94L still disorganized; Hurricane Gordon bearing down on the Azores

By: Dr. Jeff Masters , 2:44 PM GMT on August 19, 2012

Share this Blog
48
+

A tropical wave (Invest 94L) located midway between the Lesser Antilles Islands and the coast of Africa is headed west at 20 - 25 mph. This storm is a threat to develop into a tropical storm that will affect the Lesser Antilles Islands as early as Wednesday. The storm is under light wind shear of 5 - 10 knots, and is over waters of 27°C. A large area of dry air lies just to the north of 94L, as seen on the latest Saharan Air Layer (SAL) analysis and water vapor satellite loops. This dry air is interfering with development, and this morning's visible satellite loop shows that 94L's heavy thunderstorm activity is a bit sparse. The storm does have an impressive amount of spin at middle levels of the atmosphere, though. A pass from the Indian OceanSAT-2 satellite Saturday night at 10:06 pm EDT noted a broad, elongated center of nearly calm winds several hundred miles in diameter at the surface, and nothing resembling a well-organized closed surface circulation. 94L will pass near buoy 41041 on Monday morning. The first hurricane hunter mission into 94L is scheduled for Tuesday afternoon.


Figure 1. Morning satellite image of Invest 94L.

Forecast for 94L
The latest 8 am EDT run of the SHIPS model predicts that wind shear will be low, 5 - 10 knots, and ocean temperatures will be near 27°C through Monday, then warm to 28°C by Tuesday night. As is typical with storms making the crossing from Africa to the Antilles, dry air to the north will likely interfere with development, and the SHIPS model predicts increased dry air as 94L approaches the Lesser Antilles on Wednesday. However, with shear expected to be low, dry air may be less of an issue for 94L than it was for Ernesto or TD 7. Our two best performing models--the GFS and ECMWF--have both been taking 94L through the Lesser Antilles with every run for the past 36 hours. Both models continue to agree on the timing, with 94L arriving Wednesday night or Thursday morning. The BAMM model, which performed as well as the ECMWF and GFS at 5-day forecasts in 2011, is showing a track just north of the Lesser Antilles. Given this agreement among our top three models for long-range forecasts, I give a 60% chance that 94L will pass through the Lesser Antilles. In their 8 am EDT Tropical Weather Outlook, NHC gave 94L a 60% chance of developing into a tropical depression by Tuesday morning. The GFS model has backed off on its forecast that 94L will develop into a hurricane before reaching the islands, and is now predicting 94L will be a tropical storm with 40 - 50 mph winds at that time. The ECMWF model does not develop 94L. It is unlikely that 94L will be able to organize quickly enough to become anything stronger than a Category 1 hurricane before reaching the islands, given the storm's current struggles with dry air, and the lack of model support for intensification. With 94L staying relatively weak and disorganized, the chances of it turning to the northwest and missing the Lesser Antilles, as the NOGAPS model has been predicting, are diminishing. The GFS model predicts that 94L will go on to hit the Dominican Republic as a strong tropical storm on Friday, though the storm could also miss the island, passing just to the north or the south. At longer ranges, the storm is capable of going anywhere from Canada to Mexico's Yucatan Peninsula; it's too early to tell.


Figure 2. The 00Z (8 pm EDT) run of the GFS model from August 18, 2012, was done 20 different times at low resolution using slightly different initial conditions to generate an ensemble of forecasts (pink lines.) The high-resolution operational GFS forecast is shown in white. The GFS ensemble forecast is showing decreasing risk to the U.S. East Coast at long ranges, and an increasing risk to the Gulf Coast.

Gordon bears down on the Azores
Hurricane warnings are flying for the central and eastern Azores Islands as Hurricane Gordon barrels eastwards at 21 mph. Gordon's peak 110 mph winds it had last night made it the strongest hurricane of the 2012 Atlantic hurricane season so far. Latest visible satellite loops show that cold water and high wind shear are taking a toll on Gordon, with the southern portion of the storm deteriorating and the eye beginning to open up. However, Gordon will still be a Category 1 hurricane or strong tropical storm when it passes through the Azores Monday morning. Winds at Ponta Delgada were 11 mph out of the east at 10 am EDT this morning, but will rise through the day as Gordon approaches.

Gordon is not a threat to any other land areas, and the extratropical remnants of Gordon will not bring any strong winds or significant rain to Europe. The last time the Azores were affected by a tropical storm was in 2009, when Tropical Storm Grace brought 65 mph winds on October 4. No significant damage was reported. Ironically, the last hurricane to affect the Azores was the 2006 version of Hurricane Gordon, which caused minor damage in the Azores, consisting of mostly fallen trees and power outages. However, after Gordon became an extratropical low, four injuries due to falling debris from high wind were reported in Spain, and Gordon brought high winds and rain that affected practice rounds at the Ryder Cup golf tournament in Ireland.


Figure 3. MODIS satellite image of Hurricane Gordon taken on Saturday August 18, 2012, at 11:50 am EDT. At the time, Gordon was a Category 1 hurricane with 80 mph winds. Image credit: Navy Research Lab, Monterey.

Jeff Masters

Reader Comments

Comments will take a few seconds to appear.

Post Your Comments

Please sign in to post comments.

or Join

Not only will you be able to leave comments on this blog, but you'll also have the ability to upload and share your photos in our Wunder Photos section.

Display: 0, 50, 100, 200 Sort: Newest First - Order Posted

Viewing: 2413 - 2363

Page: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21 | 22 | 23 | 24 | 25 | 26 | 27 | 28 | 29 | 30 | 31 | 32 | 33 | 34 | 35 | 36 | 37 | 38 | 39 | 40 | 41 | 42 | 43 | 44 | 45 | 46 | 47 | 48 | 49 | 50 | 51 | 52 | 53 | 54 | 55 | 56 | 57 | 58 | 59 | 60 | 61 | 62 | 63 | 64 | 65 | 66 | 67 | 68 | 69Blog Index

Hardly no "spidey fingers" near Fla.

Member Since: Posts: Comments:
2411. angiest
Quoting Stormchaser121:
Im still thinking we have another Ike on our hands


Nah, wanna know when the next Ike is?

On or about September 18th. I am scheduled to have surgery, so that would be about right.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
2410. angiest
Quoting clwstmchasr:


That's the west GOM which to me would seem plausible along with it riding up the east coast of the U.S. I'm talking about it coming up from the south and riding up the East GOM into the west coast of Florida (Charlie). To me, with a system already at this latitude would not be a likely scenario.


I was assuming you meant too far north to go that far west, and so even further west would be even less likely.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting Stormchaser121:
Im still thinking we have another Ike on our hands


Gustav
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
2408. scott39
3 days out with models are quite accurate. Past that is always up for question.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
If I were in Taiwan, Tembin would have me tremblin' haha

Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Im still thinking we have another Ike on our hands
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
2405. Dakster
Gro - You are scaring us with those model runs...

Hopefully they shift. Anyways, good night and see you all tomorrow.

Remember, in this world there are 10 kinds of people. Those that understand binary and those that don't.
Member Since: March 10, 2006 Posts: 0 Comments: 10572
2403. hahaguy
Quoting Hurricanes101:


yea noticed that but, Frances went well north of the islands and started moving NW at around 45W, whereas this system will be moving just about due west for a while - they should end up in about the same spot in a day or two

Ah I see.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting biloxibob:
As to where it will go.at this time,too many variables,chaos theory.


Not really.

The track is pretty simple until the 5th day or so...
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting hahaguy:

Frances formed at 11.1 north.


yea noticed that but, Frances went well north of the islands and started moving NW at around 45W, whereas this system will be moving just about due west for a while - they should end up in about the same spot in a day or two
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
2400. Dakster
Quoting bamagirl1964:
Dear Dakster, Patrap, Stormwatcher and again, Baha - I have been reading this blog for years, but I never post a comment. As I was reading further, I noticed that several other people responded to my post. I truly want to thank you all for the great input! I have been worrying myself sick about this because I am so looking forward to this cruise! I admire your wealth of knowledge and I wanted to take the time to thank you all again for your kindness. Maybe now I can get excited again for my cruise! Have a great night!


You are welcome and enjoy your cruise!!!
Member Since: March 10, 2006 Posts: 0 Comments: 10572
2399. angiest
Quoting Hurricanes101:


you could post others too, Andrew, Frances almost made it there

Galveston 1900 I think was this far north too


1900 was a wee bit further south.



Andrew looks to have been much further south.

Member Since: Posts: Comments:
I just looked at the water vapor in time lapse and it looks like the leading low pres. may be starting to go back wnw. I wonder if 94 will follow in its' track.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
2397. SLU
Quoting SLU:
Not sure if my eyes are going bad but it does seem that 94L has more than 1 center of rotation. I can pick up a larger gyre centered near 13.5n 40w in addition to the NHC estimate of 15.1 40.6 which also has a tiny swirl.


Impossible to tell without visible imagery or a solid microwave pass.



The low level cloud lines just south of 14n along 40w are actually moving from east to west which suggest a center to the south. They do not actually support the 15n location.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting Grothar:


Theorectically, Yes. Similar to mental aerobics. You think about exercising, but don't really do it.


Ha ha ha ha,god I get some good belly laughs on this blog. My cardio doc says use the blog to fight depression.........aye aye doc.
Member Since: September 18, 2010 Posts: 0 Comments: 5237
Quoting AegirsGal:
Uh, yeah, have you ever heard of String Theory?


MOND (Modified Newtonian Dynamics).

TOE (Theory of Everything)

GUT (Grand Unified Theory

Twistor Theory

Non-Euclidean Geometry theories...

Yeah sorry, who was it wondering about theoretical physics?

Technically, all physics is theory.


You have a model which approximates reality, but since you can't know reality with 100% uncertainty, the model is never perfect, it only gets better and better (hopefully) as you make new discoveries.


For example:

"What goes up must come down," might have appeared to be a simple and 'true' statement describing Gravity, and it appeared to hold true for thousands of years.

But then along came Newton and discovered mathetmatical formulas closely describing gravity, and then some time later rockets were invented, and escape velocity formula was calculated, since it's just a transform of Newton's original equation, and we sent Voyagers and Pioneers and New Horizons into space above escape velocity, never to "come down" again.

Thus the old theory, "What goes up must come down," is invalidated.

In reality, Relativity and QM invalidates Newton's theory, but that's not really important for most day to day uses.

Something will probably disprove some aspects of Relativity and QM eventually too.


Yes, all physics is theoretical.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
2394. hahaguy
.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
2393. Dakster
Quoting Altestic2012:
CLP5 still out to sea (northern outlier).


FYI, That is climatology... Not a model.

(Not trying to be sarcastic, but informative)
Member Since: March 10, 2006 Posts: 0 Comments: 10572
2392. hahaguy
.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting Grothar:


el lo tiene, sun.


Gracias, yo no lo tenia y por su pregunta lo busque en el internet...

Gracias por postearlo....
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
2390. SLU
Not sure if my eyes are going bad but it does seem that 94L has more than 1 center of rotation. I can pick up a larger gyre centered near 13.5n 40w in addition to the NHC estimate of 15.1 40.6 which also has a tiny swirl.


Impossible to tell without visible imagery or a solid microwave pass.

Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting angiest:


Yeah, it never happens.



you could post others too, Andrew, Frances almost made it there

Galveston 1900 I think was this far north too
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
As to where it will go.at this time,too many variables,chaos theory.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
2387. angiest
Quoting clwstmchasr:


Drake, I have a hard time believing the East GOM with 94L already at 14-15N and still so far East. Am I off base here?


Yeah, it never happens.

Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Here's the key to 94L, if by the 22nd or 23rd the invest has made the 22nd latitude before 75 long., the developing Bermuda weakness due to the subT jet's forecast will pick it up and move it up and away from the east coast, ala Gordon.

This is what the GFS ensemble is seeing....ok...a simplified interpretation, I'm a KISS forecaster.

If not, hold the reins loose and let the horse run!
Westward Ho!
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
2384. Grothar
Quoting sunlinepr:


Link


el lo tiene, sun.
Member Since: July 17, 2009 Posts: 71 Comments: 26878
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
2382. Grothar
I know I posted this before, but once again before I retire. Should be interesting tomorrow to see how much this has changed.



Member Since: July 17, 2009 Posts: 71 Comments: 26878
YA lol
Quoting unknowncomic:
In other words we have no idea where it ends up yet.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
HPC day 7
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting Drakoen:
Bulk of the ensembles now in the eastern GOM with the GEFS mean centered over Florida. Should be interesting to watch over the coming days.

Where do you think this is going, Drak?
Member Since: July 6, 2010 Posts: 113 Comments: 32528
Quoting HurricaneHunterJoe:


Could I have the link Gro?


Link
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting SFLWeatherman:
In other words we have no idea where it ends up yet.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
2375. Grothar
Quoting Drakoen:
Bulk of the ensembles now in the eastern GOM with the GEFS mean centered over Florida. Should be interesting to watch over the coming days.


The Drak is Back!
Member Since: July 17, 2009 Posts: 71 Comments: 26878
2374. Grothar
Quoting AegirsGal:
Uh, yeah, have you ever heard of String Theory?


Aren't the two of those theories intertwined?
Member Since: July 17, 2009 Posts: 71 Comments: 26878
Mcluvin back in the house... just got through watching Hunger Games for the 1st time, pretty good flick.
Models seem pretty locked on the 5 day through the Caribbean, people in the conus better wish for some land interaction or this could get real nasty
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
18z ensembles. half show a gulf hurricane only farther west than the operational run. landfall anywhere from eastern lousiana to the panhandle. the rest show a split between an east coast landfall and a scrape of the coast so 50% gulf bound 25% east coast landfall north carolina/florida east side and 25% rapidly develop and curve it just east of north carolina
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
2370. Grothar
Quoting CaicosRetiredSailor:


AtLast


HA.
Member Since: July 17, 2009 Posts: 71 Comments: 26878
Dear Dakster, Patrap, Stormwatcher and again, Baha - I have been reading this blog for years, but I never post a comment. As I was reading further, I noticed that several other people responded to my post. I truly want to thank you all for the great input! I have been worrying myself sick about this because I am so looking forward to this cruise! I admire your wealth of knowledge and I wanted to take the time to thank you all again for your kindness. Maybe now I can get excited again for my cruise! Have a great night!
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
2368. trey33
Quoting gator23:

am i the only person that seems concerned about the RNC?


No you are not the only one.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
2367. Drakoen
Bulk of the ensembles now in the eastern GOM with the GEFS mean centered over Florida. Should be interesting to watch over the coming days.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting HurricaneHunterJoe:
Is there such a thing as theoretical physics?...lol
Uh, yeah, have you ever heard of String Theory?
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
2365. Grothar
Quoting GeoffreyWPB:


And now way I am going to read Atlas Shrugged. I can barely get by two paragrahps on here.


What a Fountainhead you are! LOL I had to read the darn thing in German, don't complain.
Member Since: July 17, 2009 Posts: 71 Comments: 26878
2364. Grothar
Member Since: July 17, 2009 Posts: 71 Comments: 26878
Quoting Dakster:



You mean this one?

http://www.sfwmd.gov/portal/page/portal/xweb%20we ather/hurricane%20model%20plots

Link


That be it,thanks alot!
Member Since: September 18, 2010 Posts: 0 Comments: 5237

Viewing: 2413 - 2363

Page: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21 | 22 | 23 | 24 | 25 | 26 | 27 | 28 | 29 | 30 | 31 | 32 | 33 | 34 | 35 | 36 | 37 | 38 | 39 | 40 | 41 | 42 | 43 | 44 | 45 | 46 | 47 | 48 | 49 | 50 | 51 | 52 | 53 | 54 | 55 | 56 | 57 | 58 | 59 | 60 | 61 | 62 | 63 | 64 | 65 | 66 | 67 | 68 | 69Blog Index

Top of Page

About

Jeff co-founded the Weather Underground in 1995 while working on his Ph.D. He flew with the NOAA Hurricane Hunters from 1986-1990.

Local Weather

Overcast
49 °F
Overcast