Hottest rain on record? Rain falls at 115°F in Needles, California

By: Dr. Jeff Masters , 3:19 PM GMT on August 15, 2012

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A searing heat wave rare even for the Desert Southwest sent temperatures soaring to record levels on Monday, with Needles, California tying its record high for the date of 118°F (47.8°C). The temperature might have gone higher in Needles, but a thunderstorm rolled in at 3:20 pm, and by 3:56 pm PDT, rain began falling at a temperature of 115°F (46.1°C). Most of the rain evaporated, since the humidity was only 11%, and only a trace of precipitation was recorded in the rain gauge. Nevertheless, Monday's rain at 115° in Needles sets a new world record for the hottest rain in world history. I don't think many people were outside to experience to experience the feeling of rain falling at 115°, but if they were, it must have been an uncomfortable, sauna-like experience! Thanks go to Dr. Warren Blier of the NWS Monterey office for pointing out this remarkable event to me.

It is exceedingly rare to get rain when the temperature rises above 100°F, since those kind of temperatures usually require a high pressure system with sinking air that discourages rainfall. Monday's rain in Needles was due to a flow of moisture coming from the south caused by the Southwest U.S. monsoon, a seasonal influx of moisture caused by the difference in temperature between the hot desert and the cooler ocean areas surrounding Mexico to the south. According to weather records researcher Maximiliano Herrera, the previous record for hottest rain, which I blogged about in June, was a rain shower at 109°F (43°C) observed in Mecca, Saudi Arabia on June 5, 2012 and in Marrakech, Morocco on July 10, 2010. The 11% humidity that accompanied Monday's rain shower at 115° in Needles was the lowest humidity rain has ever occurred at anywhere on Earth in recorded history, according to Mr. Herrera.


Figure 1. True-color MODIS satellite image of California and Arizona taken at 1:25 pm PDT August 13, 2012. Developing thunderstorms surround Needles, CA, and the line of clouds to the southwest of the city would develop into a thunderstorm that brought rain to the city at 4 pm PDT, at a temperature of 115°F. Image credit: NASA.

A "very rare" heat wave for Phoenix
The heat wave that brought Needles' record hot rain has broken an exceptional number of heat records in Phoenix, Arizona the past two weeks. According to the Phoenix NWS office, the "almost unbearable heat" of the first two weeks of August is a "very rare" event, and August 1 - 14, 2012 was the warmest such 2-week period in city history. The average temperature on August 6 - 13 was 100°F or higher each of the eight days, tying the record for most consecutive days with an average temperature of 100°. The temperature peaked at 116° on August 8, just 6° below Phoenix's all-time record of 122° set on June 26, 1990. The forecast for Phoenix call for a bit of relief--highs are expected to be a relatively modest 105° today, and down near 100° by Friday.


Figure 2. Morning satellite image of 93L over the Central Atlantic.

93L close to tropical depression status
A large tropical wave (Invest 93L) is located in the Central Atlantic about 700 miles east of Bermuda. Satellite loops this morning show a surface circulation has formed, and heavy thunderstorm activity has increased to the point where 93L should be considered a tropical depression, if the heavy thunderstorms can persist through this afternoon. Wind shear is light, and ocean temperatures are warm, near 28°C. The latest Saharan Air Layer Analysis from the University of Wisconsin shows that 93L has moistened its environment considerably, and dry air should no longer be a significant impediment to development. The 8 am EDT run of the SHIPS model predicts that wind shear will remain in the low range through the weekend, and I expect this system will become Tropical Storm Gordon by Friday. The storm will not affect Bermuda, but residents of the Azores Islands should keep an eye on 93L, which could pass through the islands as early as Sunday night. In their 8 am Tropical Weather Outlook, NHC gave 93L an 80% chance of becoming a tropical depression by Friday morning.

Elsewhere in the tropics
In the Gulf of Mexico, a fall-like cold front is expected to stall out early next week, and the GFS model is predicting something could start to spin up near the Texas/Mexico border on Monday. Wind shear is predicted to be low to moderate, and cold fronts stalled out over the Gulf of Mexico often serve as the seed for tropical storms.

Most of the models predict development of a new tropical wave off the coast of Africa 6 - 7 days from now.

Jeff Masters

Haboob #7 (nukegm)
Another dust storm rolling into town.
Haboob #7
Strike over the Lake. (weathercts99)
A stunning bolt of lightning over a lake in Chandler.
Strike over the Lake.

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Hurricanes are a part of life if you live on or near the coast from Texas to Canada. Hurricanes are part of nature and help clean up the enviorment and we as people who live in the hurricane prone areas need to deal with this fact of life. I've been trough many magor hurricanes including Donna, Betsy and Andrew, it is quite exciting while there happening but the aftermath,destruction and clean up are hard on everyone affected. But iI would rather live in an area affected by Hurricanes than Tornadoes,Fires,Eartquakes or Ice Storms just to name a few of natures other killers.
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1275. llpj04
Quoting biff4ugo:
How is the heat and drought affecting rivers?
At New Orleans, the Mississippi is only a about a ft below average level for August and a ft above its record low. (a picture in the gallery made it seem very bad)I'm surprised it is that good.

http://www2.mvr.usace.army.mil/WaterControl/Distr icts/MVN/car.gif

http://blog.gulflive.com/mississippi-press-news/2 012/08/salt_water_encroaching_low_mis.html
also this:
http://www.nola.com/business/index.ssf/2012/08/mi ssissippi_river_closed_to_sh.html

Also if coal, grain etc can't travel the river they will put it on trucks.... costing Everyone more money!!
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Quoting washingtonian115:
Good morning I may get banned but I'm sick of this crap.That's it I'm tired of people targeting me only when I say I want to experience a major cane.Other people have admitted it on this site.So why not give them the hammer as well as me.Hence the I not anyone else.And I rather be on a uncharted island doing it.Yes i live in D.C.But I've been without power for weeks with extreme heat/cold outside,I've been with out running water before.You don't think I don't know what it feels like?.Isabel knocked out power to my area for 2 weeks.But i was still fascinated by the storm.I remember fighting people over bread and canned foods.Now wonder why people left this site.You all get off your high hoarse.I wouldn't put my family through a major or anyone else.Just myself.There.



Go hang out with Cyclone Oz, he'll take ya to a storm!
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Quoting seer2012:
It is amazing how you manage to interpret my motivations for making a simple post of what this tw may end up doing.It seems to me that you, the fingerpointer/accusser, are the one who is mentally sick.Having gone through several hurricanes myself the last thing I want to experience is the inconvenience/expenses that it causes.


After experiencing Andrew at its worst (I used to live in Cutler Ridge) I know what a storm can do, and the lives it can kill & destroy. I lost my house and neighbors lost they lives.

Its the cheerleading on this blog that is totally sick.
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Quoting AussieStorm:

If I bought you a ticket there, would you go?
I would. I think it'd be an interesting place to visit... BTW, last hurricane to hit there as a 'cane before Gordon was in 1972, I think. So two hurricane Gordons in 6 years would be a fascinating fact...

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I really can't watch FOX Business news... when it doesn't matter if the market is up or down [it's down] only when the market isn't going the way they want it to go... why can't you just say how many points it was up or down, and let me decide whether I think it was a modest gain or something to whoop 'n holler about?

Reminds me of the pple in here who come in, look at a storm like Gordon, and say, "Oh, it's not going to hit the US so don't even look at it." A little less obvious bias is much appreciated.

Sheesh.
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Quoting mitthbevnuruodo:


Oh it surely means you're anti-democrat and want a major to hit DC and wipe out the Dems!
Joking of course!

I think you're a bit mad for it! But haven't thought you were wishing mass destruction or the like myself. I wouldn't mind feeling a high tropical storm...like a real one, not a chilly extra-tropical one LOL I guess it's close enough what we get here sometimes, even the Arctic/North Sea storms that come down can have hurricane force winds. I can't even imagine beach waters being in the 80's though! Never been anywhere tropical. Wales' beach waters aren't much colder than Calif LOL Wales' beaches have lovely clear water as opposed to the rather normally murky Calif waters, so some beaches have a tropical look if not warmth LOL

Oh, and good morning Gordon! And before you're all the way gone...adios Hernesto :( LOL

...Then I'm mad for it too?
Member Since: September 7, 2006 Posts: 89 Comments: 2649
Is there a spot on the coast of Africa below which the pressure waves won't develop and above which they tend to or is it too variable with the ITCZ movement?
Is it Guinea's coast?
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1268. Skyepony (Mod)
[This event happened on 14th Aug.] At least 20 people were injured and more than 100 cars damaged in a sudden mid-summer hailstorm in a Russian Siberian town on Tuesday (August 14). The weather suddenly changed in the evening with wind bringing a torrential downpour of huge hailstones, some larger than chicken eggs. Witnesses said some hailstones reached seven centimeters in diameter. Town residents had literally to save themselves and run to nearby buildings to find cover. Big hailstones pierced holes in car windows, sometimes smashing the glass altogether. Meteorologists said they believed the sudden summer storm was caused by a sharp temperature drop from 32 degrees Celsius at lunchtime to just 16 degrees Celsius by the evening. The town is located in the Kemerovo region in Central Siberia some 3,800 km east of Moscow.

AtHomeInTX~ Sounds like a Haircon 3 should be declared in your area:)

washingtonian115~ I don't remember anyone getting banned for wanting a storm...After that drought last year most of TX would be banned if that was the case.
Member Since: August 10, 2005 Posts: 156 Comments: 36087
Quoting washingtonian115:
Good morning I may get banned but I'm sick of this crap.That's it I'm tired of people targeting me only when I say I want to experience a major cane.Other people have admitted it on this site.So why not give them the hammer as well as me.Hence the I not anyone else.And I rather be on a uncharted island doing it.Yes i live in D.C.But I've been without power for weeks with extreme heat/cold outside,I've been with out running water before.You don't think I don't know what it feels like?.Isabel knocked out power to my area for 2 weeks.But i was still fascinated by the storm.I remember fighting people over bread and canned foods.Now wonder why people left this site.You all get off your high hoarse.I wouldn't put my family through a major or anyone else.Just myself.There.


Oh it surely means you're anti-democrat and want a major to hit DC and wipe out the Dems!
Joking of course!

I think you're a bit mad for it! But haven't thought you were wishing mass destruction or the like myself. I wouldn't mind feeling a high tropical storm...like a real one, not a chilly extra-tropical one LOL I guess it's close enough what we get here sometimes, even the Arctic/North Sea storms that come down can have hurricane force winds. I can't even imagine beach waters being in the 80's though! Never been anywhere tropical. Wales' beach waters aren't much colder than Calif LOL Wales' beaches have lovely clear water as opposed to the rather normally murky Calif waters, so some beaches have a tropical look if not warmth LOL

Oh, and good morning Gordon! And before you're all the way gone...adios Hernesto :( LOL
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Quoting pmzqqzmp:


And that just has you salivating at the death & destruction it will cause.

Really sick people.
It is amazing how you manage to interpret my motivations for making a simple post of what this tw may end up doing.It seems to me that you, the fingerpointer/accusser, are the one who is mentally sick.Having gone through several hurricanes myself the last thing I want to experience is the inconvenience/expenses that it causes.
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1265. WunderAlertBot (Admin)
JeffMasters has created a new entry.
Big rain coming for S FL!! on the CMC

Member Since: May 23, 2012 Posts: 0 Comments: 4207
The Weather Channel %u200F@weatherchannel
Bookmark alert! Lunchtime live chat at 12 E/T with new #hurricane specialist Greg Postel.
Link
Member Since: September 30, 2007 Posts: 9 Comments: 15749
Quoting CybrTeddy:


According to the NHC, that's what is going to happen.

Oh... I meant unlikely 'today'. I forgot to add that.
Member Since: September 7, 2006 Posts: 89 Comments: 2649
Quoting washingtonian115:
Good morning I may get banned but I'm sick of this crap.That's it I'm tired of people targeting me only when I say I want to experience a major cane.Other people have admitted it on this site.So why not give them the hammer as well as me.Hence the I not anyone else.And I rather be on a uncharted island doing it.Yes i live in D.C.But I've been without power for weeks with extreme heat/cold outside,I've been with out running water before.You don't think I don't know what it feels like?.Isabel knocked out power to my area for 2 weeks.But i was still fascinated by the storm.I remember fighting people over bread and canned foods.Now wonder why people left this site.You all get off your high hoarse.I wouldn't put my family through a major or anyone else.Just myself.There.

Hmm.. I understand. While I'm not in the same situation as you (I've never been through even a Category 1 hurricane), I want to experience a MH also. Just me.
It's okay to express your opinions. Be confident.
Member Since: September 7, 2006 Posts: 89 Comments: 2649
Member Since: May 23, 2012 Posts: 0 Comments: 4207
Quoting Bobbyweather:


Hmm... 40 kt as expected.
Although Gordon becoming a hurricane is not out of the question, unless RI occurs, it's unlikely.


According to the NHC, that's what is going to happen.
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as someone has shown Gordon now has a eye wall.It's looking more and more likely that he will become a hurricane.I predict something to Chris.Hopefully not anything stronger.
Member Since: August 14, 2010 Posts: 10 Comments: 15710
Not bad.
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Next Wednesday Thursday big rain for S FL why??
Member Since: May 23, 2012 Posts: 0 Comments: 4207
Quoting BahaHurican:
We were at 81... :o/


Having one of these mornings here... ;)




Fair

77°F
25°C
Humidity100%
Wind SpeedCalm
Barometer30.01 in
Dewpoint77°F (25°C)
Visibility10.00 mi
Heat Index78°F (26°C
Member Since: August 24, 2010 Posts: 0 Comments: 459
Quoting Bobbyweather:


Hmm... 40 kt as expected.
Although Gordon becoming a hurricane is not out of the question, unless RI occurs, it's unlikely.

There's a good possibility it becomes a hurricane regardless if it RI's, it may become a category 2.
Member Since: July 6, 2010 Posts: 108 Comments: 30257
Quoting islander101010:
azores.hawaii.of.the.atlantic...theyll.be.fine
Gordon 2006 didn't make a direct hit. It was worse in the extratropical phase over Spain, apparently. From Wikipedia:

Late on September 18, while Gordon was beginning to accelerate to the northeast, a tropical storm watch was issued for all of the Azores. The hurricane was expected to weaken to tropical storm-force before affecting the islands. When it became apparent that Gordon would continue intensifying, a hurricane warning replaced the watch about 27 hours before the strongest winds affected the region.[1] The advance of the storm forced the closure of all schools in the region. Concurrently, officials increased the number of emergency workers on stand-by. The two westernmost islands – Corvo and Flores – were placed under a red alert, the highest on a four-level scale, which indicated the greatest threat for severe weather. The remainder of the archipelago was placed on low alert.[13] Ultimately, the Azores escaped significant damage as the hurricane passed farther south than expected. Overall impact was limited to toppled trees and power lines, leaving portions of Santa Maria Island without electrical service.[14] Santa Maria recorded sustained winds of 56 mph (90 km/h), with gusts to 82 mph (132 km/h).[1]
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Good morning I may get banned but I'm sick of this crap.That's it I'm tired of people targeting me only when I say I want to experience a major cane.Other people have admitted it on this site.So why not give them the hammer as well as me.Hence the I not anyone else.And I rather be on a uncharted island doing it.Yes i live in D.C.But I've been without power for weeks with extreme heat/cold outside,I've been with out running water before.You don't think I don't know what it feels like?.Isabel knocked out power to my area for 2 weeks.But i was still fascinated by the storm.I remember fighting people over bread and canned foods.Now wonder why people left this site.You all get off your high hoarse.I wouldn't put my family through a major or anyone else.Just myself.There.
Member Since: August 14, 2010 Posts: 10 Comments: 15710
Quoting seer2012:
A possible southern track storm brewing here.Don't think shear/dry air is going to break this one up!


And that just has you salivating at the death & destruction it will cause.

Really sick people.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:


Tranquil... across the pond
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Quoting Tropicsweatherpr:
12z Best Track up to 40kts.

AL, 08, 2012081612, , BEST, 0, 329N, 544W, 40, 1008, TS
Quoting SouthDadeFish:
Microwave imagery shows a partial eyewall has formed:







Gordon will most likely be a hurricane later today.


Hmm... 40 kt as expected.
Although Gordon becoming a hurricane is not out of the question, unless RI occurs, it's unlikely.
Member Since: September 7, 2006 Posts: 89 Comments: 2649
Pumice from Undersea Eruption Spreads across South Pacific
Member Since: September 30, 2007 Posts: 9 Comments: 15749
Quoting seer2012:
A possible southern track storm brewing here.Don't think shear/dry air is going to break this one up!

The pattern favors a recurvature.
Member Since: July 6, 2010 Posts: 108 Comments: 30257
How is the heat and drought affecting rivers?
At New Orleans, the Mississippi is only a about a ft below average level for August and a ft above its record low. (a picture in the gallery made it seem very bad)I'm surprised it is that good.

http://www2.mvr.usace.army.mil/WaterControl/Distr icts/MVN/car.gif
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Quoting islander101010:
azores.hawaii.of.the.atlantic...theyll.be.fine

If I bought you a ticket there, would you go?
Member Since: September 30, 2007 Posts: 9 Comments: 15749
Microwave imagery shows a partial eyewall has formed:







Gordon will most likely be a hurricane later today.
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Quoting SubtropicalHi:


At the very least our temp forecasts look cooler. Night temps look like they will be going down a few degrees. (I think our low this am was 79)

It was unusually breezy yesterday, however it was humid breeze from the SE.
We were at 81... :o/
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azores.hawaii.of.the.atlantic...theyll.be.fine
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Quoting StormTracker2K:


I wish as the heat across the Gulf and FL is unrelenting whether it's overcast or not. People really don't understand how bad it is unless they are here so to answer the question no. The only way to cool the gulf down is to get a strong cold front plowing thru or a tropical system plowing thru.

You'd prolly feel a little cooler as it was passing through, but as soon as it was gone, it'd be temperatures as normal....

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Quoting SubtropicalHi:


At the very least our temp forecasts look cooler. Night temps look like they will be going down a few degrees. (I think our low this am was 79)

It was unusually breezy yesterday, however it was humid breeze from the SE.


Correction: Low this am was 76, suburbs in the lower 70's. Dewpoint 72
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1239. VR46L
Quoting BahaHurican:
Ah... hence the extratropicals... lol

That is so cool...


LOL....
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I am sorry for your loss. Condolences to the families.
Member Since: September 30, 2007 Posts: 9 Comments: 15749
Interesting Discussion Link
Member Since: August 24, 2010 Posts: 0 Comments: 459
12z Best Track up to 40kts.

AL, 08, 2012081612, , BEST, 0, 329N, 544W, 40, 1008, TS
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting BahaHurican:
HOpe you guys do get some rain next week.... models seem to be suggesting at least some part of W TX may get something...


At the very least our temp forecasts look cooler. Night temps look like they will be going down a few degrees. (I think our low this am was 79)

It was unusually breezy yesterday, however it was humid breeze from the SE.
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Quoting StormTracker2K:


I wish as the heat across the Gulf and FL is unrelenting whether it's overcast or not. People really don't understand how bad it is unless they are here so to answer the question no. The only way to coold the gulf down is to get a strong cold front plowing thru are a tropical system plowing thru.


I was wishing. I hope it's a cold front and not a tropical system. GOM = Rocket fuel
Member Since: September 30, 2007 Posts: 9 Comments: 15749
BRB... gotta go get coffee going... after a couple of weeks off, this getting up before 9 a.m. is not as easy as it used to be... lol

BTW, we have sunny and hot already... lol... not surprisingly...

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Quoting BahaHurican:
Morning everybody....

I see we have Gordon.

I also note that the Twave we were looking at yesterday is finally off the coast.

This one looks a bit lower, which unfortunately IMO puts it in better strike position...



A possible southern track storm brewing here.Don't think shear/dry air is going to break this one up!
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Quoting AussieStorm:

Is it possible that moisture could help slightly lower the SST's in the GOM. less intense heat from the sun.


I wish as the heat across the Gulf and FL is unrelenting whether it's overcast or not. People really don't understand how bad it is unless they are here so to answer the question no. The only way to coold the gulf down is to get a strong cold front plowing thru are a tropical system plowing thru.

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Quoting VR46L:


Na Republic of Ireland
Ah... hence the extratropicals... lol

That is so cool...
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Quoting StormTracker2K:



Moisture doesn't seem to be a problem for the Gulf this year unlike years past due to La-Nina. Have a feeling something big is going to tear across the Gulf over the next couple of months as SST's are now in the low 90's across the C Gulf.


Is it possible that moisture could help slightly lower the SST's in the GOM. less intense heat from the sun.
Member Since: September 30, 2007 Posts: 9 Comments: 15749
1228. TXCWC
I see 06Z GFS has come back North a bit with the tropical moisture into TX (still not showing as strong a system as had been a day or 2 ago though) - coming back more in line with last night's Euro, CMC, FIM, and HPC official thinking right now - got to love it when models begin to come into more agreement.

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1227. VR46L
Quoting BahaHurican:
You live in the Azores, VR4?



Na Republic of Ireland
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Quoting AtHomeInTX:
Brownsville

LONG TERM /FRIDAY NIGHT THROUGH WEDNESDAY/...WEATHER SCENARIO FOR
THE LONG TERM PORTION OF THE FORECAST BECOMING A LITTLE MORE CLEAR
NOW. GFS...EUROPEAN...AND CANADIAN MODEL GUIDANCE ALL SUGGEST THAT
A TROPICAL DISTURBANCE WILL DEVELOP ALONG THE EAST COAST OF MEXICO
EARLY TO MIDDLE OF NEXT WEEK...AND POSSIBLY AFFECT THE LOWER TEXAS
COAST.
WITH DEEP TROPICAL MOISTURE INCREASING WITHIN DEEP SOUTH
TEXAS AND THE RIO GRANDE VALLEY IN ADVANCE AND IN ASSOCIATION WITH
THE POTENTIAL DISTURBANCE...AND MID-LEVEL HIGH PRESSURE REMAINING
CENTERED OVER THE DESERT SOUTHWEST...ISOLATED TO SCATTERED SHOWERS
AND THUNDERSTORMS ARE ANTICIPATED FOR MUCH OF THE PERIOD WITHIN
THE BRO CWFA. TEMPERATURES WILL BE KNOCKED DOWN TO MORE NEAR
NORMAL LEVELS DUE TO THE INCREASED CLOUD COVER AND OPPORTUNITIES
FOR PRECIPITATION.

FRIDAY NIGHT THROUGH WEDNESDAY...A GRADUAL INCREASE IN WINDS AND
SEAS IS EXPECTED ALONG THE LOWER TEXAS COAST THROUGH THE PERIOD AS
A WEAK TROPICAL DISTURBANCE POSSIBLY DEVELOPS ALONG THE EAST COAST
OF MEXICO. SMALL CRAFT ADVISORY CONDITIONS ARE POSSIBLE MONDAY
THROUGH WEDNESDAY.



Moisture doesn't seem to be a problem for the Gulf this year unlike years past due to La-Nina. Have a feeling something big is going to tear across the Gulf over the next couple of months as SST's are now in the low 90's across the C Gulf.

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About JeffMasters

Jeff co-founded the Weather Underground in 1995 while working on his Ph.D. He flew with the NOAA Hurricane Hunters from 1986-1990.