Heartland Institute documents reveal strategy of attacks against climate science

By: Dr. Jeff Masters , 3:15 PM GMT on February 17, 2012

Share this Blog
67
+

Documents illegally leaked from the Heartland Institute, one of the most active groups engaged in attacking the science of climate change, provide an unprecedented look into how these groups operate. The story was broken Tuesday by DeSmogBlog, a website dedicated to exposing false claims about climate change science. The documents reveal that donors to Heartland included oil billionaire Charles Koch, and Heartland has spent several million dollars over the past five years to undermine climate science. Tens of thousands of dollars are slated to go this year to well-known climate contrarians S.Fred Singer, Craig Idso, and Anthony Watts of the Watts Up With That? website. Naturally, the leaked documents have lit up the blogosphere, but none of the revelations are particularly surprising. The U.S. has a very successful and well-funded climate change denial industry, primarily funded by fossil fuel companies, that has spent hundreds of millions of dollars over the past few decades on a PR campaign against climate change science. I made a lengthy post on the subject in 2009 called, The Manufactured Doubt industry and the hacked email controversy. I won't say more here, but getenergysmartnow.com has compiled a long list of blogs that have interesting posts on the Heartland Institute affair for those interested in following this story.



Eight books challenging the Manufactured Doubt industry
Important scientific findings should always be challenged with the goal of finding flaws and improving our scientific understanding. But there's nothing a scientist hates more than to see good science attacked and the reputations of good scientists smeared in name of protecting corporate profits or ideology. A number of scientists have fought back against the recent unfounded assaults on climate change science by publishing books calling attention to the Manufactured Doubt industry's tactics and goals. Anyone priding themselves on being a open-minded skeptic of human-caused global warming should challenge their skepticism by reading one of these works. I thought so highly of Unscientific America, Merchants of Doubt, and Climate Coverup, that I donated 50 copies of these books to undergraduates at the University of Michigan last year. Here's a short synopsis of eight books published in the past three years defending climate change science against the attacks of the Manufactured Doubt industry:

Merchants of Doubt: How a Handful of Scientists Obscured the Truth on Issues from Tobacco Smoke to Global Warming, by Naomi Oreskes and Erik Conway. If you're going to read one book on the attacks on climate science, this should probably be the one--Dr. Oreskes, a history professor at UC San Diego, was voted climate change communicator of the year in 2011. A review of Merchants of Doubt and a video of her defending her book against skeptics is at climateprogress.org, my favorite website for staying current on the politics of climate change. From the review: "Make the journey with them, and you’ll see renowned scientists abandon science, you’ll see environmentalism equated with communism, and you’ll discover the connection between the Cold War and climate denial. And for the most part, you’ll be entertained along the way."

Climate Cover-up: The Crusade to Deny Global Warming, by desmogblog.com co-founders James Hoggan and Richard Littlemore. The main author, James Hoggan, owns a Canadian public relations firm, and is intimately familiar with how public relations campaigns work. It's another fascinating and very readable book.

Unscientific America: How Scientific Illiteracy Threatens our Future, by science writer Chris Mooney. He writes a blog focusing on science communication called the intersection. This is a fantastic book, and should be required reading for all college science majors.

Climate Change Denial: Heads in the Sand, by Haydn Washington and John Cook. John Cook writes for one of my favorite climate science blogs, skepticalscience.com, which focuses on debunking false skeptic claims about climate science. The book does a great job debunking all the classic climate change denial arguments.

Doubt is Their Product: How Industry's Assault on Science Threatens Your Health, by George Washington University epidemiologist David Michaels, who now heads the Occupational Health and Safety Administration (OSHA). This meticulously-researched book has just one chapter on climate change, and focuses more on tobacco and hazardous chemicals. About the the tobacco industry's Manufactured Doubt campaigns, Michaels wrote: "the industry understood that the public is in no position to distinguish good science from bad. Create doubt, uncertainty, and confusion. Throw mud at the anti-smoking research under the assumption that some of it is bound to stick. And buy time, lots of it, in the bargain". The title of Michaels' book comes from a 1969 memo from a tobacco company executive: "Doubt is our product since it is the best means of competing with the 'body of fact' that exists in the minds of the general public. It is also the means of establishing a controversy".

The Hockey Stick and the Climate Wars: Dispatches from the Front Lines, by climate scientist Dr. Michael Mann. Dr. Mann is the originator of the much-debated "hockey stick" graph of global temperatures over the past 1,000 years, which looks like a hockey stick due to the sharp increase in temperatures in recent decades. This book just came out last week, and I hope to write a review on it this spring. Dr. Mann is one of the main contributors to my favorite web site for staying current on climate change research, realclimate.org. John Cook of skepticalscience.com wrote a review, calling it "an eye-opening account of the lengths the opponents of climate science will go to in their campaign to slander climate scientists and distract the public from the realities of human caused global warming."

Fool Me Twice: Fighting the Assault on Science in America by Shawn Lawrence Otto. I haven't had a chance to read this one yet, but it looks interesting. A review by Katherine O’Konski of Climate Science Watch called the book "a fascinating look at the status of science in American society."

The Inquisition of Climate Science, by Dr. James Lawrence Powell, a geochemist with a distinguished career as a college teacher, college president, museum director, and author of books on earth science for general audiences. I haven't read it, but John Cook of skepticalscience.com wrote a review, calling it "a must-read for anyone who wishes to understand the full scope of the denial industry and their modern day persecution of climate science."

Have a great weekend, everyone! I'll be taking a few vacation days next week, and wunderground meteorologist Angela Fritz will probably be doing most of the blogging for me during the coming week.

Jeff Masters

Reader Comments

Comments will take a few seconds to appear.

Post Your Comments

Please sign in to post comments.

or Join

Not only will you be able to leave comments on this blog, but you'll also have the ability to upload and share your photos in our Wunder Photos section.

Display: 0, 50, 100, 200 Sort: Newest First - Order Posted

Viewing: 830 - 780

Page: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21 | 22 | 23 | 24 | 25 | 26 | 27 | 28 | 29 | 30 | 31 | 32Blog Index

Quoting GeorgiaStormz:
Good Night guys, I have to run a 5k tomorrow in the pouring rain.
sounds fun... break a leg! Let us know how you finish!
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting BobWallace:


Not really. Even if Iran manages to build a nuclear bomb or even a few nuclear bombs, they will never rise to the level of being able to match Russia's or the US's number of bombs and delivery missiles.

Iran won't even be a significant danger to Israel, unless the leaders of Iran are willing to let their country be bombed flat and turned into a "Fukushima wasteland".

The danger of Iraq getting a nuclear device is that it somehow gets into the hands of crackpots like those who flew jets into the World Trade Center or blew up the federal building in Oklahoma City.

Iraq's "stuff" with nuclear is mostly about their very insecure government creating an outside enemy so that the people focus on "The Great Satan" rather than on changing their leaders. It's the same horsepoop we see in Venezuela. Get your citizens all worked up over outside enemies and they'll forget what a jerk you are.

We need to switch to EVs and PHEVs, power our rides with our own electricity, and cut these clowns loose. There's no reason why we should allow ourselves to be dragged into their internal affairs.


I heard that the fear is that Iran won't respond the way the Soviets did during heated events like the Cuban missile crisis. 1 nuclear bomb is enough to learn how to make millions. It's that one test that counts. Whether that test be over an Israeli city, in the ocean or in a desert somewhere, it only takes one bomb.

There's also fears that Iran will make countries like Saudi Arabia jealous and make them get nuclear weapons, leading to a whole Cold War style Middle East, just with 4 major players (Israel, Pakistan, SA and Iran).

At this time though, there is no solid evidence of a nuclear bomb in Iran, like in Iraq, so it could what you did mention.

Honestly, best thing at this point is to give Israel back to the Islamic rule. It's causing more problems than it saved, and could very well kill more than 6 million people in the end, and, the Muslim's got it fairly after millions died in the epic fails known as the crusades.
Member Since: November 19, 2010 Posts: 1 Comments: 1286
Good Night guys, I have to run a 5k tomorrow in the pouring rain.
Member Since: February 11, 2012 Posts: 0 Comments: 9727
Quoting Patrap:
Hey, dont write yer self off yet,..


...it's only in your head you feel that way.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting GeorgiaStormz:


The Kiamichi are in the ouchitas:
From Wikipedia - The Kiamichi Mountains are a mountain range in southeastern Oklahoma. A subrange within the larger Ouachita Mountains that extend from Oklahoma to western Arkansas, the Kiamichi Mountains sit within Le Flore, Pushmataha, and McCurtain counties near the towns of Poteau and Albion.


althought tall considering, either way they are foothills and not really tall enough to make a difference meteorologically.
Member Since: August 4, 2010 Posts: 0 Comments: 572
Quoting Barefootontherocks:


Kiamichi (et al) in Oklahoma. The Kiamichi Mountains are ancient. By projecting the existing mountains down to their subsurface roots geologists know that they once stood as tall as the modern-day Rocky Mountains, which are much younger... Due to the restricted nature of land ownership in the region, with much of it owned by the federal government or timber companies, the Kiamichi Mountains remain rustic, rural, economically undeveloped and with few population centers.


The Kiamichi are in the ouchitas:
From Wikipedia - The Kiamichi Mountains are a mountain range in southeastern Oklahoma. A subrange within the larger Ouachita Mountains that extend from Oklahoma to western Arkansas, the Kiamichi Mountains sit within Le Flore, Pushmataha, and McCurtain counties near the towns of Poteau and Albion.
Member Since: February 11, 2012 Posts: 0 Comments: 9727
Quoting WxGeekVA:
0Z NAM says "Screw all of VA, let's give NC the foot of snow


What did you do SPLbeater?
I want the snow, you want the thunder, yet i have the thunder, and you the snow. Life isnt fair:(

Also, that doesn't look so good for Kentucky's winter storm warnings either. kinda slips by them,
Member Since: February 11, 2012 Posts: 0 Comments: 9727
Quoting WxGeekVA:
0Z NAM says "Screw all of VA, let's give NC the foot of snow...."


NAM also says NO to severe weather in North Florida tomorrow morning.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting GeorgiaStormz:


That would be the Ouachita Mountains.
The highest peak in the Ouachitas is Mount Magazine in west-central Arkansas which rises to 2,753 feet (839 m).
They are in the southern part of the strip


Kiamichi (et al) in Oklahoma. The Kiamichi Mountains are ancient. By projecting the existing mountains down to their subsurface roots geologists know that they once stood as tall as the modern-day Rocky Mountains, which are much younger... Due to the restricted nature of land ownership in the region, with much of it owned by the federal government or timber companies, the Kiamichi Mountains remain rustic, rural, economically undeveloped and with few population centers.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting yqt1001:


I'm not very good at finding stereotypes. :P

Well, not good at finding how terrorism = Iran....more like Iran = a new cold war in the making.


Not really. Even if Iran manages to build a nuclear bomb or even a few nuclear bombs, they will never rise to the level of being able to match Russia's or the US's number of bombs and delivery missiles.

Iran won't even be a significant danger to Israel, unless the leaders of Iran are willing to let their country be bombed flat and turned into a "Fukushima wasteland".

The danger of Iraq getting a nuclear device is that it somehow gets into the hands of crackpots like those who flew jets into the World Trade Center or blew up the federal building in Oklahoma City.

Iraq's "stuff" with nuclear is mostly about their very insecure government creating an outside enemy so that the people focus on "The Great Satan" rather than on changing their leaders. It's the same horsepoop we see in Venezuela. Get your citizens all worked up over outside enemies and they'll forget what a jerk you are.

We need to switch to EVs and PHEVs, power our rides with our own electricity, and cut these clowns loose. There's no reason why we should allow ourselves to be dragged into their internal affairs.




Member Since: Posts: Comments:
0Z NAM says "Screw all of VA, let's give NC the foot of snow...."
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting Patrap:
Krewe of Endymion started rolling through Mid-City at 5:30 p.m.

Rains are outta here.

Its 55F with a Brisk NE Wind.







Good news.

Quoting BahaHurican:
On that map that somebody posted about the various tornado alleys, these mountains are pretty obvious; they are in the narrow strip between Dixie alley and Tornado alley proper...


:)
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Showers starting to fill in my radar from the southwest......
Member Since: August 4, 2011 Posts: 46 Comments: 4485
Quoting BahaHurican:
On that map that somebody posted about the various tornado alleys, these mountains are pretty obvious; they are in the narrow strip between Dixie alley and Tornado alley proper...


That would be the Ouachita Mountains.
The highest peak in the Ouachitas is Mount Magazine in west-central Arkansas which rises to 2,753 feet (839 m).
They are in the southern part of the strip
Member Since: February 11, 2012 Posts: 0 Comments: 9727
Bad storms in my area with Tornado's floods hail, makes my job harder, and I don't like to work hard anymore!
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting Barefootontherocks:


You may want to pay a visit to the "Middle." Nothing like seeing a bunch of dryline supercells grow from nothing into huge stormtops. Of course the weather they can produce isn't so fun.

And BTW, E OK and AR have the highest mountains between the Rockies and the Appalachians.
On that map that somebody posted about the various tornado alleys, these mountains are pretty obvious; they are in the narrow strip between Dixie alley and Tornado alley proper...
Member Since: October 25, 2005 Posts: 19 Comments: 22087
Hey, dont write yer self off yet,..
Member Since: July 3, 2005 Posts: 424 Comments: 128270
Member Since: July 3, 2005 Posts: 424 Comments: 128270
Quoting SPLbeater:


why u want hail that totals cars? and tornados that kill people?

I love what i got at the moment...:D



That's the bad part, but ill take it for myself.
Other than the destruction to lives and personal property, storms are the best
Member Since: February 11, 2012 Posts: 0 Comments: 9727
Quoting GeorgiaStormz:
OK sure NC gets plenty of severe weather but i dont want lots of lightning, i want softballsized hail, wedge tornado, etc.

Your outbreaks of last year were record outbreaks, i dont put much faith in you having consistently violent severe weather, it is more sporadic


You may want to pay a visit to the "Middle." Nothing like seeing a bunch of dryline supercells grow from nothing into huge stormtops. Of course the weather they can produce isn't so fun.

And BTW, E OK and AR have the highest mountains between the Rockies and the Appalachians.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Krewe of Endymion started rolling through Mid-City at 5:30 p.m.

Rains are outta here.

Its 55F with a Brisk NE Wind.





Member Since: July 3, 2005 Posts: 424 Comments: 128270
Quoting GeorgiaStormz:
OK sure NC gets plenty of severe weather but i dont want lots of lightning, i want softballsized hail, wedge tornado, etc.

Your outbreaks of last year were record outbreaks, i dont put much faith in you having consistently violent severe weather, it is more sporadic


why u want hail that totals cars? and tornados that kill people?

I love what i got at the moment...:D
Member Since: August 4, 2011 Posts: 46 Comments: 4485
Click image for watch statement
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting uncwhurricane85:


yeah i was just saying, im being stereotypical, which i shouldnt!!


I'm not very good at finding stereotypes. :P

Well, not good at finding how terrorism = Iran....more like Iran = a new cold war in the making.
Member Since: November 19, 2010 Posts: 1 Comments: 1286
OK sure NC gets plenty of severe weather but i dont want lots of lightning, i want softballsized hail, wedge tornado, etc.

Your outbreaks of last year were record outbreaks, i dont put much faith in you having consistently violent severe weather, it is more sporadic
Member Since: February 11, 2012 Posts: 0 Comments: 9727

MESOSCALE DISCUSSION 0132
NWS STORM PREDICTION CENTER NORMAN OK
0705 PM CST SAT FEB 18 2012

AREAS AFFECTED...PARTS OF SRN GA/NRN FL INCLUDING THE PANHANDLE/SERN
AL/FAR SERN LA


CONCERNING...TORNADO WATCH 30...31...

VALID 190105Z - 190200Z

THE SEVERE WEATHER THREAT FOR TORNADO WATCH 30...31...CONTINUES.

A NEW WW WILL LIKELY BE NEEDED TO REPLACE WW 30 BY 19/02Z...AND
EXTEND THE SEVERE WEATHER THREAT POTENTIAL EWD ACROSS MORE OF SRN GA
AND NRN FL
.

REGIONAL RADAR IMAGERY SHOWED A WELL DEFINED QLCS EXTENDING FROM FAR
SERN AL SWWD THROUGH THE WRN FL PANHANDLE
...WHILE ADDITIONAL TSTMS
PERSISTED SWWD ALONG THE TRAILING EXTENT OF THE EFFECTIVE OUTFLOW
BOUNDARY THROUGH FAR SERN PLAQUEMINES PARISH
AND ADJACENT MARINE
ZONES. TRENDS IN RADAR DATA INDICATED AN EWD MOVEMENT OF THE QLCS
AT CLOSE TO 40 KT
. THE NRN EXTENT OF THIS ACTIVITY WILL EXIT WW 30
AROUND 19/02Z.

VWP DATA PER WSR-88DS VERIFIED THE FORECAST PRESENCE OF A LEAD
STRONG /70-85 KT/ WSWLY MIDLEVEL JET EXTENDING FROM SRN SC-SRN GA TO
THE FL PANHANDLE. THESE WINDS COMBINED WITH A STRENGTHENING SSWLY
LLJ /50+ KT/ ALONG AND IN ADVANCE OF THE QLCS WILL SUPPORT STRONG
EFFECTIVE SRH AND BULK SHEAR TO MAINTAIN THE LINEAR STRUCTURE WITH
AN ATTENDANT THREAT FOR DAMAGING WINDS AND TORNADOES. DESPITE WEAK
DOWNSTREAM LAPSE RATES INTO SRN GA/NRN FL
AND RESULTANT MARGINAL
INSTABILITY...THE STRENGTH OF THE KINEMATICS AND PRESENCE OF A WELL
ORGANIZED QLCS WARRANT THE NEED FOR A NEW WW.

..PETERS.. 02/19/2012
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting yqt1001:


Wrong way around. ;) I find it more ironic that the US is enforcing the embargo and gaining world support, while back at home freedoms are being lost as quick as Germany in the 1930s. In fact, in the entire western world, freedoms are being taken away on a daily basis.

Even here in Canada, environmental groups are no longer allowed to freely protest or have a powerful voice.


yeah i was just saying, im being stereotypical, which i shouldnt!!
Member Since: August 4, 2010 Posts: 0 Comments: 572
Quoting uncwhurricane85:


ahahah a terrorist holding that sign is pretty ironic.....


Wrong way around. ;) I find it more ironic that the US is enforcing the embargo and gaining world support, while back at home freedoms are being lost as quick as Germany took away freedoms in the 1930s. In fact, in the entire western world, freedoms are being taken away on a daily basis.

Even here in Canada, some environmental groups are no longer allowed to freely protest or have a powerful voice.
Member Since: November 19, 2010 Posts: 1 Comments: 1286
801. uncwhurricane85
1:35 AM GMT on February 19, 2012
Quoting yqt1001:


That guy makes a good point.

He's also very ironic.


ahahah a terrorist holding that sign is pretty ironic.....
Member Since: August 4, 2010 Posts: 0 Comments: 572
800. yqt1001
1:30 AM GMT on February 19, 2012


That guy makes a good point.

He's also very ironic.
Member Since: November 19, 2010 Posts: 1 Comments: 1286
799. BahaHurican
1:28 AM GMT on February 19, 2012
Quoting SPLbeater:


my grandparents house has a pretty active railroadbelow it bout 500 yards west. i got videos of them traisn on my youtube channel :D
Been through there a couple times on my way to Raleigh... seems like a quiet area. Luckily no tornados when I went by.... lol
Member Since: October 25, 2005 Posts: 19 Comments: 22087
798. SPLbeater
1:20 AM GMT on February 19, 2012
Also, im proud of that big thing sitting in the harbor in Wilmington! the battleship USS North Carolina, BB 55. served in WWII.
Member Since: August 4, 2011 Posts: 46 Comments: 4485
797. SPLbeater
1:18 AM GMT on February 19, 2012
Quoting hydrus:
I was not being smart. I was asking a question. He happens to have a good deal of knowledge on the region.


i know bout my state since i been all over it.


also finding that them geography lessons in 4t grade helped a bit too lol.
Member Since: August 4, 2011 Posts: 46 Comments: 4485
796. uncwhurricane85
1:16 AM GMT on February 19, 2012
Quoting hydrus:
I was not being smart. I was asking a question. He happens to have a good deal of knowledge on the region.


ok sorry!
Member Since: August 4, 2010 Posts: 0 Comments: 572
795. hydrus
1:11 AM GMT on February 19, 2012
Quoting uncwhurricane85:


well since you want to be a smart a** there is the mid atlatic ocean ridge which has very tall mountains below sea level!!! he was just saying N.C. has the highest mountains east of the mississippi
I was not being smart. I was asking a question. He happens to have a good deal of knowledge on the region.
Member Since: September 27, 2007 Posts: 1 Comments: 21193
794. SPLbeater
1:10 AM GMT on February 19, 2012
Quoting KeyWestSun:

haha!


its Mount Mitchell...i been to it. and i took a rock from the top of it. its sitting at home on near my bed.

Here is Lowe's on April 16th 2011
Member Since: August 4, 2011 Posts: 46 Comments: 4485
793. natrwalkn
1:08 AM GMT on February 19, 2012
Quoting KeyWestSun:

NP. You waited TOO long for it. Go enjoy it while it lasts!


Haha, Thanks! I'm 34 but I still turn into a big kid whenever snow is on the way! Ok, gonna try to pull myself away from here for a while. Everyone have fun with whatever weather you've got tonight!
Member Since: August 14, 2008 Posts: 0 Comments: 67
792. SPLbeater
1:08 AM GMT on February 19, 2012
Quoting BahaHurican:
Amtrak goes through Sanford, right?


my grandparents house has a pretty active railroadbelow it bout 500 yards west. i got videos of them traisn on my youtube channel :D
Member Since: August 4, 2011 Posts: 46 Comments: 4485
791. jrweatherman
1:08 AM GMT on February 19, 2012
How dare anyone, group, organization, person, etc. challenge global warming.
Member Since: May 17, 2009 Posts: 0 Comments: 943
790. hydrus
1:08 AM GMT on February 19, 2012
That low over Nebraska will make the forecast very tricky for the next 24 hours.
Member Since: September 27, 2007 Posts: 1 Comments: 21193
789. BahaHurican
1:07 AM GMT on February 19, 2012
Quoting natrwalkn:


Not really thinking about tornadoes right now. Too excited and waiting for the SNOW! I'll check it out later, though.
Wow... snow in G'boro... in Feb.... brings back memories of my first snow... lol
Member Since: October 25, 2005 Posts: 19 Comments: 22087
787. SPLbeater
1:05 AM GMT on February 19, 2012
Quoting natrwalkn:


Sanford, right? I live in Greensboro now but my hometown is Wilmington. I go down to Wilmington quite a bit to see my parents and the rest of my family. Sometimes I take 421 through Sanford to avoid Raleigh traffic on I-40. I am VERY familiar with Horner Blvd. :)


ya i am Sanford. the place where we had an EF3 roar through here and kill 2 people on April 16th, 2011. lost me only Lowe's too lol but it back now
Member Since: August 4, 2011 Posts: 46 Comments: 4485
786. uncwhurricane85
1:05 AM GMT on February 19, 2012
Quoting hydrus:
Home of the tallest mountain east of the Mississippi River..? How many mountains east of the Mississippi are below sea level.?


well since you want to be a smart a** there is the mid atlatic ocean ridge which has very tall mountains below sea level!!! he was just saying N.C. has the highest mountains east of the mississippi
Member Since: August 4, 2010 Posts: 0 Comments: 572
784. BahaHurican
1:04 AM GMT on February 19, 2012
Amtrak goes through Sanford, right?
Member Since: October 25, 2005 Posts: 19 Comments: 22087
783. VAbeachhurricanes
1:04 AM GMT on February 19, 2012


Quoting hydrus:
Home of the tallest mountain east of the Mississippi River..? How many mountains east of the Mississippi are below sea level.?


12
Member Since: September 6, 2007 Posts: 0 Comments: 6494
781. BahaHurican
1:02 AM GMT on February 19, 2012
This is a really weird competition.... lol
Member Since: October 25, 2005 Posts: 19 Comments: 22087
780. natrwalkn
1:02 AM GMT on February 19, 2012
Quoting KeyWestSun:
Good tornado talk guys. Another interesting thing to note is the tally that designated "Dixie Alley" were tornadoes from the time period of 1950-2006. These, therefore, did not include last years deadly, massive, and long-lived twisters in N. Alabama, MS, TN, and GA.

Here's the PDF of that link so you can zoom in:

Link


Not really thinking about tornadoes right now. Too excited and waiting for the SNOW! I'll check it out later, though.
Member Since: August 14, 2008 Posts: 0 Comments: 67

Viewing: 830 - 780

Page: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21 | 22 | 23 | 24 | 25 | 26 | 27 | 28 | 29 | 30 | 31 | 32Blog Index

Top of Page

About

Jeff co-founded the Weather Underground in 1995 while working on his Ph.D. He flew with the NOAA Hurricane Hunters from 1986-1990.