4 out of 5 Americans affected by weather-related disasters since 2006, study finds

By: Dr. Jeff Masters , 5:55 PM GMT on February 20, 2012

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Since 2006 , federally declared weather-related disasters in the United States have affected counties housing 242 million people--or roughly four out of five Americans. That's the remarkable finding of Environment America, who last week released a detailed report on extreme weather events in the U.S. The report analyzed FEMA data to study the number of federally declared weather-related disasters. More than 15 million Americans live in counties that have averaged one or more weather-related disasters per year since the beginning of 2006. Ten U.S. counties--six in Oklahoma, two in Nebraska, and one each in Missouri and South Dakota--have each experienced ten or more declared weather-related disasters since 2006. South Carolina was the only state without a weather-related disaster since 2006. The report did a nice job explaining the linkages between extreme weather events and climate change, and concluded, "The increasing evidence linking global warming to certain types of extreme weather events--underscored by the degree to which those events are already both a common and an extremely disruptive fact of life in the United States--suggests that the nation should take the steps needed now to prevent the worst impacts of global warming and to prepare for the changes that are inevitably coming down the road."




Figure 1. County-level map of federally-declared weather-related disasters between 2006 - 2011. Tornadoes and severe thunderstorms in the Midwest, and heavy rains and snows from Nor'easters, hurricanes, and other storms in the Northeast gave those two regions the most disaster declarations. An interactive version of this map that allows one to click and see the individual disasters by county is on the Environment America website.

Jeff Masters

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Quoting SPLbeater:


dont quote the troll, that isnt Stormtracker2K. there is an l where the t is supposed to be


Good catch SPL.
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It even snowed here a couple of Christmas's ago.

Link



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Quoting hurricanejunky:


What is it running in the Keys now? Thinking of a trip down soon...


3.71 in Islamorada
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Well, since it is National Margarita Day and my neighbor has this killer blender...

Link

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887. Skyepony (Mod)
Quoting kipperedherring:
Thank god you're back! Tazmaniac is predicting an El Nino and lulling everyone on the east coast into a false sense of security. What should we do?


Post ESPI #s & graph..

ESPI made a huge surge toward positive then lost ground. Back to -.63 & been there near 2 weeks now.

Looking at the anomalies per region it looks like a raging El Nino is emanate with the heat coming on fast from east to west..

But wait.. the T-depth anomaly shows the situation..a bit of heat working it's way across the surface over cold. This isn't a true ocean belching heat El nino coming from the deep.



The heat from the surface of the southern Hemisphere is really making it's way to the ESNO region.

I kinda like the dynamical average here (yellow line), maybe a little slower between there & NASA's maybe(blue squares). The way it's being swept in from the south over such cold, leaves a lower certainty than usual..
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I beleive i is hungry agin.

back l8r
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Quoting SPLbeater:


up here in C NC, tha gas is round 3.50 per gallon:/


Running $3.65 here...
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Quoting hurricanejunky:


What is it running in the Keys now? Thinking of a trip down soon...


up here in C NC, tha gas is round 3.50 per gallon:/
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Quoting JNCali:
a train collision at only 16 mph causing 49 people to die and 600 injuries.. 16 mph! Link


Injury is caused by instantaneous acceleration, not velocity or average acceleration.

If the train came to a full stop while everyone else in the on-board reference frame kept moving forward and hit the seats in front of them, they'd experience only an average of 7.11 m/s^2 acceleration if the collision happened over a period of 1 second.

However, that's not how it works. The energy is distributed in a fraction of a second, a few hundredths of a second or less, which can produce maybe 70g of instantaneous acceleration, which is what breaks bones, impales, and crushes internal organs, etc,
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Quoting Neapolitan:
F=ma


You got WUmail...
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Quoting kwgirl:
It's probably here in the Keys. Our gas is always more expensive than Miami.


What is it running in the Keys now? Thinking of a trip down soon...
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Quoting JNCali:
Heard gas is almost $6 a gallon in parts of FL.. hope it's not where you are!
Quoting ILwthrfan:


Also, if the sun rises tomorrow gas companies fear prices could rise yet even more....


dont quote the troll, that isnt Stormtracker2K. there is an l where the t is supposed to be
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Checking out that convective outlook ...

A GRADUAL NORTHWARD RETURN OF MID 50S TO NEAR 60S SURFACE DEW POINTS...NOW PRESENT ACROSS EAST TEXAS INTO THE LOWER MISSISSIPPI VALLEY...MAY OCCUR...BUT GENERALLY NOT BEFORE CAPPING ELEVATED MIXED LAYERS OVERSPREAD WHAT WILL BECOME THE WARM SECTOR OF THE DEVELOPING CYCLONE. WITH THE PRIMARY MID-LEVEL COLD CORE AND FORCING FOR UPWARD VERTICAL MOTION EXPECTED TO REMAIN DISPLACED TO THE NORTHWEST OF THE WARM SECTOR...WEAK CAPE AND THE LACK OF STRONGER DEEP LAYER LIFT SEEM LIKELY TO SUBSTANTIALLY REDUCE THE OVERALL SEVERE STORM POTENTIAL FROM WHAT IT COULD BE IF A POTENTIALLY UNSTABLE AIR MASS WAS ALREADY PRESENT OVER THE MID SOUTH AND GULF STATES.
Member Since: May 18, 2006 Posts: 10 Comments: 6061
Quoting JNCali:
Heard gas is almost $6 a gallon in parts of FL.. hope it's not where you are!
It's probably here in the Keys. Our gas is always more expensive than Miami.
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Quoting JNCali:
a train collision at only 16 mph causing 49 people to die and 600 injuries.. 16 mph! Link
F=ma
Member Since: November 8, 2009 Posts: 4 Comments: 13549
Quoting SlormTracker2K:


If this drought gets any worse here in C FL then yeah we'll have $6 gas. ~RastaSteve


Also, if the sun rises tomorrow gas companies fear prices could rise yet even more....
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Quoting SlormTracker2K:
GFS shows some drought relief for C FL, this is good news for us folks here in Wekiva Springs. NWS Melbourne seems to think so as well.
Heard gas is almost $6 a gallon in parts of FL.. hope it's not where you are!
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Quoting Xyrus2000:


You mean turn into a modern day North Korea by tanking our economy and alienating the rest of the world?

What ARE they teaching in schools these days? We are NOT self-sufficient, nor can we be. Our entire infrastructure depends on cheap energy, which would vanish in a flash if the rest of the world collectively embargoed our butts back to the stone age.

A little perspective can do wonders.


if you would have kept reading you would have seen my next post that said "i hope you know i was kidding"
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872. wxmod
China sharing the wealth with Japan (and the rest of the world)
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870. MahFL
Quoting hydrus:
These old jets can still wax some tail...Especially when placed in more than capable hands.


Wern't they mothballed and replaced by more fuel efficient Super Hornets ?
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Pilot Capt. Dale Snodgrass does a fly-by of a carrier in the F-14 exhibited at Wings Over Miami.

Variable Exhaust Nozzles on the F-14 Tomcat exhaust nozzles are nicknamed Turkey Feathers.
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Quoting hydrus:
This jet is really moving..


i see 100kts over me.

sufficient VWS, i would say!
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Quoting Patrap:
The F-14 first flew in December 1970 and made its first deployment in 1974 with the U.S. Navy aboard USS Enterprise (CVN-65), replacing the McDonnell Douglas F-4 Phantom II.


before i began interest in the weather, i was interested in the US Navy.

Although my favorite jet comes from the USAF, The F-15E Eagle. not one shot down in aerial combat!

Favorite Aircraft carrier is the USS Enterprise. 8 nuclear reactors...0.o
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DAY 2 CONVECTIVE OUTLOOK
NWS STORM PREDICTION CENTER NORMAN OK
1129 AM CST WED FEB 22 2012

VALID 231200Z - 241200Z

...THERE IS A SLGT RISK OF SVR TSTMS LATE THURSDAY/THURSDAY NIGHT
ACROSS PARTS OF THE LOWER OHIO AND TENNESSEE VALLEYS INTO THE GULF
STATES...

...SYNOPSIS...
MODELS MAY BE COMING IN BETTER AGREEMENT CONCERNING A STRONG
MID-LEVEL JET STREAK NOW DIGGING INLAND ACROSS THE PACIFIC
NORTHWEST...AND ITS INFLUENCE ON A CLOSED LOW CURRENTLY CUT-OFF FROM
THE STRONGER WESTERLIES...NEAR THE BAJA SPUR. IT NOW APPEARS MOST
PROBABLE THAT AN INITIAL SHORT WAVE TROUGH WILL TURN EAST SOUTHEAST
OF THE NORTHERN ROCKIES BY 12Z THURSDAY...AND CONTRIBUTE TO STRONG
SURFACE CYCLOGENESIS EAST OF THE MIDDLE MISSOURI VALLEY THROUGH THE
LOWER GREAT LAKES REGION BY 12Z FRIDAY...AS AN UPSTREAM IMPULSE DIGS
THROUGH THE CENTRAL ROCKIES. IT IS THIS LATTER FEATURE THAT MIGHT
FINALLY CONTRIBUTE TO A MORE RAPID EASTWARD ACCELERATION OF THE BAJA
LOW...BUT THE LOW STILL MIGHT NOT PROGRESS EAST OF THE GULF OF
CALIFORNIA INTO THE MEXICAN PLATEAU UNTIL LATE IN THE PERIOD.

DESPITE SOME GREATER CERTAINTY CONCERNING THE PATTERN EVOLUTION
...THE SEVERE POTENTIAL FOR THURSDAY REMAINS RATHER UNCERTAIN. THE
MOISTENING BOUNDARY LAYER OVER THE GULF OF MEXICO /WITH UPPER
60S...LOWER 70S SURFACE DEW POINTS/ CONTINUES TO DEEPEN...BUT
LOW-LEVEL FLOW ACROSS MUCH OF THE SOUTH CENTRAL AND SOUTHEAST HAS
DEVELOPED A SIGNIFICANT WESTERLY COMPONENT...AND LITTLE SIGNIFICANT
BACKING IS EXPECTED TO OCCUR THROUGH THIS PERIOD. A GRADUAL
NORTHWARD RETURN OF MID 50S TO NEAR 60S SURFACE DEW POINTS...NOW
PRESENT ACROSS EAST TEXAS INTO THE LOWER MISSISSIPPI VALLEY...MAY
OCCUR...BUT GENERALLY NOT BEFORE CAPPING ELEVATED MIXED LAYERS
OVERSPREAD WHAT WILL BECOME THE WARM SECTOR OF THE DEVELOPING
CYCLONE. WITH THE PRIMARY MID-LEVEL COLD CORE AND FORCING FOR
UPWARD VERTICAL MOTION EXPECTED TO REMAIN DISPLACED TO THE NORTHWEST
OF THE WARM SECTOR...WEAK CAPE AND THE LACK OF STRONGER DEEP LAYER
LIFT SEEM LIKELY TO SUBSTANTIALLY REDUCE THE OVERALL SEVERE STORM
POTENTIAL FROM WHAT IT COULD BE IF A POTENTIALLY UNSTABLE AIR MASS
WAS ALREADY PRESENT OVER THE MID SOUTH AND GULF STATES. STILL...THE
PRESENCE OF A SHEARED AND STRONG DEEP LAYER MEAN FLOW FIELD...AREAS
WITH RATHER LARGE CLOCKWISE CURVED LOW-LEVEL HODOGRAPHS...AND
POCKETS OF AT LEAST WEAK DESTABILIZATION SHOULD BE CONDUCIVE TO SOME
STRONG/SEVERE STORM DEVELOPMENT.

...LOWER OH/TN VALLEYS INTO GULF STATES...
THE INITIATION OF VIGOROUS STORM DEVELOPMENT CURRENTLY SEEMS MOST
PROBABLE LATE THURSDAY AFTERNOON...FROM THE NORTHEAST
ARKANSAS/MISSOURI BOOTHEEL/WESTERN TENNESSEE REGION INTO THE LOWER
OHIO VALLEY. WITHIN AN AXIS OF STRONGER WARM SECTOR/PRE-COLD
FRONTAL HEATING...MIXED LAYER CAPE ON THE ORDER OF 500 J/KG APPEARS
POSSIBLE...AS LIFT INCREASES ON THE SOUTHERN FRINGE OF STRONGER
MID-LEVEL FORCING. AIDED BY INCREASING FRONTAL FORCING BENEATH
STRONGLY DIFLUENT HIGH LEVEL FLOW...UPSCALE CONVECTIVE GROWTH INTO A
SQUALL LINE IS POSSIBLE...AS CONVECTION ADVANCES SOUTHEASTWARD
TOWARD THE CENTRAL/SOUTHERN APPALACHIANS AND UPPER TENNESSEE VALLEY
THROUGH THURSDAY NIGHT. ISOLATED SUPERCELLS MAY NOT BE OUT OF THE
QUESTION WITHIN AND JUST AHEAD OF THE LINE...ACCOMPANIED BY
POTENTIAL FOR LARGE HAIL AND TORNADOES...IN ADDITION TO THE RISK FOR
STRONG DAMAGING WIND GUSTS. ADDITIONAL STRONG/SEVERE STORM
DEVELOPMENT IS POSSIBLE ALONG THE FRONT AS IT ADVANCES SOUTHWARD
INTO THE LOWER MISSISSIPPI VALLEY AND UPPER TEXAS COASTAL
AREAS...PERHAPS DEEP SOUTH TEXAS...THURSDAY NIGHT.

..KERR.. 02/22/2012
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a train collision at only 16 mph causing 49 people to die and 600 injuries.. 16 mph! Link
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Had a couple of cells greet us this morning.. no hail.. but heard there was some the next town over.. Still a couple layers of clouds overhead and chance of something popping up this afternoon.. we'll see what happens..
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This jet is really moving..
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Quoting ChillinInTheKeys:


Turkey Feathers!!!
Chicken lips.
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Quoting hydrus:
These old jets can still wax some tail...Especially when placed in more than capable hands.


Turkey Feathers!!!
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Quoting Patrap:
Global Climate Change: The Vital Signs of a Planet



What a well laid-out and easy to read site. NASA did a great job with this.
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Quoting Patrap:
The F-14 first flew in December 1970 and made its first deployment in 1974 with the U.S. Navy aboard USS Enterprise (CVN-65), replacing the McDonnell Douglas F-4 Phantom II.
These old jets can still wax some tail...Especially when placed in more than capable hands.
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The F-14 first flew in December 1970 and made its first deployment in 1974 with the U.S. Navy aboard USS Enterprise (CVN-65), replacing the McDonnell Douglas F-4 Phantom II.
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Quoting trunkmonkey:


I loved that movie, back when F-14's were new, now their in mothballs!

Shows how old we all are!
I still enjoy that movie. Amazing that Kirk Douglas is still with us. born 1916.
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Quoting Patrap:
Global Climate Change: The Vital Signs of a Planet

good site there, ty for posting it, I am glad they ARE studying the ice loss and NASA has the right tools to do it
Member Since: August 6, 2011 Posts: 4 Comments: 39048
.
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Misanthrope - re your post # 623 - It is true you did not say we entered the war to help Europe, but you implied we did so ...and you are correct WWII did increase the GDP, sadly all wars do - but the war related increases generally disappear when the war is over, the economy returns to pre-war conditions... what saved our bacon was the fact that after the war, we were the only manufacturing country left standing, we had no competition from anyone, everything else had been bombed into rubble....and there was a substantial amount of rebuilding requiring manufacturing, and guess who had the facilities...I did not ignore your post, only have an opportunity every now and then to get online...
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Quoting Jeff9614:
Dude i'm StormTracker2K, sorry i have multiple handles.


Can't help wondering if that somehow enhances your experience here at the wu.

***

The new Day 1 Convective Outlook is out.
Member Since: April 29, 2006 Posts: 154 Comments: 18710
The HRRR is forecasting thunderstorms to start popping around 6 PM EST in the slight risk area
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Quoting hydrus:
Looks like the the time warp tunnel from the movie The Final Countdown.


I loved that movie, back when F-14's were new, now their in mothballs!

Shows how old we all are!
Member Since: August 18, 2007 Posts: 0 Comments: 582
Quoting Neapolitan:
And yet a third spelling of that particular sockpuppet! Come profondamente ossessionata! Si tratta di una persona rara che esibisce tale gelosia!




deeply obsessed! This is a loved one who performs this
Member Since: August 18, 2007 Posts: 0 Comments: 582
Quoting StormTracker2K:


?? What who are you?
Quoting StormTracker2K:


I only have one handle Hydrus. I have no clue who this troll is. If you quote him then that's your fault.
Quoting StormTracker2K:
Back to work again so I'll be back this evening as it appears trolls are on the loose.


?I?m??c?o?n?f?u?s?e?d
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Back to work again so I'll be back this evening as it appears trolls are on the loose.
Member Since: October 26, 2011 Posts: 0 Comments: 2651
Cosmic Hurricane: Black Hole Has 20 Million MPH Winds
SPACE.com Staff Date: 21 February 2012 Time: 04:49 PM ET


Scientists have measured the fastest winds yet observed from a stellar-mass black hole, shedding light on the behavior of these curious cosmic objects.

The winds, clocked by astronomers using NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory, are racing through space at 20 million mph (32 million kph), or about 3 percent the speed of light. That's nearly 10 times faster than had ever been seen from a stellar-mass black hole, researchers said.

"This is like the cosmic equivalent of winds from a Category 5 hurricane," study lead author Ashley King, of the University of Michigan, said in a statement. "We weren't expecting to see such powerful winds from a black hole like this."

A stellar-mass black hole, which is born when an extremely massive star collapses, typically contains about five to 10 times the mass of our sun. The stellar-mass black hole powering this super wind is known as IGR J17091-3624, or IGR J17091 for short.

IGR J17091 is a binary system in which a sun-like star orbits a black hole. It's found in the central bulge of our Milky Way galaxy, about 28,000 light-years from Earth.

IGR J17091's wind matches some of the fastest generated by supermassive black holes, which are millions or billions of times more massive. Supermassive black holes are thought to reside at the heart of most if not all active galaxies, including our own Milky Way.

"It's a surprise this small black hole is able to muster the wind speeds we typically only see in the giant black holes," said co-author Jon Miller, also from the University of Michigan. "In other words, this black hole is performing well above its weight class."

Another surprising finding from the new study is that the wind, which comes from a disk of gas surrounding the black hole, may be blasting more material into space than the black hole is capturing.

"Contrary to the popular perception of black holes pulling in all of the material that gets close, we estimate up to 95 percent of the matter in the disk around IGR J17091 is expelled by the wind," King said.

Unlike hurricane winds on Earth, the wind from IGR J17091 is blowing in many different directions at once. This pattern distinguishes it from a jet, in which material flows in focused beams perpendicular to a black hole's disk, often at nearly the speed of light.

Jets have been seen coming from IGR J17091 before. But observations made with the National Radio Astronomy Observatory's Expanded Very Large Array in New Mexico showed that a radio jet from the system was not present when the super-fast wind was blowing.

This agrees with observations of other stellar-mass black holes, suggesting that ultra-speedy winds can quash jet production, researchers said.

Scientists estimated IGR J17091's wind speeds using a spectrum made by Chandra in 2011. Observations made by the space telescope two months earlier showed no such winds, meaning the black hole's gale likely switches on and off over time.

Astronomers think that magnetic fields in the accretion disks of black holes are responsible for producing both winds and jets. Characteristics of the magnetic fields and the rate at which material falls toward the black hole are thought to determine whether jets or winds are produced, researchers said.

Follow SPACE.com for the latest in space science and exploration news on Twitter @Spacedotcom and on Facebook.

S

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Quoting hydrus:
Do you have multiple personalities.?..:)


I only have one handle Hydrus. I have no clue who this troll is. If you quote him then that's your fault.
Member Since: October 26, 2011 Posts: 0 Comments: 2651
Quoting Jeff9614:
Dude i'm StormTracker2K, sorry i have multiple handles.


?? What who are you?
Member Since: October 26, 2011 Posts: 0 Comments: 2651

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Jeff co-founded the Weather Underground in 1995 while working on his Ph.D. He flew with the NOAA Hurricane Hunters from 1986-1990.

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