The March 2 - 3 tornado outbreak: one EF-4, 39 deaths

By: Dr. Jeff Masters , 2:40 PM GMT on March 05, 2012

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A blanket of snow 2 - 4 inches deep fell yesterday on the regions of Southern Indiana and Northern Kentucky pounded by deadly tornadoes on Friday, adding to the misery of survivors. The violent tornado rampage killed 39 and injured hundreds more, wreaking property damage that will likely exceed $1 billion. Hardest hit were Kentucky and Southern Indiana, which suffered 21 and 12 dead, respectively. Three were killed in Ohio, and one each in Alabama and Georgia. The scale of the outbreak was enormous, with a preliminary total of 139 tornadoes touching down in eleven states, from southern Ohio to Northern Florida. The National Weather Service issued 297 tornado warnings and 388 severe thunderstorm warnings. At one point, 31 separate tornado warnings were in effect during the outbreak, and an area larger than Nebraska--81,000 square miles--received tornado warnings. Tornado watches were posted for 300,000 square miles--an area larger than Texas.


Video 1. Spectacular video of the EF-4 tornado that devastated Henrysville and Marysville, Indiana on March 2, 2012. You can see small satellite vorticies rotating on the side of the main vortex.


Video 2. Another video of the EF-4 tornado that devastated Henrysville and Marysville, Indiana on March 2, 2012, taken from a gas station.

The deadliest and most violent tornado: an EF-4
The deadliest and most violent tornado of the March 2, 2012 outbreak was an EF-4 with winds up to 175 mph that demolished much of Henryville, Chelsea, Marysville, and New Pekin, Indiana. Ten minutes after that tornado demolished much of Henryville, a weaker EF-1 tornado hit the town. The twin tornadoes killed twelve people. The Henryville tornado was the only violent EF-4 tornado of the outbreak.



Figure 1. Radar reflectivity image (top) and Doppler velocity image (bottom) of the two tornadoes that hit Henryville, Indiana on March 2, 2012. The first (rightmost) hook echo on the reflectivity image belonged to the only violent tornado of the outbreak, an EF-4 with winds of 166 - 200 mph. Ten minutes after that tornado demolished much of Henryville, a second tornado hit the town. These tornadoes also caused severe damage to the towns of Chelsea, Marysville, and New Pekin, and killed twelve people.

At least eleven other tornadoes in the outbreak have been classified as EF-3s with winds of 136 - 165 mph. Capitalclimate.com reports that the EF-3 tornadoes that crossed three Eastern Kentucky counties were the first tornadoes that strong ever observed, since tornado records began in 1950. The deadliest of the EF-3 tornadoes hit West Liberty, Kentucky, killing eight. Here's a summary of the deadly tornadoes of the outbreak taken from Wikipedia:

EF-4, 12 deaths, Henrysville, Indiana
EF-3, 8 deaths, West Liberty, Kentucky\
EF-2, 5 deaths, East Bernstadt, Kentucky
EF-3, 4 deaths, Crittenden, Kentucky
EF-3, 2 deaths, Holton, Indiana
EF-3, 3 deaths, Peach Grove, Ohio
EF-3, 2 deaths, Blaine, Kentucky
EF-3, 2 deaths, Salyersville, Kentucky
EF-2, 1 death, Jackson's Gap, Alabama


Figure 2. Damage in West Liberty, Kentucky after the March 2, 2012 EF-3 tornado. Image taken from from a Kentucky National Guard Blackhawk helicopter, while landing in West Liberty, KY (Morgan County).


Figure 3. Radar image of the West Liberty, Kentucky EF-3 tornado of March 2, 2012, showing a classic hook echo. The tornado carved a 60-mile-long path through Eastern Kentucky, causing extreme damage in West Liberty. The tornado killed six in West Liberty and two near Frenchburg. At least 75 people were injured. It was the first EF-3 tornado in Eastern Kentucky since 1988.


Video 3. A woman prays for deliverance of West Liberty as the ominous wall cloud of the developing tornado approaches the town.

Incredibly fast-moving storms
The speed with which some of the storms moved was truly exceptional, thanks to jet stream winds of up to 115 mph that pushed the thunderstorms forward at amazing speeds. A number of the tornadoes ripped through Kentucky with forward speeds of 70 mph, and two tornado warnings in Central Kentucky were issued for parent thunderstorms that moved at 85 mph. NWS damage surveys have not yet determined if one of the tornadoes from the outbreak has beaten the record for the fastest moving tornado, the 73 mph forward speed of the great 1925 Tri-State Tornado, the deadliest U.S. tornado of all-time.


Video 4. A family gets in their car in an attempt to flee the Borden, Indiana tornado of March 2, 2012. Unless you know what you're doing, fleeing a tornado in a car can be extremely dangerous, especially when the tornadoes are moving at speeds of 50 - 70 mph, as many were doing during the March 2, 2012 outbreak. Most tornado fatalities occur in mobile homes and cars.

Largest 5-day and 2nd largest 2-day tornado outbreak for so early in the year?
The March 2 tornado outbreak spawned 128 tornadoes, according to preliminary reports as of 8 am EST March 7 from NOAA's Storm Prediction Center. An additional 11 tornadoes (preliminary) touched down on March 3, in Florida and Georgia; 3 additional tornadoes touched down on March 1 (Wikipedia does a great job tallying the stats for this tornado outbreak.) These preliminary reports are typically over-counted by 15%, but a few delayed reports will likely come in, bringing the total number of tornadoes from the March 2 - 3 outbreak to 115 - 125, propelling it into second place for the largest two-day tornado outbreak so early in the year. The top five two-day tornado outbreaks for so early in the year, since record keeping began in 1950:

January 21 - 22, 1999: 129 tornadoes, 4 deaths
March 2 - 3, 2012: 139 tornadoes (preliminary), 39 deaths
February 5 - 6, 2008: 87 tornadoes, 57 deaths
February 28 - March 1, 1997: 60 tornadoes, 10 deaths
January 7 - 8, 2008: 56 tornadoes, 4 deaths

Though the 36 tornadoes that occurred during the February 28 - 29 Leap Day outbreak were part of a separate storm system, the five-day tornado total from February 28 - March 3, 2012 is likely to eclipse the late January 18 - 22, 1999 five-day tornado outbreak (131 tornadoes) as the most prolific five-day period of tornado activity on record for so early in the year.


Figure 4. A key ingredient for tornado formation is the presence of warm, moist air near the surface, which helps make the atmosphere unstable. On the day of the March 2, 2012 outbreak, record warm air surged northwards into the tornado formation region, setting or tying daily high temperature records at 28 airports in Louisiana, Arkansas, Mississippi, Alabama, Tennessee, Kentucky, and Georgia.

Ingredients for the tornado outbreak
This year's unusually mild winter has led to ocean temperatures across the Gulf of Mexico that are approximately 1°C above average--among the top ten warmest values on record for this time of year, going back to the 1800s. (Averaged over the month of February, the highest sea surface temperatures on record in the Gulf between 20 - 30°N, 85 - 95°W occurred in 2002, when the waters were 1.34°C above average). Friday's tornado outbreak was fueled, in part, by high instability created by unusually warm, moist air flowing north from the Gulf of Mexico due to the high water temperatures there. This exceptionally warm air set record high temperatures at 28 airports in Louisiana, Arkansas, Mississippi, Alabama, Tennessee, Kentucky, and Georgia the afternoon of the tornado outbreak (March 2.) Cold, dry air from Canada moved over the outbreak region at high altitudes. This created a highly unstable atmosphere--warm, low-density air rising in thunderstorm updrafts was able to accelerate rapidly upwards to the top of the lower atmosphere, since the surrounding air was cooler and denser at high altitudes. These vigorous updrafts needed some twisting motion to get them spinning and create tornadoes. Very strong twisting forces were present Friday over the tornado outbreak area, thanks to upper-level jet stream winds that blew in excess of 115 mph. These winds changed speed and direction sharply with height,imparting a shearing motion on the atmosphere (wind shear), causing the air to spin. High instability and a high wind shear are the two key ingredients for tornado formation.


Figure 5. The other key ingredient for tornado formation is the presence of very strong winds aloft that change speed and direction sharply with height. This change of wind imparts a shearing motion on the atmosphere (wind shear), causing the air to spin. Here, we see the upper-level wind speeds at the peak of the March 2, 2012 tornado outbreak. The jet stream can be seen as the U-shaped belt of strong winds. Jet stream winds in excess of 100 mph (deep blue colors) were present over the tornado outbreak area in this analysis of data from the NOAA North American Model (NAM) from 7 pm EST March 2, 2012. Image credit: NOAA Environmental Visualization Laboratory.

Another bad year for tornadoes in the U.S.--what's going on?
Last year's tornado season was incredibly severe, and we are off to one of the worst early-season starts to tornado season on record now in 2012. However, it is too soon to ring the alarm bells on climate change being responsible for this. The tornado data base going back to 1950 doesn't show an increasing trend in strong tornadoes in recent decades. While climate change could potentially lead to an increase in tornadoes, by increasing instability, it could also decrease them, by decreasing wind shear. I'd need to see a lot more bad tornado years before blaming climate change for the severe tornado seasons of the past two years. One thing that climate change may be doing, though, is shifting the season earlier in the year. The 5-day total of tornadoes from February 28 - March 3 will probably break the record of 131 set in 1999 for the largest tornado outbreak so early in the year. Warmer winters, and an earlier arrival of spring due to a warming climate, will allow tornado season to start earlier--and end earlier. This year's early start to tornado season is consistent with what we would expect from a warming climate. I have a more extensive article on this subject that has just been published by Weatherwise magazine, and a 2008 post, Are tornadoes getting stronger and more frequent? Dr. Jonathan Martin of the University of Wisconsin-Madison is doing interesting research on the type of situation we saw with some of the recent severe tornado outbreaks, when two branches of the jet stream, the polar jet and the subtropical jet, merge to form a "superjet." In a December 2011 interview with sciencedaily.com, he said: "There is reason to believe that in a warmer climate, this kind of overlapping of the jet streams that can lead to high-impact weather may be more frequent."

I don't see any storm systems coming over the next 10 days that could cause a major tornado outbreak, though March weather is too volatile to forecast reliably that far in advance. There is a storm system expected to develop on Thursday in the Plains we will have to watch, but so far, indications are that it will not be capable of generating a major tornado outbreak.

Portlight disaster relief charity responds to the tornado disaster
The Portlight disaster relief charity reports that volunteers from colleges and churches made a strong showing in tornado-devastated Harrisburg, Illinois on Sunday. Team Rubicon and Portlight will push east to Indiana, where volunteer work is still restricted because of gas leaks and continuing SAR (search and rescue) operations.

I'll edit this post with new stats on the tornado outbreak as they become available, and have an entirely new post on Wednesday.

Jeff Masters

Tornado (JimAtTn)
This picture of a small tornado was taken on Friday March 02, 2012 in southern Lincoln County, Tennessee about 7 miles south of Fayetteville. Photographer: Angela Currey-Echols
Tornado
3/2/12 Tornado (charles7013)
A tornado in Dodsen Brach TN.
3/2/12 Tornado
High Risk (LightningFastMedia)
Rotating wall cloud and a possible funnel yesterday, north of Evansville, IN.
High Risk
tornado damage 3/2/12 (clerese3)
3/2/12 tornado damage to a business I pass on my way to and from work. This was a beautiful brick building.
tornado damage 3/2/12
Tornado Damage - TN (GeorgiaPeach)
I uploaded this photo once already and it was rejected for having the wrong date. I explained before, but I will explain again. The tornado came through March 2nd but I had just gotten out of the hospital, so I didn't get out to take pictures of the damage until today. This is five miles from my house in Hamilton County, TN.
Tornado Damage - TN

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Quoting TropicalAnalystwx13:

Winter came and went (2011 Halloween nor'easter - October 28 to November 1) before it started (December 22, 2011).


Most of the Oaks here in C FL are full of leaves already which is something you don't see until the very end of March. Also of note my St. Augustine grass is fully green which normally doesn't happen until the end of March or early April. We've even hit 90 already this year (not once but several times) which is extremely early as well.
Member Since: October 26, 2011 Posts: 0 Comments: 2651
Quoting WxGeekVA:
Breaking News: Henry Margusity Fan Club on Facebook declares winter over East of the Rockies!!!

Now we can get prepared for severe weather over the next few months....

Winter came and went (2011 Halloween nor'easter - October 28 to November 1) before it started (December 22, 2011).
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I am a little optimistic over the chances of Severe Weather across Eastern Texas tomorrow. Soundings across SPC's Slight risk area show that there will be a moderately-strong CAP and little instability for storms to fire on. Additionally, the WRF doesn't really show anything besides rain across East Texas tomorrow. It does however show some heavier thunderstorms across Eastern Oklahoma.



Either way, tomorrow will not be a significant event.
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Breaking News: Henry Margusity Fan Club on Facebook declares winter over East of the Rockies!!!

Now we can get prepared for severe weather over the next few months....
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Member Since: October 26, 2011 Posts: 0 Comments: 2651
Quoting KeyWestSun:

You ever stroll on up to the Isle of Palms?


every once in a while...usually stay on the Folly Beach side of the harbor, though
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Quoting trunkmonkey:


Good for you!

also on a side,note, downtown Henryville looks like a farmers market with all the stuff being given away from good citizens.

These people don't need stuff, they need CASH, MONEY!

Please if you donate, make it money,that's what they need so so badly!


one of the things we do is give people cash cards...it has worked really well...the 'stuff' thing can be a nightmare if it's not strategic
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Quoting pcbhere:
My adult son and I are volunteering this weekend for clean-up duty in Henryville. I wanted to take my 11 year old granddaughter to help. Do you all think that this would be a good experience for her or too traumatic?


Good for you!

also on a side,note, downtown Henryville looks like a farmers market with all the stuff being given away from good citizens.

These people don't need stuff, they need CASH, MONEY!

Please if you donate, make it money,that's what they need so so badly!
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pretty strong 945mb low.
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Quoting redwagon:
The Uncertainty drifts back to certainty. Now the forecast is 30-30-50-70-60-50 up from last night's 0-0-20-40-20-0-0-0.

This is an important forecast: Texas agriculture, drinking water and tourism depends on it, after last year's extended stay in hell.

In fact it's hard misting right now with a 'clear' current conditions forecast.
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Good morning.
Tropical Cyclone 16S has formed... It's forecast to stay over open waters while making Cat 1/ Cat 2 intensity.
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Quoting KoritheMan:
Well, here it is. My first real attempt at a severe weather blog. Hope you enjoy, and criticism (friendly or otherwise) is welcome!
I like it.. now if you could put together a 5 day severe forecast you'd probably get some decent traffic.
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Quoting KoritheMan:
Well, here it is. My first real attempt at a severe weather blog. Hope you enjoy, and criticism (friendly or otherwise) is welcome!
The Uncertainty drifts back to certainty. Now the forecast is 30-30-50-70-60-50 up from last night's 0-0-20-40-20-0-0-0.

This is an important forecast: Texas agriculture, drinking water and tourism depends on it, after last year's extended stay in hell.
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Very nice Severe Weather Blog, K-Man, much like something Dr. Master's would create, himself. I'm a bit more worried about the late weekend in the Arklatex, myself, but that's more of a feeling than anything clinically determined.

Well done, and good luck with that in the future, hopefully. :-)

Jo
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Well, here it is. My first real attempt at a severe weather blog. Hope you enjoy, and criticism (friendly or otherwise) is welcome!
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Quoting Seawall:


Thanks for the assessment of the event. Looks like quite a bit of rain here on the La/Tx border.


Rain if nothing else, yeah. Though as I said, severe potential should remain marginal, especially in that area.

I figure I know enough about severe weather at this point to give forecasting it a shot. I may not be as good with it as I am with hurricanes, but whatever.
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Quoting KoritheMan:
Based on the models and synoptic data over the lower 48, it appears that there is a slight (15%) chance for severe weather across the Arklatex region on Thursday as a positively tilted upper trough now seen on water vapor imagery approaching west Texas moves eastward. Most of the storms will likely initiate during the day. Based on what appear to be largely unidirectional lower- to middle tropospheric wind profiles, I doubt we'll see much in the way of tornadoes, much less the violent ones of March 2. Damaging winds and large hail will be the primary threats.

On that note, I might start my own severe weather blog just like I do with hurricanes. I get too bored during the off-season to just lounge around waiting on the first named storm.


Thanks for the assessment of the event. Looks like quite a bit of rain here on the La/Tx border.
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Based on the models and synoptic data over the lower 48, it appears that there is a slight (15%) chance for severe weather across the Arklatex region on Thursday as a positively tilted upper trough now seen on water vapor imagery approaching west Texas moves eastward. Most of the storms will likely initiate during the day. Based on what appear to be largely unidirectional lower- to middle tropospheric wind profiles, I doubt we'll see much in the way of tornadoes, much less the violent ones of March 2. Damaging winds and large hail will be the primary threats.

On that note, I might start my own severe weather blog just like I do with hurricanes. I get too bored during the off-season to just lounge around waiting on the first named storm.
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751. Skyepony (Mod)
Tropical storm Irina has killed at least 65 people in Madagascar, mostly on the southeastern end of the island, according to reports Tuesday. Tens of thousands in Madagascar are also homeless after the storm - the second lethal one this year - and three people are missing, according to authorities. Infrastructure also was heavily damaged on the world's fourth largest island, located in the Indian Ocean off Africa's southeastern coast. The storm also lashed the eastern coast of South Africa over the weekend causing damage to property and pounded Mozambique, where several people died. Last month, another storm, Cyclone Giovanna, killed at least 36 people and left hundreds of thousands without proper shelter in Madagascar, which suffers from political instability and extreme poverty.
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Looks like the cut off low develops a little more toward Central TX... Please someone jump in and help me if I'm wrong. Just trying to learn here...



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5 day Precip outlook.. It either looks really good, or bad, dependent on your need/lack of for rain!
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Thousands of spiders spun a field of new webs to escape floodwaters in Wagga Wagga, NSW.
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NSW of warned more wild weather

NSW is bracing itself for some wild weather later today, which is expected to bring heavy rain, flash flooding and damaging waves to the coast.

The Bureau of Meteorology's latest weather warning issued at 4.16pm today states that a low pressure system will deepen in the Tasman Sea later today and move towards the NSW coast bringing heavy rain, flash flooding and damaging waves to the southern half of the NSW coast.

Rain and thunderstorms are forecast to increase later Wednesday afternoon or evening about coastal parts of the Metropolitan, South Coast, Illawarra and Hunter forecast district south of Newcastle . Localised heavy rain may lead to flash floods.

Locations which may be affected include Sydney, Gosford, Wyong, Wollongong and Batemans Bay. The area around Wollongong and the nearby adjacent escarpment is particularly at risk.

9mm fell since 9am at Vincentia on the South Coast.

Very heavy surf will develop early Thursday morning and may lead to localised damage and coastal erosion about the South Coast and Illawarra forecast districts.

Beach conditions in these areas could be dangerous and people should stay well away from the surf and surf exposed areas.

The system is expected to move away from the region later on Thursday.

Flood Warnings remains current for several rivers. Refer to www.bom.gov.au/nsw/warnings for current flood information.
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Hawaii governor declares disaster



HAWAII'S governor has declared a disaster for two islands after three days of relentless rains caused flooding and a sewage spill on Kauai, where officials are dealing with tree-blocked roads, closed schools and dangerous surf.

Governor Neil Abercrombie's declaration includes Oahu, where a brown water advisory was issued after two manholes overflowed and wastewater flowed into the ocean. There were also warnings of possible hail, lightning, rockslides and water-clogged roads.

Kauai schoolchildren were kept home yesterday. A school was functioning as an emergency shelter, where 33 people spent the night Monday. The Hawaii chapter of the Red Cross said more than 50 others spent the night at three other shelters.

State workers in Honolulu yesterday continued to remove floating rubbish from the debris trap at the entrance to the Ala Wai small boat harbour. Cleanup began Monday after the weekend rains washed large amounts of rubbish into the Ala Wai canal.

The National Weather Service issued a flash flood watch for Kauai, Niihau, Oahu as well as the islands of Lanai, Maui and Molokai. It lifted a flash flood warning that had been in place for Kauai and Oahu.
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Current Solar Activity and Heliospheric Solar Energetic Particle (SEP) Conditions

with running 48 hour loop

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LATEST SECCHI BEACON IMAGES

Shown here are the latest SECCHI beacon images. The STEREO space weather beacon telemetry mode is a very low rate, highly compressed data stream broadcast by the spacecraft 24 hours per day. These data are used for space weather forecasting. Because of the large compression factors used, these beacon images are of much lower quality than the actual science data.
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Uploaded by ve3en1 on Mar 6, 2012

Here is a Full Disk movie by SDO showing the massive X5.4 Solar Flare this evening.

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NOAA Space Weather Scale for Solar Radiation Storms
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Updated 3/7/2012 @ 04:34 UTC
Sudden Solar Wind Increase / Aurora Watch
In perhaps another developing story, the Solar Wind is showing a sudden increase from 360 km/s to 440 km/s and the IMF is currently tilting sharply south. This is a glancing blow impact from an earlier CME. A Geomagnetic Sudden Impulse measuring 20 nT was detected at 04:27 UTC. Be on the lookout for Aurora at high latitudes. G1 Geomagnetic Storming may soon be possible.

NOAA / Space Weather Prediction Center
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Quoting hurricanehunter27:
Have yet to look at what effects a CME would have on earth. If anyone can guess what would happen if the Earth took a direct hit from a CME?


Depends on the strength. Usually communication disruptions, satellite issues, etc. from moderately strong CME's. Really strong CME's can overload power grids, cause blackouts, and/or knock out satellites (rare).

Also strong CMEs produce stronger auroras. Some can get pretty far south with a good pulse.
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solar activity wall.
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earlier this evening before the X5.4

NOAA Solar Report - [SIDC Report]

Prepared jointly by the U.S. Dept. of Commerce, NOAA,
Space Weather Prediction Center and the U.S. Air Force.

Updated Mar 06 2200 UTC

Joint USAF/NOAA Report of Solar and Geophysical Activity
SDF Number 066 Issued at 2200Z on 06 Mar 2012

IA. Analysis of Solar Active Regions and Activity from 05/2100Z
to 06/2100Z: Solar activity was high. There were five M-class x-ray
events during the past 24 hours, all from Region 1429 (N17E31). The
largest event was an M2/1n 06/1241Z. None of these events was
associated with a CME that would be expected to be geoeffective.
Region 1429 dominates the disk in area (about 1010 millionths), and
exhibited growth during the period. The trailer portion showed the
most development but has separated a bit from the main cluster of
spots. The central portion is magnetically complex and shows
multiple deltas as well as strong shear along a pair of east-west
polarity inversion lines. Region 1428 (S17E08) also showed some
growth during the period (area of 280 millionths) but is simple
magnetically and was relatively quiet.

IB. Solar Activity Forecast: Solar activity is expected to be
moderate. Additional M-class events from Region 1429 are likely.
There is also a chance for a major flare and/or proton producing
event from Region 1429 during the next three days (07-09 March).

IIA. Geophysical Activity Summary 05/2100Z to 06/2100Z:
The geomagnetic field ranged from quiet to active levels with
isolated minor storm periods at high latitudes. ACE solar wind
measurements of the interplanetary magnetic field showed steady
strengthening during the period and there were numerous intervals of
weakly southward Bz. The greater than 10 MeV proton enhancement
continued throughout the period and reached a peak value of 4 PFU at
06/1335Z. The flux appeared to be on a slow declining trend at the
end of the period. The greater than 2 MeV electron flux at
geosynchronous orbit reached high levels during the period.

IIB. Geophysical Activity Forecast: The geomagnetic field is
expected to be unsettled to active with a chance for minor storm
periods during the next 24 hours (07 March). The increase in
activity is expected due to combined effects from a co-rotating
interaction region with the CME that occurred on 04 March
(associated with the M2 x-ray event). Later in the day additional
effects are expected due to a glancing blow from the full halo CME
associated with the X1 x-ray event that occurred on 05 March.
Predominantly unsettled levels with a chance for active periods are
expected for the second day (08 March) as effects from the
anticipated disturbance should diminish. Predominantly quiet levels
are expected for the third day (09 March).

III. Event Probabilities 07 Mar-09 Mar
Class M 80/80/80
Class X 30/30/30
Proton 30/30/30
PCAF green


[Latest and Full Report]
Member Since: July 3, 2005 Posts: 426 Comments: 128636
X5.4 is about, well the highest in quite some time.


Major X5.4 Solar Flare

The second strongest solar flare of Cycle 24 in terms of X-Ray Flux, just peaked around Active Sunspot 1429.

www.solarham.com

This major event measured X5.4 at 00:24 UTC and triggered a strong R3 Level Radio Blackout. A coronal mass ejection will likely result and due to the sunspots more geoeffective position, there will be a chance for some sort of impact. Stay Tuned to SolarHam.com for images, video and more details should a CME be produced. Remember, You can also follow the latest updates on SolarHam Facebook and by clicking "LIKE"


CME UPDATE: A bright Coronal Mass Ejection (CME) is now seen in the new STEREO Behind COR2 images. High energy proton levels are now on the rise and a radiation storm is imminent. Video Presentation of the solar flare is now below.

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Quoting Patrap:


Pat, I can't tell if you're posting that seriously or as a joke.
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proton flux continues to rise


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Quoting OracleDeAtlantis:
It looks like a fun year ahead, for the sky watchers of wisdom. Here kitty, kitty ...





Action:
Quote
| Ignore User


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uhhhh, what?
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Quoting OracleDeAtlantis:
It looks like a fun year ahead, for the sky watchers of wisdom. Here kitty, kitty ...

So when does the movie start? I got my popcorn.
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.
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It looks like a fun year ahead, for the sky watchers of wisdom. Here kitty, kitty ...



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Quoting SPLbeater:
night all
G,nite SPL
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Quoting bappit:
Can see that area of subsidence on the TPW from CIMSS. Not as dry as the other satellite pic indicates.
Looks very active in the S.W.Indian Ocean.
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night all
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Quoting BahaHurican:
I gotta admit I'm kinda tired of Irina now... and I'll bet those pple who got soaked in Mozambique are too...

Later, all. I'm off to bed.
G,nite Baha.
Member Since: September 27, 2007 Posts: 1 Comments: 21412
Quoting SPLbeater:
TC irina down to 35kt, gues it aint gon complete its loop.

Sad, because its changed so much since i wrote my blog if you were to read my blog for first time tonight the forecast infomation would be completely wrong.

stinkin Irina...lol
I gotta admit I'm kinda tired of Irina now... and I'll bet those pple who got soaked in Mozambique are too...

Later, all. I'm off to bed.
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Have yet to look at what effects a CME would have on earth. If anyone can guess what would happen if the Earth took a direct hit from a CME?
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Quoting TropicalAnalystwx13:

500 mb. winds



Surface temperatures:



Moisture:



Instability:



Sounding:

doesn't look as impressive as the march 2nd deal. But it's 312hrs out anyway, so it doesn't really matter
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Is all that clutter around the SE radars fog or something?

Also, my barometer has risen again to a new record of 30.65 (0.01 higher then previous record for today lol)
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Can see that area of subsidence on the TPW from CIMSS. Not as dry as the other satellite pic indicates.
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TC irina down to 35kt, gues it aint gon complete its loop.

Sad, because its changed so much since i wrote my blog if you were to read my blog for first time tonight the forecast infomation would be completely wrong.

stinkin Irina...lol
Member Since: August 4, 2011 Posts: 46 Comments: 4486
Quoting TropicalAnalystwx13:

Well, as in, amazing/unheard of for March.
So are you saying somthing greater than or equal to the March 2nd event?
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Jeff co-founded the Weather Underground in 1995 while working on his Ph.D. He flew with the NOAA Hurricane Hunters from 1986-1990.