad

Neither, its the NAM and I would not follow for tropical forecasting such as this.

Also, as Chucktown stated, there are certain things models can not factor in which is why models should not be used as gospel. They are guidance for humans to use in their review for forecasting (the human element must be part of the equation for final forecasting).
Member Since: August 15, 2008 Posts: 0 Comments: 2515
I know, our european system isn't anything like a CatX, but it's aftermath nevertheless is severe:

"Storms on Mediterranean island of Malta kill 1 man, drop month's worth of rain in 2 hours
By The Associated Press September 3, 2012

VALLETTA, Malta - Unusually fierce storms swept through Malta on Monday, killing one man and dropping more rain on the Mediterranean island in two hours than its normal monthly average for September.

The first storm triggered floods that swept away a man who had abandoned his car. Police said the man managed to make it to higher ground.

Another man working in a field was fatally struck by lightning, however, as a second storm battered Malta in the afternoon.

The storms caused substantial damage across the small Mediterranean archipelago, which includes the main island and sister islands of Gozo and Comino, with cars overturned, trees uprooted, houses flooded and walls collapsed.

Malta's meteorological office said 42.4 millimeters (1.67 inches) of rain fell, eclipsing the 40-millimeter average for the month of September."

Source

Picture is here

Edit and good night:

Source and more pics.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Here comes Isaac again.

Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting unknowncomic:
18z NAM look like Leslie to East of Bermuda.


is dat good or bad
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting MAweatherboy1:
72 hours... very little movement in the next 3 days, looks like it will just sit there and deepen:



GFS and most of the models don't do well with upwelling. If Leslie is moving slower than 10 kts, it will not be 938 mb by Friday afternoon.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting Tropicsweatherpr:


From this one no.
Maybe Naked Swirl + Ex Isaac = ????
Member Since: August 2, 2011 Posts: 0 Comments: 1912
Quoting MAweatherboy1:
We're all but assured to beat 2007's record this year, and probably by a pretty good margin:


yep
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
18z NAM look like Leslie to East of Bermuda.

Member Since: August 2, 2011 Posts: 0 Comments: 1912
72 hours... very little movement in the next 3 days, looks like it will just sit there and deepen:

Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting Articuno:

What's that spin in the central-south GOM?

mini t-wave?
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
We're all but assured to beat 2007's record this year, and probably by a pretty good margin:

Member Since: Posts: Comments:
54 hours:

Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting NoloContendere:
Now this is comedic gold. "Scientific" and "IPCC" in the same paragraph. Bwahaahaahaa!



What the heck is this?



This?



Or maybe this?




No, no I got it, maybe they faked the satellite photos...



Maybe this one's a fake?




Come on guy, you have to come up with something better than fake data.

Want to know why?

Google Earth has maps that are far better than needed to detect any faking of data, so good in fact that some NOAA products now run on Google mapping software...

How stupid do you think people are, really?
Member Since: January 25, 2012 Posts: 33 Comments: 1520
Quoting jascott1967:


Upper low.

What I thought it was.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Now this is comedic gold. "Scientific" and "IPCC" in the same paragraph. Bwahaahaahaa!

Quoting guygee:
Sure. Start with the IPCC website. Download the reports, they are full of references to the scientific literature. Then read those papers, and read the references in those papers, then repeat until you are satisfied that you are really getting the full picture.

Just bothering to read the IPCC reports alone should give you a clear picture.

P.S. The "storms forming further north" is my own opinion based on observation. I have posted about it in this blog many times in the past. No, it does not coincide with anything in the IPCC reports to my knowledge.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting Bluestorm5:
Andrew was a small storm with stronger winds, Katrina was a big storm with stronger surge and slightly weaker winds. Andrew could've been as bad as Katrina if it was little bigger and 5-10 mph stronger.


Let's put it this way.

If you have two disks with Radii of A = 1 and B = 2.

Disk A has a mass of 1.

Disk B has a mass of 4.


In order for the first disk to have the same kinetic energy as the second, it would need to have double the angular velocity.


Now since A represents Andrew and B represents Katrina, let's see wind speed at land fall:

Andrew 165mph
Katrina 125mph

You can see that if you square both wind speeds, and divide Andrew's result by Katrina's result, you get:

A/ B = 1.74

But for size/mass you get:

A/B = 0.25

0.25 * 1.74 = 0.44


So Andrew in this over-simplified example is 0.44 of the kinetic energy of Katrina, or if you take the reciprocal, Katrina is 2.27 times the Kinetic Energy.


Again, over-simplified calculation, but it easily illustrates the point.


Further, Katrina's Max over-water winds were the same as Andrew's max over-water winds, making Katrina's max real intensity obscenely higher than Andrew's max real intensity.
Member Since: January 25, 2012 Posts: 33 Comments: 1520
Quoting LargoFl:
if i lived on long island ny, i'd be watching this leslie a lil more closely when she finally gets moving..you know how these storms wobble


It is a week away and already teh Canadian Hurricane Center is discussing possible affects here in Nova Scotia. I must admit that the track looks eerily close to when Juan smashed us as a Cat 2 in 2003 (at least from Bermuda on).
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting CCkid00:

there is nothing showing any development of that, right?


From this one no.
Member Since: April 29, 2009 Posts: 75 Comments: 14243
18z GFS is running. 36 hours:


Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting Tropicsweatherpr:
Closeup of the GOM naked swirl.


there is nothing showing any development of that, right?
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Anyone want to think that either this is another blowup that will be sheared off or this is finally a sign of intensification.
Member Since: July 8, 2005 Posts: 259 Comments: 24016
Quoting ncstorm:


Leslie..


Starting to look quite good now.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Closeup of the GOM naked swirl.

Member Since: April 29, 2009 Posts: 75 Comments: 14243
BULLETIN - EAS ACTIVATION REQUESTED
SEVERE THUNDERSTORM WARNING
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE AMARILLO TX
422 PM CDT TUE SEP 4 2012

THE NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE IN AMARILLO HAS ISSUED A

* SEVERE THUNDERSTORM WARNING FOR...
SOUTHEASTERN BEAVER COUNTY IN THE PANHANDLE OF OKLAHOMA

* UNTIL 515 PM CDT

* AT 420 PM CDT...NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE METEOROLOGISTS HAVE
DETECTED A SEVERE THUNDERSTORM CAPABLE OF PRODUCING DAMAGING WINDS
IN EXCESS OF 60 MPH. THIS STORM WAS LOCATED NEAR ELMWOOD...OR
ABOUT 16 MILES SOUTH OF BEAVER...MOVING EAST AT 10 MPH.

* LOCATIONS IMPACTED INCLUDE...
ELMWOOD...
SLAPOUT...

PRECAUTIONARY/PREPAREDNESS ACTIONS...

TO REPORT SEVERE WEATHER...PLEASE CALL THE NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE
AT 8 0 6 3 3 5 1 1 2 1.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Member Since: Posts: Comments:


Leslie..
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting TropicalAnalystwx13:
Tropical Storm Marco's tropical storm force winds extended out 30 miles from the center of the storm.

Tropical Storm Michael's tropical storm force winds extend out 35 miles from the center of the storm.

Ooh..


But at one point, Marco's winds extended out only 10 miles from the center.. so I think Michael still has some SERIOUS work to do :D
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
if i lived on long island ny, i'd be watching this leslie a lil more closely when she finally gets moving..you know how these storms wobble
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting RTSplayer:


The surge was measured above sea level...

The surge at Waveland and Biloxi broke Camille's records by several feet, and may have been higher than official numbers, but NHC threw out one of the buoy readings near Waveland.


Costliest U.S. Atlantic hurricanes
Cost refers to total estimated property damage
Rank Hurricane Season Damages
1 Katrina 2005 $108 billion
2 Ike 2008 $29.5 billion
3 Andrew 1992 $26.5 billion
4 Wilma 2005 $20.6 billion


Even if you inflation adjust Andrew's damage, Katrina still beats it by a factor of about 2.5...after hitting LESS populated areas...
Not that it matters in the long run, but remember when making any Katrina/Andrew comparisons that Andrew's billions were almost all direct storm damage from wind and surge, whereas a very large percentage of Katrina's billions was caused by the catastrophic failure of that inadequate levee system. Had the levees not failed, dollar damages from Katrina would still have been higher than Andrew's due to the length and width of the storm's path--but it would have been many tens of billions of dollars lower.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
WEDNESDAY THROUGH THURSDAY...
ENERGY FROM THE UPPER TROUGH OVER THE NORTHERN GULF COAST REGION
WILL DRIFT SLOWLY SOUTHWARD INTO THE CENTRAL GULF OF MEXICO THROUGH
THE PERIOD. MEANWHILE THE TUTT LOW LIFTS NORTHWARD OFF THE COAST OF
THE SOUTHEAST UNITED STATES. MODEL SOLUTIONS SHOW PRESSURES LOWERING
OVER THE NORTHERN GULF...WITH A FEW SOLUTIONS EVEN SHOWING A CLOSED
LOW DEVELOPING OVER THE NORTH-CENTRAL GULF OF MEXICO BY WEDNESDAY
NIGHT OR THURSDAY. THAT SAID...STILL A LOT OF UNCERTAINTY WITH
RESPECT TO THE PROGRESSIVENESS AND STRENGTH OF ANY AREA OF LOW
PRESSURE THAT DOES MANAGE TO DEVELOP...BUT WILL DEFINITELY NEED TO
BE WATCHED FOR TROPICAL DEVELOPMENT LATE IN THE WEEK INTO THE
UPCOMING WEEKEND.
Member Since: July 18, 2005 Posts: 9 Comments: 4146
Quoting ClwHobbyist:
Here's what the NWS has to say about the blob in the Gulf from the Clearwater forecast information. It seems it is too far out for the models to get any consensus but maybe it will rain before I need to water my yard.

AREA FORECAST DISCUSSION
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE TAMPA BAY RUSKIN FL
202 PM EDT TUE SEP 4 2012

...
LONG TERM (THURSDAY NIGHT THROUGH TUESDAY)...
A TROUGH AXIS WITH ORIGINS BACK TO THE REMNANTS OF ISAAC PHASED W/ NRN STREAM STREAM ENERGY WILL DIG INTO THE NE GULF THROUGH THE END OF THE WEEK. MODELS ARE NOT IN GOOD AGREEMENT ON WHAT HAPPENS BEYOND THAT. THE ECMWF HAS CONSISTENTLY SPUN UP A SFC LOW PRESSURE SYSTEM JUST NE OF THE REGION WHILE THE GFS SHEARS THE ENERGY APART AND KEEPS MORE OF A DISORGANIZED TROUGH. THE NAM 12 SEEMS ON BOARD
WITH THE ECMWF AS IT ALSO SHOWS A CLOSED LOW BY FRI...BUT MOVES THE LOW ACROSS THE NORTHERN GULF MORE QUICKLY THAN THE GFS AND ECMWF SOLUTIONS WOULD SUGGEST. EITHER WAY...MOISTURE POOLED ALONG
AND SOUTH OF THIS SYSTEM WILL MOVE IN OFF THE NE GULF LEADING TO INCREASE IN TROPICAL SHRA AND TSTMS FOR THE WEEKEND...BUT WHICH SOLN PANS OUT WILL OBVIOUSLY HAVE MAJOR IMPLICATIONS ON EXACTLY HOW MUCH IMPACT THIS SYSTEM WILL HAVE. GIVEN THE UNCERTAINTY...WILL HOLD CLOSER TO A GFS SOLN WITH POPS INCREASING INTO THE SCT RANGE FOR THE WEEKEND. A MUCH STRONGER AND MORE AMPLIFIED MID LEVEL TROUGH WILL DEVELOP OVER THE WEEKEND ACROSS THE ERN HALF OF THE COUNTRY. THE 00Z GFS HAS TRENDED MORE TOWARDS A LARGE CLOSED LOW SIMILAR TO THE ECMWF AND THIS WOULD ACTUALLY BRING THE FIRST COLD FRONT OF THE SEASON THROUGH THE AREA BEFORE STALLING. PREVIOUS RUNS STALLED THE BOUNDARY A BIT FURTHER NORTH BUT STILL BROUGHT THE BOUNDARY INTO THE CEN FL...AND CLIMATOLOGICALLY THIS IS PROBABLY A BETTER SOLN FOR DAY 7-8 OF THE FORECAST. SO WILL KEEP SCT/CHC POPS GOING INTO MON FOR NOW...AT LEAST ACROSS SRN HALF OF THE CWA. INCREASE IN PRECIP AND ONSHORE
WINDS WILL HELP KEEP HIGHS DOWN SOME OVER THE WEEKEND AND WILL ALSO PROVIDE AN INCREASED RISK OF RIP CURRENTS TO THE AREA.
thanks for this, they should know more by thursday
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting TropicalAnalystwx13:

What does a phoenix have to do with anything?

The meaning of Phoenix is rebirth, renaissance, rising from the dead. Which is what Isaac's trying to do... good luck with that. Unless he has the patience to spin for a week in the NGOM because ain't nothing getting to TX.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
18Z GFS is coming out now!!!
Member Since: May 23, 2012 Posts: 0 Comments: 4511
Quoting OrchidGrower:



Yeah, Cape Coral here so only about 6 miles from Gulf as the crow flies, if that much. Been seein' beautiful t-storms last couple afternoons far to the south, maybe down around Marco, and sometimes in the interior, but nothin' over me. Grass started drying up again yesterday.... :-(
Same here I live along the coast and haven't had any measurable rain since Isaac past towards the South of us and the grass has been acting weird, one day I go out and it is dry and the next it is green, maybe it is just my grass because my neighbors one always seems green. I do have a large oak tree shading it, so that could be the problem.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting Articuno:

What's that spin in the central-south GOM?


Upper low.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Here's what the NWS has to say about the blob in the Gulf from the Clearwater forecast information. It seems it is too far out for the models to get any consensus but maybe it will rain before I need to water my yard.

AREA FORECAST DISCUSSION
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE TAMPA BAY RUSKIN FL
202 PM EDT TUE SEP 4 2012

...
LONG TERM (THURSDAY NIGHT THROUGH TUESDAY)...
A TROUGH AXIS WITH ORIGINS BACK TO THE REMNANTS OF ISAAC PHASED W/ NRN STREAM STREAM ENERGY WILL DIG INTO THE NE GULF THROUGH THE END OF THE WEEK. MODELS ARE NOT IN GOOD AGREEMENT ON WHAT HAPPENS BEYOND THAT. THE ECMWF HAS CONSISTENTLY SPUN UP A SFC LOW PRESSURE SYSTEM JUST NE OF THE REGION WHILE THE GFS SHEARS THE ENERGY APART AND KEEPS MORE OF A DISORGANIZED TROUGH. THE NAM 12 SEEMS ON BOARD
WITH THE ECMWF AS IT ALSO SHOWS A CLOSED LOW BY FRI...BUT MOVES THE LOW ACROSS THE NORTHERN GULF MORE QUICKLY THAN THE GFS AND ECMWF SOLUTIONS WOULD SUGGEST. EITHER WAY...MOISTURE POOLED ALONG
AND SOUTH OF THIS SYSTEM WILL MOVE IN OFF THE NE GULF LEADING TO INCREASE IN TROPICAL SHRA AND TSTMS FOR THE WEEKEND...BUT WHICH SOLN PANS OUT WILL OBVIOUSLY HAVE MAJOR IMPLICATIONS ON EXACTLY HOW MUCH IMPACT THIS SYSTEM WILL HAVE. GIVEN THE UNCERTAINTY...WILL HOLD CLOSER TO A GFS SOLN WITH POPS INCREASING INTO THE SCT RANGE FOR THE WEEKEND. A MUCH STRONGER AND MORE AMPLIFIED MID LEVEL TROUGH WILL DEVELOP OVER THE WEEKEND ACROSS THE ERN HALF OF THE COUNTRY. THE 00Z GFS HAS TRENDED MORE TOWARDS A LARGE CLOSED LOW SIMILAR TO THE ECMWF AND THIS WOULD ACTUALLY BRING THE FIRST COLD FRONT OF THE SEASON THROUGH THE AREA BEFORE STALLING. PREVIOUS RUNS STALLED THE BOUNDARY A BIT FURTHER NORTH BUT STILL BROUGHT THE BOUNDARY INTO THE CEN FL...AND CLIMATOLOGICALLY THIS IS PROBABLY A BETTER SOLN FOR DAY 7-8 OF THE FORECAST. SO WILL KEEP SCT/CHC POPS GOING INTO MON FOR NOW...AT LEAST ACROSS SRN HALF OF THE CWA. INCREASE IN PRECIP AND ONSHORE
WINDS WILL HELP KEEP HIGHS DOWN SOME OVER THE WEEKEND AND WILL ALSO PROVIDE AN INCREASED RISK OF RIP CURRENTS TO THE AREA.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting washingtonian115:
Did someone have the nerve to bring up Isabel?.


Isabel's landfall IKE rating is around 220TJ, which is about 5.5 times larger than Andrew in Florida, according to the chart in the paper.
Member Since: January 25, 2012 Posts: 33 Comments: 1520
Quoting barbamz:


Lol. I know a bunch of Michaels (probably like everyone). Takes time to think of all of them whenever the storm is mentioned here.


BTW, Mike/Frankfurt has (german) news on our system in the Mediterranean:

Link

And there is even a trajectory:

Source

And here is the discussion on Estofex
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Big rain coming!!!
Member Since: May 23, 2012 Posts: 0 Comments: 4511
Quoting GTcooliebai:
Oh look at Tues. cool front clearing the area? Maybe look for some upper 60s away from the coast and in our northern counties.
geez we could use a GOOD cold front huh..whew its hot out there today
Member Since: Posts: Comments:

Viewing: 537 - 487

Page: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21 | 22 | 23 | 24 | 25 | 26Blog Index

Top of Page

About

Jeff co-founded the Weather Underground in 1995 while working on his Ph.D. He flew with the NOAA Hurricane Hunters from 1986-1990.

Local Weather

Mostly Cloudy
62 °F
Mostly Cloudy