March 2012: warmest in U.S. history

By: Dr. Jeff Masters , 2:12 PM GMT on April 10, 2012

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Not only was March 2012 the warmest March in the U.S. since record keeping began in 1895, it was also the second most extreme month for warmth in U.S. history, said NOAA yesterday, in their monthly "State of the Climate" report. The average temperature of 51.1°F was 8.6 degrees above the 20th century average for March, and 0.5°F warmer than the previous warmest March in 1910. Of the more than 1,400 months that have passed since the U.S. weather records began in 1895, only one month--January 2006--had a larger departure from its average temperature than March 2012. A remarkable 25 states east of the Rockies had their warmest March on record, and an additional 15 states had a top-ten warmest March. Only four states were cooler than average, with Alaska being the coldest (tenth coldest March on record.)


Figure 1. Temperature rankings for March 2012 in the Contiguous U.S. Twenty five states set records for warmest March in the 118-year records (red colors.) Image credit: NOAA.

March 2012: most daily records broken of any month since July 1936
A wunderground analysis of weather records from NOAA's National Climatic Data Center temperature record database reveals that more daily high temperature records were broken in March in 2012 than for any month except July 1936, going back at least 100 years. Fully 11.3% of all daily high temperature records for the month of March in the U.S. are now held by the year 2012, for the 550 stations in NOAA's National Climatic Data Center database that have weather records extending back at least 100 years. The only month in U.S. history holding a higher percentage of daily temperatures records is July 1936. That month holds 14.4% of all the U.S. high temperature records for the month of July. That month occurred in the great Dust Bowl summer of 1936, the hottest summer in U.S. history.



Summer in March 2012: records not merely smashed, but obliterated
Among the 15,000 daily records for warmth set in March 2012 were 21 truly astonishing ones: cases where the low temperature for the day beat the previous high temperature for the day. It is quite rare for a weather station with a 50+ year period of record to break a daily temperature record by more than 10°F. During "Summer in March, 2012", beating daily records by 10° - 20°F was commonplace, and NOAA lists 44 cases where a daily record was broken by more than 22°F. Extraordinarily, four stations broke a record for the date by 30°F or more. Canada holds the most surreal record of this nature during the "Summer in March, 2012" heat wave: Western Head, Nova Scotia hit 29.2°C (85°F) on March 22, breaking their previous record for the date (10.6°C in 1969) by 18.6°C (33.5°F.) Canada also had several stations break their all-time warmest April temperature records in March.



Last 3 months and 12 months were the warmest on record
The previous 12-month period (April 2011 -March 2012), which includes the second hottest summer (June-August) and fourth warmest winter (December-February), was the warmest such period for the contiguous United States. The year-to-date period (January - March) was also the warmest on record. NOAA's U.S. Climate Extremes Index, an index that tracks the highest 10 percent and lowest 10 percent of extremes in temperature, precipitation, and drought, was 39 percent, nearly twice the long-term average and the highest value on record for the January - March period. The predominant factor was the large area experiencing extremes in warm daily maximum and minimum temperatures.

Analyzing the "Summer in March, 2012" heat wave
Dr. Martin Hoerling of NOAA's Earth System Research Laboratory in Boulder has posted a thorough analysis of the heat wave, which he calls, "Meteorological March Madness 2012". He explains that the event was probably a natural phenomenon, one that was predicted more than a month in advance by NOAA's long-range CFS model. A similar, though not as intense heat wave occurred in March 1910. However, he notes that the approximate 0.5 - 1°C warming in the Ohio Valley/Midwest U.S. in recent decades--due to human-caused emission of heat trapping gases like carbon dioxide--has significantly increased the odds of major heat waves occurring. He speculates that the odds of a 1-in-40 year heat wave in the Midwest may have increased by about 50% due to human-caused global warming, but that we really don't know how much global warming may have increased the odds of the March 2012 heat wave, saying "This issue of estimating reliable statistics of extreme, rare events continues to be a matter of active research." He estimates that human-caused global warming likely increased the intensity of the March 12 - 23, 2012 heat wave by about 5 - 10%, and concludes by saying, "The probability of heatwaves is growing as [human-caused] warming continues to progress. But there is always the randomness."

Jeff Masters

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Quoting AussieStorm:
Was it a 8.7 followed by a 8.2 aftershock or 2 separate quakes?

Magnitude: 8.7 Mw
431 km (268 miles) SW (216 degrees) of Banda Aceh, Sumatra, Indonesia

Magnitude: 8.2 Mw
615 km (382 miles) SSW (211 degrees) of Banda Aceh, Sumatra, Indonesia

Almost 114miles a part.


I just heard that they might be 2 seperate quakes and not an aftershock.
Member Since: October 26, 2011 Posts: 0 Comments: 2651
Quoting RTSplayer:


16ft 3 inches

Suppose it's moving 50mph as it moves on shore...

As high as the ceiling of the second floor of a house.

About a third to half-way up the walls of the second floor in an typical office building.


Although the buildings will be on shore above sea level, so maybe the real water level on land in the houses and buildings is probably still over the first floor's ceiling.


A tsunami can travel at well over 970 kph (600 mph) in the open ocean - as fast as a jet flies. It can take only a few hours for a tsunami to travel across an entire ocean. A regular wave (generated by the wind) travels at up to about 90 km/hr

Not 50mph.
Member Since: October 26, 2011 Posts: 0 Comments: 2651
Was it a 8.7 followed by a 8.2 aftershock or 2 separate quakes?

Magnitude: 8.7 Mw
431 km (268 miles) SW (216 degrees) of Banda Aceh, Sumatra, Indonesia

Magnitude: 8.2 Mw
615 km (382 miles) SSW (211 degrees) of Banda Aceh, Sumatra, Indonesia

Almost 114miles a part.
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One day we may see something like this in LA,CA or any city along the west coast of the US.



Member Since: October 26, 2011 Posts: 0 Comments: 2651
Quoting MAweatherboy1:

5 meters? That's huge... There will be very significant damage with that


16ft 3 inches

I retracted this, I think he is citing a fake source.

The news channels said nothing of the sort, and the tsunami was only a few inches.
Member Since: January 25, 2012 Posts: 33 Comments: 1520
now lookinf at it....I think its fake....no one else has reported it ....hmmmm
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Tsunami fear recedes in India after massive 8.7 quake hits off Indonesia
Member Since: October 26, 2011 Posts: 0 Comments: 2651
Quoting aspectre:
490 percylives: An Icelandic volcano even bigger than the one that shut down European air travel when it erupted in 2010 is showing signs of activity, scientists say. Erratic movements of the surface of the volcano, measured by precise GPS instruments, and bursts of high earthquake activity have been recorded beneath Katla's caldera, researchers said.

Are you sure that those dudes just don't wanna hafta pronounce 'Eyjafjallajokull' over&over again?
Not that I could really blame them.


Katla's a pretty big deal. It's had some epic eruptions in it's geologic history.
Member Since: January 25, 2012 Posts: 33 Comments: 1520
Quoting mig123:
Swedish newspaper ( www.gp.se ) just reported a five meter high wave just arrived at aceh... roads and buildings are destroyed...they have a reporter there

5 meters? That's huge... There will be very significant damage with that
Member Since: February 11, 2012 Posts: 82 Comments: 7623
Quoting mig123:
Swedish newspaper ( www.gp.se ) just reported a five meter high wave just arrived at aceh... roads and buildings are destroyed...they have a reporter there
wow.. nice catch.. you monitor Swedish news often?
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I bet the farmers in the Midwest have taking a beating lately as it seems there have been freeze warnings up there for days now.



WindChills
Member Since: October 26, 2011 Posts: 0 Comments: 2651
Yikes! Look at all of the freeze watches & warnings all the way to the SE US coast. Very rare to see this type of cold air in Mid April!

Member Since: October 26, 2011 Posts: 0 Comments: 2651
Swedish newspaper ( www.gp.se ) just reported a five meter high wave just arrived at aceh... roads and buildings are destroyed...they have a reporter there
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Phuket Airport in Thailand has closed as a precaution after Tsunami warning.
Thailand Govt has issued Evacuation warning for people around Phuket after 8.6 quake in Indonesia.

‎1.06m off shore wave has been measured off Meulaboh, Indonesia
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490 percylives: An Icelandic volcano even bigger than the one that shut down European air travel when it erupted in 2010 is showing signs of activity, scientists say. Erratic movements of the surface of the volcano, measured by precise GPS instruments, and bursts of high earthquake activity have been recorded beneath Katla's caldera, researchers said.

Are you sure that those dudes just don't wanna hafta pronounce 'Eyjafjallajokull' over&over again?
Not that I could really blame them.
Member Since: August 21, 2007 Posts: 0 Comments: 4860
Australia is not on Tsunami watch as directed by BOM and GeoScience Australia.

Thai News TV(Not in english)
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An Acehnese woman with a child tries to stop a car to go to higher ground shortly after a powerful earthquake hit the western coast of Sumatera. Photo: Getty Images.

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Acehnese people try to go to higher ground after a powerful earthquake hit the western coast of Sumatera in Banda Aceh.. Photo: Getty Images.

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Member Since: July 6, 2010 Posts: 113 Comments: 31502
It doesn't seem anything new on Katla though, same stuff we've heard for the last two years. Until it starts having consistent tremors, not much to worry about.

You'd think it was the most dangerous volcano in Europe the amount of times it gets mentioned.

Quoting Neapolitan:
Well, fourth; don't forget the 2005 8.6 aftershock to the 2004 main quake.


Okay, that one too.
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Quoting Cotillion:
Prayers to those affected. Third massive quake in that area in just eight years (2004, 2007, 2012).
Well, fourth; don't forget the 2005 8.6 aftershock to the 2004 main quake.
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Quoting percylives:
And on the other side of the world it might be a good idea to get your air travel to Europe in ASAP or be prepared for delays. From RSOE EDIS:

An Icelandic volcano even bigger than the one that shut down European air travel when it erupted in 2010 is showing signs of activity, scientists say. Erratic movements of the surface of the volcano, measured by precise GPS instruments, and bursts of high earthquake activity have been recorded beneath Katla's caldera, researchers said. Both are possible signs that magma has risen to shallower depths beneath the caldera, they said. While the eruption of Eyjafjallajokull left millions of travelers stranded across Europe and cost airlines an estimated $200 million a day for six days, signs of high activity beneath the much larger, neighboring Katla caldera are a possible sign of an impending eruption that could be more dangerous, Andy Hooper at the Delft University of Technology in the Netherlands said. Historically, Katla has erupted on average of every 60 years but has not had a significant eruption since 1918, Hooper said. Also, he said, eruptions of Eyjafjallajokull in 1821-23 and 1612 were followed within months by eruptions of Katla, and Katla's 1918 eruption produced five times as much ash as the 2010 Eyjafjallajokull one.



Super. I have Flights from Berlin to Norway, France and Italy next month.
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It's kind of ironic how we were watching videos in my Earth Science class yesterday about megathrusts and in the video someone said "It could happen tomorrow".
Member Since: July 6, 2010 Posts: 113 Comments: 31502
And on the other side of the world it might be a good idea to get your air travel to Europe in ASAP or be prepared for delays. From RSOE EDIS:

An Icelandic volcano even bigger than the one that shut down European air travel when it erupted in 2010 is showing signs of activity, scientists say. Erratic movements of the surface of the volcano, measured by precise GPS instruments, and bursts of high earthquake activity have been recorded beneath Katla's caldera, researchers said. Both are possible signs that magma has risen to shallower depths beneath the caldera, they said. While the eruption of Eyjafjallajokull left millions of travelers stranded across Europe and cost airlines an estimated $200 million a day for six days, signs of high activity beneath the much larger, neighboring Katla caldera are a possible sign of an impending eruption that could be more dangerous, Andy Hooper at the Delft University of Technology in the Netherlands said. Historically, Katla has erupted on average of every 60 years but has not had a significant eruption since 1918, Hooper said. Also, he said, eruptions of Eyjafjallajokull in 1821-23 and 1612 were followed within months by eruptions of Katla, and Katla's 1918 eruption produced five times as much ash as the 2010 Eyjafjallajokull one.

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Prayers to those affected. Third massive quake in that area in just eight years (2004, 2007, 2012).
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Aftershock of 8.2 reported near the original 8.6 quake. 3.5 foot water rise reported near northwest coast of Sumatra (Meulaboh).
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Quoting MAweatherboy1:

Are you sure they weren't referring to the initial quake?


He said aftershock..
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Is this a megathrust?... because the after shock happened a little down the fault line as if it ripped open? I dont know much about these but I know that megathrust happen for a kilometers along a fault.
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PTWC just issued a bulletin putting the aftershock at 8.3 and saying a 3.5 foot (potentially very destructive to low lying areas) tsunami wave has been generated
Member Since: February 11, 2012 Posts: 82 Comments: 7623
Quoting ncstorm:


GMA said 8.8?

Are you sure they weren't referring to the initial quake?
Member Since: February 11, 2012 Posts: 82 Comments: 7623
Quoting MAweatherboy1:

8.8 would be larger than the first event


well thats what he said..I guess he didnt have his coffee this morning?
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Quoting ncstorm:


GMA said 8.8?
The USGS says 8.2...
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Quoting Neapolitan:
An 8.2 aftershock just reported in the same area; shallower, but even farther from shore.


GMA said 8.8?
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Quoting ncstorm:
8.8 aftershock..I hope everyone has made it to higher ground

8.8 would be larger than the first event
Member Since: February 11, 2012 Posts: 82 Comments: 7623
8.8 aftershock..I hope everyone has made it to higher ground
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Quoting Neapolitan:
An 8.2 aftershock just reported in the same area.

That could easily generate a separate tsunami
Member Since: February 11, 2012 Posts: 82 Comments: 7623
just heard on the news, they got a phone call from indonesia, he said it hast hit there yet
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An 8.2 aftershock just reported in the same area; shallower, but even farther from shore.
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Tsunami travel time...

If a significant one was generated, it would just be reaching india right now. I expect it would be a while until any ground reports came in.

Link



Also... it's kind of insane that that same fault has produced nearly two 9.0 quakes in just over 7 years.
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TSUNAMI WARNING for Sumatra, AndamanIslands, Thailand, SriLanka, and India
11Apr2012 8:38:38amGMT magnitude8.6earthquake at 2.348n93.073e and a depth of 33kilometres

~272miles(437kilometres)SouthWest of BandaAceh,Indonesia (where 167thousand people lost their lives and many more were injured by the Great IndianOcean Earthquake&Tsunami of 2004)
and ~834miles(1340kilometres)EastSouthEast of Panama,SriLanka (where 35thousand lost their lives to that tsunami)
The lone red dot is the epicenter of the magnitude9.1quake of 2004
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Quoting LargoFl:
same here, that first wave may just be a precursor to a much bigger one


no please
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Quoting aislinnpaps:
My thoughts and prayers to any if there is a Tsunami.
same here, that first wave may just be a precursor to a much bigger one
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I'll pray for all of those..


000
WEIO21 PHEB 111014
TSUIOX

TSUNAMI BULLETIN NUMBER 003
PACIFIC TSUNAMI WARNING CENTER/NOAA/NWS
ISSUED AT 1014Z 11 APR 2012

THIS BULLETIN IS FOR ALL AREAS OF THE INDIAN OCEAN.

... AN INDIAN-OCEAN-WIDE TSUNAMI WATCH IS IN EFFECT ...

A TSUNAMI WATCH IS IN EFFECT FOR

INDONESIA / INDIA / AUSTRALIA / SRI LANKA / MYANMAR / THAILAND /
MALDIVES / UNITED KINGDOM / MALAYSIA / MAURITIUS / REUNION /
SEYCHELLES / OMAN / PAKISTAN / SOMALIA / MADAGASCAR / IRAN /
UAE / YEMEN / COMORES / MOZAMBIQUE / KENYA / TANZANIA /
CROZET ISLANDS / BANGLADESH / KERGUELEN ISLANDS / SOUTH AFRICA /
SINGAPORE

THIS BULLETIN IS ISSUED AS ADVICE TO GOVERNMENT AGENCIES. ONLY
NATIONAL AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT AGENCIES HAVE THE AUTHORITY TO MAKE
DECISIONS REGARDING THE OFFICIAL STATE OF ALERT IN THEIR AREA AND
ANY ACTIONS TO BE TAKEN IN RESPONSE.

AN EARTHQUAKE HAS OCCURRED WITH THESE PRELIMINARY PARAMETERS

ORIGIN TIME - 0839Z 11 APR 2012
COORDINATES - 2.3 NORTH 93.1 EAST
LOCATION - OFF W COAST OF NORTHERN SUMATRA
MAGNITUDE - 8.7 (USGS 8.6)

MEASUREMENTS OR REPORTS OF TSUNAMI WAVE ACTIVITY

GAUGE LOCATION LAT LON TIME AMPL PER
------------------- ----- ------ ----- --------------- -----
DART 23401 8.9N 88.5E 0956Z 0.03M / 0.1FT 06MIN
MEULABOH ID 4.1N 96.1E 0950Z 0.27M / 0.9FT 14MIN
SABANG ID 5.8N 95.3E 0956Z 0.31M / 1.0FT 08MIN

LAT - LATITUDE (N-NORTH, S-SOUTH)
LON - LONGITUDE (E-EAST, W-WEST)
TIME - TIME OF THE MEASUREMENT (Z IS UTC IS GREENWICH TIME)
AMPL - TSUNAMI AMPLITUDE MEASURED RELATIVE TO NORMAL SEA LEVEL.
IT IS ...NOT... CREST-TO-TROUGH WAVE HEIGHT.
VALUES ARE GIVEN IN BOTH METERS(M) AND FEET(FT).
PER - PERIOD OF TIME IN MINUTES(MIN) FROM ONE WAVE TO THE NEXT.

NOTE - DART MEASUREMENTS ARE FROM THE DEEP OCEAN AND THEY
ARE GENERALLY MUCH SMALLER THAN WOULD BE COASTAL
MEASUREMENTS AT SIMILAR LOCATIONS.
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Wed, 11 Apr 2012, 11:37 GMT+3 - US
The Reuters news agency, quoting an official at a tsunami warning center, has reported the total vertical measurement of the tsunami wave, according to monitoring gauges, was 35 cm (13.8 inches), making the height 17 cm (6.7 inches).

"It doesn't look like a major tsunami," Victor Sardina, a geophysicist on duty at the Hawaii-based Pacific Tsunami Warning Centre said. "But we are still monitoring as tsunamis come in waves."
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My thoughts and prayers to any if there is a Tsunami.
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SteveDa1 writes:

What's even more frightening is that if everyone was educated enough to realize how much gibberish is coming out of these denialists mouths then we would probably have already taken action. Then again, if everyone was educated enough there wouldn't be any denialists!!

Da Comrade! We must round them up and and take them all to the "re-education" camps! Then and only then will the true path be revealed!
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If the quake remains at 8.6, it will be tied as the seventh strongest worldwide since 1900.
Quoting Doppler22:


Im not exactly sure of the size but I just heard from TWC that a tweet came in saying that a tsunami had been confirmed and could have devastated coastlines already so since Indonesia is the closest country i have a feeling thats what they were talking about
The PTWC's template alert says the following:

SEA LEVEL READINGS INDICATE A TSUNAMI WAS GENERATED. IT MAY ALREADY HAVE BEEN DESTRUCTIVE ALONG SOME COASTS.

That tweet sounds like a misreading of that bit of text.

Now, the PTWC says a 17 centimeter (6.5 inch) tsunami will affect Thailand. Half a foot will cause localized damage, but this is not a repeat of 2004.
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Quoting MAweatherboy1:

Link?
I know a small tsunami is confirmed but where did you hear it devastated Indonesia?


Im not exactly sure of the size but I just heard from TWC that a tweet came in saying that a tsunami had been confirmed and could have devastated coastlines already so since Indonesia is the closest country i have a feeling thats what they were talking about
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Quoting Doppler22:
BREAKING NEWS:::::::
There are reports that sea levels in the area have indicated that a Tsunami has been generated and has most likely already devastated parts of Indonesia and should reach Thailand around 7:40 ET

Link?
I know a small tsunami is confirmed but where did you hear it devastated Indonesia?
Member Since: February 11, 2012 Posts: 82 Comments: 7623
BREAKING NEWS:::::::
There are reports that sea levels in the area have indicated that a Tsunami has been generated and has most likely already devastated parts of Indonesia and should reach Thailand around 7:40 ET
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Jeff co-founded the Weather Underground in 1995 while working on his Ph.D. He flew with the NOAA Hurricane Hunters from 1986-1990.

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