Climate change education in zoos

By: Dr. Jeff Masters , 5:20 PM GMT on December 05, 2011

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I'm in San Francisco this week for the annual Fall Meeting of the American Geophysical Union (AGU), the world's largest gathering of Earth Scientists. Over ten thousand scientists from all over the world, including most of the world's top climate scientists, are in town this week to exchange ideas to advance the cause of Earth Science. This year, there is much attention being given to communication of science to the public, and the first talk I attended today on the subject was given by Dr. Michael Mann of Penn State University. Dr. Mann has been at the center of much recent controversy over climate science, and has an op-ed in today's Wall Street Journal titled, "Climate Contrarians Ignore Overwhelming Evidence". His "hockey stick" graphs showing the unprecedented increase in global temperatures over the past 1,000 years has been the subject of heated attack, much of it orchestrated by the public relations wings of powerful industries whose profits are threatened by by possibility of regulatory action to reduce global warming. He has a book coming out in January titled, The Hockey Stick and the Climate Wars: Dispatches from the Front Lines. Dr. Mann reaffirmed his stance on human-caused climate change in his talk this morning, calling attention to a paper that appeared in Nature Geoscience last week, finding that most of the observed warming of Earth's climate in recent decades—at least 74 percent—is almost certainly due to human activity. Dr. Mann said that this study did not go far enough, and that more than 100% of the warming in the past 30 years was due to humans. Without humans, the climate would have cooled over the past 30 years.


Figure 1. An example of educational material on polar bears that has been developed by CliZEN for use at nine U.S. zoos.

Dr. Mann also introduced a new pilot program he is involved with to advance climate change education through U.S. zoos. The National Science Foundation-funded project is called CliZEN, The Climate Literacy Zoo Education Network. Zoos represent a unique way for people to connect to the natural world, and over 50 million people in the U.S. go to the zoo each year--double that, if one includes aquariums. Thus, zoos thus offer a unique opportunity to communicate how climate change threatens the natural world. People who go to zoos are approximately 50% more likely to be alarmed or concerned about climate change than the general population, Dr. Mann showed. The initial eduction effort has a polar theme, and is being brought to nine zoos: the Chicago Zoological Society of Brookfield, IL; Columbus Zoo & Aquarium, OH; Como Zoo & Conservatory, St. Paul, MN; Indianapolis Zoo, IN; Louisville Zoological Garden, KY; Oregon Zoo, Portland, OR; Pittsburgh Zoo & PPG Aquarium, PA; Roger Williams Park Zoo, Providence, RI; and the Toledo Zoological Gardens, OH. The organization Polar Bears International is helping develop the educational material.

Jeff Masters

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Quoting hydrus:
Great post..However, I believe where there is death, there is birth and rebirth..There is so much here on Earth we humans still do not understand, never mind whats happening thousands or millions light years away, or what has occurred millions or billions of years ago.


Same way stars die, new ones are born
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98S...i dont beleive it will make it in the long run.
Member Since: August 4, 2011 Posts: 46 Comments: 4488
Quoting presslord:


fruitcake should be soaked in bourbon for at least a week prior to consumption...
And this very thing is achieved on a regular basis here in the great state of Tennessee..:)
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Quoting RitaEvac:


Because like life of the universe, life or the objects of space are meant to go extinct and die. Nothing lasts forever, and nothing will show that we existed, like star dust...this is the true irony
Great post..However, I believe where there is death, there is birth and rebirth..There is so much here on Earth we humans still do not understand, never mind whats happening thousands or millions light years away, or what has occurred in the Universe millions or billions of years ago.
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Quoting bappit:
"If a fruitcake contains alcohol, it could remain edible for many years. For example, a fruitcake baked in 1878 is kept as an heirloom by a family in Tecumseh, Michigan.[6] In 2003 it was sampled by Jay Leno on the Tonight Show.[7]"


fruitcake should be soaked in bourbon for at least a week prior to consumption...
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Quoting RitaEvac:


Because like life of the universe, life or the objects of space are meant to go extinct and die. Nothing lasts forever, and nothing will show that we existed, like star dust...this is the true irony


How many self aware, rational thinking beings have helped to bring about their own demise? ... I mean besides us?
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Quoting RitaEvac:


Because like life of the universe, life or the objects of space are meant to go extinct and die. Nothing lasts forever, and nothing will show that we existed, like star dust...this is the true irony

There are a few non retrievable pieces of space probes that will be heading away from us for a long time to come and we have sent out an ever increasing number of radio signals from millions of transmissions that will maybe tell a story to some listener, the signals will increase in number, then decrease with no doubt their own story as to why they are in decline.
The radio messages began about a 100 years ago and will continue to be broadcast for some time yet. Any life that can decipher them will then know how long we had the technology to transmit and probably why we stopped.
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"If a fruitcake contains alcohol, it could remain edible for many years. For example, a fruitcake baked in 1878 is kept as an heirloom by a family in Tecumseh, Michigan.[6] In 2003 it was sampled by Jay Leno on the Tonight Show.[7]"
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Wiki wisdom:

"The all-time Great Fruitcake Toss record is 1,420 feet, set in January 2007 by a group of eight Boeing engineers who built the "Omega 380," a mock artillery piece fueled by compressed air pumped by an exercise bike.[5]"
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Quoting Patrap:
...Fruitcakes pre-date the Big-Bang, so splain dat?


Patrick! stay on topic
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...Fruitcakes pre-date the Big-Bang, so splain dat?
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Quoting hydrus:
A very beautiful and axiomatic post..Thank you very much for it...PLEASE post more often.


And thank you for the compliment, hydrus. I will, as much as I can.
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Quoting Patrap:
61. RitaEvac


...then explain Fruitcakes to me?


Fruit grows and dies as well. But a species will come by and consume the fruit or in this case create a fruitcake....once it is consumed and digested it is part of the species that has consumed it, and the species will still die eventually and never knowing the fruitcake existed in the first place
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61. RitaEvac


...then explain Fruitcakes to me?
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Quoting goosegirl1:


That is a painful irony- burn coal to provide power to air condition the display and cool the tank to warm the climate even more...


Because like life of the universe, life or the objects of space are meant to go extinct and die. Nothing lasts forever, and nothing will show that we existed, like star dust...this is the true irony
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Quoting PlazaRed:
"10,000 Scientists. in San Francisco," Sounds a bit like the grand old Duke of York who marched them up to the top of the hill, then marched them down again.
Added to this there is a big scientific pow wow in Durban I am led to believe as I am led to believe many things! This is about climate and changes among other things.
Here's an idea,that you can shoot to bits but we all know what is the state of things at the moment, which we are led to believe, so if we "bookmark," today, more or less and see what will have changed in a year from now, which will have a positive affect on atmospheric pollution?
My guess is very little, the CO2 graphs will be a bit higher and the cries for change a bit louder. A billion+ vehicles will still be on the roads.
So sad really that we are going to have to burn fuel to cool tanks for arctic creatures to be preserved alive in!


That is a painful irony- burn coal to provide power to air condition the display and cool the tank to warm the climate even more...
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"10,000 Scientists. in San Francisco," Sounds a bit like the grand old Duke of York who marched them up to the top of the hill, then marched them down again.
Added to this there is a big scientific pow wow in Durban I am led to believe as I am led to believe many things! This is about climate and changes among other things.
Here's an idea,that you can shoot to bits but we all know what is the state of things at the moment, which we are led to believe, so if we "bookmark," today, more or less and see what will have changed in a year from now, which will have a positive affect on atmospheric pollution?
My guess is very little, the CO2 graphs will be a bit higher and the cries for change a bit louder. A billion+ vehicles will still be on the roads.
So sad really that we are going to have to burn fuel to cool tanks for arctic creatures to be preserved alive in!
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Disinformation sock puppets re-emergence is predictable. Not as many users, including lurkers, to knock them out of circulation with -'s. Times are hard, folks need to make a living somehow. Hope big energy pays well. Rather than a bunch of pleasure centers lighting up probably as boring as working a call center.
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Quoting petewxwatcher:
HardTimesHenry and Grandmariner are just a couple of sockpuppets. At least a dozen have been created over the last few days to harass people like LowerCal and OregonBirdofPrey.
Quoting SPLbeater:
round the same meaning as a troll?
Sockpuppet (Internet) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
A sockpuppet is an online identity used for purposes of deception. The term—a reference to the manipulation of a simple hand puppet made from a sock—originally referred to a false identity assumed by a member of an internet community who spoke to, or about himself while pretending to be another person.[1] The term now includes other uses of misleading online identities, such as those created to praise, defend or support a third party or organization.[2] A significant difference between the use of a pseudonym[3] and the creation of a sockpuppet is that the sockpuppet poses as an independent third-party unaffiliated with the puppeteer.
....
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Quoting JNCali:
West of Nashville: Temps fell 5 deg over the last hour, heading for the 30's fast this afternoon. With all the rain I hope we don't have ice in the am.. I understand that Nashville doesn't having any salt trucks...
That is not good...They will need them this winter. Precip map for the next 7 days..
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Quoting RitaEvac:
Massive low and mid level cloud deck overtaking TX now, cold rest of week, were not getting out now


so is this low going to bring some moisture to SE Texas...... maybe in the form of Freezing Rain/SNOW! lol
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Quoting JNCali:
West of Nashville: Temps fell 5 deg over the last hour, heading for the 30's fast this afternoon. With all the rain I hope we don't have ice in the am.. I understand that Nashville doesn't having any salt trucks...
It is cold and wet..Raining one half inch an hour here on the plateau near Rock Island State Park. Some of us will get snow before this system moves out completely..
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Quoting JNCali:
West of Nashville: Temps fell 5 deg over the last hour, heading for the 30's fast this afternoon. With all the rain I hope we don't have ice in the am.. I understand that Nashville doesn't having any salt trucks...

300 or so miles east of Nashville, we have a temp of 59 and overcast, with rain on the way. Thanks to wxgeekva, my denial of the arrival of winter is in serious jeopardy, and here you go helping out :) A high of 27 is predicted for Saturday, evidently with some snow preceeding it.
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West of Nashville: Temps fell 5 deg over the last hour, heading for the 30's fast this afternoon. With all the rain I hope we don't have ice in the am.. I understand that Nashville doesn't having any salt trucks...
Member Since: September 9, 2010 Posts: 5 Comments: 1034
Weakening observed with the Dvorak Intensity..this is lame!

052030UTC

CI# /Pressure/ Vmax
3.5 / 991.5mb/ 55.0kt

Raw T# 3.0
Adj T# 3.0
FInal T# 3.3
Member Since: August 4, 2011 Posts: 46 Comments: 4488
Quoting goosegirl1:


Based on what data?


Computer models including the GFS, NAM, CMC, and UKMET.
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Quoting WxGeekVA:


Snow Map for Thursday. I made it myself. Comments?


good job.
Member Since: August 4, 2011 Posts: 46 Comments: 4488
Quoting WxGeekVA:


Snow Map for Thursday. I made it myself. Comments?


Based on what data?
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Quoting WxGeekVA:


Snow Map for Thursday. I made it myself. Comments?
Not bad for a geek...:)
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Snow Map for Thursday. I made it myself. Comments?
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Quoting spbloom:
Re the troll problem, a few years back I read a physiology study that found that the pleasure centers (in the brain) of people who go out in public to tell conscious lies light up (on brain monitors) when they do so.

That explains rather a lot.

Presumably such people also gain pleasure and a sense of social reinforcement from listening to others repeat the same lies, which would seem to explain the dedicated fan base of Fox News.
A very beautiful and axiomatic post..Thank you very much for it...PLEASE post more often.
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Enjoy those muggy 70s Patrap, wherever you are...
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Massive low and mid level cloud deck overtaking TX now, cold rest of week, were not getting out now
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Getting cold outside now, was warmer this morning, secondary surge has arrived, and only going to fall. 47 now and falling
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Quoting WxGeekVA:


IF you are in the mountains, maybe. More like a MD/VA event.


awwwww...:( im in Lee County
Member Since: August 4, 2011 Posts: 46 Comments: 4488
Just to add, we can see this latter syndrome manifesting in Limbaugh's claim to arm his listeners with the truth (i.e., convenient lies).

There's about 30% of the population that seems prone to this, which makes them a serious problem but one that is surmountable.

Note the poll results a couple of days ago finding that the cognitive dissonance (between the lies and the evidence) of the significant chunk of Republicans who aren't part of that 30% (a minority in the party, but still necessary to win elections) is starting to manifest itself in changing views on climate.

In the end, our current national experience with right-wing extremism (not just regarding climate) may turn out to have some positive effects.
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SUBJ: TROPICAL CYCLONE 01S (ALENGA) WARNING NR 003
1. TROPICAL CYCLONE 01S (ALENGA) WARNING NR 003
01 ACTIVE TROPICAL CYCLONE IN SOUTHIO
MAX SUSTAINED WINDS BASED ON ONE-MINUTE AVERAGE
WIND RADII VALID OVER OPEN WATER ONLY
---
WARNING POSITION:
051800Z --- NEAR 12.4S 87.2E
MOVEMENT PAST SIX HOURS - 250 DEGREES AT 03 KTS
POSITION ACCURATE TO WITHIN 060 NM
POSITION BASED ON CENTER LOCATED BY SATELLITE
PRESENT WIND DISTRIBUTION:
MAX SUSTAINED WINDS - 055 KT, GUSTS 070 KT
WIND RADII VALID OVER OPEN WATER ONLY
RADIUS OF 050 KT WINDS - 040 NM NORTHEAST QUADRANT
040 NM SOUTHEAST QUADRANT
040 NM SOUTHWEST QUADRANT
040 NM NORTHWEST QUADRANT
RADIUS OF 034 KT WINDS - 125 NM NORTHEAST QUADRANT
120 NM SOUTHEAST QUADRANT
105 NM SOUTHWEST QUADRANT
120 NM NORTHWEST QUADRANT
REPEAT POSIT: 12.4S 87.2E
Member Since: May 24, 2006 Posts: 52 Comments: 46590
Re the troll problem, a few years back I read a physiology study that found that the pleasure centers (in the brain) of people who go out in public to tell conscious lies light up (on brain monitors) when they do so.

That explains rather a lot.

Presumably such people also gain pleasure and a sense of social reinforcement from listening to others repeat the same lies, which would seem to explain the dedicated fan base of Fox News.
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Quoting SPLbeater:
SNOW FOR MID-ATLANTIC? if your talking about something that combines the words SNOW and NC, please continue :D


IF you are in the mountains, maybe. More like a MD/VA event.
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SNOW FOR MID-ATLANTIC? if your talking about something that combines the words SNOW and NC, please continue :D
Member Since: August 4, 2011 Posts: 46 Comments: 4488
Anyone want to discuss the upcoming possible snow event for the Mid-Atlantic on Thursday?
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Quoting Minnemike:
i've got about half the folks posting today on ignore.. well, at least i'm getting better at using the gifts of Wunderblog.. still a bummer from a spectator's perspective :(

lol, sometimes thats hat it comes to xD. seems another troll problem has arose, almost to the same extent as the one in early hurricane season when i joined.
Member Since: August 4, 2011 Posts: 46 Comments: 4488
i've got about half the folks posting today on ignore.. well, at least i'm getting better at using the gifts of Wunderblog.. still a bummer from a spectator's perspective :(
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did the blog lose activity again...
Member Since: August 4, 2011 Posts: 46 Comments: 4488
Quoting grandmariner:



But wait. Last time I checked, Fox News is number 1 among all viewers in the country. And I don't think the American people view themselves as misinformed, inferior, or stupid either.

Hey, number 1 is number 1. I don't think Fox is accepting handouts from Big Oil. LMAO.

BUT, you can dig and see what you can find though... I won't stop you. I promise.

Hey, number 1 is number 1. See for yourself:

United States cable news


Most popular doesn't mean a whole lot. In fact, a full seven professional studies have found that regular viewers of Fox "News" are among the most misinformed--particularly, for purposes of this conversation, where climate science is concerned. From the latest study, Climate on Cable: The Nature and Impact of Global Warming Coverage on Fox News, CNN, and MSNBC:

"Evidence from a content analysis of climate change coverage on Fox News, CNN, and MSNBC during 2007 and 2008 demonstrates that Fox takes a more dismissive tone toward climate change than CNN and MSNBC. Fox also interviews a greater ratio of climate change doubters to believers. An analysis of 2008 survey data from a nationally representative sample of U.S. adults finds a negative
association between Fox News viewership and acceptance of global warming, even after controlling for numerous potential confounding factors. Conversely, viewing
CNN and MSNBC is associated with greater acceptance of global warming. Further analyses reveal that the relationship between cable news viewership (both Fox and CNN/MSNBC) and global warming acceptance is stronger among Republicans than among Democrats. That is, the views of Republicans are strongly linked with the news outlet they watch, regardless of how well that outlet aligns with their political predispositions. In contrast, Democrats don’t vary much in their beliefs as a function of cable news use. This asymmetry suggests that some Republicans, who as a group tend to be predisposed toward global warming skepticism, are less skeptical when exposed to information on the reality and urgency of climate change."


Get that last part? If exposed to actual science instead of the skewed blather on Fox, even "skeptics" become less skeptical. The truth shall set you free...
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Dvorak Intensity has been stable, couldnt disagree with estimates as of now lol.

181500UTC

CI# /Pressure/ Vmax
3.6 / 990.4mb/ 57.0kt


Raw T# 3.4
Adj T# 3.4
Final T# 3.4

Scene Type: UNIFORM CDO CLOUD REGION
Center Temp: -70.8C Cloud Region Temp: -67.2C

Member Since: August 4, 2011 Posts: 46 Comments: 4488
Mauritius Meteorological Services
Tropical Cyclone Advisory #3
FORTE TEMPETE TROPICALE ALENGA (01-20112012)
22:30 PM RET December 5 2011
==============================================

At 18:00 PM UTC, Severe Tropical Storm Alenga (982 hPa) located at 13.1S 86.9E has 10 minute sustained winds of 55 with gusts of 80 knots. The cyclone is reported as moving southwest at 6 knots.

Storm Force Winds
====================
20 NM from the center

Gale Force Winds
================
30 NM from the center extending up to 40 NM in the southeastern quadrant

Near Gale Force Winds
====================
50 NM from the center extending up to 80 NM in the eastern semi-circle

Dvorak Intensity: T4.0/4.0/D1.0/12 HRS

Forecast and Intensity
======================
12 HRS: 14.0S 86.8E - 65 knots (Cyclone Tropical)
24 HRS: 14.6S 88.3E - 70 knots (Cyclone Tropical)
48 HRS: 16.8S 93.0E - 60 knots (Forte Tempête Tropicale)
72 HRS: 19.2S 97.7E - 40 knots (Depression Extratropicale)

Additional Information
======================

Since 1530z, Alenga shows an irregular eye but deep convective activity remains asymmetric with the more active one mainly located in the northern semi-circle. 1522z ASCAT swath seems to be bad resolved. Current motion is now a southwestward track over the northwestern edge of subtropical ridge. As a high to mid level trough is approaching to the south between 80E and 90E (CF water vapor imagery) and an equatorial ridge should build to the northeast of the system, Alenga is forecast to move little within the next 24 hours before accelerating towards the southeast. All numerical weather prediction models agree with this although there is some substantial spread in the speed forecast. Current forecast is based on a consensus of all available numerical weather prediction models. On this forecast, the system should pass east of 90E Tuesday night or Wednesday morning. The shear continues to weaken. Given the favorable sea surface temperatures, steady intensification at least a a climatological rate is forecast and Alenga could become a tropical cyclone tomorrow. Thursday, an increase of vertical wind shear and cooler sea surface temperature should produce significant weakening of the system. Extratropical transition is now expected at this time.

The next tropical cyclone advisory from Mauritius Meteorological Services will be issued at 0:30 AM UTC..
Member Since: May 24, 2006 Posts: 52 Comments: 46590
Quoting grandmariner:



But wait. Last time I checked, Fox News is number 1 among all viewers in the country. And I don't think the American people view themselves as misinformed, inferior, or stupid either.

Hey, number 1 is number 1. I don't think Fox is accepting handouts from Big Oil. LMAO.

BUT, you can dig and see what you can find though... I won't stop you. I promise.

Hey, number 1 is number 1. See for yourself:

United States cable news

Depends on who you ask.. (Poll Position) %u2014 When asked what is the best TV news network, Americans responded along partisan lines, with 62% of Republicans picking Fox News, while 72% of Democrats chose CNN and MSNBC.

In a national Poll Position telephone survey, Fox News came out on top. Among all the 1,180 surveyed, 36% said Fox News was best, with 28% saying CNN and 17% MSNBC.

Among independents, 36% chose Fox News, 31% CNN, 9% MSNBC, and 24% were undecided.

Republicans: 62% Fox News, 13% CNN, 6% MSNBC, 19% undecided.

Democrats: 10% Fox News, 41% CNN, 31% MSNBC, 18% undecided.

Poll Position%u2019s scientific telephone survey of 1,180 adults nationwide was conducted September 18, 2011 and has a margin of error of 3%.The Big Three:[15]
CNBC Bloomberg TV Fox Business Network
Headquarters Englewood Cliffs, N.J. New York City New York City
Number of Households in 2008 97 million 47 million 44 million
Profits in 2008 $350 million $15.6 million not reported*
Management Mark Hoffman (President) Michael Clancy (Executive Editor) Roger Ailes (CEO)

Fox Business Network is operated as a division of the Fox Entertainment Group %u2013 which had $1.85 billion in net income in 2004. No information reported for the profits or losses which the Fox Business Network division represents.

[edit] Ratings

Nielson doesn't track Fox Business ratings[16], but peaked at 81,000 viewers.[15][dubious %u2013 discuss] Bloomberg also doesn't subscribe to Nielson and ratings are assumed to be very small.[17]. Currently, CNBC usually has between 200,000-400,000 viewers during the day.[18] In 2000, CNBC had higher ratings then CNN during market hours.[19]Wiki.
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Quoting Some1Has2BtheRookie:


Worse. Some trolls actually show some humor.


well we can fix that problem. just need to get Jeff's attention to ban them idiots!
Member Since: August 4, 2011 Posts: 46 Comments: 4488
Not sure what the hell is going on, but some arctic air has plunged into southern NM and Panhandle of TX, models were showing this last week and it's verifying.
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Jeff co-founded the Weather Underground in 1995 while working on his Ph.D. He flew with the NOAA Hurricane Hunters from 1986-1990.

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