Wunderground launches new Local Climate Change section

By: Dr. Jeff Masters , 6:10 PM GMT on April 20, 2012

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In honor of Earth Day on Sunday, wunderground has launched a new Climate Change Center, which gives people resources to understand how the climate is changing both globally and in their local neighborhoods. I am particularly pleased with our Local Climate Change feature, which allows one to see how temperature and precipitation have changed over the past 100+ years at the nearest station with a long period of measurements. Predictions from climate models on what the next 100 years may bring are overlaid for each station. Data for most U.S. stations goes back to 1895; we have data for a few stations in Europe that extend back to the 1700s. Berlin has the longest period of record in this database, with data back to 1702.


Figure 1. Screenshot of the Local Climate Change page for Washington, DC. Measured temperatures since 1820 are shown in grey. By clicking on the "Show post-1900 trend:" box, we see that the trend since 1900 has been for an increase in temperature of 1.5°C (2.7°F) per century. Moving the thin vertical red line over the image using the mouse shows that the warmest year on record in Washington D.C. was 1991. Predictions for a future with low emissions of heat-trapping gases like carbon dioxide are shown in yellow; the high emissions prediction is shown in red. Separate tabs are available to examine precipitation and snow.

Skeptical?
Also included in the new Climate Change Center is a section addressing the common skeptical arguments made against climate change. We offer three levels of explanation. The "Basic" level is the default, but one can also see more technical in-depth discussions by clicking on the "See All Explanation Levels" link. The material was developed by physicist John Cook for his excellent skepticalscience.com web site, which is widely referenced in the climate science communication community.


Video 1. I'm featured in this video on extreme weather and climate change done by veteran videographer Peter Sinclair for the Yale forum on Climate Change and the Media this month. I'm also featured in Part 1 of this series. Our new Climate Change Center has a section for climate change videos, which includes a twice-monthly feature from GreenTV detailing the world's notable wild weather events of the past two weeks.

Earth: the Operator's Manual airs Sunday night
Penn State climate scientist Dr. Richard Alley hosts parts II and III of Earth: the Operator's Manual on PBS beginning at 7pm Sunday, April 22--Earth Day. Part I of this excellent series aired in April 2011. The series gives an overview of climate change, but primarily focuses on what we can do to help slow down climate change though smart energy choices. Dr. Alley, a registered Republican, geologist, and former oil company employee, is the Evan Pugh Professor of Geosciences at the Pennsylvania State University, and one of the most respected and widely published world experts on climate change. Dr. Alley has testified before Congress on climate change issues, served as lead author of "Chapter 4: Observations: Changes in Snow, Ice and Frozen Ground" for the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), and is author of more than 170 peer-reviewed scientific articles on Earth's climate. He is also the author of a book I highly recommend--The Two Mile Time Machine, a superb account of Earth's climate history as deduced from the 2-mile long Greenland ice cores. Dr. Alley is an excellent and engaging speaker, and I highly recommend listening to his 45-minute keynote speech, "The Biggest Control Knob: CO2 in Earth's Climate History", given at the 2010 American Geophysical Union meeting, via this very watchable recording showing his slides as he speaks in one corner of the video. If you want to understand why scientists are so certain of the link between CO2 and Earth's climate, this is a must-see lecture.

Have a great weekend, everyone, and I'll be back Monday with a new post. I'd like to thank Wunderground meteorologist, Angela Fritz for spearheading the creating the new Climate Change Center; it's a product I'll be referring to frequently in the future, and one we'll be updating in the coming months with data on local sea level rise, fire risk, and drought.

Jeff Masters

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1620. Patrap
The Fukushima Nuclear Disaster Is Far From Over
Posted: 04/22/2012 3:45 pm


Spent reactor fuel, containing roughly 85 times more long-lived radioactivity than released at Chernobyl, still sits in pools vulnerable to earthquakes.

More than a year after the Fukushima nuclear power disaster began, the news media is just beginning to grasp that the dangers to Japan and the rest of the world are far from over. After repeated warnings by former senior Japanese officials, nuclear experts, and now a U.S. Senator, it's sinking in that the irradiated nuclear fuel stored in spent fuel pools amidst the reactor ruins pose far greater dangers than the molten cores. This is why:

• Nearly all of the 10,893 spent fuel assemblies sit in pools vulnerable to future earthquakes, with roughly 85 times more long-lived radioactivity than released at Chernobyl
• Several pools are 100 feet above the ground and are completely open to the atmosphere because the reactor buildings were demolished by explosions. The pools could possibly topple or collapse from structural damage coupled with another powerful earthquake.

• The loss of water exposing the spent fuel will result in overheating and can cause melting and ignite its zirconium metal cladding resulting in a fire that could deposit large amounts of radioactive materials over hundreds, if not thousands of miles.

This was not lost on Senator Ron Wyden (D-OR), who after visiting the site on April 6, wrote to Japan's U.S. ambassador, Ichiro Fujusaki, that "loss of containment in any of these pools... could result an even larger release of radiation than the nuclear accident."

The urgency of the situation is underscored by the ongoing seismic activity where 13 earthquakes of magnitude 4.0-5.7 have occurred off the northeast coast of Japan between April 14 and 17. This has been the norm since the first quake and tsunami hit the Dai-Ichi site on March 11 of last year. Larger quakes are expected closer to the power plant.

Spent nuclear fuel is extraordinarily radioactive and must be handled with great care. In a matter of seconds, an unprotected person one foot away from a single freshly removed spent fuel assembly would receive a lethal dose of radiation within seconds. As one of the most dangerous materials on the planet, spent reactor fuel requires permanent geological isolation to protect humans for thousands of years.

It's been 26 years, since the Chernobyl reactor exploded and caught fire releasing enormous amounts of radioactive debris -- seriously contaminating areas over a thousand miles away. Chernobyl revealed the folly of not having an extra barrier of thick concrete and steel surrounding the reactor core that is required for modern plants, in the U.S., Japan and elsewhere. The Fukushima Dai-Ichi accident revealed the folly of operating several nuclear power plants in a high consequence earthquake zone while storing huge amounts of highly radioactive spent fuel in vulnerable pools, high above the ground.

What both accidents have in common is widespread environmental contamination from cesium-137. With a half-life of 30, years, Cs-137 gives off penetrating radiation, as it decays and can remain dangerous for hundreds of years. Once in the environment, it mimics potassium as it accumulates in the food chain. When it enters the human body, about 75 percent lodges in muscle tissue, with, perhaps, the most important muscle being the heart.

Last week, Tokyo Electric Power Company (TEPCO) revealed plans to remove 2,274 spent fuel assemblies from the damaged reactors that will probably take at least a decade to accomplish. The first priority will be removal of the contents in Pool No. 4. This pool is structurally damaged and contains about 10 times more cesium-137 than released at Chernobyl. Removal of SNF from the No. 4 reactor is optimistically expected to begin at the end of 2013. A significant amount of construction to remove debris and reinforce the structurally-damaged reactor buildings, especially the fuel- handling areas, will be required.

Also, it is not safe to keep 1,882 spent fuel assemblies containing ~57 million curies of long-lived radioactivity, including nearly 15 times more cs-137 than released at Chernobyl in the elevated pools at reactors 5, 6, and 7, which did not experience meltdowns and explosions.

The main reason why there is so much spent fuel at the Da-Ichi site is that the plan to send it off for nuclear recycling has collapsed. It was supposed to go to the incomplete Rokkasho reprocessing plant, just south of the Fukushima nuclear site, where plutonium would be extracted as a fuel for "fast" reactors. This scheme is based on long discredited assumptions that world uranium supplies would be rapidly exhausted and that a new generation of "fast" reactors, which held the promise of making more fuel than they use, would be needed. Over the past 20 years the Rokkasho's costs have tripled along with 18 major delays. World uranium supplies are far from depleted. Moreover, in November of last year, Japan's "fast" reactor project at Monju was cancelled for cost and safety reasons -- dealing a major blow to this whole scheme.

The stark reality, if TEPCO's plan is realized, is that nearly all of the spent fuel at the Da-Ichi containing some of the largest concentrations of radioactivity on the planet will remain indefinitely in vulnerable pools. TEPCO wants to store the spent fuel from the damaged reactors in the common pool, and only to resort to dry, cask storage when the common pool's capacity is exceeded. At this time, the common pool is at 80 percent storage capacity and will require removal of SNF to make room. TEPCO's plan is to minimize dry cask storage as much as possible and to rely indefinitely on vulnerable pool storage. Sen. Wyden finds that that TEPCO's plan for remediation carries extraordinary and continuing risk and sensibly recommends that retrieval of spent fuel in existing on-site spent fuel pools to safer storage... in dry casks should be a priority.

Despite the enormous destruction from the earthquake and tsunami, little attention was paid to the fact that the nine dry spent fuel casks at the Fukushima Da-Ichi site were unscathed. This is an important lesson we cannot afford to ignore.
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1619. nigel20
Quoting PedleyCA:


I bet if you got a few teenagers they could find a way to use it up.

Yeah, by downloading tons of games and watching countless hours of videos
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Quoting nigel20:

Yeah, that's a large data cap even for heavy users


I bet if you got a few teenagers they could find a way to use it up.
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1617. nigel20
Quoting PedleyCA:


150GB which I won't be able to get close to. I had 3G which was unlimited for $70 and only managed to use about 10GB a month. I don't think it will exceed that by much. I don't watch movies with it. But I guess I could. Glad I finally came out of the stone age here. Too far from the phone company for DSL so I had dialup till I got 3G a couple years ago. OK, life story over.

Yeah, that's a large data cap even for heavy users
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Quoting nigel20:

What's your data cap?


150GB which I won't be able to get close to. I had 3G which was unlimited for $70 and only managed to use about 10GB a month. I don't think it will exceed that by much. I don't watch movies with it. But I guess I could. Glad I finally came out of the stone age here. Too far from the phone company for DSL so I had dialup till I got 3G a couple years ago. OK, life story over.
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1615. nigel20
Quoting PedleyCA:


Too Funny, I just barely got 6.0 here. I had 1.4(3G) wireless because it was all I could get and they just got the Park set up
for that AT&T Uverse. I can get 12.0 if I want to shell out more $.
Sure make loading all this stuff easier and it is cheaper that what I
had before. Just wondered what you had. It does seem like the places you would think would have good stuff don't. Where I live there is cable and all kinds of good stuff but nothing right where I lived. No Infrastructure for it.

What's your data cap?
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Quoting nigel20:

12 mbps, why?


Too Funny, I just barely got 6.0 here. I had 1.4(3G) wireless because it was all I could get and they just got the Park set up
for that AT&T Uverse. I can get 12.0 if I want to shell out more $.
Sure make loading all this stuff easier and it is cheaper that what I
had before. Just wondered what you had. It does seem like the places you would think would have good stuff don't. Where I live there is cable and all kinds of good stuff but nothing right where I lived. No Infrastructure for it.
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1613. bappit
Quoting aspectre:
TropicalAnalystwx13: You try making a completely fake movie look real with tsunamis, earthquakes, and volcanoes. :)
1589 VAbeachhurricanes: Give me 200 million dollars, I'll make it easily :)

Give me $200million in cash, and I'll find better uses for it than making a movie.

Spending money is not always as easy as it might seem. See the Solyndra fiasco. Wikipedia: "Although the company was once touted for its unusual technology, plummeting silicon prices led to the company being unable to compete with more conventional solar panels." You also have to deal with all the people who just want your 200 million dollars and lie to your face when you try to find out what is really going on. It is hard to watch where all the money goes and make things work. Risk and uncertainty are constant companions when running a venture of that size. If you want to "do the right thing", I suspect the risks increase.

Addendum: The last point would explain the dichotomy between "doing the right thing" and soul-less commercial ventures like making a bad movie and a profit at the same time.
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1612. nigel20
Quoting bappit:

The idea that we could significantly undercount tornadoes that really matter seems like a contradiction. If it really counts, it is counted--if one wants to phrase it like a tautology, play with words a bit.

I like the idea of not issuing tornado warnings for short-lived vortexes. Call it a severe thunderstorm. The tornado is gone before the warning is issued. (Saw that in the interview posted on here of a TV met from Alabama. I strongly suspect this idea is not new.)




Thanks for your input bappit
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1611. nigel20
Quoting PedleyCA:


It will be OK once I get some new Celdek Pads for my cooler. The ones I have are original.
What's your internet connection speed down there?

12 mbps, why?
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1610. Patrap
www.solarham.com



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1609. KEEPEROFTHEGATE (Mod)
whats eve seeing

Member Since: July 15, 2006 Posts: 178 Comments: 55978
1608. bappit
Quoting nigel20:

I know there are usually overcounting of tornadoes, but do you have undercounting as well?

The idea that we could significantly undercount tornadoes that really matter seems like a contradiction. If it really counts, it is counted--if one wants to phrase it like a tautology, play with words a bit.

I like the idea of not issuing tornado warnings for short-lived vortexes. Call it a severe thunderstorm. The tornado is gone before the warning is issued. (Saw that in the interview posted on here of a TV met from Alabama. I strongly suspect this idea is not new.)



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Quoting nigel20:

I guess you'll have a long summer


It will be OK once I get some new Celdek Pads for my cooler. The ones I have are original.
What's your internet connection speed down there?
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1606. nigel20
Quoting aspectre:
TropicalAnalystwx13: You try making a completely fake movie look real with tsunamis, earthquakes, and volcanoes. :)
1589 VAbeachhurricanes: Give me 200 million dollars, I'll make it easily :)

Give me $200million in cash, and I'll find better uses for it than making a movie.

I couldn't agree with you more
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1605. nigel20
Quoting PedleyCA:


Just chillin, temps are back around 80. Been way over that here and it has been too hot. Have get my cooler set up for the year and just didn't get it done yet and suffered for it. Glad it wasn't humid as well.

I guest you'll have a long summer
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TropicalAnalystwx13: You try making a completely fake movie look real with tsunamis, earthquakes, and volcanoes. :)
1589 VAbeachhurricanes: Give me 200 million dollars, I'll make it easily :)

Give me $200million in cash, and I'll find better uses for it than making a movie.
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Quoting nigel20:

i'm good...how are you pedley?


Just chillin, temps are back around 80. Been way over that here and it has been too hot. Have get my cooler set up for the year and just didn't get it done yet and suffered for it. Glad it wasn't humid as well.
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Quoting oldnewmex:
r.e. Neapolitan Post 1588,

This was on WU's page for Truckee, CA (Which is also quite warm today):

... Record high temperature set at Reno Tahoe Airport NV...

a record high temperature of 90 degrees was set at Reno Tahoe Airport NV today.
This breaks the old record of 84 set in 1888.

This also Marks the first time the 90 degree threshold has been
recorded at the Reno Tahoe Airport in the month of April since
temperature observations have been recorded starting on January
1st... 1888.



Truckee also was a State Low 30 -- saw that on Today's State Extremes.
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1601. nigel20
Quoting PedleyCA:
What's up Nigel.

i'm good...how are you pedley?
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Quoting GeoffreyWPB:
Bring it on!!! For West Palm Beach.

Not bad temps, 90s and 100s today between Austin Texas and Southern Calif. 92 here today but No humidity.
Member Since: July 5, 2009 Posts: 0 Comments: 1348
Snow breaking out over the Adirondacks. Forecast did not call for any snow there (only over western NY).
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r.e. Neapolitan Post 1588,

This was on WU's page for Truckee, CA (Which is also quite warm today):

... Record high temperature set at Reno Tahoe Airport NV...

a record high temperature of 90 degrees was set at Reno Tahoe Airport NV today.
This breaks the old record of 84 set in 1888.

This also Marks the first time the 90 degree threshold has been
recorded at the Reno Tahoe Airport in the month of April since
temperature observations have been recorded starting on January
1st... 1888.

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What's up Nigel.
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1596. nigel20
Quoting GeoffreyWPB:
Bring it on!!! For West Palm Beach.


Nice temps
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Quoting TropicalAnalystwx13:

It was a magnitude 5.1.


A 5.1 is quite an earthquake. It will buckle your knees and shake the hell out of everything nearby and if it isn't sound that will be enough to shake it loose. Been through a few of those sized ones and few over 6.6-6.7
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Quoting PlazaRed:
Well You've got:-
Storms, blizzards, heat waves and even had a 91L off your coast!
All we have got is a boring French National election and the standard cold blustery low over the UK.


Did ya have to drag the French into it, roflmao
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Bring it on!!! For West Palm Beach.

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1592. nigel20
Quoting Patrap:



Yesterday's Storm Reports (1200 UTC - 1159 UTC)

I know there are usually overcounting of tornadoes, but do you have undercounting as well?
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1591. Patrap



Yesterday's Storm Reports (1200 UTC - 1159 UTC)
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1590. nigel20
Quoting TropicalAnalystwx13:
It was quite foggy this morning in Brisbane, Australia.


Thats a nice view
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Quoting TropicalAnalystwx13:

You try making a completely fake movie look real with tsunamis, earthquakes, and volcanoes. :)


Haha, they
Quoting TropicalAnalystwx13:

You try making a completely fake movie look real with tsunamis, earthquakes, and volcanoes. :)


Give me 200 million dollars, ill make it easily :)
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While it's snowing in the Northeast, there's plenty of heat down the diagonal; Death Valley reached 113 today, for instance, while Phoenix hit 105, tying that city's all-time high temperature record for April. Las Vegas reached 99, also tying its hottest April temp.

According to the SPC, the Big April 2012 Florida Severe Weather Event didn't amount to much; no tornadoes and no hail have yet been reported in the state, and fewer than a dozen wind reports were submitted.
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1587. nigel20
Quoting belizeit:
The worst i felt was 7.3 so this was nothing to that . I see a lot of people felt this and from quite a distance to considering it was only a 5.1

The last time Jamaica had anything close to that was 1907 when most of Kingston was destroyed
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It was quite foggy this morning in Brisbane, Australia.

Member Since: July 6, 2010 Posts: 113 Comments: 32802
Quoting VAbeachhurricanes:


psh not even close... a c+ the physics is terrible and the cgi makes things look extremely fake.

You try making a completely fake movie look real with tsunamis, earthquakes, and volcanoes. :)
Member Since: July 6, 2010 Posts: 113 Comments: 32802
Quoting TropicalAnalystwx13:
Fake or not, 2012 was an excellent movie.

A is my grade for it.


psh not even close... a c+ the physics is terrible and the cgi makes things look extremely fake.
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Quoting MAweatherboy1:

The East Pac could have 25 storms this year

I doubt it will be that active...maybe in the order of 18-20 storms.
Member Since: July 6, 2010 Posts: 113 Comments: 32802
1582. LargoFl
after the joplin twister
Member Since: August 6, 2011 Posts: 4 Comments: 42045
1581. KEEPEROFTHEGATE (Mod)
Member Since: July 15, 2006 Posts: 178 Comments: 55978
1580. KEEPEROFTHEGATE (Mod)
RIS commence
Member Since: July 15, 2006 Posts: 178 Comments: 55978
Quoting nigel20:

I've been in a few M5.0
The worst i felt was 7.3 so this was nothing to that . I see a lot of people felt this and from quite a distance to considering it was only a 5.1
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1578. LargoFl
Member Since: August 6, 2011 Posts: 4 Comments: 42045
1577. nigel20
Quoting MAweatherboy1:

The East Pac could have 25 storms this year

I think that would be dependent on a moderate to strong el nino
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1499 ScottLincoln I'd be very skeptical of such claims or hypotheses (it is erroneously called a theory) of tsunami debris causing the 2012 North American heatwave or even changing weather in a statistically significant way. Much more evidence would need to be presented, including putting this area of debris in context with previous known events, before this could become more than a very speculative, weakly substantiated hypothesis.

I agree with your points. My quibble was specificly with the misuse of 'pseudoscientific' and 'theory'.
On the other hand, within my memory...
...nobody had ever made such a speculation before. And so no evidence had been gathered, no models had been made for similar previous events. Thus airing the idea might have been useful in spurring folks to gather that kind of data this time around for use in later modeling studies.
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1575. Patrap

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1574. Patrap
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1573. LargoFl
going to get a bit nasty up there i guess when this low gets there.............SHORT TERM FORECAST
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE MOUNT HOLLY NJ
842 PM EDT SUN APR 22 2012

DEZ001-MDZ008-NJZ009-010-012>020-026-027-PAZ067>0 71-230330-
NEW CASTLE-CECIL-HUNTERDON-SOMERSET-MIDDLESEX-WESTERN MONMOUTH-
EASTERN MONMOUTH-MERCER-SALEM-GLOUCESTER-CAMDEN-
NORTHWESTERN BURLINGTON-OCEAN-COASTAL OCEAN-
SOUTHEASTERN BURLINGTON-CHESTER-MONTGOMERY-BUCKS-DELAWARE-
PHILADELPHIA-
INCLUDING THE CITIES OF...WILMINGTON...ELKTON...FLEMINGTON...
SOMERVILLE...NEW BRUNSWICK...FREEHOLD...SANDY HOOK...TRENTON...
PENNSVILLE...GLASSBORO...CAMDEN...CHERRY HILL...MOORESTOWN...
MOUNT HOLLY...JACKSON...LONG BEACH ISLAND...
WHARTON STATE FOREST...WEST CHESTER...NORRISTOWN...DOYLESTOWN...
MEDIA...PHILADELPHIA
842 PM EDT SUN APR 22 2012

.NOW...
RAIN WILL CONTINUE THROUGH 11 PM. ANYWHERE BETWEEN ONE-QUARTER
INCH AND ONE INCH OF RAIN IS FORECAST BETWEEN 845 PM AND 11 PM,
WHICH WOULD BRING RAINFALL AMOUNTS FOR THE EVENT SO FAR TO THE
TWO INCH RANGE. TEMPERATURES WILL BE IN THE UPPER 40S TO NEAR 50.
WINDS WILL BE FROM THE NORTHEAST AT 15 TO 25 MPH WITH GUSTS OF 30
TO 40 MPH.

$$
Member Since: August 6, 2011 Posts: 4 Comments: 42045
One severe thunderstorm in the entire country today...

BULLETIN - EAS ACTIVATION REQUESTED
SEVERE THUNDERSTORM WARNING
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE RENO NV
559 PM PDT SUN APR 22 2012

THE NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE IN RENO HAS ISSUED A

* SEVERE THUNDERSTORM WARNING FOR...
WEST CENTRAL CHURCHILL COUNTY IN WEST CENTRAL NEVADA...
THIS INCLUDES THE CITY OF FALLON...

* UNTIL 645 PM PDT

* AT 552 PM PDT...FALLON NAVAL AIR STATION REPORTED A SEVERE
THUNDERSTORM PRODUCING DAMAGING WINDS NEAR 60 MPH. THIS STORM WAS
LOCATED NEAR FALLON...AND MOVING NORTH AT 10 MPH.

* LOCATIONS AFFECTED INCLUDE...FALLON.

PREPARE NOW FOR HIGH WINDS...HAIL...HEAVY RAIN AND DEADLY LIGHTNING.
DURING A SEVERE THUNDERSTORM...SEEK SHELTER INSIDE A STURDY STRUCTURE
AND STAY AWAY FROM WINDOWS.

THIS STORM HAS DEVELOPED VERY QUICKLY...AND WILL PRODUCE A BURST OF
HIGH WINDS...HAIL...HEAVY RAIN...AND FREQUENT CLOUD TO GROUND
LIGHTNING. AREAS OF BLOWING DUST MAY RAPIDLY REDUCE VISIBILITIES TO
BELOW ONE MILE. SEEK SAFE SHELTER...AND STAY AWAY FROM WINDOWS AND
GLASS DOORS.

LAT...LON 3971 11892 3968 11861 3936 11870 3938 11893
TIME...MOT...LOC 0058Z 187DEG 11KT 3946 11880

$$

JHW




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1570. nigel20
Quoting TropicalAnalystwx13:

It was a magnitude 5.1.
Quoting WxGeekVA:


Earthquake Details

This event has been reviewed by a seismologist.

Magnitude 5.1
Date-Time

Monday, April 23, 2012 at 00:20:40 UTC
Sunday, April 22, 2012 at 06:20:40 PM at epicenter
Time of Earthquake in other Time Zones

Location 15.866°N, 89.182°W
Depth 57.2 km (35.5 miles)
Region GUATEMALA
Distances 64 km (39 miles) WNW of Puerto Barrios, Guatemala
124 km (77 miles) NNE of Chiquimula, Guatemala
200 km (124 miles) NE of GUATEMALA, Guatemala
1130 km (702 miles) ESE of MEXICO CITY, D.F., Mexico
Location Uncertainty horizontal +/- 16.2 km (10.1 miles); depth +/- 9.3 km (5.8 miles)
Parameters NST=360, Nph=363, Dmin=287.2 km, Rmss=0.75 sec, Gp=112°,
M-type=regional moment magnitude (Mw), Version=A
Source

Magnitude: USGS NEIC (WDCS-D)
Location: USGS NEIC (WDCS-D)

Event ID usc00099n2

I've been in a few M5.0
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Jeff co-founded the Weather Underground in 1995 while working on his Ph.D. He flew with the NOAA Hurricane Hunters from 1986-1990.

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