2nd billion-dollar weather disaster of 2012: April 3 severe weather in Texas

By: Dr. Jeff Masters , 2:09 PM GMT on May 11, 2012

Share this Blog
38
+

The U.S. suffered its second billion-dollar weather disaster of 2012 on April 3, when a massive hailstorm and 21 tornadoes hit the Dallas/Fort Worth, Texas region, said insurance company Aon Benfield, in their latest monthly Global Catastrophe Recap Report. They put the damage at $1 billion. The tornado outbreak included one EF-3 twister, which hit Forney, Texas. A severe hailstorm during the outbreak hit the DFW airport, damaging over 100 airplanes, and forcing the temporary closure of the airport. The other billion-dollar weather disaster of 2012 was the March 2 - 3 tornado outbreak in the Midwest and Southeast. NOAA put the total cost of the tornadoes that killed 41 people in Kentucky, Indiana, Ohio, and Alabama during the outbreak at $1.5 billion. There were two EF-4 tornadoes, one which devastated Henryville, Indiana, and another that plowed through Crittenden, Kentucky. On average, the U.S. sees 3 - 4 billion-dollar weather disasters each year, with 1 - 2 of these being severe weather/tornado outbreaks. In 2011, we already had five billion-dollar weather-related disasters by the first week of May, so we are well behind last year's pace. NOAA's National Climatic Data Center logged a record fourteen billion-dollar weather disasters in 2011. There has been just one other billion-dollar disaster in the world this year, according to Aon Benfield--severe flooding in Australia's New South Wales and Victoria states in late February and early March that caused $1.58 billion in damage. A separate flooding episode in late January and early February came close, causing an additional $920 million in damage in Australia.


Figure 1. The EF-3 tornado that hit Forney, Texas, on April 3, 2012. Image credit: wunderphotographer ClockworkLemon


Video 1. Dramatic video of semi-trailers being tossed more than 100 feet in the air by the Lancaster, Texas tornado of April 3, 2012.



Canada and Midwest U.S. frost/freeze damage in the hundreds of millions of dollars
Damage to fruit trees in Ontario, Canada due to a series of frosts and freezes over the past six weeks will easily top $100 million dollars, said the Windsor Star this week. About 80% of the Ontario apple crop was wiped out. At the Ann Arbor Farmer's Market yesterday, I talked to a local apple grower who told me that her orchard in Southeast Lower Michigan had suffered at least a 90% loss of its apple crop. She said the story was similar for all the growers of apples, pears, peaches, nectarines, grapes, cherries, and plums in Michigan. "The only year that can compare was 1945," she told me, "and that year wasn't nearly as bad as 2012." Fruit crops in Pennsylvania and New York State have suffered heavy damage as well, and the total damage to agriculture from this year's freezes will likely be in the hundreds of millions of dollars. All of this damage occurred despite the fact that April temperatures across the region were above average. The culprit was the extraordinary "Summer in March" weather in mid-March 2012, which brought a week of 80°F-plus temperature to the region that triggered a record early bloom.


Figure 2. Morning satellite image of Eastern Pacific Invest 90E.

Hurricane season is coming
It's now mid-May, which means that hurricane season is about to start in the East Pacific. The official start of the East Pacific hurricane season is May 15, and the action is already starting to heat up. The first "Invest" of 2012 in the East Pacific, Invest 90E, is located about 700 miles south of Puerto Vallarta, Mexico, and is moving westward out to sea, posing no threat to any land areas. The European Center model predicts the possibility of another system getting organized in the East Pacific, closer to the coast of Mexico, during the period Wednesday - Friday (May 16 - 18.)

In the Atlantic, where hurricane season officially starts on June 1, the action may also be about to heat up. For the past several days, the GFS model has been consistently predicting the development of a subtropical storm in the Western Caribbean, or waters near Florida, sometime May 19 - May 21. The European Center model has not been on board with this, but has been predicting a very moist flow of tropical air will develop, bringing heavy rains to Florida May 19 - 20. So, it is possible we will see the Atlantic's first named storm occur in May this year, but the models are very unreliable this far out.

Have a great weekend, everyone!


Jeff Masters

Royse City Tornado (ClockworkLemon)
Tornado that hit Royse City 4/3/12
Royse City Tornado
Hail no (rjctx74)
Hail from tornados. April storms 2012
Hail no
()

Reader Comments

Comments will take a few seconds to appear.

Post Your Comments

Please sign in to post comments.

or Join

Not only will you be able to leave comments on this blog, but you'll also have the ability to upload and share your photos in our Wunder Photos section.

Display: 0, 50, 100, 200 Sort: Newest First - Order Posted

Viewing: 815 - 765

Page: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20Blog Index

Member Since: April 23, 2011 Posts: 104 Comments: 14873
I think i can conclude, our first african wave was May 5th, and our second emerged the 10th, nothing else though since.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting trHUrrIXC5MMX:
GFS at 45 Hr


WHICH ONE IS GOING TO MAKE IT FIRST?

or

If we new that 90E and 92L were certainly going to get name, 92L would likely get named first.
Member Since: August 9, 2009 Posts: 10 Comments: 5070
Quoting WxGeekVA:


Grace 2009



92L


absolutely!
Member Since: April 23, 2011 Posts: 104 Comments: 14873
hey doc
are ya out there
may need a saturday afternoon update
Member Since: July 15, 2006 Posts: 175 Comments: 54827
The blog has gone in to 3rd gear now that we have an invest in the atlantic
Member Since: November 6, 2010 Posts: 11 Comments: 8311
It's been 4 hours since 92L was invested.

Then:


Now:


I'm so proud! :D
Member Since: November 19, 2010 Posts: 1 Comments: 1286


Grace 2009



92L
Member Since: September 3, 2011 Posts: 13 Comments: 3476
Quoting trHUrrIXC5MMX:
GFS at 45 Hr

http://goes.gsfc.nasa.gov/goescolor/goeseast/over view2/color_lrg/latestfull.jpg

WHICH ONE IS GOING TO MAKE IT FIRST?

or




would that be per 92E be hid 90E?
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
It looks like Ophelia
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Wonder if NHC will use the new definition of subtropical:


Subtropical cyclone (significantly revised for 2012): A non-frontal low-pressure system that has characteristics of both tropical and extratropical cyclones. Like tropical cyclones, they are non-frontal, synoptic-scale cyclones that originate over tropical or subtropical waters, and
have a closed surface wind circulation about a well-defined center. In addition, they have organized moderate to deep convection, but lack a central dense overcast. Unlike tropical cyclones, subtropical cyclones derive a significant proportion of their energy from baroclinic sources, and are generally cold-core in the upper troposphere, often being associated with an upper-level low or trough. In comparison to tropical cyclones, these systems generally have a radius of maximum winds occurring relatively far from the center (usually greater than 60 n mi), and generally have a less symmetric wind field and distribution of convection.

Extratropical cyclone: A cyclone of any intensity for which the primary energy source is baroclinic, that is, results from the temperature contrast between warm and cold air masses.

The definition of closed circulation refers to the earth-relative wind, and non-frontal means no surface or low-level baroclinic zones.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting trHUrrIXC5MMX:
GFS at 45 Hr

http://goes.gsfc.nasa.gov/goescolor/goeseast/over view2/color_lrg/latestfull.jpg

WHICH ONE IS GOING TO MAKE IT FIRST?

or

90E is not impressing me whatsoever right now.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting NICycloneChaser:
Dare I say it, I think the trolls are still in hibernation...

Shhhhh... Don't jinx it.
Member Since: August 9, 2009 Posts: 10 Comments: 5070
GFS at 45 Hr


WHICH ONE IS GOING TO MAKE IT FIRST?

or
Member Since: April 23, 2011 Posts: 104 Comments: 14873
Dare I say it, I think the trolls are still in hibernation...
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
And the blog goes wild!!!
Member Since: August 9, 2009 Posts: 10 Comments: 5070
Quoting WxGeekVA:


This is an eye!
Dare I say.... ANNULAR?

It really is a beautiful storm, tropical or not

Member Since: February 11, 2012 Posts: 84 Comments: 7925
Quoting wxgeek723:


It starts when they're renumbered, not when they're tagged.


Tell that to the blog :P
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Great call by the NHC!
Member Since: August 9, 2009 Posts: 10 Comments: 5070
Quoting nigel20:

Aww cute little circle.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Ya se está prendiendo la temporada 2012. Lo siento no hablo inglés, ya que soy Mexicano y de Cancún
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting CybrTeddy:
Here's what the NHC is waiting for naming it - consistency. It's only been invested for a few hours, if it still looks like the way it does now in 6 hours or even better then the NHC will probably go ahead and name it Sub-Tropical Storm Alberto.

+10 totally agree. Keep it going 92L! If you want that name, you gotta work for it!
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
NOAA OSCAT



Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting WxGeekVA:


This is an eye!
Dare I say.... ANNULAR?


Convection isn't really deep enough for it to be an eyewall.

Member Since: November 19, 2010 Posts: 1 Comments: 1286
Quoting HurricaneDean07:
The blog is about to start going 100 mph, get ready people! Strap in! and put youre helmets on!

Just imagine if this thing was near Florida...
Member Since: February 11, 2012 Posts: 84 Comments: 7925
Member Since: November 6, 2010 Posts: 11 Comments: 8311
Quoting CybrTeddy:
40% out for 92L.
40% for 90E.

Both the Eastern Pacific Hurricane season and the Atlantic Hurricane season have started.


It starts when they're renumbered, not when they're tagged.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
What a cute circle.

Member Since: November 19, 2010 Posts: 1 Comments: 1286
The blog is about to start going 100 mph, get ready people! Strap in! and put youre helmets on!
Member Since: Posts: Comments:


This is an eye!
Dare I say.... ANNULAR?
Member Since: September 3, 2011 Posts: 13 Comments: 3476
Here's what the NHC is waiting for naming it - consistency. It's only been invested for a few hours, if it still looks like the way it does now in 6 hours or even better then the NHC will probably go ahead and name it Sub-Tropical Storm Alberto.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting yqt1001:


You said if 92L doesn't become Alberto. :P If it doesn't form now I don't think we will see it until late June.

Oh, lol, sorry for my own confusion
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
000
ABNT20 KNHC 121739
TWOAT

SPECIAL TROPICAL WEATHER OUTLOOK
NWS NATIONAL HURRICANE CENTER MIAMI FL
140 PM EDT SAT MAY 12 2012

FOR THE NORTH ATLANTIC...CARIBBEAN SEA AND THE GULF OF MEXICO...

A NON-TROPICAL LOW OVER THE EASTERN ATLANTIC ABOUT 400 MILES
SOUTHWEST OF THE SOUTHERN AZORES ISLANDS HAS DEVELOPED THUNDERSTORM
ACTIVITY NEAR THE CENTER DURING THE PAST 24 HOURS. THERE IS SOME
POTENTIAL FOR ADDITIONAL DEVELOPMENT AS THE SYSTEM MOVES LITTLE
DURING THE NEXT COUPLE OF DAYS...AND THE LOW HAS A MEDIUM
CHANCE...40 PERCENT...OF BECOMING A SUBTROPICAL OR TROPICAL CYCLONE
DURING THE NEXT 48 HOURS. ADDITIONAL SPECIAL TROPICAL WEATHER
OUTLOOKS WILL BE ISSUED ON THIS SYSTEM LATER TODAY OR SUNDAY...IF
NECESSARY.

ELSEWHERE...TROPICAL CYCLONE FORMATION IS NOT EXPECTED DURING THE
NEXT 48 HOURS.

$$
FORECASTER BEVEN

We're in buisness people!
Thank you Beven.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
40% for 92L. Incredible
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Poor forecaster Beven... All alone at the NHC on the day both basins decide to spring to life

SPECIAL TROPICAL WEATHER OUTLOOK
NWS NATIONAL HURRICANE CENTER MIAMI FL
1040 AM PDT SAT MAY 12 2012

FOR THE EASTERN NORTH PACIFIC...EAST OF 140 DEGREES WEST LONGITUDE..

AN AREA OF DISTURBED WEATHER HAS DEVELOPED ABOUT 550 MILES
SOUTH-SOUTHWEST OF ACAPULCO MEXICO. UPPER-LEVEL WINDS APPEAR
CONDUCIVE FOR ADDITIONAL DEVELOPMENT...AND THE SYSTEM COULD BECOME
A TROPICAL DEPRESSION DURING THE NEXT DAY OR TWO AS IT MOVES SLOWLY
NORTHWESTWARD. THIS SYSTEM HAS A MEDIUM CHANCE...40 PERCENT...OF
BECOMING A TROPICAL CYCLONE DURING THE NEXT 48 HOURS. ADDITIONAL
SPECIAL TROPICAL WEATHER OUTLOOKS WILL BE ISSUED ON THIS SYSTEM
LATER TODAY OR SUNDAY...IF NECESSARY.

ELSEWHERE...TROPICAL CYCLONE FORMATION IS NOT EXPECTED DURING THE
NEXT 48 HOURS.

$$
FORECASTER BEVEN

Member Since: February 11, 2012 Posts: 84 Comments: 7925
Quoting HurricaneDean07:

I dont get it, if you say 92L will become a subtropical storm, then are you saying we'll see Beryl in late June?


You said if 92L doesn't become Alberto. :P If it doesn't form now I don't think we will see it until late June.
Member Since: November 19, 2010 Posts: 1 Comments: 1286
and it looks like they got the message
Member Since: July 15, 2006 Posts: 175 Comments: 54827


Latest ASCAT 92L
Member Since: September 3, 2011 Posts: 13 Comments: 3476
Quoting trHUrrIXC5MMX:
GUYS, NHC info about 92L

awesome!
000
ABNT20 KNHC 121739
TWOAT

SPECIAL TROPICAL WEATHER OUTLOOK
NWS NATIONAL HURRICANE CENTER MIAMI FL
140 PM EDT SAT MAY 12 2012

FOR THE NORTH ATLANTIC...CARIBBEAN SEA AND THE GULF OF MEXICO...

A NON-TROPICAL LOW OVER THE EASTERN ATLANTIC ABOUT 400 MILES
SOUTHWEST OF THE SOUTHERN AZORES ISLANDS HAS DEVELOPED THUNDERSTORM
ACTIVITY NEAR THE CENTER DURING THE PAST 24 HOURS. THERE IS SOME
POTENTIAL FOR ADDITIONAL DEVELOPMENT AS THE SYSTEM MOVES LITTLE
DURING THE NEXT COUPLE OF DAYS...AND THE LOW HAS A MEDIUM
CHANCE...40 PERCENT...OF BECOMING A SUBTROPICAL OR TROPICAL CYCLONE
DURING THE NEXT 48 HOURS.
ADDITIONAL SPECIAL TROPICAL WEATHER
OUTLOOKS WILL BE ISSUED ON THIS SYSTEM LATER TODAY OR SUNDAY...IF
NECESSARY.


Aww, yeah... LET IT BEGIN!
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
latest pics fron NRL can attest to this
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting yqt1001:

I dont get it, if you say 92L will become a subtropical storm, then are you saying we'll see Beryl in late June?
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting MAweatherboy1:
Is it possible they could jump right into advisories without a TWO mention? Because it's pretty obvious the winds are at TS strength so if they determine it meets the criteria wouldn't they just initiate advisories?
yes advisories could be needed if anything because of the islands just to the north of it hmmm
Member Since: July 15, 2006 Posts: 175 Comments: 54827
40% out for 92L.
40% for 90E.

Both the Eastern Pacific Hurricane season and the Atlantic Hurricane season have started.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting HurricaneDean07:
Poll Time!
92L will amount to...
(A) A May Invest(Nothing more)
(B) Sub-tropical storm
(C) Sub-tropical storm that strengthens into a tropical storm
(D) Hurricane

90E will amount to...
(A) Nothing more than an Invest
(B) Tropical Depression
(C) Tropical Storm
(D) Hurricane

If 92L doesn't become Alberto, when will it form?
(A) Later this month
(B) Early June
(C) Late June
(D) Early July
(E) Late July or Later

If 90E doesn't become Aletta, when will it form?
(A) Next Week
(B) Later this month
(C) June
(D) July

Im thinking (A) as of right now cause of uncertainty with the NHC.
(B) no Aletta from 90E
(A) Maybe Alberto later
(A) Next week models show 92E coming in and becoming Aletta which i believe.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting HurricaneDean07:
Poll Time!
92L will amount to...
(A) A May Invest(Nothing more)
(B) Sub-tropical storm
(C) Sub-tropical storm that strengthens into a tropical storm
(D) Hurricane

90E will amount to...
(A) Nothing more than an Invest
(B) Tropical Depression
(C) Tropical Storm
(D) Hurricane

If 92L doesn't become Alberto, when will it form?
(A) Later this month
(B) Early June
(C) Late June
(D) Early July
(E) Late July or Later

If 90E doesn't become Aletta, when will it form?
(A) Next Week
(B) Later this month
(C) June
(D) July

B,B,B,A
Member Since: November 6, 2010 Posts: 11 Comments: 8311
40% in both basins!
Member Since: February 11, 2012 Posts: 84 Comments: 7925
Quoting Tazmanian:
SPECIAL TROPICAL WEATHER OUTLOOK
NWS NATIONAL HURRICANE CENTER MIAMI FL
140 PM EDT SAT MAY 12 2012

FOR THE NORTH ATLANTIC...CARIBBEAN SEA AND THE GULF OF MEXICO...

A NON-TROPICAL LOW OVER THE EASTERN ATLANTIC ABOUT 400 MILES
SOUTHWEST OF THE SOUTHERN AZORES ISLANDS HAS DEVELOPED THUNDERSTORM
ACTIVITY NEAR THE CENTER DURING THE PAST 24 HOURS. THERE IS SOME
POTENTIAL FOR ADDITIONAL DEVELOPMENT AS THE SYSTEM MOVES LITTLE
DURING THE NEXT COUPLE OF DAYS...AND THE LOW HAS A MEDIUM
CHANCE...40 PERCENT...OF BECOMING A SUBTROPICAL OR TROPICAL CYCLONE
DURING THE NEXT 48 HOURS. ADDITIONAL SPECIAL TROPICAL WEATHER
OUTLOOKS WILL BE ISSUED ON THIS SYSTEM LATER TODAY OR SUNDAY...IF
NECESSARY.


Oh, God, here we go...
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
SPECIAL TROPICAL WEATHER OUTLOOK
NWS NATIONAL HURRICANE CENTER MIAMI FL
140 PM EDT SAT MAY 12 2012

FOR THE NORTH ATLANTIC...CARIBBEAN SEA AND THE GULF OF MEXICO...

A NON-TROPICAL LOW OVER THE EASTERN ATLANTIC ABOUT 400 MILES
SOUTHWEST OF THE SOUTHERN AZORES ISLANDS HAS DEVELOPED THUNDERSTORM
ACTIVITY NEAR THE CENTER DURING THE PAST 24 HOURS. THERE IS SOME
POTENTIAL FOR ADDITIONAL DEVELOPMENT AS THE SYSTEM MOVES LITTLE
DURING THE NEXT COUPLE OF DAYS...AND THE LOW HAS A MEDIUM
CHANCE...40 PERCENT...OF BECOMING A SUBTROPICAL OR TROPICAL CYCLONE
DURING THE NEXT 48 HOURS. ADDITIONAL SPECIAL TROPICAL WEATHER
OUTLOOKS WILL BE ISSUED ON THIS SYSTEM LATER TODAY OR SUNDAY...IF
NECESSARY.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting HurricaneDean07:
Poll Time!
92L will amount to...
(A) A May Invest(Nothing more)
(B) Sub-tropical storm
(C) Sub-tropical storm that strengthens into a tropical storm
(D) Hurricane

90E will amount to...
(A) Nothing more than an Invest
(B) Tropical Depression
(C) Tropical Storm
(D) Hurricane

If 92L doesn't become Alberto, when will it form?
(A) Later this month
(B) Early June
(C) Late June
(D) Early July
(E) Late July or Later

If 90E doesn't become Aletta, when will it form?
(A) Next Week
(B) Later this month
(C) June
(D) July


A,A,A,A... Just not quite time yet, but still interesting to watch!
Member Since: September 3, 2011 Posts: 13 Comments: 3476
Quoting HurricaneDean07:
Poll Time!
92L will amount to...
(A) A May Invest(Nothing more)
(B) Sub-tropical storm
(C) Sub-tropical storm that strengthens into a tropical storm
(D) Hurricane

90E will amount to...
(A) Nothing more than an Invest
(B) Tropical Depression
(C) Tropical Storm
(D) Hurricane

If 92L doesn't become Alberto, when will it form?
(A) Later this month
(B) Early June
(C) Late June
(D) Early July
(E) Late July or Later

If 90E doesn't become Aletta, when will it form?
(A) Next Week
(B) Later this month
(C) June
(D) July

A
A (90E has really fallen apart)
B
A
Member Since: February 11, 2012 Posts: 84 Comments: 7925

Viewing: 815 - 765

Page: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20Blog Index

Top of Page

About

Jeff co-founded the Weather Underground in 1995 while working on his Ph.D. He flew with the NOAA Hurricane Hunters from 1986-1990.

Local Weather

Overcast
49 °F
Overcast