Ernesto disorganized; more fires, extreme heat for Oklahoma

By: Dr. Jeff Masters , 4:25 PM GMT on August 05, 2012

Share this Blog
45
+

A disorganized Tropical Storm Ernesto continues to speed westward at 23 mph across the Caribbean. Ernesto has brought sporadic heavy rains to Jamaica today, and Kingston has picked up 0.51" of rain as of noon, and recorded top sustained winds of 22 mph. Ernesto looks very unhealthy on visible satellite loops, with its low-level circulation center a naked swirl exposed to view with almost no heavy thunderstorm activity near the center. However, the storm does have some rather far-flung spiral bands, and these bands are bringing occasional heavy downpours to Haiti, western Cuba, Jamaica, and the southwest Dominican Republic. This morning's flight by the Hurricane Hunters found that Ernesto had a very high central pressure of 1006 mb and top winds near 50 mph. The latest wind shear analysis from the SHIPS model shows moderate shear of 10 - 15 knots affecting the storm, but there must be some wind shear the satellites are not able to detect affecting Ernesto, given its disorganized appearance. Water vapor satellite loops show a large area of dry air to the west, and this dry air is also interfering with Ernesto's organization.


Figure 1. Visible satellite image with 375 meter resolution taken of Ernesto by the new Suomi NPP satellite at 1:39 pm EDT August 4, 2012. At the time, Ernesto had a flare-up of intense thunderstorms, and had top winds of 60 mph. Image credit: University of Wisconsin Madison CIMSS.

Forecast for Ernesto
Ernesto's rapid forward speed of 23 mph has been part of the reason for its lack of intensification, but the storm is expected to slow down Monday and Tuesday in response to a trough of low pressure passing to the north. This slowing, in combination with low wind shear, a moister environment, and increasing heat energy in the ocean, may allow Ernesto to strengthen some before making landfall in Belize or Mexico's Yucatan Peninsula on Tuesday night. However, the storm will be passing very close to the north coast of Honduras, putting a portion of its circulation over land and limiting intensification potential. It is unlikely Ernesto will become a hurricane in the Caribbean; NHC is giving just a 19% chance that this will occur. The main threat from Ernesto will be heavy rains over Honduras, Belize, Mexico, and Jamaica. The track forecast for Ernesto has become a bit easier, since the storm's current disorganization and more southerly path make will make it more difficult for the storm to make a northwesterly turn into the Gulf of Mexico like the UKMET and GFDL models are predicting. A stronger Ernesto would have been more likely to turn northwest under the influence of a trough of low pressure passing to the north. If Ernesto survives its crossing of the Yucatan Peninsula, the potential exists for it to re-strengthen over the Bay of Campeche, and make a second landfall on Mexico's coast on Friday, between Tampico and Veracruz. It's pretty unlikely that Ernesto will hit the U.S.-- though Brownsville, Texas could see some rain from Ernesto's outer spiral bands on Friday, if the storm survives that long.


Figure 2. Morning satellite image of Ernesto, showing the exposed low-level center--a swirl due south of Jamaica--and only very limited heavy thunderstorm activity surrounding the center.

Tropical Storm Florence
Tropical Storm Florence continues to plow westward at 14 mph over the Eastern Atlantic, and is not a threat to any land areas for next five days. The SHIPS model is predicting a moderate 5 - 15 knots of wind shear for Florence Sunday and Monday, but the shear will increase to the high range as Florence encounters an upper-level trough of low pressure on Tuesday. The latest Saharan Air Layer Analysis shows that a large area of dry air lies to the north and west of Florence, and this dry air will likely cause problems for the storm. Ocean temperature are near 26 - 26.5°C, which is right at the threshold for where a tropical storm can typically exist. It is possible that Florence could pose a threat to Bermuda next weekend, if the storm survives that long. Both the GFS and ECMWF models dissipate Florence before then.

Historic heat wave in Oklahoma
A second day of destructive fires affected Oklahoma on Saturday, thanks to extreme heat and drought, low humidities, and strong winds in advance of an approaching cold front. At 3 pm CDT Saturday, Oklahoma City had a temperature of 107°, a humidity of 19%, and winds of 16 mph gusting to 22 mph. The Oklahoma fires have destroyed at least 125 homes. The high temperature in Oklahoma City on Saturday reached 109°, the 12th warmest temperature recorded in the city since records began in 1891. Friday's high of 113° tied for the warmest temperature in city history.


Figure 3. Highway 48 is covered in smoke as flames continue, Saturday, Aug 4, 2012, east of Drumright, OK. Image credit: Associated Press.

The only comparable Oklahoma heat wave: August 1936
The only heat wave in Oklahoma history that compares to the August 2012 heat wave occurred during the great Dust Bowl summer of 1936, the hottest summer in U.S. history. Oklahoma City experienced three days at 110° that summer, and a record streak of 22 straight days with a temperature of 100° or hotter. Those numbers are comparable to 2012's: three days at 110° or hotter, and a string of 18 consecutive days (so far) with temperatures of 100° or hotter. The weak cold front that passed though Oklahoma Saturday will bring temperatures about 10° cooler over the next few days, but high temperatures are still expected to approach 100° in Oklahoma City Sunday through Tuesday. It's worth noting that Oklahoma City has experienced only 11 days since 1890 with a high of 110° or greater. Three of those days were in 2011, three in 2012, and three in the great Dust Bowl summer of 1936.

Wunderground's weather historian Christopher C. Burt has a new post on July's heat extremes in the U.S.


Figure 4. Most of Oklahoma has experienced nine consecutive days with highs of 100° or more, and many regions, including Oklahoma City, have had a streak of eighteen such days. Image credit: Oklahoma Mesonet.

Severe thunderstorm complex forces evacuation of Lollapalooza
A organized complex of severe thunderstorms developed over Eastern Iowa and Northern Illinois late Saturday afternoon, forming a dangerous bow echo that swept through Chicago, forcing the evacuation of the Lollapalooza music festival. NOAA's Storm Prediction Center (SPC) logged over 150 reports of wind damage from the storm, with five of the thunderstorms containing winds in excess of hurricane force (74 mph.) And just yesterday, my daughter was bemoaning her misfortune at not being able to get tickets to the show! The thunderstorm complex traveled about 300 miles from Eastern Iowa to Ohio, generating winds gust in excess of 58 mph along most of its path, meeting the definition of a derecho.


Figure 5. Radar image of the severe thunderstorm complex that spawned a dangerous bow echo over Chicago, which forced the evacuation of the Lollapalooza music festival.

Jeff Masters

IN THE EYE OF THE STORM (nanamac)
Storm clouds overwhelming Chicago
IN THE EYE OF THE STORM
IN THE EYE OF THE STORM (nanamac)
Sheets of rain & darkness!
IN THE EYE OF THE STORM
()
Storm damage (Bubbly)
Straight line winds during a severe thunderstorm left crumpled metal and splintered wood behind in Frytown, Iowa
Storm damage

Reader Comments

Comments will take a few seconds to appear.

Post Your Comments

Please sign in to post comments.

or Join

Not only will you be able to leave comments on this blog, but you'll also have the ability to upload and share your photos in our Wunder Photos section.

Display: 0, 50, 100, 200 Sort: Newest First - Order Posted

Viewing: 1983 - 1933

Page: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21 | 22 | 23 | 24 | 25 | 26 | 27 | 28 | 29 | 30 | 31 | 32 | 33 | 34 | 35 | 36 | 37 | 38 | 39 | 40 | 41 | 42 | 43 | 44 | 45 | 46 | 47 | 48 | 49 | 50Blog Index

Spaghetti loop
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting MississippiWx:


It's still tilted, but not nearly as bad as before.

yep and it can get more aligned with the sufficient slowing in speed!
Member Since: June 4, 2012 Posts: 0 Comments: 767
Quoting CybrTeddy:


I'm not so sure, it appears the CoC is on the edge of the convection. Tilted and disorganized.


Under the W-ern portion of the deep convective blob I think. Still a good 10-15 kts of WNW-erly shear since its not quite under the upper level anticyclone over Cen.Am and the low level flow is still decent. But getting better for sure. Don't think it has enough time over water to intensify too much but we've seen alot crazier things happen...
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
1980. Grothar
Quoting AtHomeInTX:


Actually Levi answered a few posts back. :)

Quoting Levi32:


GFS hints at it too. Both models show a large mid-level cyclonic gyre remaining over central America after Ernesto moves inland to the west, and both models show this gyre regenerating an area of low pressure over the Gulf of Mexico in 6-9 days.


Part of my globe series I post every day.

Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting hulazigzag:
What's 1% of nothing? I think it's awesome the lander made it. There would be plenty of more of this if we got our budget together. Right now our debt exceeds our GDP that's a frightening thing. We could all find a million things the gov could cut back this is just one. IMO
my 1 comment on this: govt could cut debt to nothing in few years if millionares paid their fair share of taxes. IMO current generation of US affluent benefit from gov't programs like NASA but are unwilling to 'pay it forward' so America the great can stay great.

But that's just me looking in from the outside.

YMMV
Member Since: October 25, 2005 Posts: 19 Comments: 21646
#1967. Beautiful post Patrap.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting emguy:
Good evening folks. I wanted to ta a moment to aplogize to everyone on here, in particular, Levi and TomTaylor.

I made comments last night that were incorect and immapropriate, and they were unfair to those individuals. I'm very very sorry if I offended any body on this site, including them. They are good guys. My comments are my fault and I accept that. With that, my sincere apologies. I was wrong. I'm sorry.
No problem, it was late, everyone was acting up, people just needed to get some sleep. Didn't know you had been forecasting for 25+ years, you should post more...
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting Grothar:
Defintely looking better




Looks rather linear on the west side...
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
NHC wUOLD no exist in mars a lot of SAL in this planet XP
Member Since: June 20, 2012 Posts: 0 Comments: 2150
Quoting CybrTeddy:


I'm not so sure, it appears the CoC is on the edge of the convection. Tilted and disorganized.


It's still tilted, but not nearly as bad as before.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
1973. jpsb
Quoting hulazigzag:
Just making a point about budgeting. It is a great accomplishment. How great is that accomplishment if this country goes bankrupt? The spending on this is wasteful just like thousands of other programs in our government.
Well NASA actually does stuff, how about we cut programs that do not return a dime's worth of product first.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
1972. Grothar
Quoting CybrTeddy:


New technologies developed by Curiosity such as advanced guidance, telemetry data, ect for a Mars landing to scoop out life and fossils = new satellite services such as an advanced version of QuikSCAT, ASCAT, GOES programs, ect.

They're linked.

Anyways, I guess we've dived off topic for enough tonight. Taz would kill us if he saw this. Back to Ernesto.


LOL
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Member Since: August 2, 2010 Posts: 21 Comments: 9737
Quoting stormchaser19:


I think is the wave that is getting out of africa


Actually Levi answered a few posts back. :)

Quoting Levi32:


GFS hints at it too. Both models show a large mid-level cyclonic gyre remaining over central America after Ernesto moves inland to the west, and both models show this gyre regenerating an area of low pressure over the Gulf of Mexico in 6-9 days.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting MississippiWx:
Complete 180 degree turn from earlier. This time, I believe the organization is for real. The alignment is probably not perfect yet, but the last update from CIMSS showed the circulations, mid and low level, coming together.



I'm not so sure, it appears the CoC is on the edge of the convection. Tilted and disorganized.
Member Since: July 8, 2005 Posts: 259 Comments: 23642
1967. Patrap
And at the end of the day, Neil, Mike and Buzz owed their very lives to them Lil Ol Nice Ladies who Glued their Pressure Suit Bladders to the Outer Garment, which contained Teflon as Gro mentioned.



It was a National Project with contracts in every state.

Not one Saturn Series Booster ever failed.



For those who remember Xmas Eve December 1968, and July 20th 1969, those were time's when this World stopped, looked back at ourselves and for a few, brief moments, stood together in awe..of what we could do.

But the story wasnt the Moon so much..it was the pictures of us back home that made us dream.

And not one border was seen from Space.



We could use those few moments again.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
1966. yoboi
Quoting BenBIogger:


I notice that China is buying a lot of metal, from local metal recycling yards around here.





china also bought up the steel plants....it's a lost cause to even explain we messed up yrs ago....
Member Since: August 25, 2010 Posts: 7 Comments: 2337
1965. Grothar
Defintely looking better


Member Since: Posts: Comments:
NOT NASA

Who contributed to the creation to the financial crisis and the ensuing economic crisis?

The following is a general answer followed by a section naming the key players:

Regulators who relaxed risk management regulations required by the banks and for not regulating derivative investments (please, see more specific details below)
The Federal Reserve Chairmen who dismissed the build-up of the housing bubble from 2002 to 2007 until it was too late. They did not take actions to regulate mortgage companies or control the housing bubble
World Central Bankers who blindly copied the US Federal Reserve Bank policies
World Financial Regulators who blindly copied US financial market models and regulations
World Investment Banks who sold subprime (high risk) mortgage backed securities to their customers without fully understanding them and who hired credit rating agencies to rate them as high quality investment when in fact they included high risk loans. The same banks who sold the subprime investments later bet against their own clients without disclosing the conflict of interest to their clients
Credit Rating Agencies who overrated junk securities as investment-grade quality and misled investors about the risk and the value of these investments
Academic and Financial Economists who ignored the warnings and misjudged macroeconomic and financial market indicators
Award-winning Economists who designed flawed risk pricing models
Investment Analysts who used flawed risk pricing models and asset portfolio theories
Wall Street Banking Executives who ignored internal risk management policies out of greed to increase revenues and their bonuses in the short term at the expense of long term stability of their companies
Wall Street Boards of Directors who did not protect their shareholders against excessive executive compensation and ignored prudent risk management strategies
Wall Street Advisors who did not do their homework before advising their clients on bad investments
Investment Fund Managers who lost billions of dollars investing without adequate due diligence
Mortgage Brokers who sold loans to unqualified borrowers in order to collect more commissions
Homebuyers who took loans they could not afford to pay back and blamed the banks for predatory lending
US Presidents for hiring former Wall Street lobbyists as government policy makers who bailed out the banks without regard to the moral hazard. By doing so, they shifted the burden on the taxpayers and risked the future of the national economy
US Supreme Court Justices who ruled that the government may not ban political spending by corporations in candidate elections thus tightening the grip of Wall Street on government officials and skewing the balance of power in favor of Wall Street and big companies.
The Financial Media who took no responsibility for promoting the illusions of a healthy housing sector and for not asking the right questions. Media outlets that favored a promotional business model at the expense of investigative journalism. In our research, we found a prevalent bias in allocating airwaves and print space to brand name experts. Most journalists and editors seem to ignore voices that are not well-known or those who have a story that do not fit their narrative or preconception. All we had to do is Google simple phrases like "US Economic Risks" to find a wealth of information that would raise so many critical questions. If equal media exposure was given to the voices that warned us about the housing bubble, the damage could have been mitigated.
Member Since: August 2, 2010 Posts: 21 Comments: 9737
Quoting STXHurricanes2012:
Yep Its safe to return in here.


Did the server crash? I heard something happen in regards to the server.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting AtHomeInTX:
This is at 168. Ernie?



I think is the wave that is getting out of africa
Member Since: June 20, 2012 Posts: 0 Comments: 2150
1961. yqt1001
Quoting tennisgirl08:


It created jobs. Yes...we need that.


I was meaning more internet and electronics..dunno if it really had a large impact on jobs though. Certainly created a strong sense of national pride.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Mars rover Curiosity lands on surface of Red Planet
ReutersBy Steve Gorman and Irene Klotz | Reuters – 12 mins ago

Article: NASA receives first images from newly landed Mars rover Curiosity

24 mins ago

PASADENA, California (Reuters) - The Mars science rover Curiosity landed on the Martian surface shortly after 10:30 p.m. Pacific time on Sunday (1:30 a.m. EDT Monday/0530 GMT) to begin a two-year mission seeking evidence the Red Planet once hosted ingredients for life, NASA said.

Link
Member Since: August 2, 2010 Posts: 21 Comments: 9737
Quoting CybrTeddy:


Well, then you can count then with that mind set we're stuck with ASCAT missing storms like Ernesto for the next 10-20 years before we can get a new QuikSCAT up.
Last i'll say. I agree with gro about the benefits of space exploration and you about the great tools to track weather. These things will all be gone when this country collapses from debt. Look at Greece. We must get our financial house in order and that starts with cutting everything not essential. It will hurt in the short term but make us all better in the long run. We all do this on a monthly or yearly basis make the hard sacrifices in the short term to save us for the duration. Just my thoughts and I appreciate the lively debate. Back to weather.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Complete 180 degree turn from earlier. This time, I believe the organization is for real. The alignment is probably not perfect yet, but the last update from CIMSS showed the circulations, mid and low level, coming together.

Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting tennisgirl08:


And there is the dreaded GOMEX weakness. Wow!


8-10 day forecast, Ernie should be long gone by then. IMO
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting BahaHurican:
Possible 2 agree w/ both sides...


Yes it is however, innovation creates wealth. Correct application of limited funds can pay great dividends in the future. Not to mention the blow to the psyche.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
1954. yqt1001
Just curious, isn't this slowing down of Ernesto the precedence to the northern turn? If so, isn't this a bit sooner than expected?
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting atmosweather:


100% correct. I'm fine with the NASA program, it has brought the world pretty much all major modern scientific discoveries in one way or another. A Mars landing to see if life ever existed there is different in my mind.

Back to Ernie...


New technologies developed by Curiosity such as advanced guidance, telemetry data, ect for a Mars landing to scoop out life and fossils = new satellite services such as an advanced version of QuikSCAT, ASCAT, GOES programs, ect.

They're linked.

Anyways, I guess we've dived off topic for enough tonight. Taz would kill us if he saw this. Back to Ernesto.
Member Since: July 8, 2005 Posts: 259 Comments: 23642
Quoting yqt1001:
At this time at least, it looks more likely that the Chinese will achieve human landing on Mars before another nation. Actually, if they did then it would be a great thing for humanity. People seem to forget all the wonderful things the space race during the cold war brought us. Just dream about another space race today!


It created jobs. Yes...we need that.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
1951. Grothar
I remember when I was a young boy and we would wait at night to see Sputnik flying by about every 90 minutes and a few months later I was in Norway and we did the same thing when Explorer I was launched. Watched them all night. I was very proud since I was the only American there and they all asked me questions. I felt so proud/ The whole world was fascinated. Of course I couldn't answer all the technical questions because I was no where near as smart then as I am today. It was a mystical and magical experience.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Yep Its safe to return in here.
Member Since: June 4, 2012 Posts: 0 Comments: 767
this isn't a politics or an economics blog, people.

if the debt is such a problem why is government borrowing so cheap? go do some research on current treasury yields and you'll learn that our debt is the least of our problems - the problems right now are unemployment and low growth/demand.

anywho...Ernie seems to have slowed down, any chance he starts turning northward? He's gonna run outta water if he doesn't...

Quoting hulazigzag:
What's 1% of nothing? I think it's awesome the lander made it. There would be plenty of more of this if we got our budget together. Right now our debt exceeds our GDP that's a frightening thing. We could all find a million things the gov could cut back this is just one. IMO
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting yoboi:


read the label made in china like everything else...


I notice that China is buying a lot of metal, from local metal recycling yards around here.



Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Member Since: August 2, 2010 Posts: 21 Comments: 9737
1946. yoboi
Quoting gordydunnot:
How anybody could criticize our space program is truly beyond my comprehension.The program is probably one of the best, if not the best reasons the US leads the world in technology.


we use to lead in technology not anymore...if we lead the world today we would not be broke...
Member Since: August 25, 2010 Posts: 7 Comments: 2337
Quoting CybrTeddy:
One final note for all us armchair mets on why the space program is important.

See all this?

GOES-E satellite loop
GOES-W
ASCAT
Satellite measurement
MIMIC satellite imagery

All of that and much more for data and observing hurricanes would be gone if you cut the budget off under the guise of 'wasteful spending', Atlas V/Delta IV/Soyuz/Protons/Ariane rockets send this up in the first place with hard work by thousands of people before hand.

Completely relevant to tropical weather.


100% correct. I'm fine with the NASA program, it has brought the world pretty much all major modern scientific discoveries in one way or another. A Mars landing to see if life ever existed there is different in my mind.

Back to Ernie...
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting BenBIogger:
12z 8 to 10 DAY 500MB MEAN


And there is the dreaded GOMEX weakness. Wow!
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Lastly, the shuttle was built to haul material for construction of the space station very expensive to fly otherwise. If someone wanted to replace it they should have been working on that more than 10yrs, ago. I'm not going into why were in debt know one would agree because of brain washing.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
1942. yqt1001
At this time at least, it looks more likely that the Chinese will achieve human landing on Mars before another nation. Actually, if they did then it would be a great thing for humanity. People seem to forget all the wonderful things the space race during the cold war brought us. Just dream about another space race today!
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
z
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting Levi32:


GFS hints at it too. Both models show a large mid-level cyclonic gyre remaining over central America after Ernesto moves inland to the west, and both models show this gyre regenerating an area of low pressure over the Gulf of Mexico in 6-9 days.


Well...that sucks.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting hulazigzag:
What's 1% of nothing? I think it's awesome the lander made it. There would be plenty of more of this if we got our budget together. Right now our debt exceeds our GDP that's a frightening thing. We could all find a million things the gov could cut back this is just one. IMO


Well, then you can count then with that mind set we're stuck with ASCAT missing storms like Ernesto for the next 10-20 years before we can get a new QuikSCAT up.
Member Since: July 8, 2005 Posts: 259 Comments: 23642
Quoting yoboi:


read the label made in china like everything else...


We dont have to worry so much for labels "made in China"... But rather for pirates, spyware, hackers, spies from many countries, that are in search right now, of all this technology that we just witnessed...
Member Since: August 2, 2010 Posts: 21 Comments: 9737
12z 8 to 10 DAY 500MB MEAN
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
1936. Grothar
Space exploration has resulted in thousands of discoveries which have given great impetus to manufacturing. From corning ware to microwaves and even teflon. The amount of technology which was developed far outweighs the cost of any program or the money that was spent. It is incalculable. The development of computers alone stemmed in good part from the space program. This technology was freely shared in our manufacturing. They are too numerous too mention, but most things we enjoyed were directly or indirectly the result of the research since that time. Our total satellite structure and the means by which we are using the internet all mainly by-products of that technology. And don't forget Tang.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting CybrTeddy:


Budgeting? NASA gets less than 1% of the federal budget and has been for years.

It brings in jobs, inspires young people, brings hope to the future. It did for me when I was a kid.
What's 1% of nothing? I think it's awesome the lander made it. There would be plenty of more of this if we got our budget together. Right now our debt exceeds our GDP that's a frightening thing. We could all find a million things the gov could cut back this is just one. IMO
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
1934. Patrap




Member Since: Posts: Comments:
One final note for all us armchair mets on why the space program is important.

See all this?

GOES-E satellite loop
GOES-W
ASCAT
Satellite measurement
MIMIC satellite imagery

All of that and much more for data and observing hurricanes would be gone if you cut the budget off under the guise of 'wasteful spending', Atlas V/Delta IV/Soyuz/Protons/Ariane rockets send this up in the first place with hard work by thousands of people before hand.

Completely relevant to tropical weather.
Member Since: July 8, 2005 Posts: 259 Comments: 23642

Viewing: 1983 - 1933

Page: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21 | 22 | 23 | 24 | 25 | 26 | 27 | 28 | 29 | 30 | 31 | 32 | 33 | 34 | 35 | 36 | 37 | 38 | 39 | 40 | 41 | 42 | 43 | 44 | 45 | 46 | 47 | 48 | 49 | 50Blog Index

Top of Page

About

Jeff co-founded the Weather Underground in 1995 while working on his Ph.D. He flew with the NOAA Hurricane Hunters from 1986-1990.