Extreme temperatures of 2011: 7 national all-time heat records; 1 cold record

By: Dr. Jeff Masters , 4:14 PM GMT on January 13, 2012

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The year 2011 was the tenth warmest year on record for the globe, but the warmest year on record when a La Niña event was present (Ricky Rood has a discussion of this in his lastest post.) Seven nations and one territory broke all-time hottest temperature records. This is a far cry from 2010 (which tied for the warmest year on record), when twenty nations (plus one UK territory) set all-time hottest temperature records. One all-time coldest temperature record was set in 2011; this was the first time since 2009 one of these records was set. The all-time cold record occurred in Zambia, which ironically also set an all-time hottest temperature record in 2011. Here, then, are the most most notable extreme temperatures globally in 2011, courtesy of weather records researcher Maximiliano Herrera:

Hottest temperature in the world in 2011: 53.3°C (127.9°F) in Mitrabah, Kuwait, August 3
Coldest temperature in the world in 2011: -80.2°C (-112.4°F) at Dome Fuji, Antarctica, September 18
Hottest temperature in the Southern Hemisphere: 49.4°C (120.9°F) at Roebourne, Australia, on December 21
Coldest temperature in the Northern Hemisphere: -67.2°C (-89°F) at Summit, Greenland, March 18. This is also the coldest March temperature ever recorded in the Northern Hemisphere.
Hottest undisputed 24-hour minimum temperature in world history: A minimum temperature of 41.7°C (107°F) measured at Khasab Airport in Oman on June 27


Figure 1. Seven countries and one territory set all-time hottest temperature records in 2011, and one nation set an all-time coldest temperature record. Image credit: Ilissa Ocko, Princeton University.

New country hottest temperature records set in 2011
Iraq recorded its hottest temperature on record on August 3, 2011 in Tallil (Ali military airbase), when the mercury hit 53°C (127.4°F). The previous record was 52.3°C recorded at Diwanya FOB airbase a few days before.

Armenia recorded its hottest temperature on record on July 31 in Meghri, when the mercury hit 43.7°C (110.7°F). The previous record was 43.1°C in Meghri on July 17, 2005.

Iran recorded its hottest temperature in its history on July 28, 2011, when the mercury hit 53°C (127.4°F) at Dehloran. The previous previous record was set just one day earlier at Omidieh and Shoshtar, when the mercury hit 52.6°C (126.6°F). Older hotter temperatures have been measured in Iran using automated stations, but these temperatures have been found to be overestimated.

Kuwait recorded its hottest temperature on record on August 3, 2011, when the mercury hit 53.3°C (127.9°F) at Mitrabah. The previous record was 53.1°C in Sulaibiya on June 15, 2010. The Kuwait Meteorological Center confirmed the reading as authentic, though the temperature sensor had problems between 2009 and July 2010. Some temperatures as high as 53.5°C measured at the Kuwait City Airport during 2011 were in error. The 53.3°C (127.9°F) at Mitrabah thus represents:

1) The hottest temperature measured on Earth in 2011
2) New official national record for Kuwait
3) Second highest (undisputed) temperature ever recorded in Asia
4) Highest temperature ever recorded in an Arabic country
5) Third hottest location in the planet together with Lake Havasu City, AZ (after Death
Valley, CA and Moenjodaro, Pakistan)
6) A new world record for August

China broke its national heat record for both uninhabited and inhabited locations on July 14, 2011, when the temperature soared to 50.2°C (122.4°F) at a automatic station near Adyngkol Lake (just south of Turfan), and 49.4°C (120.9°F) at the town of Tuyoq. A higher reading of 50.7°C at Aydingkol Mirabilite on 23 July 1986 has not been verified as official by the Chinese.

Republic of the Congo set a new all-time extreme heat record on March 8, 2011, when the temperature hit 39.2°C (102.6°F) at M'Pouya. Congo's previous all-time hottest temperature was 39.0°C (102.2°F) at Impfondo on May 14, 2005.

Zambia set an all-time national heat record of 109.0°F (42.8°C) at Mfuwe, on October 26, 2011, breaking the previous national record of 108.1°F (42.3°C) also set at Mfuwe, on November 17, 2010. A no longer functioning station at Lusitu, Zambia measured a higher temperature in November 1990, but surrounding stations were all about 10°C cooler, so the Lusitu 1990 reading is considered unreliable.

The French Southern and Antarctic Lands Territory tied its all-time hottest temperature record when Europa Island recorded 35.6°C (96.1°F) on November 12, 2011. The previous record was set at Juan de Nova Island on March 31, 1997.

New country coldest temperature records set in 2011
For the first time since 2009, a new national extreme cold temperature record was set. Zambia set an all-time national cold record of -9°C (16°F) at Choma on June 27, 2011, breaking the previous national record of -8°C (18°F), set on July 10, 1898, at Nalisa Western Province.

Special mention:
Russia had its hottest temperature on record at a regular synoptic reporting staion on July 30, 2011, when the mercury hit 44.3°C (111.7°F) at Divnoe in Russia's Kalmykia Republic. Three hotter temperatures have been recorded at automated stations: 45.4°C in 2010 at a hydrological station at Utta, plus readings of 45°C at El'ton and 44.5°C at Verhjnky Baskunkak in August 1940.

Weather records researcher Maximiliano Herrera is the primary source of the weather records listed here and has worked tremendously hard to research them. He maintains a comprehensive list of extreme temperature records for every nation in the world on his website. If you reproduce this list of extremes, please cite Maximiliano Herrera as the primary source of the weather records.

Other posts looking back at the remarkable weather events of 2011
U.S. weather in 2011: unprecedented rains and wet/dry extremes
Top ten global weather events of 2011
2011: Year of the Tornado
Deadliest weather disaster of 2011: the East African drought
Tropical Storm Lee's flood in Binghamton: was global warming the final straw?
Wettest year on record in Philadelphia; 2011 sets record for wet/dry extremes in U.S.
Hurricane Irene: New York City dodges a potential storm surge mega-disaster


Figure 2. Portlight volunteers help distribute bottled water in the aftermath of Hurricane Irene in Raleigh, North Carolina.

Weather Underground renews as National Sponsor of Portlight Disaster Relief
This week, wunderground put out a press release in concert with Portlight Strategies, Inc.--a national grassroots non-profit organization--that Weather Underground, Inc., will again be a National Sponsor of Portlight Disaster Relief.

Hundreds of members of the wunderground.com blog community have teamed with Portlight Strategies, Inc., throughout the last three and a half years to provide much needed relief services and supplies to victims and survivors of several natural disasters, both domestically and internationally.

These relief efforts focused on helping people with disabilities, as well as people in small towns and rural areas often marginalized by the larger institutional relief infrastructure.

Portlight Strategies, Inc., has committed to building on the stunning success of this collaborative, grassroots initiative.

"Weather Underground stepping up to be one of our National Sponsors again in 2012 is a huge honor", said Paul Timmons, Jr., Portlight Strategies, Inc., Board Chair.

"We are very pleased to continue our support of Portlight Strategies because they make a real difference to otherwise neglected communities that are affected by weather-related disasters around the globe", added Alan Steremberg, President and co-founder of Weather Underground.

Visit the Portlight blog on wunderground to learn more. Donations are always welcome!

Have a great weekend everyone, and I'll be back Monday with a new post.

Jeff Masters

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293. SPLbeater
12:42 AM GMT on January 15, 2012
on that note..where can i find a 850mb, 700mb and 500mb temperature map? any help very much appreciated
Member Since: August 4, 2011 Posts: 46 Comments: 4488
292. SPLbeater
12:41 AM GMT on January 15, 2012
33 degrees outside and there is precipitation on its way. time to look at the upper level temperatures. unfortunately, it might be snow n' mess with the roads cuz the frickin state road workers are too busy with an un-needed highway proeject to pay attention to the radar! LOL
Member Since: August 4, 2011 Posts: 46 Comments: 4488
291. nymore
12:30 AM GMT on January 15, 2012
Quoting aspectre:
Close to shore. It's the territory farther offshore that's under dispute.
Russia claims well over half the seabed between the NorthPole and NorthAmerica as well as all of the seabed between Russia and the NorthPoles AND a substantial fraction of the seabed between Scandinavia and the NorthPole.
Then there is the matter of where Greenland's seabed rights end and Denmarks begins.
well you forgot about Canada and since Denmark owns Greenland I don't think they will declare war on themselves
Member Since: July 6, 2011 Posts: 0 Comments: 2260
290. aspectre
12:27 AM GMT on January 15, 2012
Close to the continental shorelines. It's the territory farther offshore that's under dispute.
Russia claims well over half the seabed between the NorthPole and NorthAmerica as well as all of the seabed between Russia and the NorthPole AND a substantial fraction of the seabed between Scandinavia and the NorthPole.
Even if Russian claims were settled, there is the matter of where Greenland's seabed rights end and Denmark's begins.
Member Since: August 21, 2007 Posts: 0 Comments: 4860
289. PlazaRed
12:21 AM GMT on January 15, 2012
Quoting aspectre:
Who's gonna begin drilling? Without a formal agreement on division of the Arctic seabed, there ain't no such thing as mineral rights.

We are LED to belive that:-
"Shell Alaska is going to drill off the coast this summer."
Can you imagine it down to -60, 100 MPH winds, ice storms, and when that black sticky stuff escapes then all hell will brake loose on the ice packs and shores, nobody's going to go up there and clean the mess up, after all its not quite hospitable out on the the North West Passage?
If the ice continues to melt at its present rate there might also be the equivalent of Arctic hurricanes with attendant seas as well? Or should I say Hell!
Member Since: January 21, 2011 Posts: 0 Comments: 2149
288. nymore
12:16 AM GMT on January 15, 2012
Quoting aspectre:
Who's gonna begin drilling? Without a formal agreement on division of the Arctic seabed, there ain't no such thing as mineral rights.
Shell oil just got a permit from the E.P.A. They are drilling in American waters and are drilling 3 wells
Member Since: July 6, 2011 Posts: 0 Comments: 2260
287. aspectre
12:11 AM GMT on January 15, 2012
Who's gonna begin drilling? Without a formal agreement on division of the Arctic seabed, there ain't no such thing as mineral rights.
Member Since: August 21, 2007 Posts: 0 Comments: 4860
286. nymore
11:58 PM GMT on January 14, 2012
Quoting PlazaRed:

That's really interesting as to who is going to control the areas outside the "whatever miles limit," the bordering nations decide on?
The thought of navies patrolling across the Arctic protecting drilling rigs from attack and sabotage by other bordering arctic nations has got to be out of some sort of si-fi?
Still stranger things have happened at sea? as "they" say?
Who is gonna attack a drill ship in the arctic? Time to put on your tin foil hat and go watch for the black helicopters
Member Since: July 6, 2011 Posts: 0 Comments: 2260
285. presslord
11:55 PM GMT on January 14, 2012

279. Skyepony 11:32 PM GMT on January 14, 2012 +2



Quoting presslord:


just saw it....It was ssoo cool!!!!!



I hope grunt crashes before I get a chance to see it tomorrow.


it was pretty darned cool to see
Member Since: August 13, 2007 Posts: 0 Comments: 10492
284. PlazaRed
11:51 PM GMT on January 14, 2012
Quoting nymore:
Shell alaska is going to drill off the coast this summer

That's really interesting as to who is going to control the areas outside the "whatever miles limit," the bordering nations decide on?
The thought of navies patrolling across the Arctic protecting drilling rigs from attack and sabotage by other bordering arctic nations has got to be out of some sort of si-fi?
Still stranger things have happened at sea? as "they" say?
Member Since: January 21, 2011 Posts: 0 Comments: 2149
283. Articuno
11:45 PM GMT on January 14, 2012
Quoting Skyepony:


Yes.. PSCs are also known as nacreous clouds. Ozone hole formation is strangely beautiful.. Must be very cold up there.



;)
Member Since: October 22, 2011 Posts: 0 Comments: 2553
282. nymore
11:38 PM GMT on January 14, 2012
Quoting Skyepony:


Yes.. PSCs are also known as nacreous clouds. Ozone hole formation is strangely beautiful.. Must be very cold up there.




I hope grunt crashes before I get a chance to see it tomorrow.




All the countries touching the Arctic circle have been eying & preparing to rush at the available oil once it all melts enough...Wikileaks points to US, Russia, Norway, Canada & Denmark.
Shell alaska is going to drill off the coast this summer
Member Since: July 6, 2011 Posts: 0 Comments: 2260
281. ChillinInTheKeys
11:37 PM GMT on January 14, 2012
Mostly sunny here today. Ring around the sun most of the afternoon.
Member Since: August 18, 2008 Posts: 0 Comments: 695
280. docrod
11:35 PM GMT on January 14, 2012
Quoting presslord:


Yes!!!! Thanks ssoo much!!! It was cool as all get out!!!!!


Great!! - let Skypony know as well. We were shut out (Melbourne and Fl Keys) !! No new models out for re-entry yet, should be out soon. I saw the UARS blast out from behind clouds a few months ago.

Amazing - good eve - RB
Member Since: April 21, 2006 Posts: 0 Comments: 839
279. Skyepony (Mod)
11:32 PM GMT on January 14, 2012
Quoting Articuno:

I think this is called Cloud Iridescence.
OR a Polar stratospheric cloud.


Yes.. PSCs are also known as nacreous clouds. Ozone hole formation is strangely beautiful.. Must be very cold up there.


Quoting presslord:


just saw it....It was ssoo cool!!!!!


I hope grunt crashes before I get a chance to see it tomorrow.


Quoting PlazaRed:

Apart from the climatic enemy, does anybody have any ideas about who the potential human enemies might be?


All the countries touching the Arctic circle have been eying & preparing to rush at the available oil once it all melts enough...Wikileaks points to US, Russia, Norway, Canada & Denmark.
Member Since: August 10, 2005 Posts: 208 Comments: 39053
278. presslord
11:30 PM GMT on January 14, 2012
Quoting docrod:
Press - did you see it!! ;>)

Keys and central FL were hazy to cloudy.


Yes!!!! Thanks ssoo much!!! It was cool as all get out!!!!!
Member Since: August 13, 2007 Posts: 0 Comments: 10492
277. docrod
11:28 PM GMT on January 14, 2012
Press - did you see it!! ;>)

Keys and central FL were hazy to cloudy.
Member Since: April 21, 2006 Posts: 0 Comments: 839
276. ChillinInTheKeys
11:26 PM GMT on January 14, 2012
Pat Pat Pat...

looks like you need to have a talk with da boys.

Maybe they'll wake up after half time!!!

Geaux Saints!!!
Member Since: August 18, 2008 Posts: 0 Comments: 695
275. docrod
11:24 PM GMT on January 14, 2012
Quoting Skyepony:
docrod~ Thanks & for the links & tracks. I couldn't see it tonight anyways. To many contrails & clouds.


Saw on Spaceweather.com about the Nacreous or mother of pearl clouds being prevalent right now..Sure enough our own MikePic had captured some in CO & uploaded a photo to WU..




Clouds here too - hopefully Presslord had better luck. Re-entry likely tomorrow - I'll be monitoring the computer models. good eve
RB
Member Since: April 21, 2006 Posts: 0 Comments: 839
274. Jedkins01
11:16 PM GMT on January 14, 2012
Quoting nymore:
Well it is tax season. If you get a return tell them to keep it and then write them a check for more.


I am not against active government, just a Centralized government with too much power and control on peoples lives. Active government is important though. I am not apposed to the tax either, there needs to be taxes, just not too many of them.

For example, I wouldn't be able to go to college if government was too small because I would not have the money to go because I get government aid for college. Furthermore, I don't come from a wealthy family and we once had to live off food stamps and I am very thankful food stamps exist, so do millions of those who are too poor as well. If government was never involved then we would be neglecting the poor which is worse than anything in my opinion. That's cruel.
Member Since: August 21, 2008 Posts: 0 Comments: 7958
273. Jedkins01
11:12 PM GMT on January 14, 2012
Quoting yqt1001:


That's fine. :P It's just I'm an extreme leftist (not communist though, a moderate form of state capitalism) and I generally take offense to anything that is anti-socialist.


I gotcha, don't worry though, I am no far right extremist, I don't think those who are on the left are evil lol.

What I am really just apposed to is when government is given too much Centralized power which is the same as a Corporation having too much power.

To be honest I am firmly Liberal on some things and firmly Conservative on others. I would never be able to run for any office because I would not fit into either the Dems or the Repubs party.

The founders of this nation warned of having dominate parties, which is the biggest problem of all I think.
Member Since: August 21, 2008 Posts: 0 Comments: 7958
272. nymore
11:11 PM GMT on January 14, 2012
Quoting PlazaRed:

Apart from the climatic enemy, does anybody have any ideas about who the potential human enemies might be?
RNA
Member Since: July 6, 2011 Posts: 0 Comments: 2260
271. PlazaRed
11:09 PM GMT on January 14, 2012
Quoting Skyepony:
Military is planning to hold Exercise Arctic Ram second half of next month..gotta be ready to fight in some of the coldest places on earth.. who says we won't be ready for climate change?

Apart from the climatic enemy, does anybody have any ideas about who the potential human enemies might be?
Member Since: January 21, 2011 Posts: 0 Comments: 2149
270. Articuno
11:09 PM GMT on January 14, 2012
Quoting Skyepony:
docrod~ Thanks & for the links & tracks. I couldn't see it tonight anyways. To many contrails & clouds.


Saw on Spaceweather.com about the Nacreous or mother of pearl clouds being prevalent right now..Sure enough our own MikePic had captured some in CO & uploaded a photo to WU..



I think this is called Cloud Iridescence.
OR a Polar stratospheric cloud.
Member Since: October 22, 2011 Posts: 0 Comments: 2553
269. nymore
11:07 PM GMT on January 14, 2012
Quoting Jedkins01:


Hey man, I could go on and on, but I find keeping to peace to be far better than proving a point, and political debates seem to often cause nothing but trouble because there is not a system that really can work permanently, time eventually overtakes every political philosophy. We might agree on more than we realize. I just wanted to throw in a post about what was being discussed, and so I didn't explain exactly what I think is the problem. I just generalized. If people are looking for more I'm not the person to go to. I will say some things on politics but I won't continue end on end, its rat race.

Oh and its also a weather blog, that too! lol


I gotta say though, I wish communism and socialism would actually work. I'm a person of mercy, love and peace, and I apposed greed, selfishness, and violence.
Well it is tax season. If you get a return tell them to keep it and then write them a check for more.
Member Since: July 6, 2011 Posts: 0 Comments: 2260
268. GeoffreyWPB
11:06 PM GMT on January 14, 2012
White House Will Not Support SOPA, PIPA
Member Since: September 10, 2007 Posts: 0 Comments: 11512
267. presslord
11:04 PM GMT on January 14, 2012
Quoting Skyepony:
docrod~ Thanks & for the links & tracks. I couldn't see it tonight anyways. To many contrails & clouds.


Saw on Spaceweather.com about the Nacreous or mother of pearl clouds being prevalent right now..Sure enough our own MikePic had captured some in CO & uploaded a photo to WU..




just saw it....It was ssoo cool!!!!!
Member Since: August 13, 2007 Posts: 0 Comments: 10492
266. Skyepony (Mod)
11:03 PM GMT on January 14, 2012
Military is planning to hold Exercise Arctic Ram second half of next month..gotta be ready to fight in some of the coldest places on earth.. who says we won't be ready for climate change?
Member Since: August 10, 2005 Posts: 208 Comments: 39053
265. yqt1001
10:59 PM GMT on January 14, 2012
Quoting Jedkins01:


Hey man, I could go on and on, but I find keeping to peace to be far better than proving a point, and political debates seem to often cause nothing but trouble because there is not a system that really can work permanently, time eventually overtakes every political philosophy. We might agree on more than we realize. I just wanted to throw in a post about what was being discussed, and so I didn't explain exactly what I think is the problem. I just generalized. If people are looking for more I'm not the person to go to. I will say some things on politics but I won't continue end on end, its rat race.

Oh and its also a weather blog, that too! lol


That's fine. :P It's just I'm an extreme leftist (not communist though, a moderate form of state capitalism) and I generally take offense to anything that is anti-socialist.
Member Since: November 19, 2010 Posts: 1 Comments: 1286
264. Jedkins01
10:55 PM GMT on January 14, 2012
Quoting yqt1001:
How is Europe failing because of socialist ideals? Trying to merge hundreds of cultures that killed each other 70 years ago into one nation and expecting it to go easily (or even work) is just outrageous. A unified Europe is about as hard to achieve as communism is. And before you go and bash socialism even further, look to Canada, which because of its socialist regulation on banks was spared by most of the recession. Also how is the US even close to true socialism? Obama checks out at a 3 on the economic left/right scale. By comparison, Stalin was a -9 and the more socialist nations are generally -3.


Hey man, I could go on and on, but I find keeping to peace to be far better than proving a point, and political debates seem to often cause nothing but trouble because there is not a system that really can work permanently, time eventually overtakes every political philosophy. We might agree on more than we realize. I just wanted to throw in a post about what was being discussed, and so I didn't explain exactly what I think is the problem. I just generalized. If people are looking for more I'm not the person to go to. I will say some things on politics but I won't continue end on end, its rat race.

Oh and its also a weather blog, that too! lol


I gotta say though, I wish communism and socialism would actually work. I'm a person of mercy, love and peace, and I apposed greed, selfishness, and violence.
Member Since: August 21, 2008 Posts: 0 Comments: 7958
263. Skyepony (Mod)
10:49 PM GMT on January 14, 2012
docrod~ Thanks & for the links & tracks. I couldn't see it tonight anyways. To many contrails & clouds.


Saw on Spaceweather.com about the Nacreous or mother of pearl clouds being prevalent right now..Sure enough our own MikePic had captured some in CO & uploaded a photo to WU..


Member Since: August 10, 2005 Posts: 208 Comments: 39053
262. yqt1001
10:46 PM GMT on January 14, 2012
How is Europe failing because of socialist ideals? Trying to merge hundreds of cultures that killed each other 70 years ago into one nation and expecting it to go easily (or even work) is just outrageous. A unified Europe is about as hard to achieve as communism is. And before you go and bash socialism even further, look to Canada, which because of its socialist regulation on banks was spared by most of the recession. Also how is the US even close to true socialism? Obama checks out at a 3 on the economic left/right scale. By comparison, Stalin was a -9 and the more socialist nations are generally -3.
Member Since: November 19, 2010 Posts: 1 Comments: 1286
261. Jedkins01
10:40 PM GMT on January 14, 2012
No, Europes failing because they have adhered to socialism and Centralization of government power. The United States is failing because it also is adhering to the same principles for government. Socialism would work in a theoretical world where everyone had a good heart, but in the real world that doesn't exist. Its government run by dreamers and nothing more. Capitalism isn't perfect and it certainly has its issues, but it works the best overall, history has proven so. Those who founded this nation weren't gods but they had a better understanding of human nature and lived in reality not in a dream world. The U.S. is starting to fall as well because we are getting further and further away from the things that made us great both in government and in society.


I am not a far right activist by any means. There should be government intervention in some things of course, unregulated capitalism is just as bad as Centralization. When all freedom is stripped away from this nation because of the growing desire for Centralized Power don't get mad at me then when its too late.
Member Since: August 21, 2008 Posts: 0 Comments: 7958
260. TomTaylor
10:33 PM GMT on January 14, 2012
Quoting PlazaRed:

The reasons Europe is having troubles is so complex that it probably defies comprehension!
The US has one government for all your states, each state has some say in its affairs. Europe has some 30+ states,{countries,} 20 + tongue's and a vast diversity of ideals.
Added to this melting pot, you then permit the general populace of 500 million or so to borrow money that a lot of them have no long term means to pay back. The picture gets murkier the more you look at it. Enter a few downgrades, inflation, and constantly changing of up to 30 government's and the picture starts to become a bit clearer.
Nothing like the broader economy of Europe has probably ever existed before?
Yep exactly. Quite a mess.
Member Since: August 24, 2010 Posts: 19 Comments: 4358
259. Neapolitan
10:30 PM GMT on January 14, 2012
Moving things off of politics for a moment:

Click for large image:
Wow


From the ESA website:

"In this Envisat image, a phytoplankton bloom swirls a figure-of-8 in the South Atlantic Ocean about 600 km east of the Falkland Islands.

During this period in the southern hemisphere, the ocean becomes rich in minerals from the mixing of surface waters with deeper waters. Phytoplankton depend on these minerals, making blooms like this common in the spring and summer.
These microscopic organisms are the base of the marine food chain, and play a huge role in the removal of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and the production of oxygen in the oceans. By helping to regulate the carbon cycle, phytoplankton are important to the global climate system.

Different types and quantities of phytoplankton exhibit different colours, such as the blues and greens in this image.

Earth-observing satellites like Envisat can monitor these algal blooms. Once a bloom begins, an ocean colour sensor can make an initial identification of its chlorophyll pigment, and therefore its species and toxicity.

Since the phytoplankton are sensitive to environmental changes, it is important to monitor and model them for climate change calculations and to identify potentially harmful blooms.

Envisat’s MERIS instrument acquired this image on 2 December 2011 at a resolution of 300 m."
Member Since: November 8, 2009 Posts: 4 Comments: 13728
258. TomTaylor
10:29 PM GMT on January 14, 2012
Before I go, looks like the East coast should be seeing nice weather after this next week. 12z 8-10 day 500mb height anomalies for the ECMWF (left) and GFS (right) are shown below depicting strong ridging over the east coast, to produce what looks like a typical negative PDO and La Nina pattern. Levi did a good job with this one, most people were saying it would be really cold and full on winter by the end of January. We'll see what February brings but it looks like January will finish out fairly warm and pleasant for the east coast (the upcoming week (Jan 15-21) will start off cooler and stormier, but it will end nicer and the week after that should also be nicer and warmer).




Edit: Also note that weaker ridging over the tropics. Means lighter trade winds over the tropics, which means less cooling of the tropical SSTs, despite the fact that we've had a positive NAO for most of the winter so far.
Member Since: August 24, 2010 Posts: 19 Comments: 4358
257. PlazaRed
10:23 PM GMT on January 14, 2012
Quoting TomTaylor:
The reason Europe is having trouble is no because of their social programs lol. Nice try though.

I'm glad that you do realize that some do need care though...sometimes its hard to tell from your posting.

The reasons Europe is having troubles is so complex that it probably defies comprehension!
The US has one government for all your states, each state has some say in its affairs. Europe has some 30+ states,{countries,} 20 + tongue's and a vast diversity of ideals.
Added to this melting pot, you then permit the general populace of 500 million or so to borrow money that a lot of them have no long term means to pay back. The picture gets murkier the more you look at it. Enter a few downgrades, inflation, and constantly changing of up to 30 government's and the picture starts to become a bit clearer.
Nothing like the broader economy of Europe has probably ever existed before?
Member Since: January 21, 2011 Posts: 0 Comments: 2149
256. TomTaylor
10:19 PM GMT on January 14, 2012
Quoting VAbeachhurricanes:


They might be working harder now... that is only because they didn't work hard before. I'm working hard now in school, and in college so I don't have to work 2 jobs all day and night to survive. Heck if you are on welfare you should be required to either use the money to learn a trade so you can provide for yourself and the community. Or you should be doing construction / roadwork. Also bettering your community, but getting paid your welfare share. I am all for bettering the community, we just disagree on how to get there haha.
That's true, that is what politics is after all; different people trying to solve different problems in different ways. If anything is to be done, compromise must be made (that is how our government was made in the first place).

Anyway, I didn't really want to throw the blog off topic and debate politics for the next few days, I was just annoyed by Doug's post. I think he doesn't mean as much harm as it seems though, he just posts very bluntly and puts up a stiff/stubborn facade.



I'm gonna go enjoy me some football for now, see you all later.
Member Since: August 24, 2010 Posts: 19 Comments: 4358
255. nymore
10:09 PM GMT on January 14, 2012
9 errrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrs
Member Since: July 6, 2011 Posts: 0 Comments: 2260
254. Patrap
10:08 PM GMT on January 14, 2012
Neil, Mike and Buzz had the intestinal nads to go into a Vehicle , the three abreast,Built by the lowest Bidder, got ingressed and Locked in.

While everyone else moved a safe 3 Miles away to observe the Launch.

Then they took a Machine that was as fragile as a Butterfly, built by a Bus manufacturer and got er done at Luna..and was picked up by a taxpayer funded Military/CVN USS Hornet after 8 days in Space.

And dont forget the Lil Old Ladys who stitched up them 2 EVA Suits for Neil and Buzz, they contributed in a huge way.



That's what govt can do.

That's what thought can do.

Govt, which in the end is us.

It isnt something you can manifest out the ether.

..relax.

Were looking at it together.

here.


Now.

The veil is lifting.

Embrace it.
Member Since: July 3, 2005 Posts: 427 Comments: 129411
253. VAbeachhurricanes
10:05 PM GMT on January 14, 2012
Quoting TomTaylor:
There is truth to that, but there is also a lot of truth in the fact that many of the people who benefit from those social programs work a hell of a lot harder than you and I do. To me this means the best option would be compromise between the two ideas such that you have social programs for those who need them, but obviously not everything is shared between everyone.


They might be working harder now... that is only because they didn't work hard before. I'm working hard now in school, and in college so I don't have to work 2 jobs all day and night to survive. Heck if you are on welfare you should be required to either use the money to learn a trade so you can provide for yourself and the community. Or you should be doing construction / roadwork. Also bettering your community, but getting paid your welfare share. I am all for bettering the community, we just disagree on how to get there haha.
Member Since: September 6, 2007 Posts: 0 Comments: 6697
252. yqt1001
10:05 PM GMT on January 14, 2012
Quoting nymore:
The FAA investigates plane crashes?


Not the FAA itself, the NTSB investigates crashes. I believe (not sure) the NTSB is a branch of the FAA and the other transportation departments. I don't know the US government well enough to say anything past this though. :P
Member Since: November 19, 2010 Posts: 1 Comments: 1286
251. nymore
10:02 PM GMT on January 14, 2012
9 errrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrssssssssssssssssssss
Member Since: July 6, 2011 Posts: 0 Comments: 2260
Quoting PensacolaDoug:
I got one more "pfffft" left in me for today. It goes
to TT for the content of post 220.
Now I'm all pfffft'ed out. I believe you'd probably rather I disect the post point by point so we could argue the issues. I don't think you have a concept of "conservatism". I'll say this tho. It's not the governments job to take care of us. There are exceptions to that however. The elderly, sickly, feeble minded and infirm to name some, however, look how well the "cradle to grave" entitlements have worked out for Europe.
The reason Europe is having trouble is no because of their social programs lol. Nice try though.

I'm glad that you do realize that some do need care though...sometimes its hard to tell from your posting.
Member Since: August 24, 2010 Posts: 19 Comments: 4358
Quoting VAbeachhurricanes:


Social programs promote laziness which would be a detriment to the community to instead of an improvement. Make everyone realize they need to work hard, and everyone in the community does. The community will improve greatly.
There is truth to that, but there is also a lot of truth in the fact that many of the people who benefit from those social programs work a hell of a lot harder than you and I do. To me this means the best option would be compromise between the two ideas such that you have social programs for those who need them, but obviously not everything is shared between everyone.
Member Since: August 24, 2010 Posts: 19 Comments: 4358
Quoting VAbeachhurricanes:


No one would fly Ryanair if a plane crashed, and there still needs to be some responsibility placed on the consumer. If you don't feel safe on the airline choose another one.

Another byproduct of airline deregulation by the government: airlines oversaturate the most popular routes while ignoring many others, so there's not always (or often) another one from which to choose.
Member Since: November 8, 2009 Posts: 4 Comments: 13728
Quoting Neapolitan:

The Constitution was put in place for reasons given in the Preamble: promoting the general welfare. That's the mission of government. The mission of most corporations, on the other hand, is to derive maximum profit. The two missions are often diametrically opposed to one another. And as has been amply demonstrated maybe a million times, what's good for the shareholders isn't necessarily what's good for the citizenry.


If a corporations mission is for maximum profit then they would still want safe skies no? Dangerous skies = less profit than safe skies. I also said that the FAA could be under "provide for the common defense". I'm just saying it is feasible that the companies could do it themselves.
Member Since: September 6, 2007 Posts: 0 Comments: 6697
Quoting yqt1001:


Some airlines have no regards for their record, as the very cheap tickets lure passengers on. I believe that Ryanair makes most of their money off of fee's and they likely couldn't care if the plane crashed as things happen and without the FAA to investigate it, no conclusions as to why it crashed would be made.
The FAA investigates plane crashes?
Member Since: July 6, 2011 Posts: 0 Comments: 2260
Quoting VAbeachhurricanes:


Not that they can be cheaty and cheap, just it wouldn't be in the airlines business best interest to have planes crashing and not having a safe flight environment. No one would fly and they would make no money. It would be in their best interest that everyone feels safe and that the safety record is impeccable.

The Constitution was put in place for reasons given in the Preamble: promoting the general welfare, and so on. That's the mission of government. The mission of most corporations, on the other hand, is to derive maximum profit. The two missions are often diametrically opposed to one another. And as has been amply demonstrated maybe a million times, what's good for the shareholders isn't necessarily what's good for the citizenry.
Member Since: November 8, 2009 Posts: 4 Comments: 13728
I cannot complain about the Temps here in South Central Texas, middle of January and in mid 60s to around 70 is awesome with bone dry humidity.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting yqt1001:


Some airlines have no regards for their record, as the very cheap tickets lure passengers on. I believe that Ryanair makes most of their money off of fee's and they likely couldn't care if the plane crashed as things happen and without the FAA to investigate it, no conclusions as to why it crashed would be made.


No one would fly Ryanair if a plane crashed, and there still needs to be some responsibility placed on the consumer. If you don't feel safe on the airline choose another one.
Member Since: September 6, 2007 Posts: 0 Comments: 6697

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Jeff co-founded the Weather Underground in 1995 while working on his Ph.D. He flew with the NOAA Hurricane Hunters from 1986-1990.

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